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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909168/intimate-partner-violence-in-madrid-a-time-series-analysis-2008-2016
#1
Belén Sanz-Barbero, Cristina Linares, Carmen Vives-Cases, José Luis González, Juan José López-Ossorio, Julio Díaz
PURPOSE: This study analyzes whether there are time patterns in different intimate partner violence (IPV) indicators and aims to obtain models that can predict the behavior of these time series. METHODS: Univariate autoregressive moving average models were used to analyze the time series corresponding to the number of daily calls to the 016 telephone IPV helpline and the number of daily police reports filed in the Community of Madrid during the period 2008-2015...
June 2, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909013/impact-and-prevalence-of-physical-and-verbal-violence-toward-healthcare-workers
#2
Lisa J Rosenthal, Ashley Byerly, Adrienne D Taylor, Zoran Martinovich
BACKGROUND: Threatening and assaultive behaviors against healthcare workers is a growing national concern.1,2,3 To assess the incidence and impact of aggression against healthcare workers, a safety and quality improvement project was initiated in an academic, tertiary care, and urban hospital. METHODS: Through the Northwestern Academy of Quality and Safety Initiatives program, an invitation to complete an online survey was sent to healthcare workers. The survey inquired about prevalence, location, and type of experience of physical or verbal abuse by patients or families...
May 9, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908715/some-neuroanatomical-insights-to-impulsive-aggression-in-schizophrenia
#3
REVIEW
Marcel P Leclerc, Christina Regenbogen, Roy H Hamilton, Ute Habel
Patients with schizophrenia are at increased risk of engaging in violence towards others, compared to both the general population and most other patient groups. We have here explored the role of cortico-limbic impairments in schizophrenia, and have considered these brain regions specifically within the framework of a popular neuroanatomical model of impulsive aggression. In line with this model, evidence in patients with aggressive schizophrenia implicated structural deficits associated with impaired decision-making, emotional control and evaluation, and social information processing, especially in the orbitofrontal and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex...
June 13, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907128/protecting-adolescents-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-from-interpersonal-violence-pro-youth-trial-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-strengthening-families-programme-10-14-familias-fuertes-in-panama
#4
Anilena Mejia, Richard Emsley, Eleonora Fichera, Wadih Maalouf, Jeremy Segrott, Rachel Calam
BACKGROUND: Interpersonal violence can significantly reduce adolescents' opportunities for becoming happy and healthy adults. Central America is the most violent region in the world and it is estimated that adolescents are involved in 82% of all homicides in this region. Family skills training programmes have been designed to prevent interpersonal violence in adolescents. Several studies in high-income countries suggest they are effective. However, there are no published trials assessing effectiveness of these programmes in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC)...
June 15, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907078/servicemen-s-perceptions-of-male-sexual-assault-and-barriers-to-reporting-during-active-component-and-reserve-national-guard-military-service
#5
Anne G Sadler, Ann M Cheney, Michelle A Mengeling, Brenda M Booth, James C Torner, Lance Brendan Young
Despite growing recognition of the high rates of sexual violence experienced by men serving in the U.S. military, male victimization, specifically sexual assault in military (SAIM), is an understudied topic. We qualitatively describe servicemen's awareness and perceptions of male SAIM, and their understanding of common barriers to servicemen reporting sexual assault. Participants included Midwestern Active Component and Reserve and National Guard servicemen, actively serving or Veteran, who had returned from Iraq or Afghanistan deployments during Operation Enduring/Iraqi Freedom eras...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905919/sexual-behaviors-experiences-of-sexual-violence-and-substance-use-among-women-who-inject-drugs-accessing-health-and-prevention-services-in-puerto-rico
#6
Erika M Collazo-Vargas, Brian Dodge, Debby Herbenick, Lucia Guerra-Reyes, Rasul Mowatt, Ilia M Otero-Cruz, Carlos Rodríguez-Díaz
OBJECTIVE: People who inject drugs (PWID) face numerous gender-specific health risks, which increase their susceptibility to adverse outcomes, including violence. There is a need for research on female PWID to capture their unique experiences and understand behavioral and gender-based differences. This study aimed to understand which drug use and sexual behaviors are the most prevalent among female PWID accessing health services in Puerto Rico and to gather preliminary information on those individuals' experiences of sexual violence...
June 2018: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905861/evaluation-of-a-mobile-approach-to-gender-based-violence-service-delivery-among-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon
#7
Pamela Lilleston, Liliane Winograd, Spogmay Ahmed, Dounia Salamé, Dayana Al Alam, Kirsten Stoebenau, Ilaria Michelis, Sunita Palekar Joergensen
As the landscape of humanitarian response shifts from camp-based to urban- and informal-tented settlement-based responses, service providers and policymakers must consider creative modes for delivering health services. Psychosocial support and case management can be life-saving services for refugee women and girls who are at increased risk for physical, sexual and psychological gender-based violence (GBV). However, these services are often unavailable in non-camp refugee settings. We evaluated an innovative mobile service delivery model for GBV response and mitigation implemented by the International Rescue Committee (IRC) in Lebanon...
June 13, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905663/decreases-in-suicide-cognitions-after-cognitive-processing-therapy-among-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-due-to-military-sexual-trauma-a-preliminary-examination
#8
Ryan Holliday, Nicholas Holder, Lindsey L Monteith, Alina Surís
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with suicidal ideation (SI) and suicidal self-directed violence (SDV). Military sexual trauma (MST) is a common precursor to PTSD among veterans. Survivors of MST are more likely to be diagnosed with PTSD and are at greater risk for SI than survivors of other forms of trauma. Suicide-specific beliefs (e.g., unlovability, unbearability, unsolvability) have been shown to be strong predictors of SI and future suicidal SDV. Suicide-specific beliefs were examined over the course of treatment and follow-up in 32 veterans (23 women, 9 men) who received cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for MST-related PTSD...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905661/types-of-trauma-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-academic-performance-in-a-population-of-university-students
#9
Juliana L Pereira, Gisela Maria Guedes-Carneiro, Liana R Netto, Patrícia Cavalcanti-Ribeiro, Sidnei Lira, José F Nogueira, Carlos A Teles, Karestan C Koenen, Aline S Sampaio, Lucas C Quarantini
The aim of this work was to investigate the association between traumatic experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with the academic performance of university students. This is a one-phase study that included 2213 students, enrolled at one of seven college institutions in their first or final semesters in all programs, who filled out the self-response questionnaires. From this student population, 14% presented with PTSD, with 13.3% in their first semester and 14.9% in their final semester. The students who presented lower academic results (low scoring) had a higher prevalence of PTSD in both the first and final semesters...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905502/hiv-risk-characteristics-associated-with-violence-against-women-a-longitudinal-study-among-women-in-the-united-states
#10
Brooke E E Montgomery, Paula M Frew, James P Hughes, Jing Wang, Adaora A Adimora, Danielle F Haley, Irene Kuo, Larissa Jennings, Nabila El-Bassel, Sally L Hodder
BACKGROUND: Using data from HIV Prevention Trials Network 064, a multisite, observational cohort study conducted to estimate HIV incidence rates among women living in areas of high poverty and HIV prevalence in the United States, we examined the use of HIV risk characteristics to predict emotional abuse, physical violence, and forced sex. METHODS: Participants included 2099 women, 18-44 years of age, who reported unprotected vaginal or anal sex with a male partner and an additional personal or perceived male partner HIV risk characteristic in the past 6 months...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904232/prevalence-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-thailand
#11
Montakarn Chuemchit, Suttharuethai Chernkwanma, Rewat Rugkua, Laddawan Daengthern, Pajaree Abdullakasim, Saskia E Wieringa
There is no recent national data on the prevalence of intimate partner violence in Thailand. This study proposed to examine the prevalence of intimate partner violence in 4 regions of Thailand by using a standardized questionnaire from the WHO multi country study on women's health and domestic violence. Two thousand four hundred and sixty-two married or cohabiting women aged 20-59 years were interviewed about their experiences of psychologically, physically, sexually violent, and/or controlling behaviors by their male partners ...
2018: Journal of Family Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902985/prevalence-and-determinants-of-antepartum-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-expectant-mothers-and-fathers-results-from-a-perinatal-psychiatric-morbidity-cohort-study-in-the-east-and-west-coasts-of-malaysia
#12
Hashima E Nasreen, Jamalludin Ab Rahman, Razman Mohd Rus, Mira Kartiwi, Rosnah Sutan, Maigun Edhborg
BACKGROUND: Research on antepartum psychiatric morbidities investigating depressive and anxiety symptoms in expectant mothers and fathers is lacking in low- and middle-income countries. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of antepartum depressive, anxiety and co-occurring significant symptoms and explore the associated factors in a cross-section of Malaysian expectant mothers and fathers. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from a prospective cohort study of 911 expectant mothers and 587 expectant fathers during their third trimester of pregnancy, from health clinics of two states in the east and west coasts of Malaysia...
June 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902350/the-health-care-risk-of-workplace-violence
#13
EDITORIAL
Faye Sheppard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2018: Journal of Healthcare Risk Management: the Journal of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902217/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-impact-of-safe-on-spousal-violence-against-women-and-girls-in-slums-of-dhaka-bangladesh
#14
Ruchira Tabassum Naved, Mahfuz Al Mamun, Sanjida Akhter Mourin, Kausar Parvin
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh reports one of the highest rates of intimate partner violence (IPV) in the world. Despite wide recognition of IPV as an important public health and human rights issue, evidence for IPV prevention is still inadequate. Lack of guidance on effective IPV prevention in Bangladesh resulted in targeting only women in most of the programmes. METHODS: This paper assesses impact of SAFE, a 20-month intervention (March 2012 to October 2013) in slums of Dhaka on IPV and tests effectiveness of female only groups vs...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902162/youth-risk-behavior-surveillance-united-states-2017
#15
Laura Kann, Tim McManus, William A Harris, Shari L Shanklin, Katherine H Flint, Barbara Queen, Richard Lowry, David Chyen, Lisa Whittle, Jemekia Thornton, Connie Lim, Denise Bradford, Yoshimi Yamakawa, Michelle Leon, Nancy Brener, Kathleen A Ethier
PROBLEM: Health-risk behaviors contribute to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among youth and adults in the United States. In addition, significant health disparities exist among demographic subgroups of youth defined by sex, race/ethnicity, and grade in school and between sexual minority and nonsexual minority youth. Population-based data on the most important health-related behaviors at the national, state, and local levels can be used to help monitor the effectiveness of public health interventions designed to protect and promote the health of youth at the national, state, and local levels...
June 15, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901709/safety-fears-held-by-caregivers-about-relatives-with-psychiatric-disorders
#16
Travis Labrum, Phyllis Solomon
In this period of post-deinstitutionalization, much of the care for people with severe psychiatric disorders (PD) is provided by their families. A primary stressor for caregivers is fears regarding their own safety and that of others, which has been virtually unexplored. To fill this gap, factors in three domains were assessed: (1) relatives with PD, (2) family caregivers, and (3) interactions with each other. This investigation was a secondary analysis of data obtained from a national survey of caregivers of adults with mental illness conducted by the National Alliance for Caregiving...
June 13, 2018: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900616/the-role-of-acceptance-of-violence-beliefs-and-social-information-processing-on-dating-violence-perpetration
#17
Liria Fernández-González, Esther Calvete, Izaskun Orue
This study's main objective was to explore whether beliefs legitimizing dating violence predict dysfunctional social information processing (SIP) when adolescents deal with ambiguous dating situations, and whether this more proximal cognitive processing acts as a mediator between acceptance of violence beliefs and dating violence perpetration. Participants were 855 high school students who completed self-report measures at three time points, with a 1-year interval between them. SIP did not act as a mediator, but the emergence of anger emotions in dating conflict situations, along with aggression-justifying beliefs, were revealed as essential in explaining dating violence...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899386/partnering-with-youth-in-community-based-participatory-research-to-address-violence-prevention
#18
Benjamin J Oldfield, Barbara J Tinney, James M Dodington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898708/-doing-hymen-reconstruction-an-analysis-of-perceptions-and-experiences-of-flemish-gynaecologists
#19
Els Leye, Emilomo Ogbe, Maaike Heyerick
BACKGROUND: Hymen reconstruction (HR) involves the restoration of the hymeneal membrane's gross anatomical integrity. Among the medical profession, hymen reconstruction receives particular attention and its necessity is debated because the surgery is not medically indicated, and often reveals conflicting social norms on virginity and marriageability between health professionals and their patients. The focus of this paper is not to address the many open questions that the ethics and politics around HR reveal, but rather aims at contributing to the much-needed empirical evidence...
June 13, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898351/experiences-influencing-upon-the-significance-of-obstetric-care-in-mexican-nurses
#20
Consuelo Martínez Villa, Yesica Rangel Flores
OBJECTIVES: This work sought to learn which and how are the professional experiences that influence upon significance processes of obstetric care in nurses working in toco-surgery rooms. METHODS: This was a qualitative study with grounded theory approach. Individual interviews were conducted with 16 nurses who work in two public hospitals in a border city in northern Mexico. Data analysis was performed according to that proposed by Strauss and Corbin. RESULTS: Four categories were identified that explain the relationship established among the professional experiences and the significance processes of obstetric care; these are: Dilution of borders and demand for interculturality, Modification in the scale of values associated to care, Institutional and public policy crises, and Violence endured within the work setting...
February 2018: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
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