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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643663/delivery-outcomes-of-term-pregnancy-complicated-by-idiopathic-polyhydramnios
#1
S Zeino, L Carbillon, I Pharisien, A Tigaizin, M Benchimol, R Murtada, J Boujenah
OBJECTIVE: Polyhydramnios is associated with an increased risk of cesarean section. The aetiology of polyhydramnios and the characteristics of the labour may be confounding factors. The objective was to study the characteristics and mode of delivery in case of pregnancy complicated with idiopathic polyhydramnios. METHODS: This retrospective matched and controlled study included all pregnant women with idiopathic polyhydramnios (amniotic index>25cm or single deepest pocket>8cm) diagnosed at the 2nd or 3rd trimester and persistent at term delivery (>37weeks of pregnancy) in our institution...
April 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626749/a-century-spent-combating-rabies-in-morocco-1911-2015-how-much-longer
#2
Sami Darkaoui, Florence Cliquet, Marine Wasniewski, Emmanuelle Robardet, Nadia Aboulfidaa, Mohammed Bouslikhane, Ouafaa Fassi-Fihri
Rabies has no known beginning in Morocco and to date, government control efforts and plans fail to eradicate the disease. A review and analysis of available epidemiological data are crucial to learn lessons from the past and to propose effective actions. Legally, animal rabies is a notifiable disease since 1913 and legislation has been updated periodically since. Dogs have always been considered as both the disease's vector and reservoir, while cattle, other herbivores, and humans are victims. Animal rabies cases evolution from 1942 to 2015 is characterized by ascending phase then decreasing one following structured rabies control plan implementation in 1980s...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625229/mass-gathering-medical-care-in-electronic-dance-music-festivals
#3
Kathleen M FitzGibbon, Jose V Nable, Benjamin Ayd, Benjamin J Lawner, Angela C Comer, Richard Lichenstein, Matthew J Levy, Kevin G Seaman, Ian Bussey
Introduction Electronic dance music (EDM) festivals represent a unique subset of mass-gathering events with limited guidance through literature or legislation to guide mass-gathering medical care at these events. Hypothesis/Problem Electronic dance music festivals pose unique challenges with increased patient encounters and heightened patient acuity under-estimated by current validated casualty predication models. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of three separate EDM festivals with analysis of patient encounters and patient transport rates...
June 19, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622663/sensitive-immunoassay-for-simultaneous-determination-of-tetrabromobisphenol-a-bis-2-hydroxyethyl-ether-and-tetrabromobisphenol-a-mono-hydroxyethyl-ether-an-effective-and-reliable-strategy-to-estimate-the-typical-tetrabromobisphenol-a-derivative-and-byproduct
#4
Zhen Zhang, Nuanfei Zhu, Menglu Huang, Yaru Liang, Kun Zeng, Xiangyang Wu, Zhenjiang Liu, Qianchi Ma, Guangbo Qu, Jianbo Shi
Tetrabromobisphenol A bis(2-hydroxyethyl) ether (TBBPA DHEE), as one of the TBBPA derivatives, is frequently applied as a flame retardant. To date, however, little evidence has been gathered regarding its environmental behavior and fate. This is mainly attributed to the lack of an analytical approach available to measure it. Mass spectrometry cannot determine levels of TBBPA DHEE. LC-MS could not ionize TBBPA DHEE to yield enough fragments, while GC-MS could not be applied for the analysis either, due to the thermal degradation of TBBPA DHEE...
June 13, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619416/mass-gatherings-and-public-health-case-studies-from-the-hajj-to-mecca
#5
Juma Rahman, Min Thu, Neelam Arshad, Marc Van der Putten
BACKGROUND: Many new and challenging risks can be introduced during mass gatherings. The Hajj, as one of the largest mass gatherings, provides an excellent annual opportunity to reflect on the public health risk posed by international and multicultural crowds and the value of mitigation strategies. OBJECTIVES: To identify the gap between preparation and training taken before being exposed to the mass gathering and postexposure experiences, and the breach between the expectations and reality of the holy place...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614444/expected-hazards-and-hospital-beds-in-host-cities-of-the-2014-fifa-world-cup-in-brazil
#6
Elaine Silva Miranda, Kimberley Shoaf, Raulino Sabino da Silva, Carolina Figueiredo Freitas, Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio-de-Castro
Planning for mass gatherings involves health system preparedness based on an understanding of natural and technological hazards identified through prior risk assessment. We present the expected hazards reported by health administrators of the host cities for the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil and discuss the hazards considering minimal available public hospital beds in the 12 cities at the time of the event. Four different groups of respondents were interviewed: pharmaceutical service administrators and overall health administrators at both the municipal and hospital levels...
June 12, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600220/the-belgian-national-registry-on-chronic-pancreatitis-a-prospective-multi-centre-study-covering-more-than-800-patients-in-one-year
#7
M Fernandez, M Arvanitakis, C Musala, J Devière, W Van Steenbergen, V Putzeys, F Ausloos, B Bastens, P Gast, G Roeyen, F Berrevoet, I Scheers, M Delhaye, P H Deprez
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The epidemiology, natural history, complications, and therapeutic management of chronic pancreatitis (CP) are not well described at the national level. This multi-centre prospective observational study involving eight Belgian hospitals aimed to improve the understanding of these aspects of CP in Belgium. METHODS: All patients with a diagnosis of CP based on imaging were eligible for this study. Data were gathered regarding epidemiology, etiology, CP complications, and treatment modalities...
May 26, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592672/primate-energy-input-and-the-evolutionary-transition-to-energy-dense-diets-in-humans
#8
Bruno Simmen, Patrick Pasquet, Shelly Masi, Georgius J A Koppert, Jonathan C K Wells, Claude Marcel Hladik
Humans and other large-brained hominins have been proposed to increase energy turnover during their evolutionary history. Such increased energy turnover is plausible, given the evolution of energy-rich diets, but requires empirical confirmation. Framing human energetics in a phylogenetic context, our meta-analysis of 17 wild non-human primate species shows that daily metabolizable energy input follows an allometric relationship with body mass where the allometric exponent for mass is 0.75 ± 0.04, close to that reported for daily energy expenditure measured with doubly labelled water in primates...
June 14, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590773/factors-influencing-brown-fat-activation-in-fdg-pet-ct-a-retrospective-analysis-of-15-000-cases
#9
Jeffrey D Steinberg, Wouter Vogel, Erik Vegt
OBJECTIVES: Brown fat can exhibit high uptake of 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) on positron emission tomography (PET) and interfere with interpretation of the scan. The goal of this study was to identify factors that may influence BAT activation. METHODS: A retrospective study of FDG PET scans was performed using a database of 15,109 PET/CT reports. BAT activation reported by nuclear medicine physicians and factors influencing BAT activation were gathered...
June 7, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587067/diet-induced-low-grade-metabolic-acidosis-and-clinical-outcomes-a-review
#10
Renata Alves Carnauba, Ana Beatriz Baptistella, Valéria Paschoal, Gilberti Helena Hübscher
Low-grade metabolic acidosis is a condition characterized by a slight decrease in blood pH, within the range considered normal, and feeding is one of the main factors that may influence the occurrence of such a condition. The excessive consumption of acid precursor foods (sources of phosphorus and proteins), to the detriment of those precursors of bases (sources of potassium, calcium, and magnesium), leads to acid-base balance volubility. If this condition occurs in a prolonged, chronic way, low-grade metabolic acidosis can become significant and predispose to metabolic imbalances such as kidney stone formation, increased bone resorption, reduced bone mineral density, and the loss of muscle mass, as well as the increased risk of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and non-alcoholic hepatic steatosis...
May 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583161/a-case-control-study-on-egg-consumption-and-risk-of-stroke-among-iranian-population
#11
Roohallah Fallah-Moshkani, Mohammad Saadatnia, Forough Shakeri, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Parvane Saneei, Bagher Larijani, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
BACKGROUND: Most available data that linked intake of egg to risk of stroke came from western countries, with conflicting findings. We aimed to examine the association between egg consumption and risk of stroke among Iranian adults. METHODS: In a hospital-based case-control study, 195 stroke patients, hospitalized in Alzahra University Hospital, were selected as cases and 195 control subjects, from patients hospitalized in other wards with no history of cerebrovascular diseases or neurologic disorders, were recruited...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579862/assessment-of-hypogonadism-in-men-with-type-2-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-study-from-saudi-arabia
#12
Ayman Abdullah Al Hayek, Asirvatham Alwin Robert, Ghazi Alshammari, Husain Hakami, Mohamed Abdulaziz Al Dawish
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: A high incidence of hypogonadism in men with type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been globally reported. This study aimed to determining the frequency of hypogonadism and related risk factors among men with T2D in a single-site hospital in Saudi Arabia. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed on 157 men with T2D (between 30 and 70 years of age). Using a prestructured questionnaire, the demographic features of these patients were gathered and their medical records were referred to gather information regarding the duration of the diabetes, smoking habits, and the presence of retinopathy, neuropathy, and nephropathy...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Endocrinology and Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579753/automated-retinal-imaging-and-trend-analysis-a-tool-for-health-monitoring
#13
Karin Roesch, Tristan Swedish, Ramesh Raskar
Most current diagnostic devices are expensive, require trained specialists to operate and gather static images with sparse data points. This leads to preventable diseases going undetected until late stage, resulting in greatly narrowed treatment options. This is especially true for retinal imaging. Future solutions are low cost, portable, self-administered by the patient, and capable of providing multiple data points, population analysis, and trending. This enables preventative interventions through mass accessibility, constant monitoring, and predictive modeling...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575755/evaluation-of-an-online-master-s-programme-in-somaliland-a-phenomenographic-study-on-the-experience-of-professional-and-personal-development-among-midwifery-faculty
#14
Kerstin Erlandsson, Fatumo Osman, Mathias Hatakka, Jama Ali Egal, Ulrika Byrskog, Christina Pedersen, Marie Klingberg-Allvin
To record the variation of perceptions of midwifery faculty in terms of the possibilities and challenges related to the completion of their first online master's level programme in Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in Somaliland. The informants included in this phenomenongraphical focus group study were those well-educated professional women and men who completed the master's program. The informant perceived that this first online master's level programme provided tools for independent use of the Internet and independent searching for evidence-based information, enhanced professional development, was challenge-driven and evoked curiosity, challenged professional development, enhanced personal development and challenged context-bound career paths...
May 23, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572982/overweight-and-obesity-prevalence-among-public-servants-in-nadowli-district-ghana-and-associated-risk-factors-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Margaret Atuahene, John Kuumuori Ganle, Martin Adjuik, Nana Frema Atuahene, Grace Billi Kampitib
BACKGROUND: Globally, overweight and obesity are becoming a mounting concern, impacting negatively on the health of populations especially in low-income settings. However, there is paucity of epidemiological information available in Ghana to support intervention activities. We conducted a study among public servants to estimate overweight/obesity, hypertension and diabetes prevalence and associated risk factors. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional survey involving 271 purposively sampled public servants aged 20 to 59 years was conducted...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554839/biophysical-and-structural-characterization-of-mono-di-arylated-lactosamine-derivatives-interaction-with-human-galectin-3
#16
Cédric Atmanene, Céline Ronin, Stéphane Téletchéa, François-Moana Gautier, Florence Djedaïni-Pilard, Fabrice Ciesielski, Valérie Vivat, Cyrille Grandjean
Combination of biophysical and structural techniques allowed characterizing and uncovering the mechanisms underlying increased binding affinity of lactosamine derivatives for galectin 3. In particular, complementing information gathered from X-ray crystallography, native mass spectrometry and isothermal microcalorimetry showed favorable enthalpic contribution of cation-π interaction between lactosamine aryl substitutions and arginine residues from the carbohydrate recognition domain, which resulted in two log increase in compound binding affinity...
May 26, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554607/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-body-composition-of-stimulant-users-a-baseline-analysis-of-the-stride-cohort
#17
Mark Stoutenberg, Chad D Rethorst, Denise C Vidot, Tracy L Greer, Madhukar H Trivedi
INTRODUCTION: Relatively little has been reported about the physical characteristics, such as cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and body composition, of stimulant users. Identifying risk factors associated with the physical health of stimulant users is an important public health issue as new treatments should better address the entire range of health concerns experienced by this population. METHODS: We examined cross-sectional data gathered at baseline from the STimulant Reduction Intervention using Dosed Exercise (STRIDE) study, a multisite randomized clinical trial that examined exercise as an adjunct to treatment as usual for individuals in residential treatment programs (RTPs)...
July 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554341/crowd-simulations-and-determining-the-critical-density-point-of-emergency-situations
#18
Gholamreza Khademipour, Nouzar Nakhaee, Seyed Mohammad Saberi Anari, Maryam Sadeghi, Hojjat Ebrahimnejad, Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri
OBJECTIVE: In modern societies, crowds and mass gatherings are recurrent. A combination of inadequate facilities and inefficient population management can lead to injury and death. Simulating people's behavior in crowds and mass gatherings can assist in the planning and management of gatherings, especially in emergency situations. METHODS: We aimed to determine the crowd pattern and the critical density point in the grand bazaar of Kerman in Iran. We collected data by use of a census method with a questionnaire...
May 30, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549141/risk-factors-for-acquisition-of-ctx-m-genes-in-pilgrims-during-hajj-2013-and-2014
#19
Thongpan Leangapichart, Hervé Tissot-Dupont, Didier Raoult, Ziad A Memish, Jean-Marc Rolain, Philippe Gautret
Background: Mass gatherings, especially the Hajj pilgrimage, provide favourable conditions for bacterial transmission among participants, which might contribute to the international spread of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E). Objectives: We conducted an analysis aimed at investigating risk factors for CTX-M gene ( bla CTX-M ) rectal carriage in 2013 and 2014 Hajj pilgrims. Methods: A total of 218 pilgrims provided paired pre- and post-Hajj rectal samples (2013, 129 pilgrims; 2014, 89 pilgrims)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542491/the-face-of-war-trauma-analysis-of-a-mass-grave-from-the-battle-of-l%C3%A3-tzen-1632
#20
Nicole Nicklisch, Frank Ramsthaler, Harald Meller, Susanne Friederich, Kurt W Alt
Contemporary accounts of battles are often incomplete or even erroneous because they reflect the-often biased-viewpoints of the authors. Battlefield archaeology faces the task of compiling an historical analysis of a battle and of gathering all the available facts. Besides cultural historical evidence and artefacts, the human remains of those who have fallen in battle also provide invaluable information. In studying mass graves from a military context, the injury types and patterns are significant. They allow us to reconstruct the circumstances surrounding the soldiers' deaths and provide information on the hostilities that occurred on the battlefield...
2017: PloS One
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