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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236236/the-co-evolution-of-bullying-perpetration-homophobic-teasing-and-a-school-friendship-network
#1
Gabriel J Merrin, Kayla de la Haye, Dorothy L Espelage, Brett Ewing, Joan S Tucker, Matthew Hoover, Harold D Green
Bullying and homophobic teasing behaviors affect the lives of many school aged children, often co-occur, and tend to peak in middle school. While bullying and homophobic teasing behaviors are known to be peer group phenomena, studies typically examine the associations at the individual or school levels. An examination of these behaviors at the peer group level can aid in our understanding of the formation and maintenance of peer groups that engage in these forms of aggressive behavior (selection), and the extent to which friends and the peer group impact individual rates of these aggressive behaviors (influence)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236188/contributors-to-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-incarcerated-youth
#2
Larkin Street McReynolds, Gail Wasserman, Elise Ozbardakci
BACKGROUND: Despite elevations in risks associated with self-injurious behavior among community adolescents, the degree to which these features are associated with self-injury among incarcerated youth has rarely been examined. Although the DSM-5 recently proposed a distinct category of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), most studies of youths in forensic settings have not distinguished between subtypes of self-harming individuals. METHODS: Demographic, offense, and disorder contributors to NSSI in incarcerated youths of both genders (N = 358) were examined via a computerized self-report instrument (VISA), largely consistent with DSM-5...
December 13, 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234506/newspaper-depictions-of-mental-and-physical-health
#3
Marian Chen, Stephen Lawrie
Aims and method Media portrayals of mental illness have long been recognised as being misleading and stigmatising. Following the campaigns of several advocacy groups to address this issue, we aimed to evaluate the impact on mental health reporting over time. We repeated a survey we did 15 years ago using the same methods. Nine UK daily newspapers were surveyed over a 4-week period and coded with a schema to analyse the reporting of mental health compared with physical health. Results In total, 963 articles - 200 on mental health and 763 on physical health - were identified...
December 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233697/retrospective-analysis-of-471-surgically-treated-zygomaticomaxillary-complex-fractures
#4
Michael Blumer, Sabina Kumalic, Thomas Gander, Martin Lanzer, Claudio Rostetter, Martin Rücker, Heinz-Theo Lübbers
PURPOSE: Zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures are frequent in facial trauma; only fractures of the mandible are more common. Although the frequency of these fractures is geographically consistent, the aetiology differs widely among countries and even regions. Differences in socio-economic status and the ageing population seem to be two causes. This retrospective epidemiological study evaluates patients who were surgically treated for ZMC fractures at a Swiss university clinic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 471 patients who were surgically treated for ZMC fractures in an oral and maxillofacial surgery clinic at a Swiss university hospital between January 2004 and December 2012...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233579/why-do-certain-primary-health-care-teams-respond-better-to-intimate-partner-violence-than-others-a-multiple-case-study
#5
Isabel Goicolea, Bruno Marchal, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Carmen Vives-Cases, Erica Briones-Vozmediano, Miguel San Sebastián
OBJECTIVE: To analyse how team level conditions influenced health care professionals' responses to intimate partner violence. METHODS: We used a multiple embedded case study. The cases were four primary health care teams located in a southern region of Spain; two of them considered "good" and two s "average". The two teams considered good had scored highest in practice issues for intimate partner violence, measured via a questionnaire (PREMIS - Physicians Readiness to Respond to Intimate Partner Violence Survey) applied to professionals working in the four primary health care teams...
December 9, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233516/editorial-overview-aggression-and-violence
#6
EDITORIAL
Brad J Bushman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233201/intergenerational-transmission-of-violence-the-mediating-role-of-adolescent-psychopathology-symptoms
#7
Sabina Low, Stacey S Tiberio, Joann Wu Shortt, Carrie Mulford, J Mark Eddy, Deborah M Capaldi
Evidence on the intergenerational continuity of intimate partner violence (IPV) suggests small to moderate associations between childhood exposure and young adult IPV involvement, suggesting an indirect effects model. Yet, few prospective studies have formally tested meditational mechanisms. The current study tested a prospective (over 9 years) moderated-mediational model in which adolescent psychopathology symptoms (i.e., internalizing, externalizing, and combined) mediated the association between exposure to IPV in middle childhood and young adult IPV perpetration...
December 13, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233167/interventions-for-domestic-violence-among-pregnant-women-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-protocol
#8
Diksha Sapkota, Kathleen Baird, Amornrat Saito, Debra Anderson
BACKGROUND: Violence during pregnancy is a global problem, associated with serious health risks for both the mother and baby. Evaluation of interventions targeted for reducing or controlling domestic violence (DV) is still in its infancy, and the majority of findings are primarily from high-income countries (HICs). Therefore, there is an urgent need for generating evidence of DV interventions among pregnant women in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines will be employed to structure the review...
December 12, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231788/the-2018-inter-agency-field-manual-on-reproductive-health-in-humanitarian-settings-revising-the-global-standards
#9
Angel M Foster, Dabney P Evans, Melissa Garcia, Sarah Knaster, Sandra Krause, Therese McGinn, Sarah Rich, Meera Shah, Hannah Tappis, Erin Wheeler
Since the 1990s, the Inter-agency field manual on reproductive health in humanitarian settings (IAFM) has provided authoritative guidance on reproductive health service provision during different phases of complex humanitarian emergencies. In 2018, the Inter-Agency Working Group on Reproductive Health in Crises will release a new edition of this global resource. In this article, we describe the collaborative and inter-sectoral revision process and highlight major changes in the 2018 IAFM. Key revisions to the manual include repositioning unintended pregnancy prevention within and explicitly incorporating safe abortion care into the Minimum Initial Service Package (MISP) chapter, which outlines a set of priority activities to be implemented at the outset of a humanitarian crisis; stronger guidance on the transition from the MISP to comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services; and the addition of a logistics chapter...
December 12, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231071/the-mental-health-of-married-immigrant-women-in-south-korea-and-its-risk-and-protective-factors-a-literature-review
#10
Yeeun Lee, Subin Park
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Married immigrant women in South Korea undergo a wide array of psychosocial challenges in the process of adapting to a new culture and marriage with a Korean husband. For an integrative understanding of women's mental health status and to determine the key risk and protective factors, we systematically reviewed empirical articles about the mental health of married immigrant women. METHODS: We searched and reviewed articles from nine online databases: PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO, Embase, DBpia, KISS, KMbase, KoreaMed and RISS, which were published up until January 2017...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231027/-research-progress-on-forensic-dentistry
#11
REVIEW
F Liu, Y H Dang
Forensic dentistry is an interdiscipline of forensic medicine and stomatology, which provides legal information by collecting, testing and assessing the dental evidence scientifically. In this review, the present application of forensic dentistry has been described, such as the estimation of age, sex, species, occupation and living habit, as well as the identification of individual, domestic violence or abuse, which aims to enrich and improve forensic dentistry for making it be more useful in forensic medicine even in juridical practice...
April 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231005/-application-of-moas-for-evaluating-of-violence-risk-in-the-inpatients-with-mental-disorders
#12
J F He, W Hong, Y Shao, H Q Han, B Xie
OBJECTIVES: To explore the value of Modified Overt Aggression Scale (MOAS) on predicting serious aggressive behavior in the inpatients with mental disorders and to provide theoretical basis for violence risk assessments in the inpatients with mental disorders. METHODS: Total 918 inpatients in a psychiatric hospital were evaluated by trained medical workers using MOAS in September 2009, and their serious violent behavior were followed up for 2 years. The value of MOAS on predicting violence in the inpatients with mental disorders was analyzed by SPSS 21...
February 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230558/psychiatric-comorbidity-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-who-inject-drugs-in-europe-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Judit Tirado-Muñoz, Gail Gilchrist, Gabriele Fischer, Avril Taylor, Jacek Moskalewicz, Cinzia Giammarchi, Birgit Köchl, Alison Munro, Katarzyna Dąbrowska, April Shaw, Lucia Di Furia, Isabella Leeb, Caroline Hopf, Marta Torrens
Women who inject drugs (WWID) are an especially vulnerable group of drug users. This study determined the prevalence of psychiatric comorbidity and intimate partrner violence (IPV), and factors associated with psychiatric comorbidity among WWID recruited from drug treatment services (67%) and harm reduction services in five European regions in Austria, Catalonia, Italy, Poland, and Scotland. Psychiatric comorbidity was assessed among 226 WWID using the Dual Diagnosis Screening Instrument. IPV was assessed using the Composite Abuse Scale and injecting and sexual risk behaviors were assessed using a battery of questionnaires adapted and developed for the study...
December 11, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230341/pancreatic-laceration-in-a-pediatric-patient-an-unexpected-diagnosis
#14
Michelle J Hong, Lauren M Porter, Debra D Esernio-Jenssen, Andrew C Miller, Marna Rayl Greenberg
Pediatric pancreatic injuries are rare. We present an atypical case that occurred in a 4-year-old male. The child presented with a twenty-four-hour history of vomiting that had progressed to right lower quadrant abdominal pain on examination in the emergency department. The initial differential was gastroenteritis versus appendicitis. An abnormality on the ultrasonography and an elevated lipase level eventually led to an MRI showing a complete transection through the posterior margin of the pancreas. The patient was admitted to pediatric surgery and underwent a successful distal pancreatectomy with preservation of the spleen...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230318/reducing-ptsd-symptoms-through-a-gender-norms-and-economic-empowerment-intervention-to-reduce-intimate-partner-violence-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#15
J Annan, K Falb, D Kpebo, M Hossain, J Gupta
Background: Women living in war-affected contexts face high levels of gender-based violence, including intimate partner violence (Stark & Ager, 2011). Despite well-documented negative consequences, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (Garcia-Moreno et al. 2006; Steel et al. 2009), evidence remains thin regarding intervention effectiveness to mitigate consequences in these settings. Methods: This study used a two-armed parallel pilot randomized controlled trial to compare the impact of a group savings only (control) to gender dialogue groups added to group savings (treatment) on women's symptoms of PTSD in northwestern Côte d'Ivoire...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230317/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-universal-screening-and-referral-protocol-for-gender-based-violence-with-women-seeking-care-in-health-clinics-in-dadaab-refugee-camps-in-kenya
#16
A Vu, A L Wirtz, S Bundgaard, A Nair, G Luttah, S Ngugi, N Glass
Background: Gender-based violence (GBV) is both a global public health problem and violation of human rights. Refugees and internally displaced persons experience an increased risk of GBV and health outcomes associated with GBV are often exacerbated in conflict settings. Methods: A mixed methods study to examine the feasibility and acceptability of universal screening for GBV in a refugee population in the Dadaab refugee camp of Kenya, using the ASIST-GBV from January to July 2015...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230315/latent-class-analysis-of-violence-against-adolescents-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-refugee-settings-in-uganda-and-rwanda
#17
S R Meyer, G Yu, S Hermosilla, L Stark
Background: Little is known about violence against children in refugee camps and settlements, and the evidence-base concerning mental health outcomes of youth in refugee settings in low and middle-income countries is similarly small. Evidence is needed to understand patterns of violence against children in refugee camps, and associations with adverse mental health outcomes. Methods: Surveys were conducted with adolescent refugees (aged 13-17) in two refugee contexts - Kiziba Camp, Rwanda (n = 129) (refugees from Democratic Republic of Congo) and Adjumani and Kiryandongo refugee settlements, Uganda (n = 471) (refugees from South Sudan)...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230314/testing-the-effectiveness-of-a-transdiagnostic-treatment-approach-in-reducing-violence-and-alcohol-abuse-among-families-in-zambia-study-protocol-of-the-violence-and-alcohol-treatment-vatu-trial
#18
J C Kane, S Skavenski Van Wyk, S M Murray, P Bolton, F Melendez, C K Danielson, P Chimponda, S Munthali, L K Murray
Background: Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is an urgent global health problem. Root causes for VAWG include the individual- and family-level factors of alcohol abuse, mental health problems, violence exposure, and related adverse experiences. Few studies in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) have assessed the effectiveness of psychological interventions for reducing VAWG. This randomized controlled trial, part of the What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls consortium, examines the effectiveness of a common elements treatment approach (CETA) for reducing VAWG and comorbid alcohol abuse among families in Zambia...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230309/alcohol-use-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-and-their-partners-in-sub-saharan-africa
#19
M C Greene, J C Kane, W A Tol
Background: Alcohol use is a well-documented risk factor for intimate partner violence (IPV); however, the majority of research comes from high-income countries. Methods: Using nationally representative data from 86 024 women that participated in the Demographic and Health Surveys, we evaluated the relationship between male partner alcohol use and experiencing IPV in 14 countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Using multilevel mixed-effects models, we calculated the within-country, between-country, and contextual effects of alcohol use on IPV...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230306/cultural-shift-in-mental-illness-a-comparison-of-stress-responses-in-world-war-i-and-the-vietnam-war
#20
Rasjid Skinner, Paul M Kaplick
Objectives: Post-traumatic stress disorder is an established diagnostic category. In particular, over the past 20 years, there has been an interest in culture as a fundamental factor in post-traumatic stress disorder symptom manifestation. However, only a very limited portion of this literature studies the historical variability of post-traumatic stress within a particular culture. Design: Therefore, this study examines whether stress responses to violence associated with armed conflicts have been a culturally stable reaction in Western troops...
December 2017: JRSM Open
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