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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545182/breast-cancer-in-australian-indigenous-women-incidence-mortality-and-risk-factors
#1
Kriscia A Tapia, Gail Garvey, Mark Mc Entee, Mary Rickard, Patrick Brennan
The Indigenous people of Australia face significant health gaps compared with the general population, with lower life expectancies, higher rates of death, and chronic illness occurring more often than in non-indigenous Australians. Cancer is the second largest contributor to the burden of disease with breast cancer being the most common invasive cancer diagnosed for females. Despite a lower breast cancer incidence compared with non-indigenous women, fatalities occur at an elevated rate and breast cancers have an earlier age of onset...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545094/economic-evaluation-of-policy-options-for-dialysis-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-under-the-universal-health-coverage-in-indonesia
#2
Afiatin, Levina Chandra Khoe, Erna Kristin, Lusiana Siti Masytoh, Eva Herlinawaty, Pitsaphun Werayingyong, Mardiati Nadjib, Sudigdo Sastroasmoro, Yot Teerawattananon
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the value for money and budget impact of offering hemodialysis (HD) as a first-line treatment, or the HD-first policy, and the peritoneal dialysis (PD) first policy compared to a supportive care option in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in Indonesia. METHODS: A Markov model-based economic evaluation was performed using local and international data to quantify the potential costs and health-related outcomes in terms of life years (LYs) and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545031/sociodemographic-and-economic-factors-are-associated-with-weight-gain-between-before-and-after-cancer-diagnosis-results-from-the-prospective-population-based-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-cohort
#3
Philippine Fassier, Laurent Zelek, Patrick Bachmann, Marina Touillaud, Nathalie Druesne-Pecollo, Valentin Partula, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Patrice Cohen, Hélène Hoarau, Paule Latino-Martel, Bernard Srour, Rebeca Gonzalez, Mélanie Deschasaux, Mathilde Touvier
PURPOSE: While many cancer patients are affected by weight loss, others tend to gain weight, which may impact prognosis and risk of recurrence and of second cancer. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate weight variation between before and after cancer diagnosis and socio-demographic, economic, lifestyle and clinical factors associated with moderate-to-severe weight gain. METHODS: 1051 incident cases of first primary cancer were diagnosed in the NutriNet-Santé cohort between 2009 and 2015...
May 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544924/impact-of-primary-care-on-hospital-admission-rates-for-diabetes-patients-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
R J Wolters, J C C Braspenning, M Wensing
High-quality primary care for diabetes patients may be related to lowered hospital admissions. A systematic search was performed to assess the impact of structure, process, and outcome of primary diabetes care on hospital admission rates, considering patient characteristics. Studies on diabetes patients in primary care with hospitalisation rates as outcomes published between January 1996 and December 2015 were included. Indicators of quality of care (access, continuity and structure of care, process, and outcome indicators) and patient characteristics (age, gender, ethnicity, insurance, socio-economic status, diabetes characteristics, co-morbidity, and health-related lifestyle) were extracted...
May 10, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544871/signs-of-social-class-the-experience-of-economic-inequality-in-everyday-life
#5
Michael W Kraus, Jun Won Park, Jacinth J X Tan
By some accounts, global economic inequality is at its highest point on record. The pernicious effects of this broad societal trend are striking: Rising inequality is linked to poorer health and well-being across countries, continents, and cultures. The economic and psychological forces that perpetuate inequality continue to be studied, and in this theoretical review, we examine the role of daily experiences of economic inequality-the communication of social class signals between interaction partners-in this process...
May 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544553/dna-barcoding-meets-nanotechnology-development-of-a-smart-universal-tool-for-food-authentication
#6
Paola Valentini, Andrea Galimberti, Valerio Mezzasalma, Fabrizio De Mattia, Maurizio Casiraghi, Massimo Labra, Pier Paolo Pompa
Food trade globalization and the growing demand for selected food varieties have led to the intensification of adulteration cases, especially in the form of species substitution/mixing with cheaper taxa. This phenomenon acquired huge economic impact and sometimes even public health implications. DNA barcoding represents a well-proven molecular tool to assess the authenticity of food items, although its diffusion is hampered by analytical constraints and timeframes that are often prohibitive for food market...
May 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544421/japan-s-115-year-trend-of-inter-prefectural-disparities-in-under-five-mortality
#7
Chie Nagata, Akinori Moriichi, Naho Morisaki, Ruoyan Gai-Tobe, Akira Ishiguro, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: Child poverty is a growing, serious issue in Japan, where various social disparities are widening. Numerous reports have focused on the relationship between social inequity and health. However, few studies have assessed how the overall magnitude of disparities in child health has changed over the course of drastic social and economic transitions from 1899 to more recent times. In this study, we assessed the trend of the under-five mortality rate (U5MR) and its inter-prefectural disparities in Japan...
May 23, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544163/the-impact-of-clinical-practice-on-the-outcome-of-central-venous-access-devices-in-children-with-haemophilia
#8
K Khair, S Ranta, A Thomas, K Lindvall
INTRODUCTION: Central venous access devices facilitate home treatment in boys with haemophilia. These are usually fully implanted lines, referred to as ports. Caregivers are taught to manage the port using sterile techniques and maintaining patency by flushing with saline or heparin solution. National and international guidelines for the home care of ports are lacking. AIM: To evaluate if infection or occlusion rates differ between home care regimens used for ports in children with haemophilia...
May 24, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543019/the-burden-of-chronic-spontaneous-urticaria-is-substantial-real-world-evidence-from-assure-csu
#9
Marcus Maurer, Mohamed Abuzakouk, Frédéric Bérard, Walter Canonica, Hanneke Oude Elberink, Ana Giménez-Arnau, Clive Grattan, Kelly Hollis, André Knulst, Jean-Philippe Lacour, Charles Lynde, Alexander Marsland, Doreen McBride, Alla Nakonechna, Javier Ortiz de Frutos, Christina Proctor, Gordon Sussman, Carolyn Sweeney, Haijun Tian, Karsten Weller, Daniel Wolin, Maria-Magdalena Balp
BACKGROUND: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) can be debilitating, difficult to treat, and frustrating for patients and physicians. Real-world evidence for the burden of CSU is limited. The objective of this study was to document disease duration, treatment history, and disease activity, as well as impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and work among patients with inadequately controlled CSU, and to describe its humanistic, societal, and economic burden. METHODS: This international observational study assessed a cohort of 673 adult patients with CSU whose symptoms persisted for ≥12 months despite treatment...
May 19, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542615/taking-dietary-habits-into-account-a-computational-method-for-modeling-food-choices-that-goes-beyond-price
#10
Rahmatollah Beheshti, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Takeru Igusa
Computational models have gained popularity as a predictive tool for assessing proposed policy changes affecting dietary choice. Specifically, they have been used for modeling dietary changes in response to economic interventions, such as price and income changes. Herein, we present a novel addition to this type of model by incorporating habitual behaviors that drive individuals to maintain or conform to prior eating patterns. We examine our method in a simulated case study of food choice behaviors of low-income adults in the US...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542575/the-anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-effects-of-melatonin-on-lps-stimulated-bovine-mammary-epithelial-cells
#11
Guang-Min Yu, Hirokazu Kubota, Miki Okita, Teruo Maeda
Mastitis is the most prevalent disease in dairy cattle worldwide and not only causes huge economic losses in the dairy industry but also threatens public health. To evaluate the therapeutic potential of melatonin in mastitis, we examined the ability of melatonin to protect bovine mammary epithelial cells (bMECs) from the harmful effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We found that melatonin inhibited the LPS-binding protein-CD14-TLR4 signaling pathway in bMECs, which had opposing effects on pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory mediators...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542552/osteoporosis-associated-vertebral-fractures-health-economic-implications
#12
Julian Joestl, Nikolaus Lang, Adam Bukaty, Thomas M Tiefenboeck, Patrick Platzer
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis-associated vertebral fractures represent an increasing clinical and public health problem, one with important socioeconomic effects within western countries. The purpose of this study was to analyse demographic, medical, gender and socioeconomic aspects of osteoporotic vertebral fractures of the thoracic or lumbar spine over a period of at least 10-years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Included for analysis were 694 patients who had suffered a vertebral fracture due to primary or secondary osteoporosis, and who were treated at our Level-I trauma center between 2000 and 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542540/elevation-as-a-proxy-for-mosquito-borne-zika-virus-transmission-in-the-americas
#13
Alexander G Watts, Jennifer Miniota, Heather A Joseph, Oliver J Brady, Moritz U G Kraemer, Ardath W Grills, Stephanie Morrison, Douglas H Esposito, Adriano Nicolucci, Matthew German, Maria I Creatore, Bradley Nelson, Michael A Johansson, Gary Brunette, Simon I Hay, Kamran Khan, Marty Cetron
INTRODUCTION: When Zika virus (ZIKV) first began its spread from Brazil to other parts of the Americas, national-level travel notices were issued, carrying with them significant economic consequences to affected countries. Although regions of some affected countries were likely unsuitable for mosquito-borne transmission of ZIKV, the absence of high quality, timely surveillance data made it difficult to confidently demarcate infection risk at a sub-national level. In the absence of reliable data on ZIKV activity, a pragmatic approach was needed to identify subnational geographic areas where the risk of ZIKV infection via mosquitoes was expected to be negligible...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542399/cost-effectiveness-of-a-school-based-health-promotion-program-in-canada-a-life-course-modeling-approach
#14
John Paul Ekwaru, Arto Ohinmaa, Bach Xuan Tran, Solmaz Setayeshgar, Jeffrey A Johnson, Paul J Veugelers
BACKGROUND: The Alberta Project Promoting active Living and healthy Eating in Schools (APPLE Schools) has been recognized as a "best practice" in preventing childhood obesity. To inform decision making on the economic implications of APPLE Schools and to justify investment, we evaluated the project's cost-effectiveness following a life-course approach. METHODS: We developed a state transition model for the lifetime progression of body weight status comparing elementary school students attending APPLE Schools and control schools...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542362/a-window-dea-based-efficiency-evaluation-of-the-public-hospital-sector-in-greece-during-the-5-year-economic-crisis
#15
Angeliki Flokou, Vassilis Aletras, Dimitris Niakas
The main objective of this study was to apply the non-parametric method of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to measure the efficiency of Greek NHS hospitals between 2009-2013. Hospitals were divided into four separate groups with common characteristics which allowed comparisons to be carried out in the context of increased homogeneity. The window-DEA method was chosen since it leads to increased discrimination on the results especially when applied to small samples and it enables year-by-year comparisons of the results...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542256/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-mdad-and-child-development-a-manitoba-population-based-study
#16
Brenda Comaskey, Noralou P Roos, Marni Brownell, Murray W Enns, Dan Chateau, Chelsea A Ruth, Okechukwu Ekuma
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between maternal depression and anxiety disorders (MDAD) and child development assessed during the kindergarten year. METHODS: Administrative data from several health and social databases in Manitoba, Canada, were used to study 18,331 mother-child pairs. MDAD over the period from one year prior to the child's birth to the kindergarten year was defined using physician diagnoses and filled prescriptions. Child development was assessed during the kindergarten year using the Early Development Instrument (EDI) which measures vulnerability across five domains of development...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542227/health-beliefs-of-school-age-rural-children-in-podoconiosis-affected-families-a-qualitative-study-in-southern-ethiopia
#17
Abebayehu Tora, Getnet Tadele, Abraham Aseffa, Colleen M McBride, Gail Davey
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested investigation of health beliefs in children to be an important pre-condition for primary prevention of disease. However, little effort has been made to understand these in the context of podoconiosis. This study therefore aimed to explore the health beliefs of school-age rural children in podoconiosis-affected families. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cross sectional qualitative study was conducted in March 2016 in Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia...
May 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542184/estimation-of-the-cost-effectiveness-of-hiv-prevention-portfolios-for-people-who-inject-drugs-in-the-united-states-a-model-based-analysis
#18
Cora L Bernard, Douglas K Owens, Jeremy D Goldhaber-Fiebert, Margaret L Brandeau
BACKGROUND: The risks of HIV transmission associated with the opioid epidemic make cost-effective programs for people who inject drugs (PWID) a public health priority. Some of these programs have benefits beyond prevention of HIV-a critical consideration given that injection drug use is increasing across most United States demographic groups. To identify high-value HIV prevention program portfolios for US PWID, we consider combinations of four interventions with demonstrated efficacy: opioid agonist therapy (OAT), needle and syringe programs (NSPs), HIV testing and treatment (Test & Treat), and oral HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)...
May 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542064/assessing-community-leadership-understanding-community-capacity-for-health-improvement
#19
Billie Castle, Monica Wendel, Brandy N Kelly Pryor, Monique Ingram
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to pilot a quantitative instrument to measure aspects of community leadership within an assessment framework. DESIGN: The instrument includes 14 Likert-type questions asking residents how they perceive leaders within 5 sectors: Louisville Metro Council/Mayor's Office, the faith community, education, business, and the civic sector. SETTING: Louisville/Jefferson County, Kentucky, has a population of about 743 000 residents...
July 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541804/introduction-to-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-and-the-healthcare-infection-control-practices-advisory-committee-guideline-for-the-prevention-of-surgical-site-infections
#20
Joseph S Solomkin, John Mazuski, Joan C Blanchard, Kamal M F Itani, Philip Ricks, E Patchen Dellinger, George Allen, Rachel Kelz, Caroline E Reinke, Sandra I Berríos-Torres
Surgical site infection (SSI) is a common type of health-care-associated infection (HAI) and adds considerably to the individual, social, and economic costs of surgical treatment. This document serves to introduce the updated Guideline for the Prevention of SSI from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). The Core section of the guideline addresses issues relevant to multiple surgical specialties and procedures. The second procedure-specific section focuses on a high-volume, high-burden procedure: Prosthetic joint arthroplasty...
May 2017: Surgical Infections
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