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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923101/secular-changes-in-physical-growth-and-obesity-among-southwestern-american-indian-children-over-four-decades
#1
P Vijayakumar, K M Wheelock, S Kobes, R G Nelson, R L Hanson, W C Knowler, M Sinha
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Most studies describing childhood obesity in the United States are based on cross-sectional surveys and do not include substantial numbers of American Indians (AI). Secular trends in height and weight reflect general health status. This study describes weight trends and transitions among AI children over a 43-year period. METHODS: Anthropometric data were obtained from a prospective study conducted in a southwestern US AI population (1965 through 2007)...
December 6, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921049/metabolic-syndrome-in-children-and-adolescents
#2
REVIEW
Christine Graf, Nina Ferrari
BACKGROUND: Juvenile obesity is associated with multiple cardiometabolic comorbidities, which may culminate in the metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: Based on a narrative review, the current knowledge of prevalence and the underlying metabolic principles regarding juvenile obesity and MetS are summarized to compile up-to-date information. In addition, the role of lifestyle as well as positive and negative influencing factors are focused on. RESULTS: The prevalence of MetS occurs between 1 and up to 23% in the total pediatric population and in up to 60% amongst the obese and overweight...
October 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919454/the-longitudinal-impact-of-nfl-play-60-programming-on-youth-aerobic-capacity-and-bmi
#3
Yang Bai, Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Gregory J Welk, Daniel W Russell, Kelly Allums-Featherston, Norma Candelaria
INTRODUCTION: The NFL PLAY 60 campaign has actively promoted physical activity and healthy eating in youth through programs such as the PLAY 60 Challenge and Fuel Up to PLAY 60. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the impact of NFL PLAY 60 programming on longitudinal trajectories of youth aerobic capacity and BMI. STUDY DESIGN: Data were from the NFL PLAY 60 FitnessGram Partnership Project, a large participatory research project designed to promote physical activity and healthy eating among Kindergarten through 12th grade children and adolescents...
December 2, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914305/effectiveness-of-a-cross-circuit-exercise-training-program-in-improving-the-fitness-of-overweight-or-obese-adolescents-with-intellectual-disability-enrolled-in-special-education-schools
#4
Wen-Lan Wu, Yu-Fen Yang, I-Hua Chu, Hsiu-Tao Hsu, Feng-Hua Tsai, Jing-Min Liang
This study assessed the effects of a cross-circuit training intervention program on the body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, balance, and muscular strength endurance of overweight or obese students with intellectual disability. A total of 43 students with intellectual disability (aged 13-19 years) were enrolled in this program; 28 overweight/obese students were assigned to either an obesity-control group (n=14) or obesity-exercise group (n=14), and those with normal weight were assigned to a normal weight group (n=15)...
November 30, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909377/association-between-body-composition-and-sport-injury-in-canadian-adolescents
#5
Allison M Ezzat, Amy Schneeberg, Mieke Koehoorn, Carolyn A Emery
Purpose: To examine the association between overweight or obesity and sport injury in a population-based sample of Canadian adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional analyses were performed using the Canadian Community Health Survey (2009-2010), a nationally representative sample (n=12,407) of adolescents aged 12-19 years. Body composition was quantified using BMI, grouping participants into healthy weight, overweight, or obese. The outcome of interest was acute or repetitive strain injury sustained during sport in the previous year...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906796/cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-adolescents-with-celiac-disease-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#6
Amit Assa, Yael Frenkel-Nir, Dorit Tzur, Lior H Katz, Raanan Shamir
BACKGROUND: Recent data have shown that adults with celiac disease (CD) may have a higher prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared with the general population. Thus, we aimed to investigate the association of CD with CVD risk factors at late adolescence in a cross-sectional population based study. METHODS: A total of 2,001,353 Jewish Israeli adolescents who underwent a general health examination at median age of 17.1y from 1988 to 2015 were included...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905645/-morbidity-profile-among-adolescents-with-down-syndrome
#7
Antonia Cárdenas, María A Paul, Catalina Correa, Sebastián Valderrama, Jaime Cerda, Macarena Lizama
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of information about morbidity and mortality of adolescents with Down syndrome (DS). AIM: To describe morbidity and mortality of a cohort of Chilean adolescents with DS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Review of electronic clinical records of 67 ambulatory patients with DS aged 10 to 20 years (37 women), seen between the years 2007 and 2014 in outpatient clinics of a University hospital. RESULTS: The mean age at the last consultation was 13 ± 3 years...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903446/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-an-under-recognized-cause-of-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-in-adolescents-admitted-to-a-children-s-hospital
#8
Sofya Maslyanskaya, Hina J Talib, Jennifer L Northridge, Amanda M Jacobs, Chanelle Coble, Susan M Coupey
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether ovulatory dysfunction due to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common underlying etiology of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) in adolescents requiring hospitalization and to explore etiology, treatment and complications of AUB with severe anemia in adolescents. DESIGN: We identified females aged 8 to 20 years admitted to a children's hospital for treatment of AUB from January 2000 to December 2014. Our hospital protocol advises hormonal testing for PCOS and other disorders prior to treatment for AUB...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900427/the-impact-of-excess-body-fat-on-bone-remodeling-in-adolescents
#9
L N Mosca, T B L Goldberg, V N da Silva, C S Kurokawa, A C B Rizzo, C C da Silva, A Dos Santos Teixeira, J E Corrente
: The impact of excess body fat on bone remodeling was evaluated in overweight, obese, and extremely obese adolescents. In adolescents with excess weight, it was observed that the higher the bone mineral content and bone mineral density values, the lower the levels of the biomarkers. Nutritional imbalances by excess had a negative effect on bone formation in this stage of life. INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of excess body fat on bone remodeling in adolescents...
November 30, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899001/drug-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#10
REVIEW
Emma Mead, Greg Atkinson, Bernd Richter, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Louise Baur, Nicholas Finer, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O'Malley, Louisa J Ells
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of drug interventions for the treatment of obesity in children and adolescents. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed (subsets not available on Ovid), LILACS as well as the trial registers ICTRP (WHO) and ClinicalTrials.gov. Searches were undertaken from inception to March 2016...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890980/bmi-is-a-better-indicator-of-cardiac-risk-factors-as-against-elevated-blood-pressure-in-apparently-healthy-female-adolescents-and-young-adult-students-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-tripura
#11
Surajit Debnath
BACKGROUND: Anthropometric measures are used as indicators of elevated blood pressure, but reported to have variable sensitivity among populations. This study was undertaken to identify the better indicator of Cardiac-risk factors by statistical comparison of BMI, Waist circumference, and Waist to Height (WtHr) ratio in apparently healthy adolescents and young adult female students of Tripura. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a resource limited setup on 210 apparently healthy female adolescents and young adult students in Tripura...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888412/diabetes-screening-in-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents-choosing-the-right-test
#12
Stefan Ehehalt, Susanna Wiegand, Antje Körner, Roland Schweizer, Klaus-Peter Liesenkötter, Carl-Joachim Partsch, Gunnar Blumenstock, Ulrike Spielau, Christian Denzer, Michael B Ranke, Andreas Neu, Gerhard Binder, Martin Wabitsch, Wieland Kiess, Thomas Reinehr
: Type 2 diabetes can occur without any symptoms, and health problems associated with the disease are serious. Screening tests allowing an early diagnosis are desirable. However, optimal screening tests for diabetes in obese youth are discussed controversially. We performed an observational multicenter analysis including 4848 (2668 female) overweight and obese children aged 7 to 17 years without previously known diabetes. Using HbA1c and OGTT as diagnostic criteria, 2.4% (n = 115, 55 female) could be classified as having diabetes...
November 25, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887752/changes-in-plasma-fatty-acid-composition-are-associated-with-improvements-in-obesity-and-related-metabolic-disorders-a-therapeutic-approach-to-overweight-adolescents
#13
Marcela Guerendiain, Rosa Montes, Gemma López-Belmonte, Miguel Martín-Matillas, Ana I Castellote, Elena Martín-Bautista, Amelia Martí, J Alfredo Martínez, Luis Moreno, Jesús Mª Garagorri, Julia Wärnberg, Javier Caballero, Ascensión Marcos, M Carmen López-Sabater, Cristina Campoy
BACKGROUND & AIMS: In recent years, obesity has reached alarming levels among children and adolescents. The study of plasma fatty acid (FA) composition, as a reflection of diet, and its associations with other parameters, that are closely linked to obesity and the cardiometabolic profile, may be useful for setting nutritional goals for obesity treatment and prevention. This study explored the relationship between plasma FA levels and body fat and cardiometabolic risk markers, in overweight adolescents...
November 11, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881930/psychological-consequences-of-childhood-obesity-psychiatric-comorbidity-and-prevention
#14
REVIEW
Jean Rankin, Lynsay Matthews, Stephen Cobley, Ahreum Han, Ross Sanders, Huw D Wiltshire, Julien S Baker
Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century with far-reaching and enduring adverse consequences for health outcomes. Over 42 million children <5 years worldwide are estimated to be overweight (OW) or obese (OB), and if current trends continue, then an estimated 70 million children will be OW or OB by 2025. The purpose of this review was to focus on psychiatric, psychological, and psychosocial consequences of childhood obesity (OBy) to include a broad range of international studies...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881845/prevalence-of-overweight-and-malnutrition-among-ethnic-minority-children-and-adolescents-in-china-1991-2010
#15
Sifan Guo, Chunhua Zhao, Qinghua Ma, Hong-Peng Sun, Chen-Wei Pan
This study aimed to determine the trends in prevalence of childhood overweight and malnutrition in a large Chinese ethnic minority population from 1991 to 2010. In the Chinese National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health from 1991 to 2010, multistage stratified sampling was conducted in the series of cross-sectional studies. Participants were 7-18-year-old students randomly selected by sex and region, and included Han and 26 ethnic minorities. During the survey period, the overall prevalence of overweight increased from 5...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881529/co-occurrence-and-clustering-of-health-conditions-at-age-11-cross-sectional-findings-from-the-millennium-cohort-study
#16
Kathryn R Hesketh, James Fagg, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Helen Bedford, Catherine Law, Steven Hope
OBJECTIVES: To identify patterns of co-occurrence and clustering of 6 common adverse health conditions in 11-year-old children and explore differences by sociodemographic factors. DESIGN: Nationally representative prospective cohort study. SETTING: Children born in the UK between 2000 and 2002. PARTICIPANTS: 11 399 11-year-old singleton children for whom data on all 6 health conditions and sociodemographic information were available (complete cases)...
November 22, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873429/low-association-between-fasting-and-ogtt-stimulated-glucose-levels-with-hba1c-in-overweight-children-and-adolescents
#17
Stefan Ehehalt, Susanna Wiegand, Antje Körner, Roland Schweizer, Klaus-Peter Liesenkötter, Carl-Joachim Partsch, Gunnar Blumenstock, Ulrike Spielau, Christian Denzer, Michael B Ranke, Andreas Neu, Gerhard Binder, Martin Wabitsch, Wieland Kiess, Thomas Reinehr
BACKGROUND: Diabetes and prediabetes are defined based on different methods such as fasting glucose, glucose at 2-hour in oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), and glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). These parameters probably describe different deteriorations in glucose metabolism limiting the exchange between each other in definitions of diabetes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between OGTT and HbA1c in overweight and obese children and adolescents living in Germany...
November 22, 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871636/correlates-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-in-the-national-comorbidity-survey-adolescent-supplement-ncs-a
#18
Benjamin I Goldstein, Carlos Blanco, Jian-Ping He, Kathleen Merikangas
OBJECTIVE: Despite substantial evidence on the prevalence and correlates of overweight and obesity (OW/OB) in adults with bipolar disorder (BD), little is known about this topic in adolescents with BD. METHOD: The method consisted of the National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescent Supplement, a face-to-face survey of mental disorders from 2001 through 2004, using a modified version of the fully structured World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867879/relationship-of-lean-mass-and-obesity-in-indian-urban-children-and-adolescents
#19
M K Garg, Raman K Marwaha, Namita Mahalle, Nikhil Tandon
BACKGROUND: The association of obesity and lean mass (LM) has not been examined well in children and adolescents, and it remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship of body mass index (BMI) categories and regional obesity with total and regional LM in children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 1408 children and adolescents (boys 58.9%; girls 41.1%) divided according to BMI (normal weight 79...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867205/interactive-effects-of-obesity-and-physical-fitness-on-risk-of-ischemic-heart-disease
#20
C Crump, J Sundquist, M A Winkleby, K Sundquist
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Obesity and low physical fitness are known risk factors for ischemic heart disease (IHD), but their interactive effects are unclear. Elucidation of interactions between these common, modifiable risk factors may help inform more effective preventive strategies. We examined interactive effects of obesity, aerobic fitness, and muscular strength in late adolescence on risk of IHD in adulthood in a large national cohort. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted a national cohort study of all 1 547 407 military conscripts in Sweden during 1969-1997 (97-98% of all 18-year-old males each year)...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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