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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719549/long-term-follow-up-of-neonatal-brachial-plexopathy-psychological-and-physical-function-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#1
Lesley Butler, Janith Mills, Heather M Richard, Russell Riddle, Marybeth Ezaki, Scott Oishi
PURPOSE: The prevalence of neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) has been increasing since the early 1980s. No known studies have examined long-term psychological health and quality of life (QOL) in young adults. The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychosocial and intellectual aspects of NBPP during adolescence into young adulthood. METHODS: A total of 31 patients were enrolled in the adolescent group (16 to 18 y) and 25 in the young adult group (23 to 28 y)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718192/cardiometabolic-risks-vary-by-weight-status-in-pediatric-kidney-and-liver-transplant-recipients-a-cross-sectional-single-center-study-in-the-usa
#2
S He, N A Le, J K Frediani, P D Winterberg, R Jin, R Liverman, A Hernandez, R L Cleeton, M B Vos
There is an increasing need to understand long-term metabolic changes and resultant comorbidities because life expectancy is increasing after pediatric kidney and liver transplants. We evaluated differences in classic and novel cardiometabolic biomarkers among obese and normal weight adolescent transplant recipients. We enrolled a total of 80 adolescent (mean±SD, 14.8 years ±3.0) transplant recipients (63 kidney, 17 liver) with mean duration from transplantation of 6.0 (±4.1) years. Among kidney transplant recipients, overweight and obese individuals had higher leptin (16...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711955/the-effect-of-early-feeding-practices-on-growth-indices-and-obesity-at-preschool-children-from-four-european-countries-and-uk-schoolchildren-and-adolescents
#3
George Moschonis, Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain, Louise Jones, Andreia Oliveira, Christina-Paulina Lambrinou, Louiza Damianidi, Sandrine Lioret, Pedro Moreira, Carla Lopes, Pauline Emmett, Marie Aline Charles, Yannis Manios
Not only healthy growth but also childhood obesity partly originate from early life. The current work aimed to examine the association of feeding practices during infancy with growth and adiposity indices in preschool children from four European countries and in UK schoolchildren and adolescents. Existing data from four European birth cohorts (ALSPAC-UK, EDEN-France, EuroPrevall-Greece and Generation XXI-Portugal) were used. Anthropometrics and body composition indices were collected. Parallel multivariate regression analyses were performed to examine the research hypothesis...
July 15, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711316/effect-of-gestational-weight-gain-and-prepregnancy-body-mass-index-in-adolescent-mothers-on-weight-and-body-mass-index-of-adolescent-offspring
#4
Susan W Groth, Margaret L Holland, Joyce A Smith, Ying Meng, Harriet Kitzman
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine the association of the gestational weight gain and prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) of low-income adolescent mothers with the risk of their children being overweight and/or obese in late adolescence. METHODS: Study subjects were low-income, primiparous adolescents (n = 360) who self-identified as black and participated in the New Mothers Study in Memphis, Tennessee, and their children. Gestational weight gain was examined as a continuous variable and also categorized into overgain, recommended gain, and undergain following the 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708572/diet-quality-overweight-and-daily-monetary-allowance-of-greek-adolescents
#5
Dimitrios Poulimeneas, Dimitrios Vlachos, Maria I Maraki, Efstratia Daskalou, Melpomene Grammatikopoulou, Lenia Karathanou, Emma Kotsias, Fotini Tsofliou, Maria Tsigga, Maria G Grammatikopoulou
Objective To investigate cross-correlates of pocket-money on diet quality and weight status of Greek adolescents. Methods A total of 172 adolescents (55.2% boys), aged between 10 and 15 years old were recruited. Body weight and height were measured, body mass index (BMI) was computed. Weight status was assessed according to the International Obesity Task Force criteria and diet quality was evaluated via the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) - 2010. Results Adolescents were allowed a mean allowance of €4.63 ± 3...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707605/self-reported-use-of-nutrition-labels-to-make-food-choices-is-associated-with-healthier-dietary-behaviours-in-adolescents
#6
Amier Haidar, Felicia R Carey, Nalini Ranjit, Natalie Archer, Deanna Hoelscher
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine nutrition label use and dietary behaviours among ethnically diverse middle- and high-school students, in Texas, USA. DESIGN: The School Physical Activity and Nutrition (SPAN) survey is a cross-sectional statewide study using a self-administered questionnaire to assess nutrition and physical activity behaviours. Height and weight measurements were used to determine BMI. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine associations between nutrition label use and dietary behaviours, with gender, grade, ethnicity, BMI, parent education, socio-economic status and nutrition knowledge as covariates...
July 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704494/effects-of-a-multidisciplinary-weight-loss-intervention-in-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents-11-years-of-experience
#7
Chiara Mameli, Jesse C Krakauer, Nir Y Krakauer, Alessandra Bosetti, Chiara Matilde Ferrari, Laura Schneider, Barbara Borsani, Sara Arrigoni, Erica Pendezza, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti
AIMS: To evaluate the effects of an outpatient multidisciplinary weight loss intervention in reducing body mass index (BMI) in children and adolescents suffering overweight and obesity, changes in A Body Shape Index (ABSI, waist circumference normalized to height and weight) and Hip Index (HI, normalized hip circumference) during treatment and correlation between the ABSI and HI with change in BMI z score. METHODS: We analyze anthropometric data from pediatric patients affected by overweight and obesity aged 2 to 18 years old who entered our multidisciplinary weight loss intervention, which included medical, psychological and nutritional sessions, from January 1st 2006 to December 31st 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702719/dietary-iron-intake-and-availability-are-related-to-maternal-education-level-in-overweight-obese-adolescents
#8
Chaleelak Thongprasert, Carol Hutchinson, Warapone Satheannoppakao, Mathuros Tipayamongkholgul
PURPOSE: To compare intakes of dietary iron and enhancers and inhibitors of iron absorption between overweight/obese (OW/OB) adolescents and their normal weight (NW) peers, and between parental education levels stratified by weight status. METHODS: This was a comparative cross-sectional study of adolescents (n 121 OW/OB and n 102 NW) aged 12-14 years, attending a secondary school in Nonthaburi province, Thailand. Socio-demographic data were obtained from participants' parents using a questionnaire...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700699/smoking-during-pregnancy-in-relation-to-grandchild-birth-weight-and-bmi-trajectories
#9
Ming Ding, Changzheng Yuan, Audrey J Gaskins, Alison E Field, Stacey A Missmer, Karin B Michels, Frank Hu, Cuilin Zhang, Matthew W Gillman, Jorge Chavarro
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking has been linked to lower birth weight and higher risk of childhood obesity. However, it is unknown whether grand-maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with grandchildren birth weight and body mass index (BMI) trajectories. METHODS: We investigated associations of smoking during pregnancy with birth weight, risks of overweight and BMI trajectories among 46,858 mother-child dyads and 6,583 grandmother-mother-child triads of three cohort studies of related individuals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699613/profile-of-bullies-and-victims-among-urban-school-going-adolescent-in-gujarat
#10
Harshil Anurag Patel, Jagdish Varma, Shail Shah, Ajay Phatak, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of bullying, identifying bullies, victims and their associations. METHODS: Questionnaire having 'Peer Interaction in Primary Schools' and 'Strength and Difficulty Questionnaire' scales, and demographic information was administered to 7th, 8th and 9th graders (N=1106). RESULTS: Prevalence of bullying was 49%. Boys were more likely to be bullies (P=0.03), whereas students having less friends (P=0.001), overweight/obese (P=0...
July 11, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697745/using-lms-tables-to-determine-waist-circumference-and-waist-to-height-ratios-in-colombian-children-and-adolescents-the-fuprecol-study
#11
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Javier Moreno-Jiménez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Javier Martínez-Torres, Katherine González-Ruiz, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Felipe Lobelo, Antonio Garcia-Hermoso
BACKGROUND: Waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) are often used as indices predictive of central obesity. The aims of this study were: 1) to obtain smoothed centile charts and LMS tables for WC and WHtR among Colombian children and adolescents; 2) to evaluate the utility of these parameters as predictors of overweight and obesity. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted of a sample population of 7954 healthy Colombian schoolchildren [3460 boys and 4494 girls, mean age 12...
July 11, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696134/arterial-stiffness-is-associated-to-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-body-mass-index-in-young-swedish-adults-the-lifestyle-biomarkers-and-atherosclerosis-study
#12
Ulrika Fernberg, Maria Fernström, Anita Hurtig-Wennlöf
Background Early changes in the large muscular arteries are already associated with risk factors as hypertension and obesity in adolescence and young adulthood. The present study examines the association between arterial stiffness measurements, pulse wave velocity and augmentation index and lifestyle-related factors, body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness, in young, healthy, Swedish adults. Design This study used a population-based cross-sectional sample. Methods The 834 participants in the study were self-reported healthy, non-smoking, age 18-25 years...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693117/joint-association-of-screen-time-and-physical-activity-with-anthropometric-measures-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents-the-weight-disorders-survey-of-the-caspian-iv-study
#13
Shirin Djalalinia, Mostafa Qorbani, Negar Rezaei, Ali Sheidaei, Armita Mahdavi-Gorabi, Amir Kasaeian, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Hamid Asayesh, Saeid Safiri, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: This study aims to assess the joint association of screen time (ST) and physical activity (PA) with anthropometric indices among Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: In this national study, 23,183 school students, aged 6-18 years, were studied. By using a multi-stage cluster sampling method, they were selected from rural and urban areas of 30 provinces of Iran. ST and PA were assessed by self-administered validated questionnaires. Height, weight, hip and waist circumferences (WC) were measured according to standard protocols, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693089/-effect-of-genetic-polymorphisms-on-change-in-body-mass-index-and-obesity-status-during-childhood
#14
M X Zhang, H Cheng, X Y Zhao, L J Wu, Y K Yan, J Mi
Objective: The present study aimed to prospectively validate whether the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in obesity-related genes were associated with change in body mass index (BMI) and obesity status during childhood. Methods: Based on the Beijing Child and Adolescent Metabolic Syndrome study (BCAMS), which was initiated between April and October in 2004, we conducted a follow-up study among 1 624 children aged 6 to 11 years old with genetic data in December 2010. A total of 777 children (246 obese and 531 non-obese) were reassessed for BMI...
July 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691976/distinct-lipoprotein-curves-in-normal-weight-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents
#15
Hagar Interator, Yael Lebenthal, Moshe Hoshen, Inbar Safra, Ran Balicer, Moshe Leshno, Raanan Shamir
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric lipoprotein curves are based on population-based samples. As obesity, may alter lipoprotein levels, cut-offs not adjusted for body mass index (BMI) are potentially inappropriate. We aimed to develop distinct serum lipid curves based on sex and BMI-percentiles for children and adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis included all healthy children and adolescents (age range 2-17 years) with available serum lipid concentrations (n = 152,820 of approximately 1...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691170/the-body-mass-index-of-adolescents-attending-seventh-day-adventist-schools-in-australia-2001-2012
#16
Bevan A Craig, Darren P Morton, Lillian M Kent, Terry L Butler, Paul M Rankin, Kevin R Price
BACKGROUND: We examined the body mass index (BMI) of students attending Seventh-day Adventist (Adventist) schools in Australia in 2001 and 2012. METHODS: A total of 3069 students attending Adventist schools in Australia responded to a health and lifestyle survey in 2001 (N = 1335) and 2012 (N = 1734). The survey captured self-reported height and weight, demographics (age, sex, year level, religion), and select health behaviors. RESULTS: Compared with national norms, lower rates of overweight and obesity were observed in the study cohort, but higher rates of underweight...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690989/the-association-between-skeletal-maturation-and-adrenal-androgen-levels-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#17
Sung Eun Kim, Joon Weon Jang, Moon Bae Ahn, Shin-Hee Kim, Won Kyoung Cho, Kyoung Soon Cho, So Hyun Park, Min Ho Jung, Byoung Kyu Suh
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the association between skeletal maturation and adrenal androgen levels in obese children and adolescents. METHODS: Fifty-three children and adolescents (aged 7-15 years) diagnosed as obese or overweight were investigated. Anthropometric measurements, bone age (BA) determination, serum biochemical analyses, and hormonal measurements were performed. The difference between BA and chronological age (BA-CA, dBACA) was calculated and used to represent the degree of advanced skeletal maturation...
June 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679435/associations-between-the-physical-activity-levels-of-fathers-and-their-children-at-20%C3%A2-months-3-5-and-five-years-of-age
#18
Adam D Walsh, David Crawford, Adrian J Cameron, Karen J Campbell, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Early childhood (under five years of age) is a critical developmental period when children's physical activity behaviours are shaped and when physical activity patterns begin to emerge. Physical activity levels track from early childhood through to adolescence with low levels of physical activity associated with poorer health. The aims of this study were to examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between the physical activity levels of fathers and their children at the ages of 20 months, 3...
July 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673098/long-term-metabolic-effects-in-french-canadian-children-and-adolescents-treated-with-second-generation-antipsychotics-in-monotherapy-or-polytherapy-a-24-month-descriptive-retrospective-study
#19
Drigissa Ilies, Anne-Sophie Huet, Eric Lacourse, Geneviève Roy, Emmanuel Stip, Leila Ben Amor
OBJECTIVE: To compare weight and glucose changes of long-term second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) monotherapy versus polytherapy (switching or combining SGAs) in children and adolescents. METHODS: This is a 24-month retrospective study conducted between November 2005 and June 2013. From 147 antipsychotic-naive patients selected (mean age, 12.8 years; 95% confidence interval [CI], 9.8-15.9), 116 (78.9%) received SGA monotherapy and 31 (21.1%) SGA polytherapy for up to 24 months...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672741/joint-association-of-screen-time-and-physical-activity-with-anthropometric-measures-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents-the-weight-disorders-survey-of-the-caspian-iv-study
#20
Shirin Djalalinia, Mostafa Qorbani, Negar Rezaei, Ali Sheidaei, Armita Mahdavi-Gorabi, Amir Kasaeian, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Hamid Asayesh, Saeid Safiri, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: This study aims to assess the joint association of screen time (ST) and physical activity (PA) with anthropometric indices among Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: In this national study, 23,183 school students, aged 6-18 years, were studied. By using a multi-stage cluster sampling method, they were selected from rural and urban areas of 30 provinces of Iran. ST and PA were assessed by self-administered validated questionnaires. Height, weight, hip and waist circumferences (WC) were measured according to standard protocols, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
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