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Pediatric advanced life support

Do Kyun Kim, Won Kyoung Jhang, Ji Yun Ahn, Ji Sook Lee, Yoon Hee Kim, Bongjin Lee, Gi Beom Kim, Jin-Tae Kim, June Huh, June Dong Park, Sung Phil Chung, Sung Oh Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Sven-Olrik Streubel, David M Mirsky
Facial trauma causes significant of morbidity in the United States. With injuries varying widely, the clinical benefits of antibiotics use in facial fracture treatment are not easily determined. The pediatric population is more predisposed to craniofacial trauma secondary to their increased cranial mass to body ratio. All patients with traumatic injury should be assessed according to the Advanced Trauma Life Support protocol. This article discusses the types and prevalence of injuries and approaches to management...
November 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
Amanda Calhoun, Martin Keller, Junxin Shi, Celeste Brancato, Kathy Donovan, Diana Kraus, Julie C Leonard
INTRODUCTION: Studies show that pediatric trauma centers produce better outcomes and reduced mortality for injured children. Yet, most children do not have timely access to a pediatric trauma center and require stabilization locally with subsequent transfer. Investigators have demonstrated that pediatric transport teams (PTT) improve outcomes for critically ill children; however, these studies did not differentiate outcomes for injured children. It may be that moderate to severely injured children actually fare worse with PTT due to slower transport times inherent to their remote locations and thus delays in important interventions...
September 16, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Jorge López, Sarah N Fernández, Rafael González, María J Solana, Javier Urbano, Jesús López-Herce
AIMS: Actual resuscitation guidelines recommend 10 respirations per minute (rpm) for advanced pediatric life support. This respiratory rate (RR) is much lower than what is physiological for children. The aim of this study is to compare changes in ventilation, oxygenation, haemodynamics and return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) rates with three RR. METHODS: An experimental model of asphyxial cardiac arrest (CA) in 46 piglets (around 9.5 kg) was performed. Resuscitation with three different RR (10, 20 and 30 rpm) was carried out...
2016: PloS One
Martin G McCabe, Dominique Valteau-Couanet
Embryonal tumors classically occur in young children, some principally within the first year of life. Prospective national and international clinical trials during recent decades have brought about progressive improvements in survival, and associated biological studies have advanced our understanding of tumor biology, in some cases allowing biological tumor characteristics to be harnessed for therapeutic benefit. Embryonal tumors continue to occur, albeit less commonly, during childhood, adolescence and throughout adulthood...
2016: Progress in Tumor Research
Andrew Mantulak, David B Nicholas
Advances in the surgical and immunological aspects of pediatric kidney transplantation have resulted in significant improvements in long-term outcome and survival rates. However, there continues to be a negative impact reported on overall family functioning despite the reported good health and quality of life for the transplanted child. This research utilizes a phenomenological approach to examine the lived experiences of seven mothers of children who had undergone kidney transplantation. Findings of the study illuminate that the experience of mothering in the context of pediatric kidney transplantation is reflected in (1) the significance of relationships to the experience of self; (2) the lived experience of time; and (3) opportunities for growth and personal development...
September 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Namita Jayaprakash, Rashid Ali, Rahul Kashyap, Courtney Bennett, Alexander Kogan, Ognjen Gajic
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic error and delay are critical impediments to the safety of critically ill patients. Checklist for early recognition and treatment of acute illness and injury (CERTAIN) has been developed as a tool that facilitates timely and error-free evaluation of critically ill patients. While the focused history is an essential part of the CERTAIN framework, it is not clear how best to choreograph this step in the process of evaluation and treatment of the acutely decompensating patient...
2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
Naveen Salins, Raghavendra Ramanjulu, Lipika Patra, Jayita Deodhar, Mary Ann Muckaden
INTRODUCTION: World Health Organization and American Society of Clinical Oncology recommend early integration of specialist palliative care in patients with cancer. This paper focuses on critical review of evidence on integration of early specialist palliative care in cancer care and patient-related outcomes. METHODS: The question for the literature search was - Does integration of early specialist palliative care in cancer care influences patient-related outcomes? 31 articles related to literature search review question were included in this paper...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
Nobuyuki Nosaka, Takeo Fujiwara, Emily Knaup, Ayumi Okada, Hirokazu Tsukahara
Estimation methods for pediatric weight have not been evaluated for Japanese children. This study aimed to assess the accuracy of mothers' reports of their children's weight in Japan. We also evaluated potential alternatives to the estimation of weight, including the Broselow tape (BT), Advanced Pediatric Life Support (APLS), and Park's formulae. We prospectively collected cross-sectional data on a convenience sample of 237 children aged less than 10 years who presented to a general pediatric outpatient clinic with their mothers...
August 2016: Acta Medica Okayama
Jennifer Andrews, Anne M Winkler
For the past four decades, extracorporeal life support (ECLS) has been used to treat critically ill adult and pediatric patients with cardiac and/or respiratory failure, and there are increasingly numbers of centers worldwide performing ECLS for numerous indications. Despite the progress with advancing the technology, hemorrhagic and thrombotic complications are frequently reported and associated with worse outcomes, but the exact cause is often elusive or multifactorial. As a result of the interaction between blood and an artificial circuit, anticoagulation is necessary and there is resultant activation of coagulation, fibrinolysis, as well as, an increased inflammatory response...
October 2016: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Donald R VanDevanter, Sonya L Heltshe, John J LiPuma
Remarkable advances in the management of individuals born with cystic fibrosis (CF) over the past half century would not have been realized without empiric trial and error by CF clinicians with treatments developed and available for other purposes. As the testing and registration of CF-specific treatments has increased, so too have associated health care costs, particularly those of chronic medications. The transition of CF from a lethal pediatric disease to a life-shortening one with an adult majority concurrent with sharp increases in chronic medications costs has placed many CF treatments under increased scrutiny by third-party payers, particularly when prescribed to individuals from CF subpopulations that may not have been included in registration trials...
August 12, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Sarah Tabbutt, Bradley S Marino
OBJECTIVES: The Pediatric Advanced Life Support recommendations were developed for otherwise healthy infants and children with normal cardiac anatomy. Patients with acquired and congenital heart disease require specific considerations that may differ from the Pediatric Advanced Life Support recommendations. Our aim is to present prearrest, arrest, and postarrest considerations that are unique to children with congenital and acquired heart disease. DATA SOURCE: MEDLINE and PubMed...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Adrienne F Schlatter, Andrew R Deathe, Rachel C Vreeman
Over 3.2 million children worldwide are infected with HIV, but only 24% of these children receive antiretroviral therapy (ART). ART adherence among children is a crucial part of managing human-immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and extending the life and health of infected children. Important causes of poor adherence are formulation- and regimen-specific properties, including poor palatability, large pill burden, short dosing intervals, and the complex storage and transportation of drugs. This review aims to summarize the various regimen- and formulation-based barriers to ART adherence among children to support the need for new and innovative pediatric formulations for antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
2016: AIDS Research and Treatment
Kristin A Loiselle, Joseph R Rausch, Sarah Bidwell, Sarah Drake, Stella M Davies, Ahna L H Pai
BACKGROUND: Advances in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) have contributed to increased survival for pediatric patients. However, there are inconsistent findings regarding the impact of HSCT on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes for children. This study aimed to establish trajectories of HRQOL following HSCT and identify predictors of the HRQOL course. PROCEDURE: Ninety caregivers of a child who received HSCT (mean age = 6.42 years) for various oncologic, immunologic, and metabolic conditions completed questionnaires regarding family psychosocial functioning and child HRQOL at the time of discharge from HSCT and follow-up HRQOL at four additional time points...
October 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Jana Sperka, Sheila J Hanson, Raymond G Hoffmann, Mahua Dasgupta, Michael T Meyer
OBJECTIVE: Recent Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) guidelines have deemphasized the use of advanced airways in short transport. It is unclear if guideline recommendations have altered practice. We sought to determine if a temporal change exists in the number of prehospital pediatric trauma intubations since the 2005 PALS guidelines update. METHODS: This is an institutional review board-approved, retrospective, single-center study. Reviewed all pediatric trauma activations where patients younger than 19 years were intubated at the scene, en route or at the level 1 trauma center during 2006 to 2011...
August 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Virginia Mirra, Marco Maglione, Laida L Di Micco, Silvia Montella, Francesca Santamaria
In the past decades improved surgical techniques and better neonatal supportive care have resulted in reduced mortality of patients with esophageal atresia (EA), with or without tracheoesophageal fistula, and in increased prevalence of long-term complications, especially respiratory manifestations. This integrative review describes the techniques currently used in the pediatric clinical practice for assessing EA-related respiratory disease. We also present a novel algorithm for the evaluation and surveillance of lung disease in EA...
May 29, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Brandon C Shade, Kellie Schiavo, Tami Rosenthal, James T Connelly, Richard W Melchior
OVERVIEW: Recent advances in blood pump technology have led to an increased use of centrifugal pumps for prolonged extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Data from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization confirms that many institutions have converted to centrifugal pumps after prior experience with roller pump technology. Centrifugal pump technology is more compact and may generate less heat and hemolysis than a conventional roller pump. Based on the potential advantages of centrifugal pumps, a decision was made institution-wide to convert to centrifugal pump technology in pediatric implementation of ECMO...
June 5, 2016: Perfusion
F X Placencia, Y Ahmadi, L B McCullough
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine how neonatologists and bioethicists conceptualize and apply the Best Interests Standard (BIS). STUDY DESIGN: Members of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities and the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine were surveyed to determine how they conceptualized the BIS and ranked the appropriateness of forgoing life-sustaining therapy (LST). RESULTS: Neonatologists' median response supported an infant-specific BIS conceptualization that linked the infant's and family's interests...
October 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Karen Jean Craig-Brangan, Mary Patricia Day
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Nursing
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