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"Bioelectrical impedance"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679374/relationship-between-relative-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-7-year-longitudinal-study
#1
Gyuri Kim, Seung-Eun Lee, You-Bin Lee, Ji Eun Jun, Jiyeon Ahn, Ji Cheol Bae, Sang-Man Jin, Kyu Yeon Hur, Jae Hwan Jee, Moon-Kyu Lee, Jae Hyeon Kim
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been associated with relative skeletal muscle mass in several cross-sectional studies. We explored the impacts of relative skeletal muscle mass and changes in relative muscle mass over time on the development of incident NAFLD or the resolution of baseline NAFLD in a large, longitudinal, population-based 7-year cohort study. We included 12,624 subjects without baseline NAFLD and 2,943 subjects with baseline NAFLD who underwent health check-up examinations. A total of 10,534 subjects without baseline NAFLD and 2,631 subjects with baseline NAFLD were included in analysis of changes in relative skeletal muscle mass over a year...
April 20, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677190/a-haplotype-of-three-snps-in-fto-had-a-strong-association-with-body-composition-and-bmi-in-iranian-male-adolescents
#2
Naser Kalantari, Nastaran Keshavarz Mohammadi, Pantea Izadi, Saeid Doaei, Maryam Gholamalizadeh, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Tuire Salonurmi, Shahram Rafieifar, Reza Janipoor, Ghasem Azizi Tabesh
BACKGROUND: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), which are located in the first intron of the FTO gene, are reported to be associated with body weight and the body mass index (BMI). However, their effects on anthropometric measurements in adolescents are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the association of three adjacent polymorphisms (rs9930506, rs9930501, & rs9932754) in the FTO gene with anthropometric indices in Iranian adolescent males...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673832/effects-of-physical-training-with-the-nintendo-wii-fit-plus-%C3%A2-and-protein-supplementation-on-musculoskeletal-function-and-the-risk-of-falls-in-pre-frail-older-women-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-the-wiiprotein-study
#3
Audrin Said Vojciechowski, Simone Biesek, Jarbas Melo Filho, Estela Iraci Rabito, Maryelle Paula do Amaral, Anna Raquel Silveira Gomes
BACKGROUND: Frailty is one of the key geriatric syndromes and is related to the loss of functional independence. However, the practice of physical training (PT) combined with protein supplementation (PS) may improve musculoskeletal function (MF). OBJECTIVE: To verify the effect of PT using 'exergames' with or without PS on MF, nutritional status, and risk of falls in pre-frail older women. METHOD: The protocol is for a randomized controlled clinical trial with a sample of pre-frail older women, divided into 5 groups: control group; PT using exergames; PS; PT using exergames combined with PS; PT using exergames combined with isoenergetic supplementation...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673210/bioelectrical-impedance-phase-angle-as-an-indicator-of-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-children-with-diagnosed-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-a-case-control-study
#4
Paweł Więch, Mariusz Dąbrowski, Dariusz Bazaliński, Izabela Sałacińska, Bartosz Korczowski, Monika Binkowska-Bury
The phase angle (PhA) seems to be a reliable screening tool for the identification of malnutrition risk in hospitalized children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of the present study was to assess the body composition and nutritional status of hospitalized children and adolescents with IBD by using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) with phase angle (PhA) calculation, which has not been evaluated in hospitalized children with IBD yet. A total of 59 children and adolescents aged 4–18 years, with IBD: 34 ulcerative colitis (UC) and 25 Crohn’s disease (CD) were included in the study...
April 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670261/body-weight-difference-between-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-and-multi-frequency-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-attenuates-the-equivalence-of-body-composition-assessment
#5
Duong Duc Pham, Seung Ku Lee, Chol Shin, Nan Hee Kim, Chae Hun Leem
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Low agreement of body-composition analysis (BCA) using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (MF-BIA) has been reported. We examined whether this discrepancy is influenced by the precision of body weight (BW) measurement using DXA. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 1353 participants aged 53-83 years. A whole-body DXA scan and an eight-polar tactile-electrode impedance-meter using four electronic frequencies of 5, 50, 250, and 500 kHz were employed for BCA...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665664/-resting-metabolic-rate-estimated-by-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-and-its-determinants-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients
#6
J J Da, H Y Peng, X Lin, Y Shen, J Q Zhao, S He, Y Zha
Objective: To explore the level of resting energy expenditure (REE) estimated by bioelectrical impedance analysis and the association of resting metabolic rate (RMR) with clinical related factors, and provide new ideas for improving protein energy wasting (PEW) in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. Methods: Seven hundred and sixty-five subjects receiving MHD between July 2015 and September 2016 in 11 hemodialysis centers in Guizhou province were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Bioelectrical impedance analysis was used to measure RMR and body composition, such as lean body mass, fat mass and body cell mass (BCM)...
March 27, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665258/health-related-quality-of-life-and-fall-risk-associated-with-age-related-body-composition-changes-sarcopenia-obesity-and-sarcopenic-obesity
#7
Zeynel Abidin Öztürk, İbrahim Halil Türkbeyler, Azer Abiyev, Seval Kul, Bahadır Edizer, Funda Datli Yakaryılmaz, Gülçimen Soylu
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia, obesity, and sarcopenic obesity are various features of the aging process that can cause important health issues. The present study was undertaken to investigate the interrelationship between those body composition changes including their clinical components and the quality of life variables. METHODS: 423 individuals aged 65 years or more were included in this cross-sectional study. Sarcopenia was diagnosed according to The European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People criteria...
April 17, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663711/dilution-of-oral-d-3-creatine-to-measure-creatine-pool-size-and-estimate-skeletal-muscle-mass-development-of-a-correction-algorithm
#8
Mahalakshmi Shankaran, Gregg Czerwieniec, Chancy Fessler, Po-Yin Anne Wong, Salena Killion, Scott M Turner, Marc K Hellerstein, William J Evans
BACKGROUND: Muscle mass can be measured directly in vivo by isotope dilution, using Creatine-(methyl-d3 ) monohydrate (D3 -Cr) by mouth followed by measurement of the steady-state enrichment of D3 -creatinine (D3 -Crn) in urine. Isotope dilution methods require knowledge of the amount of tracer delivered to the pool of interest. In a subset of human subjects, a small amount of orally administered D3 -Cr 'spills' into urine after absorption and prior to transport into skeletal muscle cells...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661686/utilization-of-bia-derived-bone-mineral-estimates-exerts-minimal-impact-on-body-fat-estimates-via-multicompartment-models-in-physically-active-adults
#9
Brett S Nickerson, Grant M Tinsley
The purpose of this study was to compare body fat estimates and fat-free mass (FFM) characteristics produced by multicompartment models when utilizing either dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) or single-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (SF-BIA) for bone mineral content (BMC) in a sample of physically active adults. Body fat percentage (BF%) was estimated with 5-compartment (5C), 4-compartment (4C), 3-compartment (3C), and 2-compartment (2C) models, and DXA. The 5C-Wang with DXA for BMC (i.e., 5C-WangDXA ) was the criterion...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659896/does-metformin-treatment-during-pregnancy-modify-future-metabolic-profile-in-women-with-pcos
#10
Maria Othelie Underdal, Solhild Stridsklev, Ingrid Hennum Oppen, Kristin Høgetveit, Marianne Skovsager Andersen, Eszter Vanky
Context: Worldwide, metformin is prescribed in an attempt to improve pregnancy outcome in PCOS. Metformin may also benefit future health by modulating the increased metabolic stress during pregnancy. Objective: To investigate if metformin during pregnancy modified future metabolic health in women with PCOS. Design: Follow-up study of a randomized controlled trial, which compared metformin to placebo in women with PCOS. Mean follow-up period was 8 years (5-11)...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656933/body-composition-measurement-in-bronchiectasis-comparison-between-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-skinfold-thickness-measurement-and-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-before-and-after-pulmonary-rehabilitation
#11
Esperanza Doña, Casilda Olveira, Francisco Javier Palenque, Nuria Porras, Antonio Dorado, Rocío Martín-Valero, Ana M Godoy, Francisco Espíldora, Victoria Contreras, Gabriel Olveira
BACKGROUND: In individuals with bronchiectasis, fat-free mass depletion may be common despite a low prevalence of underweight and is considered a risk factor for increased morbidity and mortality. Techniques to adequately estimate fat-free mass and its changes over time are needed. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess agreement among values obtained with three different body composition techniques: skinfold thickness measurement (STM), bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655928/effects-of-3-months-sitting-callisthenic-balance-and-resistance-exercise-on-aerobic-capacity-aortic-stiffness-and-body-composition-in-healthy-older-participants-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Sławomir Kujawski, Agnieszka Kujawska, Małgorzata Gajos, Jacek J Klawe, Małgorzata Tafil-Klawe, Katarzyna Mądra-Gackowska, Błażej Stankiewicz, Julia L Newton, Kornelia Kędziora-Kornatowska, Paweł Zalewski
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness (AS) is a reduction in the ability of large arteries to readily accommodate the increase in blood ejected from the heart during systole related with aging. Physical exercise is associated with AS reduction. However, it remains controversial as to which modality and intensity (resistance vs aerobic, high vs low) would be the most effective. The aim of these studies is to examine the effects of 3-months sitting callisthenic balance (SCB) and resistance exercise (RET) on aerobic capacity, aortic stiffness and body composition in older participants...
April 12, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655777/body-composition-evaluated-by-body-mass-index-and-bioelectrical-impedance-vector-analysis-in-women-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
Juan Antonio Pineda-Juárez, Mariel Lozada-Mellado, Midori Ogata-Medel, Andrea Hinojosa-Azaola, Cira Santillán-Díaz, Luis Llorente, Arturo Orea-Tejeda, Jorge Alcocer-Varela, Rolando Espinosa-Morales, Marco González-Contreras, Lilia Castillo-Martínez
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex inflammatory disease that modifies body composition. Although body mass index (BMI) is one of the clinical nutrition tools widely used to assess indirectly nutritional status, it is not able to identify these body alterations. Bioelectrical Vector Analysis (BIVA) is an alternative method to assess hydration and body cell mass of patients with wasting conditions. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differences in nutrition status according to BMI groups (normal, overweight and obesity) and BIVA classification (cachectic and non-cachectic) in women with RA...
February 12, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652197/relationship-between-locomotive-syndrome-and-body-composition-among-community-dwelling-middle-age-and-elderly-individuals-in-japan-the-yakumo-study
#14
Satoshi Tanaka, Kei Ando, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Tetsuro Hida, Taisuke Seki, Koji Suzuki, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Masayoshi Morozumi, Masaaki Machino, Kyotaro Ota, Naoki Ishiguro, Yukiharu Hasegawa, Shiro Imagama
OBJECTIVES: Locomotive syndrome (LS) is a condition requiring nursing care for musculoskeletal disorders. Our aim was to evaluate the correlation between body composition, measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), and LS, measured using the 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Functional Scale (GLFS-25). METHODS: We enrolled 286 individuals who were undergoing regular health follow-up. All individuals completed the GLFS-25, body composition analysis by BIA, and five physical performance tests related to LS: Timed up-and-go test, 10-m gait time, maximum stride length, back strength, and grip strength...
April 13, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650435/relationship-between-oxidative-stress-and-muscle-mass-loss-in-early-postmenopause-an-exploratory-study
#15
Mariano Zacarías-Flores, Martha A Sánchez-Rodríguez, Oswaldo Daniel García-Anaya, Elsa Correa-Muñoz, Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez
BACKGROUND: Endocrine changes due to menopause have been associated to oxidative stress and muscle mass loss. The study objective was to determine the relationship between both variables in early postmenopause. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An exploratory, cross-sectional study was conducted in 107 pre- and postmenopausal women (aged 40-57 years). Levels of serum lipid peroxides and uric acid and enzymes superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase, as well as total plasma antioxidant capacity were measured as oxidative stress markers...
April 9, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643156/indecho-study-cohort-study-investigating-birth-size-childhood-growth-and-young-adult-cardiovascular-risk-factors-as-predictors-of-midlife-myocardial-structure-and-function-in-south-asians
#16
Senthil K Vasan, Ambuj Roy, Viji Thomson Samuel, Belavendra Antonisamy, Santosh K Bhargava, Anoop George Alex, Bhaskar Singh, Clive Osmond, Finney S Geethanjali, Fredrik Karpe, Harshpal Sachdev, Kanhaiya Agrawal, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, Nikhil Tandon, Nihal Thomas, Prasanna S Premkumar, Prrathepa Asaithambi, Sneha F X Princy, Sikha Sinha, Thomas Vizhalil Paul, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Caroline H D Fall
INTRODUCTION: South Asians have high rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidaemia and central obesity). Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and dysfunction are features of these disorders and important predictors of CVD mortality. Lower birth and infant weight and greater childhood weight gain are associated with increased adult CVD mortality, but there are few data on their relationship to LV function. The IndEcho study will examine associations of birth size, growth during infancy, childhood and adolescence and CVD risk factors in young adulthood with midlife cardiac structure and function in South Asian Indians...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628405/resting-metabolic-rate-and-weight-loss-after-bariatric-surgery
#17
Roberto de Cleva, Filippe Camarotto Mota, Alexandre Vieira Gadducci, Lilian Cardia, Julia Maria D'Andréa Greve, Marco Aurelio Santo
BACKGROUND: There is an increased interest in understanding how variation in body composition (BC) and energy expenditure is related to successful weight loss after surgery. It has been suggested that low resting metabolic rate (RMR) could be associated with poor weight loss. OBJECTIVES: To determine the relation among changes in BC, RMR, and weight loss after bariatric surgery. SETTING: University tertiary care hospital, Brazil. METHODS: A cohort of 45 patients submitted to bariatric surgery was prospectively studied...
March 1, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625408/nutritional-intervention-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-during-chemo-radiotherapy
#18
Serena Della Valle, Silvia Colatruglio, Vanessa La Vela, Elena Tagliabue, Luigi Mariani, Cecilia Gavazzi
OBJECTIVE: Head and neck cancer patients experience unintentional weight loss and malnutrition at diagnosis, during oncologic treatment, and after the end of therapy because of reduction of eating ability. The aim of the present study was to assess nutrition intervention efficacy in maintaining basal nutritional conditions. METHODS: Head and neck cancer patient candidates for chemoradiotherapy and requiring enteral nutrition (EN) support through gastrostomy, according to international guidelines, were included in the study...
February 5, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624522/low-energy-availability-plasma-lipids-and-hormonal-profiles-of-recreational-athletes
#19
Katherine Black, Joanne Slater, Rachel C Brown, Rebecca Cooke
Black, K, Slater, J, Brown, RC, and Cooke, R. Low energy availability, plasma lipids, and hormonal profiles of recreational athletes. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-It has been postulated that low energy availability (LEA) impacts bone health, hormonal concentrations, and cardiovascular function. This study describes the lipid levels, hormonal profiles, and nutrient intakes of recreationally active adults at risk of LEA compared with those not at risk. Thirty-eight women who meet or exceed the New Zealand guidelines for physical activity participated...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623870/comparative-evidence-of-the-consumption-from-fast-food-restaurants-between-normal-weight-and-obese-saudi-schoolchildren
#20
Hmidan A Alturki, Denise Sk Brookes, Peter Sw Davies
OBJECTIVE: To provide an in-depth analysis of the relationship between obesity and fast-food consumption by comparing urban obese and normal-weight Saudi Arabian children. DESIGN: A multicentre cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2015 to March 2016. Participants were divided into two groups (normal weight and obese) and further stratified by sex. Groups were randomly selected using a multistage stratified cluster-sampling technique. A self-paced questionnaire was used to collect data relating to food consumption...
April 6, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
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