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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904626/respect-for-woman-s-decision-making-in-spontaneous-birth-a-thematic-synthesis-study
#1
Firoozeh MirzaeeRabor, Fattaneh Mirzaee, Khadigeh MirzaiiNajmabadi, Ali Taghipour
BACKGROUND: Participation of woman in decision-making processes is one of the key indicators of an appropriate relationship between a woman and the health care professionals. This study aimed to recognize the factors facilitating respect for woman's decision-making in spontaneous birth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper employed a meta-synthesis on articles published in four biomedical databases including MEDLINE, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library. All qualitative studies published after 1990 and directly or indirectly discussing the women's and the health care professional's attitudes toward respect for woman's decision-making in spontaneous birth were searched...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897014/the-training-of-next-generation-data-scientists-in-biomedicine
#2
Lana X Garmire, Stephen Gliske, Quynh C Nguyen, Jonathan H Chen, Shamim Nemati, John D VAN Horn, Jason H Moore, Carol Shreffler, Michelle Dunn
With the booming of new technologies, biomedical science has transformed into digitalized, data intensive science. Massive amount of data need to be analyzed and interpreted, demand a complete pipeline to train next generation data scientists. To meet this need, the transinstitutional Big Data to Knowledge (BD2K) Initiative has been implemented since 2014, complementing other NIH institutional efforts. In this report, we give an overview the BD2K K01 mentored scientist career awards, which have demonstrated early success...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896983/learning-parsimonious-ensembles-for-unbalanced-computational-genomics-problems
#3
Ana Stanescu, Gaurav Pandey
Prediction problems in biomedical sciences are generally quite difficult, partially due to incomplete knowledge of how the phenomenon of interest is influenced by the variables and measurements used for prediction, as well as a lack of consensus regarding the ideal predictor(s) for specific problems. In these situations, a powerful approach to improving prediction performance is to construct ensembles that combine the outputs of many individual base predictors, which have been successful for many biomedical prediction tasks...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896968/exploring-the-reproducibility-of-probabilistic-causal-molecular-network-models
#4
Ariella Cohain, Aparna A Divaraniya, Kuixi Zhu, Joseph R Scarpa, Andrew Kasarskis, Jun Zhu, Rui Chang, Joel T Dudley, Eric E Schadt
Network reconstruction algorithms are increasingly being employed in biomedical and life sciences research to integrate large-scale, high-dimensional data informing on living systems. One particular class of probabilistic causal networks being applied to model the complexity and causal structure of biological data is Bayesian networks (BNs). BNs provide an elegant mathematical framework for not only inferring causal relationships among many different molecular and higher order phenotypes, but also for incorporating highly diverse priors that provide an efficient path for incorporating existing knowledge...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896967/methods-to-ensure-the-reproducibility-of-biomedical-research
#5
Konrad J Karczewski, Nicholas P Tatonetti, Arjun K Manrai, Chirag J Patel, C Titus Brown, John P A Ioannidis
Science is not done in a vacuum - across fields of biomedicine, scientists have built on previous research and used data published in previous papers. A mainstay of scientific inquiry is the publication of one's research and recognition for this work is given in the form of citations and notoriety - ideally given in proportion to the quality of the work. Academic incentives, however, may encourage individual researchers to prioritize career ambitions over scientific truth. Recently, the New England Journal of Medicine published a commentary calling scientists who repurpose data "research parasites" who misuse data generated by others to demonstrate alternative hypotheses...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891315/awareness-about-biomedical-waste-management-and-knowledge-of-effective-recycling-of-dental-materials-among-dental-students
#6
Rajeev Ranjan, Ruchi Pathak, Dhirendra K Singh, Md Jalaluddin, Shobha A Kore, Abhijeet R Kore
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Biomedical waste management has become a concern with increasing number of dental practitioners in India. Being health care professionals, dentists should be aware regarding safe disposal of biomedical waste and recycling of dental materials to minimize biohazards to the environment. The aim of the present study was to assess awareness regarding biomedical waste management as well as knowledge of effective recycling and reuse of dental materials among dental students...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891195/reflections-on-a-giant-of-brain-science-how-lucky-we-are-having-walter-j-freeman-as-our-beacon-in-cognitive-neurodynamics-research
#7
REVIEW
Robert Kozma
Walter J. Freeman was a giant of the field of neuroscience whose visionary work contributed various experimental and theoretical breakthroughs to brain research in the past 60 years. He has pioneered a number of Electroencephalogram and Electrocorticogram tools and approaches that shaped the field, while "Freeman Neurodynamics" is a theoretical concept that is widely known, used, and respected among neuroscientists all over the world. His recent death is a profound loss to neuroscience and biomedical engineering...
December 2016: Cognitive Neurodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889919/human-anatomy-nomenclature-rules-for-the-computer-age
#8
Paul E Neumann, Robert Baud, Pierre Sprumont
Information systems are increasing in importance in biomedical sciences and medical practice. The nomenclature rules of human anatomy were reviewed for adequacy with respect to modern needs. New rules are proposed here to ensure that each Latin term is uniquely associated with an anatomical entity, as short and simple as possible, and machine-interpretable. Observance of these recommendations will also benefit students and translators of the Latin terms into other languages. Clin. Anat., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888231/text-mining-resources-for-the-life-sciences
#9
REVIEW
Piotr Przybyła, Matthew Shardlow, Sophie Aubin, Robert Bossy, Richard Eckart de Castilho, Stelios Piperidis, John McNaught, Sophia Ananiadou
Text mining is a powerful technology for quickly distilling key information from vast quantities of biomedical literature. However, to harness this power the researcher must be well versed in the availability, suitability, adaptability, interoperability and comparative accuracy of current text mining resources. In this survey, we give an overview of the text mining resources that exist in the life sciences to help researchers, especially those employed in biocuration, to engage with text mining in their own work...
2016: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885638/when-will-biomedical-research-enter-the-21-st-century-a-young-perspective
#10
Juan M Pericàs, David Nicolás
During recent years, disaffection with the state of things has triggered a series of social and political protests in Western countries. As young researchers, we are contemporaries to events that have returned concepts such as "equity", "accountability" or "participation" to central stage. Rudolph Virchow, who became the father of pathology by age 25, stated: "medicine is a social science and politics is nothing else but medicine on a large scale" (1). Although medicine has pioneered social and scientific change since the 20th century turned to its end, biomedical research has also shown backwardness in a number of issues...
November 25, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885190/-design-of-mechanobio-materials-for-cell-manipulation-and-its-application-for-stem-cell-manipulation
#11
Satoru Kidoaki
Recently, control of mechanobiologic response of cells has been a strong attractive issue for biomaterials sciences in relation to the requirements for optimization of cell-materials interactions. In this mini-review, we survey the typical parameters for designing the biomaterials to manipulate cell mechanobiology, i.e., mechanobio-materials. In addition, from the view of regenerative biomedical engineering, we introduce our recent approaches on the development of mechanobio-materials for stem cell manipulation that ensures the high-qualified stemness...
2016: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885035/science-fiction-and-the-medical-humanities
#12
Gavin Miller, Anna McFarlane
Research on science fiction within the medical humanities should articulate interpretative frameworks that do justice to medical themes within the genre. This means challenging modes of reading that encourage unduly narrow accounts of science fiction. Admittedly, science studies has moved away from reading science fiction as a variety of scientific popularisation and instead understands science fiction as an intervention in the technoscientific imaginary that calls for investment in particular scientific enterprises, including various biomedical technologies...
December 2016: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881428/genome-transcriptome-and-proteome-the-rise-of-omics-data-and-their-integration-in-biomedical-sciences
#13
Claudia Manzoni, Demis A Kia, Jana Vandrovcova, John Hardy, Nicholas W Wood, Patrick A Lewis, Raffaele Ferrari
Advances in the technologies and informatics used to generate and process large biological data sets (omics data) are promoting a critical shift in the study of biomedical sciences. While genomics, transcriptomics and proteinomics, coupled with bioinformatics and biostatistics, are gaining momentum, they are still, for the most part, assessed individually with distinct approaches generating monothematic rather than integrated knowledge. As other areas of biomedical sciences, including metabolomics, epigenomics and pharmacogenomics, are moving towards the omics scale, we are witnessing the rise of inter-disciplinary data integration strategies to support a better understanding of biological systems and eventually the development of successful precision medicine...
November 22, 2016: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881093/continuous-quality-improvement-in-nephrology-a-systematic-review
#14
Julie Wright Nunes, F Jacob Seagull, Panduranga Rao, Jonathan H Segal, Nandita S Mani, Michael Heung
BACKGROUND: Continuous quality improvement (CQI) has been successfully applied in business and engineering for over 60 years. While using CQI techniques within nephrology has received increased attention, little is known about where, and with what measure of success, CQI can be attributed to improving outcomes within nephrology care. This is particularly important as payors' focus on value-based healthcare and reimbursement is tied to achieving quality improvement thresholds. We conducted a systematic review of CQI applications in nephrology...
November 24, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876601/bioapplications-of-graphene-constructed-functional-nanomaterials
#15
REVIEW
Arif Gulzar, Piaoping Yang, Fei He, Jiating Xu, Dan Yang, Liangge Xu, Mohammad Omar Jan
Graphene has distinctive mechanical, electronic, and optical properties, which researchers have applied to develop innovative electronic materials including transparent conductors and ultrafast transistors. Lately, the understanding of various chemical properties of graphene has expedited its application in high-performance devices that generate and store energy. Graphene is now increasing its terrain outside electronic and chemical applications toward biomedical areas such as precise bio sensing through graphene-quenched fluorescence, graphene-enhanced cell differentiation and growth, and graphene-assisted laser desorption/ionization for mass spectrometry...
November 19, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875654/biological-risks-to-public-health-lessons-from-an-international-conference-to-inform-the-development-of-national-risk-communication-strategies
#16
Petra Dickmann, Aphaluck Bhatiasevi, Fadela Chaib, Ombretta Baggio, Christina Banluta, Lilian Hollenweger, Abderrahmane Maaroufi
Biological risk management in public health focuses on the impact of outbreaks on health, the economy, and other systems and on ensuring biosafety and biosecurity. To address this broad range of risks, the International Health Regulations (IHR, 2005) request that all member states build defined core capacities, risk communication being one of them. While there is existing guidance on the communication process and on what health authorities need to consider to design risk communication strategies that meet the requirements on a governance level, little has been done on implementation because of a number of factors, including lack of resources (human, financial, and others) and systems to support effective and consistent capacity for risk communication...
November 22, 2016: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875322/tree-based-quantitative-trait-mapping-in-the-presence-of-external-covariates
#17
Katherine L Thompson, Catherine R Linnen, Laura Kubatko
A central goal in biological and biomedical sciences is to identify the molecular basis of variation in morphological and behavioral traits. Over the last decade, improvements in sequencing technologies coupled with the active development of association mapping methods have made it possible to link single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and quantitative traits. However, a major limitation of existing methods is that they are often unable to consider complex, but biologically-realistic, scenarios. Previous work showed that association mapping method performance can be improved by using the evolutionary history within each SNP to estimate the covariance structure among randomly-sampled individuals...
December 1, 2016: Statistical Applications in Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873139/when-marcel-mauss-s-essai-sur-le-don-becomes-the-gift-variations-on-the-theme-of-solidarity
#18
Simone Bateman
Since the early 1970s, Marcel Mauss's Essai sur le Don (1923), translated into English as The Gift in 1954, has been a standard reference in the social science and bioethical literature on the use of human body parts and substances for medical and research purposes. At that time, three social scientists-political scientist Richard Titmuss in the United Kingdom and sociologist Renée C. Fox working with historian Judith Swazey in the United States-had the idea of using this concept to highlight the fundamental structure of the biomedical practices they were studying, respectively, blood donation, and hemodialysis and organ transplantation...
November 21, 2016: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872845/recent-nanotechnology-approaches-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-biofilm-associated-infections-on-medical-devices
#19
REVIEW
Mohankandhasamy Ramasamy, Jintae Lee
Bacterial colonization in the form of biofilms on surfaces causes persistent infections and is an issue of considerable concern to healthcare providers. There is an urgent need for novel antimicrobial or antibiofilm surfaces and biomedical devices that provide protection against biofilm formation and planktonic pathogens, including antibiotic resistant strains. In this context, recent developments in the material science and engineering fields and steady progress in the nanotechnology field have created opportunities to design new biomaterials and surfaces with anti-infective, antifouling, bactericidal, and antibiofilm properties...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869873/-scientific-editors-in-italy-identity-certification-and-roles
#20
Paola De Castro, Federica Napolitani, Elisabetta Poltronieri, Anna Maria Rossi
This study is developed as part of the activities of the Italian Chapter of the European Association of Science Editors (EASE) with the aim to provide an overview of the Italian scientific publishing in biomedicine and highlight the need for professional training and certification. Even at European and international level, in fact, there is a general lack of training and accreditation programs for the certification of professional editors. After defining the editor's role (term that in the Italian language has a certain degree of ambiguity) and the different professionals involved in the publication process, the paper analyzes the biomedical production in Italy, reporting the results of a survey on professional associations, institutions, scientific societies, and others...
November 2016: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
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