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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235031/intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-and-its-association-with-preterm-birth-and-low-birth-weight-in-tanzania-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Geofrey Nimrod Sigalla, Declare Mushi, Dan Wolf Meyrowitsch, Rachel Manongi, Jane Januarius Rogathi, Tine Gammeltoft, Vibeke Rasch
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health problem that affects millions of women worldwide. The role of violence as an underlying factor in poor birth outcomes remains an area where strong evidence is lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the association between intimate partner violence (IPV) and preterm delivery (PTB) and low birth weight (LBW). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted among 1112 pregnant women attending antenatal care in Moshi-Tanzania...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234443/rape-beyond-crime
#2
Margo Kaplan
Public health experts agree that sexual violence constitutes a significant public health issue. Yet criminal law dominates rape law almost completely, with public health law playing at best a small supporting role. Recent civil law developments, such as university disciplinary proceedings, similarly fixate on how best to find and penalize perpetrators. As a result, rape law continues to spin its wheels in the same arguments and obstacles. This Article argues that, without broader cultural changes, criminal law faces a double bind: rape laws will either be ineffective or neglect the importance of individual culpability...
2017: Duke Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234203/trauma-type-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-as-predictors-of-parenting-stress-in-trauma-exposed-mothers
#3
Christina K Wilson, Elena Padrón, Kristin W Samuelson
Trauma exposure is associated with various parenting difficulties, but few studies have examined relationships between trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and parenting stress. Parenting stress is an important facet of parenting and mediates the relationship between parental trauma exposure and negative child outcomes (Owen, Thompson, & Kaslow, 2006). We examined trauma type (child maltreatment, intimate partner violence, community violence, and non-interpersonal traumas) and PTSD symptoms as predictors of parenting stress in a sample of 52 trauma-exposed mothers...
February 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234202/-if-i-can-t-have-you-nobody-will-explicit-threats-in-the-context-of-coercive-control
#4
T K Logan
Physical assault is only one tool in partner abuse characterized by coercive control. Coercive control creates an ongoing state of fear and chronic stress. Explicit threats are an important component of coercive control yet have received limited research attention. This study examined 210 women with protective orders (POs) against abusive (ex)partners and their experiences of explicit threats including threats of harm and death, threats about harming friends and family, and actual threats to friends and family...
February 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234196/examining-perpetration-of-physical-violence-by-women-the-influence-of-childhood-adversity-victimization-mental-illness-substance-abuse-and-anger
#5
Sheryl Kubiak, Gina Fedock, Woo Jong Kim, Deborah Bybee
Research on women's perpetration of physical violence has focused primarily on partners, often neglecting perpetration against nonpartners. This study proposes a conceptual model with direct and indirect relationships between childhood adversity and different targets of violence (partners and nonpartners), mediated by victimization experiences (by partner and nonpartners), mental illness, substance abuse, and anger. Using survey data from a random sample of incarcerated women (N = 574), structural equation modeling resulted in significant, albeit different, indirect paths from childhood adversity, through victimization, to perpetration of violence against partners (β = ...
February 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234195/the-impact-of-lifetime-victimization-and-polyvictimization-on-adolescents-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-mental-health-symptoms-and-gender-differences
#6
Katie Cyr, Claire Chamberland, Marie-Ève Clément, Jo-Anne Wemmers, Delphine Collin-Vézina, Geneviève Lessard, Marie-Hélène Gagné, Dominique Damant
This study documents lifetime experiences of victimizations, polyvictimization, and trauma symptoms among 1,400 adolescents from the province of Québec. The vast majority (81%) of adolescents were victimized during their lifetime, with most victims (82%) being the target of more than one form of victimization. Polyvictimization accounted for most variability in scores of depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and anger/ aggression compared to individual victimization categories. Sexual victimization and maltreatment still made an independent contribution in predicting all trauma scores once polyvictimization was considered...
February 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233019/factors-associated-with-self-rated-health-among-migrant-workers-results-from-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-almaty-kazakhstan
#7
Pam Kumparatana, Francine Cournos, Assel Terlikbayeva, Yelena Rozental, Louisa Gilbert
OBJECTIVES: To determine factors associated with SRH among migrant workers in Almaty, Kazakhstan. METHODS: In 2007, 805 vendors were screened. Approximately half were eligible (n =450), defined as at least 18 years old, a worker/owner in a randomly selected stall, having traveled 2 + hours outside of Almaty within the past year, and being an internal/external migrant. 28 non-migrants were excluded, leaving 422 participants. Logistic regression was used to examine the relationship between SRH, mental health, and psychosocial problems...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231854/methods-to-increase-reporting-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-in-surveys-the-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-face-to-face-interviews-versus-a-sealed-envelope-method-in-ugandan-primary-school-children
#8
Anna Louise Barr, Louise Knight, Ivan Franҫa-Junior, Elizabeth Allen, Dipak Naker, Karen M Devries
BACKGROUND: Underreporting of childhood sexual abuse is a major barrier to obtaining reliable prevalence estimates. We tested the sensitivity and specificity of the face-to-face-interview (FTFI) method by comparing the number of disclosures of forced sex against a more confidential mode of data collection, the sealed-envelope method (SEM). We also report on characteristics of individuals associated with non-disclosure in FTFIs. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2014, with n = 3843 children attending primary school in Luwero District, Uganda...
February 23, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230790/influence-of-chitosan-swelling-behaviour-on-controlled-release-of-tenofovir-from-mucoadhesive-vaginal-systems-for-prevention-of-sexual-transmission-of-hiv
#9
Fernando Notario-Pérez, Araceli Martín-Illana, Raúl Cazorla-Luna, Roberto Ruiz-Caro, Luis-Miguel Bedoya, Aitana Tamayo, Juan Rubio, María-Dolores Veiga
The main challenges facing efforts to prevent the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are the lack of access to sexual education services and sexual violence against young women and girls. Vaginal formulations for the prevention of sexually transmitted infections are currently gaining importance in drug development. Vaginal mucoadhesive tablets can be developed by including natural polymers that have good binding capacity with mucosal tissues, such as chitosan or guar gum, semisynthetic polymers such as hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose, or synthetic polymers such as Eudragit(®) RS...
February 21, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229843/-flagrant-of-a-clavicle-fracture-as-bullfight-injury
#10
Carlos Durão, Jorge Ramos
The Vila Franca de Xira Hospital is located in the region with the highest number of festivals and bullfighting activities of Portugal. As a natural consequence, the hospital ends up with a particular experience in the treatment of victims of bullfighting accidents. These are usually common people harvested in street celebrations during the traditional festivals of the region, but also workers such as cattle herders, foremen, ranchers and others who handle the wild cattle and in particular those who deal with the bulls, such as forcados, banderilleros, matadors and cavaleiros...
November 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229546/lessons-from-the-past-family-involvement-in-patient-admission-and-discharge-beechworth-lunatic-asylum-1900-1912
#11
Eileen Clark
In this study, document analysis is used to examine case books from the Beechworth Lunatic Asylum with the aim of determining the extent of family involvement in patients' admission and discharge. There were 420 male and 278 female patients admitted in the study period, with over half transferred from other Victorian asylums. Next of kin were identified for 64% of male and 84% of female patients. Families were involved in the admission of 52 (12%) male and 50 (18%) female patients, usually by bringing patients to the asylum or providing evidence of behavioural changes...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228515/intrafamily-and-intragenomic-conflicts-in-human-warfare
#12
Alberto J C Micheletti, Graeme D Ruxton, Andy Gardner
Recent years have seen an explosion of multidisciplinary interest in ancient human warfare. Theory has emphasized a key role for kin-selected cooperation, modulated by sex-specific demography, in explaining intergroup violence. However, conflicts of interest remain a relatively underexplored factor in the evolutionary-ecological study of warfare, with little consideration given to which parties influence the decision to go to war and how their motivations may differ. We develop a mathematical model to investigate the interplay between sex-specific demography and human warfare, showing that: the ecology of warfare drives the evolution of sex-biased dispersal; sex-biased dispersal modulates intrafamily and intragenomic conflicts in relation to warfare; intragenomic conflict drives parent-of-origin-specific patterns of gene expression-i...
February 22, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228473/violence-related-ambulance-call-outs-in-the-north-west-of-england-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-nature-extent-and-relationships-to-temporal-celebratory-and-sporting-events
#13
Zara Quigg, Ciara McGee, Karen Hughes, Simon Russell, Mark A Bellis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the potential of ambulance call-out data in understanding violence to inform about prevention activity. METHOD: This cross-sectional (2013-2015) study examined the nature, extent and characteristics of violence-related ambulance call-outs (n=15 687) across North West England and relationships with temporal, celebratory and sporting events. RESULTS: The majority of call-outs were for men, with a mean age of 33 years...
February 21, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226050/coping-with-child-violencein-primary-care-how-do-professionals-perceive-it
#14
Emiko Yoshikawa Egry, Maíra Rosa Apostólico, Teresa Christine Pereira Morais, Caroline Carapiá Ribas Lisboa
Objective: to know the perception of health professionals working in primary care about child violence, since this has increased progressively in the world, requiring every effort to intervene. Method: this is a qualitative, descriptive and exploratory study performed through interviews with professionals in primary care in a health district of São Paulo. The Alceste tool was used for analysis of data from the speeches. Results: perceptions of professionals point to the limits and difficulties of the care network with coping; need for intersectoral action; violence situations identified within the caresetting; and causes and effects of violence on child development...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226020/characteristics-of-the-violence-and-accidents-survey-conducted-in-brazilian-sentinel-emergency-departments
#15
Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Márcio Dênis Medeiros Mascarenhas, Cheila Marina Lima, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Rosane Aparecida Monteiro, Mariana Gonçalves de Freitas, Alice Cristina Medeiros Melo, Camila Alves Bahia, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal
The Violence and Accidents Survey Conducted in Sentinel Emergency Departments (VIVA Survey) is the sentinel surveillance component of the Violence and Accidents Surveillance System (VIVA). It was conducted for the first time in 2006 and again in 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2014. The sample is comprised of victims of accidents and violence treated in Emergency Departments linked to the Brazilian National Health System (SUS). The services are selected intentionally. This isfollowed by probability sampling of 12-hour shifts by conglomerates in single-stage selection...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225942/-health-inequalities-on-adolescents-risk-behavior-indicators-in-mexico-analysis-of-two-national-health-surveys
#16
Juan Pablo Gutiérrez, Sebastián García-Saisó, Rodrigo Espinosa-de la Peña, Dulce Alejandra Balandrán
Objective: To document socioeconomic health inequalities on adolescents' risk behaviors in Mexico using gap and gradient measures. Materials and methods: Analysis of the national health surveys 2000 and 2012 measuring absolute and relative gaps as well as the slope index of inequality for risk behavior indicators on adolescents using socioeconomic indicators and also measuring gaps for sex, urban/rural residency, and indigenous/non-indigenous population. Results: For sexual risk behaviors, inequalities are reflected in a lower probability of using protection at the first sexual intercourse among those living in households with lower income for women and men as well as higher probability of ever being pregnant for adolescents of lower income...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225908/intimate-partner-violence-reported-by-female-and-male-users-of-healthcare-units
#17
Claudia Renata Dos Santos Barros, Lilia Blima Schraiber
OBJECTIVE: To analyze nonfatal violence suffered and committed by adult men and women, in an intimate relationship. METHODS: The participants in the research were women aged between 15 and 49 years and men between 18 and 60 years, interviewed by face-to-face questionnaire application. The sample selection was of consecutive type, according to the order of arrival of the users. We conducted temporarily independent investigations and covered different health services to avoid couples and relationships in which the retaliation could be overvalued...
February 16, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225843/-poverty-and-mental-disability-in-the-criminal-law-the-invisibles
#18
Ezequiel N Mercurio
In recent decades neuroscience research show the negative consequences of poverty in cognitive development. Environmental factors, such as material deprivation, exposure to stressful situations, violence, nutritional deprivation, environmental toxins may shape the developing brain. The changes of the structure and function of the brain since prenatal stages and their consequences can remain stable throughout the life cycle except early interventions are made. Research investigating have found significant link between child poverty and function and structural brain focusing on prefrontal cortex (i...
May 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225658/lgbtq-part-2
#19
Tracy Perron, Connie Kartoz, Chaya Himelfarb
In addition to dealing with the normal challenges of being a teenager, many times LGBTQ youth have to deal with harassment, intimidation, and bullying on a daily basis as they disproportionately experience verbal and physical harassment while in school as a result of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. This violence adversely affects these students' health and well-being as reflected in the depression and suicide rate among LGBTQ youth. As Part 2 of a series in articles on caring for LGBTQ youth in a school setting, this article reviews specific health risks in this group of students...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222974/primary-health-care-attributes-and-responses-to-intimate-partner-violence-in-spain
#20
Isabel Goicolea, Paola Mosquera, Erica Briones-Vozmediano, Laura Otero-García, Marta García-Quinto, Carmen Vives-Cases
OBJECTIVE: This study provides an overview of the perceptions of primary care professionals on how the current primary health care (PHC) attributes in Spain could influence health-related responses to intimate partner violence (IPV). METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted using semi-structured interviews with 160 health professionals working in 16 PHC centres in Spain. Data were analysed using a qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Four categories emerged from the interview analysis: those committed to the PHC approach, but with difficulties implementing it; community work relying on voluntarism; multidisciplinary team work or professionals who work together?; and continuity of care hindered by heavy work load...
February 18, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
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