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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029184/low-plasma-adiponectin-concentrations-predict-increases-in-visceral-adiposity-and-insulin-resistance
#1
Seung Jin Han, Edward J Boyko, Wilfred Y Fujimoto, Steven E Kahn, Donna L Leonetti
Context: Plasma adiponectin concentration has been shown to be inversely associated with body mass index (BMI) and insulin resistance in cross-sectional research. However, it is unclear whether adiponectin predicts future body composition and insulin resistance. Objective: To investigate the potential relationship between adiponectin concentration and future regional body fat distribution and insulin resistance. Design and Setting: Community-based prospective cohort study with 5 years of follow-up...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028919/physical-activity-producing-low-but-not-medium-or-higher-vertical-impacts-is-inversely-related-to-bmi-in-older-adults-findings-from-a-multi-cohort-study
#2
Ahmed Elhakeem, Kimberly Hannam, Kevin C Deere, April Hartley, Emma M Clark, Charlotte Moss, Mark H Edwards, Elaine Dennison, Tim Gaysin, Diana Kuh, Andrew Wong, Cyrus Cooper, Rachel Cooper, Jon H Tobias
Background: High impact physical activity (PA) is thought to improve skeletal health but its relation to other health outcomes are unclear. We investigated associations between PA impact magnitude and body mass index (BMI) in older adults. Methods: Data were from the Cohort for Skeletal Health in Bristol and Avon (COSHIBA), Hertfordshire Cohort Study and MRC National Survey of Health and Development. Vertical accelerations peaks from seven-day hip-worn accelerometer recordings were used to classify PA as low (0...
September 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026796/effects-of-the-crossfit-exercise-data-analysis-on-body-composition-and-blood-profiles
#3
Eun-Ju Choi, Wi-Young So, Taikyeong Ted Jeong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026505/indicator-for-success-of-obesity-reduction-programs-in-adolescents-body-composition-or-body-mass-index-evaluating-a-school-based-health-promotion-project-after-12-weeks-of-intervention
#4
Naser Kalantari, Nastaran Keshavarz Mohammadi, Shahram Rafieifar, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Atefeh Aminifard, Hanieh Malmir, Narjes Ashoori, Sheyda Abdi, Maryam Gholamalizadeh, Saeid Doaei
BACKGROUND: Obesity in adolescence is the strongest risk factor for obesity in adulthood. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention on different anthropometric indices in 12-16-year-old boy adolescents after 12 Weeks of Intervention. METHODS: A total of 96 male adolescents from two schools participated in this study. The schools were randomly assigned to intervention (53 students) and control school (43 students). Height and weight of students were measured and their body mass index (BMI) was calculated...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024557/body-composition-measurement-in-young-children-using-quantitative-magnetic-resonance-a-comparison-with-air-displacement-plethysmography
#5
L-W Chen, M-T Tint, M V Fortier, I M Aris, L P-C Shek, K H Tan, V S Rajadurai, P D Gluckman, Y-S Chong, K M Godfrey, M S Kramer, C J Henry, F Yap, Y S Lee
BACKGROUND: Quantitative magnetic resonance (QMR) has been increasingly used to measure human body composition, but its use and validation in children is limited. OBJECTIVE: We compared body composition measurement by QMR and air displacement plethysmography (ADP) in preschool children from Singapore's multi-ethnic Asian population (n = 152; mean ± SD age: 5.0 ± 0.1 years). METHODS: Agreements between QMR-based and ADP-based fat mass and fat mass index (FMI) were assessed using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), reduced major axis regression and Bland-Altman plot analyses...
October 12, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023899/visceral-adiposity-increases-risk-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-male-patients-with-cirrhosis-and-recurrence-after-liver-transplant
#6
Aldo J Montano-Loza, Vera C Mazurak, Maryam Ebadi, Judith Meza-Junco, Michael B Sawyer, Vickie E Baracos, Norman Kneteman
Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is a metabolically active organ, associated with higher risk of malignancies. We aimed to evaluate if VAT is associated with the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients presenting with cirrhosis as well as HCC recurrence after liver transplantation (LT). Cirrhotic patients (n=678; 457 males) who were assessed for LT (289 with HCC) were evaluated for body composition analysis. Patients who underwent LT (n=247, 168 males) were subsequently evaluated for body composition, and 96 of these patients (78 males) had HCC...
October 10, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022288/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-general-dietary-advice-versus-a-very-low-energy-diet-in-an-obese-outpatient-population-in-australia
#7
Rebecca L Venchiarutti, Karen Byth, Jonathan L Marks, Ashwini Chand, Caron S Blumenthal
PURPOSE: Obesity is a major public health burden. Outpatient clinics are an essential resource for individuals with obesity to access advice for weight loss management. The aim of this study was to compare anthropometric and weight loss outcomes between participants receiving general dietary (GD) advice, and those on a very low energy diet (VLED) under non-trial conditions. METHODS: Data from 276 adults with obesity attending a multidisciplinary weight management clinic were analysed...
October 11, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022158/clinical-utility-of-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-in-patients-with-locoregional-muscle-invasive-or-metastatic-urothelial-carcinoma-a-subanalysis-of-changes-in-body-composition-during-neoadjuvant-systemic-chemotherapy
#8
Makito Miyake, Takuya Owari, Takashi Iwamoto, Yosuke Morizawa, Shunta Hori, Nagaaki Marugami, Keiji Shimada, Kota Iida, Kenta Ohnishi, Daisuke Gotoh, Yoshihiro Tatsumi, Yasushi Nakai, Takeshi Inoue, Satoshi Anai, Kazumasa Torimoto, Katsuya Aoki, Tatsuo Yoneda, Nobumichi Tanaka, Kiyohide Fujimoto
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical utility of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in a cohort of patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC). METHODS: We prospectively evaluated body composition in 35 patients with locoregional muscle invasive (≥ T2 and N0-2M0) or metastatic UC. Body composition was evaluated using multifrequency BIA at baseline (n = 35) and during chemotherapy in patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (n = 14)...
October 11, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020988/haloperidol-affects-bones-while-clozapine-alters-metabolic-parameters-sex-specific-effects-in-rats-perinatally-treated-with-phencyclidine
#9
Tatjana Nikolić, Milan Petronijević, Jelena Sopta, Milica Velimirović, Tihomir Stojković, Gordana Jevtić Dožudić, Milan Aksić, Nevena V Radonjić, Nataša Petronijević
BACKGROUND: The presentation of schizophrenia (SCH) symptoms differs between the sexes. Long-term treatment with antipsychotics is frequently associated with decreased bone mineral density, increased fracture risk and metabolic side effects. Perinatal phencyclidine (PCP) administration to rodents represents an animal model of SCH. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of chronic haloperidol and clozapine treatment on bone mass, body composition, corticosterone, IL-6 and TNF-α concentrations and metabolic parameters in male and female rats perinatally treated with PCP...
October 11, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020674/obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-two-diseases-with-a-need-for-combined-treatment-strategies-easo-can-lead-the-way
#10
Deborah R Leitner, Gema Frühbeck, Volkan Yumuk, Karin Schindler, Dragan Micic, Euan Woodward, Hermann Toplak
Obesity is a chronic metabolic disease affecting adults and children worldwide. It has become one of the leading causes of death, as obesity is known to be the main risk factor for a number of non-communicable diseases, in particular type 2 diabetes. This close relationship led to the connotation 'diabesity', highlighting the fact that the majority of individuals with diabetes are overweight or obese. Until today the BMI is still used to classify overweight and obesity. Since reduced muscle mass is highly prevalent throughout the BMI range, the measurement of body composition is strongly recommended...
October 12, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019789/mexican-cohort-study-predates-but-predicts-the-type-of-body-composition-changes-expected-from-the-mexican-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax
#11
Barry M Popkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018783/effects-of-erythrocyte-membrane-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-overweight-obese-and-morbidly-obese-korean-women
#12
Ha-Neul Choi, Jung-Eun Yim
BACKGROUND: The levels of erythrocyte polyunsaturated fatty acids (FAs) may be associated with obesity, metabolic syndrome, and cancer. Thus, we investigated the association between erythrocyte n-3 and n-6 FA composition, body mass index (BMI), and biochemical profiles. METHODS: The body composition, dietary intake, and blood parameters, including serum lipid, glucose, insulin, adipokines, oxidative stress, and erythrocyte FA, were assessed in 66 overweight and obese women (average age, 43...
September 2017: Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018628/combined-moderate-and-high-intensity-exercise-with-dietary-restriction-improves-cardiac-autonomic-function-associated-with-a-reduction-in-central-and-systemic-arterial-stiffness-in-obese-adults-a-clinical-trial
#13
Min Hu, Shen Wang, Dan Wang, Qinhao Lai, Xiaoying Chen, Shiwei Duan, Mengke Zhao, Junhao Huang
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess the effects of exercise with dietary restriction on cardiac autonomic activity, arterial stiffness, and cardiovascular biomarkers in obese individuals. METHODS: Seventeen obese adults completed an 8-week exercise and dietary program. Anthropometry, body composition, and multiple biochemical markers were measured. We used carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), central blood pressure, and augmentation index (AIx) to assess arterial stiffness...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017906/clustering-of-multiple-energy-balance-related-behaviors-is-associated-with-body-fat-composition-indicators-in-adolescents-results-from-the-helena-and-elana-studies
#14
Naiara Ferraz Moreira, Gloria Valeria da Veiga, Alba María Santaliestra-Pasías, Odysseas Androutsos, Magdalena Cuenca-García, Alessandra Silva Dias de Oliveira, Rosangela Alves Pereira, Anelise Bezerra de Vasconcelos de Moraes, Karen Van den Bussche, Laura Censi, Marcela González-Gross, David Cañada, Frederic Gottrand, Anthony Kafatos, Ascensión Marcos, Kurt Widhalm, Dénes Mólnar, Luis Alberto Moreno
The objective of this study was to identify clustering patterns of four energy balance-related behaviors (EBRB): television (TV) watching, moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA), consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V), and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), among European and Brazilian adolescents. EBRB associations with different body fat composition indicators were then evaluated. Participants included adolescents from eight European countries in the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescents) study (n = 2,057, 53...
October 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017362/association-between-uncoupling-protein-2-adiponectin-and-resting-energy-expenditure-in-obese-women-with-normal-and-low-resting-energy-expenditure
#15
Zahra Taghadomi Masoumi, Mohammad Reza Eshraghian, Mahdi Hedayati, Hamideh Pishva
Obesity is recognized as the most prevalent metabolic disease worldwide. Decreases in energy expenditure may increase risk of obesity. One of the key regulators of energy balance is uncoupling protein2 (UCP2), a transporter protein presents in mitochondrial inner membrane. Moreover, adiponectin is the most abundant adipocytokine, it may play a role in energy metabolism and gene expression of UCP2. The aim of this study was to investigate potential associations between the level of uncoupling protein 2 and adiponectin and their relationship with REE (Resting Energy Expenditure) in obese women with normal and low resting energy expenditure...
October 10, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017016/participation-in-moderate-to-vigorous-leisure-time-physical-activity-is-related-to-decreased-visceral-adipose-tissue-in-adults-with-spinal-cord-injury
#16
Chelsea A Pelletier, Maryam Omidvar, Masae Miyatani, Lora Giangregorio, B Catharine Craven
Increased visceral adiposity place individuals with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) at increased risk of cardiometabolic disease. The purpose of this study was to identify if people with chronic SCI who participate in any moderate-to-vigorous intensity leisure time physical activity (LTPA) have lower visceral adipose tissue (VAT) area compared to those who report none. Participants included 136 adult men (n = 100) and women (n = 36) with chronic [mean (±SD) 15.6±11.3 years post injury] tetraplegia (n = 66) or paraplegia (n = 70) recruited from a tertiary rehabilitation hospital...
October 10, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016876/recruit-fitness-as-a-predictor-of-police-academy-graduation
#17
M Shusko, L Benedetti, M Korre, E J Eshleman, A Farioli, C A Christophi, S N Kales
Background: Suboptimal recruit fitness may be a risk factor for poor performance, injury, illness, and lost time during police academy training. Aims: To assess the probability of successful completion and graduation from a police academy as a function of recruits' baseline fitness levels at the time of academy entry. Methods: Retrospective study where all available records from recruit training courses held (2006-2012) at all Massachusetts municipal police academies were reviewed and analysed...
September 2, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016492/characterizing-the-functional-decline-of-older-women-with-incident-urinary-incontinence
#18
Candace Parker-Autry, Denise K Houston, Julia Rushing, Holly E Richter, Leslee Subak, Alka M Kanaya, Stephen B Kritchevsky
OBJECTIVE: To characterize change in physical performance and differential prevalence of low skeletal muscle mass and strength (sarcopenia) and lower 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations among older women who developed urinary incontinence (UI) symptoms. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study. Urinary incontinence symptoms were assessed using validated questions. The Short Physical Performance Battery measured physical performance...
October 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016475/relationship-between-physiological-off-ice-testing-on-ice-skating-and-game-performance-in-division-i-women-s-ice-hockey-players
#19
Michelle Boland, Emily M Miele, Katie Delude
The purpose was to identify off-ice testing variables that correlate to skating and game performance in Division I collegiate women ice hockey players. Twenty female, forward and defensive players (19.95 ± 1.35 yr) were assessed for weight, height, percent fat mass (%FAT), bone mineral density, predicted one repetition maximum (RM) absolute and relative (REL%) bench press (BP) and hex bar deadlift (HDL), lower body explosive power, anaerobic power, countermovement vertical jump (CMJ), maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP), and on-ice repeated skate sprint (RSS) performance...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016472/longitudinal-changes-in-body-composition-throughout-successive-seasonal-phases-among-canadian-university-football-players
#20
Justin Kim, Patrick Delisle-Houde, Ryan Er Reid, Ross E Andersen
The purpose of this study was to assess changes in body composition during seasonal phases of the training year among Canadian Inter-University Sport (CIS) football players. Forty university football players were assessed for anthropometry, total body composition, regional body composition and central adiposity over a 7-month period including the summer-off-season and the in-season. Baseline testing occurred in April, prior to the summer-off-season, and follow-ups were completed prior to training camp, at the beginning of August, and following the in-season, at the beginning of November...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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