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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676215/being-and-becoming-a-helper-illness-disclosure-and-identity-transformations-among-indigenous-people-living-with-hiv-or-aids-in-saskatoon-saskatchewan
#1
Andrew R Hatala, Kelley Bird-Naytowhow, Tamara Pearl, Jen Peterson, Sugandhi Del Canto, Eddie Rooke, Stryker Calvez, Ryan Meili, Michael Schwandt, Jason Mercredi, Patti Tait
Saskatoon has nearly half of the diagnoses of HIV in Saskatchewan, Canada, with an incidence rate among Indigenous populations within inner-city contexts that is 3 times higher than national rates. Previous research does not adequately explore the relations between HIV vulnerabilities within these contexts and the experiences of illness disclosure that are informed by identity transformations, experiences of stigma, and social support. From an intersectionality framework and a constructivist grounded theory approach, this research involved in-depth, semistructured interviews with 21 Indigenous people living with HIV and/or AIDS in Saskatoon, both male and female...
April 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676054/considering-the-interdependence-of-clinical-performance-implications-for-assessment-and-entrustment
#2
Stefanie S Sebok-Syer, Saad Chahine, Christopher J Watling, Mark Goldszmidt, Sayra Cristancho, Lorelei Lingard
INTRODUCTION: Our ability to assess independent trainee performance is a key element of competency-based medical education (CBME). In workplace-based clinical settings, however, the performance of a trainee can be deeply entangled with others on the team. This presents a fundamental challenge, given the need to assess and entrust trainees based on the evolution of their independent clinical performance. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to understand what faculty members and senior postgraduate trainees believe constitutes independent performance in a variety of clinical specialty contexts...
April 19, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674992/memory-modulation-self-improvement-or-self-depletion
#3
Andrea Lavazza
Autobiographical memory is fundamental to the process of self-construction. Therefore, the possibility of modifying autobiographical memories, in particular with memory-modulation and memory-erasing, is a very important topic both from the theoretical and from the practical point of view. The aim of this paper is to illustrate the state of the art of some of the most promising areas of memory-modulation and memory-erasing, considering how they can affect the self and the overall balance of the "self and autobiographical memory" system...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673278/doing-what-s-right-a-grounded-theory-of-ethical-decision-making-in-occupational-therapy
#4
Sandra VanderKaay, Lori Letts, Bonny Jung, Sandra E Moll
BACKGROUND: Ethical decision-making is an important aspect of reasoning in occupational therapy practice. However, the process of ethical decision-making within the broader context of reasoning is yet to be clearly explicated. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to advance a theoretical understanding of the process by which occupational therapists make ethical decisions in day-to-day practice. METHOD: A constructivist grounded theory approach was adopted, incorporating in-depth semi-structured interviews with 18 occupational therapists from a range of practice settings and years of experience...
April 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672080/testing-the-predictions-of-the-existential-constructivist-theory-of-suicide-in-a-college-student-sample
#5
Jennifer D Lockman, Heather L Servaty-Seib
There is a lack of empirically supported theories explaining suicidal ideation and few theories describe how suicidal ideation can be prevented in the context of normative human development. Rogers (2001) proposed an existential constructivist theory of suicide (ECTS) wherein existential distress and the inability to reconstruct meaning from adverse life events contribute to suicidal ideation. The ECTS includes a distinct focus on meaning reconstruction from adverse life events, which is congruent with existing research on college students and developmental frameworks used by counseling psychologists...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671922/support-following-total-laryngectomy-exploring-the-concept-from-different-perspectives
#6
J M Bickford, J Coveney, J Baker, D Hersh
Adjustment after total laryngectomy is complex, and the resultant support needs are extensive. Current practice is often guided by health-related quality of life measures. While useful, many of these tools were developed without considering the perspectives of people who have experienced the surgery. To improve understanding of the support needs after total laryngectomy, multiple viewpoints were examined, for example individuals with a laryngectomy (IWL), significant others (SO) and health professionals (HP)...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668789/data-analysis-comparison-between-the-different-methodological-perspectives-of-the-grounded-theory
#7
José Luís Guedes Dos Santos, Kamylla Cunha, Edlamar Kátia Adamy, Marli Terezinha Stein Backes, Joséte Luzia Leite, Francisca Georgina Macedo de Sousa
Grounded Theory (GT) has undergone many transformations since its proposition as a research method in the 1960s. As a result of these changes, three different GT approaches have been outlined: classic, straussian and constructivist ground theory, each with its peculiarities, but mainly concerning data analysis. Thus, this study aimed to describe and compare the data analysis process adopted by the different methodological perspectives of GT. The text is organized into two topics. Firstly, we present the common and differentiating characteristics of the three methodological perspectives of GT...
2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668522/the-art-and-artifice-of-seeking-feedback-clerkship-students-approaches-in-asking-for-feedback
#8
Robert Bing-You, Victoria Hayes, Tamara Palka, Marybeth Ford, Robert Trowbridge
PURPOSE: As attention has shifted to learners as significant partners in feedback interactions, it is important to explore what feedback-seeking behaviors medical students use and how the faculty-student relationship affects feedback-seeking behaviors. METHOD: This qualitative study was inspired by the organizational psychology literature. Third-year medical students were interviewed at Maine Medical Center in April-May 2017 after completing a traditional block-rotation clerkship or a nine-month longitudinal integrated clerkship (LIC)...
April 17, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661182/women-s-perspectives-on-the-ethical-implications-of-non-invasive-prenatal-testing-a-qualitative-analysis-to-inform-health-policy-decisions
#9
Meredith Vanstone, Alexandra Cernat, Jeff Nisker, Lisa Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a technology which provides information about fetal genetic characteristics (including sex) very early in pregnancy by examining fetal DNA obtained from a sample of maternal blood. NIPT is a morally complex technology that has advanced quickly to market with a strong push from industry developers, leaving many areas of uncertainty still to be resolved, and creating a strong need for health policy that reflects women's social and ethical values...
April 16, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661136/effects-of-a-community-health-promotion-program-on-social-factors-in-a-vulnerable-older-adult-population-residing-in-social-housing
#10
Gina Agarwal, Madison Brydges
BACKGROUND: Supporting older adults' health and wellbeing in the community is an important policy goal that can be supported by health promotion. Despite widespread acceptance of the biopsychosocial model of health and its relation to health, many health promotion programs fail to realize this model in program design. Further, there is limited evidence to support program design targeting social determinants of health such as social isolation or connectedness. To fill this gap, we aimed to understand older adult's experiences participating in cardiovascular health promotion program in a subsidized residential building to capture unintended 'spin-off' psychosocial effects...
April 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650747/patient-centred-primary-care-of-adults-with-severe-and-profound-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-patient-caregiver-physician-relationship
#11
Katherine Stringer, Amanda L Terry, Bridget L Ryan, Andrea Pike
OBJECTIVE: To explore the process of the development of the patient-physician relationship in adult patients with severe or profound intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), from the perspective of the patients' caregivers. DESIGN: Constructivist grounded theory. SETTING: St John's, NL. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen primary caregivers (5 males, 8 females) of 1 or more adults with severe or profound IDD. METHODS: Data were collected via in-depth, semistructured interviews conducted in person or by telephone...
April 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648944/parents-concerns-regarding-the-growth-characteristics-of-their-adolescents-a-qualitative-inquiry-in-iran
#12
Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Parvaneh Rezasoltani, AbouAli Vedadhir, Ziba Taghizadeh, Seyyed Hossein Samadanifard
In recent times, parents have become increasingly concerned, both subjectively and objectively, about their adolescents' body height/weight growth. Parent-adolescent interactions about this issue and the potential socio-psychological consequences of such interactions should be considered as an important influencing factor on the future of adolescents' sexual and reproductive health. To achieve a greater understanding of such concerns, it is necessary to further elucidate parents' experiences on this topic, so as to expand the existing literature...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622236/my-kind-of-town-chicago-is-content-collections-optimize-learning-related-to-the-2018-aana-annual-meeting
#13
EDITORIAL
Timothy J Hunt, Jefferson C Brand, Michael J Rossi, James H Lubowitz
The 2018 Arthroscopy Association of North America Annual Meeting represents an opportunity to deepen one's understanding of a wide variety of topics. Arthroscopy journal readers have diverse practices and interests, and the meeting is designed to accommodate individual needs. The constructivist learning theory provides that scholars learn in many different ways. Thus, to enrich your learning experience, selected recently published Arthroscopy articles are suggested to supplement material presented at the meeting...
April 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622018/from-problem-people-to-addictive-products-a-qualitative-study-on-rethinking-gambling-policy-from-the-perspective-of-lived-experience
#14
Helen E Miller, Samantha L Thomas, Priscilla Robinson
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that government and industry discussions of gambling may focus on personal responsibility for gambling harm. In Australia, these discussions have largely excluded people with lived experience of problem gambling, including those involved in peer support and advocacy. METHODS: We conducted 26 in-depth interviews with people with current or previous problem gambling on electronic gaming machines (EGMs) involved in peer support and advocacy activities, using an approach informed by Interpretive Policy Analysis and Constructivist Grounded Theory...
April 6, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615943/observation-of-communication-by-physical-education-teachers-detecting-patterns-in-verbal-behavior
#15
Abraham García-Fariña, F Jiménez-Jiménez, M Teresa Anguera
The aim of this study was to analyze the verbal behavior of primary school physical education teachers in a natural classroom setting in order to investigate patterns in social constructivist communication strategies before and after participation in a training program designed to familiarize teachers with these strategies. The participants were three experienced physical education teachers interacting separately with 65 students over a series of classes. Written informed consent was obtained from all the students' parents or legal guardians...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611623/evaluating-facts-and-facting-evaluations-on-the-fact-value-relationship-in-hta
#16
Bjørn Hofmann, Ken Bond, Lars Sandman
Health technology assessment (HTA) is an evaluation of health technologies in terms of facts and evidence. However, the relationship between facts and values is still not clear in HTA. This is problematic in an era of "fake facts" and "truth production." Accordingly, the objective of this study is to clarify the relationship between facts and values in HTA. We start with the perspectives of the traditional positivist account of "evaluating facts" and the social-constructivist account of "facting values...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606174/reconstruction-of-a-caregiver-burden-scale-identifying-culturally-sensitive-items-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Eradah O Hamad, Ahmad N AlHadi, Paul F Tremblay, Marie Y Savundranayagam, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Jeffrey D Holmes, Christopher J Lee, Andrew M Johnson
ABSTRACTFor this study, we adapted the Montgomery Borgatta Caregiver Burden Scale, used widely in the United States, to the Saudi Arabian context. To produce an Arabic, culturally sensitive version of the scale, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 20 Saudi family caregivers. The Arabic version of the scale was tested, and participants were asked to comment on the appropriateness of items for the construct of "caregiver burden" using the repertory grid technique and laddering procedure - two constructivist methods derived from personal construct theory...
April 2, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606165/later-life-homelessness-as-disenfranchised-grief
#18
Victoria F Burns, Tamara Sussman, Valérie Bourgeois-Guérin
ABSTRACTAlthough interest on older homelessness is gaining momentum, little research has considered the experiences of first-time homelessness from the perspective of older adults themselves. This constructivist grounded-theory study addresses this gap by exploring how societal perceptions of homelessness and aging shape access to housing, services, and perceptions of self for 15 older adults residing in emergency homeless shelters in Montreal, (Quebec, Canada). Findings revealed that homelessness evoked a grief response characterized by shock, despair, anger, and in some cases, relief...
April 2, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596082/transformative-learning-and-professional-identity-formation-during-international-health-electives-a-qualitative-study-using-grounded-theory
#19
Adam P Sawatsky, Hannah C Nordhues, Stephen P Merry, M Usmaan Bashir, Frederic W Hafferty
PURPOSE: International health electives (IHEs) are widely available during residency and provide unique experiences for trainees. Theoretical models of professional identity formation and transformative learning may provide insight into residents' experiences during IHEs. The purpose of this study was to explore transformative learning and professional identity formation during resident IHEs and characterize the relationship between transformative learning and professional identity formation...
March 27, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574896/resident-hesitation-in-the-operating-room-does-uncertainty-equal-incompetence
#20
Michael Ott, Alan Schwartz, Mark Goldszmidt, Georges Bordage, Lorelei Lingard
CONTEXT: In postgraduate medical programmes, the progressive development of autonomy places residents in situations in which they must cope with uncertainty. We explored the phenomenon of hesitation, triggered by uncertainty, in the context of the operating room in order to understand the social behaviours surrounding supervision and progressive autonomy. METHODS: Nine surgical residents and their supervising surgeons at a Canadian medical school were selected. Each resident-supervisor pair was observed during a surgical procedure and subsequently participated in separate post-observation, semi-structured interviews...
March 25, 2018: Medical Education
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