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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156326/monitoring-lean-meat-percentage-predictions-from-optical-grading-probes-by-a-commercial-cutting-pattern
#1
Lars Erik Gangsei, Frøydis Bjerke, Morten Røe, Ole Alvseike
The lean meat percentage (LMP) classification in Norwegian slaughterhouses is obtained by Hennessy Grading Probe 7 (HGP7), an optical tool. Even though the HGP7 method is validated frequently, there is industrial and legislative demand to reconsider the applied LMP equation, typically due to the introduction of new breeds. A deboning pilot plant generates precise yield data using cutting and deboning stratified pork carcasses by a specific commercial cutting pattern (CCP) at an annual rate of approximately 250 slaughter pigs...
November 11, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154224/evaluation-of-whole-pork-belly-qualitative-and-quantitative-properties-using-selective-belly-muscle-parameters
#2
Eun-A Lee, Ji-Hoon Kang, Jin-Hyung Cheong, Kyung-Chul Koh, Woo-Min Jeon, Jee-Hwan Choe, Ki-Chang Hong, Jun-Mo Kim
The objective of this study was to identify parameters for the evaluation of pork belly quality (composition) and quantity (volume) and to develop regression equations that predict properties of whole pork belly. Through an image analysis of 648 bellies, newly characterized pork belly parameters were developed for evaluating pork belly quality and quantity. Importantly, the estimated muscle volume showed high positive correlation with the whole belly volume and the whole belly muscle percentage (r=0.458, and 0...
November 10, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147084/optimization-of-replacing-pork-meat-with-yellow-worm-tenebrio-molitor-l-for-frankfurters
#3
Yun-Sang Choi, Tae-Kyung Kim, Hee-Don Choi, Jong-Dae Park, Jung-Min Sung, Ki-Hong Jeon, Hyun-Dong Paik, Young-Boong Kim
The effects of replacing pork meat with yellow mealworms on the physicochemical properties and sensory characteristics of frankfurters were investigated in this study. The control (50% pork ham), T1 (45% pork ham + 5% yellow mealworm), T2 (40% pork ham + 10% yellow mealworm), T3 (35% pork ham + 15% yellow mealworm), T4 (30% pork ham + 20% yellow mealworm), T5 (25% pork ham + 25% yellow mealworm), and T6 (20% pork ham + 30% yellow mealworm) were prepared, replacing lean pork meat with yellow mealworm. The moisture content, lightness, sarcoplasmic protein solubility, hardness, gumminess, chewiness, and apparent viscosity of frankfurters with yellow mealworm were lower than those of the control (p<0...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144156/upmc-prescription-for-wellness-a-quality-improvement-case-study-for-supporting-patient-engagement-and-health-behavior-change
#4
Rebecca J Maners, Eric Bakow, Michael D Parkinson, Gary S Fischer, Geoffrey R Camp
Addressing patient health and care behaviors that underlie much of chronic disease continues to challenge providers, medical practices, health systems, and insurers. Improving health and care as described by the Quadruple Aim requires innovation at the front lines of clinical care: the doctor-patient interaction and office practice. This article describes the use of Lean Six Sigma in a quality improvement (QI) effort to design an effective and scalable method for physicians to prescribe health coaching for healthy behaviors in a primary care medical home within a large integrated delivery and financing system...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140299/pdgfr%C3%AE-regulated-by-mir-34a-and-foxo1-promotes-adipogenesis-in-porcine-intramuscular-preadipocytes-through-erk-signaling-pathway
#5
Yun-Mei Sun, Jin Qin, Shu-Ge Liu, Rui Cai, Xiao-Chang Chen, Xiang-Ming Wang, Wei-Jun Pang
Suitable intramuscular fat (IMF) content improves porcine meat quality. The vital genes regulating IMF deposition are necessary for the selection and breeding of an IMF trait. However, the effect and mechanism of PDGFRα on IMF deposition are still unclear. Here, PDGFRα is moderately expressed in porcine longissimus dorsi muscle (LD), whereas it highly expressed in white adipose tissue (WAT). Moreover, PDGFRα-positive cells were located in the gaps of LD fibers which there were IMF adipocytes. Compared with 180-day-old and lean-type pigs, the levels of PDGFRα were much higher in one-day-old and fat-type pigs...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137022/the-effect-of-whole-body-vibration-training-on-lean-mass-a-prisma-compliant-meta-analysis
#6
Hengting Chen, Jianxiong Ma, Bin Lu, Xin-Long Ma
BACKGROUND: Whole-body vibration training (WBVT) confers a continuous vibration stimuli to the body. Although some reports have discussed the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) on bone mineral density and muscle strength, study of WBV effects on lean mass have not been determined. The purpose of the present meta-analysis was to evaluate published, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated the effects of WBVT on lean mass. METHODS: We identified only RCTs by searching databases, including Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and the Cochrane Library from inception to March 2017...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136390/assurance-of-myeloid-growth-factor-administration-in-an-infusion-center-pilot-quality-improvement-initiative
#7
Pamela Maree Ramirez, Barry Peterson, Christine Holtshopple, Kristina Borja, Vincent Torres, Lucille Valdivia-Peppers, Julio Harriague, Melanie D Joe
PURPOSE: Four incident reports involving missed doses of myeloid growth factors (MGFs) triggered the need for an outcome-driven initiative. From March 1, 2015, to February 29, 2016, at University of California Irvine Health Chao Infusion Center, 116 of 3,300 MGF doses were missed (3.52%), including pegfilgrastim, filgrastim, and sargramostim. We hypothesized that with the application of Lean Six Sigma methodology, we would achieve our primary objective of reducing the number of missed MGF doses to < 0...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136150/using-value-stream-mapping-to-improve-quality-of-care-in-low-resource-facility-settings
#8
Rohit Ramaswamy, Claire Rothschild, Funmi Alabi, Eric Wachira, Faith Muigai, Nick Pearson
Quality problem or issue: Jacaranda Health (JH) is a Kenya-based organization that attempts to provide affordable, high-quality maternal and newborn healthcare through a chain of private health facilities in Nairobi. Initial assessment: JH needed to adopted quality improvement as an organization-wide strategy to optimize effectiveness and efficiency. Choice of solution: Value Stream Mapping, a Lean Management tool, was used to engage staff in prioritizing opportunities to improve clinical outcomes and patient-centered quality of care...
November 9, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115768/lean-thinking-in-emergency-departments-concepts-and-tools-for-quality-improvement
#9
Frances Bruno
The lean approach is a viable framework for reducing costs and enhancing the quality of patient care in emergency departments (EDs). Reports on lean-inspired quality improvement initiatives are rapidly growing but there is little emphasis on the philosophy behind the processes, which is the essential ingredient in sustaining transformation. This article describes lean philosophy, also referred to as lean, lean thinking and lean healthcare, and its main concepts, to enrich the knowledge and vocabulary of nurses involved or interested in quality improvement in EDs...
October 12, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098756/reducing-the-risk-of-healthcare-associated-infections-through-lean-six-sigma-the-case-of-the-medicine-areas-at-the-federico-ii-university-hospital-in-naples-italy
#10
Giovanni Improta, Mario Cesarelli, Paolo Montuori, Liberatina Carmela Santillo, Maria Triassi
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Lean Six Sigma (LSS) has been recognized as an effective management tool for improving healthcare performance. Here, LSS was adopted to reduce the risk of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), a critical quality parameter in the healthcare sector. METHODS: Lean Six Sigma was applied to the areas of clinical medicine (including general medicine, pulmonology, oncology, nephrology, cardiology, neurology, gastroenterology, rheumatology, and diabetology), and data regarding HAIs were collected for 28,000 patients hospitalized between January 2011 and December 2016...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096547/body-composition-and-its-association-with-physical-performance-quality-of-life-and-clinical-indictors-in-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-a-pilot-study
#11
Daniel Hackett, Daniel Roberts-Clarke, Nidhi Jain, Yorgi Mavros, Guy C Wilson, Mark Halaki, Joshua Burns, Garth Nicholson, Maria Fiatarone Singh, Che Fornusek
AIM: To investigate whether the amount and distribution of lean body mass and fat mass is associated with disease severity in adults with Charcot-Marie Tooth. METHODS: Ten participants (age 46 ± 13 y, height 1.7 ± 0.1 m, and body mass 77 ± 17 kg) with Charcot-Marie Tooth disease were involved in this study. Participants were evaluated for quality of life, falls efficacy, balance, mobility, muscle strength, and power. Body composition was measured using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry...
November 2, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094215/insulin-resistance-and-glycine-metabolism-in-humans
#12
REVIEW
M Adeva-Andany, G Souto-Adeva, E Ameneiros-Rodríguez, C Fernández-Fernández, C Donapetry-García, A Domínguez-Montero
Plasma glycine level is low in patients with obesity or diabetes and the improvement of insulin resistance increases plasma glycine concentration. In prospective studies, hypoglycinemia at baseline predicts the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and higher serum glycine level is associated with decreased risk of incident type 2 diabetes. Consistently, plasma glycine concentration is lower in the lean offspring of parents with type 2 diabetes compared to healthy subjects. Among patients with type 2 diabetes, hypoglycinemia occurs before clinical manifestations of the disease, but the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying glycine deficit and its potential clinical repercussions are unclear...
November 1, 2017: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083464/initiating-exercise-interventions-to-promote-wellness-in-cancer-patients-and-survivors
#13
REVIEW
Anna L Schwartz, Hendrik Dirk de Heer, Jennifer W Bea
Exercise is associated with significant reductions in the recurrence and mortality rates of several common cancers. Cancer survivors who exercise can potentially benefit from reduced levels of fatigue, and improved quality of life, physical function, and body composition (ie, healthier ratios of lean body mass to fat mass). The amount of activity required to achieve protective effects is moderate (eg, walking 30 minutes per day at 2.5 miles per hour). However, many healthcare providers report a lack of awareness of the appropriate exercise recommendations across the phases of cancer survivorship, considerations regarding the timing of exercise interventions, and the ability to refer patients to exercise programs specifically aimed at cancer survivors...
October 15, 2017: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081501/the-effects-of-muscle-mass-and-muscle-quality-on-cardio-metabolic-risk-in-peripubertal-girls-a-longitudinal-study-from-childhood-to-early-adulthood
#14
S Cheng, P Wiklund
BACKGROUND: Increased cardio-metabolic risk is well documented in children and adolescents with obesity and normal weight obesity. However, the associations of muscle mass and muscle quality with cardio-metabolic risk, independent of weight status from childhood to adulthood, has not been examined. METHODS: 236 girls were followed from pre-puberty to early adulthood. Fat mass and lean mass of the whole body were assessed by a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; muscle cross-sectional area, muscle density (skeletal muscle fat content) of the lower leg by the peripheral quantitative computerized tomography (pQCT) and blood glucose, insulin, triglycerides and HDL cholesterol by enzymatic photometric methods...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081311/nutrient-density-addressing-the-challenge-of-obesity
#15
Adam Drewnowski
Obesity rates are increasing worldwide. Potential reasons include excessive consumption of sugary beverages and energy-dense foods instead of more nutrient-rich options. On a per kJ basis, energy-dense grains, added sugars and fats cost less, whereas lean meats, seafood, leafy greens and whole fruit generally cost more. Given that consumer food choices are often driven by price, the observed social inequities in diet quality and health can be explained, in part, by nutrition economics. Achieving a nutrient-rich diet at an affordable cost has become progressively more difficult within the constraints of global food supply...
October 30, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080065/effects-of-respiratory-muscle-training-rmt-in-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-obstructive-sleep-apnea-osa
#16
Simon Dominik Herkenrath, Marcel Treml, Christina Priegnitz, Wolfgang Galetke, Winfried J Randerath
PURPOSE: Different forms of training focusing on the muscles of the upper airways showed limited effects on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and/or snoring. We investigated the effect of generalized respiratory muscle training (RMT) in lean patients with mild to moderate OSA. METHODS: Nine male subjects (52.0 ± 10.8 years, BMI 29.1 ± 2.1 kg/m(2)) with obstructive sleep apnea (apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) 9-29) participated in an open, single-arm pilot study. After a 1-week build-up phase, patients underwent 4 weeks of normocapnic hyperpnea RMT five times a week for 30 min each...
October 28, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079389/moving-beyond-conventional-clinical-trial-end-points-in-treatment-refractory-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-a-composite-quality-of-life-and-symptom-control-end-point
#17
REVIEW
Jun Gong, Daniel Wu, Jeremy Chuang, Richard Tuli, John Simard, Andrew Hendifar
PURPOSE: This review highlights the evidence supporting symptom control and quality-of-life (QOL) measures as predictors of survival in treatment-refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) and describes a composite symptom control and QOL end point recently reported in a Phase III trial that may serve as a more reasonable end point of efficacy in this population. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE to identify clinical studies (including case series and observational, retrospective, and prospective studies) that reported the predictive value of QOL measures for survival in mCRC...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065946/genetic-selection-on-abdominal-fat-content-alters-the-reproductive-performance-of-broilers
#18
X Y Zhang, M Q Wu, S Z Wang, H Zhang, Z Q Du, Y M Li, Z P Cao, P Luan, L Leng, H Li
The effects of obesity on reproduction have been widely reported in humans and mice. The present study was designed to compare the reproductive performance of lean and fat chicken lines, divergently selected for abdominal fat content. The following parameters were determined and analyzed in the two lines: (1) reproductive traits, including age at first egg and total egg numbers from generations 14 to 18, absolute and relative testicular weights at 7, 14, 25, 30, 45 and 56 weeks of age, semen quality at 30, 45 and 56 weeks of age in generation 18, and fertility and hatchability from generations 14 to 18; (2) reproductive hormones at 7, 14, 25, 30, 45 and 56 weeks of age in generation 18; (3) and the relative mRNA abundance of genes involved in reproduction at 7, 14, 25, 30, 45 and 56 weeks of age in generation 18...
October 25, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058811/consumer-perception-of-retail-pork-bacon-attributes-using-adaptive-choice-based-conjoint-analysis-and-maximum-differential-scaling
#19
K G McLean, D J Hanson, S M Jervis, M A Drake
Bacon is one of the most recognizable consumer pork products and is differentiated by appearance, flavor, thickness, and several possible product claims. The objective of this study was to explore the attributes of retail bacon that influence consumers to purchase and consume bacon. An Adaptive Choice-Based Conjoint (ACBC) survey was designed for attributes of raw American-style bacon. An ACBC survey (N = 1410 consumers) and Kano questioning were applied to determine the key attributes that influenced consumer purchase...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049329/rural-food-security-subsistence-agriculture-and-seasonality
#20
Kibrom T Sibhatu, Matin Qaim
Many of the world's food-insecure and undernourished people are smallholder farmers in developing countries. This is especially true in Africa. There is an urgent need to make smallholder agriculture and food systems more nutrition-sensitive. African farm households are known to consume a sizeable part of what they produce at home. Less is known about how much subsistence agriculture actually contributes to household diets, and how this contribution changes seasonally. We use representative data from rural Ethiopia covering every month of one full year to address this knowledge gap...
2017: PloS One
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