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Diet and sport

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330002/choosing-a-healthy-and-sustainable-diet-a-three-level-approach-for-understanding-the-drivers-of-the-italians-dietary-regime-over-time
#1
Ilaria Benedetti, Tiziana Laureti, Luca Secondi
Dietary patterns play key roles in health promotion and in preserving the environment. A growing number of studies show the importance of individual factors on food consumption choices, such as socio-economic status, lifestyle variables and contextual and social factors that characterize the geographical area in which individuals reside. The Mediterranean Diet is a sustainable diet that respects the environment, thus reducing per capita emissions from food production in respect to less sustainable diet. The aim of this paper is to determine the Italians' prevailing food patterns using a composite indicator and to identify which factors determine a higher adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Italy...
January 9, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322617/preview-prevention-of-diabetes-through-lifestyle-intervention-in-a-multicentre-study-in-europe-in-children-10-17y-design-methods-and-baseline-results
#2
Elke Dorenbos, Mathijs Drummen, Jesse Rijks, Tanja Adam, Pauline Stouthart, J Alfredo Martínez, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Gareth Stratton, Nils Swindell, Mikael Fogelholm, Anne Raben, Margriet Westerterp-Plantenga, Anita Vreugdenhil
Insulin resistance (IR) in adolescence is associated with T2DM. The PREVIEW study assesses the effectiveness of a high-protein, low-glycaemic index diet and moderate-protein, moderate-glycaemic index diet to decrease IR in insulin resistant children with overweight/obesity. Inclusion criteria were age 10-17y, HOMA-IR≥2.0 and overweight/obesity. In 126 children (13.6±2.2y, BMI z-score 3.04±0.66, HOMA-IR 3.48±2.28) anthropometrics, fat mass percentage (FM%), metabolic parameters, physical activity, food intake and sleep were measured...
January 11, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321862/assessing-the-utility-of-metabarcoding-for-diet-analyses-of-the-omnivorous-wild-pig-sus-scrofa
#3
Michael S Robeson, Kamil Khanipov, George Golovko, Samantha M Wisely, Michael D White, Michael Bodenchuck, Timothy J Smyser, Yuriy Fofanov, Noah Fierer, Antoinette J Piaggio
Wild pigs (Sus scrofa) are an invasive species descended from both domestic swine and Eurasian wild boar that was introduced to North America during the early 1500s. Wild pigs have since become the most abundant free-ranging exotic ungulate in the United States. Large and ever-increasing populations of wild pigs negatively impact agriculture, sport hunting, and native ecosystems with costs estimated to exceed $1.5 billion/year within the United States. Wild pigs are recognized as generalist feeders, able to exploit a broad array of locally available food resources, yet their feeding behaviors remain poorly understood as partially digested material is often unidentifiable through traditional stomach content analyses...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283792/weight-loss-strategies-in-combat-sports-and-concerning-habits-in-mixed-martial-arts
#4
Oliver R Barley, Dale W Chapman, Chris R Abbiss
PURPOSE: Combat sports are typically divided into weight classes and body mass manipulation to reach a weight class is commonplace. Previous research suggests that mixed martial arts (MMA) weight loss practices may be more extreme than other combat sports. We sought to investigate the magnitude of weight lost and prevalence of weight loss strategies in different combat sports. METHODS: Competitors (n=637) from Brazilian jiu jitsu (BJJ), boxing, judo, MMA, muay Thai/kickboxing (MT/K), taekwondo (TKD) and wrestling completed an online questionnaire seeking information regarding their weight loss practices...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227353/epidemiology-of-osteoarthritis-literature-update
#5
Ernest R Vina, C Kent Kwoh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to highlight recent studies of osteoarthritis epidemiology, including research on prevalence, disease impact, and potential risk factors. RECENT FINDINGS: Osteoarthritis is highly prevalent in the United States and around the globe. It is a leading cause of disability and can negatively impact people's physical and mental well being. Healthcare resources and costs associated with managing the disease can be substantial...
December 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207495/validity-of-dietary-assessment-in-athletes-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Louise Capling, Kathryn L Beck, Janelle A Gifford, Gary Slater, Victoria M Flood, Helen O'Connor
Dietary assessment methods that are recognized as appropriate for the general population are usually applied in a similar manner to athletes, despite the knowledge that sport-specific factors can complicate assessment and impact accuracy in unique ways. As dietary assessment methods are used extensively within the field of sports nutrition, there is concern the validity of methodologies have not undergone more rigorous evaluation in this unique population sub-group. The purpose of this systematic review was to compare two or more methods of dietary assessment, including dietary intake measured against biomarkers or reference measures of energy expenditure, in athletes...
December 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184164/correlates-of-compliance-with-recommended-levels-of-physical-activity-in-children
#7
Thayse Natacha Gomes, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Donald Hedeker, Mikael Fogelholm, Martyn Standage, Vincent Onywera, Estelle V Lambert, Mark S Tremblay, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Olga Sarmiento, Victor Matsudo, Anura Kurpad, Rebecca Kuriyan, Pei Zhao, Gang Hu, Timothy Olds, Carol Maher, José Maia
The purpose of this study was to describe children's daily compliance with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) recommendations across a week in different parts of the world, and to identify individual- and school-level correlates that may explain differences in daily MVPA compliance. The sample included 6553 children aged 9-11 years from 12 countries, and multilevel statistical analyses were used, including both child- and school-level variables. Most children did not comply with the MVPA guidelines on a daily basis: Chinese children complied the least, whereas Finnish, Australian, Colombian, UK, and Kenyan children complied the most...
November 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182412/the-effect-of-water-loading-on-acute-weight-loss-following-fluid-restriction-in-combat-sports-athletes
#8
Reid Reale, Gary Slater, Ian C Dunican, Gregory R Cox, Louise M Burke
Novel methods of acute weight loss practiced by combat sport athletes include 'water loading’; the consumption of large fluid volumes for several days prior to restriction. We examined claims this technique increases total body water losses, while also assessing the risk of hyponatremia. Male athletes were separated into control (CON, n=10) and water loading (WL, n=11) groups and fed a standardised energy-matched diet for 6 days. Day 1-3 fluid intake was 40 mL·kg-1 and 100 mL·kg-1 for CON and WL, respectively with both groups consuming 15 mL·kg-1on Day 4 and following the same rehydration protocol on Days 5-6...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173121/fueling-for-performance
#9
Jeffrey R Bytomski
CONTEXT: Proper nutrition is crucial for an athlete to optimize his or her performance for training and competition. Athletes should be able to meet their dietary needs through eating a wide variety of whole food sources. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed was searched for relevant articles published from 1980 to 2016. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical review. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4. RESULTS: An athlete should have both daily and activity-specific goals for obtaining the fuel necessary for successful training...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165908/association-between-adolescents-consumption-of-total-and-different-types-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-with-oral-health-impacts-and-weight-status
#10
Louise L Hardy, Jane Bell, Adrian Bauman, Seema Mihrshahi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between adolescents' intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with oral health impacts (OHI) and weight status. METHODS: Cross-sectional health survey with anthropometry and self-report OHI (toothache and avoiding some foods because of oral problems) and SSB intake (fruit juice, flavoured water, soft, diet, sports and energy drinks) collected in 2015. RESULTS: A total of 3,671 adolescents participated (50% girls; mean age 13...
November 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160809/evaluation-of-dietary-intakes-and-supplement-use-in-paralympic-athletes
#11
Robyn F Madden, Jane Shearer, Jill A Parnell
Dietary intakes and supplement use in Paralympic athletes remains largely unexplored, and specialized recommendations are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate nutrient intakes and supplement use in high-performance athletes with physical disabilities using three-day food records and a validated dietary supplement use questionnaire. A secondary aim examined gender differences in nutrient and supplement intakes. Male (n = 18) and female (n = 22) athletes were recruited from nine Paralympic sports through sporting organizations, coaches, and social media...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156929/-role-of-the-egg-in-the-diet-of-athletes-and-physically-active-people
#12
Ana M López Sobaler, Aránzazu Aparicio Vizuete, Rosa M Ortega
The practice of sport and medium-high intensity exercise increases the needs of energy and nutrients. Proper nutrition is very important for reaching the maximum performance, reducing the risk of injury, and ensuring the best recovery. It must also ensure the achievement of optimum nutritional status and prevent health problems at the present and in the future time. Eggs are a very nutritious food that can help athletes to achieve a correct diet. It contains proteins of high quality and bioavailability, a profile of fatty acids very favorable from the cardiovascular point of view, and vitamins and minerals involved in energy and protein metabolism, in defense against oxidative stress and inflammation, in cell growth and tissue repair...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151785/children-s-lifestyle-behaviors-in-relation-to-anthropometric-indices-a-family-practice-study
#13
Aida Puia, Daniel-Corneliu Leucuta
Introduction: Obesity prevention in children represents one of the main concerns in primary care. In order to develop into a healthy adult, the child has to follow a healthy lifestyle in all aspects: nutritional, behavioral, physical and recreational. Our main goal was to identify which habits may influence the children's somatic development. Method: Our study, performed in a family practice, consisted in a questionnaire regarding physical activity, diet and use of electronic devices...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150215/lifestyles-guide-and-glaucoma-ii-diet-supplements-drugs-sleep-pregnancy-and-systemic-hypertension
#14
A Antón-López, J Moreno-Montañés, S Duch-Tuesta, P Corsino Fernández-Vila, J García-Feijoo, E Millá-Griñó, F J Muñoz-Negrete, L Pablo-Júlvez, I Rodríguez-Agirretxe, J L Urcelay-Segura, F Ussa-Herrera, M P Villegas-Pérez
PURPOSE: To establish evidence based guidelines to advise patients on the relationship between habits, diet, certain circumstances, diseases and glaucoma. METHODS: Review of all published articles on glaucoma and sports or other activities. The papers were classified according to the level of scientific evidence based on the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine classification. RESULTS: The evidence on the relationship between diet or supplements and the incidence or progression of glaucoma is insufficient to make a general recommendation for glaucoma patients...
November 14, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095020/-improvement-of-healthy-lifestyle-habits-in-university-students-through-a-gamification-approach
#15
Isaac José Pérez López, Enrique Rivera García, Manuel Delgado-Fernández
INTRODUCTION: Health education is one of the primary tools for health promotion, especially for those that will be responsible for educating on healthy habits in the future. OBJECTIVE: To improve healthy lifestyle habits in university students through an educational intervention based on gamification. METHOD: A cuasiexperimental design of two groups (i.e., experimental groups and control group) with pretest and postest measurements was carried out...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091476/brief-education-intervention-increases-nutrition-knowledge-and-confidence-of-coaches-of-junior-australian-football-teams
#16
Regina Belski, Alex Donaldson, Kiera Staley, Anne Skiadopoulos, Erica Randle, Paul O'Halloran, Pam Kappelides, Steve Teakel, Sonya Stanley, Matthew Nicholson
This study evaluated the impact of a brief (20-minute) nutrition education intervention embedded in an existing mandatory coach education course for coaches of junior (8-12 year old) Australian football teams. Two hundred and eighty-four coaches (68% of 415 coaching course participants) completed a pre-session questionnaire and 110 (27% of coaching course participants) completed an identical post-session questionnaire. The responses to the pre- and post-session surveys were matched for 78 coaches. Coaches' ratings of their own understanding of the nutritional needs of young athletes (6...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044878/the-impact-of-coaches-providing-healthy-snacks-at-junior-sport-training
#17
Regina Belski, Kiera Staley, Stephen Keenan, Anne Skiadopoulos, Erica Randle, Alex Donaldson, Paul O'Halloran, Pam Kappelides, Stacey O'Neil, Matthew Nicholson
OBJECTIVE: Sports clubs provide an opportunity to tackle childhood obesity rates through targeted interventions. Our study aimed to investigate if coaches providing healthy snacks to participants before junior netball sessions at five clubs in Melbourne, Australia, increased consumption of healthy foods and influenced coach perceptions of participants' attention/participation levels. METHODS: Coaches provided healthy snacks to participants before each netball session for one school term...
October 18, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019323/diet-physical-activity-marital-status-and-risk-of-cancer-a-case-control-study-of-adults-from-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#18
Eyad Fawzi AlSaeed, Mutahir A Tunio
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the dietary habits, engagement in various sports, smoking habits, marital status and other demographic characteristics, between cancer patients and healthy adults (control) at our institute, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 500 participants (237 cancer patients and 263 healthy adults). A well-structured questionnaire was given to these participants regarding the life style, dietary habits, and marital status through interviews...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991907/effects-of-the-healthy-start-randomized-intervention-trial-on-physical-activity-among-normal-weight-preschool-children-predisposed-to-overweight-and-obesity
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mina Nicole Händel, Sofus Christian Larsen, Jeanett Friis Rohde, Maria Stougaard, Nanna Julie Olsen, Berit Lilienthal Heitmann
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence to support the effectiveness of primary interventions aiming to prevent excess weight gain among young children. Evaluating behavioral changes, such as physical activity (PA), may add to future development of efficient interventions. The objective was to evaluate the effect on PA outcomes of the 15 month Healthy Start intervention that focused on changing diet, PA, sleep and stress management among normal weight but obesity-prone preschool children...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989127/relationship-of-body-mass-index-with-diet-physical-activities-and-lifestyles-of-dental-students
#20
Syed R Habib, Sakhar Alghofaily, Hussam Alshamrani, Abdullah Alhammad, Kamran Habib Awan
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to investigate the prevalence of overweight issues and obesity by recording the body mass index (BMI) and explore the dietary habits, physical activities (PAs), and lifestyles of male students at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A custom-designed self-administrative form and questionnaire were used in this study for data collection. The first part of the form was used to record the participants' height and weight for the BMI...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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