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Mass gatherings

Alison Hutton, Jamie Ranse, Matthew Brendan Munn
This report identifies what is known about audience motivations at three different mass-gathering events: outdoor music festivals, religious events, and sporting events. In light of these motivations, the paper discusses how these can be harnessed by the event organizer and Emergency Medical Services. Lastly, motivations tell what kinds of interventions can be used to achieve an understanding of audience characteristics and the opportunity to develop tailor-made programs to maximize safety and make long-lasting public health interventions to a particular "cohort" or event population...
February 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Brian E Roe, John W Apolzan, Danyi Qi, H Raymond Allen, Corby K Martin
We analyze food-item level data collected from 50 adults from the United States using the Remote Food Photography Method® to provide the first estimates of plate waste gathered from adults across multiple consecutive meals and days in free-living conditions, and during laboratory-based meals with fixed food items and quantities. We find average plate waste in free-living conditions is 5.6 grams (7.7 kcals) per item and that 3.3% of all food selected is returned as plate waste, where the percent waste figure is substantially lower than previously published plate waste estimates gathered primarily from dine-out settings in the United States such as buffets and institutional settings with limited-choice meals (e...
2018: PloS One
Quentin Fouche, Valery Hedouin, Damien Charabidze
Necrophagous Calliphoridae breed in vertebrate carrion. Their larvae aggregate and form large masses of individuals. These aggregated larvae can reach adulthood faster than scattered larvae, increasing their chances of survival. Furthermore, the gathering of larvae of different species suggests possible interspecific aggregation vectors. In this context, the effect of larval ground-left cues on larvae of Calliphora vomitoria and Lucilia sericata was studied. We used video tracking to follow larvae placed in binary choice tests...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Cati G Brown-Johnson, Lindsay M Boeckman, Ashley H White, Andrea D Burbank, Sjonna Paulson, Laura A Beebe
BACKGROUND: Modern technology (ie, websites and social media) has significantly changed social mores in health information access and delivery. Although mass media campaigns for health intervention have proven effective and cost-effective in changing health behavior at a population scale, this is best studied in traditional media sources (ie, radio and television). Digital health interventions are options that use short message service/text messaging, social media, and internet technology...
February 12, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
Maria A van Agthoven, Alice M Lynch, Tomos E Morgan, Christopher A Wootton, Yuko P Y Lam, Lionel Chiron, Mark P Barrow, Marc-André Delsuc, Peter B O'Connor
Two-dimensional mass spectrometry (2D MS) correlates precursor and fragment ions without ion isolation in a Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer (FT-ICR MS) for tandem mass spectrometry. Infrared activated electron capture dissociation (IR-ECD), using a hollow cathode configuration, generally yields more information for peptide sequencing in tandem mass spectrometry than ECD (electron capture dissociation) alone. The effects of the fragmentation zone on the 2D mass spectrum are investigated, as well as the structural information that can be derived from it...
February 8, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Roghieh Bagheri, Parvin Abedi, Parvaneh Mousavi, Nasrin Azimi
This study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) and its relationship with demographic factors and medical disorders on 980 postmenopausal women. Data was gathered using a demographic questionnaire and the International Restless Legs Syndrome Scale. The prevalence of RLS was 16.02% (157/980). Women with poor economic status were 3.37 and 2.33 times more likely to have RLS than women with a good economic situation and moderate economic status (CI:2.041-5.579, P≤0.0001) and (CI: 1...
February 8, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Adib Abu Hajer, Stefanie Wolff, Frank Benedix, Martin Hukauf, Th Manger, Christine Stroh
BACKGROUND: The population are getting older and obesity is growing. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is increasingly used worldwide but is still used with skepticism in the elderly. The purpose of our analysis is to judge the security of LSG in patients older than 60 years compared to patients younger than 60 years. METHODS: This retrospective review included data of all patients in Germany who underwent LSG between January 2005 and December 2016.The data were published online in the German Bariatric Surgery Registry...
February 7, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Elke Tjeertes, Sanne Hoeks, Jeroen van Vugt, Robert Jan Stolker, Anton Hoofwijk
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A new and interesting body mass index (BMI) formula has been proposed. This formula was designed to provide a more accurate estimation of weight categories, not limited in a two-dimensional manner. The objective of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of the new BMI formula on postoperative complications and long-term survival in a large cohort of patients undergoing general surgery. METHODS: 4293 consecutive patients undergoing general surgery in a general teaching hospital were included...
December 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Saeed M Omar, Osama Elnour, Gamal K Adam, Osman E Osman, Ishag Adam
BACKGROUND: The rate of blood pressure (BP) control in adult hypertensive patients is poor and the reasons for poor control of BP pressure are not fully understood globally. This study aimed to assess the rate and factors associated with BP control in adult hypertensive patients in Sudan. METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted in adult hypertensive Sudanese patients at Gadarif Hospital in eastern Sudan from November 2016 to March 2017. Information on sociodemographic characteristics of the participants, comorbidities, antihypertensive medication, and adherence to antihypertensive medication was gathered from patients using a questionnaire...
February 7, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Kamila Widziewicz, Wioletta Rogula-Kozlowska, Krzysztof Loska, Karolina Kociszewska, Grzegorz Majewski
OBJECTIVE: To check whether health risk impacts of exposure to airborne metals and Benzo(a) Pyrene during episodes of high PM10 concentrations lead to an increased number of lung cancer cases in Poland. METHODS: In this work, we gathered data from 2002 to 2014 concerning the ambient concentrations of PM10 and PM10-bound carcinogenic Benzo(a)pyrene [B(a)P] and As, Cd, Pb, and Ni. With the use of the criterion of the exceedance in the daily PM10 mass concentration on at least 50% of all the analyzed stations, the PM10 maxima's were selected...
January 2018: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
Brooks Ficke, Osama Elattar, Sameer M Naranje, Ibukunoluwa Araoye, Ashish B Shah
BACKGROUND: Plantar fasciitis is a common foot pathology that is typically treated non-operatively. However, a minority of patients fail non-operative management, develop chronic symptoms, and request a surgical option. Gastrocnemius recession has recently been shown to be effective for the treatment of chronic plantar fasciitis. The purpose of this paper is to present evidence that gastrocnemius recession is safe and effective in the subset of chronic plantar fasciitis patients who are overweight and obese...
June 7, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Fernando Gonçalves, Ricardo S Bovendorp, Gabrielle Beca, Carolina Bello, Raul Costa-Pereira, Renata L Muylaert, Raisa R Rodarte, Nacho Villar, Rafael Souza, Maurício E Graipel, Jorge J Cherem, Deborah Faria, Julio Baumgarten, Martín R Alvarez, Emerson M Vieira, Nilton Cáceres, Renata Pardini, Yuri L R Leite, Leonora P Costa, Marco A R Mello, Erich Fischer, Fernando C Passos, Luiz H Varzinczak, Jayme A Prevedello, Ariovaldo P Cruz-Neto, Fernando Carvalho, Alexandre R Percequillo, Agustin Paviolo, Alessandra Nava, José M B Duarte, Noé U de la Sancha, Enrico Bernard, Ronaldo G Morato, Juliana F Ribeiro, Rafael G Becker, Gabriela Paise, Paulo S Tomasi, Felipe Vélez-Garcia, Geruza L Melo, Jonas Sponchiado, Felipe Cerezer, Marília A S Barros, Albérico Q S de Souza, Cinthya C Dos Santos, Gastón A F Giné, Patricia Kerches-Rogeri, Marcelo M Weber, Guilherme Ambar, Lucía V Cabrera-Martinez, Alan Eriksson, Maurício Silveira, Carolina F Santos, Lucas Alves, Eder Barbier, Gabriela C Rezende, Guilherme S T Garbino, Élson O Rios, Adna Silva, Alexandre Túlio A Nascimento, Rodrigo S de Carvalho, Anderson Feijó, Juan Arrabal, Ilaria Agostini, Daniela Lamattina, Sebastian Costa, Ezequiel Vanderhoeven, Fabiano R de Melo, Plautino de Oliveira Laroque, Leandro Jerusalinsky, Mônica M Valença-Montenegro, Amely B Martins, Gabriela Ludwig, Renata B de Azevedo, Agustin Anzóategui, Marina X da Silva, Marcela Figuerêdo Duarte Moraes, Alexandre Vogliotti, Andressa Gatti, Thomas Püttker, Camila S Barros, Thais K Martins, Alexine Keuroghlian, Donald P Eaton, Carolina L Neves, Marcelo S Nardi, Caryne Braga, Pablo R Gonçalves, Ana Carolina Srbek-Araujo, Poliana Mendes, João A de Oliveira, Fábio A M Soares, Patrício A Rocha, Peter Crawshaw, Milton C Ribeiro, Mauro Galetti
Measures of traits are the basis of functional biological diversity. Numerous works consider mean species-level measures of traits while ignoring individual variance within species. However, there is a large amount of variation within species and it is increasingly apparent that it is important to consider trait variation not only between species, but also within species. Mammals are an interesting group for investigating trait-based approaches because they play diverse and important ecological functions (e...
February 2018: Ecology
Arash Akhavan Rezayat, Malihe Dadgar Moghadam, Mohammad Ghasemi Nour, Matin Shirazinia, Hamidreza Ghodsi, Mohammad Reza Rouhbakhsh Zahmatkesh, Mitra Tavakolizadeh Noghabi, Benyamin Hoseini, Kambiz Akhavan Rezayat
Background/aims: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is one of the most common chronic liver diseases. Some risk factors are known to influence the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, but the effect of tobacco smoking on the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is controversial. The main goal of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to investigate the association between smoking and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Method: Electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, and ISI Web of Science) were searched to find published articles on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and smoking until December 2016...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
Anwar M Hashem, Esam I Azhar, Sarah Shalhoub, Turki S Abujamel, Norah A Othman, Abdulwahab B Al Zahrani, Hanan M Abdullah, Maha M Al-Alawi, Anees A Sindi
The emerged influenza A/H1N1pdm09 viruses have replaced the previously circulating seasonal H1N1 viruses. The close antigenic properties of these viruses to the 1918 H1N1 pandemic viruses and their post-pandemic evolution pattern could further enhance their adaptation and pathogenicity in humans representing a major public health threat. Given that data on the dynamics and evolution of these viruses in Saudi Arabia is sparse we investigated the genetic diversity of circulating influenza A/H1N1pdm09 viruses from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, by analyzing 39 full genomes from isolates obtained between 2014-2015, from patients with varying symptoms...
February 2, 2018: Archives of Virology
Antonio Jiménez-Pacheco, María Salinero-Bachiller, María C Iribar, Alfonso López-Luque, José L Miján-Ortiz, Jose M Peinado
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most frequently diagnosed noncutaneous malignant tumor among males in the Western world. Prostate-specific antigen has been considered the most important biomarker for PCa detection; however, it lacks specificity, leading to the search for alternative biomarkers. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are released during cell metabolism and can be found in exhaled breath, urine, and other fluids. VOCs have been used in the diagnosis of lung, breast, ovarian, and colorectal cancers, among others...
January 21, 2018: Urologic Oncology
Keita Adachi, Kenichi Sakurai, Shuhei Suzuki, Hitomi Kubota, Yukiko Hara, Kaori Abe, Asako Fujiwara, Tomohiro Hirano, Katsuhisa Enomoto, Shinobu Masuda, Makoto Makishima, Tsugumichi Koshinaga
A 50-year-old woman aware a lump in the right axillary area 5 years ago.She noticed that the lump gradually became bigger, accompanied by redness and gathering of the skin; therefore, she consulted a dermatologist.On receiving the result of skin biopsy, she was referred for a suspected metastatic lesion from breast cancer.The mass was 20mm in diameter, was palpable in the right axillary area, and accompanied by redness of the skin.Ultrasonography revealed 2 irregular-shaped masses in the right axillary area...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Onur İsmi, Cengiz Özcan, Gürbüz Polat, Seval Kul, Kemal Görür, Tuğçe Pütürgeli
Objective: Nasal Polyp (NP) is a benign mass of the paranasal sinuses that protrudes into the nasal cavity. The exact underlying pathogenesis is not known. In this study we aimed to determine the genetic susceptibility of NP formation in relation to TNF-α-308 and IL-1β-511 promoter region gene polymorphisms. Methods: A total of 71 patients with NP with asthma (n=21) or without asthma (n=50) were taken as the study group, and 91 healthy volunteers were taken as the control group...
June 2017: Turkish Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Marta Rojek, Marek Rajzer, Wiktoria Wojciechowska, Jerzy Gąsowski, Tomasz Pizoń, Danuta Czarnecka
Left atrial enlargement (LAE) is a risk factor for cardiovascular complications and death. In hypertensive patients, LAE is usually due to left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction. We aimed to identify factors associated with LAE in patients with increased and normal left ventricular mass index (LVMI) with reference to pulsatile and steady components of blood pressure (BP).The study was carried out as a cross-sectional observation. In a group of inhabitants of suburban area of Cracow, Poland, we measured office, ambulatory and central BP, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), as well as echocardiographic indices and gathered anthropometric data, information on habits and relevant medical history...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Li Li, Kristin R McKenna, Zhao Li, Mahipal Yadav, Ramanarayanan Krishnamurthy, Charles L Liotta, Facundo M Fernández
Identifying small sugar isomers can be challenging by ion mobility-mass spectrometry (IM-MS) alone due to their small collision cross section differences. Herein, we report IM-MS results for multi-site, covalent carbohydrate derivatization with 3-carboxy-5-nitrophenylboronic acid (3C5NBA). Following reaction in aqueous solutions at room temperature, 3C5NBA reacts with each mono- or disaccharide molecule to yield products that each have a distinguishable mobility signature. The reaction was rapid and resulted in the detection of products within 5 min after 3C5NBA was mixed with the analyte...
January 25, 2018: Analyst
Abdulrahman A Al-Mohaimeed, Abeer Abuzeid Atta Elmannan
BACKGROUND: Obesity has become a global health threat. Saudi Arabia ranks among the countries with high obesity and overweight rates. This study aims to explore experiences of Saudi people with overweight or obesity with a particular focus on the perceived barriers and motivators to weight loss. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used a qualitative approach to recruiting a purposive sample using maximum variation sampling technique. Those who had previously attempted weight loss at least once were included in the study...
December 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
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