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Toxic shock

Ashraf M Abdel-Moneim, Mohamed A Al-Kahtani, Omar M Elmenshawy, Hany Elsawy, Aly M Hafez, Marwa A Genena
In this field study, the levels of heavy metals (Pb, Fe, Co, Cu, and Zn) in water and a suite of biochemical and histological biomarkers in the grouper ( Epinephelus tauvina) were assessed at four sites in the Arabian Gulf. Samples were taken from a relatively non-urban reference site, called Salwa (S1), and three effluent-dominated sites, namely Al-aziziyah in southern Dammam city (S2), the Al-Jubail coast (S3), and Manifa (S4). Toxic metals, namely Pb and Co (at all sites) and Fe (at S3), were elevated in water samples relative to the internationally permissible limits...
January 1, 2018: Toxicology and Industrial Health
Maroua Eid, Olivier Fouquet, Cédric Darreau, Marc Pierrot, Achille Kouatchet, Alain Mercat, Christophe Baufreton
INTRODUCTION: Necrotizing fasciitis represents a life-threatening infectious condition that causes spreading necrotisis of superficial fascia and subcutaneous cellular tissues. We describe the case of a patient diagnosed with septic and toxic shocks leading to multiple organ failure successfully treated with a combination of extracorporeal life support, continuous renal replacement therapy, and a hemoadsorption device. METHODS: A 41-year-old patient presented with necrotizing fasciitis and multi-organ failure...
March 2018: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Walid Korani, Ye Chu, C Corley Holbrook, Peggy Ozias-Akins
Post-harvest aflatoxin contamination is a challenging issue that affects peanut quality. Aflatoxin is produced by fungi belonging to the Aspergilli group, and is known as an acutely toxic, carcinogenic and immune-suppressing class of mycotoxins. Evidence for several host genetic factors that may impact aflatoxin contamination has been reported, e.g. , genes for lipoxygenase (PnLOX1 and PnLOX2/PnLOX3 that showed either positive or negative regulation with Aspergillus infection), ROS, and WRKY (highly associated with or differentially expressed upon infection of maize with A...
March 15, 2018: Genetics
Frédéric J Baud, Mohamad K Haidar, Romain Jouffroy, Jean-Herlé Raphalen, Lionel Lamhaut, Pierre Carli
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the magnitude of lactic acidosis in response to cyanide poisoning compared with the secondary response caused by cardiovascular shock. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control observational study. SETTING: University Hospital of Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris. SUBJECTS: Patients admitted for suspicion of cyanide poisoning or drug overdose. Medical charts provided by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris of patients between January 1988 and December 2015...
March 14, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Neeraj Kumar, Kishore Kumar Krishnani, Sanjay Kumar Gupta, Narendra Pratap Singh
Nanotechnology is a novel arena with promising applications in the field of medicine, industry, and agriculture including fisheries. Cross-disciplinary interactions and the application of this technology in biological systems have led to the innovation of novel nanoparticle antioxidants, which are the subject of our study. In context with above background, we designed an experiment on nano-silver to elucidate its role for mitigation of abiotic and biotic stress. Three diets were formulated viz. silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) incorporated at 0...
March 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Hyun-Jung Moon, Hak-Bong Kim, Su-Hoon Lee, So-Eun Jeun, Chi-Dug Kang, Sun-Hee Kim
NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) have potential use as anticancer agents, either alone or in combination with other cancer therapies. We found that NSAIDs including celecoxib (CCB) and ibuprofen (IBU) significantly potentiated the cytotoxicity of Hsp90 inhibitors in human multidrug-resistant (MDR) cells expressing high levels of mutant p53 (mutp53) protein and P-glycoprotein (P-gp), and reversed Hsp90 inhibitor resistance caused by activation of heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) and by up-regulation of heat shock proteins (Hsps) and P-gp...
February 16, 2018: Oncotarget
Tomoya Maeda, Yuya Tanaka, Masayuki Inui
The Corynebacterium glutamicum R grtA (cgR_2936), grtB (cgR_2934), and grtC (cgR_2933) genes were identified as paralogs encoding glutamine-rich toxic proteins. We also identified a new antisense small RNA AsgR (antisense sRNA for grtA) that overlaps the 3' end of the grtA gene. Single over-expressions of grtA, grtB, and grtC resulted in complete inhibition of Escherichia coli cell growth. This growth was rescued by co-expression of AsgR. Similar effects were observed in C. glutamicum, although the toxicities of these proteins were moderate...
March 14, 2018: Molecular Microbiology
Priscilla Segges, Stephany Corrêa, Bárbara Du Rocher, Gabriela Vera-Lozada, Flavia Krsticevic, Debora Arce, Cinthya Sternberg, Eliana Abdelhay, Rocio Hassan
Classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) cells overexpress heat-shock protein 90 (HSP90), an important intracellular signaling hub regulating cell survival, which is emerging as a promising therapeutic target. Here, we report the antitumor effect of celastrol, an anti-inflammatory compound and a recognized HSP90 inhibitor, in Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cell lines. Two disparate responses were recorded. In KM-H2 cells, celastrol inhibited cell proliferation, induced G0/G1 arrest, and triggered apoptosis through the activation of caspase-3/7...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Anam Akram, Sara Khalil, Sobia Ahsan Halim
BACKGROUND: Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma is one of the major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide with an incidence rate of 1.3 million cases per year. Heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) is a promising drug target in cancer treatment. HSP90 is required to activate numerous eukaryotic proto-oncogenic protein kinases, hence play a prominent role in cancer. METHOD: We reviewed fifty five articles to highlight the importance of HSP90 in NSCLC and the recent developments of its inhibitors...
March 7, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
Suixia Li, Panpan Wang, Jialin Zhao, Luhong Zhou, Pengfei Zhang, Chengyu Fu, Jianghong Meng, Xin Wang
The aim of this study was to investigate the toxin gene profile and antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus aureus isolates from raw chicken in the People's Republic of China. In total, 289 S. aureus isolates were characterized by antimicrobial susceptibility testing, and genes encoding enterotoxins, exfoliative toxins, Panton-Valentine leukocidin, and toxic shock syndrome toxin were revealed by PCR. Overall, 46.0% of the isolates were positive for one or more toxin genes. A high proportion of toxin genes were pvl (26...
April 2018: Journal of Food Protection
P Riera, J Salazar, A Virgili, M Tobeña, A Sebio, P Gallano, A Barnadas, D Páez
AIM: Severe irinotecan-induced toxicity is associated with UGT1A1 polymorphisms. However, some patients develop side-effects despite harbouring a normal UGT1A1 genotype. As CYP3A4 is also an irinotecan-metabolizing enzyme, our study aimed to elucidate the influence of the CYP3A4*20 loss-of-function allele in the toxicity profile of these patients. METHODS: Three-hundred and eight metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with an irinotecan-containing chemotherapy were studied...
March 5, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Ahmad Bagheri-Moghaddam, Hasan Abbaspour, Shahrad Tajoddini, Vahideh Mohammadzadeh, Ali Moinipour, Bita Dadpour
Introduction: Aluminium phosphide (Alp) poisoning mortality rate has been reported as high as 70-100%, and refractory hypotension and cardiogenic shock are the two most common presentations leading to death. Due to lack of specific antidote, all treatments are focused on supportive care and recently, intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) has been suggested to treat cardiogenic shock resulting from toxic myocarditis. In the current paper, we introduce three Alp poisoned patients for whom IABP was applied to manage their refractory shock...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Cristina Pirrone, Federica Rossi, Simone Cappello, Marina Borgese, Giuseppe Mancini, Giovanni Bernardini, Rosalba Gornati
The large volumes of oily wastewater discharged to marine environment cause heavy impacts on the coastal marine ecosystem. The selection of an appropriate technology to reduce these impacts should be based on the respect of the discharge limits and on the effective assessment and monitoring of its effects on biological organism preservation. To this aim, we set up a controlled microcosm-scale system to compare the effects of a treated and untreated oily wastewater discharge in which the restore process is performed through a Membrane Bio-Reactor...
February 24, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
Daniela F Soto, Alejandra Recalde, Alvaro Orell, Sonja-Verena Albers, Alberto Paradela, Claudio A Navarro, Carlos A Jerez
Inorganic polyphosphates (polyP) are present in all living cells and several important functions have been described for them. They are involved in the response to stress conditions, such as nutrient depletion, oxidative stress and toxic metals amongst others. A recombinant strain of Sulfolobus solfataricus unable to accumulate polyP was designed by the overexpression of its endogenous ppx gene. The overall impact of the lack of polyP on this S. solfataricus polyP (-) strain was analyzed by using quantitative proteomics (isotope-coded protein label, ICPL)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Azirwan Guswanto, Arifin Budiman Nugraha, Bumduuren Tuvshintulga, Dickson Stuart Tayebwa, Mohamed Abdo Rizk, Gaber El-Saber Batiha, Sambuu Gantuya, Thillaiampalam Sivakumar, Naoaki Yokoyama, Ikuo Igarashi
Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is a chaperone protein that stabilizes cells during stress or non-stress responses. Previous reports have shown that Hsp90 is a potential drug target to suppress the multiplication of several protozoan parasites. In this study, 17-dimethylaminoethylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-DMAG), an Hsp90 inhibitor, was evaluated for its inhibitory effect on five in vitro cultures of Babesia and Theileria species, including B. bovis, B. bigemina, B. divergens, B. caballi, and T. equi, and on the multiplication of a B...
February 27, 2018: International Journal for Parasitology, Drugs and Drug Resistance
Anastasia N Ezemaduka, Yanchun Lv, Yunbiao Wang, Jingbo Xu, Xiujun Li
Small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) are ubiquitous stress proteins that are able to protect the cells against cellular insults from temperature, heavy metal etc. However, the molecular chaperone roles of sHSPs in enhancing growth and adaptation under combined temperature and metal stresses in Escherichia coli cells have been poorly understood. Here, we analyze the function of recombinant AgsA, a small heat shock protein from Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium under combined temperature and zinc stress in E...
February 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Vishal Mevada, Rajesh Patel, Bhoomi Patel, Rajesh Chaudhari
Since last several years, infection caused by Staphylococcus aureus is challenging to cure using conventional antibiotics. The organism is a Gram-positive bacterial pathogen that can cause serious diseases not only in humans but also in animals, such as various skin infections, pneumonia, endocarditis and toxin shock syndrome. This bacterium causes such diseases by producing macromolecules such as hemolysins, enterotoxins, proteases and toxic shock syndrome toxin (TSST-1). This organism had developed the multidrug resistance by acquiring MEC-A gene...
February 26, 2018: Computational Biology and Chemistry
Nancy Coconi Linares, Francisco Fernández, Achim M Loske, Miguel A Gómez-Lim
Ligninolytic enzyme production and lignin degradation are typically the rate-limiting steps in the biofuel industry. To improve the efficiency of simultaneous bio-delignification and enzyme production, Phanerochaete chrysosporium was transformed by shock wave-induced acoustic cavitation to co-overexpress 3 peroxidases and 1 laccase and test it on the degradation of sugarcane bagasse and wheat bran. Lignin depolymerization was enhanced by up to 25% in the presence of recombinant fungi in comparison with the wild-type strain...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Tiffany M Zarrella, Dennis W Metzger, Guangchun Bai
Cyclic di-adenosine monophosphate (c-di-AMP) is a newly discovered bacterial second messenger. However, regulation of c-di-AMP homeostasis is poorly understood. In Streptococcus pneumoniae , a sole diadenylate cyclase, CdaA, produces c-di-AMP and two phosphodiesterases, Pde1 and Pde2, cleave the signaling di-nucleotide. To expand our knowledge of the pneumococcal c-di-AMP signaling network, we performed whole genome sequencing of Δ pde1 Δ pde2 heat shock suppressors. In addition to surviving heat shock, these suppressor mutants restored general stress resistance and improved growth in rich medium...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Zahra Derakhshan, Mohammad Hassan Ehrampoush, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Mohammad Taghi Ghaneian, Seyed Mohammad Mazloomi, Mohammad Faramarzian, Mansooreh Dehghani, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Saeed Yousefinejad, Enayat Berizi, Shima Bahrami
In this study employed an anoxic moving bed biofilm reactor (AnMBBR) to evaluate the effects of hydraulic and toxic shocks on performance reactor. The results indicated a relatively good resistance of system against exercised shocks and its ability to return to steady-state conditions. In optimal conditions when there was the maximum rate of atrazine and soluble chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal were 74.82% and 99.29% respectively. Also, atrazine biodegradation rapidly declines in AnMBBR from 74% ± 0...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
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