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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025081/the-long-term-effects-of-early-oral-feeding-following-minimal-invasive-esophagectomy
#1
Gijs H K Berkelmans, Laura Fransen, Teus J Weijs, Merel Lubbers, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Jelle P Ruurda, Ewout A Kouwenhoven, Marc J van Det, Camiel Rosman, Richard van Hillegersberg, Misha D P Luyer
A nil-by-mouth regime with enteral nutrition via an artificial route is frequently applied following esophagectomy. However, early initiation of oral feeding could potentially improve recovery and has shown to be beneficial in many types of abdominal surgery. Although short-term nutritional safety of oral intake after an esophagectomy has been documented, long-term effects of this feeding regimen are unknown. In this cohort study data from patients undergoing minimal invasive Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy between 04-2012 and 09-2015 in three centers in The Netherlands were collected...
August 31, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024738/new-hybrid-mini-laparoendoscopic-single-site-mi-less-partial-nephrectomy-with-early-unclamped-technique-for-renal-tumors-with-intermediate-padua-score-ideal-phase-2a
#2
Christopher Springer, Felix Kawan, Roberto La Rocca, Nasreldin Mohammed, Paolo Fornara, Vincenzo Mirone, Francesco Greco
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a new hybrid technique which we defined mini-laparoendoscopic single-site partial nephrectomy (MILESS-PN) for renal masses presenting an intermediate PADUA score. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty consecutive cases of MILESS-PN performed between April 2013 and November 2015 were included in this study. MILESS consisted in the simultaneous use of two 3 mm pararectal trocars and an umbilical SILS trocar; the sequence of steps of MILESS-PN was comparable to standard laparoscopic partial nephrectomy...
October 9, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022252/biological-data-on-anovia-punica-gordon-coleoptera-coccinellidae-a-predator-of-crypticerya-multicicatrices-kondo-unruh-hemiptera-monophlebidae
#3
E C Pinchao, P Sotelo, G González, T Kondo
The coccinellid beetle Anovia punica Gordon (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae: Noviini) is an important predator of the Colombian fluted scale, Crypticerya multicicatrices Kondo & Unruh (Hemiptera: Monophlebidae). In order to gather information on the biological traits of A. punica, we conducted a series of studies, including of the developmental time of each life history stage, estimation of life table parameters, and predation rates under laboratory conditions [25.1 ± 1.6°C, with 70.5 ± 7.3% RH, and natural light regime, approx...
October 12, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016303/undiagnosed-active-pulmonary-tuberculosis-among-pilgrims-during-the-2015-hajj-mass-gathering-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#4
Saber Yezli, Alimuddin Zumla, Yara Yassin, Ali M Al-Shangiti, Gamal Mohamed, Abdulhafiz M Turkistani, Badriah Alotaibi
Mass gatherings pose a risk for tuberculosis (TB) transmission and reactivation of latent TB infection. The annual Hajj pilgrimage attracts 2 million pilgrims from high TB-endemic countries. We evaluated the burden of undiagnosed active pulmonary TB in pilgrims attending the 2015 Hajj mass gathering. We conducted a prospective cross-sectional study in Mecca, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, for nonhospitalized adult pilgrims from five high TB-endemic countries. Enrollment criteria were the presence of a cough and the ability to produce a sputum sample...
September 5, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976986/investigating-the-impact-of-media-on-demand-for-wildlife-a-case-study-of-harry-potter-and-the-uk-trade-in-owls
#5
Diane A Megias, Sean C Anderson, Robert J Smith, Diogo Veríssimo
In recent decades, a substantial number of popular press articles have described an increase in demand for certain species in the pet trade due to films such as "Finding Nemo", "Ninja turtles", and "Harry Potter". Nevertheless, such assertions are largely supported only by anecdotal evidence. Given the role of the wildlife trade in the spread of pathogens and zoonosis, the introduction of invasive species, the overexploitation of biodiversity, and the neglect of animal welfare, it is crucial to understand what factors drive demand for a species...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972403/detection-of-different-genotypes-of-infectious-bronchitis-virus-and-of-infectious-bursal-disease-virus-in-european-broilers-during-an-epidemiological-study-in-2013-and-the-consequences-for-the-diagnostic-approach
#6
J J de Wit, C Cazaban, R Dijkman, G Ramon, Y Gardin
To gather recent data regarding the infectious bronchitis (IB) and infectious bursal disease (IBD) situation in Europe, a large-scale field epidemiological survey using diagnostic samples has been implemented in 2013 for about six months in several European countries: France, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, the Republic of Ireland, Spain and the United Kingdom. In 234 flocks that were sampled, strains from 10 different IBV genotypes were detected: the 793B genotype was detected most frequently, followed by QX, Massachusetts (Mass) and the Xindadi-like strains...
October 3, 2017: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969236/comparative-study-of-ultrasonographic-and-anthropometric-measurements-of-regional-adiposity-in-metabolic-syndrome
#7
Rudresh Hiremath, Jebin Ibrahim, Krishna Prasanthi, Harish T Reddy, Rushit Sandeep Shah, Ch Haritha
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome is complex disorder unifying dyslipidemia, insulin resistance and hyper insulinemia. Rising global epidemic of obesity has tremendous impact on metabolic syndrome. Ultrasound is becoming widely utilized modality for measuring the visceral adiposity. AIM: To determine the usefulness of ultrasonographic measurements in the estimation of regional adiposity and to compare them with anthropometric measurements and to correlate ultrasonographic measurements of regional adiposity and metabolic syndrome...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962607/association-of-informal-caregiving-with-body-mass-index-and-frequency-of-sporting-activities-evidence-of-a-population-based-study-in-germany
#8
André Hajek, Jens-Oliver Bock, Hans-Helmut König
BACKGROUND: While most studies focused solely on the comparison between informal caregivers and non-caregivers, little is known about the relation between caregiving time or caregiving activities and lifestyle factors. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine whether informal caregiving time and type of caregiving activities are associated with body mass index (BMI) and the frequency of sporting activities among informal caregivers. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were gathered from the German Ageing Survey, a nationally representative study among community-dwelling individuals aged ≥40 that includes a total of n = 1380 people who provide informal care services...
September 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961606/evaluation-of-syndromic-surveillance-systems-in-6-us-state-and-local-health-departments
#9
Mathew J Thomas, Paula W Yoon, James M Collins, Arthur J Davidson, William R Mac Kenzie
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating public health surveillance systems is critical to ensuring that conditions of public health importance are appropriately monitored. Our objectives were to qualitatively evaluate 6 state and local health departments that were early adopters of syndromic surveillance in order to (1) understand the characteristics and current uses, (2) identify the most and least useful syndromes to monitor, (3) gauge the utility for early warning and outbreak detection, and (4) assess how syndromic surveillance impacted their daily decision making...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959148/the-association-between-hypertension-and-prostate-cancer
#10
Shah Navin, Vladimir Ioffe
A 2016 meta-analysis documented a possible association between hypertension and prostate cancer. We retrospectively reviewed our 3200 prostate cancer patients that were aged 51 to 76 years to determine the frequency of hypertension. Data was gathered on age, race (African American and white), hypertension, diabetes, and body mass index (BMI). Patients were subdivided into three groups: age 51 to 60 years, age 61 to 70 years, and age 71 to 76 years. Our study population consisted of 1388 (43%) African American patients and 1812 (57%) white patients...
2017: Reviews in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951278/successful-external-cephalic-version-is-an-independent-factor-for-caesarean-section-during-trial-of-labor%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-matched-controlled-study
#11
J Boujenah, C Fleury, C Bonneau, I Pharisien, A Tigaizin, L Carbillon
INTRODUCTION: To assess the mode of delivery and Caesarean Section (CS) rate after successful External Cephalic Version (ECV). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A matched case-control study. Data were gathered from a tertiary care university hospital register from 1996-2015. All pregnant women who delivered after successful External Cephalic Version (ECV). Among 643 women who attempted ECV, we identified 198 with successful ECVs and compared them with the next two women who presented for labor management with spontaneous cephalic presentation, matching for delivery date, maternal age, parity, body mass index, and delivery history using univariate and stepwise logistic regression...
September 22, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944432/trend-of-changes-in-serum-albumin-and-its-relation-with-sex-age-and-bmi-following-laparoscopic-mini-gastric-bypass-surgery-in-morbid-obese-cases
#12
Mehrdad Karimi, Ali Kabir, Masoumeh Nejatifar, Abdolreza Pazouki
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate the pattern of changes in serum albumin level after mini-gastric bypass (MGB) and its association with gender, age, and body mass index (BMI) of the patients. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted on 196 morbidly obese patients undergoing MGB followed for 1 year. The data on BMI, serum albumin level, demographic, anthropometric, biochemical variables and comorbidities were gathered before and after (3, 6, and 12 months) surgery...
September 24, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942505/retrospective-biomonitoring-of-mercury-and-other-elements-in-museum-feathers-of-common-kestrel-falco-tinnunculus-using-instrumental-neutron-activation-analysis-inaa
#13
Paola Movalli, Peter Bode, René Dekker, Lorenzo Fornasari, Steven van der Mije, Reuven Yosef
This study examines the potential to use instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) to explore temporal and geographical variation in exposure to heavy metals and other selected elements in common kestrel Falco tinnunculus using feathers from a natural history collection. The study gathered samples of two breast feathers from each of 16 adult male kestrel specimens from Naturalis Biodiversity Centre, collected in The Netherlands between 1901 and 2001. Feather samples were analysed for more than 50 elements, using INAA at the Reactor Institute Delft...
September 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932598/the-effects-of-socioeconomic-determinants-on-hypertension-in-a-cardiometabolic-at-risk-european-country
#14
Sarah Cuschieri, Josanne Vassallo, Neville Calleja, Nikolai Pace, Julian Mamo
BACKGROUND: A relationship has been established between socioeconomic status and hypertension. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension and to explore the links between hypertension and socioeconomic factors in the adult population of Malta. METHODS: A national representative cross-sectional health examination study was performed between 2014 and 2016. Sociodemographic and medical history data was gathered by validated questionnaires while blood pressure was measured...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930004/enteric-infections-circulating-during-hajj-seasons-2011-2013
#15
Moataz Abd El Ghany, Mona Alsomali, Malak Almasri, Eriko Padron Regalado, Raeece Naeem, AbdulHafeez Tukestani, Abdullah Asiri, Grant A Hill-Cawthorne, Arnab Pain, Ziad A Memish
Hajj, the annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, is a unique mass gathering event that raises public health concerns in the host country and globally. Although gastroenteritis and diarrhea are common among Hajj pilgrims, the microbial etiologies of these infections are unknown. We collected 544 fecal samples from pilgrims with medically attended diarrheal illness from 40 countries during the 2011-2013 Hajj seasons and screened the samples for 16 pathogens commonly associated with diarrheal infections...
October 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928583/single-minute-of-positive-end-expiratory-pressure-at-the-time-of-induction-effect-on-arterial-blood-gases-and-hemodynamics-in-morbidly-obese-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-bariatric-surgery
#16
Dipti Saxena, Priyank Singh, Atul Dixit, Bipin Arya, Mohit Bhandari, Sadhana Sanwatsarkar
BACKGROUND: The effect of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) has been studied in detail after induction of general anesthesia especially in obese individuals. However, sparse information can be gathered from the literature regarding its effect when applied at the time of induction and the time of onset of its effect. Thus, this study was planned to assess the effect of PEEP when applied for a single minute in morbidly obese patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomized prospective study comprising seven morbidly obese patients (body mass index ≥40 kg/m(2))...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926205/prevalence-and-correlates-of-sleep-disturbance-among-older-women-in-vietnam
#17
Tiet-Hanh Dao-Tran, Charrlotte Seib
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore prevalence and correlates of sleep disturbance among women aged 60 and over in Vietnam. BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance can negatively influence human's health. Sleep disturbance is likely to increase with age, and women appear to be more likely to experience sleep disturbance than men. Knowledge about sleep disturbance in women aged 60 and over in Vietnam is under-researched. DESIGN: The study presents results from a cross-sectional survey of 440 women aged 60 and over from 16 rural and urban suburbs in Vietnam from 8/2014 to 1/2015...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913976/hplc-hrms-for-the-characterization-of-transformation-products-of-ionic-liquids
#18
Debora Fabbri, Paola Calza, Giorgio Noè, Valentina Santoro, Claudio Medana
RATIONALE: Ionic liquids (ILs) are a subject of active research in the field of alternative solvents. We studied the behaviour of a piperidine IL, 1-butyl-1-methylpiperidinium tetrafluoroborate (BMPA), through the elucidation of its transformation products (TPs) in water. METHODS: The transformation pathways of BMPA were investigated using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) combined with a hybrid LTQ-Orbitrap instrument on the basis of mass defect filtering...
September 14, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903564/impact-of-an-artificial-digestion-procedure-on-aluminum-containing-nanomaterials
#19
Holger Sieg, Claudia Kästner, Benjamin Krause, Thomas Meyer, Agnès Burel, Linda Böhmert, Dajana Lichtenstein, Harald Jungnickel, Jutta Tentschert, Peter Laux, Albert Braeuning, Irina Estrela-Lopis, Fabienne Gauffre, Valérie Fessard, Jan Meijer, Andreas Luch, Andreas F Thünemann, Alfonso Lampen
Aluminum has gathered toxicological attention based on relevant human exposure and its suspected hazardous potential. Nanoparticles from food supplements or food contact materials may reach the human gastrointestinal tract. Here, we monitored the physicochemical fate of aluminum-containing nanoparticles and aluminum ions when passaging an in vitro model of the human gastrointestinal tract. Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), ion beam microscopy (IBM), secondary ion beam mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS), and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) in the single-particle mode were employed to characterize two aluminum-containing nanomaterials with different particle core materials (Al(0), γAl2O3) and soluble AlCl3...
September 26, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893436/death-after-25c-nbome-and-25h-nbome-consumption
#20
Luca Morini, Marzia Bernini, Sara Vezzoli, Mario Restori, Matteo Moretti, Stefano Crenna, Pietro Papa, Carlo Locatelli, Antonio Marco Maria Osculati, Claudia Vignali, Angelo Groppi
A teenager male was found dead in a waterway after he was spotted jumping off into the water stream. The boy looked agitated and confused after a party with friends. At the gathering place, investigators seized packages of blotter papers. A complete autopsy and a histological evaluation of the main tissues were performed; although the death occurred by drowning, the prosecutor requested toxicological exams, in order to evaluate the potential role of drugs of abuse in the episode. Blood (both peripheral and central) and urine samples as well as seized blotter papers were collected and analyzed as follows...
October 2017: Forensic Science International
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