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Urinary tract infection in childrens

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087926/urinary-tract-infections-in-infants-and-children
#1
Theresa A Schlager
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are one of the most common infections in children and symptoms may be nonspecific. The risk of renal scarring is highest in children under 1 year of age with febrile UTI and high-grade vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Although treatment of UTI is usually straightforward, given increased rates of antimicrobial resistance worldwide, the choice of treatment for pediatric UTI should be guided by community resistance patterns whenever feasible. The benefit of antimicrobial prophylaxis after first UTI and/or in the presence of VUR remains controversial, but a recent meta-analysis supports continuous antimicrobial prophylaxis in children with VUR, indicating a need for more research in this area...
October 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087230/the-impact-of-obesity-on-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-and-renal-scarring-in-children-with-vesicoureteral-reflux
#2
H J Byun, J Y Ha, W Jung, B H Kim, C H Park, C I Kim
INTRODUCTION: It has become clear that obesity is associated with a variety of infectious diseases, including urinary tract infection (UTI) and renal scarring. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between obesity and the degree of febrile UTI (fUTI) and renal scarring in children with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), and to stratify the results into obesity subcategories. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 186 patients were diagnosed with VUR between January 2002 and December 2008...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073186/factors-affecting-the-course-of-body-and-kidney-growth-in-infants-with-urolithiasis-a-critical-long-term-evaluation
#3
Kemal Sarica, Fatma Narter, Kubilay Sabuncu, Ahmet Akca, Utku Can, Ayse Buz, H Nese Sarica, Bilal Eryildirim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible effects of dietary, patient and stone related factors on the clinical course of the stone disease as well as the body and renal growth status of the infants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 50 children with an history of stone disease during infancy period were studied. Patient (anatomical abnormalities, urinary tract infection - UTI, associated morbidities), stone (obstruction, UTI and required interventions) and lastly dietary (duration of sole breast feeding, formula feeding) related factors which may affect the clinical course of the disease were all evaluated for their effects on the body and renal growth during long-term follow-up...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059999/context-for-practice-trends-in-pressure-injury-prevention-use-of-convexity-in-ostomy-care-and-prevention-of-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections-in-children
#4
Mikel Gray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052217/prevalence-of-molar-incisor-hypomineralization-in-mexican-children
#5
Brenda Jaime Gurrusquieta, Victor Manuel Mendoza Núñez, María Lilia Adriana Juárez López
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of and factors associated with molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in schoolchildren aged 6-12 years. STUDY DESIGN: This study included 1156 schoolchildren aged 6-12 years, living in Mexico City. A previously standardised examiner (k = 0.79) applied the diagnostic criteria for MIH from the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry. Children's parents completed a questionnaire about medical conditions in the perinatal period and the first 3 years of their children's lives...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051222/contribution-of-ultrasound-scans-in-the-first-episode-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-children
#6
Manel Jellouli, Asma Ben Mansour, Kamel Abidi, Meriem Ferjani, Ouns Naija, Yousra Hammi, Chokri Zarrouk, Tahar Gargah
Background - Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a common pediatric urologic disorder. After the first urinary tract infection (UTI), imaging studies are recommended, starting with a renal ultrasound (US) and voiding cystourethrography (VCUG). We propose to determine whether abnormalities found on US can help indicate the necessity of VCUG in children after the first urinary tract infection. Methods - A retrospective study included all children admitted with their first episode of urinary tract infection from January 2007 to December 2012...
June 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043106/factors-affecting-quality-of-life-among-spinal-cord-injury-patients-in-korea
#7
Jong Soo Lee, Sang Woon Kim, Sang Hyun Jee, Joon Chul Kim, Jong Bo Choi, Sung Yong Cho, Jang Hwan Kim
PURPOSE: Complaints from spinal cord injury (SCI) patients are typically related to physical disability affecting activities of daily life. However, difficulties with voiding and defecation and/or sexual function can also be major concerns. The general population and even physicians are generally unaware of these complaints; therefore, this study focuses on surveying SCI patients regarding challenges that are faced in daily life. METHODS: A questionnaire was administered randomly and anonymously to SCI patients who visited the Korea Spinal Cord Injury Association and several rehabilitation hospitals in the Republic of Korea in 2013...
December 2016: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029092/clinical-risk-factors-bacterial-aetiology-and-outcome-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-children-hospitalized-with-diarrhoea-in-bangladesh
#8
R DAS, T Ahmed, H Saha, L Shahrin, F Afroze, A S M S B Shahid, K M Shahunja, P K Bardhan, M J Chisti
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is common in children aged <5 years with diarrhoea, but little is known about risk factors, aetiology and outcome of such children. We aimed to evaluate these knowledge gaps of UTI in children aged <5 years with diarrhoea. We enrolled all children aged <5 years with diarrhoea admitted to Dhaka Hospital of the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, between May 2011 and April 2013, who had history of fever (⩾38 °C) and obtained a urine sample for culture...
December 28, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027609/prediction-of-high-grade-vesicoureteral-reflux-in-children-younger-than-2-years-using-renal-sonography-a-preliminary-study
#9
Sun Kyoung You, Jong Chun Kim, Won Hong Park, So Mi Lee, Hyun-Hae Cho
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the predictive value of renal sonography for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and the efficacy of renal sonography, technetium Tc 99m-labeled dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scanning, and a combination of the two for VUR screening in children younger than 2 years with a first episode of febrile urinary tract infection. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients younger than 2 years with a first febrile urinary tract infection were included in our study, which was conducted from April through October 2014...
April 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027334/weight-gain-and-obesity-in-infants-and-young-children-exposed-to-prolonged-antibiotic-prophylaxis
#10
M Bruce Edmonson, Jens C Eickhoff
Importance: An association between antibiotic use and excessive weight gain or obesity in healthy infants and young children has been reported, but evidence is inconsistent and based on observational studies of growth in relation to incidental antibiotic exposures. Objective: To evaluate whether prolonged antibiotic exposure is associated with weight gain in children participating in a clinical trial of antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent recurrent urinary tract infection...
December 27, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011968/extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-among-the-pediatric-population-who-is-at-risk-and-why-results-from-a-single-centre-prospective-study
#11
Carmelina Calitri, Carlo Scolfaro, Sara Colombo, Gianfranco De Intinis, Francesca Carraro, Silvia Garazzino, Pier-Angelo Tovo
A prospective 18-month case-control study was performed in a tertiary Paediatric Centre in Turin (Italy) to analyse the disease burden and identify risk factors for acquisition of Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-pE). Children with ESBL-pE isolation were enrolled as cases, with controls matched according to age, type of pathogen isolated and sample of isolation. Out of 83 children (37 males, mean age 4.7 ± 5.46 years), 45 were identified as infected (54.2%) and 38 as colonised (45...
1, 2016: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994915/intravenous-colistin-use-for-multidrug-resistant-gram-negative-infections-in-pediatric-patients
#12
Ayşe Karaaslan, Eren Çağan, Eda Kepenekli Kadayifci, Serkan Atıcı, Gülşen Akkoç, Nurhayat Yakut, Sevliya Öcal Demir, Ahmet Soysal, Mustafa Bakır
BACKGROUND: The emergence of infections due to multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli (MDR-GNB) has led to the resurrection of colistin use. The data on colistin use and drug-related adverse effects in children are scarce. AIMS: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of colistin use in critically ill pediatric patients. STUDY DESIGN: This study has a retrospective study design. METHODS: Sixty-one critically ill children were identified through the department's patient files archive during the period from January 2011 to November 2014...
November 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989639/the-swedish-infant-high-grade-reflux-trial-bladder-function
#13
J Nordenström, U Sillen, G Holmdahl, T Linnér, E Stokland, S Sjöström
INTRODUCTION: It has been suggested that infants with high-grade vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) have lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) that is characterised by large bladder capacity (BC) and increased post-void residual (PVR). However, most of these infants have normal or small BC in early infancy and develop large capacity during the first year of life. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to see whether LUTD development during the infant years in children with high-grade VUR could be prevented by early reflux resolution...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979437/-gentamicin-resistant-e-coli-as-a-cause-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-children
#14
Diana Salas-Mera, Talía Sainz, María Rosa Gómez-Gil Mira, Ana Méndez-Echevarría
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2016: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974897/process-mapping-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department-to-minimize-missed-urinary-tract-infections
#15
Morgan Black, Valene Singh, Vladimir Belostotsky, Madan Roy, Deborah Yamamura, Kathryn Gambarotto, Keith Lau, April J Kam
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in young children and are seen in emergency departments (EDs) frequently. Left untreated, UTIs can lead to more severe conditions. Our goal was to undertake a quality improvement (QI) initiative to help minimize the number of children with missed UTIs in a newly established tertiary care pediatric emergency department (PED). A retrospective chart review was undertaken to identify missed UTIs in children < 3 years old who presented to a children's hospital's ED with positive urine cultures...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974258/parental-preference-assessment-for-vesicoureteral-reflux-management-in-children
#16
Geraldine N Tran, Anand V Bodapati, Jonathan C Routh, Christopher S Saigal, Hillary L Copp
PURPOSE: Parents of children with vesicoureteral reflux are presented with a variety of management options, which in many cases offer a similar risk-benefit ratio. To facilitate shared decision making, parental preferences regarding vesicoureteral reflux treatment options need to be acknowledged. We aimed to characterize the clinical experience of parents and elicit core themes affecting decision making in regard to managing vesicoureteral reflux in their child. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A semistructured, qualitative interview script was developed and vetted by 25 pediatric urologists to discuss treatment options for vesicoureteral reflux...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964829/the-role-of-voiding-cystourethrography-in-asymptomatic-unilateral-isolated-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-a-retrospective-study
#17
Mohammed S ElSheemy, Waleed Ghoneima, Mohammad Abdelwahhab, Waseem Aboulela, Kareem Daw, Ahmed M Shouman, Ahmed I Shoukry, Mohamed El Ghoneimy, Hany A Morsi, Hesham Badawy
INTRODUCTION: The presence of concomitant vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) and ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is uncommon. Nevertheless, the reported VUR coexisting with asymptomatic unilateral isolated hydronephrosis (AUIH) requiring pyeloplasty for correction of UPJO was of low grade and mostly resolved during conservative follow-up. Therefore, VCUG may be not indicated in these children except if voiding symptoms, urinary tract infection (UTI), dilated ureters, or bladder and ureteric abnormalities are suspected...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960211/the-modern-diagnostic-approach-to-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-adults
#18
James D Chalmers
Respiratory tract infections, the majority of which are community acquired, are among the leading causes of death worldwide and a leading indication for hospital admission. The burden of disease demonstrates a "U"-shaped distribution, primarily affecting young children as the immune system matures, and older adults as the process of immunosenescence and accumulation of comorbidities leads to increased susceptibility to infection. Diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is traditionally based on demonstration of a new infiltrate on a chest radiograph in a patient presenting with an acute respiratory illness or sepsis...
December 2016: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956267/intravenous-fosfomycin-back-to-the-future-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-clinical-literature
#19
REVIEW
B Grabein, W Graninger, J Rodríguez Baño, A Dinh, D B Liesenfeld
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarise the clinical evidence and usage patterns of intravenous fosfomycin from its development to the present time. METHODS: PubMed, the Cochrane Library and local journals were searched for relevant studies reporting aggregated data of intravenous fosfomycin use in adults and children, with no restrictions regarding study design. Single case reports were excluded. Data were systematically abstracted for all included studies...
December 9, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942170/end-stage-renal-disease-in-tunisian-infants-etiology-and-outcome
#20
M Jellouli, A Boussetta, K Abidi, Y Hammi, C Zarrouk, T Gargah
End stage renal disease (ESRD) in infants has particular features in terms of etiologies and therapeutic modalities. The aim of our study is to describe the etiologies and the ESRD outcomes among Tunisian infants. This retrospective study was conducted over 15 years (from January 1998 to December 31, 2013) in the Pediatric Department at Charles Nicolle Hospital. In total, 157 pediatric patients had ESRD. The mean incidence was 4.25 million children. The study involved 24 infants; the sex ratio was equal to 2...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
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