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esophageal doppler

Samantha R Warnakulasuriya, Simon J Davies, R Jonathan T Wilson, David R A Yates
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate if there is equivalence in volumes of fluid administered when intravenous fluid therapy is guided by Pleth Variability Index (PVI) compared to the established technology of esophageal Doppler in low-risk patients undergoing major colorectal surgery. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Operating room. PATIENTS: Forty low-risk patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Lindsay Wuellner, Lisa Sutton
The objectives of this review are to identify the effectiveness of esophageal Doppler monitoring (EDM) for goal-directed fluid therapy on postoperative outcomes during abdominal surgery when an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program is implemented.The specific question of this review is: does the guidance of fluid management by EDM versus fluid management without EDM affect the length of hospital stay, occurrence of postoperative infection, hemodynamic stability and 30-day postoperative complication rate in adult patients undergoing major abdominal surgery with ERAS or similar programs?...
July 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
A Zifan, Y Jiang, R K Mittal
BACKGROUND: The mechanism of esophageal pain in patients with nutcracker esophagus (NE) and other esophageal motor disorders is not known. Our recent study shows that baseline esophageal mucosal perfusion, measured by laser Doppler perfusion monitoring, is lower in NE patients compared to controls. The goal of our current study was to perform a more detailed analysis of esophageal mucosal blood perfusion (EMBP) waveform of NE patients and controls to determine the optimal EMBP biomarkers that combined with suitable statistical learning models produce robust discrimination between the two groups...
August 10, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
M I Monge García, A Santos Oviedo, P Guijo González, M Gracia Romero, A Gil Cano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Søren Møller, Signe Wiese, Hanne Halgreen, Jens D Hove
Development of esophageal varices, ascites, and hepatic nephropathy is among the major complications of cirrhosis. The presence of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy, which includes a left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (DD), seems to deteriorate the course of the disease and the prognosis. Increased stiffness of the cirrhotic heart may decrease the compliance and result in DD. The prevalence of DD in cirrhotic patients averages about 50 %. It can be evaluated by transmitral Doppler echocardiography, tissue Doppler echocardiography, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging...
September 2016: Heart Failure Reviews
Tatsuro Amano, Masashi Ichinose, Yoshimitsu Inoue, Takeshi Nishiyasu, Shunsaku Koga, Glen P Kenny, Narihiko Kondo
We examined whether the sustained activation of metaboreceptor in forearm during cycling exercise can modulate sweating and cutaneous vasodilation. On separate days, 12 young participants performed a 1.5-min isometric handgrip exercise at 40% maximal voluntary contraction followed by 1) 9-min forearm ischemia (Occlusion, to activate metaboreceptor) or 2) no ischemia (Control) in thermoneutral conditions (27°C, 50%) with mean skin temperature clamped at 34°C. Thirty seconds after the handgrip exercise, participants cycled for 13...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Ivica Grgurevic, Milan Kujundzic, Marko Banic, Rajko Kusec, Tomislav Bokun, Mirjana Vukelic-Markovic, Zoran Bogdanovic, Anita Lukic, Emmanouil Tsochatzis, Boris Brkljacic
PURPOSE: To investigate (1) diagnostic performance of transabdominal color doppler ultrasound (US) and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) for detection and sub-classification of common bile duct varices (CBDV) in patients with portal vein thrombosis (PVT), and (2) clinical significance and natural history of CBDV subtypes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During a 4-year period, 56 patients with PVT underwent US and EUS for the presence and subtypes of CBDV. Natural history was analyzed for patients who attended control visits...
March 2016: Abdominal Radiology
Anna Ansaloni, G Brigante, B Madeo
Background. Ultrasound (US) is the most accurate tool in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules if performed by expert physician. Misdiagnosis due to extrathyroidal lesions mimicking thyroid nodules is reported in literature. We describe the first case of an esophageal fibrovascular polyp misdiagnosed as a thyroid nodule on US examination. Patient Findings. A 54-year-old woman presented to emergency department for headache and underwent carotid Doppler extended to neck ultrasound with incidental finding of a nodule in the posterior side of the left thyroid lobe...
2016: Case Reports in Endocrinology
Walid El Sherbiny, Ashraf AbdelRahman, Muhammad Diasty, Shaker Wagih Shaltout
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has many options for management; some of them are complicated by development of portal hypertension (PHT). Doppler ultrasound is an effective method to diagnose and monitor PHT changes after HCC ablation procedures. The aim of this study is to investigate changes in portal pressure hemodynamics of HCC patients following treatment with different interventional strategies: radiofrequency ablation (RFA), microwave ablation (MWA), and transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). A total of 60 patients with HCC were divided into three main groups, and each group received a different type of therapy (RFA, MWA, and TACE)...
August 2016: Abdominal Radiology
Ritwik Chakrabarti, Debraj Sen, Vikram Khanna
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Esophageal varices are present in 30% to 40% of patients in compensated cirrhosis (Child-Pugh class A) and in 60% to 85% of patients in decompensated cirrhosis (Child-Pugh classes B and C). It is important to identify patients with compensated cirrhosis at risk for esophageal varix development. We evaluated the accuracy of a duplex Doppler ultrasonographic index for predicting the presence or absence of esophageal varices in patients with compensated hepatic cirrhosis (Child-Pugh class A) by using endoscopy as the reference standard...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
J Ripollés-Melchor, R Casans-Francés, A Espinosa, A Abad-Gurumeta, A Feldheiser, F López-Timoneda, J M Calvo-Vecino
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have compared perioperative esophageal doppler monitoring (EDM) guided intravascular volume replacement strategies with conventional clinical volume replacement in surgical patients. The use of the EDM within hemodynamic algorithms is called 'goal directed hemodynamic therapy' (GDHT). METHODS: Meta-analysis of the effects of EDM guided GDHT in adult non-cardiac surgery on postoperative complications and mortality using PRISMA methodology...
August 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Xiao-Dan Xu, Chun-Fang Xu, Jian-Jun Dai, Jian-Qing Qian, Xun Pin
AIM: To examine the platelet count (PC)/spleen diameter (SD) ratio in predicting the presence of esophageal varices (EV) in patients with schistosomiasis liver cirrhosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 95 consecutive patients with EV induced by schistosomiasis liver cirrhosis were enrolled in this trial. A total of 141 schistosomiasis liver cirrhosis patients without EV were enrolled as controls. All patients were diagnosed by endoscopy. Demographic, laboratory, and Doppler ultrasound parameters were collected and analyzed...
May 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Soichiro Kiyono, Hitoshi Maruyama, Takayuki Kondo, Tadashi Sekimoto, Taro Shimada, Masanori Takahashi, Osamu Yokosuka
BACKGROUND: To examine the hemodynamic effect of the left gastric artery (LGA) on the esophageal varices (EV) in cirrhosis. METHODS: This was a prospective study performed in 48 cirrhosis patients (35 men, 13 women; median age 61.6 ± 11.3 years, range 38-83 years) with EV (medium 35, large 13), who underwent selective LGA angiography, hepatic venous catheterization, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and Doppler ultrasonography before endoscopic treatment for EV...
September 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
Yanfen Jiang, Ravinder K Mittal
Nutcracker esophagus (NE) is characterized by high-amplitude peristaltic esophageal contractions, and these patients often present with symptoms of "angina-like" or noncardiac chest pain. Tissue ischemia is a known cause of visceral pain, and the goal of our present study was to determine whether esophageal wall blood perfusion (EWBP) is reduced in patients with NE. Fourteen normal subjects (mean age 51 yr, 11 men) and 12 patients (mean age 53 yr, 9 men) with NE and noncardiac chest pain were investigated. The EWBP was measured continuously using a custom-designed laser Doppler probe tethered to a Bravo capsule, which anchored it to the esophageal wall...
March 15, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Ewa A Konik, Merri Bremer, Peter T Lin, Sorin V Pislaru
UNLABELLED: A 67-year-old man with myelodysplastic syndrome, disseminated histoplasmosis, and mitral valve replacement presented with dyspnea and peripheral edema. Transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated abnormal pulmonic valve with possible vegetation. Color flow imaging showed laminar flow from main pulmonary artery into right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) in diastole. The continuous wave Doppler signal showed dense diastolic envelope with steep deceleration slope. These findings were consistent with severe pulmonic valve regurgitation, possibly due to endocarditis...
March 1, 2015: Echo Research and Practice
Ji Won Choi, Hyun Joo Ahn, Hyun JooAhn, Mikyung Yang, Jie Ae Kim, Sangmin M Lee, Jin Hee Ahn
Fluid is usually restricted during thoracic surgery, and vasoactive agents are often administered to maintain blood pressure. One-lung ventilation (OLV) decreases arterial oxygenation; thus oxygen delivery to the brain can be decreased. In this study, we compared phenylephrine and dopamine with respect to maintaining cerebral oxygenation during OLV in major thoracic surgery.Sixty-three patients undergoing lobectomies were randomly assigned to the dopamine (D) or phenylephrine (P) group. The patients' mean arterial pressure was maintained within 20% of baseline by a continuous infusion of dopamine or phenylephrine...
December 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Antonia Blanié, Mickael Soued, Dan Benhamou, Jean Xavier Mazoit, Jacques Duranteau
BACKGROUND: In this prospective observational study, we compared changes in cardiac index (CI) during fluid challenge using photoplethysmography (PPG; Nexfin™) (CIPPG) versus esophageal Doppler (ED) (CIED) in major noncardiac surgery patients. METHODS: Measurements were obtained when the attending anesthesiologist decided to perform a fluid challenge. Correlations with linear regression, Bland-Altman analysis, and analysis of covariance were performed. Trending ability was studied using 2 different methods: a 4-quadrant plot and a polar plot...
February 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Takayuki Kondo, Hitoshi Maruyama, Soichiro Kiyono, Tadashi Sekimoto, Taro Shimada, Masanori Takahashi, Hidehiro Okugawa, Osamu Yokosuka, Hiroshi Kawahira, Tadashi Yamaguchi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To demonstrate the effect of endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS) with argon plasma coagulation (APC) as a primary/secondary prophylaxis for esophageal varies (EV) on portal hemodynamics and long-term outcomes in cirrhosis. METHODS: This prospective study included 48 cirrhotic patients (64.5 ± 11.4 years; 26 bleeders, 22 non-bleeders). Post-treatment outcomes (EIS and APC; median observation period, 12.8 months for recurrence and 21...
March 2016: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Camila Kruschewsky Falcão, Gustavo C Freitas Fagundes, Gustavo Checolli Lamos, Aloisio Felipe-Silva, Silvana Maria Lovisolo, João Augusto Martines, Fernando Peixoto Ferraz de Campos
Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) encompasses a group of disorders caused by the obstruction to the hepatic venous outflow at the level of the small or large hepatic veins, the inferior vena cava, or any combination thereof. Clinical manifestation of the subacute form is characterized by supramesocolic abdominal discomfort, abdominal distension, fever, and lower limbs edema. Imaging work-up with hepatic Doppler ultrasound and abdominal computed tomography (CT) enables the diagnosis in the majority of cases. Treatment comprises long-term anticoagulation associated with measures that attempt to re-establish the flow in the thrombosed vessel (thrombolysis or angioplasty) or through the venous blood flow bypasses (transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt or surgical bypass); however, the outcome is often dismal...
April 2015: Autopsy & case reports
Mathieu Jozwiak, Xavier Monnet, Jean-Louis Teboul
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hemodynamic exploration is mandatory in patients with shock to identify the type of shock, to select the best therapeutic strategy, and to assess the efficacy of the selected therapy. In this review, we summarize the characteristics of the main available hemodynamic monitoring systems and emphasize on how to select the most appropriate ones in patients with circulatory shock. RECENT FINDINGS: Over the past decade, hemodynamic monitoring techniques have progressively evolved from intermittent toward real-time measurements and from invasive toward less invasive approaches...
October 2015: Current Opinion in Critical Care
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