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Alexander Lee

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092681/genomic-analysis-of-globally-diverse-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-strains-provides-insights-into-the-emergence-and-spread-of-multidrug-resistance
#1
Abigail L Manson, Keira A Cohen, Thomas Abeel, Christopher A Desjardins, Derek T Armstrong, Clifton E Barry, Jeannette Brand, Sinéad B Chapman, Sang-Nae Cho, Andrei Gabrielian, James Gomez, Andreea M Jodals, Moses Joloba, Pontus Jureen, Jong Seok Lee, Lesibana Malinga, Mamoudou Maiga, Dale Nordenberg, Ecaterina Noroc, Elena Romancenco, Alex Salazar, Willy Ssengooba, A A Velayati, Kathryn Winglee, Aksana Zalutskaya, Laura E Via, Gail H Cassell, Susan E Dorman, Jerrold Ellner, Parissa Farnia, James E Galagan, Alex Rosenthal, Valeriu Crudu, Daniela Homorodean, Po-Ren Hsueh, Sujatha Narayanan, Alexander S Pym, Alena Skrahina, Soumya Swaminathan, Martie Van der Walt, David Alland, William R Bishai, Ted Cohen, Sven Hoffner, Bruce W Birren, Ashlee M Earl
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), caused by drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is an increasingly serious problem worldwide. Here we examined a data set of whole-genome sequences from 5,310 M. tuberculosis isolates from five continents. Despite the great diversity of these isolates with respect to geographical point of isolation, genetic background and drug resistance, the patterns for the emergence of drug resistance were conserved globally. We have identified harbinger mutations that often precede multidrug resistance...
January 16, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091586/corrigendum-modelling-mutational-landscapes-of-human-cancers-in-vitro
#2
Magali Olivier, Annette Weninger, Maude Ardin, Hana Huskova, Xavier Castells, Maxime P Vallée, James McKay, Tatiana Nedelko, Karl-Rudolf Muehlbauer, Hiroyuki Marusawa, John Alexander, Lee Hazelwood, Graham Byrnes, Monica Hollstein, Jiri Zavadil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086803/compendium-of-tcdd-mediated-transcriptomic-response-datasets-in-mammalian-model-systems
#3
Stephenie D Prokopec, Kathleen E Houlahan, Ren X Sun, John D Watson, Cindy Q Yao, Jamie Lee, Christine P'ng, Renee Pang, Alexander H Wu, Lauren C Chong, Ashley B Smith, Nicholas J Harding, Ivy D Moffat, Jere Lindén, Sanna Lensu, Allan B Okey, Raimo Pohjanvirta, Paul C Boutros
BACKGROUND: 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is the most potent congener of the dioxin class of environmental contaminants. Exposure to TCDD causes a wide range of toxic outcomes, ranging from chloracne to acute lethality. The severity of toxicity is highly dependent on the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR). Binding of TCDD to the AHR leads to changes in transcription of numerous genes. Studies evaluating the transcriptional changes brought on by TCDD may provide valuable insight into the role of the AHR in human health and disease...
January 13, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081366/an-estimation-of-hybrid-quantum-mechanical-molecular-mechanical-qm-mm-polarization-energies-for-small-molecules-using-polarizable-force-field-approaches
#4
Jing Huang, Ye Mei, Gerhard Koenig, Andrew C Simmonett, Frank C Pickard, Qin Wu, Lee-Ping Wang, Alexander D MacKerell, Bernard R Brooks, Yihan Shao
In this work, we report two polarizable molecular mechanics (polMM) force field models for estimating the polarization energy in hybrid quantum mechanical molecular mechanical (QM/MM) calculations. These two models, named the potential of atomic charges (PAC) and potential of atomic dipoles (PAD), are formulated from the ab initio quantum mechanical (QM) response kernels for the prediction of the QM density response to an external molecular mechanical (MM) environment (as described by external point charges)...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077676/a-ptk7-targeted-antibody-drug-conjugate-reduces-tumor-initiating-cells-and-induces-sustained-tumor-regressions
#5
Marc Damelin, Alexander Bankovich, Jeffrey Bernstein, Justin Lucas, Liang Chen, Samuel Williams, Albert Park, Jorge Aguilar, Elana Ernstoff, Manoj Charati, Russell Dushin, Monette Aujay, Christina Lee, Hanna Ramoth, Milly Milton, Johannes Hampl, Sasha Lazetic, Virginia Pulito, Edward Rosfjord, Yongliang Sun, Lindsay King, Frank Barletta, Alison Betts, Magali Guffroy, Hadi Falahatpisheh, Christopher J O'Donnell, Robert Stull, Marybeth Pysz, Paul Escarpe, David Liu, Orit Foord, Hans Peter Gerber, Puja Sapra, Scott J Dylla
Disease relapse after treatment is common in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), ovarian cancer (OVCA), and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Therapies that target tumor-initiating cells (TICs) should improve patient survival by eliminating the cells that can drive tumor recurrence and metastasis. We demonstrate that protein tyrosine kinase 7 (PTK7), a highly conserved but catalytically inactive receptor tyrosine kinase in the Wnt signaling pathway, is enriched on TICs in low-passage TNBC, OVCA, and NSCLC patient-derived xenografts (PDXs)...
January 11, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077166/threonine-175-a-novel-pathological-phosphorylation-site-on-tau-protein-linked-to-multiple-tauopathies
#6
Alexander J Moszczynski, Wencheng Yang, Robert Hammond, Lee Cyn Ang, Michael J Strong
Microtubule associated protein tau (tau) deposition is associated with a spectrum of neurodegenerative diseases collectively termed tauopathies. We have previously shown that amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) with cognitive impairment (ALSci) is associated with tau phosphorylation at Thr(175) and that this leads to activation of GSK3β which then induces phosphorylation at tau Thr(231). This latter step leads to dissociation of tau from microtubules and pathological tau fibril formation. To determine the extent to which this pathway is unique to ALS, we have investigated the expression of pThr(175) tau and pThr(231) tau across a range of frontotemporal degenerations...
January 11, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075136/theoretical-investigation-of-the-interfaces-and-mechanisms-of-induced-spin-polarization-of-1d-narrow-zigzag-graphene-and-h-bn-nanoribbons-on-a-sro-terminated-lsmo-001-surface
#7
Paul Avramov, Alexander A Kuzubov, Artem V Kuklin, Hyosun Lee, Evgenia A Kovaleva, Seiji Sakai, Shiro Entani, Hiroshi Naramoto, Pavel B Sorokin
The structure of the interfaces and the mechanisms of induced spin polarization of 1D infinite and finite narrow graphene- and h-BN zigzag nanoribbons placed on a SrO-terminated La1-xSrxMnO3 (LSMO) (001) surface were studied using density functional theory (DFT) electronic structure calculations. It was found that the π-conjugated nanofragments are bonded to the LSMO(001) surface by weak disperse interactions. The types of coordination of the fragments, the strength of bonding, and the rate of spin polarization depend upon the nature of the fragments...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073299/the-changing-impact-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-clinical-practice
#8
Lee M Akst, Omar J Haque, John O Clarke, Alexander T Hillel, Simon R A Best, Kenneth W Altman
OBJECTIVES: The National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) database was utilized to understand evolving national trends in diagnosis and management of reflux. METHODS: The NAMCS database was queried for visits related to gastroesophageal reflux diagnosis and management. Analysis performed for time periods 1998-2001, 2002-2005, and 2006-2009 was weighted to provide national estimates of care. Results were compared to previously reported time periods from 1990 to 2001 to evaluate patterns in overall visits, age and ethnicity of patients, provider type, and prescriptions provided...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068672/genomic-hallmarks-of-localized-non-indolent-prostate-cancer
#9
Michael Fraser, Veronica Y Sabelnykova, Takafumi N Yamaguchi, Lawrence E Heisler, Julie Livingstone, Vincent Huang, Yu-Jia Shiah, Fouad Yousif, Xihui Lin, Andre P Masella, Natalie S Fox, Michael Xie, Stephenie D Prokopec, Alejandro Berlin, Emilie Lalonde, Musaddeque Ahmed, Dominique Trudel, Xuemei Luo, Timothy A Beck, Alice Meng, Junyan Zhang, Alister D'Costa, Robert E Denroche, Haiying Kong, Shadrielle Melijah G Espiritu, Melvin L K Chua, Ada Wong, Taryne Chong, Michelle Sam, Jeremy Johns, Lee Timms, Nicholas B Buchner, Michèle Orain, Valérie Picard, Helène Hovington, Alexander Murison, Ken Kron, Nicholas J Harding, Christine P'ng, Kathleen E Houlahan, Kenneth C Chu, Bryan Lo, Francis Nguyen, Constance H Li, Ren X Sun, Richard de Borja, Christopher I Cooper, Julia F Hopkins, Shaylan K Govind, Clement Fung, Daryl Waggott, Jeffrey Green, Syed Haider, Michelle A Chan-Seng-Yue, Esther Jung, Zhiyuan Wang, Alain Bergeron, Alan Dal Pra, Louis Lacombe, Colin C Collins, Cenk Sahinalp, Mathieu Lupien, Neil E Fleshner, Housheng H He, Yves Fradet, Bernard Tetu, Theodorus van der Kwast, John D McPherson, Robert G Bristow, Paul C Boutros
Prostate tumours are highly variable in their response to therapies, but clinically available prognostic factors can explain only a fraction of this heterogeneity. Here we analysed 200 whole-genome sequences and 277 additional whole-exome sequences from localized, non-indolent prostate tumours with similar clinical risk profiles, and carried out RNA and methylation analyses in a subset. These tumours had a paucity of clinically actionable single nucleotide variants, unlike those seen in metastatic disease. Rather, a significant proportion of tumours harboured recurrent non-coding aberrations, large-scale genomic rearrangements, and alterations in which an inversion repressed transcription within its boundaries...
January 9, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067620/characterisation-of-the-opposing-effects-of-g6pd-deficiency-on-cerebral-malaria-and-severe-malarial-anaemia
#10
Geraldine M Clarke, Kirk Rockett, Katja Kivinen, Christina Hubbart, Anna E Jeffreys, Kate Rowlands, Muminatou Jallow, David J Conway, Kalifa A Bojang, Margaret Pinder, Stanley Usen, Fatoumatta Sisay-Joof, Giorgio Sirugo, Ousmane Toure, Mahamadou A Thera, Salimata Konate, Sibiry Sissoko, Amadou Niangaly, Belco Poudiougou, Valentina D Mangano, Edith C Bougouma, Sodiomon B Sirima, David Modiano, Lucas N Amenga-Etego, Anita Ghansah, Kwadwo A Koram, Michael D Wilson, Anthony Enimil, Jennifer Evans, Olukemi K Amodu, Subulade Olaniyan, Tobias Apinjoh, Regina Mugri, Andre Ndi, Carolyne M Ndila, Sophie Uyoga, Alexander Macharia, Norbert Peshu, Thomas N Williams, Alphaxard Manjurano, Nuno Sepúlveda, Taane G Clark, Eleanor Riley, Chris Drakeley, Hugh Reyburn, Vysaul Nyirongo, David Kachala, Malcolm Molyneux, Sarah J Dunstan, Nguyen Hoan Phu, Nguyen Ngoc Quyen, Cao Quang Thai, Tran Tinh Hien, Laurens Manning, Moses Laman, Peter Siba, Harin Karunajeewa, Steve Allen, Angela Allen, Timothy Me Davis, Pascal Michon, Ivo Mueller, Síle F Molloy, Susana Campino, Angeliki Kerasidou, Victoria J Cornelius, Lee Hart, Shivang S Shah, Gavin Band, Chris Ca Spencer, Tsiri Agbenyega, Eric Achidi, Ogobara K Doumbo, Jeremy Farrar, Kevin Marsh, Terrie Taylor, Dominic P Kwiatkowski
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is believed to confer protection against Plasmodium falciparum malaria, but the precise nature of the protective effecthas proved difficult to define as G6PD deficiency has multiple allelic variants with different effects in males and females, and it has heterogeneous effects on the clinical outcome of P. falciparum infection. Here we report an analysis of multiple allelic forms of G6PD deficiency in a large multi-centre case-control study of severe malaria, using the WHO classification of G6PD mutations to estimate each individual's level of enzyme activity from their genotype...
January 9, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067006/addressing-reverse-inference-in-psychiatric-neuroimaging-meta-analyses-of-task-related-brain-activation-in-common-mental-disorders
#11
Emma Sprooten, Alexander Rasgon, Morgan Goodman, Ariella Carlin, Evan Leibu, Won Hee Lee, Sophia Frangou
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies in psychiatry use various tasks to identify case-control differences in the patterns of task-related brain activation. Differently activated regions are often ascribed disorder-specific functions in an attempt to link disease expression and brain function. We undertook a systematic meta-analysis of data from task-fMRI studies to examine the effect of diagnosis and study design on the spatial distribution and direction of case-control differences on brain activation...
January 9, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065995/opinions-of-sports-clinical-practice-chiropractors-with-sports-specialty-training-and-those-without-about-chiropractic-research-priorities-in-sports-health-care-a-centering-resonance-analysis
#12
Alexander D Lee, Kaitlyn Szabo, Kirstie McDowell, Sydney Granger
INTRODUCTION: A Canadian sports chiropractic research agenda has yet to be defined. The Delphi method can be utilized to achieve this purpose; however, the sample of experts who participate can influence the results. To better inform sample selection for future research agenda development, we set out to determine if differences in opinions about research priorities exist between chiropractors who have their sports specialty designation and those who do not. METHODS: Fifteen sports clinical practice chiropractors who have their sports fellowship designation and fifteen without, were interviewed with a set of standardized questions about sports chiropractic research priorities...
December 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063810/2017-acc-expert-consensus-decision-pathway-for-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-in-the-management-of-adults-with-aortic-stenosis-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-task-force-on-clinical-expert-consensus-documents
#13
Catherine M Otto, Dharam J Kumbhani, Karen P Alexander, John H Calhoon, Milind Y Desai, Sanjay Kaul, James C Lee, Carlos E Ruiz, Christina M Vassileva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062568/renal-collectrin-protects-against-salt-sensitive-hypertension-and-is-downregulated-by-angiotensin-ii
#14
Pei-Lun Chu, Joseph C Gigliotti, Sylvia Cechova, Gabor Bodonyi-Kovacs, Fang Chan, Donna Lee Ralph, Nancy Howell, Kambiz Kalantari, Alexander L Klibanov, Robert M Carey, Alicia A McDonough, Thu H Le
Collectrin, encoded by the Tmem27 gene, is a transmembrane glycoprotein with approximately 50% homology with angiotensin converting enzyme 2, but without a catalytic domain. Collectrin is most abundantly expressed in the kidney proximal tubule and collecting duct epithelia, where it has an important role in amino acid transport. Collectrin is also expressed in endothelial cells throughout the vasculature, where it regulates L-arginine uptake. We previously reported that global deletion of collectrin leads to endothelial dysfunction, augmented salt sensitivity, and hypertension...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059544/measurement-of-cp-violation-in-b-0-%C3%A2-d-d-decays
#15
R Aaij, B Adeva, M Adinolfi, Z Ajaltouni, S Akar, J Albrecht, F Alessio, M Alexander, S Ali, G Alkhazov, P Alvarez Cartelle, A A Alves, S Amato, S Amerio, Y Amhis, L An, L Anderlini, G Andreassi, M Andreotti, J E Andrews, R B Appleby, F Archilli, P d'Argent, J Arnau Romeu, A Artamonov, M Artuso, E Aslanides, G Auriemma, M Baalouch, I Babuschkin, S Bachmann, J J Back, A Badalov, C Baesso, S Baker, W Baldini, R J Barlow, C Barschel, S Barsuk, W Barter, M Baszczyk, V Batozskaya, B Batsukh, V Battista, A Bay, L Beaucourt, J Beddow, F Bedeschi, I Bediaga, L J Bel, V Bellee, N Belloli, K Belous, I Belyaev, E Ben-Haim, G Bencivenni, S Benson, J Benton, A Berezhnoy, R Bernet, A Bertolin, F Betti, M-O Bettler, M van Beuzekom, Ia Bezshyiko, S Bifani, P Billoir, T Bird, A Birnkraut, A Bitadze, A Bizzeti, T Blake, F Blanc, J Blouw, S Blusk, V Bocci, T Boettcher, A Bondar, N Bondar, W Bonivento, A Borgheresi, S Borghi, M Borisyak, M Borsato, F Bossu, M Boubdir, T J V Bowcock, E Bowen, C Bozzi, S Braun, M Britsch, T Britton, J Brodzicka, E Buchanan, C Burr, A Bursche, J Buytaert, S Cadeddu, R Calabrese, M Calvi, M Calvo Gomez, A Camboni, P Campana, D Campora Perez, D H Campora Perez, L Capriotti, A Carbone, G Carboni, R Cardinale, A Cardini, P Carniti, L Carson, K Carvalho Akiba, G Casse, L Cassina, L Castillo Garcia, M Cattaneo, Ch Cauet, G Cavallero, R Cenci, M Charles, Ph Charpentier, G Chatzikonstantinidis, M Chefdeville, S Chen, S-F Cheung, V Chobanova, M Chrzaszcz, X Cid Vidal, G Ciezarek, P E L Clarke, M Clemencic, H V Cliff, J Closier, V Coco, J Cogan, E Cogneras, V Cogoni, L Cojocariu, G Collazuol, P Collins, A Comerma-Montells, A Contu, A Cook, G Coombs, S Coquereau, G Corti, M Corvo, C M Costa Sobral, B Couturier, G A Cowan, D C Craik, A Crocombe, M Cruz Torres, S Cunliffe, R Currie, C D'Ambrosio, F Da Cunha Marinho, E Dall'Occo, J Dalseno, P N Y David, A Davis, O De Aguiar Francisco, K De Bruyn, S De Capua, M De Cian, J M De Miranda, L De Paula, M De Serio, P De Simone, C-T Dean, D Decamp, M Deckenhoff, L Del Buono, M Demmer, D Derkach, O Deschamps, F Dettori, B Dey, A Di Canto, H Dijkstra, F Dordei, M Dorigo, A Dosil Suárez, A Dovbnya, K Dreimanis, L Dufour, G Dujany, K Dungs, P Durante, R Dzhelyadin, A Dziurda, A Dzyuba, N Déléage, S Easo, M Ebert, U Egede, V Egorychev, S Eidelman, S Eisenhardt, U Eitschberger, R Ekelhof, L Eklund, Ch Elsasser, S Ely, S Esen, H M Evans, T Evans, A Falabella, N Farley, S Farry, R Fay, D Fazzini, D Ferguson, V Fernandez Albor, A Fernandez Prieto, F Ferrari, F Ferreira Rodrigues, M Ferro-Luzzi, S Filippov, R A Fini, M Fiore, M Fiorini, M Firlej, C Fitzpatrick, T Fiutowski, F Fleuret, K Fohl, M Fontana, F Fontanelli, D C Forshaw, R Forty, V Franco Lima, M Frank, C Frei, J Fu, E Furfaro, C Färber, A Gallas Torreira, D Galli, S Gallorini, S Gambetta, M Gandelman, P Gandini, Y Gao, L M Garcia Martin, J García Pardiñas, J Garra Tico, L Garrido, P J Garsed, D Gascon, C Gaspar, L Gavardi, G Gazzoni, D Gerick, E Gersabeck, M Gersabeck, T Gershon, Ph Ghez, S Gianì, V Gibson, O G Girard, L Giubega, K Gizdov, V V Gligorov, D Golubkov, A Golutvin, A Gomes, I V Gorelov, C Gotti, M Grabalosa Gándara, R Graciani Diaz, L A Granado Cardoso, E Graugés, E Graverini, G Graziani, A Grecu, P Griffith, L Grillo, B R Gruberg Cazon, O Grünberg, E Gushchin, Yu Guz, T Gys, C Göbel, T Hadavizadeh, C Hadjivasiliou, G Haefeli, C Haen, S C Haines, S Hall, B Hamilton, X Han, S Hansmann-Menzemer, N Harnew, S T Harnew, J Harrison, M Hatch, J He, T Head, A Heister, K Hennessy, P Henrard, L Henry, J A Hernando Morata, E van Herwijnen, M Heß, A Hicheur, D Hill, C Hombach, H Hopchev, W Hulsbergen, T Humair, M Hushchyn, N Hussain, D Hutchcroft, M Idzik, P Ilten, R Jacobsson, A Jaeger, J Jalocha, E Jans, A Jawahery, F Jiang, M John, D Johnson, C R Jones, C Joram, B Jost, N Jurik, S Kandybei, W Kanso, M Karacson, J M Kariuki, S Karodia, M Kecke, M Kelsey, I R Kenyon, M Kenzie, T Ketel, E Khairullin, B Khanji, C Khurewathanakul, T Kirn, S Klaver, K Klimaszewski, S Koliiev, M Kolpin, I Komarov, R F Koopman, P Koppenburg, A Kosmyntseva, A Kozachuk, M Kozeiha, L Kravchuk, K Kreplin, M Kreps, P Krokovny, F Kruse, W Krzemien, W Kucewicz, M Kucharczyk, V Kudryavtsev, A K Kuonen, K Kurek, T Kvaratskheliya, D Lacarrere, G Lafferty, A Lai, D Lambert, G Lanfranchi, C Langenbruch, T Latham, C Lazzeroni, R Le Gac, J van Leerdam, J-P Lees, A Leflat, J Lefrançois, R Lefèvre, F Lemaitre, E Lemos Cid, O Leroy, T Lesiak, B Leverington, Y Li, T Likhomanenko, R Lindner, C Linn, F Lionetto, B Liu, X Liu, D Loh, I Longstaff, J H Lopes, D Lucchesi, M Lucio Martinez, H Luo, A Lupato, E Luppi, O Lupton, A Lusiani, X Lyu, F Machefert, F Maciuc, O Maev, K Maguire, S Malde, A Malinin, T Maltsev, G Manca, G Mancinelli, P Manning, J Maratas, J F Marchand, U Marconi, C Marin Benito, P Marino, J Marks, G Martellotti, M Martin, M Martinelli, D Martinez Santos, F Martinez Vidal, D Martins Tostes, L M Massacrier, A Massafferri, R Matev, A Mathad, Z Mathe, C Matteuzzi, A Mauri, B Maurin, A Mazurov, M McCann, J McCarthy, A McNab, R McNulty, B Meadows, F Meier, M Meissner, D Melnychuk, M Merk, A Merli, E Michielin, D A Milanes, M-N Minard, D S Mitzel, A Mogini, J Molina Rodriguez, I A Monroy, S Monteil, M Morandin, P Morawski, A Mordà, M J Morello, J Moron, A B Morris, R Mountain, F Muheim, M Mulder, M Mussini, D Müller, J Müller, K Müller, V Müller, P Naik, T Nakada, R Nandakumar, A Nandi, I Nasteva, M Needham, N Neri, S Neubert, N Neufeld, M Neuner, A D Nguyen, T D Nguyen, C Nguyen-Mau, S Nieswand, R Niet, N Nikitin, T Nikodem, A Novoselov, D P O'Hanlon, A Oblakowska-Mucha, V Obraztsov, S Ogilvy, R Oldeman, C J G Onderwater, J M Otalora Goicochea, A Otto, P Owen, A Oyanguren, P R Pais, A Palano, F Palombo, M Palutan, J Panman, A Papanestis, M Pappagallo, L L Pappalardo, W Parker, C Parkes, G Passaleva, A Pastore, G D Patel, M Patel, C Patrignani, A Pearce, A Pellegrino, G Penso, M Pepe Altarelli, S Perazzini, P Perret, L Pescatore, K Petridis, A Petrolini, A Petrov, M Petruzzo, E Picatoste Olloqui, B Pietrzyk, M Pikies, D Pinci, A Pistone, A Piucci, S Playfer, M Plo Casasus, T Poikela, F Polci, A Poluektov, I Polyakov, E Polycarpo, G J Pomery, A Popov, D Popov, B Popovici, S Poslavskii, C Potterat, E Price, J D Price, J Prisciandaro, A Pritchard, C Prouve, V Pugatch, A Puig Navarro, G Punzi, W Qian, R Quagliani, B Rachwal, J H Rademacker, M Rama, M Ramos Pernas, M S Rangel, I Raniuk, G Raven, F Redi, S Reichert, A C Dos Reis, C Remon Alepuz, V Renaudin, S Ricciardi, S Richards, M Rihl, K Rinnert, V Rives Molina, P Robbe, A B Rodrigues, E Rodrigues, J A Rodriguez Lopez, P Rodriguez Perez, A Rogozhnikov, S Roiser, A Rollings, V Romanovskiy, A Romero Vidal, J W Ronayne, M Rotondo, M S Rudolph, T Ruf, P Ruiz Valls, J J Saborido Silva, E Sadykhov, N Sagidova, B Saitta, V Salustino Guimaraes, C Sanchez Mayordomo, B Sanmartin Sedes, R Santacesaria, C Santamarina Rios, M Santimaria, E Santovetti, A Sarti, C Satriano, A Satta, D M Saunders, D Savrina, S Schael, M Schellenberg, M Schiller, H Schindler, M Schlupp, M Schmelling, T Schmelzer, B Schmidt, O Schneider, A Schopper, K Schubert, M Schubiger, M-H Schune, R Schwemmer, B Sciascia, A Sciubba, A Semennikov, A Sergi, N Serra, J Serrano, L Sestini, P Seyfert, M Shapkin, I Shapoval, Y Shcheglov, T Shears, L Shekhtman, V Shevchenko, A Shires, B G Siddi, R Silva Coutinho, L Silva de Oliveira, G Simi, S Simone, M Sirendi, N Skidmore, T Skwarnicki, E Smith, I T Smith, J Smith, M Smith, H Snoek, M D Sokoloff, F J P Soler, B Souza De Paula, B Spaan, P Spradlin, S Sridharan, F Stagni, M Stahl, S Stahl, P Stefko, S Stefkova, O Steinkamp, S Stemmle, O Stenyakin, S Stevenson, S Stoica, S Stone, B Storaci, S Stracka, M Straticiuc, U Straumann, L Sun, W Sutcliffe, K Swientek, V Syropoulos, M Szczekowski, T Szumlak, S T'Jampens, A Tayduganov, T Tekampe, M Teklishyn, G Tellarini, F Teubert, E Thomas, J van Tilburg, M J Tilley, V Tisserand, M Tobin, S Tolk, L Tomassetti, D Tonelli, S Topp-Joergensen, F Toriello, E Tournefier, S Tourneur, K Trabelsi, M Traill, M T Tran, M Tresch, A Trisovic, A Tsaregorodtsev, P Tsopelas, A Tully, N Tuning, A Ukleja, A Ustyuzhanin, U Uwer, C Vacca, V Vagnoni, A Valassi, S Valat, G Valenti, A Vallier, R Vazquez Gomez, P Vazquez Regueiro, S Vecchi, M van Veghel, J J Velthuis, M Veltri, G Veneziano, A Venkateswaran, M Vernet, M Vesterinen, B Viaud, D Vieira, M Vieites Diaz, X Vilasis-Cardona, V Volkov, A Vollhardt, B Voneki, A Vorobyev, V Vorobyev, C Voß, J A de Vries, C Vázquez Sierra, R Waldi, C Wallace, R Wallace, J Walsh, J Wang, D R Ward, H M Wark, N K Watson, D Websdale, A Weiden, M Whitehead, J Wicht, G Wilkinson, M Wilkinson, M Williams, M P Williams, M Williams, T Williams, F F Wilson, J Wimberley, J Wishahi, W Wislicki, M Witek, G Wormser, S A Wotton, K Wraight, S Wright, K Wyllie, Y Xie, Z Xing, Z Xu, Z Yang, H Yin, J Yu, X Yuan, O Yushchenko, K A Zarebski, M Zavertyaev, L Zhang, Y Zhang, Y Zhang, A Zhelezov, Y Zheng, A Zhokhov, X Zhu, V Zhukov, S Zucchelli
The CP violation observables S and C in the decay channel B^{0}→D^{+}D^{-} are determined from a sample of proton-proton collisions at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, collected by the LHCb experiment and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3  fb^{-1}. The observable S describes CP violation in the interference between mixing and the decay amplitude, and C parametrizes direct CP violation in the decay. The following values are obtained from a flavor-tagged, decay-time-dependent analysis: S=-0...
December 23, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059473/striosomal-dysfunction-affects-behavioral-adaptation-but-not-impulsivity-evidence-from-x-linked-dystonia-parkinsonism
#16
Christian Beste, Moritz Mückschel, Raymond Rosales, Aloysius Domingo, Lillian Lee, Arlene Ng, Christine Klein, Alexander Münchau
BACKGROUND: Executive functions including behavioral adaptation and impulse control are commonly impaired in movement disorders caused by striatal pathology. However, as yet it is unclear what aspects of behavioral abnormalities are related to pathology in which striatal subcomponent, that is, the matrix and the striosomes. We therefore studied cognitive control in X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism, a model disease of striosomal degeneration, using behavioral paradigms and EEG. METHODS: We studied genetically confirmed X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism patients (N = 21) in their early disease stages and healthy matched controls...
January 6, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056216/nuclear-localization-and-secretion-competence-is-conserved-amongst-henipavirus-matrix-proteins
#17
Elisabeth C McLinton, Kylie M Wagstaff, Alexander Lee, Gregory W Moseley, Glenn A Marsh, Lin-Fa Wang, David A Jans, Kim G Lieu, Hans Netter
Viruses of the genus Henipavirus of the family Paramyxoviridae are zoonotic pathogens, which have emerged in South East Asia, Australia and Africa. Nipah virus (NiV) and Hendra virus (HeV) are highly virulent pathogens transmitted from bats to animals and humans, whilst the henipavirus Cedar virus (CedV) seems to be non-pathogenic in infection studies. The full replication cycle of the Paramyxoviridae occurs in the host cell's cytoplasm where viral assembly is orchestrated by the matrix (M) protein. Unexpectedly, the NiV-M protein traffics through the nucleus as an essential step to engage the plasma membrane in preparation for viral budding/release...
January 5, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055197/ambient-pressure-molecular-superconductor-with-a-superlattice-containing-layers-of-tris-oxalato-rhodate-enantiomers-and-18-crown-6
#18
Lee Martin, Alexander L Morritt, Jordan R Lopez, Hiroki Akutsu, Yasuhiro Nakazawa, Shusaku Imajo, Yoshihiko Ihara
We report a novel multilayered organic-inorganic hybrid material, β″-(BEDT-TTF)2[(H2O)(NH4)2Rh(C2O4)3]·18-crown-6. This is the first molecular superconductor to have a superlattice with layers of both BEDT-TTF and 18-crown-6 and also the first with the anion tris(oxalato)rhodate. This is the 2D superconductor with the widest gap between conducting layers, where only a single donor packing motif is observed (β″). The strong 2D nature of this system strongly suggests that the superconducting transition is a Kosterlitz-Thouless transition...
January 5, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039857/consistent-low-contrast-detectability-for-variable-patient-sizes-and-corresponding-dose-in-abdominal-ct
#19
Yifang Zhou, Jessica Nute, Alexander Scott, Christina Lee
PURPOSE: For CT dose optimization, one needs to address two important questions. The first is how various lesion specific detection tasks demand different patient doses for the same patient. The second is how the variation of the patient size requires different patient doses for the same lesion detection task. In this study, we attempted to find quantitative solutions to these questions by utilizing a wide range of abdomen phantoms. METHODS: A simplified model with a monochromatic fan-beam passing through a bowtie filter and an elliptical object was proposed...
December 31, 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038309/diazepam-inhibits-electrically-evoked-and-tonic-dopamine-release-in-the-nucleus-accumbens-and-reverses-the-effect-of-amphetamine
#20
Alexander Gomez-A, Amanda Maino Fiorenza, Suelen Lucio Boschen, Adam H Sugi, Danielle Beckman, Sergio T Ferreira, Kendall H Lee, Charles D Blaha, Claudio Da Cunha
Diazepam is a benzodiazepine receptor agonist with anxiolytic and addictive properties. Although most drugs of abuse increase dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens, here we show that not only it causes the opposite effect but also prevents amphetamine action on increasing dopamine release. We used 20 min sampling in vivo microdialysis and subsecond fast-scan cyclic voltammetry recordings at carbon-fiber microelectrodes to show that diazepam caused a dose-dependent decrease in tonic and electrically-evoked dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens of urethane anesthetized adult male Swiss mice...
December 30, 2016: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
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