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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346204/restructuring-the-art-of-health-by-pharmacists-formulation-designs-with-oral-vehicles-teaching-pharmacy-students
#1
Rita Benischek
Compounding pharmacists, responsible for appropriate preparation of medications, coordinate with other professionals to reach optimal therapeutic options for patients. This review summarizes proprietary oral vehicles or suspensions focusing on available information or updated data from suppliers. Research has advanced methods with revised applications, cutting-edge safety considerations, beyond-use dating provisions for technical assistance, and evidence to review and teach pharmacy students the opportunities in the choices of an oral vehicle...
March 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344708/support-infrastructure-available-to-canadian-residents-completing-post-graduate-global-health-electives-current-state-and-future-directions
#2
Lojan Sivakumaran, Tasha Ayinde, Fadi Hamadini, Sarkis Meterissian, Tarek Razek, Robert Puckrin, Johanna Munoz, Shawna O'Hearn, Dan L Deckelbaum
BACKGROUND: Global health electives offer medical trainees the opportunity to broaden their clinical horizons. Canadian universities have been encouraged by regulatory bodies to offer institutional support to medical students going abroad; however, the extent to which such support is available to residents has not been extensively studied. METHODS: We conducted a survey study of Canadian universities examining the institutional support available to post-graduate medical trainees before, during, and after global health electives...
December 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339698/learning-from-errors-analysis-of-medication-order-voiding-in-cpoe-systems
#3
Thomas G Kannampallil, Joanna Abraham, Anna Solotskaya, Sneha G Philip, Bruce L Lambert, Gordon D Schiff, Adam Wright, William L Galanter
Objective: Medication order voiding allows clinicians to indicate that an existing order was placed in error. We explored whether the order voiding function could be used to record and study medication ordering errors. Materials and Methods: We examined medication orders from an academic medical center for a 6-year period (2006-2011; n  = 5 804 150). We categorized orders based on status (void, not void) and clinician-provided reasons for voiding. We used multivariable logistic regression to investigate the association between order voiding and clinician, patient, and order characteristics...
February 19, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335770/a-model-of-influences-on-the-clinical-learning-environment-the-case-for-change-at-one-u-s-medical-school
#4
Howard B Fleit, Richard J Iuli, Janet E Fischel, Wei-Hsin Lu, Latha Chandran
BACKGROUND: The learning environment within a school of medicine influences medical students' values and their professional development. Despite national requirements to monitor the learning environment, mistreatment of medical students persists. METHODS: We designed a program called WE SMILE: We can Eradicate Student Mistreatment In the Learning Environment with a vision to enhance trainee and faculty awareness and ultimately eliminate medical student mistreatment...
March 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314493/beyond-visas-and-vaccines-preparing-students-for-domestic-and-global-health-engagement
#5
EDITORIAL
Lisa V Adams, Anne N Sosin
At campuses across the United States, scores of students are embarking on global health experiences in low- and middle-income countries. The desire to improve the health of poor communities while preparing for future health careers is often the main driver. The spotlight on domestic health issues also has fueled a resurgence of interest in underserved communities in the United States. Regardless of the destination, rigorous preparation is needed to ensure that the students' presence benefits the communities they aim to serve...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314185/nurse-students-learning-acute-care-by-simulation-focus-on-observation-and-debriefing
#6
Anna Abelsson, Birgitta Bisholt
INTRODUCTION: Simulation creates the possibility to experience acute situations during nursing education which cannot easily be achieved in clinical settings. AIM: To describe how nursing students learn acute care of patients through simulation exercises, based on observation and debriefing. DESIGN: The study was designed as an observational study inspired by an ethnographic approach. METHOD: Data was collected through observations and interviews...
March 9, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296002/game-of-hospitals
#7
Ruvini Vithanage, Benita Knox, Anna Ryan
BACKGROUND: Systems of health care is a key learning area in medical curricula. An understanding of the health care system with regards to reducing medical errors, improving efficiency in the provision of care and cost containment is recognised as being difficult to teach. CONTEXT: A game-based session was designed and executed as part of a medical student conference. This session incorporated numerous aspects of systems of health care, including teamwork, the efficient and equitable allocation of resources, safety, quality, medical errors, structure of health care systems and political influences in the delivery of health care...
March 13, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293675/validation-of-a-german-short-version-of-the-attitudes-towards-patient-safety-questionnaire-g-apsqshort-for-the-measurement-of-undergraduate-medical-students-attitudes-to-and-needs-for-patient-safety
#8
Jan Kiesewetter, Moritz Kager, Martin R Fischer, Isabel Kiesewetter
Introduction: Topics of patient safety are being taught increasingly within medical eudcation. To date, however, there is no suitable means of measuring the status quo of medical students' attitudes towards patient safety in German-speaking Europe. The German validation of a short version of the Attitude towards Patient Safety Questionnaire (G-APSQshort) is meant to fill this gap with the aid of two validation studies. Methods: In Study 1, item and reliability analyses were used to examine internal consistency as well as factorial structure...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292506/the-development-and-feasibility-of-a-pharmacy-delivered-opioid-intervention-in-the-emergency-department
#9
Erin L Winstanley, Rebecca Mashni, Sydney Schnee, Nate Miller, Susan M Mashni
OBJECTIVES: To develop a brief intervention and to assess the feasibility of pharmacy-delivered education on opioid safety and overdose prevention in the emergency department. METHODS: A convenience sample of patients (n = 102) approached between May and June 2016 at a single community-based suburban emergency department located in the Midwest. RESULTS: The intervention included scripted counseling to be delivered in person and 2 educational brochures...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289294/active-learning-strategies-for-legal-topics-and-substance-abuse-in-a-pharmacy-curriculum
#10
Sarah J Steinhardt, John E Clark, William N Kelly, Angela M Hill
Objective. To implement active-learning strategies to engage students in learning, applying, and teaching legal and substance abuse topics. Design. Medication Safety course student groups created films on a National Patient Safety Goal (NPSG) using a movie genre and presented them in film festival format. Pharmacogenomics course student groups taught ethical, legal, and social implications (ELSI) topics through presentation of short stories about comic book characters with genetic mutations. Students in the Drugs of Abuse course composed and performed dances depicting the mechanism of action of a drug in an in-class rave dance format...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285114/approach-behavior-as-information
#11
Sophie L van Uijen, Marcel A van den Hout, Iris M Engelhard
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Anxious individuals infer danger from information about physiological responses, anxiety responses, and safety behaviors. This study investigated whether anxious individuals also infer safety from approach behavior. METHODS: 325 students rated the danger they perceived in general and spider-relevant scenarios in which information about objective safety versus objective danger, and approach behavior versus no approach behavior, was varied...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278444/factors-associated-with-nursing-students-adherence-to-venous-blood-collection-practice-guidelines-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Karin Nilsson, Christine Brulin, Kjell Grankvist, Christina Juthberg
Venous blood specimen collection is a common procedure that nursing students perform during pre-registration courses, and training for such collections takes place on campus as well as at clinical placements. However, levels of adherence to practice guidelines are still suboptimal among both nursing students and healthcare staff. We aimed to explore nursing students' adherence to the Swedish national venous blood specimen collection practice guidelines regarding patient identification and test request management and how this adherence is related to clinical experience, capability beliefs, research use, and the perceived social climate in clinical contexts...
March 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273238/evaluation-of-self-perception-of-mechanical-ventilation-knowledge-among-brazilian-final-year-medical-students-residents-and-emergency-physicians
#13
Fernando Sabia Tallo, Simone de Campos Vieira Abib, Alexandre Jorgi de Andrade Negri, Paulo Cesar, Renato Delascio Lopes, Antônio Carlos Lopes
OBJECTIVE: To present self-assessments of knowledge about mechanical ventilation made by final-year medical students, residents, and physicians taking qualifying courses at the Brazilian Society of Internal Medicine who work in urgent and emergency settings. METHODS: A 34-item questionnaire comprising different areas of knowledge and training in mechanical ventilation was given to 806 medical students, residents, and participants in qualifying courses at 11 medical schools in Brazil...
February 1, 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259161/improving-disclosure-of-medical-error-through-educational-program-as-a-first-step-toward-patient-safety
#14
Chan Woong Kim, Sun Jung Myung, Eun Kyung Eo, Yerim Chang
BACKGROUND: Although physicians believe that medical errors should be disclosed to patients and their families, they often hesitate to do so. In this study, we assessed the effectiveness of an education program for medical error disclosure. METHODS: In 2015, six medical interns and 79 fourth-year medical students participated in this study. The education program included practice of error disclosure using a standardized patient scenario, feedback, and short didactic sessions...
March 4, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252838/new-graduate-registered-nurses-knowledge-of-patient-safety-and-practice-a-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Melanie Murray, Deborah Sundin
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To critically appraise available literature and summarise evidence pertaining to the patient safety knowledge and practices of new graduate registered nurses. BACKGROUND: Responsibility for patient safety should not be limited to the practice of the bedside nurses, rather the responsibility of all in the healthcare system. Previous research identified lapses in safety across the healthcare, more specifically with new practitioners. Understanding these gaps and what may be employed to counteract them is vital to ensuring patient safety...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250480/efficacy-of-intranasal-dexmedetomidine-versus-oral-midazolam-for-paediatric-premedication
#16
Lakshmi Kumar, Ajay Kumar, Ramkumar Panikkaveetil, Bindu K Vasu, Sunil Rajan, Suresh G Nair
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Premedication is an integral component of paediatric anaesthesia which, when optimal, allows comfortable separation of the child from the parent for induction and conduct of anaesthesia. Midazolam has been accepted as a safe and effective oral premedicant. Dexmedetomidine is a selective alpha-2 agonist with sedative and analgesic effects, which is effective through the transmucosal route. We compared the efficacy and safety of standard premedication with oral midazolam versus intranasal dexmedetomidine as premedication in children undergoing elective lower abdominal surgery...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243022/immediate-postoperative-intraocular-pressure-adjustment-reduces-risk-of-cystoid-macular-edema-after-uncomplicated-micro-incision-coaxial-phacoemulsification-cataract-surgery
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
John S Jarstad, Allison R Jarstad, Gary W Chung, Robert A Tester, Linda E Day
PURPOSE: To determine the accuracy of visual estimation of immediate postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) following microincision cataract surgery (MICS) and the effect of immediate postoperative IOP adjustment on prevention of cystoid macular edema (CME). SETTING: Ambulatory surgical center. METHODS: Prospective, randomized analysis of 170 eyes in 135 patients with MICS, performed in a Medicare approved outpatient ambulatory surgery center...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230012/safety-and-feasibility-within-24-h-of-discharge-in-patents-with-inoperable-malignant-lung-nodules-after-percutaneous-microwave-ablation
#18
Bin Li, Zhiwei Wang, Kang Zhou, Qinzong Gao, Xiaoguang Li
CONTEXT: Minimally invasive interventional therapy is now the more effective treatment strategy for organ-confined malignancy in patients who are poor candidates for surgery. Microwave ablation (MWA) in lung malignancy has been receiving much attention as an effective minimally invasive approach. AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and feasibility within 24 h of discharge of patients treated with percutaneous MWA for inoperable malignant lung nodules, and elucidate the factors predisposing to hospital readmission...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219315/near-peers-improve-patient-safety-training-in-the-preclinical-curriculum
#19
Sally R Raty, Cayla R Teal, Elizabeth A Nelson, Anne C Gill
BACKGROUND: Accrediting bodies require medical schools to teach patient safety and residents to develop teaching skills in patient safety. We created a patient safety course in the preclinical curriculum and used continuous quality improvement to make changes over time. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of resident teaching on student perceptions of a Patient Safety course. DESIGN: Using the Institute for Healthcare Improvement patient safety curriculum as a frame, the course included the seven IHI modules, large group lectures and small group facilitated discussions...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214666/reducing-medication-errors-teaching-strategies-that-increase-nursing-students-awareness-of-medication-errors-and-their-prevention
#20
EDITORIAL
Sharon Latimer, Jayne Hewitt, Rebecca Stanbrough, Ron McAndrew
Medication errors are a patient safety and quality of care issue. There is evidence to suggest many undergraduate nursing curricula do not adequately educate students about the factors that contribute to medication errors and possible strategies to prevent them. We designed and developed a suite of teaching strategies that raise students' awareness of medication error producing situations and their prevention.
February 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
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