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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937447/community-general-pediatricians-perspectives-on-providing-autism-diagnoses-in-ontario-canada-a-qualitative-study
#1
Melanie Penner, Gillian A King, Laura Hartman, Evdokia Anagnostou, Michelle Shouldice, Charlotte Moore Hepburn
OBJECTIVE: Community general pediatricians (CGPs) are a potential resource to increase capacity for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnostic assessments. The objective of this study was to explore factors influencing CGPs' perspectives on and practices of providing ASD diagnoses. METHODS: This qualitative study used a constructivist modified grounded theory approach. Participants included CGPs who had attended ASD educational events or had referred a child with suspected ASD to a tertiary rehabilitation center...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922988/erognomic-education-on-housework-for-women-with-upper-limb-repetitive-strain-injury-rsi-a-conceptual-representation-of-therapists-clinical-reasoning
#2
Therma W C Cheung, Lindy Clemson, Kate O' Loughlin, Russell Shuttleworth
BACKGROUND: Ergonomic education in housework that aims to facilitate behavior change is important for women with upper limb repetitive strain injury. Therapists usually conduct such programs based on implicit reasoning. Making this reasoning explicit is important in contributing to the profession's knowledge. AIM: To construct a conceptual representation of how occupational therapists make clinical decisions for such program. METHOD: Based on a constructivist-grounded theory methodology, data were collected through in-depth interviewing with 14 occupational therapists from a major hospital in Singapore...
September 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894428/an-integrative-perspective-on-interpersonal-coordination-in-interactive-team-sports
#3
Silvan Steiner, Anne-Claire Macquet, Roland Seiler
Interpersonal coordination is a key factor in team performance. In interactive team sports, the limited predictability of a constantly changing context makes coordination challenging. Approaches that highlight the support provided by environmental information and theories of shared mental models provide potential explanations of how interpersonal coordination can nonetheless be established. In this article, we first outline the main assumptions of these approaches and consider criticisms that have been raised with regard to each...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891086/patients-perceptions-and-experiences-of-patient-centred-care-in-dietetic-consultations
#4
I Sladdin, W Chaboyer, L Ball
BACKGROUND: Patient-centred care (PCC) is essential to quality healthcare. However, there is a paucity of research on PCC in dietetics, particularly regarding patients' experiences and perspectives of PCC. We aimed to enhance our understanding of PCC in dietetics by exploring patients' perceptions and experiences of PCC in individual dietetic consultations. METHODS: The present study used qualitative methods, situated in a constructivist-interpretivist paradigm...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889043/photovoicing-the-neighbourhood-understanding-the-situated-meaning-of-intangible-places-for-ageing-in-place
#5
Susan van Hees, Klasien Horstman, Maria Jansen, Dirk Ruwaard
Ageing-in-place is considered important for the health of older adults. In this paper, inspired by a constructivist approach to ageing-in-place, we unravel professionals' and older adults' constructions of ageing-in-place. Their perspectives are studied in relation to a policy that aims to develop so-called 'lifecycle-robust neighbourhoods' in the southern part of the Netherlands. We conducted a photovoice study in which 18 older adults (70-85 years) living independently and 14 professionals (social workers, housing consultants, neighbourhood managers and community workers) were asked to photograph and discuss the places they consider important for ageing-in-place...
September 7, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881437/older-people-s-experiences-of-nurse-patient-telephone-communication-in-the-primary-health-care-setting
#6
Susan Waterworth, Deborah Raphael, John Parsons, Bruce Arroll, Merryn Gott
AIM: To determine which aspects of primary nurse-patient telephone communication are viewed positively or negatively in terms of meeting the older persons' needs. BACKGROUND: Health professionals are increasingly being called on to develop different ways of working and increase their capacity to meet the needs of an ageing population. In some countries telephone communication between primary nurses and patients in General Practice is already seen as a routine practice, but determining the value of this type of communication as a specific health service needs more understanding...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876202/implementation-of-an-interprofessional-communication-and-collaboration-intervention-to-improve-care-capacity-for-heart-failure-management-in-long-term-care
#7
Veronique M Boscart, George A Heckman, Kelsey Huson, Lisa Brohman, Karen I Harkness, John Hirdes, Robert S McKelvie, Paul Stolee
Heart failure affects up to 20% of nursing home residents and is associated with high morbidity, mortality, and transfers to acute care. A major barrier to heart failure management in nursing home settings is limited interprofessional communication. Guideline-based heart failure management programs in nursing homes can reduce hospitalisation rates, though sustainability is limited when interprofessional communication is not addressed. A pilot intervention, 'Enhancing Knowledge and Interprofessional Care for Heart Failure', was implemented on two units in two conveniently selected nursing homes to optimise interprofessional care processes amongst the care team...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858973/an-evolutionary-route-for-the-moral-development-of-nursing-students-a-constructivist-grounded-theory
#8
Hadi Ranjbar, Soodabeh Joolaee, Abouali Vedadhir, Abbass Abbasszadeh, Colleen Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Developing moral competency is a main aim of educational systems, especially in healthcare-related disciplines. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the moral development process in nursing students. METHODS: This study used a constructivist grounded theory. Twenty-five semistructured, face-to-face interview with 22 participants were conducted to gather the data. The participants were nursing students and educators attending three nursing schools in Tehran...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853323/-the-individual-at-the-centre-a-grounded-theory-explaining-how-sport-clubs-retain-young-adults
#9
Eva-Carin Lindgren, Claes Annerstedt, John Dohsten
PURPOSE: There is still a lack of knowledge regarding which social processes occur in sport clubs and what factors influence young adults to want to remain in a sport club context. Thus, the purpose of this study was to construct a grounded theory (GT) explaining how sport clubs can retain their young adults. METHOD: The study uses an intersectional approach. In line with constructivist GT methodology, data from 14 focus-group interviews (27 coaches and 28 young adults) were collected and analysed using a constant comparative method...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844728/brain-areas-associated-with-numbers-and-calculations-in-children-meta-analyses-of-fmri-studies
#10
Marie Arsalidou, Matthew Pawliw-Levac, Mahsa Sadeghi, Juan Pascual-Leone
Children use numbers every day and typically receive formal mathematical training from an early age, as it is a main subject in school curricula. Despite an increase in children neuroimaging studies, a comprehensive neuropsychological model of mathematical functions in children is lacking. Using quantitative meta-analyses of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies, we identify concordant brain areas across articles that adhere to a set of selection criteria (e.g., whole-brain analysis, coordinate reports) and report brain activity to tasks that involve processing symbolic and non-symbolic numbers with and without formal mathematical operations, which we called respectively number tasks and calculation tasks...
August 8, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837633/towards-a-model-of-resilience-for-transnational-families-of-filipina-domestic-workers
#11
Melissa R Garabiles, Mira Alexis P Ofreneo, Brian J Hall
Many Filipinos experience poverty and poor employment opportunities. In order to alleviate poverty and provide sufficient resources for their families, numerous mothers leave the Philippines to become domestic workers. The present study aimed to build a model of family resilience for transnational families. A total of 33 participants consisting of Filipino transnational families, domestic workers, and key informants participated in a series of focus group discussions and interviews. A new model of resilience among transnational families of Filipina domestic helpers was created using a constructivist grounded theory approach...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827063/beyond-simple-planning-existential-dimensions-of-conversations-with-patients-at-risk-of-dying-from-heart-failure
#12
Valerie Schulz, Allison Crombeen, Denise Marshall, Joshua Shadd, Kori LaDonna, Lorelei Lingard
INTRODUCTION: Despite the recent promotion of communication guides to improve decision-making with patients nearing the end of their lives, these conversations remain challenging. Deeper and more comprehensive understanding of communication barriers that undermine discussions and decisions with patients at risk of dying from heart failure (HF) are vital for informing communication in healthcare. OBJECTIVES: To explore experiences and perspectives of patients with advanced HF, their caregivers and providers, regarding conversations for patients at risk of dying from HF...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822755/does-the-transformation-of-dietitians-from-counseling-to-therapy-also-apply-to-the-physical-and-therapeutic-environment-a-case-study-of-israeli-practice
#13
Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Yael Birman
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle change can be influenced through effective interaction between care receiver and care provider. The physical environment where the interaction occurs can affect the dynamics of long-term therapeutic treatment. There have been no studies on the perception of the physical environment in nutritional treatment. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to ascertain the impact of the physical environment on the dynamics and communication between dietitian and patient based on perceptions of dietitians...
August 17, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818834/designing-and-implementing-a-physiology-course-for-a-new-doctoral-occupational-therapy-program-with-student-feedback
#14
Barbara E Goodman, Moses N Ikiugu
Recently, the Occupational Therapy Department requested a custom-designed medical physiology course for the students in the new occupational therapy doctoral program. The first author, a physiologist with extensive experience in teaching both undergraduate preprofessional and medical students in human physiology, was recruited to design and implement the course. The course was designed to be consistent with the constructivist philosophy that guides the occupational therapy curriculum. The course was offered for the first time during fall/spring 2015/2016 and included both first- and second-year occupational therapy doctoral students...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818020/preserving-self-theorizing-the-social-and-psychological-processes-of-living-with-parkinson-disease
#15
Terrie Vann-Ward, Janice M Morse, Kathy Charmaz
The purpose of this constructivist grounded theory article is to identify, explore, and theorize the social and psychological processes used by people with Parkinson disease. Analytic procedures generated the five-stage theory of Preserving self of people with Parkinson disease: (a) making sense of symptoms, (b) defining turning points, (c) experiencing identity dilemmas, (d) reconnecting the self, and (e) envisioning a future. Reminders of former selves and capabilities were painful; participants desperately sought normalcy...
June 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815580/deciding-to-come-out-to-parents-toward-a-model-of-sexual-orientation-disclosure-decisions
#16
Erika L Grafsky
The purpose of this study was to conduct research to understand nonheterosexual youths' decision to disclose their sexual orientation information to their parents. The sample for this study includes 22 youth between the ages of 14 and 21. Constructivist grounded theory guided the qualitative methodology and data analysis. The findings from this study posit an emerging model of sexual orientation disclosure decisions comprised of four interrelated factors that influence the decision to disclose or not disclose, as well as a description of the mechanism through which disclosure either does or does not occur...
August 16, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799481/evolving-motivations-patients-and-caregivers-perceptions-about-seeking-myotonic-dystrophy-dm1-and-huntington-s-disease-care
#17
Kori A LaDonna, Christopher J Watling, Susan L Ray, Christine Piechowicz, Shannon L Venance
Patient-centered care provision is challenging under ideal circumstances; myotonic dystrophy (DM1) and Huntington's disease (HD) are examples of chronic, progressive health conditions that may challenge its limits. If we can understand how care unfolds in these conditions, health care providers may be better equipped to address patients' needs. Constructivist grounded theory informed data collection and analysis. Fourteen patients with DM1 or HD, and 10 caregivers participated in semistructured interviews. Constant comparative analysis was used to identify themes...
September 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774759/parents-perspectives-on-navigating-the-work-of-speaking-up-in-the-nicu
#18
Audrey Lyndon, Kirsten Wisner, Carrie Holschuh, Kelly M Fagan, Linda S Franck
OBJECTIVE: To describe parents' perspectives and likelihood of speaking up about safety concerns in the NICU and identify barriers and facilitators to parents speaking up. DESIGN: Exploratory, qualitatively driven, mixed-methods design using questionnaires, interviews, and observations with parents of newborns in the NICU. The qualitative investigation was based on constructivist grounded theory. Quantitative measures included ratings and free-text responses about the likelihood of speaking up in response to a hypothetical scenario about lack of clinician hand hygiene...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774227/therapists-perspectives-on-suicide-a-conceptual-model-of-connectedness
#19
Cian Aherne, Barry Coughlan, Paul Surgenor
BACKGROUND: A sense of disconnection for people who are suicidal seems to be a key construct of previous literature. Therapists' ways of encountering and understanding people who are suicidal have not been previously researched in depth using qualitative methodologies. AIMS: The current study aims to develop a theoretical framework for the role played by connectedness in relation to suicide based on the perspectives of psychotherapists working in the field of suicide intervention...
August 3, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756189/historical-pitfalls-and-new-directions-in-the-neuroscience-of-emotion
#20
REVIEW
Lisa Feldman Barrett, Ajay B Satpute
In this article, we offer a brief history summarizing the last century of neuroscientific study of emotion, highlighting dominant themes that run through various schools of thought. We then summarize the current state of the field, followed by six key points for scientific progress that are inspired by a multi-level constructivist theory of emotion.
July 26, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
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