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"Bioelectrical impedance"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042391/korean-obesity-surgical-treatment-study-kobess-protocol-of-a-prospective-multicentre-cohort-study-on-obese-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#1
Young Suk Park, Do Joong Park, Joo Ho Lee, Hyuk-Joon Lee, Tae Kyung Ha, Yong-Jin Kim, Seung-Wan Ryu, Sang-Moon Han, Moon-Won Yoo, Sungsoo Park, Sang-Uk Han, Yoonseok Heo
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgery effectively induces long-term weight loss in Western populations. However, its effectiveness in Asians remains to be confirmed objectively. The Korean Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery proposes the first prospective cohort study on Koreans undergoing bariatric surgery. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Korean OBEsity Surgical treatment Study (KOBESS) is a prospective, multicentre, single-arm, observational, cohort study on morbidly obese patients who undergo primary sleeve gastrectomy or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in Korea...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039298/application-of-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-in-prediction-of-light-kid-carcass-and-muscle-chemical-composition
#2
S R Silva, J Afonso, A Monteiro, R Morais, A Cabo, A C Batista, C M Guedes, A Teixeira
Carcass data were collected from 24 kids (average live weight of 12.5±5.5 kg; range 4.5 to 22.4 kg) of Jarmelista Portuguese native breed, to evaluate bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) as a technique for prediction of light kid carcass and muscle chemical composition. Resistance (Rs, Ω) and reactance (Xc, Ω), were measured in the cold carcasses with a single frequency bioelectrical impedance analyzer and, together with impedance (Z, Ω), two electrical volume measurements (VolA and VolB, cm2/Ω), carcass cold weight (CCW), carcass compactness and several carcass linear measurements were fitted as independent variables to predict carcass composition by stepwise regression analysis...
October 17, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038670/can-total-body-resistance-measured-using-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-be-the-index-of-dehydration-in-older-japanese-patients
#3
Miyuki Shimizu, Kensuke Kinoshita, Takami Maeno, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Tetsuhiro Maeno
BACKGROUND: Dehydration in older patients has long been considered a significant health problem because it implies increased morbidity and mortality. However, dehydration is detected by a combination of physical signs and blood tests. For older people dwelling at home and in nursing homes, a simple and non-invasive method for detecting dehydration by caregivers is needed. The total body resistance is measured using bioelectrical impedance analysis and is known as an indicator of dehydration...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035594/total-body-water-dynamics-estimated-with-bioelectrical-impedance-vector-analysis-and-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-after-exposure-to-hypobaric-hypoxia-a-field-study
#4
Giacomo Strapazzon, Matiram Pun, Tomas Dal Cappello, Emily Procter, Piergiorgio Lochner, Hermann Brugger, Antonio Piccoli
Strapazzon, Giacomo, Matiram Pun, Tomas Dal Cappello, Emily Procter, Piergiorgio Lochner, Hermann Brugger, and Antonio Piccoli. Total body water dynamics estimated with bioelectrical impedance vector analysis and B-type natriuretic peptide after exposure to hypobaric hypoxia: A field study. High Alt Med Biol. 18:000-000, 2017.-The relationship between total body water (TBW) dynamics and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), a stable metabolite of B-type natriuretic peptide, during acute high altitude exposure is not known...
October 16, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032859/the-effect-of-maternal-dha-supplementation-on-body-fat-mass-in-children-at-7-years-follow-up-of-the-domino-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
K Wood, E Mantzioris, B Lingwood, J Couper, M Makrides, R A Gibson, B S Muhlhausler
BACKGROUND: Animal studies have suggested that an increased supply of omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA), in particular docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), during the perinatal period can prevent later excess body fat mass. However, previous human studies have produced inconsistent findings, and few have assessed potential effects beyond 6 years of age. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of supplementing women in the second half of pregnancy with omega-3 LCPUFA, chiefly as DHA, on the percentage body fat of children at 7 years of age, as assessed by two methods: air displacement plethysmography (BOD POD) and bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS)...
September 22, 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031771/a-nonrandomized-controlled-clinical-pilot-trial-on-8%C3%A2-wk-of%C3%A2-intermittent-fasting-24%C3%A2-h-wk
#6
Christian S Kessler, Rainer Stange, Maike Schlenkermann, Michael Jeitler, Andreas Michalsen, Antonia Selle, Franca Raucci, Nico Steckhan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate whether intermittent fasting (IF) is an effective preventive measure, and whether it is feasible for healthy volunteers under every day conditions. METHODS: A nonrandomized controlled clinical trial on IF was performed with healthy volunteers over a period of 8 wk, and a subsequent 4-mo follow-up. Outcomes were assessed at baseline, after 8 wk, and after 6 mo. Volunteers who were not interested in fasting served as a control group...
August 12, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029893/the-prevalence-of-sarcopenia-is-markedly-increased-in-patients-with-intestinal-failure-and-associates-with-several-risk-factors
#7
Anders Skallerup, Louis Nygaard, Søren Schou Olesen, Marianne Køhler, Lars Vinter-Jensen, Henrik Højgaard Rasmussen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intestinal insufficiency and intestinal failure are conditions associated with malabsorption of micro- and macronutrients. Consequently, malnutrition and ensuing alterations in body composition are common in this context and patients may have an increased risk of progressive loss of skeletal muscle mass and function (i.e. sarcopenia). We investigated the prevalence of sarcopenia in patients with intestinal insufficiency and intestinal failure and identified associated risk factors...
September 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027398/nutritional-status-cachexia-and-anorexia-in-women-with-peritoneal-metastasis-and-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-a-longitudinal-analysis
#8
Ziad Hilal, Günther A Rezniczek, Robert Klenke, Askin Dogan, Clemens B Tempfer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the nutritional status of women with peritoneal metastasis (PM) from recurrent ovarian, fallopian, or peritoneal cancer and to assess longitudinal variations of the cachexia-anorexia syndrome (CAS) during palliative pressurized intraperitoneal aerosol chemotherapy (PIPAC). METHODS: Nutritional assessment included body mass index (BMI), bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), and blood chemistry. CAS presence/absence was recorded before and during repeated cycles (1-11) of PIPAC...
November 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022158/clinical-utility-of-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-in-patients-with-locoregional-muscle-invasive-or-metastatic-urothelial-carcinoma-a-subanalysis-of-changes-in-body-composition-during-neoadjuvant-systemic-chemotherapy
#9
Makito Miyake, Takuya Owari, Takashi Iwamoto, Yosuke Morizawa, Shunta Hori, Nagaaki Marugami, Keiji Shimada, Kota Iida, Kenta Ohnishi, Daisuke Gotoh, Yoshihiro Tatsumi, Yasushi Nakai, Takeshi Inoue, Satoshi Anai, Kazumasa Torimoto, Katsuya Aoki, Tatsuo Yoneda, Nobumichi Tanaka, Kiyohide Fujimoto
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical utility of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in a cohort of patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC). METHODS: We prospectively evaluated body composition in 35 patients with locoregional muscle invasive (≥ T2 and N0-2M0) or metastatic UC. Body composition was evaluated using multifrequency BIA at baseline (n = 35) and during chemotherapy in patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (n = 14)...
October 11, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016470/efficacy-of-branched-chain-amino-acid-supplementation-and-walking-exercise-for-preventing-sarcopenia-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#10
Atsushi Hiraoka, Kojiro Michitaka, Daisuke Kiguchi, Hirofumi Izumoto, Hidetaro Ueki, Miho Kaneto, Shogo Kitahata, Toshihiko Aibiki, Tomonari Okudaira, Hideomi Tomida, Yuji Miyamoto, Hiroka Yamago, Yoshifumi Suga, Ryuichiro Iwasaki, Kenichiro Mori, Hideki Miyata, Eiji Tsubouchi, Masato Kishida, Tomoyuki Ninomiya, Shigeru Kohgami, Masashi Hirooka, Yoshio Tokumoto, Masanori Abe, Bunzo Matsuura, Yoichi Hiasa
BACKGROUND/AIM: Sarcopenia is recognized as a condition related to quality of life and prognosis in patients with chronic liver disease, although no useful strategy for improving muscle volume and strength has been established. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of supplementation with branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) administration and walking exercise. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From December 2015 to July 2016, 33 Japanese outpatients with liver cirrhosis were enrolled (median: 67 years, HCV : HBV : alcohol : others=26 : 2 : 2 : 3, male : female=13 : 20, Child-Pugh A : B=30 : 3)...
October 9, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994489/short-term-resource-allocation-during-extensive-athletic-competition
#11
Daniel P Longman, Sean P Prall, Eric C Shattuck, Ian D Stephen, Jay T Stock, Jonathan C K Wells, Michael P Muehlenbein
OBJECTIVES: Following predictions from life history theory, we sought to identify acute trade-offs between reproductive effort (as measured by psychological arousal) and somatic maintenance (via functional measures of innate immunity) during conditions of severe energetic imbalance. METHODS: Sixty-six male ultramarathon runners (ages 20 to 37 years) were sampled before and after a lengthy race. Saliva and sera were collected for testosterone and immunological analyses (hemolytic complement activity and bacterial killing ability)...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993936/the-influence-of-body-composition-on-pulmonary-rehabilitation-outcomes-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#12
Pichapong Tunsupon, M Jeffery Mador
INTRODUCTION: Alterations in body composition are commonly present in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The hypothesis of this study is that COPD patients would achieve clinical benefits after pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) independent of muscle mass depletion or body weight. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using single-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) for assessment of fat-free mass (FFM) depletion (muscle depletion)...
October 9, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992355/severe-obesity-is-a-limitation-for-the-use-of-body-mass-index-standard-deviation-scores-in-children-and-adolescents
#13
Pétur B Júlíusson, Mathieu Roelants, Beate Benestad, Samira Lekhal, Yngvild Danielsen, Jøran Hjelmesaeth, Jens K Hertel
AIM: We analysed the distribution of the body mass index standard deviation scores (BMI SDS) in children and adolescents seeking treatment for severe obesity, according to the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF), World Health Organization (WHO) and the national Norwegian Bergen Growth Study (BGS) BMI reference charts and the percentage above the International Obesity Task Force 25 cut-off (IOTF-25). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 396 children aged 4-17 years, who attended a tertiary care obesity centre in Norway from 2009-2015...
October 9, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987469/prevalence-of-sarcopenia-and-its-association-with-activities-of-daily-living-and-dysphagia-in-convalescent-rehabilitation-ward-inpatients
#14
Yoshihiro Yoshimura, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Takahiro Bise, Maiko Tanoue
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia following stroke, musculoskeletal disease, or hospital-associated deconditioning in convalescent rehabilitation ward inpatients. The association between the activities of daily living (ADLs), dysphagia, and sarcopenia was also assessed. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in consecutive patients admitted to convalescent rehabilitation wards. Sarcopenia was defined as a loss of skeletal muscle mass and decreased muscle strength...
September 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987018/validation-of-multi-frequency-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-versus-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-to-measure-body-fat-percentage-in-overweight-obeses-colombian-adults
#15
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Alejandra Tordecilla-Sanders, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Katherine González-Ruíz, Emilio González-Jiménez, Hector Reynaldo Triana-Reina, Antonio García-Hermoso, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle
OBJECTIVES: To verify the validity of multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (mBCA) for predicting body fat percentage (BF%) in overweight/obese adults using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as the reference method. METHODS: Forty-eight adults participated (54% women, mean age = 41.0 ± 7.3 years old). The Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the correlation between BIA and BF% assessed by DXA. The concordance between BF% measured by both methods was obtained with Lin's concordance correlation coefficient and Bland-Altman difference plots...
October 7, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986055/gender-differences-in-the-association-of-epicardial-adipose-tissue-and-coronary-artery-calcification-epicheart-study-eat-and-coronary-calcification-by-gender
#16
Jennifer Mancio, Marilia Pinheiro, Wilson Ferreira, Monica Carvalho, Antonio Barros, Nuno Ferreira, Luis Vouga, Vasco Gama Ribeiro, Adelino Leite-Moreira, Ines Falcao-Pires, Nuno Bettencourt
BACKGROUND: The association of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and coronary artery calcification (CAC) seems to differ by gender. However, few studies have controlled for body size, and the ideal method for body size indexing has not been explored. OBJECTIVES: To analyse the effect of gender related-body size and-body fat differences on the association of EAT with CAC. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort of 371 severe aortic stenosis patients (77±8...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981652/prevalence-of-malnutrition-and-nutritional-characteristics-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#17
María José Casanova, Maria Chaparro, Begoña Molina, Olga Merino, Ricardo Batanero, Carmen Dueñas-Sadornil, Pilar Robledo, Ana María Garcia-Albert, Maria Bienvenida Gómez-Sánchez, Xavier Calvet, Maria Del Roser Trallero, Miguel Montoro, Iria Vázquez, Mara Charro, Amaya Barragán, Francisco Martínez-Cerezo, Isabel Megias-Rangil, José María Huguet, Ezequiel Marti-Bonmati, Marta Calvo, Mariana Campderá, Margarita Muñoz-Vicente, Angel Merchante, Ansel David Ávila, Pilar Serrano-Aguayo, Ruth De Francisco, Daniel Hervías, Luis Bujanda, Gloria Esther Rodriguez, Luisa Castro-Laria, Manuel Barreiro-de Acosta, Manuel Van Domselaar, Patricia Ramirez de la Piscina, Javier Santos-Fernández, Alicia Algaba, Sandra Torra, Liliana Pozzati, Pilar López-Serrano, Maria Del Rosario Arribas, Maria Luisa Rincón, Andrés Camilo Peláez, Elena Castro, Antonio García-Herola, Cecilio Santander, Moisés Hernández-Alonso, Elisa Martín-Noguerol, María Gómez-Lozano, Tamara Monedero, Albert Villoria, Ariadna Figuerola, Andrés Castaño-García, Jesús M Banales, Laura Díaz-Hernández, Federico Argüelles-Arias, Javier López-Díaz, Isabel Pérez-Martínez, Noelia García-Talavera, Olivia Karina Nuevo-Siguairo, Sabino Riestra, Javier P Gisbert
Aims: This study sought to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, to analyse the dietary beliefs and behaviours of these patients, to study their body composition, to evaluate their muscular strength and to identify the factors associated with malnutrition in these patients. Methods: This was a prospective, multicentre study. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis patients from 30 Spanish centres, from the outpatient clinics, were included...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972598/evaluation-of-occupational-physical-load-during-6-month-international-crisis-management-operation
#18
Kai Pihlainen, Matti Santtila, Tommi Vasankari, Keijo Häkkinen, Heikki Kyröläinen
OBJECTIVES: Generally, operational military duties are associated with a variety of stressors, such as prolonged physical activity (PA). However, limited information is available on the occupational workload or changes in PA during international military operations. Thus, the aim of the study was to investigate the changes in body composition, stress biomarkers, PA, and heart rate (HR) responses of 79 male soldiers during a 6-month international crisis management operation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Measurements were conducted 3 times in South-Lebanon during the operation...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966732/restless-legs-syndrome-in-adolescents-relationship-with-sleep-quality-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-body-fat
#19
Christoforos D Giannaki, Georgios M Hadjigeorgiou, George Aphamis, Marios Pantzaris, Giorgos K Sakkas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship between restless legs syndrome (RLS) and cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition and sleep quality in a sample of adolescents. METHODS: One hundred fifty seven volunteer adolescents (16.6 ± 0.7 yrs) participated in the study. Sleep quality was assessed by the Pittsburg sleep quality index. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed by the 20 m shuttle run test and body composition by bioelectrical impedance analysis...
January 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960036/measurement-of-fluid-status-using-bioimpedance-methods-in-korean-pediatric-patients-on-hemodialysis
#20
Eun Mi Yang, Eujin Park, Yo Han Ahn, Hyun Jin Choi, Hee Gyung Kang, Hae Il Cheong, Il Soo Ha
Adequate fluid management is an important therapeutic goal of dialysis. Recently, bioelectrical impedance methods have been used to determine body fluid status, but pediatric reports are rare. To determine the accuracy of bioelectrical impedance methods in the assessment of body fluid statusof children undergoing hemodialysis (HD), 12 children on HD were studied. A multi-frequency bioimpedance analysis device (Inbody S10) and bioimpedance spectroscopy device (BCM) were used to evaluate fluid status. Fluid removal during a HD session (assessed as body-weight change, ΔBWt) was compared with the difference in total body water determined by each device (measured fluid difference, ΔMF), which showed strong correlation using either method (Pearson's coefficient, r = 0...
November 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
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