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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245020/killing-two-birds-with-one-stone-association-between-tobacco-and-alcohol-consumption
#1
REVIEW
A M Reis, C Quintal, Ó Lourenço
OBJECTIVES: Tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption are addictive behaviours, listed among the 10 leading risk factors that cause death and disability in the world, and health consequences are greater if their consumption is combined. There is sparse empirical evidence on the variables that influence the simultaneous consumption of tobacco and alcohol. This study aims to identify the variables that influence the joint decision to consume alcohol and tobacco, and that encourage drinkers to smoke...
December 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244862/application-of-system-dynamics-and-participatory-spatial-group-model-building-in-animal-health-a-case-study-of-east-coast-fever-interventions-in-lundazi-and-monze-districts-of-zambia
#2
Chisoni Mumba, Eystein Skjerve, Magda Rich, Karl M Rich
East Coast Fever (ECF) is the most economically important production disease among traditional beef cattle farmers in Zambia. Despite the disease control efforts by the government, donors, and farmers, ECF cases are increasing. Why does ECF oscillate over time? Can alternative approaches such as systems thinking contribute solutions to the complex ECF problem, avoid unintended consequences, and achieve sustainable results? To answer these research questions and inform the design and implementation of ECF interventions, we qualitatively investigated the influence of dynamic socio-economic, cultural, and ecological factors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244823/cost-effectiveness-of-national-health-insurance-programs-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#3
Son Nghiem, Nicholas Graves, Adrian Barnett, Catherine Haden
OBJECTIVES: National health insurance is now common in most developed countries. This study reviews the evidence and synthesizes the cost-effectiveness information for national health insurance or disability insurance programs across high-income countries. DATA SOURCES: A literature search using health, economics and systematic review electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Medline, Econlit, RepEc, Cochrane library and Campbell library), was conducted from April to October 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244738/design-of-an-air-pollution-monitoring-campaign-in-beijing-for-application-to-cohort-health-studies
#4
REVIEW
Sverre Vedal, Bin Han, Jia Xu, Adam Szpiro, Zhipeng Bai
No cohort studies in China on the health effects of long-term air pollution exposure have employed exposure estimates at the fine spatial scales desirable for cohort studies with individual-level health outcome data. Here we assess an array of modern air pollution exposure estimation approaches for assigning within-city exposure estimates in Beijing for individual pollutants and pollutant sources to individual members of a cohort. Issues considered in selecting specific monitoring data or new monitoring campaigns include: needed spatial resolution, exposure measurement error and its impact on health effect estimates, spatial alignment and compatibility with the cohort, and feasibility and expense...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244192/daily-hassles-score-associates-with-the-somatic-and-psychological-health-of-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#5
Orly Sarid, Vered Slonim-Nevo, Ruslan Sergienko, Avihu Pereg, Elena Chernin, Terri Singer, Dan Greenberg, Doron Schwartz, Hillel Vardi, Michael Friger, Shmuel Odes
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of daily hassles with the somatic and psychological health of Crohn's disease (CD) patients. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 400 self-selected adult CD patients was performed with completion of demographic, medical, and psychosocial questionnaires: economic status; Patient Harvey-Bradshaw Index of disease activity; Daily Hassles Scale (DHS); Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (SIBDQ) and Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36 Physical and Mental Health) quality of life measures; Brief Symptom Inventory of psychological stress with summary Global Severity Index (GSI); Family Assessment Device; and List of Threatening Life Experiences...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244019/prevalence-healthcare-resource-utilization-and-overall-burden-of-fungal-meningitis-in-the-united-states
#6
Lefko T Charalambous, Alykhan Premji, Caroline Tybout, Anastasia Hunt, Drew Cutshaw, Aladine A Elsamadicy, Siyun Yang, Jichun Xie, Charles Giamberardino, Promila Pagadala, John R Perfect, Shivanand P Lad
PURPOSE: Previous epidemiological and cost studies of fungal meningitis have largely focused on single pathogens, leading to a poor understanding of the disease in general. We studied the largest and most diverse group of fungal meningitis patients to date, over the longest follow-up period, to examine the broad impact on resource utilization within the United States. METHODOLOGY: The Truven Health Analytics MarketScan database was used to identify patients with a fungal meningitis diagnosis in the United States between 2000 and 2012...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243816/two-decades-of-persisting-income-disparities-in-dental-caries-among-u-s-children-and-adolescents
#7
Gary Douglas Slade, Anne Elizabeth Sanders
OBJECTIVE: To describe trends in income disparities in dental caries among U.S. children and adolescents during two decades of fluctuating economic growth. METHODS: Data were from National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys conducted in 1988-1994, 1999-2004, and 2011-2014. The number of tooth surfaces with dental caries experience per child was computed for three age groups: 2-5, 6-11, and 12-17 years. Absolute and relative measures of inequality compared caries experience in families below the poverty level with families where income was at least three times the poverty threshold...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243513/evaluation-of-health-care-costs-and-utilization-for-patients-with-gout-a-population-based-matched-cohort-study
#8
Yi-Yun Lee, Chao-Hsiun Tang, Jin-Hua Chen, Li-Na Kuo, Yu Ko
OBJECTIVES: To better understand the economic burden of gout patients in Taiwan, we conducted a nationwide retrospective study to compare the healthcare costs and utilization between gout and gout-free patients. METHODS: The Longitudinal Health Insurance Database (LHID) 2010 was used to identify gout cases and matched gout-free controls. Gout cases were defined as having (1) at least three instances of diagnoses of gout on medical claims or (2) one diagnosis of gout with at least one gout-related pharmacy claim in 2011...
December 15, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243500/designing-medical-technology-for-resilience-integrating-health-economics-and-human-factors-approaches
#9
Simone Borsci, Ijeoma Uchegbu, Peter Buckle, Zhifang Ni, Simon Walne, George B Hanna
The slow adoption of innovation into healthcare calls into question the manner of evidence generation for medical technology. This paper identifies potential reasons for this including a lack of attention to human factors, poor evaluation of economic benefits, lack of understanding of the existing healthcare system and a failure to recognise the need to generate resilient products. Areas covered. Recognising a cross-disciplinary need to enhance evidence generation early in a technology's life cycle, the present paper proposes a new approach that integrates human factors and health economic evaluation as part of a wider systems approach to the design of technology...
December 15, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243399/diabetic-foot-ulcer-management-in-clinical-practice-in-the-uk-costs-and-outcomes
#10
Julian F Guest, Graham W Fuller, Peter Vowden
The aim of this study was to estimate the patterns of care and annual levels of health care resource use attributable to managing diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) in clinical practice by the UK's National Health Service (NHS), and the associated costs of patient management. This was a retrospective cohort analysis of the records of 130 patients with a newly diagnosed DFU in The Health Improvement Network (THIN) database. Patients' characteristics, wound-related health outcomes and health care resource use were quantified, and the total NHS cost of patient management was estimated at 2015-2016 prices...
December 15, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243043/quality-of-life-in-a-broader-perspective-does-ascot-reflect-the-capability-approach
#11
M S van Loon, K M van Leeuwen, R W J G Ostelo, J E Bosmans, G A M Widdershoven
PURPOSE: Economic evaluation of services and interventions in care services tends to focus on quality of life(QoL) based on health-related measures such as EQ5D, with a major focus on health and functioning. The Capability Approach (CA) provides an alternative framework for measuring QoL and challenges some of the conventional issues in the current practice of measurement of QoL. The Adult Social Care Outcomes Toolkit (ASCOT) aims to measure social care-related QoL in a broad sense. This article investigates whether and, if so, how the ASCOT addresses issues put on the agenda by the CA...
December 14, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243016/health-status-and-experience-of-the-migrant-workers-returned-from-spain-to-colombia-a-qualitative-approach
#12
Carolina Zapata-Villa, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez, Doris Cardona-Arango, Elena Ronda-Pérez
This study aims to understand the migratory experience and the employment, work and health conditions of the returned migrants from Spain to Colombia. A qualitative study was conducted by means of 23 semi-structured interviews with Colombian returned migrant workers. Qualitative narrative content analysis was performed using Atlas.Ti software. Main findings are represented by nine categories emerged from the participants' discourses: (1) impact of the economic crisis on work and employment conditions in Spain, (2) economic crisis and return, (3) characteristics of returnees, (4) perception of the returnees about Colombia, (5) the role of social support networks, (6) employment and working conditions in Colombia, (7) health and wellbeing, (8) future plans and expectations, (9) the experience of being immigrant...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242752/out-of-pocket-expenditures-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-general-and-specialised-cardiac-hospitals-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-cohort-study
#13
Mieraf Taddesse Tolla, Ole Frithjof Norheim, Stéphane Verguet, Abebe Bekele, Kassahun Amenu, Senbeta Guteta Abdisa, Kjell Arne Johansson
Background: Cardiovascular disease poses a great financial risk on households in countries without universal health coverage like Ethiopia. This paper aims to estimate the magnitude and intensity of catastrophic health expenditure and factors associated with catastrophic health expenditure for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease in general and specialised cardiac hospitals in Addis Ababa. Methods and findings: We conducted a cross-sectional cohort study among individuals who sought cardiovascular disease care in selected hospitals in Addis Ababa during February to March 2015 (n=589, response rate 94%)...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242751/prevalence-of-non-communicable-disease-risk-factors-in-three-sites-across-papua-new-guinea-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Patricia Rarau, Gwendalyn Vengiau, Hebe Gouda, Suparat Phuanukoonon, Isi H Kevau, Chris Bullen, Robert Scragg, Ian Riley, Geoffrey Marks, Masahiro Umezaki, Ayako Morita, Brian Oldenburg, Barbara McPake, Justin Pulford
Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a culturally, environmentally and ethnically diverse country of 7.3 million people experiencing rapid economic development and social change. Such development is typically associated with an increase in non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors. Aim: To establish the prevalence of NCD risk factors in three different regions across PNG in order to guide appropriate prevention and control measures. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken with randomly selected adults (15-65 years), stratified by age and sex recruited from the general population of integrated Health and Demographic Surveillance Sites in West Hiri (periurban), Asaro (rural highland) and Karkar Island (rural island), PNG...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242717/prevalence-treatments-and-medical-cost-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-japan-based-on-analysis-of-a-health-insurance-claims-database
#15
Mieko Ogino, Shuichi Okamoto, Hiroyuki Ohta, Mariko Sakamoto, Yusuke Nakamura, Kosuke Iwasaki, Manami Yoshida, Shinzo Hiroi, Izumi Kawachi
Objective: To understand, through an analysis of health insurance claims data, the current treatment status and medical cost of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Japan. Methods: We analyzed claims data (January 2005-January 2016) from the Japan Medical Data Center Co., Ltd., identifying MS patients, except those with neuromyelitis optica, using an algorithm based on diagnosis codes. Prescription drug usage and medical costs for MS patients were analyzed. Results: A total of 713 MS patients were identified in the database...
November 2017: Clinical & Experimental Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242019/global-variations-in-the-level-of-cancer-related-research-activity-and-correlation-to-cancer-specific-mortality-proposal-for-a-global-curriculum
#16
C Are, A Caniglia, Mohammed Malik, L Smith, Charmaine Cummings, Carine Lecoq, R Berman, R Audisio, L Wyld
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to analyze global variations in the level of cancer-related research activity and correlate this with cancer-specific mortality. METHODS: The SCOPUS database was explored to obtain data relating to the number of cancer-related publications per country. Cancer-specific mortality rates were obtained from the World Health Organization. Global variations in the level of scholarly activity were analyzed and correlated with variations in cancer-specific mortality...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242017/global-curriculum-in-research-literacy-for-the-surgical-oncologist
#17
C Are, U Yanala, G Malhotra, B Hall, L Smith, C Cummings, C Lecoq, L Wyld, R A Audisio, R S Berman
BACKGROUND: The ability to provide optimal care to cancer patients depends on awareness of current evidence-based practices emanating from research or involvement in research where circumstances permit. The significant global variations in cancer-related research activity and its correlation to cancer-specific outcomes may have an influence on the care provided to cancer patients and their outcomes. The aim of this project is to develop a global curriculum in research literacy for the surgical oncologist...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241901/comparison-of-timed-automata-with-discrete-event-simulation-for-modeling-of-biomarker-based-treatment-decisions-an-illustration-for-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#18
Koen Degeling, Stefano Schivo, Niven Mehra, Hendrik Koffijberg, Rom Langerak, Johann S de Bono, Maarten J IJzerman
BACKGROUND: With the advent of personalized medicine, the field of health economic modeling is being challenged and the use of patient-level dynamic modeling techniques might be required. OBJECTIVES: To illustrate the usability of two such techniques, timed automata (TA) and discrete event simulation (DES), for modeling personalized treatment decisions. METHODS: An early health technology assessment on the use of circulating tumor cells, compared with prostate-specific antigen and bone scintigraphy, to inform treatment decisions in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer was performed...
December 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241897/nephrectomy-complication-is-a-risk-factor-of-clinically-meaningful-decrease-in-health-utility-among-living-kidney-donors
#19
Kossar Hosseini, Abdou Y Omorou, Jacques Hubert, Willy Ngueyon Sime, Marc Ladrière, Francis Guillemin
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinically relevant change in health state utility (HSU) in living kidney donors and whether this change value is constant across measures and clinical conditions and is useful for health economics studies. We aimed to 1) measure the change in the HSU score for living kidney donors from before donation to 3 months after donation and 2) estimate the minimal important decrease (MIDe) in the HSU score for living kidney donors and its associated clinical factors...
December 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241896/an-exploratory-study-on-using-principal-component-analysis-and-confirmatory-factor-analysis-to-identify-bolt-on-dimensions-the-eq-5d-case-study
#20
Aureliano Paolo Finch, John Edward Brazier, Clara Mukuria, Jakob Bue Bjorner
OBJECTIVE: Generic preference-based measures such as the EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire (EQ-5D) are used in economic evaluation, but may not be appropriate for all conditions. When this happens, a possible solution is adding bolt-ons to expand their descriptive systems. Using review-based methods, studies published to date claimed the relevance of bolt-ons in the presence of poor psychometric results. This approach does not identify the specific dimensions missing from the Generic preference-based measure core descriptive system, and is inappropriate for identifying dimensions that might improve the measure generically...
December 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
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