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channa striatus

Neeraj Kumar, Kishore Kumar Krishnani, Sanjay Kumar Gupta, Narendra Pratap Singh
Nanotechnology is a novel arena with promising applications in the field of medicine, industry, and agriculture including fisheries. Cross-disciplinary interactions and the application of this technology in biological systems have led to the innovation of novel nanoparticle antioxidants, which are the subject of our study. In context with above background, we designed an experiment on nano-silver to elucidate its role for mitigation of abiotic and biotic stress. Three diets were formulated viz. silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) incorporated at 0...
March 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Ahmad Khusairi Azemi, Mohd Hafiz Abd Rahim, Siti Syariah Mamat, Abdul Manan Mat Jais, Zainul Amiruddin Zakaria
Channa striatus (Haruan) is Malaysian freshwater fish that is traditionally used to treat ailments related to wound and also ulcers. The aimed of the present study was to determine the mechanisms of anti-ulcer activity of chloroform: methanol extract of C. striatus fillet (CMCS) in rats. The antiulcer profile of CMCS, given orally in the doses of 50, 250 and 500mg/kg, was assessed using the ethanol- and indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer models. The mechanisms of antiulcer of CMCS were determined as follows; i) the antisecretory activity of CMCS was measured using the pyloric ligation rat model, and; ii) the role of nitric oxide (NO) and sulfhydryl compounds in the modulation of CMCS antiulcer activity were determined by pre-treating the rats with L -NAME or NEM, respectively, followed by the pre-treatment of rats with CMCS before subjecting the animals to the ethanol-induced gastric ulcer model...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Prasanth Bhatt, Venkatesh Kumaresan, Rajesh Palanisamy, Gayathri Ravichandran, Kanchana Mala, S M Nurul Amin, Aziz Arshad, Fatimah Md Yusoff, Jesu Arockiaraj
Chemokines are ubiquitous cytokine molecules involved in migration of cells during inflammation and normal physiological processes. Though the study on chemokines in mammalian species like humans have been extensively studied, characterization of chemokines in teleost fishes is still in the early stage. The present review provides an overview of chemokines and its receptors in a teleost fish, Channa striatus. C. striatus is an air breathing freshwater carnivore, which has enormous economic importance. This species is affected by an oomycete fungus, Aphanomyces invadans and a Gram negative bacteria Aeromonas hydrophila is known to cause secondary infection...
January 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Abirami Arasu, Venkatesh Kumaresan, Munuswamy-Ramanujam Ganesh, Mukesh Pasupuleti, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Jesu Arockiaraj
Galectins belong to the family of galactoside-binding proteins which act as pathogen recognition receptors by recognizing and binding to the carbohydrate present in the bacterial membranes. In this study, a Galectin-4 sequence was identified from the constructed cDNA library of Channa striatus and its structural features were reported. Gene expression analysis revealed that CsGal4 was highly expressed in liver and strongly induced by Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome (EUS) causing pathogens such as Aphanomyces invadans, Aeromonas hydrophila and a viral analogue, poly I:C...
June 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Wenjie Chen, Lizhu Yi, Shuangshuang Feng, Xiaodan Liu, Muhammad Asim, Yongcan Zhou, Jiangfeng Lan, Sanjie Jiang, Jiagang Tu, Li Lin
Nervous necrosis virus (NNV), the causative agent of viral nervous necrosis (VNN) disease, has caused mass mortality of cultured marine and freshwater fish worldwide, resulting in enormous economic losses in the aquaculture industry. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the pathogenicity of NNV are still poorly understood. In this study, the transcriptomic profiles of striped snakehead fish (Channa striatus) cells (SSN-1) infected with red-spotted grouper NNV (RGNNV) were investigated using deep RNA sequencing technique...
January 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Akila Sathyamoorthy, Mukesh Kumar Chaurasia, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Ramasamy Harikrishnan, Jesu Arockiaraj
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are immunogenic, ubiquitous class of molecular chaperones, which are induced in response to various environmental and microbial stressful conditions. It plays a vital role in maintaining cellular protein homeostasis in eukaryotic cells. In this study, we described a comprehensive comparative data by bioinformatics approach on three different full length cDNA sequences of HSP family at molecular level. The cDNA sequences of three HSPs were identified from constructed cDNA library of Channa striatus and named as CsCPN60, CsHSP60 and CsHSP70...
January 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Irma Izani Mohamad Isa, Suhaili Abu Bakar, Siti Farah Md Tohid, Abdul Manan Mat Jais
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Haruan, Channa striatus, is a freshwater fish which has been well-known locally to accelerate wound healing during post-operative and post-partum periods. The fish extract also has potent anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess topical anti-inflammatory effect of Haruan cream on 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced chronic-like dermatitis in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male ICR mice were randomized into six groups of five mice each: acetone (vehicle), TPA alone (negative control), three Haruan treatment groups (Haruan 1%, Haruan 5% and Haruan 10%) and hydrocortisone 1% (positive control)...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Abirami Arasu, Venkatesh Kumaresan, Rajesh Palanisamy, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Munuswamy-Ramanujam Ganesh, Jesu Arockiaraj
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are innate molecules that are found in a wide variety of species ranging from bacteria to humans. In recent years, excessive usage of antibiotics resulted in development of multi-drug resistant pathogens which made researchers to focus on AMPs as potential substitute for antibiotics. Lily type mannose-binding lectin is an extended super-family of structurally and evolutionarily related sugar binding proteins. These lectins are well-known AMPs which play important roles in fish defense mechanism...
February 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Ankita Nandi, Suhas Kumar Dan, Goutam Banerjee, Pinki Ghosh, Koushik Ghosh, Einar Ringø, Arun Kumar Ray
In this study, a total of 121 bacterial strains were isolated from the gastrointestinal tract of four teleostean species, namely striped snakehead (Channa striatus), striped dwarf catfish (Mystus vittatus), orangefin labeo (Labeo calbasu) and mrigal carp (Cirrhinus mrigala), among which 8 isolates showed promising antibacterial activity against four potential fish pathogens, Aeromonas hydrophila, Aeromonas salmonicida, Aeromonas sobria and Pseudomonas fluorescens and were non-hemolytic. The isolates were further screened in response to fish bile tolerance and extracellular digestive enzyme activity...
March 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
Abirami Arasu, Venkatesh Kumaresan, Akila Sathyamoorthi, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Jesu Arockiaraj
A transcriptome wide analysis of the constructed cDNA library of snakehead murrel Channa striatus revealed a full length cDNA sequence of coagulation factor X. Sequence analysis of C. striatus coagulation factor X (CsFX) showed that the cDNA contained 1232 base pairs (bp) comprising 1209 bp open reading frame (ORF). The ORF region encodes 424 amino acids with a molecular mass of 59 kDa. The polypeptide contains γ-carboxyglutamic acid (GLA) rich domain and two epidermal growth factor (EGF) like domains including EGF-CA domain and serine proteases trypsin signature profile...
August 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Pinky Kaur, Rekha Shrivastav, T A Qureshi
Present investigation was carried out to study the histo-pathological alterations induced by metacercariae of digenetic trematode, Euclinostomum heretostomum on the kidney of Channa striatus and Channa marulius in natural condition. Histo-architectural alterations induced by parasite included reduced size of glomeruli, severe degeneration and necrosis of haemopoietic tissue and tubule cells with hypertrophied nuclei in C. striatus. Whereas, infected kidney of C. marulius exhibited the development of several melano-macrophage centers, hypertrophied nuclei of tubule cells and detached epithelial cells of renal tubules...
March 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Arabinda Mahanty, Gopal Krishna Purohit, Sudeshna Banerjee, Dhanasekar Karunakaran, Sasmita Mohanty, Bimal Prasanna Mohanty
The present study was undertaken to investigate the proteomic changes in the liver of murrel Channa striatus exposed to high temperature stress. Fishes were exposed to 36°C for 4 days and liver proteome changes were analyzed using gel- based proteomics, i.e. 2DE, MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS, and validation by transcript analysis. The study showed, besides others, increased abundance of two sets of proteins, the antioxidative enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), ferritin, cellular retinol binding protein (CRBP), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), and the chaperones HSP60 and protein disulfide isomerase; this was validated by transcript analysis...
July 2016: Electrophoresis
Suntharam Jawahar, Adil Nafar, Krishnan Vasanth, Mohamed Saiyad Musthafa, Jesu Arockiaraj, Chellam Balasundaram, Ramasamy Harikrishnan
Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome (EUS) caused by Aphanomyces invadans which is a primary fungal parasitic pathogen, inflicts serious economic loss in tropical freshwater fish including snakehead murrel, Channa striatus. In the present study with an aim to circumvent the adverse effects of the traditional measures in graded levels (2%, 4%, and 6%) of Zeolite enriched diet on growth performance, hematology, immunological response, and disease resistance in C. striatus against A. invadans is reported. The final weight (FW), specific growth rate (SGR), feed conversion ratio (FCR), protein efficiency ratio (PER), and average daily gain (ADG) were significantly high in infected fish fed with 4% or 6% Zeolite incorporated diets on 4th week...
April 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Venkatesh Kumaresan, Gayathri Ravichandran, Faizal Nizam, Nagarajan Balachandran Dhayanithi, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Ramasamy Harikrishnan, Jesu Arockiaraj
Caspases are evolutionarily conserved proteases which play fundamental role in apoptosis. Invasion of pathogen triggers the activation of caspases-mediated pro-inflammatory and pro-apoptotic pathways, where multifunctional caspases are involved. In striped murrel Channa striatus, epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) causes endemics resulting in huge economic loss. Aphanomyces invadans, an oomycete is the primary causative agent of EUS which further induces secondary bacterial infections especially Aeromonas hydrophila...
February 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Venkatesh Kumaresan, Prasanth Bhatt, Munuswamy-Ramanujam Ganesh, Ramasamy Harikrishnan, MariadhasValan Arasu, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Mukesh Pasupuleti, Kasi Marimuthu, Jesu Arockiaraj
In aquaculture, accumulation of antibiotics resulted in development of resistance among bacterial pathogens. Consequently, it became mandatory to find alternative to synthetic antibiotics. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) which are described as evolutionary ancient weapons have been considered as promising alternates in recent years. In this study, a novel antimicrobial peptide had been derived from goose type lysozyme (LyzG) which was identified from the cDNA library of freshwater fish Channa striatus (Cs). The identified lysozyme cDNA contains 585 nucleotides which encodes a protein of 194 amino acids...
December 2015: Molecular Immunology
Jesu Arockiaraj, Prasanth Bhatt, Venkatesh Kumaresan, Nagarajan Balachandran Dhayanithi, Aziz Arshad, Ramasamy Harikrishnan, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi
In this study, we reported a molecular characterization of three CC chemokines namely, CsCC-Chem14, CsCC-Chem20 and CsCC-Chem25 which are were identified from the established cDNA library of striped murrel Channa striatus. Multiple sequence alignment of all the three chemokines revealed the presence of gene specific domains and motifs including small cytokine domain, IL8 like domain, receptor binding site and glycosaminoglycan (GAG) binding sites. Three dimensional structures of the chemokines under study showed an important facet on their anti-microbial property...
November 2015: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Gopal Krishna Purohit, Arabinda Mahanty, Bimal Prasanna Mohanty, Sasmita Mohanty
Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction is the most advanced method of quantifying gene expression studies; however, the significance of the obtained results strongly depends on the normalization of the data to compensate for differences between the samples. In the present study, expression analysis of six different constitutively expressed genes viz. 18S ribosomal RNA, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (gapdh), beta actin (βactin), ribosomal binding protein L13, tubulin and TATA-box-binding protein (tbp) were carried out to test their efficacy as reference genes in three different tissues, namely liver, gill and muscle of murrel Channa striatus exposed to high temperature for variable time periods...
February 2016: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Mohd Rizal Abu Bakar, Azidah Abdul Kadir, Siti Zubaidah Abdul Wahab, Ahmad Helmy Abdul Karim, Nik Hazlina Nik Hussain, Norhayati Mohd Noor, Julia Omar, Saringat Bin Bai Bae, Wan Haslindawani Wan Mahmood, Asrenee Abdul Razak, Rohaizan Yunus
AIM: To compare the mean of anteroposterior (AP) measurements of the uterus in longitudinal and oblique transverse planes, and the pulsatility index (PI) and resistive index (RI) of the uterine artery and superficial skin wound artery between patients taking Channa striatus and placebo. BACKGROUND: Channa striatus, also known as haruan, is a fresh water snakehead fish consumed in many parts of Southeast Asia. Channa striatus is also normally consumed by women postpartum to promote wound healing as well as to reduce post-operative pain...
2015: PloS One
Mahino Fatima, Nazura Usmani, Fakiha Firdaus, Mohammad Faraz Zafeer, Shafeeque Ahmad, Kafil Akhtar, S M Dawar Husain, Mir Hilal Ahmad, Ehraz Anis, M Mobarak Hossain
Heavy metals can significantly bioaccumulate in fish tissues. The step wise mechanism of heavy metal toxicities on fish health is still limited. The present study assessed the tissue-specific antioxidant response and oxidative stress biomarkers of commercially important fish species namely, Channa striatus and Heteropneustes fossilis inhabiting Kali River of northern India where heavy-metal load is beyond the World Health Organisation - maximum permissible limits. Heavy metals chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) were elevated in both fish species compared to recommended values of the Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA), 1999 for edible fishes...
October 2015: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
Siti Zubaidah Ab Wahab, Azidah Abdul Kadir, Nik Hazlina Nik Hussain, Julia Omar, Rohaizan Yunus, Saringat Baie, Norhayati Mohd Noor, Intan Idiana Hassan, Wan Haslindawani Wan Mahmood, Asrenee Abd Razak, Wan Zahanim Wan Yusoff
Channa striatus has been consumed for decades as a remedy to promote wound healing by women during postpartum period. The objectives of this study were to compare postoperative pain, wound healing based on wound evaluation scale (WES), wound cosmetic appearance based on visual analogue scale (VAS) scores and patient satisfaction score (PSS), and safety profiles between C. striatus group and placebo group after six weeks of lower segment caesarean section (LSCS) delivery. A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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