keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Biomedical science

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529358/how-do-psychiatrists-in-india-construct-their-professional-identity-a-critical-literature-review
#1
Clement Bayetti, Sushrut Jadhav, Smita N Deshpande
Psychiatric practice in India is marked by an increasing gulf between largely urban-based mental health professionals and a majority rural population. Based on the premise that any engagement is a mutually constructed humane process, an understanding of the culture of psychiatry including social process of local knowledge acquisition by trainee psychiatrists is critical. This paper reviews existing literature on training of psychiatrists in India, the cultural construction of their professional identities and autobiographical reflections...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527412/early-stage-detection-of-ve-cadherin-during-endothelial-differentiation-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-using-spr-biosensor
#2
Farzaneh Fathi, Aysa Rezabakhsh, Reza Rahbarghazi, Mohammad-Reza Rashidi
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensors are most commonly applied for real-time dynamic analysis and measurement of interactions in bio-molecular studies and cell-surface analysis without the need for labeling processes. Up to present, SPR application in stem cell biology and biomedical sciences was underused. Herein, a very simple and sensitive method was developed to evaluate human mesenchymal stem cells trans-differentiation to endothelial lineage of over a period of 14 days based on VE-cadherin biomarker...
May 10, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527235/implementing-the-icf-in-occupational-health-building-a-curriculum-as-an-exemplary-case
#3
C P M de Brouwer, L G P M van Amelsvoort, Y F Heerkens, G A M Widdershoven, I J Kant
BACKGROUND: This paper addresses the need for a paradigm shift from post-diagnosis tertiary care towards maintenance and promotion of health across the lifespan, for healthcare in general and in occupational healthcare specifically. It is based on the assumption that the realization of this paradigm shift may be facilitated by teaching (future) occupational health professionals to use the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). OBJECTIVE: Describing the development of a an ICF based occupational health curriculum...
May 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525935/design-synthesis-and-characterization-of-doped-titanium-oxide-nanomaterials-with-environmental-and-angiogenic-applications
#4
Susheel Kumar Nethi, Neeraja Aparna Anand P, Beatriz Rico-Oller, Antonio Rodríguez-Diéguez, Santiago Gómez-Ruiz, Chitta Ranjan Patra
Since the last decade, the metal composite nanostructures have evolved as promising candidates in regard to their wide applications in the fields of science and engineering. Recently, several investigators identified the titanium based nanomaterials as excellent agents for multifunctional environmental and biomedical applications. In this perspective, we have developed a series of zinc-doped (2 and 5%) titanium oxide-based nanomaterials using various reaction conditions and calcination temperatures (TZ1-TZ3: calcined at 500°C, TZ4-TZ6: calcined at 600°C and TZ7-TZ9: calcined at 700°C)...
May 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525526/critical-analysis-of-the-council-for-international-organizations-of-medical-sciences-2016-international-guidelines-for-health-related-research-involving-humans
#5
REVIEW
Miguel Hugo Kottow Lang
This paper presents a preliminary discussion of the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS), recently issued “International Ethical Guidelines for Health-related Research Involving Humans” (2016) that acknowledges the document’s declared concern of the protection of human subjects and awareness of their needs and interests in “low-resource settings”. Nevertheless, guideline recommendations present exceptional situations –vulnerability, mental incompetence- wherein voluntary and consented participation may be reduced or omitted under three concurrent conditions: compelling scientific value, the need to include persons that will not benefit directly from participation, exposure to minimal or slight risks...
May 15, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524030/-preventive-effect-of-vitamin-b-supplementation-on-recurrent-stroke-a-meta-analysis
#6
Guining Dai, Hongzhen Du, Hongmin Wang, Yujia Wei, Ying Xie, Zengning Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether Vitamin B supplementation could prevent ischemic stroke recurrence. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) observing Vitamin B supplementation in patients with stroke was performed in databases including ScienceDirect, PubMed/Medline, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Data-Base, Wanfang Database, and VIP Chinese Science and Technology Journal Database to find related studies in English or Chinese published before August 2016...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523744/bioinspired-ultratough-hydrogel-with-fast-recovery-self-healing-injectability-and-cytocompatibility
#7
Sara Azevedo, Ana M S Costa, Amanda Andersen, Insung S Choi, Henrik Birkedal, João F Mano
Inspired by the mussel byssus adhesiveness, a highly hydrated polymeric structure is designed to combine, for the first time, a set of interesting features for load-bearing purposes. These characteristics include: i) a compressive strength and stiffness in the MPa range, ii) toughness and the ability to recover it upon successive cyclic loading, iii) the ability to quickly self-heal upon rupture, iv) the possibility of administration through minimally invasive techniques, such as by injection, v) the swelling ratio being adjusted to space-filling applications, and vi) cytocompatibility...
May 19, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522405/challenges-and-opportunities-for-the-development-of-new-antipsychotic-drugs
#8
REVIEW
Carlos Forray, Raimund Buller
In spite of the significant impact that the serendipitous discovery of drugs with antipsychotic properties had on the care of patients with psychotic disorders, there are significant challenges when aiming at therapeutic goals such as remission, recovery, improved health-related quality of life and functioning. The efficacy and effectiveness of existing antipsychotic drugs fail to address the full spectrum of symptoms and functional deficits that currently prevent patients with psychotic disorders from achieving fulfilling lives...
May 15, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515573/problematisations-of-complexity-on-the-notion-and-production-of-diverse-complexities-in-healthcare-interventions-and-evaluations
#9
Tineke Broer, Roland Bal, Martyn Pickersgill
Within the literature on the evaluation of health (policy) interventions, complexity is a much-debated issue. In particular, many claim that so-called 'complex interventions' pose different challenges to evaluation studies than apparently 'simple interventions' do. Distinct ways of doing evaluation entail particular ontologies and epistemologies of complexity. They differ in terms of whether they define complexity as a quantitative trait of interventions, whether they see evaluation as part of or outside the intervention, and whether complexity can be regarded as an emergent property of the intervention and its evaluation...
April 3, 2017: Science As Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510011/dynamic-light-scattering-a-practical-guide-and-applications-in-biomedical-sciences
#10
REVIEW
Jörg Stetefeld, Sean A McKenna, Trushar R Patel
Dynamic light scattering (DLS), also known as photon correlation spectroscopy (PCS), is a very powerful tool for studying the diffusion behaviour of macromolecules in solution. The diffusion coefficient, and hence the hydrodynamic radii calculated from it, depends on the size and shape of macromolecules. In this review, we provide evidence of the usefulness of DLS to study the homogeneity of proteins, nucleic acids, and complexes of protein-protein or protein-nucleic acid preparations, as well as to study protein-small molecule interactions...
December 2016: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509531/hierarchical-porous-structured-sio2-sno2-nanofibrous-membrane-with-superb-flexibility-for-molecular-filtration
#11
Haoru Shan, Xueqin Wang, Feihao Shi, Jianhua Yan, Jianyong Yu, Bin Ding
The separation and purification of chemical molecules from organic media under harsh chemical environments is of vital importance in the fields such as water treatment, biomedical engineering, and organic recycling. Herein, we report the preparation of a flexible SiO2/SnO2 nanofibrous membrane (SiO2/SnO2 NFM) with high surface area and hierarchical porous structure by selecting poly (vinyl butyral) as pore-forming agent and embedding crystalline phase into amorphous matrix without using surfactant as sacrificial template or special heat treatment...
May 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509358/beware-of-the-predatory-science-journal-a-potential-threat-to-the-integrity-of-medical-research
#12
J Johal, R Ward, J Gielecki, J Walocha, K Natsis, R S Tubbs, M Loukas
The issue of predatory journals has become increasingly more prevalent over the past decade, as the open-access model of publishing has gained prominence. Although the open-access model is well-intentioned to increase accessibility of biomedical research, it is vulnerable to exploitation by those looking to corrupt medical academia and circumvent ethics and research standards. Predatory journals will achieve publication by either soliciting unsuspecting researchers who have legitimate research but fall victim to these predators, or researchers looking to quickly publish their research without a thorough review process...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508788/kalis-an-ehealth-system-for-biomedical-risk-analysis-of-drugs
#13
Alban Shoshi, Ulrich Müller, Arben Shoshi, Venus Ogultarhan, Ralf Hofestädt
BACKGROUND: In Germany, adverse drug reactions and events cause hospitalizations, which lead to numerous thousands of deaths and several million Euros in additional health costs annually. OBJECTIVES: Approximately one in two deaths could be avoided by an appropriate system for risk analysis of drugs. METHODS: The integration and storage of several data sources from life sciences are an ongoing need to address various questions with respect to drug therapy...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508673/ayurvedic-college-education-reifying-biomedicine-and-the-need-for-reflexivity
#14
Maarten Bode, Prasan Shankar
The paper analyses the experiences with government sanctioned Ayurvedic college education of 14 young Ayurvedic doctors working at the Integrative Health Centre in Bangalore, India. Unfamiliarity with Ayurvedic logic and Indian natural philosophies, lack of clinical training and the mixing-up of Ayurvedic and biomedical notions are their main complaints. The 14 young Ayurvedic doctors also missed a convincing perspective on how to integrate Ayurvedic logic, modern scientific knowledge and biomedical diagnostics...
May 16, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506745/applying-nanomedicine-in-maladaptive-inflammation-and-angiogenesis
#15
Amr Alaarg, Carlos Pérez-Medina, Josbert M Metselaar, Matthias Nahrendorf, Zahi A Fayad, Gert Storm, Willem J M Mulder
Inflammation and angiogenesis drive the development and progression of multiple devastating diseases such as atherosclerosis, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and inflammatory bowel disease. Though these diseases have very different phenotypic consequences, they possess several common pathophysiological features in which monocyte recruitment, macrophage polarization, and enhanced vascular permeability play critical roles. Thus, developing rational targeting strategies tailored to the different stages of the journey of monocytes, from bone marrow to local lesions, and their extravasation from the vasculature in diseased tissues will advance nanomedicine...
May 12, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505456/self-polymerization-of-dopamine-in-acidic-environments-without-oxygen
#16
Tung-Po Chen, Tianchi Liu, Tsan-Liang Su, Jun-Feng Liang
An alkaline environment and the presence of oxygen are essential requirements for dopamine polymerization. In this study, we are the first to demonstrate the self-polymerization of dopamine through plasma-activated water (PAW) under acidic environments (pH<5.5). Resulting poly(dopamine) (PDA) were characterized using Nanosizer, SEM, FTIR, UV-vis, and fluorescence spectrophotometers and proved to have similar physical and chemical properties to those polymerized under a basic condition except that the PDA particles formed in PAW were more stable and hardly aggregated at varied pHs...
May 15, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504043/insight-in-psychosis-standards-science-ethics-and-value-judgment
#17
K S Jacob
BACKGROUND: The clinical assessment of insight solely employs biomedical perspectives and criteria to the complete exclusion of context and culture and to the disregard of values and value judgments. AIM: The aim of this discussion article is to examine recent research from India on insight and explanatory models in psychosis and re-examine the framework of assessment, diagnosis and management of insight and explanatory models. METHODS: Recent research from India on insight in psychosis and explanatory models is reviewed...
June 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501646/developing-a-framework-for-digital-objects-in-the-big-data-to-knowledge-bd2k-commons-report-from-the-commons-framework-pilots-workshop
#18
Kathleen M Jagodnik, Simon Koplev, Sherry Jenkins, Lucila Ohno-Machado, Benedict Paten, Stephan C Schurer, Michel Dumontier, Ruben Verborgh, Alex Bui, Peipei Ping, Neil J McKenna, Ravi Madduri, Ajay Pillai, Avi Ma'ayan
The volume and diversity of data in biomedical research has been rapidly increasing in recent years. While such data hold significant promise for accelerating discovery, their use entails many challenges including: the need for adequate computational infrastructure, secure processes for data sharing and access, tools that allow researchers to find and integrate diverse datasets, and standardized methods of analysis. These are just some elements of a complex ecosystem that needs to be built to support the rapid accumulation of these data...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497202/exosomes-and-their-application-in-biomedical-field-difficulties-and-advantages
#19
REVIEW
Jafar Rezaie, Saeed Ajezi, Çığır Biray Avci, Mohammad Karimipour, Mohammad Hossein Geranmayeh, Alireza Nourazarian, Emel Sokullu, Aysa Rezabakhsh, Reza Rahbarghazi
The science of gene therapy has experienced a controversial history. At first, the initial concept that various disorders become curable by gene transferring was very exciting and challengeable. However, the problems and difficulties related to emerging techniques and unwanted side effects seen in some patients who have undergone gene therapy make some questions against the safety of novel molecular medicine approach. In line with this statement, discovery and developing a good bio-vector possessing low toxicity and high efficiency rate are the most important issues in gene therapy field...
May 11, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497060/efficacy-and-safety-of-l-carnitine-treatment-for-chronic-heart-failure-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
REVIEW
Xiaolong Song, Huiyan Qu, Zongguo Yang, Jingfeng Rong, Wan Cai, Hua Zhou
Background. Whether additional benefit can be achieved with the use of L-carnitine (L-C) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) remains controversial. We therefore performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the effects of L-C treatment in CHF patients. Methods. Pubmed, Ovid Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database, Wanfang database, Chinese Biomedical (CBM) database, and Chinese Science and Technology Periodicals database (VIP) until September 30, 2016, were identified...
2017: BioMed Research International
keyword
keyword
79272
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"