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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319947/effects-of-capsaicin-on-older-patients-with-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-study
#1
Rui Nakato, Noriaki Manabe, Sayako Shimizu, Kozo Hanayama, Akiko Shiotani, Jiro Hata, Ken Haruma
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The standard of care for older patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) is poor. Stimulation of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 might become a pharmacological strategy for these patients. This study aimed to compare the therapeutic effect of film food containing 0.75 µg of capsaicin in these patients. METHODS: In a crossover, randomized trial, 49 patients with OD were provided capsaicin or identical placebo at least 7 days apart. Patients' reported symptoms during repeated swallowing, the volume, pH and substance P (SP) concentrations in saliva, and cervical esophageal wall motion evaluated by ultrasonographic tissue Doppler imaging were obtained before and after capsaicin or placebo administration...
March 21, 2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228418/folic-acid-supplementation-increases-cutaneous-vasodilator-sensitivity-to-sympathetic-nerve-activity-in-older-adults
#2
Anna E Stanhewicz, Jody L Greaney, Lacy M Alexander, W Larry Kenney
During heat stress, blunted increases in skin sympathetic nervous system activity (SSNA) and reductions in end-organ vascular responsiveness contribute to the age-related reduction in reflex cutaneous vasodilation. In older adults, folic acid supplementation improves the cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) response to passive heating; however, the influence of folic acid supplementation on SSNA:CVC transduction is unknown. Fourteen older adults (66±1yrs, 8M/6F) ingested folic acid (5mg·day(-1)) or placebo for 6 weeks in a randomized, double-blind, crossover design...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191357/metastatic-invasive-lobular-breast-cancer-presenting-clinically-with-esophageal-dysphagia
#3
Lilit Karapetyan, Heather Laird-Fick, Reuben Cuison
Background. Intra-abdominal metastases of invasive lobular breast cancer (ILBC) may be insidious. We report a case of metastatic ILBC that presented with dysphagia within weeks of a negative mammogram and before the development of intra-abdominal symptoms. Case. A 70-year-old female developed esophageal dysphagia. She underwent EGD which showed a short segment of stricture of the distal esophagus without significant mucosal changes. Biopsy was unremarkable and patient underwent lower esophageal sphincter (LES) dilation...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108832/beat-by-beat-assessment-of-cardiac-afterload-using-descending-aortic-velocity-pressure-loop-during-general-anesthesia-a-pilot-study
#4
Fabrice Vallée, Arthur Le Gall, Jona Joachim, Olivier Passouant, Joaquim Matéo, Arnaud Mari, Sandrine Millasseau, Alexandre Mebazaa, Etienne Gayat
Continuous cardiac afterload evaluation could represent a useful tool during general anesthesia (GA) to titrate vasopressor effect. Using beat to beat descending aortic pressure(P)/flow velocity(U) loop obtained from esophageal Doppler and femoral pressure signals might allow to track afterload changes. Methods We defined three angles characterizing the PU loop (alpha, beta and Global After-Load Angle (GALA)). Augmentation index (AIx) and total arterial compliance (Ctot) were measured via radial tonometry. Peripheral Vascular Resistances (PVR) were also calculated...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991695/application-of-extended-bi-pedicle-anterolateral-thigh-free-flaps-for-reconstruction-of-large-defects-a-case-series
#5
Michele Maruccia, Georgios Orfaniotis, Pedro Ciudad, Fabio Nicoli, Emanuele Cigna, Giuseppe Giudice, Kidakorn Kiranantawat, Diego Ribuffo, Hung-Chi Chen
BACKGROUND: The anterolateral thigh flap is a workforce flap in reconstructive surgery, however, variations in it is vascular anatomy are not uncommon. These variations may affect flap design and survival, especially when large flaps are required. In some anatomical variants the anterolateral thigh flap is supplied by two separate dominant pedicles, and in these cases a bi-pedicle modification may be necessary to ensure complete flap viability. The aim of this report is to evaluate the outcomes, and present our approach in using bi-pedicle anterolateral thigh flaps as a method to reduce the risk of partial flap necrosis when reconstructing sizeable soft tissue defects...
December 19, 2016: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941723/doppler-assessment-of-hepatic-venous-waves-for-evaluation-of-large-varices-in-cirrhotic-patient
#6
M A Sangma, N Biswas, M U Ahmed, M M Rahman, M M Hossain, A Z Razi, P L Saha, M T Reza, L Fatema, M Hoshneara, K Begum
This cross sectional study was conducted to evaluate the role of doppler ultrasonography of hepatic venous waves for evaluation of large varices in cirrhotic patients from July 2013 to June 2015 in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. Patients getting admitted in the ward with a diagnosis of cirrhosis were enrolled in the study and purposive sampling technique was adopted. The sample size was 43. Data were collected by face to face interview and some data were gathered by records review and analyzed with the help of SPSS windows version - 12 software programs...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880982/safety-and-efficacy-of-ruxolitinib-in-splanchnic-vein-thrombosis-associated-with-myeloproliferative-neoplasms
#7
Lisa Pieri, Chiara Paoli, Umberto Arena, Fabio Marra, Fabio Mori, Mery Zucchini, Stefano Colagrande, Alessandro Castellani, Arianna Masciulli, Vittorio Rosti, Valerio De Stefano, Silvia Betti, Guido Finazzi, Maria Luisa Ferrari, Elisa Rumi, Marco Ruggeri, Ilaria Nichele, Paola Guglielmelli, Rajmonda Fjerza, Carmela Mannarelli, Tiziana Fanelli, Lucia Merli, Giuditta Corbizi Fattori, Margherita Massa, Giuseppe Cimino, Alessandro Rambaldi, Giovanni Barosi, Mario Cazzola, Tiziano Barbui, Alessandro M Vannucchi
Splanchnic vein thrombosis (SVT) is one of the vascular complications of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). We designed a phase 2 clinical trial to evaluate safety and efficacy of ruxolitinib in reducing splenomegaly and improving disease-related symptoms in patients with MPN-associated SVT. Patients, diagnosed with myelofibrosis in 12 cases, polycythemia vera in 5 and essential thrombocythemia in 4, received ruxolitinib for 24 weeks in the core study period. Spleen volume was assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and splanchnic vein circulation by echo-Doppler analysis...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789772/blunted-increases-in-skin-sympathetic-nerve-activity-are-related-to-attenuated-reflex-vasodilation-in-aged-human-skin
#8
Anna E Stanhewicz, Jody L Greaney, Lacy M Alexander, W Larry Kenney
Reflex cutaneous vasodilation in response to passive heating is attenuated in human aging. This diminished response is mediated, in part, by age-associated reductions in endothelial function; however, the contribution of altered skin sympathetic nervous system activity (SSNA) is unknown. We hypothesized that 1) healthy older adults would demonstrate blunted SSNA responses to increased core temperature compared with young adults and 2) the decreased SSNA response would be associated with attenuated cutaneous vasodilation...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687456/comparison-of-esophageal-doppler-and-plethysmographic-variability-index-to-guide-intraoperative-fluid-therapy-for-low-risk-patients-undergoing-colorectal-surgery
#9
Samantha R Warnakulasuriya, Simon J Davies, R Jonathan T Wilson, David R A Yates
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate if there is equivalence in volumes of fluid administered when intravenous fluid therapy is guided by Pleth Variability Index (PVI) compared to the established technology of esophageal Doppler in low-risk patients undergoing major colorectal surgery. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Operating room. PATIENTS: Forty low-risk patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532782/intraoperative-fluid-management-guided-by-esophageal-doppler-monitoring-in-major-abdominal-surgery-utilizing-the-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-program-a-systematic-review-protocol
#10
Lindsay Wuellner, Lisa Sutton
The objectives of this review are to identify the effectiveness of esophageal Doppler monitoring (EDM) for goal-directed fluid therapy on postoperative outcomes during abdominal surgery when an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program is implemented.The specific question of this review is: does the guidance of fluid management by EDM versus fluid management without EDM affect the length of hospital stay, occurrence of postoperative infection, hemodynamic stability and 30-day postoperative complication rate in adult patients undergoing major abdominal surgery with ERAS or similar programs?...
July 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511606/temporal-and-spectral-properties-of-esophageal-mucosal-blood-perfusion-a-comparison-between-normal-subjects-and-nutcracker-esophagus-patients
#11
A Zifan, Y Jiang, R K Mittal
BACKGROUND: The mechanism of esophageal pain in patients with nutcracker esophagus (NE) and other esophageal motor disorders is not known. Our recent study shows that baseline esophageal mucosal perfusion, measured by laser Doppler perfusion monitoring, is lower in NE patients compared to controls. The goal of our current study was to perform a more detailed analysis of esophageal mucosal blood perfusion (EMBP) waveform of NE patients and controls to determine the optimal EMBP biomarkers that combined with suitable statistical learning models produce robust discrimination between the two groups...
February 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27290160/bedside-and-continuous-assessment-of-arterial-load-in-critically-ill-patients-by-combined-analysis-of-esophageal-doppler-blood-flow-and-arterial-pressure-waveform-preliminary-results
#12
M I Monge García, A Santos Oviedo, P Guijo González, M Gracia Romero, A Gil Cano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075496/diastolic-dysfunction-in-cirrhosis
#13
Søren Møller, Signe Wiese, Hanne Halgreen, Jens D Hove
Development of esophageal varices, ascites, and hepatic nephropathy is among the major complications of cirrhosis. The presence of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy, which includes a left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (DD), seems to deteriorate the course of the disease and the prognosis. Increased stiffness of the cirrhotic heart may decrease the compliance and result in DD. The prevalence of DD in cirrhotic patients averages about 50 %. It can be evaluated by transmitral Doppler echocardiography, tissue Doppler echocardiography, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging...
September 2016: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27053652/influence-of-forearm-muscle-metaboreceptor-activation-on-sweating-and-cutaneous-vascular-responses-during-dynamic-exercise
#14
Tatsuro Amano, Masashi Ichinose, Yoshimitsu Inoue, Takeshi Nishiyasu, Shunsaku Koga, Glen P Kenny, Narihiko Kondo
We examined whether the sustained activation of metaboreceptor in forearm during cycling exercise can modulate sweating and cutaneous vasodilation. On separate days, 12 young participants performed a 1.5-min isometric handgrip exercise at 40% maximal voluntary contraction followed by 1) 9-min forearm ischemia (Occlusion, to activate metaboreceptor) or 2) no ischemia (Control) in thermoneutral conditions (27°C, 50%) with mean skin temperature clamped at 34°C. Thirty seconds after the handgrip exercise, participants cycled for 13...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27039318/subtypes-and-clinical-significance-of-common-bile-duct-varices-in-portal-vein-thrombosis-diagnosis-and-follow-up-by-doppler-us-and-eus
#15
Ivica Grgurevic, Milan Kujundzic, Marko Banic, Rajko Kusec, Tomislav Bokun, Mirjana Vukelic-Markovic, Zoran Bogdanovic, Anita Lukic, Emmanouil Tsochatzis, Boris Brkljacic
PURPOSE: To investigate (1) diagnostic performance of transabdominal color doppler ultrasound (US) and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) for detection and sub-classification of common bile duct varices (CBDV) in patients with portal vein thrombosis (PVT), and (2) clinical significance and natural history of CBDV subtypes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During a 4-year period, 56 patients with PVT underwent US and EUS for the presence and subtypes of CBDV. Natural history was analyzed for patients who attended control visits...
March 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27022492/thyroid-ultrasound-pitfalls-esophageal-fibrovascular-polyp-mimicking-thyroid-nodule
#16
Anna Ansaloni, G Brigante, B Madeo
Background. Ultrasound (US) is the most accurate tool in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules if performed by expert physician. Misdiagnosis due to extrathyroidal lesions mimicking thyroid nodules is reported in literature. We describe the first case of an esophageal fibrovascular polyp misdiagnosed as a thyroid nodule on US examination. Patient Findings. A 54-year-old woman presented to emergency department for headache and underwent carotid Doppler extended to neck ultrasound with incidental finding of a nodule in the posterior side of the left thyroid lobe...
2016: Case Reports in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26971951/changes-in-doppler-parameters-of-portal-pressure-after-interventional-management-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#17
Walid El Sherbiny, Ashraf AbdelRahman, Muhammad Diasty, Shaker Wagih Shaltout
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has many options for management; some of them are complicated by development of portal hypertension (PHT). Doppler ultrasound is an effective method to diagnose and monitor PHT changes after HCC ablation procedures. The aim of this study is to investigate changes in portal pressure hemodynamics of HCC patients following treatment with different interventional strategies: radiofrequency ablation (RFA), microwave ablation (MWA), and transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). A total of 60 patients with HCC were divided into three main groups, and each group received a different type of therapy (RFA, MWA, and TACE)...
August 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26923375/is-non-invasive-diagnosis-of-esophageal-varices-in-patients-with-compensated-hepatic-cirrhosis-possible-by-duplex-doppler-ultrasonography
#18
Ritwik Chakrabarti, Debraj Sen, Vikram Khanna
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Esophageal varices are present in 30% to 40% of patients in compensated cirrhosis (Child-Pugh class A) and in 60% to 85% of patients in decompensated cirrhosis (Child-Pugh classes B and C). It is important to identify patients with compensated cirrhosis at risk for esophageal varix development. We evaluated the accuracy of a duplex Doppler ultrasonographic index for predicting the presence or absence of esophageal varices in patients with compensated hepatic cirrhosis (Child-Pugh class A) by using endoscopy as the reference standard...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26873025/goal-directed-hemodynamic-therapy-based-in-esophageal-doppler-flow-parameters-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#19
J Ripollés-Melchor, R Casans-Francés, A Espinosa, A Abad-Gurumeta, A Feldheiser, F López-Timoneda, J M Calvo-Vecino
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have compared perioperative esophageal doppler monitoring (EDM) guided intravascular volume replacement strategies with conventional clinical volume replacement in surgical patients. The use of the EDM within hemodynamic algorithms is called 'goal directed hemodynamic therapy' (GDHT). METHODS: Meta-analysis of the effects of EDM guided GDHT in adult non-cardiac surgery on postoperative complications and mortality using PRISMA methodology...
August 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26862932/ratio-of-platelet-count-spleen-diameter-predicted-the-presence-of-esophageal-varices-in-patients-with-schistosomiasis-liver-cirrhosis
#20
Xiao-Dan Xu, Chun-Fang Xu, Jian-Jun Dai, Jian-Qing Qian, Xun Pin
AIM: To examine the platelet count (PC)/spleen diameter (SD) ratio in predicting the presence of esophageal varices (EV) in patients with schistosomiasis liver cirrhosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 95 consecutive patients with EV induced by schistosomiasis liver cirrhosis were enrolled in this trial. A total of 141 schistosomiasis liver cirrhosis patients without EV were enrolled as controls. All patients were diagnosed by endoscopy. Demographic, laboratory, and Doppler ultrasound parameters were collected and analyzed...
May 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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