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performance validity neuropsychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740824/associations-between-daily-living-skills-cognition-and-real-world-functioning-across-stages-of-schizophrenia-a-study-with-the-schizophrenia-cognition-rating-scale-japanese-version
#1
Yuko Higuchi, Tomiki Sumiyoshi, Tomonori Seo, Motomu Suga, Tsutomu Takahashi, Shimako Nishiyama, Yuko Komori, Kiyoto Kasai, Michio Suzuki
Cognitive function is impaired in patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders, even in their prodromal stages. Specifically, the assessment of cognitive abilities related to daily-living functioning, or functional capacity, is important to predict long-term outcome. In this study, we sought to determine the validity of the Schizophrenia Cognition Rating Scale (SCoRS) Japanese version, an interview-based measure of cognition relevant to functional capacity (i.e. co-primary measure). For this purpose, we examined the relationship of SCoRS scores with performance on the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS) Japanese version, a standard neuropsychological test battery, and the Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale (SOFAS), an interview-based social function scale...
March 2017: Schizophrenia Research. Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740814/validation-of-the-cognitively-normal-range-and-below-normal-range-subtypes-in-chronically-hospitalized-patients-with-schizophrenia
#2
Shih-Kuang Chiang, Ching-Huan Ni, Chih-Pu Tsai, Keng-Chang Lin
BACKGROUND: Many studies have found a substantial minority of patients whose performance puts them within the normal range of neuropsychological functioning. Recently, a study has seen the delineation of two neurocognitive subtypes of schizophrenia -'cognitively normal range' (CNR) and 'below normal range' (BNR) - based on neurocognitive performance across multiple domains. METHODS: The participants were from two studies that collected neurocognitive, psychopathology and social function data between 2008 and 2015...
September 2016: Schizophrenia Research. Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738088/virtual-daily-living-test-to-screen-for-mild-cognitive-impairment-using-kinematic-movement-analysis
#3
Kyoungwon Seo, Jae-Kwan Kim, Dong Hoon Oh, Hokyoung Ryu, Hojin Choi
Questionnaires or computer-based tests for assessing activities of daily living are well-known approaches to screen for mild cognitive impairment (MCI). However, questionnaires are subjective and computerized tests only collect simple performance data with conventional input devices such as a mouse and keyboard. This study explored the validity and discriminative power of a virtual daily living test as a new diagnostic approach to assess MCI. Twenty-two healthy controls and 20 patients with MCI were recruited...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724366/predicting-progression-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-to-dementia-using-neuropsychological-data-a-supervised-learning-approach-using-time-windows
#4
Telma Pereira, Luís Lemos, Sandra Cardoso, Dina Silva, Ana Rodrigues, Isabel Santana, Alexandre de Mendonça, Manuela Guerreiro, Sara C Madeira
BACKGROUND: Predicting progression from a stage of Mild Cognitive Impairment to dementia is a major pursuit in current research. It is broadly accepted that cognition declines with a continuum between MCI and dementia. As such, cohorts of MCI patients are usually heterogeneous, containing patients at different stages of the neurodegenerative process. This hampers the prognostic task. Nevertheless, when learning prognostic models, most studies use the entire cohort of MCI patients regardless of their disease stages...
July 19, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723964/development-of-the-korean-adult-reading-test-kart-to-estimate-premorbid-intelligence-in-dementia-patients
#5
Dahyun Yi, Eun Hyun Seo, Ji Young Han, Bo Kyung Sohn, Min Soo Byun, Jun Ho Lee, Young Min Choe, Suzy Ahn, Jong Inn Woo, Jongho Jun, Dong Young Lee
We aimed to develop a word-reading test for Korean-speaking adults using irregularly pronounced words that would be useful for estimation of premorbid intelligence. A linguist who specialized in Korean phonology selected 94 words that have irregular relationship between orthography and phonology. Sixty cognitively normal elderly (CN) and 31 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) were asked to read out loud the words and were administered the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, 4th edition, Korean version (K-WAIS-IV)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723499/prospective-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-antiangiogenic-treatment-on-cognitive-functions-in-metastatic-renal-cancer
#6
Florence Joly, Natacha Heutte, Brigitte Duclos, Sabine Noal, Isabelle Léger-Hardy, Sarah Dauchy, Nadine Longato, Laurence Desrues, Nadine Houede, Marie Lange, Emmanuel Sevin, Chantal Rieux, Bénédicte Clarisse, Hélène Castel, Bernard Escudier
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the cognitive effects of antiangiogenic therapies (AATs) in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) and their relation with fatigue. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of AATs on cognition and its connection with fatigue and quality of life (QoL) in patients with mRCC. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This prospective study enrolled 75 patients starting AAT as first or second line for mRCC and assessed them at 3 mo (n=58) and 6 mo (n=50)...
December 15, 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721748/influence-of-nationality-on-the-brief-international-cognitive-assessment-for-multiple-sclerosis-bicams
#7
A Smerbeck, Ralph H B Benedict, Arman Eshaghi, Sandra Vanotti, Carina Spedo, Jana Blahova Dusankova, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Vanessa D Marques, Dawn Langdon
OBJECTIVE: In answer to the call for improved accessibility of neuropsychological services to the international community, the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS; MS) was validated in multiple, non-English-speaking countries. It was created to monitor processing speed and learning in MS patients, including abbreviated versions of the Symbol Digit Modalities Test, California Verbal Learning Test, 2nd Edition, and the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test, Revised...
July 19, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720169/characteristics-of-healthy-older-adults-that-influence-self-rated-cognitive-function
#8
Bryce P Mulligan, Colette M Smart, Sidney J Segalowitz, Stuart W S MacDonald
OBJECTIVES: We sought to clarify the nature of self-reported cognitive function among healthy older adults by considering the short-term, within-person association (coupling) of subjective cognitive function with objective cognitive performance. We expected this within-person coupling to differ between persons as a function of self-perceived global cognitive decline and depression, anxiety, or neuroticism. METHODS: This was an intensive measurement (short-term longitudinal) study of 29 older adult volunteers between the ages of 65 and 80 years without an existing diagnosis of dementia or mild cognitive impairment...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707203/evaluating-cognitive-complaints-in-breast-cancer-survivors-with-the-fact-cog-and-quantitative-electroencephalography
#9
Kathleen Van Dyk, Aimee M Hunter, Linda Ercoli, Laura Petersen, Andrew F Leuchter, Patricia A Ganz
PURPOSE: Targeted methods for evaluating cognitive dysfunction in breast cancer survivors are needed to effectively address this important survivorship issue. To address this need, we examined the validity of a self-report instrument (The functional assessment of cancer therapy: cognitive function; FACT-Cog) regarding correspondence with neuropsychological performance versus depression and evaluated neurophysiological biomarkers of cognition and depressed mood in a sample of breast cancer survivors several years from diagnosis...
July 13, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690635/the-development-of-the-dementia-screening-battery-100-instrument-presentation-reliability-and-construct-validity
#10
Tarek Bellaj, Sonia Ben Jemaa, Maher Khelifa, Mona Ben Djebara, Riadh Gouider, Didier Le Gall
BACKGROUND/AIM: The screening of dementia in non-Westerners has so far relied on translations and adaptations of reputed instruments. Other efforts focused on developing culturally appropriate tests or tests in touch with new developments in the field. This study presents the rationale behind the construction of a new dementia screening test: the Dementia Screening Battery-100 (DSB-100). METHODS: The DSB-100 was administered to 46 demented individuals and 159 healthy matched controls...
May 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671504/reliability-and-validity-of-a-self-administered-tool-for-online-neuropsychological-testing-the-amsterdam-cognition-scan
#11
Heleen E M Feenstra, Jaap M J Murre, Ivar E Vermeulen, Jacobien M Kieffer, Sanne B Schagen
INTRODUCTION: To facilitate large-scale assessment of a variety of cognitive abilities in clinical studies, we developed a self-administered online neuropsychological test battery: the Amsterdam Cognition Scan (ACS). The current studies evaluate in a group of adult cancer patients: test-retest reliability of the ACS and the influence of test setting (home or hospital), and the relationship between our online and a traditional test battery (concurrent validity). METHOD: Test-retest reliability was studied in 96 cancer patients (57 female; Mage = 51...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661262/memantine-improves-semantic-memory-in-patients-with-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-study
#12
Demet Ilhan Algin, Suna Dagli Atalay, Serhat Ozkan, Demet Ozbabalik Adapinar, Ilknur Ak Sivrioz
Objective This study was performed to assess the efficacy of memantine in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). Methods Thirty healthy controls and 45 patients diagnosed with aMCI based on the Petersen criteria were classified into 3 groups. Group 1 comprised patients who received a single memantine dose following examination (n = 25), Group 2 comprised patients who did not receive memantine treatment following examination (n = 20), and Group 3 comprised healthy age-matched volunteers (n = 30)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657355/a-single-error-is-one-too-many-examining-alternative-cutoffs-on-trial-2-of-the-tomm
#13
Laszlo A Erdodi, Jaspreet K Rai
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the potential of alternative, more liberal cutoffs on Trial 2 of the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) to improve classification accuracy relative to the standard cutoffs (≤44). METHOD: The sample consisted of 152 patients (49.3% male) with psychiatric conditions (PSY) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) referred for neuropsychological assessment in a medico-legal setting (MAge = 44.4, MEducation = 11.9 years). Classification accuracy for various TOMM Trial 2 cutoffs was computed against three criterion measures...
June 28, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632025/use-of-latent-class-analysis-to-define-groups-based-on-validity-cognition-and-emotional-functioning
#14
Ruth T Morin, Bradley N Axelrod
OBJECTIVE: Latent Class Analysis (LCA) was used to classify a heterogeneous sample of neuropsychology data. In particular, we used measures of performance validity, symptom validity, cognition, and emotional functioning to assess and describe latent groups of functioning in these areas. METHOD: A data-set of 680 neuropsychological evaluation protocols was analyzed using a LCA. Data were collected from evaluations performed for clinical purposes at an urban medical center...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632024/performance-validity-testing-in-a-clinical-sample-of-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease
#15
Katherine E Dorociak, Evan T Schulze, Lauren E Piper, Robert E Molokie, Julie K Janecek
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychologists utilize performance validity tests (PVTs) as objective means for drawing inferences about performance validity. The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is a well-validated, stand-alone PVT and the Reliable Digit Span (RDS) and Reliable Digit Span-Revised (RDS-R) from the Digit Span subtest of the WAIS-IV are commonly employed, embedded PVTs. While research has demonstrated the utility of these PVTs with various clinical samples, no research has investigated their use in adults with sickle cell disease (SCD), a condition associated with multiple neurological, physical, and psychiatric symptoms...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631992/validity-of-a-verbal-incidental-learning-measure-from-the-wais-iv-in-older-adults
#16
Dustin B Hammers, Amanda M Kucera, Stephanie J Card, Kathryn A Tolle, Taylor J Atkinson, Kevin Duff, Robert J Spencer
Incidental memory may reflect a form of learning in everyday life, although it is not consistently evaluated during standard neuropsychological evaluations. Further validation of a recently created measure of verbal Incidental Learning (IL) from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV is necessary to understand the utility of such a measure in clinical settings. Sixty-eight adults aged 50 to 89 were recruited from a Cognitive Disorders Clinic while receiving a standard neuropsychological assessment, along with two additional measures of IL...
March 2, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625936/do-medical-french-students-know-how-to-properly-score-a-mini-mental-state-examination
#17
Intza Hernandorena, Sophie Chauvelier, Jean-Sébastien Vidal, Matthieu Piccoli, Joséphine Coulon, Laurence Hugonot-Diener, Anne-Sophie Rigaud, Olivier Hanon, Emmanuelle Duron
The mini mental state examination (MMSE) is a validated tool to assess global cognitive function. Training is required before scoring. Inaccurate scoring can lead to inappropriate medical decisions. In France, MMSE is usually scored by medical students. To assess if medical French students know how to properly score a mini mental state examination. Two « physician-patient » role playings performed by 2 specialized physicians, were performed in front of University Paris V medical students. Role playing A: Scoring of a MMSE according to a script containing five tricks; Role playing B: Find the 5 errors committed in a pre-filled MMSE form, according to the second script...
June 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620925/validity-of-the-national-center-for-geriatrics-and-gerontology-functional-assessment-tool-and-mini-mental-state-examination-for-detecting-the-incidence-of-dementia-in-older-japanese-adults
#18
Hiroyuki Shimada, Hyuma Makizako, Hyuntae Park, Takehiko Doi, Sangyoon Lee
AIM: Numerous neuropsychological tests are implemented in the clinical setting. However, a readily available cognitive test is required to detect the risk of dementia in the community setting. METHODS: A total of 4151 persons aged ≥65 years participated in the present prospective cohort study. We assessed cognitive performance using the Mini-Mental State Examination and the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology-Functional Assessment Tool. The National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology-Functional Assessment Tool includes tests of story and word list memory, attention and executive function, processing speed, and visuospatial skill to screen for cognitive impairment...
June 16, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617067/parametric-model-measurement-reframing-traditional-measurement-ideas-in-neuropsychological-practice-and-research
#19
Gregory G Brown, Michael L Thomas, Virginie Patt
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychology is an applied measurement field with its psychometric work primarily built upon classical test theory (CTT). We describe a series of psychometric models to supplement the use of CTT in neuropsychological research and test development. METHOD: We introduce increasingly complex psychometric models as measurement algebras, which include model parameters that represent abilities and item properties. Within this framework of parametric model measurement (PMM), neuropsychological assessment involves the estimation of model parameters with ability parameter values assuming the role of test 'scores'...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605213/computerized-cognitive-testing-norms-in-active-duty-military-personnel-potential-for-contamination-by-psychologically-unhealthy-individuals
#20
Ian Coffman, Helaine E Resnick, James Drane, Corinna E Lathan
Normative reference data used for clinical interpretation of neuropsychological testing results are only valid to the extent that the sample they are based on is composed of "normal" individuals. Accordingly, efforts are made to exclude individuals with histories and/or diagnoses that might bias test performance. In this report, we focus on these features in active-duty military personnel because published data on computerized neurocognitive testing norms for this population have not explicitly considered the consequences of neurobehavioral disorders (e...
June 12, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
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