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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219315/near-peers-improve-patient-safety-training-in-the-preclinical-curriculum
#1
Sally R Raty, Cayla R Teal, Elizabeth A Nelson, Anne C Gill
BACKGROUND: Accrediting bodies require medical schools to teach patient safety and residents to develop teaching skills in patient safety. We created a patient safety course in the preclinical curriculum and used continuous quality improvement to make changes over time. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of resident teaching on student perceptions of a Patient Safety course. DESIGN: Using the Institute for Healthcare Improvement patient safety curriculum as a frame, the course included the seven IHI modules, large group lectures and small group facilitated discussions...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214666/reducing-medication-errors-teaching-strategies-that-increase-nursing-students-awareness-of-medication-errors-and-their-prevention
#2
EDITORIAL
Sharon Latimer, Jayne Hewitt, Rebecca Stanbrough, Ron McAndrew
Medication errors are a patient safety and quality of care issue. There is evidence to suggest many undergraduate nursing curricula do not adequately educate students about the factors that contribute to medication errors and possible strategies to prevent them. We designed and developed a suite of teaching strategies that raise students' awareness of medication error producing situations and their prevention.
February 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214045/factors-affecting-the-willingness-of-nursing-students-to-receive-annual-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-a-large-scale-cross-sectional-study
#3
Kin Cheung, Sin Man Simone Ho, Winsome Lam
Nursing students are at high risk of exposure to vaccine-preventable diseases such as seasonal influenza. However, due to the limited number of studies conducted in this area, the prevalence and factors affecting annual seasonal influenza vaccination (ASIV) uptake remain unclear. This was a large-scale cross-sectional survey study conducted among 902 nursing students in different years of study. The questionnaire was developed based on the Health Belief Model (HBM), and logistic regression was used to determine the predictors of ASIV uptake...
February 14, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193125/preparation-for-practice-a-novel-role-for-general-practice-in-pre-foundation-assistantships
#4
Peter S J Ryan, Gerard J Gormley, Nigel D Hart
BACKGROUND: Hospital-based undergraduate assistantships are now widely established in medical school curricula. They are considered to improve graduates' preparedness for practice in their role as a foundation doctor. Foundation doctors play a key team role in ensuring patient safety during complex transitions across the hospital/primary care interface, and their self-reported preparedness for practice still varies considerably. AIMS: We sought to explore what spending one week of the pre-foundation assistantship in General Practice might add...
February 13, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187025/de-novo-upper-extremity-lymphedema-after-elective-hand-surgery-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#5
Heather L Baltzer, Jamison Harvey, Paige M Fox, Steven L Moran
BACKGROUND: The safety of elective hand surgery in breast cancer (BC) survivors is controversial because of concerns of developing upper extremity lymphedema. This study aimed to evaluate the risk of developing lymphedema after elective hand surgery among patients that underwent ipsilateral axillary lymph node dissection (ALND), sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB), and/or radiation therapy (RT). METHOD: A retrospective cohort of BC patients treated with ALND, SLNB, and/or RT was identified (1997-2012)...
February 10, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183316/medical-students-situational-motivation-to-participate-in-simulation-based-team-training-is-predicted-by-attitudes-to-patient-safety
#6
Cecilia Escher, Johan Creutzfeldt, Lisbet Meurling, Leif Hedman, Ann Kjellin, Li Felländer-Tsai
BACKGROUND: Patient safety education, as well as the safety climate at clinical rotations, has an impact on students' attitudes. We explored medical students' self-reported motivation to participate in simulation-based teamwork training (SBTT), with the hypothesis that high scores in patient safety attitudes would promote motivation to SBTT and that intrinsic motivation would increase after training. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study we explored Swedish medical students' attitudes to patient safety, their motivation to participate in SBTT and how motivation was affected by the training...
February 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183296/validation-study-of-the-polish-version-of-the-evidence-based-practice-profile-questionnaire
#7
Mariusz Panczyk, Jarosława Belowska, Aleksander Zarzeka, Łukasz Samoliński, Halina Żmuda-Trzebiatowska, Joanna Gotlib
BACKGROUND: Decisions about patient care in clinical practice should be made based on proven scientific evidence of efficacy and safety (i.e., evidence-based practice [EBP]). Currently, there are no available tools in Poland for assessing the knowledge and attitudes of specialists in health sciences towards EBP. Therefore, by validating the Polish version of the original English Evidence-Based Practice Profile Questionnaire (EBP(2)Q), we may provide an appropriate instrument for assessing EBP...
February 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181846/attitudes-and-preferences-concerning-interprofessional-education-of-first-year-students-and-experienced-medical-and-nursing-staff
#8
Stephan Kolb, Thomas Vasilakis, Barbara Stein, Jessica Stadelmann, Angelika Münzinger, Gabriele Fley, Isabel Hach, Marco Jassmann, Jürgen Härlein
In order to enhance patient outcome and patient safety in healthcare, interprofessional education (IPE) has over the years become a specific area of interest focusing on teaching concepts, research methods, and implementation strategies. To achieve commitment and positive attitudes as part of the institutional readiness towards IPE, the adoption of change management aspects can support its early implementation. This short report presents results of a baseline survey on attitudes and preferences for IPE among first-year students in medicine and nursing, as well as among chief physicians, nurse directors, and administrative directors at the associated university hospital...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178011/nursing-student-patient-safety-errors-in-the-practice-domain-a-scoping-review-protocol-of-the-quantitative-and-qualitative-evidence
#9
June Raymond, Christina M Godfrey, Jennifer M Medves, Amanda Ross-White
The objective of this scoping review is to identify the range of patient safety events that includes patient safety errors, harms or near misses that student nurses make while nursing in their clinical placements. The question that will guide this review is: what types of hazards, healthcare-associated harms, patient safety incidents, reportable circumstances, near misses, harmful incidents, no harm incidents and injuries to patients are being made and reported by nursing students during their practice in healthcare facilities?...
February 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176945/engagement-in-quality-improvement-and-patient-safety-novel-solutions-proposed-by-uk-based-medical-students
#10
COMMENT
Saeed Azizi, Faisal Siddiqui, Ithsham Iqbal, Ibtesham Tausif Hossain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171853/assessing-nursing-students-knowledge-and-skills-in-performing-venepuncture-and-inserting-peripheral-venous-catheters
#11
C Ahlin, B Klang-Söderkvist, E Johansson, M Björkholm, A Löfmark
Venepuncture and the insertion of peripheral venous catheters are common tasks in health care, and training in these procedures is included in nursing programmes. Evidence of nursing students' knowledge and skills in these procedures is limited. The main aim of this study was to assess nursing students' knowledge and skills when performing venepuncture and inserting peripheral venous catheters. Potential associations between level of knowledge and skills, self-training, self-efficacy, and demographic characteristics were also investigated...
January 27, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166912/tuberculosis-knowledge-and-attitude-in-aspiring-doctors-and-nurses-is-it-time-for-our-tb-teaching-methods-to-evolve
#12
Preetam Rajgopal Acharya, Monalisa D'Souza, Ramesh Chandra Sahoo
BACKGROUND: India accounts for nearly 24% of all the new tuberculosis (TB) cases globally. A good core knowledge and a positive outlook towards TB patients among our aspiring doctors and nurses are necessities for India to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) proposed by the WHO as a part of its post-2015 global TB strategy and to successfully combat the newer challenges posed by this disease in the future. AIMS: To evaluate knowledge related to transmission, prevention and treatment of tuberculosis amongst medical and nursing students...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163457/near-infrared-pulsed-light-for-permanent-hair-reduction-in-fitzpatrick-skin-types-iv-and-v
#13
Pratik Thacker, Pramod Kumar
BACKGROUND: Excessive hair on the face is a significant cause for distress amongst women. Permanent hair reduction methods including lasers and pulsed light devices are increasingly being used. AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of near infrared pulsed light source for permanent hair reduction in women seeking treatment for excessive hair growth on the upper lip and chin. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a prospective observational study done at a tertiary care hospital in South India...
October 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157394/how-well-prepared-are-medical-and-nursing-students-to-identify-common-hazards-in-the-icu
#14
Alison S Clay, Saumil M Chudgar, Kathleen M Turner, Jacqueline Vaughn, Nancy W Knudsen, Jeanne M Farnan, Vineet M Arora, Margory A Molloy
RATIONALE: Care in the hospital is hazardous. Harm in the hospital may prolong hospitalization, increase suffering, result in death, and increase costs of care. While the interprofessional team is critical to eliminating hazards that may result in adverse events to patients, professional students' formal education may not prepare students adequately for this role. OBJECTIVES: To determine if medical and nursing students can identify hazards of hospitalization that could result in harm to patients and to detect differences between professions in the types of hazards identified...
February 3, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148296/comparative-effectiveness-of-a-serious-game-and-an-e-module-to-support-patient-safety-knowledge-and-awareness
#15
Mary E W Dankbaar, Olivier Richters, Cor J Kalkman, Gerrie Prins, Olle T J Ten Cate, Jeroen J G van Merrienboer, Stephanie C E Schuit
BACKGROUND: Serious games have the potential to teach complex cognitive skills in an engaging way, at relatively low costs. Their flexibility in use and scalability makes them an attractive learning tool, but more research is needed on the effectiveness of serious games compared to more traditional formats such e-modules. We investigated whether undergraduate medical students developed better knowledge and awareness and were more motivated after learning about patient-safety through a serious game than peers who studied the same topics using an e-module...
February 2, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146453/eye-tracking-a-novel-approach-for-evaluating-and-improving-the-safety-of-healthcare-processes-in-the-simulated-setting
#16
Elizabeth A Henneman, Jenna L Marquard, Donald L Fisher, Anna Gawlinski
INTRODUCTION: Eye tracking, used to evaluate a clinician's eye movements, is an example of an existing technology being used in novel ways by patient safety researchers in the simulated setting. The use of eye-tracking technology has the potential to augment current teaching, evaluation, and research methods in simulated settings by using this quantitative, objective data to better understand why an individual performed as he or she did on a simulated or naturalistic task. METHODS: Selected literature was reviewed with the purpose of explicating how eye tracking can be used by researchers and educators to evaluate error-prone processes...
February 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146451/training-effectiveness-of-a-wide-area-virtual-environment-in-medical-simulation
#17
Grady S Wier, Rebekah Tree, Rasha Nusr
INTRODUCTION: The success of war fighters and medical personnel handling traumatic injuries largely depends on the quality of training they receive before deployment. The purpose of this study was to gauge the utility of a Wide Area Virtual Environment (WAVE) as a training adjunct by comparing and evaluating student performance, measuring sense of realism, and assessing the impact on student satisfaction with their training exposure in an immersive versus a field environment. METHODS: This comparative prospective cohort study examined the utility of a three-screen WAVE where subjects were immersed in the training environment with medical simulators...
February 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141592/exposure-incidents-among-medical-students-in-a-high-prevalence-hiv-setting
#18
Theresa Marié Rossouw, Marietjie Van Rooyen, Karin Louise Richter
INTRODUCTION: Occupational injuries in medical students are concerning, especially in countries with a high prevalence of bloodborne infections. With more HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral treatment, appropriate post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) depends on knowledge of source patients' infection status and treatment response. This study determined the number and type of exposure incidents, reporting practices, and PEP use among medical students at the University of Pretoria, South Africa...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126688/patient-safety-in-practical-nurses-education-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-newly-registered-practical-nurses-in-canada
#19
Elizabeth VanDenKerkhof, Nancy Sears, Dana S Edge, Deborah Tregunno, Liane Ginsburg
BACKGROUND: Practical nurses have experienced an increasing scope of practice, including an expectation to care for complex patients and function on interdisciplinary teams. Little is known about the degree to which patient safety principles are addressed in practical nursing education. PURPOSE: To examine self-reported patient safety competencies of practical nurses. DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey (July 2014) and face-to-face interviews (June 2015)...
January 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126379/use-of-eye-tracking-as-an-innovative-instructional-method-in-surgical-human-anatomy
#20
María Luísa Sánchez-Ferrer, María Dolores Grima-Murcia, Francisco Sánchez-Ferrer, Ana Isabel Hernández-Peñalver, Eduardo Fernández-Jover, Francisco Sánchez Del Campo
OBJECTIVE: Tobii glasses can record corneal infrared light reflection to track pupil position and to map gaze focusing in the video recording. Eye tracking has been proposed for use in training and coaching as a visually guided control interface. The aim of our study was to test the potential use of these glasses in various situations: explanations of anatomical structures on tablet-type electronic devices, explanations of anatomical models and dissected cadavers, and during the prosection thereof...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
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