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Kenneth Wang

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910459/upgrades-of-poloidal-and-tangential-x-ray-imaging-crystal-spectrometers-for-temperature-and-rotation-measurements-on-east
#1
Fudi Wang, Jun Chen, Ruiji Hu, Bo Lyu, Gilles Colledani, Jia Fu, Yingying Li, Manfred Bitter, Kenneth Hill, Sangon Lee, Minyou Ye, Yuejiang Shi, Baonian Wan
During the past two years, key parts of poloidal and tangential x-ray imaging crystal spectrometers (PXCSs and TXCSs) have been upgraded. For poloidal XCSs, double-crystals of ArXVII and FeXXV were deployed. For fulfilling in situ alignment of a poloidal XCS, the beryllium window must be flexibly removed. By utilizing a design, where the beryllium window was installed in the vacuum chamber of the double-crystal, and between the double-crystal and wall of this chamber, an in situ alignment for the two spectrometers was fulfilled...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903751/microdose-induced-drug-dna-adducts-as-biomarkers-of-chemotherapy-resistance-in-humans-and-mice
#2
Maike Zimmermann, Si-Si Wang, Hongyong Zhang, Tzu-Yin Lin, Michael Malfatti, Kurt Haack, Ted Ognibene, Hongyuan Yang, Susan Airhart, Kenneth W Turteltaub, George D Cimino, Clifford G Tepper, Alexandra Drakaki, Karim Chamie, Ralph de Vere White, Chong-Xian Pan, Paul T Henderson
We report progress on predicting tumor response to platinum-based chemotherapy with a novel mass spectrometry approach. Fourteen bladder cancer patients were administered one diagnostic microdose each of [14C]carboplatin (1% of the therapeutic dose). Carboplatin-DNA adducts were quantified by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) in blood and tumor samples collected within 24 hours, and compared to subsequent chemotherapy response. Patients with the highest adduct levels were responders, but not all responders had high adduct levels...
November 30, 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903619/interleukin-10-mediated-regenerative-postnatal-tissue-repair-is-dependent-on-regulation-of-hyaluronan-metabolism-via-fibroblast-specific-stat3-signaling
#3
Swathi Balaji, Xinyi Wang, Alice King, Louis D Le, Sukanta S Bhattacharya, Chad M Moles, Manish J Butte, Vinicio A de Jesus Perez, Kenneth W Liechty, Thomas N Wight, Timothy M Crombleholme, Paul L Bollyky, Sundeep G Keswani
The cytokine IL-10 has potent antifibrotic effects in models of adult fibrosis, but the mechanisms of action are unclear. Here, we report a novel finding that IL-10 triggers a signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3)-dependent signaling pathway that regulates hyaluronan (HA) metabolism and drives adult fibroblasts to synthesize an HA-rich pericellular matrix, which mimics the fetal regenerative wound healing phenotype with reduced fibrosis. By using cre-lox-mediated novel, inducible, fibroblast-, keratinocyte-, and wound-specific STAT3 knockdown postnatal mice-plus syngeneic fibroblast cell-transplant models-we demonstrate that the regenerative effects of IL-10 in postnatal wounds are dependent on HA synthesis and fibroblast-specific STAT3-dependent signaling...
November 30, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902362/identification-and-interspecies-transmission-of-a-novel-bocaparvovirus-among-different-bat-species-in-china
#4
Susanna Kp Lau, Syed Shakeel Ahmed, Hazel C Yeung, Kenneth S M Li, Rachel Y Y Fan, Toni Y C Cheng, Jian-Piao Cai, Ming Wang, Bo-Jian Zheng, Samson S Y Wong, Patrick C Y Woo, Kwok-Yung Yuen
We report the discovery of a novel bocaparvovirus, bat bocaparvovirus (BtBoV), in one spleen, four respiratory and 61 alimentary samples from bats of six different species belonging to three families, Hipposideridae, Rhinolophidae and Vespertilionidae. BtBoV showed higher detection rate in alimentary samples of Rhinolophus sinicus (5.7%) than those of other bat species (0.43-1.59%), supporting R. sinicus as the primary reservoir and virus spill-over to accidental bat species. BtBoV peaked during lactating season of R...
October 25, 2016: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900361/kbg-syndrome-involving-a-single-nucleotide-duplication-in-ankrd11
#5
Robert Kleyner, Janet Malcolmson, David Tegay, Kenneth Ward, Annette Maughan, Glenn Maughan, Lesa Nelson, Kai Wang, Reid Robison, Gholson J Lyon
KBG syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant genetic condition characterized by neurological involvement and distinct facial, hand, and skeletal features. More than 70 cases have been reported; however, it is likely that KBG syndrome is underdiagnosed because of lack of comprehensive characterization of the heterogeneous phenotypic features. We describe the clinical manifestations in a male currently 13 years of age, who exhibited symptoms including epilepsy, severe developmental delay, distinct facial features, and hand anomalies, without a positive genetic diagnosis...
November 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900360/scn8a-mutation-in-a-child-presenting-with-seizures-and-developmental-delays
#6
Janet Malcolmson, Robert Kleyner, David Tegay, Whit Adams, Kenneth Ward, Justine Coppinger, Lesa Nelson, Miriam H Meisler, Kai Wang, Reid Robison, Gholson J Lyon
The SCN8A gene encodes the sodium voltage-gated channel alpha subunit 8. Mutations in this gene have been associated with early infantile epileptic encephalopathy type 13. With the use of whole-exome sequencing, a de novo missense mutation in SCN8A was identified in a 4-yr-old female who initially exhibited symptoms of epilepsy at the age of 5 mo that progressed to a severe condition with very little movement, including being unable to sit or walk on her own.
November 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900346/preclinical-development-and-qualification-of-zfn-mediated-ccr5-disruption-in-human-hematopoietic-stem-progenitor-cells
#7
David L DiGiusto, Paula M Cannon, Michael C Holmes, Lijing Li, Anitha Rao, Jianbin Wang, Gary Lee, Philip D Gregory, Kenneth A Kim, Samuel B Hayward, Kathleen Meyer, Colin Exline, Evan Lopez, Jill Henley, Nancy Gonzalez, Victoria Bedell, Rodica Stan, John A Zaia
Gene therapy for HIV-1 infection is a promising alternative to lifelong combination antiviral drug treatment. Chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) is the coreceptor required for R5-tropic HIV-1 infection of human cells. Deletion of CCR5 renders cells resistant to R5-tropic HIV-1 infection, and the potential for cure has been shown through allogeneic stem cell transplantation with naturally occurring homozygous deletion of CCR5 in donor hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPC). The requirement for HLA-matched HSPC bearing homozygous CCR5 deletions prohibits widespread application of this approach...
2016: Molecular Therapy. Methods & Clinical Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899696/selective-antagonism-of-trpa1-produces-limited-efficacy-in-models-of-inflammatory-and-neuropathic-induced-mechanical-hypersensitivity-in-rats
#8
Sonya G Lehto, Andy D Weyer, Beth D Youngblood, Maosheng Zhang, Ruoyuan Yin, Weiya Wang, Yohannes Teffera, Melanie Cooke, Cheryl L Stucky, Laurie Schenkel, Stephanie Geuns-Meyer, Bryan D Moyer, Kenneth D Wild, Narender R Gavva
The transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) channel has been implicated in pathophysiological processes that include asthma, cough, and inflammatory pain. Agonists of TRPA1 such as mustard oil and its key component allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) cause pain and neurogenic inflammation in humans and rodents, and TRPA1 antagonists have been reported to be effective in rodent models of pain. In our pursuit of TRPA1 antagonists as potential therapeutics, we generated AMG0902, a potent (IC90 of 300 nM against rat TRPA1), selective, brain penetrant (brain to plasma ratio of 0...
2016: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895846/antibiotics-as-part-of-the-management-of-severe-acute-malnutrition
#9
Indi Trehan, Hayley S Goldbach, Lacey N LaGrone, Guthrie J Meuli, Richard J Wang, Kenneth M Maleta, Mark J Manary
BACKGROUND: Severe acute malnutrition contributes to 1 million deaths among children annually. Adding routine antibiotic agents to nutritional therapy may increase recovery rates and decrease mortality among children with severe acute malnutrition treated in the community. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we randomly assigned Malawian children, 6 to 59 months of age, with severe acute malnutrition to receive amoxicillin, cefdinir, or placebo for 7 days in addition to ready-to-use therapeutic food for the outpatient treatment of uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition...
September 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882347/ml372-blocks-smn-ubiquitination-and-improves-spinal-muscular-atrophy-pathology-in-mice
#10
Mahlet B Abera, Jingbo Xiao, Jonathan Nofziger, Steve Titus, Noel Southall, Wei Zheng, Kasey E Moritz, Marc Ferrer, Jonathan J Cherry, Elliot J Androphy, Amy Wang, Xin Xu, Christopher Austin, Kenneth H Fischbeck, Juan J Marugan, Barrington G Burnett
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disease and one of the leading inherited causes of infant mortality. SMA results from insufficient levels of the survival motor neuron (SMN) protein, and studies in animal models of the disease have shown that increasing SMN protein levels ameliorates the disease phenotype. Our group previously identified and optimized a new series of small molecules, with good potency and toxicity profiles and reasonable pharmacokinetics, that were able to increase SMN protein levels in SMA patient-derived cells...
November 17, 2016: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876059/a-prospective-observational-cohort-study-in-primary-care-practices-to-identify-factors-associated-with-treatment-failure-in-staphylococcus-aureus-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections
#11
Grace C Lee, Ronald G Hall, Natalie K Boyd, Steven D Dallas, Liem C Du, Lucina B Treviño, Sylvia B Treviño, Chad Retzloff, Kenneth A Lawson, James Wilson, Randall J Olsen, Yufeng Wang, Christopher R Frei
BACKGROUND: The incidence of outpatient visits for skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) has substantially increased over the last decade. The emergence of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) has made the management of S. aureus SSTIs complex and challenging. The objective of this study was to identify risk factors contributing to treatment failures associated with community-associated S. aureus skin and soft tissue infections SSTIs. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study among 14 primary care clinics within the South Texas Ambulatory Research Network...
November 22, 2016: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871815/identification-and-genomic-characterization-of-a-novel-rat-bocavirus-from-brown-rats-in-china
#12
Susanna K P Lau, Hazel C Yeung, Kenneth S M Li, Carol S F Lam, Jian-Piao Cai, Ming-Chi Yuen, Ming Wang, Bo-Jian Zheng, Patrick C Y Woo, Kwok-Yung Yuen
Despite recent discoveries of novel animal bocaparvoviruses, current understandings on the diversity and evolution of bocaparvoviruses are still limited. We report the identification and genome characterization of a novel bocaparvovirus, rat bocaparvovirus (RBoV), in brown rats (Rattus norvegicus) in China. RBoV was detected in 11.5%, 2.4%, 16.2% and 0.3% of alimentary, respiratory, spleen and kidney samples respectively, of 636 brown rats by PCR, but not in samples of other rodent species, suggesting that brown rats are the primary reservoir of RBoV...
November 19, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871356/a-pigmented-subcutaneous-nodule-on-the-scalp
#13
Shuwei Wang, Jeff D Harvell, Kenneth J Friedman, A Yasmine Kirkorian, Sandy Milgraum
A 52-year-old man presented to his primary doctor with a slow-growing cystic lesion on his occipital scalp. His primary care doctor diagnosed the lesion as a pilar cyst and recommended observation because the lesion was asymptomatic at that time. The patient had no significant medical or surgical history. There was no family history of skin cancer or other malignancies.
2016: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866590/corrigendum-to-the-inextricable-axis-of-targeted-diagnostic-imaging-and-therapy-an-immunological-natural-history-approach-nucl-med-biol-43-2016-215-225
#14
Frederick O Cope, Bonnie Abbruzzese, James Sanders, Wendy Metz, Kristyn Sturms, David Ralph, Michael Blue, Jane Zhang, Paige Bracci, Wiam Bshara, Spencer Behr, Toby Maurer, Kenneth Williams, Joshua Walker, Allison Beverly, Brooke Blay, Anirudh Damughatla, Mark Larsen, Courtney Mountain, Erin Neylon, Kaeli Parcel, Kapil Raghuraman, Kevin Ricks, Lucas Rose, Akhilesh Sivakumar, Nicholas Streck, Bryan Wang, Christopher Wasco, Amifred Williams, Larry S Schlesinger, Abul Azad, Murugesan V S Rajaram, Wael Jarjour, Nicholas Young, Thomas Rosol, Michael McGrath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861143/intratumoral-heterogeneity-and-chemoresistance-in-nonseminomatous-germ-cell-tumor-of-the-testis
#15
Mehmet Asim Bilen, Kenneth R Hess, Matthew T Campbell, Jennifer Wang, Russell R Broaddus, Jose A Karam, John F Ward, Christopher G Wood, Seungtaek L Choi, Priya Rao, Miao Zhang, Aung Naing, Rosale General, Diana H Cauley, Sue-Hwa Lin, Christopher J Logothetis, Louis L Pisters, Shi-Ming Tu
BACKGROUND: Nonseminomatous germ cell tumor of the testis (NSGCT) is largely curable. However, a small group of patients develop refractory disease. We investigated the hypothesis that intratumoral heterogeneity contributes to the emergence of chemoresistance and the development of refractory tumor subtypes. RESULTS: Our institution's records for January 2000 through December 2010 included 275 patients whose primary tumor showed pure embryonal carcinoma (pure E); mixed embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac tumor, and teratoma (EYT); or mixed embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac tumor, seminoma, and teratoma (EYST)...
November 16, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855567/pradigastat-disposition-in-humans-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-investigations
#16
Alana Upthagrove, Jin Chen, Charles D Meyers, Kenneth Kulmatycki, Angela Bretz, Lai Wang, Lana Peng, Safet Palamar, Melissa Lin, Tapan Majumdar, Phi Tran, Heidi J Einolf
1. Pradigastat is a potent and specific diacylglycerol acyltransferase-1 (DGAT1) inhibitor effective in lowering postprandial triglycerides in healthy human subjects and fasting triglycerides in familial chylomicronemia syndrome (FCS) patients. 2. Here we present the results of human oral absorption, metabolism and excretion (AME), intravenous pharmacokinetic (PK), and in vitro studies which together provide an overall understanding of the disposition of pradigastat in humans. 3. In human in vitro systems, pradigastat is metabolized slowly to a stable acyl glucuronide (M18...
November 18, 2016: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849389/core-stability-exercise-versus-general-exercise-for-chronic-low-back-pain
#17
Brian J Coulombe, Kenneth E Games, Elizabeth R Neil, Lindsey E Eberman
: Reference: Wang XQ, Zheng JJ, Yu ZW, et al. A meta-analysis of core stability exercise versus general exercise for chronic low back pain. PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e52082. Clinical Questions: Is core stability exercise more effective than general exercise in the treatment of patients with nonspecific low back pain (LBP)? DATA SOURCES: The authors searched the following databases: China Biological Medicine disc, Cochrane Library, Embase, and PubMed from 1970 through 2011...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847357/visualization-of-hiv-t-cell-virological-synapses-and-virus-containing-compartments-by-3d-correlative-light-and-electron-microscopy
#18
Lili Wang, Edward T Eng, Kenneth Law, Ronald E Gordon, William J Rice, Benjamin K Chen
: Virological synapses (VS) are adhesive structures that form between infected and uninfected cells that can enhance the spread of HIV-1. During T cell VS formation, viral proteins are actively recruited to the site of cell-cell contact where the viral material is efficiently translocated to target cells into heterogeneous, protease-resistant, antibody-inaccessible compartments. Using correlative light and electron microscopy (CLEM) we define the membrane topography of the virus-containing compartments (VCC) where HIV is found following VS-mediated transfer...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836010/inheritance-of-deleterious-mutations-at-both-brca1-and-brca2-in-an-international-sample-of-32-295-women
#19
Timothy R Rebbeck, Tara M Friebel, Nandita Mitra, Fei Wan, Stephanie Chen, Irene L Andrulis, Paraskevi Apostolou, Norbert Arnold, Banu K Arun, Daniel Barrowdale, Javier Benitez, Raanan Berger, Pascaline Berthet, Ake Borg, Saundra S Buys, Trinidad Caldes, Jonathan Carter, Jocelyne Chiquette, Kathleen B M Claes, Fergus J Couch, Cezary Cybulski, Mary B Daly, Miguel de la Hoya, Orland Diez, Susan M Domchek, Katherine L Nathanson, Katarzyna Durda, Steve Ellis, D Gareth Evans, Lenka Foretova, Eitan Friedman, Debra Frost, Patricia A Ganz, Judy Garber, Gord Glendon, Andrew K Godwin, Mark H Greene, Jacek Gronwald, Eric Hahnen, Emily Hallberg, Ute Hamann, Thomas V O Hansen, Evgeny N Imyanitov, Claudine Isaacs, Anna Jakubowska, Ramunas Janavicius, Katarzyna Jaworska-Bieniek, Esther M John, Beth Y Karlan, Bella Kaufman, KConFab Investigators, Ava Kwong, Yael Laitman, Christine Lasset, Conxi Lazaro, Jenny Lester, Niklas Loman, Jan Lubinski, Siranoush Manoukian, Gillian Mitchell, Marco Montagna, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Dieter Niederacher, Robert L Nussbaum, Kenneth Offit, Edith Olah, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Sue Kyung Park, Marion Piedmonte, Paolo Radice, Christine Rappaport-Fuerhauser, Matti A Rookus, Caroline Seynaeve, Jacques Simard, Christian F Singer, Penny Soucy, Melissa Southey, Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet, Grzegorz Sukiennicki, Csilla I Szabo, Mariella Tancredi, Manuel R Teixeira, Soo-Hwang Teo, Mary Beth Terry, Mads Thomassen, Laima Tihomirova, Marc Tischkowitz, Amanda Ewart Toland, Aleksandra Toloczko-Grabarek, Nadine Tung, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, Danylo Villano, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Barbara Wappenschmidt, Jeffrey N Weitzel, Jamal Zidan, Kristin K Zorn, Lesley McGuffog, Douglas Easton, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Antonis C Antoniou, Susan J Ramus
BACKGROUND: Most BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation carriers have inherited a single (heterozygous) mutation. Transheterozygotes (TH) who have inherited deleterious mutations in both BRCA1 and BRCA2 are rare, and the consequences of transheterozygosity are poorly understood. METHODS: From 32,295 female BRCA1/2 mutation carriers, we identified 93 TH (0.3 %). "Cases" were defined as TH, and "controls" were single mutations at BRCA1 (SH1) or BRCA2 (SH2). Matched SH1 "controls" carried a BRCA1 mutation found in the TH "case"...
November 11, 2016: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830190/phenotypic-screens-identify-parasite-genetic-factors-associated-with-malarial-fever-response-in-plasmodium-falciparum-piggybac-mutants
#20
Phaedra Thomas, Jennifer Sedillo, Jenna Oberstaller, Suzanne Li, Min Zhang, Naresh Singh, Chengqi C Q Wang, Kenneth Udenze, Rays H Y Jiang, John H Adams
Malaria remains one of the most devastating parasitic diseases worldwide, with 90% of the malaria deaths in Africa in 2013 attributable to Plasmodium falciparum. The clinical symptoms of malaria include cycles of fever, corresponding to parasite rupture from red blood cells every 48 h. Parasite pathways involved in the parasite's ability to survive the host fever response, and indeed, the functions of ~40% of P. falciparum genes as a whole, are still largely unknown. Here, we evaluated the potential of scalable forward-genetic screening methods to identify genes involved in the host fever response...
September 2016: MSphere
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