keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

overweight adolescents

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156862/the-prevalence-of-abdominal-obesity-is-remarkable-for-underweight-and-normal-weight-adolescent-girls
#1
Nilüfer Acar Tek, Nevin Şanlıer, Duygu Türközü
Background/aim: Obesity is a global public health challenge. This study was carried out in order to determine the prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity in Turkish adolescent girls. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a total of 1111 adolescent girls aged 12?18 years. The subjects were classified into four groups: underweight, normal, overweight, and obese. Abdominal obesity was defined according to waist circumference (WC) ≥ 90th percentile for Turkish adolescent population references (12-17 years) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) ≥ 0...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147128/the-effect-of-educational-intervention-on-weight-loss-in-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#2
Seyed Saeed Mazloomy-Mahmoodabad, Zohreh Sadat Navabi, Alireza Ahmadi, Mohsen Askarishahi
BACKGROUND: The increased prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents is associated with type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular diseases. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) efficiently explains the ability of perceived behavioral control and possibly attitude to enhance the motivations of the obese people to lose weight. Our aim was to investigate the effect of TPB-based education on weight loss in obese and overweight adolescents. METHODS: In an interventional study, simple random sampling was used to select 86 overweight and obese adolescents aged 13-18 years in the pediatric clinic at the Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute...
July 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146122/health-and-wellbeing-of-indigenous-adolescents-in-australia-a-systematic-synthesis-of-population-data
#3
Peter S Azzopardi, Susan M Sawyer, John B Carlin, Louisa Degenhardt, Ngiare Brown, Alex D Brown, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations have high rates of disease and premature mortality. Most Indigenous communities are young, and adolescence (age 10-24 years) provides great opportunities for population health gain. However, the absence of a comprehensive account of Indigenous adolescents' health has been a barrier to effective policy. We aimed to report a national health profile for Indigenous adolescents in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a systematic synthesis of population data to report the health and wellbeing of Indigenous adolescents in Australia...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139080/a-review-of-insulin-resistance-in-type-1-diabetes-is-there-a-place-for-adjunctive-metformin
#4
REVIEW
Gagan Priya, Sanjay Kalra
There is a rising trend of overweight and obesity among individuals with type 1 diabetes. This is often associated with insulin resistance, increased insulin dose requirements and poor glycemic control. Insulin resistance is also seen during puberty and is strongly related to increased risk of cardiovascular disease. The role of metformin as an adjunct to ongoing intensive insulin therapy in type 1 diabetics has been evaluated in several randomized trials, including the recently concluded T1D Exchange Network trial in adolescents and the REMOVAL trial in adults...
November 14, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136622/serum-transaminase-concentrations-and-the-presence-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-are-associated-with-serum-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-concentrations-in-adolescent-girls-who-are-overweight-and-obese
#5
Sayyed Saeid Khayyatzadeh, Hassanali Vatanparast, Amir Avan, Mohammad Bagherniya, Afsane Bahrami, Mohammad Ali Kiani, Hamidreza Bahrami-Taghanaki, Gordon A Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Vitamin D deficiency has become endemic globally and its etiology is complex. Few studies have investigated the determinants of serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OH D). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between lifestyle patterns, liver functional tests (LFTs), and the presence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with serum 25-OH D in apparently healthy girls. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was undertaken in 965 adolescent girls aged 12-18 years...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136493/systems-thinking-and-simulation-modeling-to-inform-childhood-obesity-policy-and-practice
#6
Kenneth E Powell, Debra L Kibbe, Rachel Ferencik, Chris Soderquist, Mary Ann Phillips, Emily Anne Vall, Karen J Minyard
OBJECTIVES: In 2007, 31.7% of Georgia adolescents in grades 9-12 were overweight or obese. Understanding the impact of policies and interventions on obesity prevalence among young people can help determine statewide public health and policy strategies. This article describes a systems model, originally launched in 2008 and updated in 2014, that simulates the impact of policy interventions on the prevalence of childhood obesity in Georgia through 2034. METHODS: In 2008, using information from peer-reviewed reports and quantitative estimates by experts in childhood obesity, physical activity, nutrition, and health economics and policy, a group of legislators, legislative staff members, and experts trained in systems thinking and system dynamics modeling constructed a model simulating the impact of policy interventions on the prevalence of childhood obesity in Georgia through 2034...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136487/the-healthy-fitness-zone-continuum-score-as-a-measure-of-change-in-body-mass-index-of-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-georgia-2012-2014
#7
Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Gregory J Welk, Yang Bai
OBJECTIVES: The FitnessGram Healthy Fitness Zone continuum (HFZc) score reflects the relative difference of a person's body mass index (BMI) from the established FitnessGram standard. As such, it may provide added utility for public health programming and research on obesity among school-aged children and adolescents. We used the standard BMI Z (BMIz) score and the alternative HFZc score to describe changes in BMI of school-aged children and adolescents in Georgia over time. METHODS: We compiled 2012-2014 BMI data from the Georgia FitnessGram database...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132954/weight-status-and-cigarette-and-electronic-cigarette-use-in-adolescents
#8
Joanne Delk, MeLisa R Creamer, Cheryl L Perry, Melissa B Harrell
INTRODUCTION: Research shows that adolescents who are overweight or obese may be at greater risk of cigarette smoking, and that this relationship may vary by gender. However, this relationship is understudied for electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes). Given the high rate of adolescent obesity and the rise in e-cigarette use in adolescents, this relationship should be investigated. METHODS: Data are from the third wave (collected October 2015-January 2016) of the Texas Adolescent Tobacco and Marketing Surveillance system...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132950/fifteen-year-weight-and-disordered-eating-patterns-among-community-based-adolescents
#9
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Melanie M Wall, Tse-Hwei J Choo, E Whitney Evans, Elissa Jelalian, Nicole Larson, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
INTRODUCTION: The current study aims to characterize weight-change trajectories and their concomitant associations with prospectively measured dieting and other disordered eating behaviors among initially nonoverweight adolescents during the transition to adulthood. METHODS: A population-based sample (n=1,091) self-reported their height/weight, dieting, unhealthy weight-control behaviors, and binge eating at 5-year intervals between 1998/1999 and 2013/2014, spanning early/middle adolescence through middle/late young adulthood...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131386/education-school-type-and-screen-time-were-associated-with-overweight-and-obesity-in-2-930-adolescents
#10
Dieter Furthner, Margit Ehrenmueller, Roland Lanzersdorfer, Gerhard Halmerbauer, Klaus Schmitt, Ariane Biebl
AIM: This cross-sectional study analysed the influence of socioeconomic factors on screen time, overweight and obesity. METHODS: We asked adolescents aged 10, 14 and 17 from 10 school types in urban and rural regions in Upper Austria to complete questionnaires from December 2012 to February 2013. Their parents were also asked to complete questionnaires. RESULTS: The questionnaires were completed by 2,930 adolescents and 2,209 parents. Total weekend screen time was significantly associated with a higher body mass index (BMI) in 10-year-old boys (p<0...
November 13, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131049/changing-characteristics-of-obese-children-and-adolescents-entering-pediatric-lifestyle-intervention-programs-in-germany-over-the-last-11-years-an-adiposity-patients-registry-multicenter-analysis-of-65-453-children-and-adolescents
#11
Barbara Bohn, Susanna Wiegand, Wieland Kiess, Thomas Reinehr, Rainer Stachow, Johannes Oepen, Helmut Langhof, Thomas Hermann, Kurt Widhalm, Martin Wabitsch, Ines Gellhaus, Reinhard Holl
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether characteristics of children and adolescents who start lifestyle intervention (LI) for obesity in Germany changed over the last decade. METHODS: 65,453 subjects (<21 years) from the APV database (Adiposity Patients Registry) with a BMI ≥ 90th percentile were included (years 2005-2015). Logistic regression models (confounders: age, sex, migration background) were created for overweight, obesity, extreme obesity, and obesity-related comorbidities...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130700/-dissatisfaction-with-body-image-and-its-relation-to-nutritional-status-cardiometabolic-risk-and-cardiorespiratory-capacity-in-public-school-children
#12
Pedro Antonio Delgado Floody, Cristian Martínez Salazar, Felipe Caamaño Navarrete, Daniel Jerez Mayorga, Aldo Osorio Poblete, Felipe García Pinillos, Pedro Latorre Román
INTRODUCTION: The increase in abdominal fat and excess weight are related to dissatisfaction with body image, which nowadays is highly prevalent nationally and internationally. AIM: The purpose of the study was to relate dissatisfaction levels to body image, nutritional status, cardiometabolic risk and cardiorespiratory capacity in pre-adolescent students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-nine students participated in the study, 165 girls (11...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130340/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-in-a-sicilian-student-population
#13
Daniela Metro, Roberta Tardugno, Mattia Papa, Carlo Bisignano, Luigi Manasseri, Giorgio Calabrese, Teresa Gervasi, Giacomo Dugo, Nicola Cicero
Since the last decades, socio-economic changes have a key role on eating habits affecting the nutritional status and health of people, in particular children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to compare the diet of student population both normal weight and overweight and obese in order to understand their eating habits by comparing the different diets of the student referring to the Mediterranean diet. The study comprised 337 Sicilian students aged 9 to 13 years, 96 in primary schools and 241 in secondary schools, respectively, in three Sicilian cities namely, Messina, San Piero Patti and Ragusa...
November 13, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127938/caregiver-feeding-practices-and-weight-status-among-african-american-adolescents-the-jackson-heart-kids-pilot-study
#14
E Thomaseo Burton, Tanganyika Wilder, Bettina M Beech, Marino A Bruce
Adolescence is a stage in the life course during which youth become more autonomous in their health behaviors. Overweight and obesity during this developmental period are associated with short- and long-term physical and emotional morbidity, and African American youth are at pronounced risk for these health outcomes. The style of parenting employed by caregivers influences health behaviors in children, though the persistence of this influence into adolescence is not clear. This study examined associations among caregiver feeding practices, body mass index z-score (zBMI), and waist circumference (WC) in a cohort of 212 African American adolescents (50...
November 6, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126188/insulin-like-growth-factor-1-and-receptor-contribute-genetic-susceptibility-to-hypertension-in-a-han-chinese-population
#15
Yingshui Yao, Lijun Zhu, Zhengmei Fang, Song Yang, Yanchun Chen, Yuelong Jin, Xianghai Zhao, Hailong Zhao, Qian Zhuang, Xiaotian Chen, Chong Shen
BACKGROUND: Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) have been suggested to mediate the pathophysiological response to elevated blood pressure. This study aims to evaluate the association of IGF-1 and IGF-1R with hypertension. METHODS: Overall, 2012 hypertensive cases and 2210 controls were included in a case-control study, and ten tagSNPs were selected. The association of these SNPs with hypertension was further evaluated in a follow-up analysis and in an adolescent population...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125519/advanced-skeletal-maturity-in-children-and-adolescents-with-myelomeningocele
#16
Ronald Roiz, Nicole M Mueske, Alexander Van Speybroeck, Deirdre D Ryan, Vicente Gilsanz, Tishya A L Wren
PURPOSE: Atypical skeletal development is common in youth with myelomeningocele (MM), though the underlying reasons have not been fully elucidated. This study assessed skeletal maturity in children and adolescents with MM and examined the effects of sex, age, sexual development, ethnicity, anthropometrics and shunt status. METHODS: Forty-three males and 35 females with MM, 6-16 years old, underwent hand radiographs for bone age determination. The difference between bone age and chronological age was evaluated using Wilcoxon sign rank tests...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124989/perceived-rather-than-actual-overweight-is-associated-with-mental-health-problems-in-adolescence
#17
Vilma Lankinen, Sari Fröjd, Mauri Marttunen, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: Overweight and perceived overweight are common among adolescents. The nature of the relationship between overweight/perceived overweight and mental health problems is still unclear. AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine whether actual overweight, perceived overweight or both are associated with internalizing and externalizing disorders among adolescents. METHODS: Data were collected by two similar school surveys in all Finnish-speaking secondary schools in Tampere (population 200,000) in the academic years 2002-2003 and 2012-2013...
November 10, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122096/association-between-bmi-and-dental-caries-among-school-children-and-adolescents-in-jiangsu-province-china
#18
Wei Li, Taha Hussein Musa, Rong Gao, Xiao Shan Li, Wei Xiang Wang, Lei Hong, Ping Min Wei
Obesity and dental caries are increasing epidemics, especially among children and adolescents. This epidemiological observational cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the possible association between body mass index (BMI) and dental caries among 111,792 school children and adolescents in Jiangsu Province. We found that 13.14% participants of the study sample were overweight, and 7.37% were obese. The prevalence of dental caries was 12.95% in overweight and 7.89% in obese students. There were significant differences in caries prevalence by sex, region, age group, and BMI...
October 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120147/the-association-between-retinol-binding-protein-4-and-cardiovascular-risk-score-is-mediated-by-waist-circumference-in-overweight-obese-adolescent-girls
#19
Aleksandra Klisić, Nebojša Kavarić, Bojko Bjelaković, Ivan Soldatović, Milica Martinović, Jelena Kotur-Stevuljević
Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) is an emerging risk factor for atherosclerotic disease in adults. However, to our knowledge, there are no studies examining the relationship between RBP4 and cardiovascular risk in young population. Therefore, we aimed to estimate this potential relationship in overweight/obese adolescent girls. Seventy overweight/obese adolescent girls, mean age 17.6±1.20 years, were included. Anthropometric and biochemical parameters were measured. Cardiovascular risk score (CVRS) was calculated by adding points for each risk factor (e...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119810/changes-in-physical-fitness-of-a-home-based-physical-exercise-program-in-childhood-obesity-a-quasi-experimental-uncontrolled-study
#20
Juan Francisco Lisón, Alejandro Bruñó-Soler, Isabel Torró, Eva Segura-Ortí, Julio Alvarez-Pitti
Few studies have evaluated the changes in physical fitness (PF) of obese children and adolescents of a physical activity program for the treatment of obesity, and even fewer have explored the modality of home-based physical exercise. The objective of this study is to evaluate the changes in PF and body composition (BC) of a home-based physical exercise for treating childhood obesity. Thirty-three overweight/obese children and adolescents participated for six months in a home-based intervention that combined aerobics and muscular strength exercises...
June 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
keyword
keyword
79247
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"