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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058290/mental-health-status-assessment-in-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-infertility-patients-a-pilot-study
#1
Sai-Jiao Li, Dan-Ni Zhou, Wei Li, Jing Yang
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a major endocrine disorder afflicting women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS are more likely to suffer from mental health disturbances than healthy women. The "infertility" suffered by PCOS patients would also lead to mental health disturbances. Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) and questionnaire which includes patients' socio-economic and demographic data were used to assess the mental health status of PCOS (n=103) and non-PCOS (n=110) infertile patients. Logistic regression analysis and t-tests were used for comparative analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057822/risk-levels-of-toxic-cyanobacteria-in-portuguese-recreational-freshwaters
#2
Carina Menezes, Catarina Churro, Elsa Dias
Portuguese freshwater reservoirs are important socio-economic resources, namely for recreational use. National legislation concerning bathing waters does not include mandatory levels or guidelines for cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins. This is an issue of concern since cyanotoxin-based evidence is insufficient to change the law, and the collection of scientific evidence has been hampered by the lack of regulatory levels for cyanotoxins in bathing waters. In this work, we evaluate the profile of cyanobacteria and microcystins (MC) in eight freshwater reservoirs from the center of Portugal, used for bathing/recreation, in order to determine the risk levels concerning toxic cyanobacteria occurrence...
October 18, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057382/ethnic-variations-in-sexual-behaviours-and-sexual-health-markers-findings-from-the-third-british-national-survey-of-sexual-attitudes-and-lifestyles-natsal-3
#3
Sonali Wayal, Gwenda Hughes, Pam Sonnenberg, Hamish Mohammed, Andrew J Copas, Makeda Gerressu, Clare Tanton, Martina Furegato, Catherine H Mercer
BACKGROUND: Sexual health entails the absence of disease and the ability to lead a pleasurable and safe sex life. In Britain, ethnic inequalities in diagnoses of sexually transmitted infections (STI) persist; however, the reasons for these inequalities, and ethnic variations in other markers of sexual health, remain poorly understood. We investigated ethnic differences in hypothesised explanatory factors such as socioeconomic factors, substance use, depression, and sexual behaviours, and whether they explained ethnic variations in sexual health markers (reported STI diagnoses, attendance at sexual health clinics, use of emergency contraception, and sexual function)...
October 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057344/utilization-of-vertebroplasty-and-kyphoplasty-procedures-throughout-the-united-states-over-a-recent-decade-an-analysis-of-the-nationwide-inpatient-sample
#4
Joseph L Laratta, Jamal N Shillingford, Joseph M Lombardi, John D Mueller, Hemant Reddy, Comron Saifi, Charla R Fischer, Steven C Ludwig, Lawrence G Lenke, Ronald A Lehman
BACKGROUND: Given the increasing societal focus on health care utilization and value-based care, it is essential to understand the demographic and economic data surrounding percutaneous vertebral augmentation procedures performed in the United States. Double-blinded prospective randomized controlled trials have shown no benefit to the use of vertebroplasty over a sham procedure in the treatment of vertebral fractures. Contrastingly, kyphoplasty may be beneficial when appropriately indicated...
September 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057335/potential-health-and-economic-benefits-of-three-locally-grown-nuts-in-nigeria-implications-for-developing-countries
#5
Ayomadewa Mercy Olatunya, Oladele Simeon Olatunya, Emmanuel Temitope Akintayo
Malnutrition and lack of economic sustainability are major problems in developing countries. This study was conducted to evaluate and compare the nutrients' contents of three locally grown nuts in Nigeria (local groundnut, Kampala groundnut and breadnut) and highlight their health and economic potentials. Proximate analysis, chemical properties, minerals and fatty acids composition of the nuts were determined. The highest protein, crude fibre and carbohydrate contents were found in Kampala groundnut, local groundnut and breadnut respectively...
October 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057152/modeling-dr-dynasaur-2-0-coverage-and-finance-proposals-effects-of-the-expansion-of-vermont-s-dr-dynasaur-program-to-all-individuals-through-age-25
#6
Andrew W Dick, Carter C Price, Dulani Woods, Deborah Anne Freund, Martin McNamara, Steven P Schramm, Elrycc Berkman, Tom Dehner
The authors assessed an expansion of Vermont's Dr. Dynasaur program that would cover all residents age 25 and younger. The current Dr. Dynasaur program combines Vermont's Medicaid program and Child Health Insurance Program for children ages 0 through 18 to provide a seamless insurance program for those with family incomes below 317 percent of the federal poverty level. The authors used RAND's COMPARE-VT microsimulation model with Vermont-specific demographic, economic, and actuarial data to estimate the effects on health insurance coverage, costs, and premiums...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056870/an-update-on-childhood-lead-poisoning
#7
Marissa Hauptman, Rebecca Bruccoleri, Alan D Woolf
Childhood lead poisoning is a multi-faceted, complex condition, which affects not only the child's health and well-being, but also the family's housing security, economic status, job security, and stress level. This review updates the emergency department clinician on the management of childhood lead poisoning. Infants and children are at higher risk than adults for lead exposure due to their smaller size and proportionately larger dose of ingested toxins, their proximity to ground dirt and indoor dust, their energy and curiosity, their oral exploratory and pica behaviors, their proportionately larger daily water and milk intake, and dietary preferences that differ markedly from those of adults...
September 2017: Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056815/the-educational-gradient-in-health-in-china
#8
Qiulin Chen, Karen Eggleston, Wei Zhang, Jiaying Zhao, Sen Zhou
It has been well established that better educated individuals enjoy better health and longevity. In theory, the educational gradients in health could be flattening if diminishing returns to improved average education levels and the influence of earlier population health interventions outweigh the gradient-steepening effects of new medical and health technologies. This paper documents how the gradients are evolving in China, a rapidly developing country, about which little is known on this topic. Based on recent mortality data and nationally representative health surveys, we find large and, in some cases, steepening educational gradients...
June 2017: China Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056794/duration-and-quality-of-the-peer-review-process-the-author-s-perspective
#9
Janine Huisman, Jeroen Smits
To gain insight into the duration and quality of the scientific peer review process, we analyzed data from 3500 review experiences submitted by authors to the SciRev.sc website. Aspects studied are duration of the first review round, total review duration, immediate rejection time, the number, quality, and difficulty of referee reports, the time it takes authors to revise and resubmit their manuscript, and overall quality of the experience. We find clear differences in these aspects between scientific fields, with Medicine, Public health, and Natural sciences showing the shortest durations and Mathematics and Computer sciences, Social sciences, Economics and Business, and Humanities the longest...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056672/immuno-detection-of-c3a-a-c3-complement-activated-product-in-mastitis-milk-a-potential-diagnostic-marker
#10
Thanislass Jacob, Gangasudan Subramani, Prathiba Sivaprakasam, Antony P Xavier, Hirak K Mukhopadhyay
The sub-clinical form of mastitis is difficult to detect and causes huge economic loss to the dairy industry. It has become a threat to public health at large, thus there is a need for definite diagnosis of the disease. Therefore, this study was undertaken to identify the novel diagnostic marker for the detection of the sub-clinical form of mastitis. Two-dimensional gel analysis of the whey protein fraction of normal and mastitis milk samples revealed the presence of proteose peptone component 3 precursor, Trypsin precursor, complement component-C3, Ig heavy chain precursors and a C-type lectin domain as differentially expressed protein during the early stage of mastitis...
February 23, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056536/predicting-risk-of-pelvic-floor-disorders-12-and-20-years-after-delivery
#11
J Eric Jelovsek, Kevin Chagin, Maria Gyhagen, Suzanne Hagen, Don Wilson, Michael W Kattan, Andrew Elders, Matthew D Barber, Björn Areskoug, Christine MacArthur, Ian Milsom
BACKGROUND: Little progress has been made in preventing pelvic floor disorders despite their significant health and economic impact. Identifying women at risk remains a key element in targeting prevention and planning health resource allocation strategies. Although events around the time of childbirth are clinically recognized as important predictors, it is difficult to counsel women and intervene around the time of childbirth due to an inability to accurately convey a patient's risk in the presence of multiple risk factors and the long time lapse, often decades, between obstetric events and the onset of pelvic floor disorders later in life...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056385/research-and-application-of-non-traditional-chemical-stabilizers-on-bauxite-residue-red-sand-dust-control-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Guang Xu, Xuhan Ding, Mahinda Kuruppu, Wei Zhou, Wahidul Biswas
Bauxite residue is a by-product of aluminium processing. It is usually stored in large-scale residue drying area (RDA). The bauxite residue is highly alkaline and contains a large percentage of metal oxides which are hazardous to the environment and human health. Therefore, the generated dust is a major environmental concern that needs to be addressed and efficiently managed. One of the major dust generation sources is from the coarse fraction of the bauxite residue named red sand. To minimize the environmental and health impacts, non-traditional chemical stabilizers can be applied to construct a binding surface crust with certain hardness and strength...
October 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056069/quantifying-the-relationship-between-capability-and-health-in-older-people-can-t-map-won-t-map
#13
Matthew Franklin, Katherine Payne, Rachel A Elliott
BACKGROUND: Intuitively, health and capability are distinct but linked concepts. This study aimed to quantify the link between a measure of health status (EQ-5D-3L) and capability (ICECAP-O) using regression-based methods. METHODS: EQ-5D-3L and ICECAP-O data were collected from a sample of older people ( n = 584), aged over 65 years, requiring a hospital visit and/or care home resident, and recruited to one of 3 studies forming the Medical Crisis in Older People (MCOP) program in England...
October 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055500/long-term-systemic-corticosteroid-exposure-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
J Bradford Rice, Alan G White, Lauren M Scarpati, George Wan, Winnie W Nelson
PURPOSE: While corticosteroids are relatively inexpensive and commonly used as treatment for a variety of conditions, long-term use is known to be associated with certain toxicities. Prior systematic reviews have revealed an increased risk for costly adverse events (AEs), including bone fracture, infection, and gastrointestinal bleeding. The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic literature review of recent publications on the burden of long-term corticosteroid exposure, specifically, to summarize the AEs and economic impact of long-term corticosteroid use and to reveal data gaps for additional research...
October 18, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055266/geographical-inequalities-in-health-in-a-time-of-austerity-baseline-findings-from-the-stockton-on-tees-cohort-study
#15
R Bhandari, A Kasim, J Warren, N Akhter, C Bambra
Stockton-on-Tees has the highest geographical inequalities in health in England with the life expectancy at birth gap between the most and deprived neighbourhoods standing at over 17 years for men and 11 years for women. In this study, we provide the first detailed empirical examination of this geographical health divide by: estimating the gap in physical and general health (as measured by EQ. 5D, EQ. 5D-VAS and SF8PCS) between the most and least deprived areas; using a novel statistical technique to examining the causal role of compositional and contextual factors and their interaction; and doing so in a time of economic recession and austerity...
October 18, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055149/the-implementation-of-knowledge-dissemination-in-the-prevention-of-occupational-skin-diseases
#16
A Wilke, U Bollmann, S Cazzaniga, A Hübner, S M John, J Karadzinska-Bislimovska, D Mijakoski, D Šimić, D Simon, F Sonsmann, S Stoleski, P Weinert, B Wulfhorst
BACKGROUND: Occupational skin diseases (OSD) have a high medical, social, economic and political impact. Knowledge dissemination from research activities to key stakeholders involved in health care is a prerequisite to make prevention effective. OBJECTIVES: To study and prioritize different activity fields and stakeholders that are involved in the prevention of OSD, to reflect on their inter-relationships, to develop a strategic approach for knowledge dissemination and to develop a hands-on tool for OSD prevention projects METHODS: Seven different activity fields that are relevant in the prevention of OSD have been stepwise identified...
October 21, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054789/cost-effectiveness-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-uk-a-modelling-study-and-health-economic-evaluation
#17
Valentina Cambiano, Alec Miners, David Dunn, Sheena McCormack, Koh Jun Ong, O Noel Gill, Anthony Nardone, Monica Desai, Nigel Field, Graham Hart, Valerie Delpech, Gus Cairns, Alison Rodger, Andrew N Phillips
BACKGROUND: In the UK, HIV incidence among men who have sex with men (MSM) has remained high for several years, despite widespread use of antiretroviral therapy and high rates of virological suppression. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has been shown to be highly effective in preventing further infections in MSM, but its cost-effectiveness is uncertain. METHODS: In this modelling study and economic evaluation, we calibrated a dynamic, individual-based stochastic model, the HIV Synthesis Model, to multiple data sources (surveillance data provided by Public Health England and data from a large, nationally representative survey, Natsal-3) on HIV among MSM in the UK...
October 17, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053818/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-nitrocompounds-on-salmonella-colonization-and-ileal-immune-gene-expression-in-laying-hens-challenged-with-salmonella-enteritidis
#18
Pratima Adhikari, D E Cosby, N A Cox, W K Kim
Foodborne disease caused by Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) is one of the important public health and economic concerns. A study was conducted to determine the effect of supplementation with 2-nitroethanol (NE) and 2-nitropropanol (NP) on Salmonella recovery of internal organs as well as on the immune gene expression in the ileum of laying hens. Thirty-six White Leghorns were orally gavaged with nalidixic acid resistant Salmonella Enteritidis (SENR). Hens were housed individually in wire-laying cages and randomly assigned to six dietary treatments: T1 = SENR unchallenged (negative control), T2 = SENR challenged (positive control), T3 = SENR challenged + 100 ppm NE, T4 = SENR challenged + 200 ppm NE, T5 = SENR challenged + 100 ppm NP, and T6 = SENR challenged + 200 ppm NP...
October 5, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052955/factors-associated-with-the-introduction-of-complementary-feeding-in-the-french-elfe-cohort-study
#19
Marie Bournez, Eléa Ksiazek, Sandra Wagner, Claire Kersuzan, Christine Tichit, Séverine Gojard, Xavier Thierry, Marie-Aline Charles, Sandrine Lioret, Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain, Sophie Nicklaus
The objectives of this study were to estimate the age of complementary feeding introduction (CFI) and investigate the related health, demographic, and socio-economic factors. Analyses were based on 10,931 infants from the French national birth cohort ELFE, born in 2011. Health, demographic, and socio-economic data concerning infants and parents were collected at birth (face-to-face interviews and medical records) and 2 months (telephone interviews). Data on milk feeding and CFI practices were collected at birth and 2 months then monthly from 3 to 10 months using online or paper questionnaires...
October 20, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052566/analysis-on-inpatient-health-expenditures-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-in-a-grade-a-tertiary-hospital-in-beijing
#20
Xin Liu, Yong-Hui Mao, Xue-Mei He, Yan-Jing Zhang, Ying Sun
BACKGROUND: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common type of malignant renal tumors with a growing incidence in the recent years. This study aimed to investigate the influencing factors and variation trend of hospitalization expenditures among RCC patients in a single-centered hospital in Beijing during 5 consecutive years and to find the major cost items and fluctuation tendency of inpatient medical expenditures. METHODS: The information of medical expenditures among RCC patients in a Grade-A tertiary hospital during the years 2012-2016 was investigated to find the main cost items and changes affecting the medical cost structure...
October 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
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