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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430913/prediction-of-adverse-events-after-catheter-based-procedures-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-in-the-impact-registry
#1
Ada C Stefanescu Schmidt, Aimee Armstrong, Kevin F Kennedy, David Nykanen, Jamil Aboulhosn, Ami B Bhatt
Aims: We sought to identify factors associated with major adverse events (MAE) after cardiac catheterization in adolescents and adults with congenital heart disease (CHD), and create the first model to individualize risk discussions in this growing population. Methods and results: Improving Pediatric and Adult Congenital Treatment (IMPACT), a National Cardiovascular Data Registry, contains congenital catheterization data from over 87 hospitals in the United States...
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429483/management-of-periodontal-health-in-children-pediatric-dentistry-and-periodontology-interface
#2
REVIEW
Bernadette K Drummond, Michael G Brosnan, Jonathan W Leichter
The oral health of children and adolescents mirrors their general health. Because oral health care is often delivered in isolation from general health care, oral signs and symptoms do not always alert practitioners to their significance beyond the mouth. An important example of this is the association of a higher risk of dental caries and periodontal disease in children and adolescents with overweight, obesity and prediabetic conditions. Oral-health practitioners need to consider the health conditions that their patients may have...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427374/prenatal-determinants-of-physical-activity-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-adolescence-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1986-study
#3
Marjaana Tikanmäki, Tuija Tammelin, Marja Vääräsmäki, Marika Sipola-Leppänen, Satu Miettola, Anneli Pouta, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Eero Kajantie
BACKGROUND: Lower levels of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are key risk factors of chronic adult diseases. Physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are predicted by birth weight, but the underlying parental and pregnancy-related factors remain largely unknown. We examined how prenatal determinants are associated with physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in adolescence. METHODS: Of the 16-year-old members of the population-based Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 (NFBC 1986), 6682 singletons with no major physical disability reported their amount of physical activity outside school hours, and 4706 completed a submaximal cycle ergometer test assessing cardiorespiratory fitness...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427273/association-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-duration-with-systemic-inflammation-markers-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Laura Sinausía, Javier S Perona
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding duration has been associated with less low-grade inflammation in healthy adolescents, but there is scarce information regarding obese subjects. This study aimed to evaluate whether exclusive breastfeeding is related to serum concentrations of inflammatory markers in a population of Spanish adolescents. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was performed on 1,001 adolescents (13.2 ± 1.2 years) randomly recruited from schools in southeast Spain...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426902/hepatic-steatosis-after-pediatric-liver-transplant
#5
Emily R Perito, Tabitha Vase, Rageshree Ramachandran, Andrew Phelps, Kuang-Yu Jen, Robert H Lustig, Vickie A Feldstein, Philip Rosenthal
RATIONALE: Hepatic steatosis develops after liver transplant in 30% of adults, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease in non-transplanted children. However, post-transplant steatosis has been minimally studied in pediatric liver transplant recipients. We explored the prevalence, persistence, and association with chronic liver damage of hepatic steatosis in these children. RESULTS: In this single-center study of pediatric patients transplanted 1988-2015 (n=318), 31% of those with any post-transplant biopsy (n=271) had ≥1 biopsy with steatosis...
April 20, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420918/the-role-of-psychological-eating-styles-in-obesity-among-turkish-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Nalan Hakime Nogay
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between eating behaviours and adiposity indicators including body mass index, waist-hip ratio and waist-height ratio in adolescents. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at Kirklareli University Health College, Kirklareli, Turkey, from April to June 2014, and comprised students of the 2013-14 academic year. Height and weight were measured and students' body mass indexes were calculated. Waist and hip circumferences were measured...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420576/prevalence-of-hypertension-and-prehypertension-in-adolescence-in-ahvaz-iran
#7
Armaghan Moravej Aleali, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi, Homeira Rashidi, Seyed Peyman Payami, Azar Sabet
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is a risk factor for some disease like stroke, coronary heart disease, and renal failure. High blood pressure in children is an increasing health problem. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine prevalence of hypertension and pre-hypertension age between 10 to 17 years old. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This descriptive analytic study was conducted using multiphase sampling method in Ahvaz (Southwest of Iran)...
April 7, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416073/-the-implications-of-using-different-body-mass-index-references-in-children-and-adolescents
#8
Dorthe Corfitzen Pedersen, Seija Pearson, Jennifer Lyn Baker
To classify children as overweight or obese, their body mass index (BMI) must be compared with a growth reference and be accompanied by a clinical assessment. In Denmark, there is a lack of consensus on which BMI reference to use; a mix of national and international references are used in clinics, hospitals and research institutions. In this article, the implications of using different references are illustrated with Danish data. The comparisons show that the references yield different prevalences of overweight in a non-predictable way, making comparisons and monitoring challenging...
April 3, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412868/prevalence-of-pre-high-blood-pressure-and-high-blood-pressure-among-non-overweight-children-and-adolescents-using-international-blood-pressure-references-in-developed-regions-china
#9
Changwei Tian, Shuang Xu, Hua Wang, Wenming Wang, Hui Shen
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of data on the prevalence of pre high blood pressure (PreHBP) and high blood pressure (HBP), based on recent international blood pressure references, in non-overweight children and adolescents. AIM: To describe the prevalence of PreHBP and HBP in non-overweight children and adolescents in developed regions of China. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 588,097 non-overweight children and adolescents aged 6-17 years from National Surveys on Chinese Students' Constitution and Health in 2015 were included...
April 16, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412185/coexistence-of-risk-behaviors-for-being-overweight-among-brazilian-adolescents
#10
Nathália Luíza Ferreira, Rafael Moreira Claro, Sueli Aparecida Mingoti, Aline Cristine Souza Lopes
This study aimed to evaluate the magnitude of and the factors associated with the coexistence of risk behaviors for being overweight among Brazilian adolescents. This is a cross-sectional study with a representative sample of adolescents (mostly aged 13-15years) enrolled from public and private schools of Brazil in 2012. The co-occurring sedentary behavior and inadequate food consumption (regular intake of sugary and fried foods, and irregular consumption of fruits and vegetables-FV) was estimated using a Venn diagram...
April 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407234/mediterranean-diet-decreases-adolescent-waist-circumference
#11
Flora Bacopoulou, Georgios Landis, Anastasios Rentoumis, Artemis Tsitsika, Vasiliki Efthymiou
BACKGROUND: To explore the effects of a multicomponent-multilevel school-based educational intervention on the nutritional habits and abdominal obesity indices of a representative adolescent sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A representative sample of 1,610 adolescents aged 12-17 years in 23 public high schools of three municipalities in the Attica region in Greece, participated in a program funded by the European Union (August 2013-August 2014). Participants underwent dietary assessment with the use of the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index in children and adolescents (KIDMED), blood pressure assessment and screening for general and abdominal obesity by measuring body mass index, waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), at baseline and following a six-month school-based intervention...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404492/overweight-and-obesity-in-indonesia-prevalence-and-risk-factors-a-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
C N Rachmi, M Li, L Alison Baur
OBJECTIVES: Overweight/obesity is a problem faced by both high- and low- and middle-income countries. This review aimed to report published data on the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Indonesian children, adolescents, and adults, along with the associated risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. METHODS: We conducted a literature search for articles published in English (through Medline via OvidSP, Scopus, Global Health via OvidSP and Web of Science electronic databases) and Indonesian languages (several websites, direct contact with Indonesian public health researchers, practitioners and Ministry of Health staff) from earliest to March 2016...
March 6, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404477/perceptions-and-attitudes-about-body-weight-and-adherence-to-the-physical-activity-recommendation-among-adolescents-the-moderating-role-of-body-mass-index
#13
H Sampasa-Kanyinga, H A Hamilton, J Willmore, J-P Chaput
OBJECTIVE: We examined the associations between perceptions and attitudes about body weight and adherence to the physical activity recommendation (PAR) for adolescents to achieve ≥60 min/day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and tested whether body mass index (BMI) was a moderator of these relationships. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Self-reported data from Canadian adolescents (n = 4299) who participated in the 2013 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey were analysed...
February 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404476/body-size-ideals-and-dissatisfaction-in-ghanaian-adolescents-role-of-media-lifestyle-and-well-being
#14
N Michels, S D Amenyah
OBJECTIVES: To inspire effective health promotion campaigns, we tested the relationship of ideal body size and body size dissatisfaction with (1) the potential resulting health-influencing factors diet, physical activity and well-being; and (2) with media as a potential influencer of body ideals. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study in 370 Ghanaian adolescents (aged 11-18 years). METHODS: Questionnaires included disordered eating (EAT26), diet quality (FFQ), physical activity (IPAQ), well-being (KINDL) and media influence on appearance (SATAQ: pressure, internalisation and information)...
February 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401646/exploring-the-association-between-childhood-and-adolescent-obesity-and-depression-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Ying-Hui Quek, Wilson W S Tam, Melvyn W B Zhang, Roger C M Ho
This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the association between childhood and adolescent obesity and depression. We systematically searched PubMed, PsycInfo, EMBASE and Science Direct for studies that compared prevalence of depression and depressive symptoms in normal weight and obese children and adolescents. Observational studies were included if they reported body mass index and assessed depression by validated instruments or diagnostic interviews. Quality assessment was performed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale...
April 12, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398850/ethnic-differences-in-lipid-profiles-of-overweight-obese-and-severely-obese-children-and-adolescents-6-19-years-of-age
#16
Sarita Dhuper, Nagla S Bayoumi, Yash D Shah, Shilpa Mehta
BACKGROUND: Ethnic differences in lipid profiles exist in children and adolescents. This study assessed whether variations in lipid profiles present in overweight and obese youth were also observed in severely obese youth. Variations could explain the lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in certain ethnic groups at even severe levels of obesity. METHODS: Data were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for the years of 2001 through 2012...
February 16, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395461/-analysis-of-the-epidemiological-characteristics-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-10-16-adolescents-in-7-provinces-in-china-2012
#17
Z H Wang, Z Y Zou, S Wang, Y H Dong, Z G Yang, Z P Yang, X J Wang, J Ma
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) among children and adolescents aged 10-16 years old in 7 provinces in China. Methods: Using the method of stratified cluster random sampling, 93 primary and secondary schools were selected from Guangdong, Hunan, Liaoning, Shanghai, Chongqing, Tianjin, and Ningxia provinces in China. A total of 9 296 students aged 10-16 years old with complete physical and biochemical parameters were selected as the subjects of the present study from above 93 primary and secondary schools...
April 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395460/-the-endemic-distribution-and-related-factors-of-elevated-blood-pressure-among-chinese-children-and-adolescents-aged-7-18-years-in-2014
#18
Z Y Zou, Y H Dong, J Ma
Objective: To investigate the endemic distribution and related factors of elevated blood pressure in Chinese children and adolescents aged 7 to 18 years old. Methods: A total of 214 354 students aged 7 to 18 years old with data integrity of height, weight, and blood pressure were selected from Chinese National Survey on Students Constitution and Health in 2014, including 31 provinces (with the exception of Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan) in China. The criterion of elevated blood pressure was defined by the diagnosis and treatment guideline of high blood pressure in US children and adolescent...
April 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393546/nutrition-behaviors-and-sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-overweight-in-the-multi-ethnic-adolescents-of-new-caledonia
#19
Stéphane Frayon, Sophie Cherrier, Yolande Cavaloc, Amandine Touitou, Paul Zongo, Guillaume Wattelez, Kalina Yacef, Corinne Caillaud, Yannick Lerrant, Olivier Galy
OBJECTIVES: New Caledonia is a multi-ethnic French territory in the Pacific, characterized by communities with widely varying nutritional habits. Little is currently known about adolescent food behaviors and habits and their association with overweight. This study therefore determined the sociodemographic factors and food behaviors associated with overweight and underweight in this population, as well as the factors associated with skipping breakfast. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among New Caledonian adolescents using a self-administered questionnaire; anthropometric measurements were also taken...
April 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390006/psychometric-properties-of-the-weight-self-stigma-questionnaire-wssq-among-a-sample-of-overweight-obese-french-speaking-adolescents
#20
Christophe Maïano, Annie Aimé, Geneviève Lepage, Alexandre J S Morin
PURPOSE: The Weight Self-Stigma Questionnaire (WSSQ) was recently developed to assess the internalization of weight stigma among English-speaking overweight and obese adults. The objective of the present study was to develop and examine the psychometric properties of a French version of the WSSQ, as well as its applicability to adolescents. METHODS: The sample comprised 156 overweight and obese adolescents (81 boys, 75 girls, M age = 16.31). The factor validity and the convergent validity of the French version of the WSSQ were examined using a confirmatory factor analysis and a structural equation model, respectively...
April 7, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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