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Diet and sport

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165908/association-between-adolescents-consumption-of-total-and-different-types-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-with-oral-health-impacts-and-weight-status
#1
Louise L Hardy, Jane Bell, Adrian Bauman, Seema Mihrshahi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between adolescents' intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with oral health impacts (OHI) and weight status. METHODS: Cross-sectional health survey with anthropometry and self-report OHI (toothache and avoiding some foods because of oral problems) and SSB intake (fruit juice, flavoured water, soft, diet, sports and energy drinks) collected in 2015. RESULTS: A total of 3,671 adolescents participated (50% girls; mean age 13...
November 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160809/evaluation-of-dietary-intakes-and-supplement-use-in-paralympic-athletes
#2
Robyn F Madden, Jane Shearer, Jill A Parnell
Dietary intakes and supplement use in Paralympic athletes remains largely unexplored, and specialized recommendations are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate nutrient intakes and supplement use in high-performance athletes with physical disabilities using three-day food records and a validated dietary supplement use questionnaire. A secondary aim examined gender differences in nutrient and supplement intakes. Male (n = 18) and female (n = 22) athletes were recruited from nine Paralympic sports through sporting organizations, coaches, and social media...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156929/-role-of-the-egg-in-the-diet-of-athletes-and-physically-active-people
#3
Ana M López Sobaler, Aránzazu Aparicio Vizuete, Rosa M Ortega
The practice of sport and medium-high intensity exercise increases the needs of energy and nutrients. Proper nutrition is very important for reaching the maximum performance, reducing the risk of injury, and ensuring the best recovery. It must also ensure the achievement of optimum nutritional status and prevent health problems at the present and in the future time. Eggs are a very nutritious food that can help athletes to achieve a correct diet. It contains proteins of high quality and bioavailability, a profile of fatty acids very favorable from the cardiovascular point of view, and vitamins and minerals involved in energy and protein metabolism, in defense against oxidative stress and inflammation, in cell growth and tissue repair...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151785/children-s-lifestyle-behaviors-in-relation-to-anthropometric-indices-a-family-practice-study
#4
Aida Puia, Daniel-Corneliu Leucuta
Introduction: Obesity prevention in children represents one of the main concerns in primary care. In order to develop into a healthy adult, the child has to follow a healthy lifestyle in all aspects: nutritional, behavioral, physical and recreational. Our main goal was to identify which habits may influence the children's somatic development. Method: Our study, performed in a family practice, consisted in a questionnaire regarding physical activity, diet and use of electronic devices...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150215/lifestyles-guide-and-glaucoma-ii-diet-supplements-drugs-sleep-pregnancy-and-systemic-hypertension
#5
A Antón-López, J Moreno-Montañés, S Duch-Tuesta, P Corsino Fernández-Vila, J García-Feijoo, E Millá-Griñó, F J Muñoz-Negrete, L Pablo-Júlvez, I Rodríguez-Agirretxe, J L Urcelay-Segura, F Ussa-Herrera, M P Villegas-Pérez
PURPOSE: To establish evidence based guidelines to advise patients on the relationship between habits, diet, certain circumstances, diseases and glaucoma. METHODS: Review of all published articles on glaucoma and sports or other activities. The papers were classified according to the level of scientific evidence based on the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine classification. RESULTS: The evidence on the relationship between diet or supplements and the incidence or progression of glaucoma is insufficient to make a general recommendation for glaucoma patients...
November 14, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095020/-improvement-of-healthy-lifestyle-habits-in-university-students-through-a-gamification-approach
#6
Isaac José Pérez López, Enrique Rivera García, Manuel Delgado-Fernández
INTRODUCTION: Health education is one of the primary tools for health promotion, especially for those that will be responsible for educating on healthy habits in the future. OBJECTIVE: To improve healthy lifestyle habits in university students through an educational intervention based on gamification. METHOD: A cuasiexperimental design of two groups (i.e., experimental groups and control group) with pretest and postest measurements was carried out...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091476/brief-education-intervention-increases-nutrition-knowledge-and-confidence-of-coaches-of-junior-australian-football-teams
#7
Regina Belski, Alex Donaldson, Kiera Staley, Anne Skiadopoulos, Erica Randle, Paul O'Halloran, Pam Kappelides, Steve Teakel, Sonya Stanley, Matthew Nicholson
This study evaluated the impact of a brief (20-minute) nutrition education intervention embedded in an existing mandatory coach education course for coaches of junior (8-12 year old) Australian football teams. Two hundred and eighty-four coaches (68% of 415 coaching course participants) completed a pre-session questionnaire and 110 (27% of coaching course participants) completed an identical post-session questionnaire. The responses to the pre- and post-session surveys were matched for 78 coaches. Coaches' ratings of their own understanding of the nutritional needs of young athletes (6...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044878/the-impact-of-coaches-providing-healthy-snacks-at-junior-sport-training
#8
Regina Belski, Kiera Staley, Stephen Keenan, Anne Skiadopoulos, Erica Randle, Alex Donaldson, Paul O'Halloran, Pam Kappelides, Stacey O'Neil, Matthew Nicholson
OBJECTIVE: Sports clubs provide an opportunity to tackle childhood obesity rates through targeted interventions. Our study aimed to investigate if coaches providing healthy snacks to participants before junior netball sessions at five clubs in Melbourne, Australia, increased consumption of healthy foods and influenced coach perceptions of participants' attention/participation levels. METHODS: Coaches provided healthy snacks to participants before each netball session for one school term...
October 18, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019323/diet-physical-activity-marital-status-and-risk-of-cancer-a-case-control-study-of-adults-from-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#9
Eyad Fawzi AlSaeed, Mutahir A Tunio
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the dietary habits, engagement in various sports, smoking habits, marital status and other demographic characteristics, between cancer patients and healthy adults (control) at our institute, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 500 participants (237 cancer patients and 263 healthy adults). A well-structured questionnaire was given to these participants regarding the life style, dietary habits, and marital status through interviews...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991907/effects-of-the-healthy-start-randomized-intervention-trial-on-physical-activity-among-normal-weight-preschool-children-predisposed-to-overweight-and-obesity
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mina Nicole Händel, Sofus Christian Larsen, Jeanett Friis Rohde, Maria Stougaard, Nanna Julie Olsen, Berit Lilienthal Heitmann
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence to support the effectiveness of primary interventions aiming to prevent excess weight gain among young children. Evaluating behavioral changes, such as physical activity (PA), may add to future development of efficient interventions. The objective was to evaluate the effect on PA outcomes of the 15 month Healthy Start intervention that focused on changing diet, PA, sleep and stress management among normal weight but obesity-prone preschool children...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989127/relationship-of-body-mass-index-with-diet-physical-activities-and-lifestyles-of-dental-students
#11
Syed R Habib, Sakhar Alghofaily, Hussam Alshamrani, Abdullah Alhammad, Kamran Habib Awan
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to investigate the prevalence of overweight issues and obesity by recording the body mass index (BMI) and explore the dietary habits, physical activities (PAs), and lifestyles of male students at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A custom-designed self-administrative form and questionnaire were used in this study for data collection. The first part of the form was used to record the participants' height and weight for the BMI...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977318/lifestyle-indicators-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-adolescents
#12
Eduardo Rossato de Victo, Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, João Pedro da Silva, Timóteo Leandro Araújo, Victor Keihan Rodrigues Matsudo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the lifestyle indicators associated with cardiorespiratory fitness in adolescents from Ilhabela, São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: The sample consisted of 181 adolescents (53% male) from the Mixed Longitudinal Project on Growth, Development, and Physical Fitness of Ilhabela. Body composition (weight, height, and body mass index, or BMI), school transportation, time spent sitting, physical activity, sports, television time (TV), having a TV in the bedroom, sleep, health perception, diet, and economic status (ES) were analyzed...
January 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970200/wearable-physiological-systems-and-technologies-for-metabolic-monitoring
#13
Wei Gao, George A Brooks, David C Klonoff
Wearable sensors allow continuous monitoring of metabolites for diabetes, sports medicine, exercise science, and physiology research. These sensors can continuously detect target analytes in skin interstitial fluid (ISF), tears, saliva, and sweat. In this review, we will summarize developments on wearable devices and their potential applications in research, clinical practice, and recreational and sporting activities. Sampling skin ISF can require insertion of a needle into the skin, whereas sweat, tears, and saliva can be sampled by devices worn outside the body...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929368/who-are-mobile-app-users-from-healthy-lifestyle-websites-analysis-of-patterns-of-app-use-and-user-characteristics
#14
Steriani Elavsky, David Smahel, Hana Machackova
The use of online communities and websites for health information has proliferated along with the use of mobile apps for managing health behaviors such as diet and exercise. The scarce evidence available to date suggests that users of these websites and apps differ in significant ways from non-users but most data come from US- and UK-based populations. In this study, we recruited users of nutrition, weight management, and fitness-oriented websites in the Czech Republic to better understand who uses mobile apps and who does not, including user sociodemographic and psychological profiles...
September 19, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925476/late-onset-pompe-disease-in-a-54-year-old-sportsman-with-an-episode-of-syncope-a-case-report
#15
M Walczak-Galezewska, D Skrypnik, M Szulinska, K Musialik, K Skrypnik, P Bogdanski
Pompe disease is an extra-rare metabolic storage disease with deficiency of acid-alpha-glucosidase (GAA) enzyme activity, which leads to the pathologic accumulation of glycogen in target tissues (skeletal muscles, heart, brain). Clinical features and severity vary by the age of onset, rate of extent of organ involvement. In the late-onset Pompe disease (LOPD) form, essential cardiomyopathy seems to be uncommon. Muscles weakness and respiratory failure are the main symptoms of adult patient with Pompe disease...
August 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924423/vegan-diets-practical-advice-for-athletes-and-exercisers
#16
REVIEW
David Rogerson
With the growth of social media as a platform to share information, veganism is becoming more visible, and could be becoming more accepted in sports and in the health and fitness industry. However, to date, there appears to be a lack of literature that discusses how to manage vegan diets for athletic purposes. This article attempted to review literature in order to provide recommendations for how to construct a vegan diet for athletes and exercisers. While little data could be found in the sports nutrition literature specifically, it was revealed elsewhere that veganism creates challenges that need to be accounted for when designing a nutritious diet...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919842/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-nutrient-timing
#17
REVIEW
Chad M Kerksick, Shawn Arent, Brad J Schoenfeld, Jeffrey R Stout, Bill Campbell, Colin D Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Doug Kalman, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Richard B Kreider, Darryn Willoughby, Paul J Arciero, Trisha A VanDusseldorp, Michael J Ormsbee, Robert Wildman, Mike Greenwood, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Alan A Aragon, Jose Antonio
The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review regarding the timing of macronutrients in reference to healthy, exercising adults and in particular highly trained individuals on exercise performance and body composition. The following points summarize the position of the ISSN:Nutrient timing incorporates the use of methodical planning and eating of whole foods, fortified foods and dietary supplements. The timing of energy intake and the ratio of certain ingested macronutrients may enhance recovery and tissue repair, augment muscle protein synthesis (MPS), and improve mood states following high-volume or intense exercise...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918280/from-sport-hunting-to-breeding-success-patterns-of-lead-ammunition-ingestion-and-its-effects-on-an-endangered-raptor
#18
José M Gil-Sánchez, Saray Molleda, José A Sánchez-Zapata, Jesús Bautista, Isabel Navas, Raquel Godinho, Antonio J García-Fernández, Marcos Moleón
Lead is highly toxic for wildlife, with pernicious consequences especially in long-lived predators. The causes of lead ammunition ingestion in Bonelli's eagle (Aquila fasciata) and its effects on breeding success were studied in one of the most important populations of this endangered species in Europe. Regurgitated pellets belonging to different pairs from 2004 to 2014 were analyzed, both in the breeding (1363 pellets from 12 territories) and non-breeding (172 pellets from 9 territories) seasons. From these territories, 57 molted feathers to study lead contamination were analyzed, and breeding success was monitored for 41 breeding attempts...
February 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895388/probiotic-strains-as-the-element-of-nutritional-profile-in-physical-activity-%C3%A2-new-trend-or-better-sports-results
#19
REVIEW
Joanna Smarkusz, Lucyna Ostrowska, Katarzyna Witczak-Sawczuk
A diet, individually customized to the needs of sportsmen and sportswomen prepares them better for competition and achievement of better sports results. However, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and frequently recurrent upper respiratory tract infections pose a common problem observed among athletes of disciplines such as triathlon, cycling and marathon. Diarrhea, splashing in the intestines or gastrointestinal bleeding make it difficult to start and win in the race. Recently researchers have paid special attention to the therapeutic effect of probiotic strains on the human body...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889856/foods-and-beverages-available-at-snap-authorized-drugstores-in-sections%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-north%C3%A2-carolina
#20
Elizabeth F Racine, Ashley Kennedy, Ameena Batada, Mary Story
OBJECTIVE: To assess healthy food availability in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-authorized drugstores by store chain and neighborhood income level in 3 regions of North Carolina. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive study. SETTING: Twenty-five counties in North Carolina. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 108 drugstores (36 CVS Health, 36 Rite Aid, and 36 Walgreens). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Fifty foods and beverages offered at drugstores, categorized as healthier and less healthy...
September 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
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