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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104490/increasing-trainee-reporting-of-adverse-events-with-monthly-trainee-directed-review-of-adverse-events
#1
Alla Smith, Jonathan Hatoun, James Moses
OBJECTIVE: Underreporting of adverse events by physicians is a barrier to improving patient safety. In an effort to increase resident and medical student (hereafter "trainee") reporting of adverse events, trainees developed and led a monthly conference during which they reviewed adverse-event reports, identified system vulnerabilities and designed solutions to those vulnerabilities. METHODS: Monthly conferences over the 22-month study period were led by pediatric trainees, and attended by fellow trainees, departmental leadership, and members of the hospital's quality improvement team...
January 16, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098097/protective-role-of-nigella-sativa-in-diabetic-nephropathy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Zafar Masood Ansari, Mohammad Nasiruddin, Rahat Ali Khan, Shahzad Faizul Haque
This study aims to evaluate efficacy and safety of Nigella sativa oil supplementation in patients with chronic kidney disease Stage 3 and 4 due to diabetic nephropathy. It was a prospective, comparative, and open-label study. Patients were randomized into two groups. Group 1 (Control) received conservative management of diabetic nephropathy, whereas Group 2 (Test) received N. sativa oil (2.5 mL, once daily and per orally) along with conservative management for 12 weeks. Blood glucose, hemogram, and kidney function test were done at 0, 6, and 12 weeks of treatment...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097858/-the-current-status-of-patient-safety-in-argentina-cross-sectional-study
#3
Lucrecia Arpí, Néstor D Panattieri, Cristina Godio, Verónica Sabio Paz, Nora Dackiewicz
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is a priority for healthcare organizations. For the PRONAP´s 2013 final exam, the Quality & Patient Safety Subcommittee and the PRONAP managers designed a survey to be answered by pediatrician students nationwide. It was destined to evaluate attitudes, practices and safety conditions in which they worked. AIM: To assess the current state of practices in patient safety. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Setting and sample: PRONAP students (7,438 pediatrician nationwide) who answered 2013 final exam...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087554/how-prepared-are-uk-medical-graduates-for-practice-a-rapid-review-of-the-literature-2009-2014
#4
Lynn V Monrouxe, Lisa Grundy, Mala Mann, Zoe John, Eleni Panagoulas, Alison Bullock, Karen Mattick
OBJECTIVE: To understand how prepared UK medical graduates are for practice and the effectiveness of workplace transition interventions. DESIGN: A rapid review of the literature (registration #CRD42013005305). DATA SOURCES: Nine major databases (and key websites) were searched in two timeframes (July-September 2013; updated May-June 2014): CINAHL, Embase, Educational Resources Information Centre, Health Management Information Consortium, MEDLINE, MEDLINE in Process, PsycINFO, Scopus and Web of Knowledge...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079413/striving-for-a-good-standard-of-maths-for-potential-student-nurses
#5
Sheila Roberts, Anne Campbell
This article explores some of the issues surrounding numerical competence for potential pre-registration children's nursing students, with examples of success and failure, at the University of Hertfordshire. With poor numerical ability causing concern in the UK, and the effect of low competence on patient safety when calculating drug dosages in healthcare, this article considers some of the literature surrounding numerical ability, confidence and anxiety, along with considering whether a 'C' grade at GCSE is a suitable marker for assessing numerical competence before starting a pre-registration nursing programme...
January 12, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076342/knowledge-beliefs-and-attitudes-report-on-patient-care-and-safety-in-undergraduate-students-validating-the-modified-apsq-iii-questionnaire
#6
Ezequiel García Elorrio, Dolores Macchiavello, Viviana Rodriguez, Yael Catalano, Giuliana Corna, Josefina Dahinten, Marina Ontivero
INTRODUCTION: Patient safety aims to achieve healthcare free of damage. The World Health Organization indicates that this objective is achieved through communication, analysis, and prevention of adverse events in patients. Organizational culture has been identified as one of the main factors for interventions aimed to reduce medical errors; and an essential component of safety culture is the attitude of health professionals towards medical error. Attitudes can be improved through appropriate education in biomedical careers but its inclusion in Argentina is scarce...
December 20, 2016: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075437/comparison-of-irrigation-times-using-gravity-and-high-pressure-lavage
#7
Stefano Muscatelli, Andrea Howe, Nathan N O'Hara, Robert V O'Toole, Sheila A Sprague, Gerard P Slobogean
The benefits of high-pressure pulsatile lavage for open fracture irrigation have been controversial based on conflicting experimental animal research. Recently published data definitively demonstrated that irrigation pressure does not affect the incidence of reoperation for the treatment of open fractures. However, proponents of pulsatile lavage argue a faster irrigation time is an important benefit of the high-pressure treatment. The purpose of this study was to determine the difference in irrigation time between gravity and high-pressure lavage...
January 11, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072900/efficacy-of-adductor-canal-blockade-compared-to-multimodal-peri-articular-analgesia-following-total-knee-arthroplasty
#8
Chukwuweike U Gwam, Jaydev B Mistry, Priya Jha, Anton Khlopas, Melbin Thomas, Morad Chughtai, Michael A Mont, Ronald E Delanois
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can be an impediment to patient recovery. Many commonly used pain control modalities are effective, but are also associated with adverse effects. Other modalities, such as adductor canal blocks (ACB) and multimodal periarticular analgesia (MPA), have gained popularity due to their efficacy and high safety profile. However, to the best of our knowledge, there are no published studies indicating if a therapeutic advantage exists between the two pain control modalities...
January 10, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050450/iv-ferric-carboxymaltose-vs-oral-iron-in-the-treatment-of-post-partum-iron-deficiency-anaemia
#9
Sree Chandana Damineni, Suchitra Thunga
INTRODUCTION: Iron deficiency is the most common cause of Post-partum anaemia, reported as 50-60% in India. It is primarily due to inadequate iron intake and due to peripartum blood loss. It has been associated with significant post-partum complications. Therefore, Post-partum iron deficiency warrants greater attention and higher quality care. Oral iron treatment has been considered the standard of care. However, parenteral iron treatment is expected to be advantageous in cases where oral iron therapy is not possible...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048459/we-g-204-01-building-a-career-in-academic-medical-physics-the-hardest-and-best-job-you-will-ever-have
#10
J Hazle
While many indicators for academic medical physics are distressing - jobs are tight, demands on clinical time are high (and getting worse) and national funding has been flat for several years (meaning less money in reality) the present is perhaps one of the most exciting times in cancer research history, and medical physicists have an opportunity to make a difference. Many of us predict the impact of medical physics on cancer research over the next decade to be more significant than ever. Why is that? First, medical imaging is used for every cancer patient in developed countries...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046839/we-g-204-02-so-you-want-to-do-research-two-approaches-to-beginning-a-career-in-medical-physics-research
#11
J Deasy
While many indicators for academic medical physics are distressing - jobs are tight, demands on clinical time are high (and getting worse) and national funding has been flat for several years (meaning less money in reality) the present is perhaps one of the most exciting times in cancer research history, and medical physicists have an opportunity to make a difference. Many of us predict the impact of medical physics on cancer research over the next decade to be more significant than ever. Why is that? First, medical imaging is used for every cancer patient in developed countries...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046388/we-g-204-00-post-graduate-training-of-the-next-generation-of-academic-medical-physicists
#12
John Hazle
While many indicators for academic medical physics are distressing - jobs are tight, demands on clinical time are high (and getting worse) and national funding has been flat for several years (meaning less money in reality) the present is perhaps one of the most exciting times in cancer research history, and medical physicists have an opportunity to make a difference. Many of us predict the impact of medical physics on cancer research over the next decade to be more significant than ever. Why is that? First, medical imaging is used for every cancer patient in developed countries...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045702/effects-of-web-based-instruction-on-nursing-students-arithmetical-and-drug-dosage-calculation-skills
#13
Arzu Karabag Aydin, Leyla Dinç
Drug dosage calculation skill is critical for all nursing students to ensure patient safety, particularly during clinical practice. The study purpose was to evaluate the effectiveness of Web-based instruction on improving nursing students' arithmetical and drug dosage calculation skills using a pretest-posttest design. A total of 63 nursing students participated. Data were collected through the Demographic Information Form, and the Arithmetic Skill Test and Drug Dosage Calculation Skill Test were used as pre and posttests...
December 29, 2016: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045334/design-and-validation-of-a-three-instrument-toolkit-for-the-assessment-of-competence-in-electrocardiogram-rhythm-recognition
#14
José M Hernández-Padilla, José Granero-Molina, Verónica V Márquez-Hernández, Fiona Suthers, Olga M López-Entrambasaguas, Cayetano Fernández-Sola
BACKGROUND: Rapid and accurate interpretation of cardiac arrhythmias by nurses has been linked with safe practice and positive patient outcomes. Although training in electrocardiogram rhythm recognition is part of most undergraduate nursing programmes, research continues to suggest that nurses and nursing students lack competence in recognising cardiac rhythms. In order to promote patient safety, nursing educators must develop valid and reliable assessment tools that allow the rigorous assessment of this competence before nursing students are allowed to practise without supervision...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040615/should-procedural-skills-be-a-part-of-the-acute-care-nurse-practitioner-curriculum
#15
Amita Avadhani
Invasive procedures are an integral component of the time sensitive management of the acute and critically ill patients. Acute Care Nurse Practitioner (ACNP) students aspiring to be employed in their roles in the acute care settings cannot be autonomous in their practices unless they have a minimum level of proficiency to perform life sustaining invasive procedures. Offering additional level of benefits of safety and quality in healthcare, simulation as a teaching method has grown in popularity among various levels of education among variety of disciplines...
March 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027740/awareness-of-radiation-protection-and-dose-levels-of-imaging-procedures-among-medical-students-radiography-students-and-radiology-residents-at-an-academic-hospital-results-of-a-comprehensive-survey
#16
Lorenzo Faggioni, Fabio Paolicchi, Luca Bastiani, Davide Guido, Davide Caramella
PURPOSE: To evaluate the awareness of radiation protection issues and the knowledge of dose levels of imaging procedures among medical students, radiology residents, and radiography students at an academic hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 159 young doctors and students (including 60 radiology residents, 56 medical students, and 43 radiography students) were issued a questionnaire consisting of 16 multiple choice questions divided into three separated sections (i...
January 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012843/validation-of-a-novel-cognitive-simulator-for-orbital-floor-reconstruction
#17
Renata Khelemsky, Brianna Hill, Daniel Buchbinder
PURPOSE: The increasing focus on patient safety in current medical practice has promoted the development of surgical simulation technology in the form of virtual reality (VR) training designed largely to improve technical skills and less so for nontechnical aspects of surgery such as decision making and material knowledge. The present study investigated the validity of a novel cognitive VR simulator called Touch Surgery for a core maxillofacial surgical procedure: orbital floor reconstruction (OFR)...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012527/improving-access-to-school-based-education-for-south-african-children-in-rural-areas-who-have-a-tracheostomy-a-case-series-and-recommendations
#18
Chengetai Mahomva, Sue Harris, Narvanie Seebran, Bridget Mudge, Brian Catlin, Louise Davies
OBJECTIVES: Currently few children with tracheostomies attend rural mainstreams schools in South Africa limiting their ability to gain an education. We sought to document the current school experience for the few children attending school who have tracheostomies and devise educational tools for teachers and administrators that will facilitate greater acceptance and safety in classrooms for this population. METHODS: The four patients that are currently attending school with a tracheostomy were identified from the patient records of a tertiary hospital with a pediatric tracheostomy home based care service...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006699/midwifery-students-experiences-of-simulation-and-skills-training
#19
Lena Lendahls, Marie G Oscarsson
BACKGROUND: In Sweden, simulation- and skills training are implemented in midwifery education in order to prepare students for clinical practice. Research regarding the use of both low to high levels of fidelity in simulation in midwifery programme is limited. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore midwifery students' experiences of simulation- and skills training. METHODS: Midwifery students (n=61), at advanced level, were interviewed in 13 group interviews from 2011 to 2105...
December 16, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997224/implementing-peer-learning-in-clinical-education-a-framework-to-address-challenges-in-the-real-world
#20
Joanna Hong Meng Tai, Benedict J Canny, Terry P Haines, Elizabeth K Molloy
: Phenomenon: Peer learning has many benefits and can assist students in gaining the educational skills required in future years when they become teachers themselves. Peer learning may be particularly useful in clinical learning environments, where students report feeling marginalized, overwhelmed, and unsupported. Educational interventions often fail in the workplace environment, as they are often conceived in the "ideal" rather than the complex, messy real world. This work sought to explore barriers and facilitators to implementing peer learning activities in a clinical curriculum...
December 20, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
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