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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321866/bridging-worlds-participatory-thinking-in-jungian-context
#1
Robin S Brown
Introducing the 'participatory' paradigm associated with the work of transpersonalists Richard Tarnas and Jorge Ferrer, the author outlines an approach to Jung's archetypal thinking that might offer a more adequate basis in which to ground a non-reductive approach to practice. In order to demonstrate the relevance of this outlook at the present time, the author begins by examining recent debates concerning the nature of 'truth' in the clinical setting. Reflecting on the difficulties analysts face in attempting to maintain professional authority without falling into an implicit authoritarianism, it is argued that any approach to therapy seeking to orient itself towards 'the unconscious' must posit the challenges of pluralism as a central concern for practice...
April 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292636/who-we-are-and-what-we-can-become-an-analysis-of-professional-identity-formation-in-ir
#2
Eric J Keller, Katherine A McGee, Scott A Resnick, Scott O Trerotola, Karim Valji, Matthew S Johnson, Jeremy D Collins, Robert L Vogelzang
PURPOSE: To characterize the unique experiences, values, and perspectives of interventional radiology (IR) fellows. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen fellows from 4 US vascular and IR programs were interviewed within 2 months of beginning and 2-3 months following their 2015-2016 fellowships about patient interactions, training experiences, and views of IR and other specialties. Interviews were systematically analyzed for dominant themes by using constructivist grounded theory...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280948/-wear-some-thick-socks-if-you-walk-in-my-shoes-agency-resilience-and-well-being-in-communities-of-north-american-sex-workers
#3
Theodore R Burnes, Elizabeth M Rojas, Irena Delgado, Tianna E Watkins
Using a participatory action research (PAR) paradigm, this study investigated how 35 individuals involved in the sex work industry exemplified aspects of agency and intentional well-being under harsh work environments. Using PAR and qualitative research, sex workers were asked to identify research questions and help to design a study investigating the relationship between well-being and sex worker agency. Participants in the study each completed one semi-structured individual interview to share their experiences in the sex work industry...
March 9, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272909/identifying-common-values-among-seven-health-professions-an-interprofessional-analysis
#4
Sandra Grace, Ev Innes, Beverly Joffe, Leah East, Rosanne Coutts, Susan Nancarrow
This article reviews the competency frameworks of seven Australian health professions to explore relationships among health professions of similar status as reflected in their competency frameworks and to identify common themes and values across the professions. Frameworks were compared using a constructivist grounded theory approach to identify key themes, against which individual competencies for each profession were mapped and compared. The themes were examined for underlying values and a higher order theoretical framework was developed...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271392/labelling-of-mental-illness-in-a%C3%A2-paediatric-emergency-department-and-its-implications-for-stigma-reduction-education
#5
Javeed Sukhera, Kristina Miller, Alexandra Milne, Christina Scerbo, Rodrick Lim, Alicia Cooper, Chris Watling
INTRODUCTION: Stigmatizing attitudes and behaviours towards patients with mental illness have negative consequences on their health. Despite research regarding educational and social contact-based interventions to reduce stigma, there are limitations to the success of these interventions for individuals with deeply held stigmatizing beliefs. Our study sought to better understand the process of implicit mental illness stigma in the setting of a paediatric emergency department to inform the design of future educational interventions...
March 7, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262086/interconnection-a-qualitative-analysis-of-adjusting-to-living-with-renal-cell-carcinoma
#6
Isabel Leal, Kathrin Milbury, Joan Engebretson, Surena Matin, Eric Jonasch, Nizar Tannir, Christopher G Wood, Lorenzo Cohen
OBJECTIVE: Adjusting to cancer is an ongoing process, yet few studies explore this adjustment from a qualitative perspective. The aim of our qualitative study was to understand how patients construct their experience of adjusting to living with cancer. METHOD: Qualitative analysis was conducted of written narratives collected from four separate writing sessions as part of a larger expressive writing clinical trial with renal cell carcinoma patients. Thematic analysis and constant comparison were employed to code the primary patterns in the data into themes until thematic saturation was reached at 37 participants...
March 6, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259745/low-income-urban-mothers-experiences-with-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program
#7
Sarah Robbins, Anna K Ettinger, Carolyn Keefe, Anne Riley, Pamela J Surkan
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity remains a public health concern in the United States, particularly among low-income urban ethnically diverse families, even with the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Limited phenomenologic data exist to capture how programmatic changes to SNAP address the needs of users and why a gap in SNAP use may exist. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to examine the experiences of low-income, Baltimore, MD, mothers in applying for and maintaining access to SNAP...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253874/enabling-the-flow-of-compassionate-care-a-grounded-theory-study
#8
Stephanie Tierney, Kate Seers, Elizabeth Tutton, Joanne Reeve
BACKGROUND: Compassion has become a topic of increasing interest within healthcare over recent years. Yet despite its raised profile, little research has investigated how compassionate care is enacted and what it means to healthcare professionals (HCPs). In a grounded theory study, we aimed to explore this topic from the perspective of people working with patients with type 2 diabetes - a long-term condition that involves repeated interactions with HCPs. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews and focus groups were conducted between May and October 2015 with 36 participants, selected from a range of roles within healthcare...
March 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251675/intentional-partnering-a-grounded-theory-study-on-developing-effective-partnerships-among-nurse-and-physician-managers-as-they-co-lead-in-an-evolving-healthcare-system
#9
Christina Clausen, Melanie Lavoie-Tremblay, Margaret Purden, Lise Lamothe, Helene Ezer, Lynne Mcvey
AIM: To describe the process of how nurse and physician managers in formalized dyads work together to address clinical management issues in the surgical division of one hospital setting. BACKGROUND: Nurse and physician managers are uniquely positioned to co-lead and transform healthcare delivery. However, little is known about how this management dyad functions in the healthcare setting DESIGN: A constructivist grounded theory approach was used to investigate the process of how nurse and physician managers work together in formalized dyads in an urban Canadian university affiliated teaching hospital...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247495/staging-a-performance-learners-perceptions-about-direct-observation-during-residency
#10
Kori A LaDonna, Rose Hatala, Lorelei Lingard, Stephane Voyer, Christopher Watling
CONTEXT: Evidence strongly supports that direct observation is a valid and reliable assessment tool; support for its impact on learning is less compelling, and we know that some learners are ambivalent about being observed. However, learners' perceptions about the impact of direct observation on their learning and professional development remain underexplored. To promote learning, we need to understand what makes direct observation valuable for learners. METHODS: Informed by constructivist grounded theory, we interviewed 22 learners about their observation experiences...
February 28, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243463/use-of-empathy-in-psychiatric-practice-constructivist-grounded-theory-study
#11
James Ross, Chris Watling
BACKGROUND: Psychiatry has faced significant criticism for overreliance on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and medications with purported disregard for empathetic, humanistic interventions. AIMS: To develop an empirically based qualitative theory explaining how psychiatrists use empathy in day-to-day practice, to inform practice and teaching approaches. METHOD: This study used constructivist grounded theory methodology to ask (a) 'How do psychiatrists understand and use empathetic engagement in the day-to-day practice of psychiatry?' and (b) 'How do psychiatrists learn and teach the skills of empathetic engagement?' The authors interviewed 17 academic psychiatrists and 4 residents and developed a theory by iterative coding of the collected data...
January 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231633/barriers-to-regaining-control-within-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-of-family-resilience-in-icu-living-with-uncertainty
#12
Pauline Wong, Pranee Liamputtong, Susan Koch, Helen Rawson
This paper discusses families' experiences of their interactions when a relative is admitted unexpectedly to an Australian intensive care unit BACKGROUND: The overwhelming emotions associated with the unexpected admission of a relative to an intensive care unit (ICU) are often due to the uncertainty surrounding the condition of their critically ill relative. There is limited in-depth understanding of the nature of uncertainty experienced by families in ICU, and interventions perceived by families to minimise their uncertainty are not well documented...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220518/describing-student-performance-a-comparison-among-clinical-preceptors-across-cultural-contexts
#13
Kerry Wilbur, Noha Hassaballa, Omaima S Mahmood, Emily K Black
CONTEXT: Health professional student evaluation during experiential training is notably subjective and assessor judgements may be affected by socio-cultural influences. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore how clinical preceptors in pharmacy conceptualise varying levels of student performance and to identify any contextual differences that may exist across different countries. METHODS: The qualitative research design employed semi-structured interviews...
February 20, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213153/critical-thinking-instruction-and-technology-enhanced-learning-from-the-student-perspective-a-mixed-methods-research-study
#14
Ruth Swart
Critical thinking is acclaimed as a valuable asset for graduates from higher education programs. Technology has advanced in quantity and quality; recognized as a requirement of 21st century learners. A mixed methods research study was undertaken, examining undergraduate nursing student engagement with critical thinking instruction, platformed on two technology-enhanced learning environments: a classroom response system face-to-face in-class and an online discussion forum out-of-class. The Community of Inquiry framed the study capturing constructivist collaborative inquiry to support learning, and facilitate critical thinking capability...
February 4, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207165/birth-order-and-preschool-children-s-cooperative-abilities-a-within-family-analysis
#15
Heather Prime, André Plamondon, Jennifer M Jenkins
There is evidence for a laterborn sibling advantage in some social skills, although this has not been investigated in children's early capacities for cooperation. Using a within-family design, this study compared firstborn and laterborn (i.e., middle and youngest) siblings on their cooperative abilities when they were aged around 3 years. Further, the study investigated whether the association between children's birth order and cooperative abilities was dependent on the prosocial behaviour of other siblings in the home...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186951/incentives-and-disincentives-for-treating-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-ontario-family-health-teams-protocol-for-a-grounded-theory-study
#16
Rachelle Ashcroft, Matthew Menear, Jose Silveira, Simone Dahrouge, Kwame McKenzie
INTRODUCTION: There is strong consensus that prevention and management of common mental disorders (CMDs) should occur in primary care and evidence suggests that treatment of CMDs in these settings can be effective. New interprofessional team-based models of primary care have emerged that are intended to address problems of quality and access to mental health services, yet many people continue to struggle to access care for CMDs in these settings. Insufficient attention directed towards the incentives and disincentives that influence care for CMDs in primary care, and especially in interprofessional team-based settings, may have resulted in missed opportunities to improve care quality and control healthcare costs...
November 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178920/learning-health-safety-within-non-technical-skills-interprofessional-simulation-education-a-qualitative-study
#17
Morris Gordon, Christopher W R Fell, Helen Box, Michael Farrell, Alison Stewart
BACKGROUND: Healthcare increasingly recognises and focusses on the phenomena of 'safe practice' and 'patient safety.' Success with non-technical skills (NTS) training in other industries has led to widespread transposition to healthcare education, with communication and teamwork skills central to NTS frameworks. OBJECTIVE: This study set out to identify how the context of interprofessional simulation learning influences NTS acquisition and development of 'safety' amongst learners...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166826/socio-ecological-dynamics-and-challenges-to-the-governance-of-neglected-tropical-disease-control
#18
REVIEW
Edwin Michael, Shirin Madon
The current global attempts to control the so-called "Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs)" have the potential to significantly reduce the morbidity suffered by some of the world's poorest communities. However, the governance of these control programmes is driven by a managerial rationality that assumes predictability of proposed interventions, and which thus primarily seeks to improve the cost-effectiveness of implementation by measuring performance in terms of pre-determined outputs. Here, we argue that this approach has reinforced the narrow normal-science model for controlling parasitic diseases, and in doing so fails to address the complex dynamics, uncertainty and socio-ecological context-specificity that invariably underlie parasite transmission...
February 6, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161673/adapting-public-policy-theory-for-public-health-research-a-framework-to-understand-the-development-of-national-policies-on-global-health
#19
Catherine M Jones, Carole Clavier, Louise Potvin
National policies on global health appear as one way that actors from health, development and foreign affairs sectors in a country coordinate state action on global health. Next to a burgeoning literature in which international relations and global governance theories are employed to understand global health policy and global health diplomacy at the international level, little is known about policy processes for global health at the national scale. We propose a framework of the policy process to understand how such policies are developed, and we identify challenges for public health researchers integrating conceptual tools from political science...
January 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155004/stakeholder-perspectives-on-workplace-based-performance-assessment-towards-a-better-understanding-of-assessor-behaviour
#20
Laury P J W M de Jonge, Angelique A Timmerman, Marjan J B Govaerts, Jean W M Muris, Arno M M Muijtjens, Anneke W M Kramer, Cees P M van der Vleuten
Workplace-Based Assessment (WBA) plays a pivotal role in present-day competency-based medical curricula. Validity in WBA mainly depends on how stakeholders (e.g. clinical supervisors and learners) use the assessments-rather than on the intrinsic qualities of instruments and methods. Current research on assessment in clinical contexts seems to imply that variable behaviours during performance assessment of both assessors and learners may well reflect their respective beliefs and perspectives towards WBA. We therefore performed a Q methodological study to explore perspectives underlying stakeholders' behaviours in WBA in a postgraduate medical training program...
February 2, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
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