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Pediatric advanced life support

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509730/american-college-of-critical-care-medicine-clinical-practice-parameters-for-hemodynamic-support-of-pediatric-and-neonatal-septic-shock
#1
Alan L Davis, Joseph A Carcillo, Rajesh K Aneja, Andreas J Deymann, John C Lin, Trung C Nguyen, Regina S Okhuysen-Cawley, Monica S Relvas, Ranna A Rozenfeld, Peter W Skippen, Bonnie J Stojadinovic, Eric A Williams, Tim S Yeh, Fran Balamuth, Joe Brierley, Allan R de Caen, Ira M Cheifetz, Karen Choong, Edward Conway, Timothy Cornell, Allan Doctor, Marc-Andre Dugas, Jonathan D Feldman, Julie C Fitzgerald, Heidi R Flori, James D Fortenberry, Ana Lia Graciano, Bruce M Greenwald, Mark W Hall, Yong Yun Han, Lynn J Hernan, Jose E Irazuzta, Elizabeth Iselin, Elise W van der Jagt, Howard E Jeffries, Saraswati Kache, Chhavi Katyal, Niranjan Tex Kissoon, Alexander A Kon, Martha C Kutko, Graeme MacLaren, Timothy Maul, Renuka Mehta, Fola Odetola, Kristine Parbuoni, Raina Paul, Mark J Peters, Suchitra Ranjit, Karin E Reuter-Rice, Eduardo J Schnitzler, Halden F Scott, Adalberto Torres, Jacki Weingarten-Abrams, Scott L Weiss, Jerry J Zimmerman, Aaron L Zuckerberg
OBJECTIVES: The American College of Critical Care Medicine provided 2002 and 2007 guidelines for hemodynamic support of newborn and pediatric septic shock. Provide the 2014 update of the 2007 American College of Critical Care Medicine "Clinical Guidelines for Hemodynamic Support of Neonates and Children with Septic Shock." DESIGN: Society of Critical Care Medicine members were identified from general solicitation at Society of Critical Care Medicine Educational and Scientific Symposia (2006-2014)...
June 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489224/current-concepts-of-transition-of-care-in-cystic-fibrosis
#2
Ajanta Patel, Maria Dowell, B Louise Giles
Over the past 6 decades, advances in cystic fibrosis (CF) diagnosis and management have extended the life expectancy of patients far beyond childhood; therefore, all pediatric CF patients must prepare for transition to adult care. Readiness assessment, knowledge and skill education, and support structures are all elements of ideal transition. Transition should begin early in life with teaching skills and knowledge for disease care, and in adolescence the readiness to transition should be addressed. Transition is a gradual process of increasing responsibilities in self-care and disease management, an improvement in the understanding of CF, and an iterative process of self-assessment with knowledge acquisition...
May 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486265/effect-of-family-presence-on-advanced-trauma-life-support-task-performance-during-pediatric-trauma-team-evaluation
#3
Karen J OʼConnell, Elizabeth A Carter, Jennifer L Fritzeen, Lauren J Waterhouse, Randall S Burd
IMPORTANCE: In many hospitals, family members are separated from their children during the early phases of trauma care. Including family members during this phase of trauma care varies by institution and is limited by concerns for adverse effects on clinical care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of family presence (FP) on advanced trauma life support primary and secondary survey task performance by pediatric trauma teams. We hypothesized that trauma care with FP would be noninferior to care when families were absent...
May 8, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414559/evaluating-the-cost-and-utility-of-mandating-schools-to-stock-epinephrine-auto-injectors
#4
Chelsea Steffens, Benjamin Clement, William Fales, Ahel El Haj Chehade, Kevin Putman, Robert Swor
BACKGROUND: The Michigan Legislature mandated that all public schools stock epinephrine auto-injectors (EAIs). A minimal amount is known regarding the incremental value of EAIs in schools. Our primary objective was to describe the frequency of administration of epinephrine for EMS patients with acute allergic reactions in public schools. Our secondary objective was to estimate the cost of mandating public schools to stock EAIs. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of EMS cases with an impression of allergic reaction and who received epinephrine recorded in the 2014 Michigan EMS Information System (MI-EMSIS)...
April 17, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334487/growing-up-with-perinatal-human-immunodeficiency-virus-a-life-not-expected
#5
Elaine Fay Williams
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the lived experience of young adults with perinatally acquired HIV (PaHIV). BACKGROUND: The advancement of the highly active antiretroviral treatment, PaHIV-infection has transformed into a chronic lifelong illness that is faced by young adults who grew up with HIV. The known challenges that are associated with HIV are poverty, stigma and social and emotional isolation. DESIGN: This was a qualitative single interview study of a convenience sample of PaHIV-infected young adults receiving care at a large metropolitan pediatric hospital...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281283/artificial-organs-2016-a-year-in-review
#6
REVIEW
Angela T Hadsell, Paul S Malchesky
In this Editor's Review, articles published in 2016 are organized by category and briefly summarized. We aim to provide a brief reflection of the currently available worldwide knowledge that is intended to advance and better human life while providing insight for continued application of technologies and methods of organ Replacement, Recovery, and Regeneration. As the official journal of The International Federation for Artificial Organs, The International Faculty for Artificial Organs, the International Society for Mechanical Circulatory Support, the International Society for Pediatric Mechanical Cardiopulmonary Support, and the Vienna International Workshop on Functional Electrical Stimulation, Artificial Organs continues in the original mission of its founders "to foster communications in the field of artificial organs on an international level...
March 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257500/pediatric-emergency-care-capacity-in-a-low-resource-setting-an-assessment-of-district-hospitals-in-rwanda
#7
Celestin Hategeka, Jean Shoveller, Lisine Tuyisenge, Cynthia Kenyon, David F Cechetto, Larry D Lynd
BACKGROUND: Health system strengthening is crucial to improving infant and child health outcomes in low-resource countries. While the knowledge related to improving newborn and child survival has advanced remarkably over the past few decades, many healthcare systems in such settings remain unable to effectively deliver pediatric advance life support management. With the introduction of the Emergency Triage, Assessment and Treatment plus Admission care (ETAT+)-a locally adapted pediatric advanced life support management program-in Rwandan district hospitals, we undertook this study to assess the extent to which these hospitals are prepared to provide this pediatric advanced life support management...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248804/standardizing-the-initial-resuscitation-of-the-trauma-patient-with-the-primary-assessment-completion-tool-using-video-review
#8
Lee Ann Wurster, Rajan K Thakkar, Kathy J Haley, Krista K Wheeler, Jeremy Larson, Michael Stoner, Yaffa Gewirtz, Todd Holman, Don Buckingham, Jonathan I Groner
BACKGROUND: Major trauma resuscitations at pediatric trauma centers have an elevated risk for error because of their high acuity and relatively low frequency. The Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) treatment paradigm was established to improve the management of trauma patients during the initial resuscitation phase and has been shown to improve outcomes through a standardized approach. The goal of this quality improvement project was to decrease assessment physician variability and improve the compliance with the ATLS primary assessment for major resuscitations...
June 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186850/the-use-of-dexmedetomidine-in-pediatric-palliative-care-a-preliminary-study
#9
Jamie Burns, Kevin Jackson, Kathy A Sheehy, Julia C Finkel, Zenaide M Quezado
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine infusions in patients with advanced malignancies, advanced heart disease, or after stem cell transplantation (SCT), who during end-of-life care had pain and/or agitation unresponsive to conventional therapies. BACKGROUND: Pediatric patients with intractable advanced malignancies, end-stage congenital heart diseases, or after SCT can suffer a great deal during end of life. Pain, drowsiness, fatigue, irritability, and worrying are experienced frequently, considered distressing, and are strongly associated with reductions in health-related quality-of-life scores...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166602/managing-the-precarious-hemostatic-balance-during-extracorporeal-life-support-implications-for-coagulation-laboratories
#10
REVIEW
Anne M Winkler
For the past four decades, extracorporeal life support (ECLS) has been used to treat critically ill adult and pediatric patients with cardiac and/or respiratory failure unresponsive to medical management, and there are increasing numbers of centers performing ECLS for numerous indications worldwide. Despite the progress with advancing technology, hemorrhagic and thrombotic complications occur frequently and are associated with worse outcomes, but the exact cause is often elusive or multifactorial. As a result of the interaction between blood and a nonendothelialized circuit, there is activation of coagulation, fibrinolysis, as well as an increased inflammatory response; thus, anticoagulation of the patient and circuit is necessary...
April 2017: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157808/improved-clinical-performance-and-teamwork-of-pediatric-interprofessional-resuscitation-teams-with-a-simulation-based-educational-intervention
#11
Elaine Gilfoyle, Deanna A Koot, John C Annear, Farhan Bhanji, Adam Cheng, Jonathan P Duff, Vincent J Grant, Cecilia E St George-Hyslop, Nicole J Delaloye, Afrothite Kotsakis, Carolyn D McCoy, Christa E Ramsay, Matthew J Weiss, Ronald D Gottesman
OBJECTIVES: To measure the effect of a 1-day team training course for pediatric interprofessional resuscitation team members on adherence to Pediatric Advanced Life Support guidelines, team efficiency, and teamwork in a simulated clinical environment. DESIGN: Multicenter prospective interventional study. SETTING: Four tertiary-care children's hospitals in Canada from June 2011 to January 2015. SUBJECTS: Interprofessional pediatric resuscitation teams including resident physicians, ICU nurse practitioners, registered nurses, and registered respiratory therapists (n = 300; 51 teams)...
February 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114723/respiratory-muscle-training-improves-respiratory-muscle-endurance-but-not-exercise-tolerance-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#12
Christian Bieli, Selina Summermatter, Urs Boutellier, Alexander Moeller
BACKGROUND: Respiratory muscle endurance (RME) training has been shown to increase exercise endurance and lung function in adults with cystic fibrosis (CF). We conducted an interventional study to investigate the effectiveness of RME training on CF-related health outcomes in children. METHODS: In a crossover trial, 22 children, aged 9-18 years, with CF performed 8 weeks of RME training and standard chest physiotherapy in a randomized sequence separated by a 1 week washout period...
March 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112743/fertility-preservation-practices-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-cancer-patients-undergoing-hsct-in-europe-a-population-based-survey
#13
T Diesch, A Rovo, N von der Weid, M Faraci, M Pillon, A Dalissier, J-H Dalle, P Bader
Chemotherapy and irradiation can affect the gonads, leading to impairment of pubertal development and/or infertility. Fertility preservation (FP) is therefore a crucial endeavor in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) because of the severe impact of infertility on the quality of life of long-term survivors. Despite the existence of different international guidelines, FP counseling and procedures are not routinely implemented as part of patient care. We present herein a survey conducted by the Pediatric Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT), which aims to analyze and compare different FP practices for children and adolescents across EBMT centers in 2013...
January 23, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100255/early-life-exposure-to-air-pollution-and-greater-use-of-academic-support-services-in-childhood-a-population-based-cohort-study-of-urban-children
#14
Jeanette A Stingone, Katharine H McVeigh, Luz Claudio
BACKGROUND: There is a growing literature showing associations between prenatal and early-life exposure to air pollution and children's neurodevelopment. However, it is unclear if decrements in neurodevelopment observed in epidemiologic research translate into observable functional outcomes in the broader pediatric population. The objective of this study was to examine the association between early-life exposures to common urban air toxics and the use of academic support services, such as early intervention and special education within a population-based cohort of urban children...
January 18, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089059/management-of-hospitalized-asthmatic-children-before-transport
#15
Brande Mazzeo, Rami Bzeih, Robert Schultz, Melissa Tavolieri, Alicia Fraser, Sabrina M Heidemann
Asthmatic children are at risk for respiratory failure and should be appropriately treated before transport. The objectives were to find out if the Pediatric Advanced Life Support guidelines for asthma treatment were followed in the emergency department (ED); to determine if additional treatment during transport or within the first 2 hours of admission was needed; and to compare the management of intubated asthmatics by the ED, transport team, and the intensive care unit (ICU) physician. The records for children diagnosed with acute asthma over 7 years who were transported by the intensive care transport team were reviewed...
January 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064385/review-of-yoga-therapy-during-cancer-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Suzanne C Danhauer, Elizabeth L Addington, Stephanie J Sohl, Alejandro Chaoul, Lorenzo Cohen
PURPOSE: Reviews of yoga research that distinguish results of trials conducted during (versus after) cancer treatment are needed to guide future research and clinical practice. We therefore conducted a review of non-randomized studies and randomized controlled trials of yoga interventions for children and adults undergoing treatment for any cancer type. METHODS: Studies were identified via research databases and reference lists. Inclusion criteria were the following: (1) children or adults undergoing cancer treatment, (2) intervention stated as yoga or component of yoga, and (3) publication in English in peer-reviewed journals through October 2015...
April 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063864/the-end-of-life-experience-of-pediatric-heart-transplant-recipients
#17
Seth A Hollander, John C Dykes, Sharon Chen, Lynsey Barkoff, Barbara Sourkes, Harvey Cohen, David N Rosenthal, Daniel Bernstein, Beth D Kaufman
CONTEXT: Despite advances in therapies, many pediatric heart transplant (Htx) recipients will die prematurely. We characterized the circumstances surrounding death in this cohort, including location of death and interventions performed in the final 24 hours. METHODS: We reviewed all patients who underwent Htx at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford, survived hospital discharge, and subsequently died between July 19, 2007 and September 13, 2015. The primary outcome studied was location of death, characterized as inpatient, outpatient, or emergency department...
May 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000411/the-role-of-radiation-therapy-in-palliative-care-of-children-with-advanced-cancer-clinical-outcomes-and-patterns-of-care
#18
Sumeeta Varma, Debra L Friedman, Mark J Stavas
BACKGROUND: There are few published data to guide the use and timing of palliative radiation therapy (RT) in children. We aimed to determine the clinical outcomes of palliative RT in children and the relationship with palliative care and hospice referrals. PROCEDURE: A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients younger than 18 years who received palliative RT in our clinic from January 2005 to January 2015. RESULTS: In the specified time period, 50 children underwent 83 courses of palliative RT...
May 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940972/opportunities-during-early-life-for-cancer-prevention-highlights-from-a-series-of-virtual-meetings-with-experts
#19
Dawn M Holman, Natasha D Buchanan
Compelling evidence suggests that early life exposures can affect lifetime cancer risk. In 2014, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) Cancer Prevention Across the Lifespan Workgroup hosted a series of virtual meetings with select experts to discuss the state of the evidence linking factors during the prenatal period and early childhood to subsequent risk of both pediatric and adult cancers. In this article, we present the results from a qualitative analysis of the meeting transcripts and summarize themes that emerged from our discussions with meeting participants...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940700/acceptability-of-family-centered-advanced-care-planning-for-adolescents-with-hiv
#20
Ronald H Dallas, Allison Kimmel, Megan L Wilkins, Sohail Rana, Ana Garcia, Yao I Cheng, Jichuan Wang, Maureen E Lyon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Small pilot studies support the appropriateness of engaging adolescents with chronic or life-limiting illnesses in pediatric advance care planning (pACP). We do not yet know if pACP is acceptable, feasible, and worthwhile, even if emotionally intense, in a fully powered randomized controlled trial. METHODS: We conducted a prospective 2-arm randomized controlled trial at 6 US urban hospitals. Adolescent/family member dyads were randomized to receive the 1-session-a-week 3-session FAmily-CEntered Advance Care Planning (FACE) pACP intervention (1, ACP Survey; 2, Goals of Care Conversation/Treatment Preferences; 3, Completion of Advance Directive) or active comparator (1, Developmental History; 2, Safety Tips; 3, Nutrition/Exercise)...
December 2016: Pediatrics
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