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Resveratrol AND Mitochondria

Antonietta Rosella Farina, Lucia Cappabianca, Luciana Gneo, Pierdomenico Ruggeri, Andrew Reay Mackay
Alternative TrkAIII splicing characterises advanced stage metastatic disease and post-therapeutic relapse in neuroblastoma (NB), and in NB models TrkAIII exhibits oncogenic activity. In this study, we report a novel role for TrkAIII in signaling ER stress to the mitochondria in SH-SY5Y NB cells that results in glycolytic metabolic adaptation. The ER stress-inducing agents DTT, A23187 and thapsigargin activated the ER stress-response in control pcDNA SH-SY5Y and TrkAIII expressing SH-SY5Y cells and in TrkAIII SH-SY5Y cells increased TrkAIII targeting to mitochondria and internalisation into inner-mitochondrial membranes...
February 2, 2018: Oncotarget
Jaroslava Folbergrová, Pavel Ješina, Hana Kubová, Jakub Otáhal
The presence of oxidative stress in immature brain has been demonstrated during the acute phase of status epilepticus (SE). The knowledge regarding the long periods of survival after SE is not unequivocal, lacking direct evidence. To examine the presence and time profile of oxidative stress, its functional effect on mitochondria and the influence of an antioxidant treatment in immature rats during epileptogenesis, status epilepticus (SE) was induced in immature 12-day-old rats by Li-pilocarpine and at selected periods of the epileptogenesis; rat pups were subjected to examinations...
February 9, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
Fang Dai, Qi Wang, Gui-Juan Fan, Yu-Ting Du, Bo Zhou
This study was aimed at understanding why dietary polyphenols with a catechol skeleton tend to exhibit cancer chemopreventive activity by using a catechol-type stilbene (3,4-DHS) as a model molecule. Only a short-term cooperation of 3,4-DHS and exogenous Cu(II) exhibited a strong preferential ability to kill HepG2 cells over normal L02 cells. Mechanism studies reveal that this 3,4-DHS/Cu(II) system could produce extracellularly reactive oxygen species (ROS) and o-quinone through two sequential proton loss electron transfer followed by diffusion of ROS into cells, leading to higher intracellular accumulation of ROS, preferential disruption of redox homeostasis and more effective mitochondria-dependent apoptosis as well as necrosis of HepG2 cells than L-02 cells...
June 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Yi Zhang, Xiao-Ran Li, Le Zhao, Guang-Ling Duan, Lin Xiao, He-Ping Chen
Resveratrol has been demonstrated to have cardioprotective effects by attenuating ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced oxidative stress injury, but its in-depth molecular mechanisms against I/R-induced oxidative stress is not fully elaborated. DJ-1 plays a role in maintenance of mitochondrial complex I activity and is closely associated with oxidative stress. Therefore, this study sought to determine the contribution of DJ-1-mediated maintenance of mitochondrial complex I activity to the anti-oxidative stress effect of Resveratrol in the H9c2 cardiomyocytes subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)...
December 26, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Qian Zhou, Xiaolong Fu, Xueting Wang, Qin Wu, Yuanfu Lu, Jingshan Shi, James E Klaunig, Shaoyu Zhou
Excessive environmental or occupational exposure to manganese (Mn) is associated with increased risk of neuron degenerative disorders. Oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction are the main mechanisms of Mn mediated neurotoxicity. Selective removal of damaged mitochondria by autophagy has been proposed as a protective mechanism against neuronal toxicant-induced neurotoxicity. Whether autophagic flux plays a role in Mn-induced cytotoxicity remains to be fully elucidated. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of Mn exposure on autophagy, and how modulation of autophagic flux alters the sensitivities of cells to Mn-elicited cytotoxicity...
February 1, 2018: Toxicology
Xuecong Ren, Li Chen, Jing Xie, Zhifeng Zhang, Gengting Dong, Jie Liang, Liang Liu, Hua Zhou, Pei Luo
Resveratrol is widely known for its antiaging properties and exerts cardiovascular protective effects in different experimental models. The role of resveratrol in regulating mitochondrial functions and dynamics during the cardiac aging process remains poorly understood. In this study, the effects of resveratrol on mitochondrial morphology and mitochondrial depolarization and on expressions of Drp1, parkin, PINK1, and LC3 were investigated in H9c2 cells after D-galactose treatment that induced senescent-like cardiomyocytes...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Jiro Abe, Yuma Yamada, Atsuhito Takeda, Hideyoshi Harashima
It has been reported that transplanting native cells would lack efficiency without producing artificial cell-tissue, due to the exaggerated oxidative stress in doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy. We attempted to activate cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) by delivering resveratrol to mitochondria using a mitochondrial drug delivery system (MITO-Porter system). We first evaluated the viability of H9c2 cells (a cardio myoblast cell line) after doxorubicin treatment, where H9c2 cells were co-cultured with or without the mitochondria activated CPCs (referred to herein as MITO cell)...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Suresh Kumar Anandasadagopan, Naveen M Singh, Haider Raza, Seema Bansal, Venkatesh Selvaraj, Shilpee Singh, Anindya Roy Chowdhury, Nicolae Adrian Leu, Narayan G Avadhani
A number of xenobiotic-inducible cytochrome P450s (CYPs) are now known to be localized in the mitochondrial compartment, though their pharmacological or toxicological roles remain unclear. Here, we show that BNF treatment markedly inhibits liver mitochondrial O2 consumption rate (OCR), ADP-dependent OCR, and also reserve OCR, in wild-type mice but not in Cyp1a1/1a2(-/-) double knockout mice. BNF treatment markedly affected mitochondrial complex I and complex IV activities and also attenuated mitochondrial gene expression...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Sanjay Kumar, James Stokes, Udai P Singh, Karyn Scissum-Gunn, Rajesh Singh, Upender Manne, Manoj K Mishra
Nitric oxide, a signaling molecule, inhibits mitochondrial respiration by binding with cytochrome c oxidase, resulting in elevated production of reactive superoxide species (reactive oxygen and nitrogen) in the mitochondria and increased susceptibility to cell death. Generation of mitochondrial superoxide species can be suppressed by natural compounds such as resveratrol, a dietary polyphenol found in the skin of red fruits. In various cancer cells, resveratrol shows anti-oxidant and cancer preventive properties...
October 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Corina T Madreiter-Sokolowski, Armin A Sokolowski, Wolfgang F Graier
The naturally occurring polyphenol, resveratrol (RSV), is known for a broad range of actions. These include a positive impact on lifespan and health, but also pro-apoptotic anti-cancer properties. Interestingly, cell culture experiments have revealed a strong impact of RSV on mitochondrial function. The compound was demonstrated to affect mitochondrial respiration, structure and mass of mitochondria as well as mitochondrial membrane potential and, ultimately, mitochondria-associated cell death pathways. Notably, the mitochondrial effects of RSV show a very strict and remarkable concentration dependency: At low concentrations, RSV (<50 μM) fosters cellular antioxidant defense mechanisms, activates AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)- and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1)-linked pathways and enhances mitochondrial network formation...
October 13, 2017: Nutrients
Wen-Jin Chen, Jian-Kui Du, Xing Hu, Qing Yu, Dong-Xia Li, Chang-Nan Wang, Xiao-Yan Zhu, Yu-Jian Liu
Growing evidence suggests that inflammatory processes may be involved in depressive disorders. Inflammation is known to induce mitochondrial dysfunction in the nervous system. However, whether mitochondrial dysfunction is involved in the occurrence of inflammation-induced depressive-like behavior remains to be investigated. The present study aims to firstly, clarify whether mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced depression-like behavior in mice and secondly, determine whether the anti-oxidant resveratrol alleviates inflammation-induced depressive-like behavior through the prevention of mitochondrial dysfunction in the hippocampus...
December 1, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
Andrew S Layne, Lisa M Krehbiel, Robert T Mankowski, Stephen D Anton, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Marco Pahor, Bhanuprasad Sandesara, Samuel S Wu, Thomas W Buford
Skeletal muscle mitochondrial function declines with age and is a key factor in the maintenance of physical function among older adults. Research studies from animals and humans have consistently demonstrated that exercise improves skeletal muscle mitochondrial function in early and middle adulthood. However, mitochondrial adaptations to both acute and chronic exercise are attenuated in late life. Thus, there is an important need to identify adjuvant therapies capable of augmenting mitochondrial adaptations to exercise (e...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
Boel De Paepe, Rudy Van Coster
In human cells, mitochondria provide the largest part of cellular energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate generated by the process of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS). Impaired OXPHOS activity leads to a heterogeneous group of inherited diseases for which therapeutic options today remain very limited. Potential innovative strategies aim to ameliorate mitochondrial function by increasing the total mitochondrial load of tissues and/or to scavenge the excess of reactive oxygen species generated by OXPHOS malfunctioning...
September 14, 2017: Nutrients
Jae-Woo Park, Woo-Gyun Choi, Phil-Jun Lee, Su-Wol Chung, Byung-Sam Kim, Hun-Taeg Chung, Sungchan Cho, Jong-Heon Kim, Byoung-Heon Kang, Hyoungsu Kim, Hong-Pyo Kim, Sung-Hoon Back
Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a well-known polyphenol that is present in grapes, peanuts, pine seeds, and several other plants. Resveratrol exerts deleterious effects on various types of human cancer cells. Here, we analyzed the cell death-inducing mechanisms of resveratrol-006 (Res-006), a novel resveratrol derivative in human liver cancer cells in vitro. Res-006 was more effectively suppressed the viability of HepG2 human hepatoma cells than resveratrol (the IC50 values were 67.2 and 354...
November 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Ana Rivera-Barahona, Esmeralda Alonso-Barroso, Belén Pérez, Michael P Murphy, Eva Richard, Lourdes R Desviat
Oxidative stress contributes to the pathogenesis of propionic acidemia (PA), a life threatening disease caused by the deficiency of propionyl CoA-carboxylase, in the catabolic pathway of branched-chain amino acids, odd-number chain fatty acids and cholesterol. Patients develop multisystemic complications including seizures, extrapyramidal symptoms, basal ganglia deterioration, pancreatitis and cardiomyopathy. The accumulation of toxic metabolites results in mitochondrial dysfunction, increased reactive oxygen species and oxidative damage, all of which have been documented in patients' samples and in a hypomorphic mouse model...
September 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
Shengqiang Wang, Jian Wang, Airong Zhao, Jigang Li
Sustained hyperglycemic stimulation of vascular cells is involved in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus‑induced cardiovascular complications. Silent information regulator T1 (SIRT1), a mammalian sirtuin, has been previously recognized to protect endothelial cells against hyperglycemia‑induced oxidative stress. In the present study, human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUV‑EC‑C) were treated with D‑glucose, and the levels of oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, the rate of apoptosis and SIRT1 activity were measured...
September 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Lin Wang, Bing-Jin Liu, Yun Cao, Wei-Qi Xu, Dong-Sheng Sun, Meng-Zhu Li, Fang-Xiao Shi, Man Li, Qing Tian, Jian-Zhi Wang, Xin-Wen Zhou
Although several studies have shown that type-2 cannabinoid receptor (CB2R) is involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology, the effects of CB2R on AD-like tau abnormal phosphorylation and its underlying mechanism remain unclear. Herein, we employed the CB2R(-/-) mice as the animal model to explore roles of CB2R in regulating tau phosphorylation and brain function. We found that CB2R(-/-) mice display AD-like tau hyperphosphorylation, hippocampus-dependent memory impairment, increase of GSK3β activity, decrease of AMPK and Sirt1 activity and mitochondria dysfunction...
July 17, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
T J S Macedo, V R P Barros, A P O Monte, B B Gouveia, M É S Bezerra, A Y P Cavalcante, R S Barberino, V G Menezes, M H T Matos
The worldwide consumption of red wine, nuts and grapes has resulted in increased human exposure to resveratrol, which could affect reproductive function. However, the effect of resveratrol on in vitro culture of early-stage ovarian follicles has never been investigated. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the effect of resveratrol on sheep secondary follicle morphology, growth, DNA fragmentation, intracellular levels of glutathione (GSH) and active mitochondria. Secondary follicles were isolated from the ovaries and cultured for 18 days in supplemented α-MEM+ (control medium) or in control medium containing resveratrol (2, 10 or 30 µM)...
July 11, 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
Lucia Biasutto, Andrea Mattarei, Michele Azzolini, Martina La Spina, Nicola Sassi, Matteo Romio, Cristina Paradisi, Mario Zoratti
Prodrugs of resveratrol are under development. Among the long-term goals, still largely elusive, are (1) modulating physical properties (e.g., water-soluble derivatives bearing polyethylene glycol chains), (2) changing distribution in the body (e.g., galactosyl derivatives restricted to the intestinal lumen), (3) increasing absorption from the gastrointestinal tract (e.g., derivatives imitating the natural substrates of endogenous transporters), and (4) hindering phase II metabolism (e.g., temporarily blocking the hydroxyls), all contributing to (5) increasing bioavailability...
September 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Gabriela Miranda Fernandez Cardoso, Julia Tauana Pletsch, Belisa Parmeggiani, Mateus Grings, Nícolas Manzke Glanzel, Larissa Daniele Bobermin, Alexandre Umpierrez Amaral, Moacir Wajner, Guilhian Leipnitz
Hydrogen sulfide (sulfide) accumulates at high levels in brain of patients with ethylmalonic encephalopathy (EE). In the present study, we evaluated whether sulfide could disturb energy and redox homeostasis, and induce mitochondrial permeability transition (mPT) pore opening in rat brain aiming to better clarify the neuropathophysiology of EE. Sulfide decreased the activities of citrate synthase and aconitase in rat cerebral cortex mitochondria, and of creatine kinase (CK) in rat cerebral cortex, striatum and hippocampus supernatants...
June 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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