keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Body composition"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451141/associations-between-body-composition-indices-and-metabolic-disorders-in-chinese-adults-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#1
Rong Zhang, Sheng-Yong Dong, Fei Wang, Cong Ma, Xiao-Lan Zhao, Qiang Zeng, Ao Fei
Background: Obesity induces dyslipidemia, hypertension, glucose intolerance, and inflammatory state, which results in atherogenic processes, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. We usually use body composition indices, such as body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage (BFP), waist circumference-height ratio (WHtR), and waist-hip ratio (WHR) to reflect the obesity. The aim of this large population-based cross-sectional study was to investigate the associations between body composition indices and metabolic parameters in Chinese adults...
February 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450728/winter-vitamin-d-3-supplementation-does-not-increase-muscle-strength-but-modulates-the-igf-axis-in-young-children
#2
Charlotte Mortensen, Christian Mølgaard, Hanne Hauger, Michael Kristensen, Camilla T Damsgaard
PURPOSE: To explore whether muscle strength, the insulin-like growth factor axis (IGF-axis), height, and body composition were associated with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and affected by winter vitamin D supplementation in healthy children, and furthermore to explore potential sex differences. METHODS: We performed a double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-response winter trial at 55ºN. A total of 117 children aged 4-8 years were randomly assigned to either placebo, 10, or 20 µg/day of vitamin D 3 for 20 weeks...
February 15, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449791/influence-of-acute-consumption-of-caffeine-vs-placebo-over-bia-derived-measurements-of-body-composition-a-randomized-double-blind-crossover-design
#3
Cassie M Williamson, Brett S Nickerson, Emily E Bechke, Cherilyn N McLester, Brian M Kliszczewicz
Background: Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is often used to estimate total body water (TBW), intracellular body water (ICW), extracellular body water (ECW), and body fat percentage (BF%). A common restriction for BIA analysis is abstinence from caffeine 12-h prior to testing. However, research has yet to determine whether the consumption of caffeine influences BIA testing results. The purpose of this study was to determine if the consumption of caffeine influences BIA-derived BF% and body water values in habitual caffeine users...
2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448005/ratio-of-muscle-mass-to-fat-mass-assessed-by-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-is-significantly-correlated-with-liver-fat-accumulation-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Noboru Kurinami, Seigo Sugiyama, Ayami Morita, Akira Yoshida, Kunio Hieshima, Fumio Miyamoto, Keizo Kajiwara, Katsunori Jinnouch, Tomio Jinnouchi, Hideaki Jinnouchi
AIMS: Obesity and ectopic fat accumulation are important conditions of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Our aim was to determine whether bioelectrical impedance body composition analysis combined with blood test results could estimate liver ectopic fat accumulation in patients with treatment-naïve T2DM. METHODS: Subjects were 119 untreated T2DM patients. Computed tomography scans were performed to calculate the liver to spleen attenuation ratio (L/S ratio) as a measure of liver fat accumulation, with excess liver fat accumulation defined as an L/S ratio <1...
February 12, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445518/why-do-endocrine-profiles-in-elite-athletes-differ-between-sports
#5
Peter H Sönksen, Richard I G Holt, Walailuck Böhning, Nishan Guha, David A Cowan, Christiaan Bartlett, Dankmar Böhning
Background: Endocrine profiles have been measured on blood samples obtained immediately post-competition from 693 elite athletes from 15 Olympic Sports competing at National or International level; four were subsequently excluded leaving 689 for the current analysis. Methods: Body composition was measured by bioimpedance in a sub-set of 234 (146 men and 88 women) and from these data a regression model was constructed that enabled 'estimated' lean body mass and fat mass to be calculated on all athletes...
2018: Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445264/exercise-program-improved-subjective-dry-eye-symptoms-for-office-workers
#6
Kokoro Sano, Motoko Kawashima, Sayuri Takechi, Masaru Mimura, Kazuo Tsubota
Introduction: We investigated the benefits of a cognitive behavior therapy-based exercise program to reduce the dry eye symptoms of office workers. Materials and methods: We recruited 11 office workers with dry eye symptoms, aged 31-64 years, who voluntarily participated in group health guidance at a manufacturing company. Participants learned about the role of physical activity and exercise in enhancing wellness and performed an exercise program at home 3 days per week for 10 weeks...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444120/computer-tomography-based-body-surface-area-evaluation-for-drug-dosage-quantitative-radiology-versus-anthropomorphic-evaluation
#7
Antoine Iannessi, Hubert Beaumont, Christophe Hebert, Claire Dittlot, Marie Noëlle Falewee
OBJECTIVE: The measure of body surface area (BSA) is a standard for planning optimal dosing in oncology. This index is derived from a model having questionable performances. In this study, we proposed measurement of BSA from whole body CT images (iBSA). We tested the reliability of iBSA assessments and simulated the impact of our approach on patient chemotherapy dosage planning. METHODS: We first evaluated accuracy and precision of iBSA in measuring 14 phantom and 11 CT test-retest images...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444114/childhood-obesity-treatment-effects-on-bmi-sds-body-composition-and-fasting-plasma-lipid-concentrations
#8
Tenna Ruest Haarmark Nielsen, Cilius Esmann Fonvig, Maria Dahl, Pernille Maria Mollerup, Ulrik Lausten-Thomsen, Oluf Pedersen, Torben Hansen, Jens-Christian Holm
OBJECTIVE: The body mass index (BMI) standard deviation score (SDS) may not adequately reflect changes in fat mass during childhood obesity treatment. This study aimed to investigate associations between BMI SDS, body composition, and fasting plasma lipid concentrations at baseline and during childhood obesity treatment. METHODS: 876 children and adolescents (498 girls) with overweight/obesity, median age 11.2 years (range 1.6-21.7), and median BMI SDS 2.8 (range 1...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444097/the-effects-of-intensified-training-on-resting-metabolic-rate-rmr-body-composition-and-performance-in-trained-cyclists
#9
Amy L Woods, Anthony J Rice, Laura A Garvican-Lewis, Alice M Wallett, Bronwen Lundy, Margot A Rogers, Marijke Welvaert, Shona Halson, Andrew McKune, Kevin G Thompson
BACKGROUND: Recent research has demonstrated decreases in resting metabolic rate (RMR), body composition and performance following a period of intensified training in elite athletes, however the underlying mechanisms of change remain unclear. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate how an intensified training period, designed to elicit overreaching, affects RMR, body composition, and performance in trained endurance athletes, and to elucidate underlying mechanisms. METHOD: Thirteen (n = 13) trained male cyclists completed a six-week training program consisting of a "Baseline" week (100% of regular training load), a "Build" week (~120% of Baseline load), two "Loading" weeks (~140, 150% of Baseline load, respectively) and two "Recovery" weeks (~80% of Baseline load)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441711/effects-of-residential-summer-camp-on-body-mass-index-and-body-composition-in-type-1-diabetes
#10
Jon D Oden, Brian Franklin, Ernesto Fernandez, Soumya Adhikari, Perrin C White
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) and fat mass may be higher in children with diabetes compared to healthy peers. It is not certain how diabetic children respond to exercise and diet interventions. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of summer camp on BMI and body composition in children with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Five hundred eighty-six children (5-19 years, 518 with type 1 diabetes, 68 without diabetes) were followed while attending camp...
February 13, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441186/effects-of-different-modes-of-exercise-training-on-body-composition-and-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-middle-aged-men
#11
Hamid Reza Mohammadi, Mohammad Sadegh Khoshnam, Ebrahim Khoshnam
Background: Previous studies have indicated that exercise training improves body composition and cardiovascular disease risk factors. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of 12 weeks of aerobic, strength and combined training on body composition, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and C-reactive protein (CRP) in sedentary middle-aged men. Methods: Forty-seven male aged 40-60 years voluntarily participated in this study and were divided in four groups: aerobic ( n = 12), strength ( n = 12), combined ( n = 11), and control ( n = 12) groups randomly...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439736/clinical-evaluation-of-two-different-protein-content-formulas-fed-to-full-term-healthy-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Liotto Nadia, Orsi Anna, Menis Camilla, Piemontese Pasqua, Morlacchi Laura, Condello Chiara Cristiana, Giannì Maria Lorella, Roggero Paola, Mosca Fabio
BACKGROUND: A high early protein intake is associated with rapid postnatal weight gain and altered body composition. We aimed to evaluate the safety of a low-protein formula in healthy full-term infants. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted. A total of 118 infants were randomized to receive two different protein content formulas (formula A or formula B (protein content: 1.2 vs. 1.7 g/100 mL, respectively)) for the first 4 months of life. Anthropometry and body composition by air displacement plethysmography were assessed at enrolment and at two and 4 months...
February 13, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439389/early-life-exposure-to-non-nutritive-sweeteners-and-the-developmental-origins-of-childhood-obesity-global-evidence-from-human-and-rodent-studies
#13
REVIEW
Alyssa J Archibald, Vernon W Dolinsky, Meghan B Azad
Non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS) are increasingly consumed by children and pregnant women around the world, yet their long-term health impact is unclear. Here, we review an emerging body of evidence suggesting that early-life exposure to NNS may adversely affect body composition and cardio-metabolic health. Some observational studies suggest that children consuming NNS are at increased risk for obesity-related outcomes; however, others find no association or provide evidence of confounding. Fewer studies have examined prenatal NNS exposure, with mixed results from different analytical approaches...
February 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438660/reliability-of-hunger-related-assessments-during-24-hour-fasts-and-their-relationship-to-body-composition-and-subsequent-energy-compensation
#14
Grant M Tinsley, M Lane Moore, Austin J Graybeal
Many diets employ regular periods of fasting that extend beyond a typical overnight fast (i.e. intermittent fasting [IF]). Evaluation of acute fasting responses provides information concerning the potential theoretical rationale for IF. The purpose of the present investigation was to assess the test-retest reliability of hunger-related variables during 24-hour fasts and the relationship between these variables and body composition, as well as subsequent energy intake (EI) after fasting. Eleven participants (6 F, 5 M) completed two 24-hour fasts after being provided a 3-day standardized weight-maintenance diet...
February 10, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438540/influence-of-sleep-restriction-on-weight-loss-outcomes-associated-with-caloric-restriction
#15
Xuewen Wang, Joshua R Sparks, Kimberly P Bowyer, Shawn D Youngstedt
Study Objectives: To examine the effects of moderate sleep restriction on body weight, body composition, and metabolic variables in individuals undergoing caloric restriction. Methods: Overweight or obese adults were randomized to an 8-week caloric restriction (CR) regimen alone (n=15) or combined with sleep restriction (CR+SR) (n=21). All participants were instructed to restrict daily calorie intake to 95% of their measured resting metabolic rate. Participants in the CR+SR group were also instructed to reduce time in bed on 5 nights and to sleep ad libitum on the other 2 nights each week...
February 9, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438496/the-adiponectin-paradox-in-the-elderly-associations-with-body-composition-physical-functioning-and-mortality
#16
Joshua F Baker, Anne B Newman, Alka Kanaya, Mary B Leonard, Babette Zemel, Iva Miljkovic, Jin Long, David Weber, Tamara B Harris
Background: To determine if adiponectin levels are associated with weight loss, low muscle mass, and physical functioning among the elderly and to determine independent associations with incident disability and death. Methods: Included were 3,044 participants from the Health, Aging and Body Composition Study who had whole-body dual energy absorptiometry performed to evaluate appendicular lean mass index (ALMI, kg/m2) and fat mass index (FMI, kg/m2), CT measures of thigh muscle density, weight histories, estimates of physical functioning, and adiponectin levels at enrollment...
February 9, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435946/ethnic-variations-in-adiponectin-levels-and-its-association-with-age-gender-body-composition-and-diet-differences-between-iranians-indians-and-europeans-living-in-australia
#17
Majid Meshkini, Fariba Alaei-Shahmiri, Cyril Mamotte, Jaya Dantas
Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived protein with anti-diabetic, anti-atherogenic and anti-inflammatory action, but there are few studies on its association with cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors in different ethnic groups in Australia. This cross-sectional study evaluated ethnic differences in adiponectin levels and its association with age, gender, body composition and diet in 89 adult Australians of European (n = 28), Indian (n = 28) and Iranian (n = 33) ancestries. Different measures of adiposity were assessed using the method of whole body dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434529/high-protein-consumption-in-trained-women-bad-to-the-bone
#18
Jose Antonio, Anya Ellerbroek, Cassandra Evans, Tobin Silver, Corey A Peacock
Background: It has been posited that the consumption of extra protein (> 0.8 g/kg/d) may be deleterious to bone mineral content. However, there is no direct evidence to show that consuming a high-protein diet results in a demineralization of the skeleton. Thus, the primary endpoint of this randomized controlled trial was to determine if a high-protein diet affected various parameters of whole body and lumbar bone mineral content in exercise-trained women. Methods: Twenty-four women volunteered for this 6-month investigation (n = 12 control, n = 12 high-protein)...
2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432506/eating-habits-and-nutritional-status-of-patients-with-affective-disorders-and-schizophrenia
#19
Ewa Stefańska, Magdalena Lech, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Beata Konarzewska, Napoleon Waszkiewicz, Lucyna Ostrowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the nutritional value of the food intake in the group of men and women suffering from recurrent affective disorders and schizophrenia, and also to determine the relation between selected nutritional parameters with anthropometric indices defining the nutritional status of the subjects. METHODS: 219 persons participated in the study (61 patients with recurrent depressive disorders, 60 patients with schizophrenia and 98 healthy volunteers)...
December 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432264/longitudinal-growth-and-pqct-measures-in-hutterite-children-and-grandchildren-are-associated-with-prevalence-of-hip-or-knee-replacement-resulting-from-osteoarthritis-in-parents-and-grandparents
#20
Lee Weidauer, Tianna Beare, Teresa Binkley, Maggie Minett, Bonny Specker
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the leading causes of disability in the world. Several genes are associated with the development of OA, and previous studies have shown adult children of individuals with OA have higher areal bone mineral density (BMD). Because childhood is an important period of growth and bone development, and body composition is known to be associated with BMD, we speculated that there may be differences in growth and bone measures among young children with a genetic predisposition to OA...
February 8, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
keyword
keyword
7924
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"