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"Bioelectrical impedance"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225209/dapagliflozin-reduces-fat-mass-without-affecting-muscle-mass-in-type-2-diabetes
#1
Seigo Sugiyama, Hideaki Jinnouchi, Noboru Kurinami, Kunio Hieshima, Akira Yoshida, Katsunori Jinnouchi, Hiroyuki Nishimura, Tomoko Suzuki, Fumio Miyamoto, Keizo Kajiwara, Tomio Jinnouchi
AIM: Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) therapy has been demonstrated to improve glycemic control and reduce body weight and fat mass in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Here, our aim was to investigate the effects of SGLT2i dapagliflozin-treatment on body muscle mass and muscle fat content in patients with T2DM. METHODS: We prospectively recruited uncontrolled (hemoglobin A1c [HbA1c] >7%) Japanese T2DM patients who had a body mass index (BMI) <35 kg/m2...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222346/adiposity-inflammation-and-breast-cancer-pathogenesis-in-asian-women
#2
Neil M Iyengar, I-Chun Chen, Xi K Zhou, Dilip D Giri, Domenick J Falcone, Lisle A Winston, Hanhan Wang, Samantha Williams, Yen-Shen Lu, Tsu-Hsin Hsueh, Ann-Lii Cheng, Clifford A Hudis, Ching-Hung Lin, Andrew J Dannenberg
Obesity is associated with white adipose tissue (WAT) inflammation in the breast, elevated levels of the estrogen biosynthetic enzyme, aromatase, and systemic changes that predispose to breast cancer development. We examined whether WAT inflammation and its associated systemic effects correlate with body fat levels in an Asian population where body mass index (BMI) is not an accurate assessment of obesity and cancer risk. We also investigated whether biologic differences could account for the greater proportion of premenopausal estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer in Asian versus western countries...
December 8, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214739/evaluation-of-intradialytic-hypertension-using-bioelectrical-impedance-combined-with-echocardiography-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients
#3
Hongqi Ren, Dehua Gong, Xu He, Fengyu Jia, Qunpeng He, Bin Xu, Zhihong Liu
Although intra-dialytic hypertension (IDH) has been noted in clinical settings for many years, its pathogenesis remains unclear. In this cross-sectional study, we analyzed IDH incidence in our center and the correlation between postdialysis volume state and IDH. One hundred thirty-one maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients were enrolled in our study, and bioelectrical impedance (BIA) and echocardiography (ECG) were recorded. In addition, demographic data were collected, and laboratory examinations were conducted...
December 7, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214029/comparative-associations-between-anthropometric-and-bioelectric-impedance-analysis-derived-adiposity-measures-with-blood-pressure-and-hypertension-in-india-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#4
Kevin Y Taing, Michael E Farkouh, Rahim Moineddin, Jack V Tu, Prabhat Jha
Background: The utility of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) derived adiposity measures as compared to anthropometric measures for the assessment of adiposity-related health risk is not clear. We aimed to clarify the relationships of BIA and anthropometric derived adipose measures with blood pressure and hypertension, and to compare the discriminative ability of the respective measures for hypertension. Methods: We used baseline data collected between 2015 and 2016 from the Indian Study on Health of Adults (ISHA), an ongoing population based cohort study in India (N = 5990; age 30-69 years)...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212996/-a-comparison-of-the-associations-of-dynapenia-and-sarcopenia-with-fear-of-falling-in-elderly-diabetic-patients
#5
Satoshi Ida, Kazuya Murata, Yuki Ishihara, Kanako Imataka, Ryutaro Kaneko, Ryoko Fujiwara, Hiroka Takahashi
AIM: To comparatively investigate whether dynapenia and sarcopenia, as defined by the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS), are associated with fear of falling in elderly patients with diabetes. METHODS: The subjects were outpatients with diabetes who were at least 65 years of age when they visited our hospital. Sarcopenia was evaluated based on the AWGS definition. The cutoff values for the appendicular skeletal mass index (multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance method), grip strength, and walking speed were, respectively, 7...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211174/accelerometer-determined-peak-cadence-and-weight-status-in-children-from-s%C3%A3-o-caetano-do-sul-brazil
#6
Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Timóteo Araújo, Luis Carlos Oliveira, Victor Keihan Rodrigues Matsudo, Emily Mire, Tiago Barreira, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Peter T Katzmarzyk
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between peak cadence indicators and body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF%)-defined weight status in children. The sample comprised 485 Brazilian children. Minute-by-minute step data from accelerometry were rank ordered for each day to identify the peak 1-minute, 30-minute and 60-minute cadence values. Data were described by BMI-defined and bioelectrical impedance-determined BF% weight status. BMI-defined normal weight children had higher peak 1-minute (115...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201536/the-challenges-of-nutritional-assessment-in-cirrhosis
#7
Alessio Molfino, Sheeva Johnson, Valentina Medici
Purpose of Review: Nutritional status in patients with cirrhosis is very frequently associated with macro- and micronutrient deficiencies. Cirrhosis itself is the cause of malnutrition and nutritional deficiencies but these conditions have to be identified and addressed properly as they can worsen the prognosis of cirrhosis. The goals of this review are to 1) identify and describe the challenges associated with nutritional assessment in cirrhosis and 2) describe recent advancements when using clinical, laboratory, and instrumental tools in the evaluation of malnourished patients with liver diseases...
September 2017: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200983/the-short-term-effect-of-high-versus-moderate-protein-intake-on-recovery-after-strength-training-in-resistance-trained-individuals
#8
Justin Roberts, Anastasia Zinchenko, Craig Suckling, Lee Smith, James Johnstone, Menno Henselmans
Background: Dietary protein intakes up to 2.9 g.kg-1.d-1 and protein consumption before and after resistance training may enhance recovery, resulting in hypertrophy and strength gains. However, it remains unclear whether protein quantity or nutrient timing is central to positive adaptations. This study investigated the effect of total dietary protein content, whilst controlling for protein timing, on recovery in resistance trainees. Methods: Fourteen resistance-trained individuals underwent two 10-day isocaloric dietary regimes with a protein content of 1...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198074/comparison-of-muscle-lean-mass-measurement-methods-correlation-with-functional-and-biochemical-testing
#9
B Buehring, E Siglinsky, D Krueger, W Evans, M Hellerstein, Y Yamada, N Binkley
DXA-measured lean mass is often used to assess muscle mass but has limitations. Thus, we compared DXA lean mass with two novel methods-bioelectric impedance spectroscopy and creatine (methyl-d3) dilution. The examined methodologies did not measure lean mass similarly and the correlation with muscle biomarkers/function varied. INTRODUCTION: Muscle function tests predict adverse health outcomes better than lean mass measurement. This may reflect limitations of current mass measurement methods...
December 2, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197561/phase-angle-is-related-with-inflammatory-and-oxidative-stress-biomarkers-in-older-women
#10
Crisieli Maria Tomeleri, Cláudia Regina Cavaglieri, Mariana Ferreira de Souza, Edilaine Fungari Cavalcante, Melissa Antunes, Hellen Clair Garcez Nabbuco, Danielle Venturini, Decio Sabbatini Barbosa, Analiza Mônica Silva, Edilson Serpeloni Cyrino
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the relation between phase angle (PhA) and inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers in older women. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-five physically independent older women participated in this study (67.7±5.7years, 27.0±4.4kg/m2). Inflammatory markers included interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and acute phase reactive protein (CRP). Oxidative stress biomarkers comprised superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), and total radical-trapping antioxidant potential (TRAP)...
November 29, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192175/higher-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-increased-the-risk-of-sarcopenia-in-the-community-dwelling-older-adults
#11
Fang-Yih Liaw, Ching-Fu Huang, Wei-Liang Chen, Li-Wei Wu, Tao-Chun Peng, Yaw-Wen Chang, Tung-Wei Kao
The platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) has been extensively studied in oncologic diseases. However, the correlation between PLR and sarcopenia remains unknown. In this cross-sectional analysis, we enrolled 3,671 non-institutionalized individuals from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III (1988-1994) aged ≥60 years and whose complete blood counts (CBCs), body composition measurements, and related demographic information was available. Skeletal muscle mass was assessed using a previously published equation (including age, sex, height, and bioelectrical impedance analysis)...
November 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190709/relative-muscle-mass-and-the-risk-of-incident-type-2-diabetes-a-cohort-study
#12
Sungwoo Hong, Yoosoo Chang, Hyun-Suk Jung, Kyung Eun Yun, Hocheol Shin, Seungho Ryu
AIMS: The association between relative muscle mass (RMM) and incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is largely unknown. We examined whether RMM predicted development of T2DM in an apparently young healthy population. METHODS: This cohort study was comprised of 113,913 men and 89,854 women, free of T2DM at baseline, who underwent a health checkup examination and were followed-up annually or biennially for an average of 2.9 years. We used skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) as an indicator of RMM...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181966/bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-body-composition-in-children-and-adolescents-with-down-syndrome
#13
Alessandra Gonçalves Machado, Marina Lummertz Magenis, Angela M Bongiolo, Kamila Castro, Marco A da Silva, Ingrid D Schweigert Perry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175393/total-body-and-arm-bioimpedance-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Elena Mereu, Valeria Succa, Roberto Buffa, Cinzia Sanna, Rosa Maria Mereu, Olga Catte, Elisabetta Marini
PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH: To analyse body composition of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) using total body and localized specific bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (specific BIVA). METHOD: 127 patients (50 men, 78.2±6.3years; 77 women, 81.4±6.8years) with mild to moderate stages of AD were selected from the Geriatric Division, SS. Trinità Hospital of Cagliari (Italy). A sample of 135 healthy age-matched individuals (74 men, 77.4±5.3years; 61 women, 80...
November 21, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170929/the-validity-of-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-to-measure-body-composition-in-phenylketonuria
#15
Maureen Evans, Kay Nguo, Avihu Boneh, Helen Truby
AIM: To compare the measurement of total body water (TBW) and fat-free mass (FFM) using the criterion method of deuterium dilution space ((2)H2O) with bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) using a portable QuadScan 4000, Bodystat(®) in children and adolescents with phenylketonuria (PKU). METHODS: Sixteen patients with PKU, median age is 12.5 (range 5-20.6) years, were recruited into this cross-sectional study. TBW was measured by both deuterium dilution and BIA on the same occasion as per a standard protocol...
November 24, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170709/effects-of-heat-exposure-on-body-water-assessed-using-single-frequency-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-and-bioimpedance-spectroscopy
#16
Brett S Nickerson, Michael R Esco, Phillip A Bishop, Brian M Kliszczewicz, Henry N Williford, Kyung-Shin Park, Bailey A Welborn, Ronald L Snarr, Danilo V Tolusso
The purpose of this study was to determine if heat exposure alters the measures of total body water (TBW), extracellular water (ECW), and intracellular water (ICW) in both single-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS). Additionally, we sought to determine if any differences exist between the BIA and BIS techniques before and after brief exposure to heat. Body water was evaluated for twenty men (age=24±4 years) in a thermoneutral environment (22°C) before (PRE) and immediately after (POST) 15 min of passive heating (35°C) in an environmental chamber...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170699/validity-of-arm-to-arm-bia-devices-compared-to-dxa-for-estimating-fat-in-college-men-and-women
#17
Rebecca A Rockamann, Emily K Dalton, Jana L Arabas, Liz Jorn, Jerry L Mayhew
Bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) devices are commonly used to estimate percent body fat (%fat), although validation of their accuracy varies widely. The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of four commonly used BIA devices compared to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). College-aged men (n = 29, age = 19.7 ± 1.2 y, weight = 76.9 ± 12.5 kg) and women (n = 31, age = 20.5 ± 0.8 y, weight = 61.5 ± 9.2 kg) were evaluated for %fat using four single-frequency (50 mHz) BIA devices and DXA. A gender × device repeated measures ANOVA indicated some less expensive BIA devices produced %fat values that were not significantly different from DXA...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170061/the-association-between-muscle-mass-deficits-and-arterial-stiffness-in-middle-aged-men
#18
I J Im, H J Choi, S M Jeong, H J Kim, J S Son, H J Oh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Early diagnosis of arteriosclerosis is fundamental for the prevention of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The current study was performed to identify major predictors of arteriosclerosis and to assess the association between arterial stiffness as measured by cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) and muscle mass deficit (MMD) estimated by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in middle-aged men. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were gathered from 3356 middle-aged men who visited a health promotion center...
October 12, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169576/sarcopenia-and-sarcopenic-obesity-in-spanish-community-dwelling-middle-aged-and-older-women-association-with-balance-confidence-fear-of-falling-and-fall-risk
#19
Agustín Aibar-Almazán, Antonio Martínez-Amat, David Cruz-Díaz, José D Jiménez-García, Alexander Achalandabaso, Indalecio Sánchez-Montesinos, Manuel de la Torre-Cruz, Fidel Hita-Contreras
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the association of sarcopenia, obesity, and sarcopenic obesity (SO) with fear of falling (FoF) and balance confidence in a Spanish sample of middle-aged and older community-dwelling women. STUDY DESIGN AND OUTCOME MEASURES: A total of 235 women (69.21±7.56 years) participated in this study. Body composition (bioelectrical impedance analysis), hand-grip strength, and physical performance (gait speed) were evaluated for the diagnosis of sarcopenia, obesity, and SO...
January 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165375/south-asian-children-have-increased-body-fat-in-comparison-to-white-children-at-the-same-body-mass-index
#20
Emma L J Eyre, Michael J Duncan, Alan Nevill
The ability of body mass index (BMI) to predict excess fat in South Asian children is unknown. This cross-sectional study examines the influence of ethnicity on body fatness in children. Weight status and body fat were determined using BMI, waist circumference (WC), two skinfold sites (SF; triceps and subscapula) and leg-to-leg bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA; Tanita BF350, Tanita, Tokyo, Japan) in 194 children aged 8.47 ± 0.50 years from Coventry, United Kingdom. Biological maturity was also determined...
November 22, 2017: Children
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