keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Blood wastage

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153350/management-of-mobilization-failure-in-2017
#1
REVIEW
Sinem Namdaroglu, Serdal Korkmaz, Fevzi Altuntas
In contemporary clinical practice, almost all allogeneic transplantations and autologous transplantations now capitalize on peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) as opposed to bone marrow (BM) for the source of stem cells. In this context, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) plays a pivotal role as the most frequently applied frontline agent for stem cell mobilization. For patients classified as high-risk, chemotherapy based mobilization regimens can be preferred as a first choice and it is notable that this also used for remobilization...
November 8, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131870/-low-platelet-usage-haematology-laboratories-to-store-or-not-to-store
#2
M Elmi, B Sirigireddy, J Abukar, D Tchipeva, N Chauhan, D A Tsitsikas
In the UK, hospitals with annual platelet use of less than 500 pools, like our institution, usually do not store platelets on-site and these are only ordered from the national blood service (NBS) when a transfusion is required. In 2016, we piloted routine on-site storage of one pool of A RhD negative PLT. Data were collected retrospectively on units of PLTs ordered from NBS, units transfused to patients, wastage, requirements for emergency deliveries from NBS and overall cost. These were compared to corresponding data from the four preceding years (2012-2015)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078874/14-day-thawed-plasma-retains-clot-enhancing-properties-and-inhibits-tpa-induced-fibrinolysis
#3
Benjamin R Huebner, Ernest E Moore, Hunter B Moore, Raymond Shepherd-Singh, Angela Sauaia, Gregory R Stettler, Geoffrey R Nunns, Christopher C Silliman
BACKGROUND: Plasma-first resuscitation attenuates trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC); however, the logistics of plasma-first resuscitation require thawed plasma (TP) be readily available due to the obligatory thawing time of fresh frozen plasma (FFP). The current standard is storage of TP for up to 5 days at 4°C, based on factor levels at outdate, for use in patients at risk for TIC, but there remains a 2.2% outdated wastage rate. However, the multitude of plasma proteins in attenuating TIC remains unknown...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073058/big-data-modeling-to-predict-platelet-usage-and-minimize-wastage-in-a-tertiary-care-system
#4
Leying Guan, Xiaoying Tian, Saurabh Gombar, Allison J Zemek, Gomathi Krishnan, Robert Scott, Balasubramanian Narasimhan, Robert J Tibshirani, Tho D Pham
Maintaining a robust blood product supply is an essential requirement to guarantee optimal patient care in modern health care systems. However, daily blood product use is difficult to anticipate. Platelet products are the most variable in daily usage, have short shelf lives, and are also the most expensive to produce, test, and store. Due to the combination of absolute need, uncertain daily demand, and short shelf life, platelet products are frequently wasted due to expiration. Our aim is to build and validate a statistical model to forecast future platelet demand and thereby reduce wastage...
October 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988805/prediction-of-massive-blood-transfusion-in-battlefield-trauma-development-and-validation-of-the-military-acute-severe-haemorrhage-mash-score
#5
Jacqueline V Mclennan, Kevin C Mackway-Jones, Jason E Smith
BACKGROUND: The predominant cause of preventable trauma death is bleeding, and many of these patients need resuscitation with massive blood transfusion. In resource-constrained environments, early recognition of such patients can improve planning and reduce wastage of blood products. No existing decision rule is sufficiently reliable to predict those patients requiring massive blood transfusion. This study aims to produce a decision rule for use on arrival at hospital for patients sustaining battlefield trauma...
September 28, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965799/multifactorial-risk-index-for-prediction-of-intraoperative-blood-transfusion-in-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#6
Eitezaz Mahmood, Robina Matyal, Ariel Mueller, Feroze Mahmood, Avery Tung, Mario Montealegre-Gallegos, Marc Schermerhorn, Sajid Shahul
BACKGROUND: In some institutions, the current blood ordering practice does not discriminate minimally invasive endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) from open procedures, with consequent increasing costs and likelihood of blood product wastage for EVARs. This limitation in practice can possibly be addressed with the development of a reliable prediction model for transfusion risk in EVAR patients. We used the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database to create a model for prediction of intraoperative blood transfusion occurrence in patients undergoing EVAR...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940216/zeroing-in-on-red-blood-cell-unit-expiry
#7
Fathima Ayyalil, Greg Irwin, Bryony Ross, Michael Manolis, Anoop K Enjeti
BACKGROUND: Expiry of red blood cell (RBC) units is a significant contributor to wastage of precious voluntary donations. Effective strategies aimed at optimal resource utilization are required to minimize wastage. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed the strategic measures implemented to reduce expiry of RBC units in an Australian tertiary regional hospital. The measures, which included inventory rearrangement, effective stock rotation, and the number of emergency courier services required during a 24-month period, were evaluated...
September 20, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898986/building-a-new-transfusion-service
#8
John R Hess, Brenda K Hayden, Virginia G Cruz-Cody, Max J Louzon, Erin E Tuott, Nina E Sen, Roxann Gary, Patrick J Ramos, Jennifer A Daniel-Johnson, Ryan A Metcalf, Monica B Pagano
Objectives: For over 60 years, Harborview Medical Center (HMC) in Seattle has received its blood components and pretransfusion testing from a centralized transfusion service operated by the regional blood supplier. In 2011, a hospital-based transfusion service (HBTS) was activated. Methods: After 5 years of operation, we evaluated the effects of the HBTS by reviewing records of hospital blood use, quality system events, blood product delivery times, and costs. Furthermore, the effects of in-house expertise on laboratory medicine resident and medical laboratory scientist student training, as well as regulatory and accrediting agency concerns, were reviewed...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880366/determining-the-inventory-impact-of-extended-shelf-life-platelets-with-a-network-simulation-model
#9
John T Blake
BACKGROUND: The regulatory shelf life for platelets (PLTs) in many jurisdictions is 5 days. PLT shelf life can be extended to 7 days with an enhanced bacterial detection algorithm. Enhanced testing, however, comes at a cost, which may be offset by reductions in wastage due to longer shelf life. This article describes a method for estimating systemwide reductions in PLT outdates after PLT shelf life is extended. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A simulation was used to evaluate the impact of an extended PLT shelf life within a national blood network...
September 6, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831232/effect-of-paddy-straw-plus-nonforage-fiber-sources-based-complete-rations-with-different-levels-of-neutral-detergent-fiber-on-hemato-biochemical-and-mineral-profile-of-lactating-dairy-cows
#10
Biju Chacko, K M Syam Mohan, K Ally, K Shyama, K S Anil, C T Sathian
AIM: This study was conducted to assess the effect of feeding paddy straw plus nonforage fiber sources based complete rations with different levels of neutral detergent fiber (NDF) on hemato-biochemical and mineral parameters of lactating dairy cows. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted for 6 months in 18 lactating dairy cows, divided into three groups of six each, by feeding them on paddy straw plus nonforage fiber sources based complete rations containing different levels of NDF, in two phases of 3 months (90 days) each, being the early and mid lactation phases, respectively...
July 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703889/implementation-of-a-new-blood-cooler-insert-and-tracking-technology-with-educational-initiatives-and-its-effect-on-reducing-red-blood-cell-wastage
#11
Emmanuel A Fadeyi, Wanda Emery, Julie H Simmons, Mary Rose Jones, Gregory J Pomper
BACKGROUND: The objective was to report a successful implementation of a blood cooler insert and tracking technology with educational initiatives and its effect on reducing red blood cell (RBC) wastage. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The blood bank database was used to quantify and categorize total RBC units issued in blood coolers from January 2010 to December 2015 with and without the new inserts throughout the hospital. Radiofrequency identification tags were used with special software to monitor blood cooler tracking...
October 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661077/blood-wastage-management-in-a-regional-blood-transfusion-centre
#12
H Javadzadeh Shahshahani, N Taghvai
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the rate of blood component wastage before and after interventions at Yazd Blood Transfusion Center. BACKGROUND: The growing need for blood components along with blood safety issues and rising costs constantly pressurise blood centres to improve their efficiency. Reducing the quantity of discarded blood at all stages of the supply chain can decrease the total costs. METHODS: Data on discarded blood components were extracted from the database of Yazd Blood Transfusion Center...
October 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367018/blood-transfusion-practices-in-a-tertiary-care-center-in-northern-india
#13
Sonam Kumari
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion plays vital roles in the medical and surgical practice. To achieve optimum use of blood, transfusion has to be appropriate and judicious consuming minimal resources and manpower. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pattern of blood transfusion requests and utilization with the aim of determining transfusion practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood request forms and cross-match worksheets at the blood bank were analyzed over a 6-month period...
April 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281428/a-review-of-blood-transfusions-in-a-trauma-unit-for-young-children
#14
M Salverda, N Ketharanathan, M Van Dijk, E Beltchev, H Buys, A Numanoglu, A B Van As
BACKGROUND: Trauma is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Blood transfusions play an incremental role in the acute phase, yet practice varies owing to variations in transfusion thresholds and concerns about potential complications, especially in children. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate protocol adherence to blood transfusion thresholds in paediatric trauma patients and determine the degree of blood product wastage, as defined by discarded units. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive study of trauma patients (age 0 - 13 years) who received a blood transfusion in the trauma unit at Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa, over a 5...
February 27, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266246/maximum-surgical-blood-order-schedule-for-pancreatoduodenectomy-a-long-way-from-uniform-applicability
#15
Savio G Barreto, Amanjeet Singh, Azhar Perwaiz, Tanveer Singh, Manish Kumar Singh, Adarsh Chaudhary
BACKGROUND: Unnecessary preoperative ordering of blood and blood products results in wastage of a valuable life-saving resource and poses a significant financial burden on healthcare systems. AIM: To determine patient-specific factors associated with intra-operative transfusions, and if intra-operative blood transfusions impact postoperative morbidity. PATIENTS & METHODS: Analysis of consecutive patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) for pancreatic tumors...
April 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214180/a-successful-experience-of-the-iranian-blood-transfusion-organization-in-improving-accessibility-and-affordability-of-plasma-derived-medicine
#16
REVIEW
Azita Chegini, Seyed Ardeshir Torab, Ali Akbar Pourfatollah
Plasma is the liquid part of blood. It is estimated 21.6 million liters of plasma collect from Whole blood annually. From these plasma, 4.2 million liters transfuse, 8.1 million liters fractionate, 9.3 million liters waste. Nowadays, blood products and PDM (plasma derived medicine) consider as essential medicine in modern health care and transfusion medicine. Iranian blood transfusion organization as a non-profit organization was established in 1974 in order to centralize all blood transfusion activities from donor recruitment to distribution of blood components to hospitals...
February 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111924/awareness-of-cord-blood-collection-and-the-impact-on-banking
#17
Rusha Bhandari, Amy Lindley, Deepika Bhatla, Aleksandar Babic, Kathy Mueckl, Rakesh Rao, Paula Brooks, Vicki Geiler, Gilad Gross, Mohamad Al-Hosni, Shalini Shenoy
BACKGROUND: Umbilical cord blood (UCB) is an important source of hematopoietic stem cells for transplantation especially in minority populations with limited chances of finding a histocompatible volunteer donor in the registry. UCB has the advantages of early availability, successful outcomes despite some histocompatibility mismatch, and low incidence of chronic graft-versus-host disease. Public cord blood banks that disseminate UCB products for transplant depend on voluntary donation at participating hospitals and obstetrical providers for collection...
July 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100266/arranging-blood-for-elective-thyroid-surgeries-dilemma-continues-in-the-developing-world
#18
Salman Faridi, Aman Ahmad, Mirza Arshad Beg, Faisal Siddiqui, Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi, Mehmood Khan
BACKGROUND: Cross matched blood is frequently ordered based on a subjective anticipation of blood loss for a procedure. Excessive blood arrangement and wastage overburdens the blood bank in terms of work load and storage of blood, increases cost of medical care and results in injudicious use of a limited resource. The aim of this short report is to assess the current practice for arranging cross matched blood in elective thyroid surgeries by comparing cross match to blood transfused ratio...
January 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003931/stability-of-thawed-apheresis-fresh-frozen-plasma-stored-for-up-to-120-hours-at-1%C3%A2-c-to-6%C3%A2-c
#19
William P Sheffield, Varsha Bhakta, Qi-Long Yi, Craig Jenkins
Regulations concerning the storage of transfusable plasma differ internationally. In Canada, plasma obtained from whole blood donations and frozen within 24 hours of phlebotomy (frozen plasma, FP) may be thawed and transfused within 120 hours of refrigerated storage. However, plasma frozen within 8 hours of phlebotomy following apheresis donation (FFPA) must be transfused within 24 hours of thawing and refrigeration. Our objectives were to measure coagulation factors (F) V, VII, and VIII, fibrinogen activities, and the prothrombin time (PT) in thawed refrigerated FFPA at 0, 24, and 120 hours of storage and to compare these values to those in thawed refrigerated FP...
2016: Journal of Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892437/blood-requisition-and-utilization-practice-in-surgical-patients-in-a-teaching-hospital-western-nepal
#20
O B Karki
Background In surgical patients transfusion of blood is often a life-saving measure. Preoperative over-ordering of blood is very common and leads to holding up of the blood bank reserve and wastage of resources. Objective The main objective of this study was to evaluate the practice of cross-match and utilization of blood for general surgeries in a teaching hospital of Nepal, to identify the surgical procedures where type and screen can be introduced and to formulate a maximum surgical blood-order schedule for those procedures where a complete cross-match appears mandatory...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
keyword
keyword
79222
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"