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Corneal crosslinking

Natasha Kishore Pahuja, Rohit Shetty, Abhijit Sinha Roy, Maithil Mukesh Thakkar, Chaitra Jayadev, Rudy Mma Nuijts, Harsha Nagaraja
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of corneal laser ablation with Q factor modification for vision correction in patients with progressive keratoconus. METHODS: In this prospective study, 50 eyes of 50 patients were divided into two groups based on Q factor (>-1 in Group I and ≤-1 in Group II). All patients underwent a detailed ophthalmic examination including uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), subjective acceptance and corneal topography using the Pentacam...
October 21, 2016: Current Eye Research
Vipuil Kishore, Ranjani Iyer, Athela Frandsen, Thuy-Uyen Nguyen
Loss of vision due to corneal disease is a significant problem worldwide. Transplantation of donor corneas is a viable treatment option but limitations such as short supply and immune-related complications call for alternative options for the treatment of corneal disease. A tissue engineering-based approach using a collagen scaffold is a promising alternative to develop a bioengineered cornea that mimics the functionality of native cornea. In this study, an electrochemical compaction method was employed to synthesize highly dense and transparent collagen matrices...
October 6, 2016: Biomedical Materials
Muhammad Saim Khan, Imran Basit, Mazhar Ishaq, Tariq Shakoor, Amer Yaqub, Rana Intisar
OBJECTIVE: To determine mean change in visual acuity, central corneal thickness and symptoms in patients with pseudophakic bullous keratopathy after treatment with corneal collagen crosslinking. METHODS: This quasi experimental study was conducted at Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan from April 2015 to Nov 2015. A total of 24 eyes of 24 patients were included in the study. Visual symptoms were graded in five grades (Grade 1-5), Grade-1 being very mild with decreased vision only while patients with all five symptoms (decreased vision, foreign body sensations, pain, watering and photophobia) were graded as Grade-5...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Patrícia A Bersanetti, Tatiane L N Bueno, Andreia de A Morandim-Giannetti, Regina F Nogueira, Jivaldo R Matos, Paulo Schor
PURPOSE: In this study, we characterized rabbit corneas subjected to corneal cross-linking (CXL) with açaí extract compared with a riboflavin photo-stimulated procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The corneas of the slaughterhouse rabbits were divided into three groups: control, consisting of untreated corneal samples; riboflavin/UVA, where corneas were treated with 0.1% riboflavin photo-stimulated at 365 nm as the standard protocol; and açaí, where the samples were subjected to 4% açaí extract for 0...
September 9, 2016: Current Eye Research
Preeti Upadhayay, Manish Kumar, Kamla Pathak
In order to achieve prolong corneal contact time of norfloxacin (NFX) for treatment of extra ocular diseases, a pH triggered nanoparticulate in-situ gelling system was designed to explore dual advantage of nanoparticles and in-situ gelling system, for its ocular delivery. NFX loaded nanocarriers were developed by ionotropic gelation technique using chitosan as a matrix forming polymer, cross-linked by an anionic crosslinker sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP). Optimization of nanoformulations was done by 3(2) full factorial design using chitosan and TPP concentration(s) as the independent variables and particle size, % entrapment efficiency and % cumulative drug release as the responses...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Xiao Zhang, Xiang-Chen Tao, Zhi-Wei Li, Wei-Yan Zhou, Ping Ma, Chun-Xiao Zhang, Yu-Meng Wang, Guo-Ying Mu
The present study reports the use of a phakic toric Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) that improved the refraction correction of high myopia and astigmatism in a case of keratectasia following corneal cross-linking. A 31-year-old male was diagnosed with keratectasia 12 years after laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Following LASIK, the manifest refraction was -3.50-2.25×90 [0.1 logarithmic expression (LogMAR) best corrected visual acuity (BVCA)] in the right eye and -8.00-3.50×175 (0.3 LogMAR BCVA) in the left eye, with a LogMAR uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) of 0...
September 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Alex L K Ng, Peter S K Kwok, Ricky T K Wu, Vishal Jhanji, Victor C P Woo, Tommy C Y Chan
PURPOSE: To compare the demarcation line depth after 2 different protocols of simultaneous laser in situ keratomileusis and collagen crosslinking (LASIK Xtra). METHODS: Twenty-three patients receiving bilateral LASIK Xtra were included in this comparative interventional study. The corneal stroma was soaked with 0.22% riboflavin for 90 seconds before flap repositioning. One eye was then randomized to receive either 18 mW/cm of ultraviolet A irradiation for 120 seconds or for 180 seconds, whereas the fellow eye received the other irradiation duration...
August 31, 2016: Cornea
Manmohan Singh, Jiasong Li, Srilatha Vantipalli, Shang Wang, Zhaolong Han, Achuth Nair, Salavat R Aglyamov, Michael D Twa, Kirill V Larin
The mechanical properties of tissues can provide valuable information about tissue integrity and health and can assist in detecting and monitoring the progression of diseases such as keratoconus. Optical coherence elastography (OCE) is a rapidly emerging technique, which can assess localized mechanical contrast in tissues with micrometer spatial resolution. In this work we present a noncontact method of optical coherence elastography to evaluate the changes in the mechanical properties of the cornea after UV-induced collagen cross-linking...
May 2016: IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
Hyounkoo Han, Sohee Son, Sejin Son, Namho Kim, Ji Young Yhee, Jae Hyeop Lee, Jun-Sub Choi, Choun-Ki Joo, Hohyeon Lee, Duhwan Lee, Won Jong Kim, Sun Hwa Kim, Ick Chan Kwon, Hyuncheol Kim, Kwangmeyung Kim
The aim of this study is to establish the safe and effective ocular delivery system of therapeutic small interfering RNA (siRNA) in corneal neovascularization therapy. The major hurdle present in siRNA-based corneal neovascularization (CNV) therapy is severe cytotoxicity caused by repetitive drug treatment. A reducible branched polyethylenimine (rBPEI)-based nanoparticle (NP) system is utilized as a new siRNA carrier as a hope for CNV therapy. The thiolated BPEI is readily self-crosslinked in mild conditions to make high molecular weight rBPEI thus allowing the creation of stable siRNA/rBPEI nanoparticles (siRNA-rBPEI-NPs)...
August 9, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Marcel Y Avila, Mauricio Narvaez, Juan P Castañeda
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of genipin, a natural crosslinking agent, in rabbit eyes. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Universidad Nacional de Colombia Centro de Tecnologia Oftalmica, Bogotá, Colombia. DESIGN: Experimental study. METHODS: Ex vivo rabbit eyes (16; 8 rabbits) were treated with genipin 1.00%, 0.50%, and 0.25% for 5 minutes with a vacuum device to increase corneal permeability. Penetration was evaluated using Scheimpflug pachymetry (Pentacam)...
July 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Bia Z Kim, Charlotte A Jordan, Charles N J McGhee, Dipika V Patel
PURPOSE: To analyze corneal haze after corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) for progressive keratoconus using Scheimpflug densitometry. SETTING: Auckland District Health Board, Auckland, New Zealand. DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled study. METHODS: Both eyes of all patients were examined preoperatively and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. One eye of each patient was treated with corneal CXL, with the contralateral eye serving as the control...
July 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Robert P L Wisse, Stijn Gadiot, Nienke Soeters, Daniel A Godefrooij, Saskia M Imhof, Allegonda van der Lelij
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) in progressive keratoconus patients on higher-order aberrations (HOAs) and the effect of change in HOAs on visual acuity between baseline and 1 year after CXL. SETTING: Tertiary academic referral center, Utrecht, the Netherlands. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: This study included consecutive keratoconus patients who were treated with epithelium-off CXL and followed for a minimum of 1 year...
July 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Joyce L Covre, Priscila C Cristovam, Renata R Loureiro, Rossen M Hazarbassanov, Mauro Campos, Élcio H Sato, José Álvaro P Gomes
PURPOSE: To culture quiescent human keratocytes and evaluate the effects of ultraviolet light and riboflavin on human corneal keratocytes in vitro. METHODS: Keratocytes were obtained from remaining corneoscleral ring donor corneas previously used in corneal transplant surgeries and cultured in DMEM/F12 with 2% FBS until confluence. Characterization of cultured cells was performed by immunofluorescence analysis for anti-cytokeratin-3, anti-Thy-1, anti-α-smooth muscle actin, and anti-lumican...
May 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Refik Oltulu, Gunhal Satirtav, Meryem Donbaloglu, Mehmet Kemal Gunduz, Hurkan Kerimoglu, Mehmet Okka, Ahmet Ozkagnici, Adnan Karaibrahimoglu
PURPOSE: To analyze the short-term clinical and topographic outcomes in patients with keratoconus after corneal collagen cross-linking treatment (CXL) with dextran-free isotonic riboflavin solution. METHODS: In this retrospective case series, 26 eyes from 26 patients with keratoconus were studied. The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and refractive and topographic findings were analyzed at a 6-month follow-up. RESULTS: The mean BCVA (Snellen lines) values before and 1, 3, and 6 months after CXL were 0...
May 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Döndü Melek Ulusoy, Emre Göktaş, Necati Duru, Ayşe Özköse, Mustafa Ataş, İsa Yuvacı, Hasan Basri Arifoğlu, Gökmen Zararsız
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of accelerated corneal crosslinking (CXL) in patients with progressive keratoconus aged 18 years or less. METHODS: A total of 28 eyes from 19 patients with progressive keratoconus aged 18 years or less were enrolled. We divided participants into 2 groups according to corneal thickness (CT). Group 1 included 13 eyes of 8 patients with CT ≥450 µm; group 2 included 15 eyes of 11 patients with CT <450 µm. Each participant underwent accelerated CXL using 10-minute ultraviolet A irradiance at 9 mW/cm2 for a total energy dose of 5...
July 20, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Nihat Polat, Abuzer Gunduz, Ayten Gunduz, Tongabay Cumurcu, Göksel Gunduz
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) on conjunctival flora. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Included in this study were 42 patients, all of whom were treated with CXL for progressive keratoconus (KC). Conjunctival swab samples were collected under operating-room conditions immediately before and immediately after the procedure. Samples were quickly immersed in Amies Transport Medium (ATM), transferred to the microbiology laboratory, diluted, and inoculated into three areas each of blood agar, chocolate agar, eosin methylene blue (EMB) agar, and Saboraud-Dextrose agar plates...
July 15, 2016: Current Eye Research
Sloan W Rush, Ryan B Rush
AIM: To compare the outcomes of corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) for the treatment of progressive corneal ectasia using a standard epithelium-off technique versus a transepithelial technique with enhanced riboflavin solution. METHODS: One hundred and forty-four eyes with progressive corneal ectasia were prospectively randomised into a transepithelial CXL study arm or an epithelium-off CXL control arm. Follow-up examinations were set at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months...
July 7, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Hong Zhu, Clemens Alt, Robert H Webb, Samir Melki, Irene E Kochevar
PURPOSE: To evaluate crosslinking of cornea in vivo using green light activation of Rose Bengal (RGX) and assess potential damaging effects of the green light on retina and iris. METHODS: Corneas of Dutch belted rabbits were de-epithelialized, then stained with Rose Bengal and exposed to green light, or not further treated. Corneal stiffness was measured by uniaxial tensiometry. Re-epithelialization was assessed by fluorescein fluorescence. Keratocytes were counted on hematoxylin and eosin (H&E)-stained sections, and iris cell damage was assessed by lactate dehydrogenase staining...
September 2016: Cornea
S J Lang, T Reinhard
Keratoconus leads to progressive thinning and protrusion of the cornea. Young patients exhibit the highest risk for progression. Corneal crosslinking was introduced in 1998 and is intended to prevent progression of keratoconus. Only a few prospective controlled trials have been published. Six randomised controlled trials have been published. All these trials confirmed the efficacy of crosslinking through keratometric data. In two trials, progression was reported in some patients of the treatment group. This indicates that not all patients benefit from corneal crosslinking...
June 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
C J Rapuano
Iatrogenic corneal ectasia is a rare but devastating complication after refractive surgery. While its incidence appears to be declining, it has not been eliminated. Its cause is probably related to a combination of an intrinsic predisposition to ectasia and an additional anatomical destabilising effect from the refractive surgery. Determining which eyes are intrinsically "weak" and exactly how much additional "weakening" an eye can withstand before developing progressive thinning and protrusion are both difficult tasks...
June 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
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