keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

performance validity neuropsychology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207863/identification-of-age-dependent-motor-and-neuropsychological-behavioural-abnormalities-in-a-mouse-model-of-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-ii
#1
Hélène F E Gleitz, Claire O'Leary, Rebecca J Holley, Brian W Bigger
Severe mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II) is a progressive lysosomal storage disease caused by mutations in the IDS gene, leading to a deficiency in the iduronate-2-sulfatase enzyme that is involved in heparan sulphate and dermatan sulphate catabolism. In constitutive form, MPS II is a multi-system disease characterised by progressive neurocognitive decline, severe skeletal abnormalities and hepatosplenomegaly. Although enzyme replacement therapy has been approved for treatment of peripheral organs, no therapy effectively treats the cognitive symptoms of the disease and novel therapies are in development to remediate this...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194121/cognitive-parent-and-teacher-rating-measures-of-executive-functioning-shared-and-unique-influences-on-school-achievement
#2
Marielle C Dekker, Tim B Ziermans, Andrea M Spruijt, Hanna Swaab
Very little is known about the relative influence of cognitive performance-based executive functioning (EF) measures and behavioral EF ratings in explaining differences in children's school achievement. This study examined the shared and unique influence of these different EF measures on math and spelling outcome for a sample of 84 first and second graders. Parents and teachers completed the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF), and children were tested with computer-based performance tests from the Amsterdam Neuropsychological Tasks (ANT)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166312/association-between-subclinical-cardiac-biomarkers-and-clinically-manifest-cardiac-diseases-with-cortical-cerebral-microinfarcts
#3
Saima Hilal, Yuek Ling Chai, Susanne van Veluw, Muhammad Amin Shaik, Mohammad Kamran Ikram, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Arthur Mark Richards, Geert Jan Biessels, Christopher Chen
Importance: Subclinical and clinical cardiac diseases have been previously linked to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) manifestations of cerebrovascular disease, such as lacunes and white matter hyperintensities, as well as dementia. Cortical cerebral microinfarcts (CMIs), a novel MRI marker of cerebral vascular disease, have not been studied, to date, in relation to subclinical and clinical cardiac diseases. Objective: To examine the association of blood biomarkers of subclinical cardiac disease and clinically manifest cardiac diseases with CMIs graded on 3-T MRI in a memory clinic population...
February 6, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158316/phishing-suspiciousness-in-older-and-younger-adults-the-role-of-executive-functioning
#4
Brandon E Gavett, Rui Zhao, Samantha E John, Cara A Bussell, Jennifer R Roberts, Chuan Yue
Phishing is the spoofing of Internet websites or emails aimed at tricking users into entering sensitive information, with such goals as financial or identity theft. The current study sought to determine whether age is associated with increased susceptibility to phishing and whether tests of executive functioning can predict phishing susceptibility. A total of 193 cognitively intact participants, 91 younger adults and 102 older adults, were primarily recruited through a Psychology department undergraduate subject pool and a gerontology research registry, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152169/albuminuria-in-association-with-cognitive-function-and-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Marios K Georgakis, Nikolaos G Dimitriou, Maria A Karalexi, Constantinos Mihas, Efthimia G Nasothimiou, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Eleni Th Petridou
OBJECTIVES: Cerebral microvascular disease is considered to contribute to cognitive dysfunction. We opted to explore whether albuminuria, a marker of systemic microangiopathy, is associated with cognitive impairment, dementia, and cognitive function. DESIGN: Systematic review; independent reviewers screened 2359 articles, derived through the search strategy, for identification of observational studies quantifying an association of albuminuria with the outcomes of interest, abstracted data on study characteristics and results and evaluated studies on quality using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139144/embedded-performance-validity-testing-in-neuropsychological-assessment-potential-clinical-tools
#6
Tyler A Rickards, Christopher C Cranston, Pegah Touradji, Kathleen T Bechtold
The article aims to suggest clinically-useful tools in neuropsychological assessment for efficient use of embedded measures of performance validity. To accomplish this, we integrated available validity-related and statistical research from the literature, consensus statements, and survey-based data from practicing neuropsychologists. We provide recommendations for use of 1) Cutoffs for embedded performance validity tests including Reliable Digit Span, California Verbal Learning Test (Second Edition) Forced Choice Recognition, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test Combination Score, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test Failure to Maintain Set, and the Finger Tapping Test; 2) Selecting number of performance validity measures to administer in an assessment; and 3) Hypothetical clinical decision-making models for use of performance validity testing in a neuropsychological assessment collectively considering behavior, patient reporting, and data indicating invalid or noncredible performance...
January 31, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122771/assessing-visuospatial-skills-in-parkinson-s-comparison-of-neuropsychological-assessment-battery-visual-discrimination-to-the-judgment-of-line-orientation
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jenna B Renfroe, Travis H Turner, Vanessa K Hinson
OBJECTIVE: Judgment of Line Orientation (JOLO) test is widely used in assessing visuospatial deficits in Parkinson's disease (PD). The neuropsychological assessment battery (NAB) offers the Visual Discrimination test, with age and education correction, parallel forms, and co-normed standardization sample for comparisons within and between domains. However, NAB Visual Discrimination has not been validated in PD, and may not measure the same construct as JOLO. METHOD: A heterogeneous sample of 47 PD patients completed the JOLO and NAB Visual Discrimination within a broader neuropsychological evaluation...
February 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122769/an-evaluation-of-the-texas-functional-living-scale-s-latent-structure-and-subscales
#8
David Andrés González, Jason R Soble, Janice C Marceaux, Karin J M McCoy
OBJECTIVE: Performance-based functional assessment is a critical component of neuropsychological practice. The Texas Functional Living Scale (TFLS) has promise given its brevity, nationally representative norms, and co-norming with Wechsler scales. However, its subscale structure has not been evaluated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the TFLS in a mixed clinical sample (n = 197). METHOD: Reliability and convergent and discriminant validity coefficients were calculated with neurocognitive testing and collateral reports and factor analysis was performed...
February 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122474/screening-for-neurocognitive-impairment-in-hiv-positive-adults-aged-50-years-and-older-montreal-cognitive-assessment-relates-to-self-reported-and-clinician-rated-everyday-functioning
#9
P L Fazeli, K B Casaletto, E Paolillo, R C Moore, D J Moore, The Hnrp Group
As the HIV+ population ages, the risk for and need to screen for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) increases. The aim of this study is to determine the utility and ecological validity of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) among older HIV+ adults. A total of 100 HIV+ older adults aged 50 years or over completed a comprehensive neuromedical and neurocognitive battery, including the MoCA and several everyday functioning measures. The receiver operating characteristic curve indicates ≤26 as the optimal cut-off balancing sensitivity (84...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120085/neuropsychological-assessment-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus-an-important-tool-for-the-maintenance-and-restoration-of-neuronal-and-neuropsychological-functions
#10
Carmela Sindorio, Rosaria Viola Abbritti, Giovanni Raffa, Stefano M Priola, Antonino Germanò, Massimiliano Visocchi, Maria C Quattropani
Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is a progressive clinical syndrome that includes gait disturbances, urinary incontinence, and cognitive impairment. iNPH shows similarities to other neurodegenerative disorders, primarily Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Definition of the neuropsychological profile of iNPH and the qualitative analysis of systematic mistakes made in cognitive tests could represent a valid method for systematizing possible specific markers of iNPH dementia and differentiating it from other dementias...
2017: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114873/cogniphobia-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Noah D Silverberg, Grant L Iverson, William Panenka
Cogniphobia refers to avoidance of mental exertion due to a fear of developing or exacerbating a headache. Headaches are very common after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) and often become chronic. Cogniphobia is hypothesized to contribute to poor cognitive test performance and persistent disability in some patients with MTBI. Eighty patients with MTBI and post-traumatic headaches were recruited from specialty outpatient clinics. They completed a battery of questionnaires (including a cogniphobia scale) and neuropsychological tests (the National Institutes of Health Toolbox Cognition Battery and the Medical Symptom Validity Test) at 2-3 months post injury, in a cross-sectional design...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113683/a-non-parametric-approach-for-mild-cognitive-impairment-to-ad-conversion-prediction-results-on-longitudinal-data
#12
Sidra Minhas, Aasia Khanum, Farhan Riaz, Atif Alvi, Shoab A Khan
The goal of this study is to introduce a non-parametric technique for predicting conversion from Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Progression of a slowly progressing disease such as AD benefits from the use of longitudinal data; however, research till now is limited due to insufficient patient data and short follow up time. A small dataset size invalidates the estimation of underlying disease progression model, hence a supervised, non-parametric method is proposed. While depicting a real world setting, longitudinal data of 3 years are employed for training, whereas only the baseline visit's data is used for validation...
September 13, 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110889/reliability-and-validity-of-culturally-adapted-executive-function-performance-test-for-koreans-with-stroke
#13
Hee Kim, Yu-Na Lee, Eun-Mi Jo, Eun-Young Lee
BACKGROUND: Executive Function Performance Test was unusable in Asia because of cultural differences, although evaluating the effect that executive function has on real life is essential to people with stroke. The aims of this study were to report the development and standardization of culturally appropriate Executive Function Performance Test for Koreans (EFPT-K) and to verify its reliability and validity in the stroke population. METHODS: EFPT-K was developed by going through the process of translation, back-translation, and an expert committee's conference on cultural adaptation...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106560/face-name-associative-recognition-deficits-in-subjective-cognitive-decline-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#14
Alexandra Polcher, Ingo Frommann, Alexander Koppara, Steffen Wolfsgruber, Frank Jessen, Michael Wagner
BACKGROUND: There is a need for more sensitive neuropsychological tests to detect subtle cognitive deficits emerging in the preclinical stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Associative memory is a cognitive function supported by the hippocampus and affected early in the process of AD. OBJECTIVE: We developed a short computerized face-name-associative-recognition test (FNART) and tested whether it would detect memory impairment in memory-clinic patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and subjective cognitive decline (SCD)...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102714/validity-and-reliability-of-a-questionnaire-to-assess-social-skills-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-preliminary-study
#15
Heather M Francis, Katherine Osborne-Crowley, Skye McDonald
OBJECTIVE: To describe the reliability and validity of a new measure, the Social Skills Questionnaire for Traumatic Brain Injury (SSQ-TBI). METHODS: Fifty-one adults with severe TBI completed the SSQ-TBI questionnaire. Scores were compared to informant- and self-report on questionnaires addressing frontal lobe mediated behaviour, as well as performance on an objective measure of social cognition and neuropsychological tasks, in order to provide evidence of concurrent, divergent and predictive validity...
January 19, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080264/convergent-and-criterion-validity-of-the-cogstate-computerized-brief-battery-cognitive-assessment-in-women-with-and-without-breast-cancer
#16
Sunita K Patel, Adrienne M Meier, Nathaniel Fernandez, Tracy T Y Lo, Colleen Moore, Nicole Delgado
OBJECTIVE: Computerized tests have increasingly garnered interest for assessing cognitive functioning due to their potential logistical and financial advantages over traditional 'pencil and-paper' neuropsychological tests. However, psychometric information is necessary to guide decisions about their clinical and research utility with varied populations. We explored the convergent construct validity and criterion validity of the CogState computerized tests in breast cancer survivors, a group known to present with mostly mild, subtle cognitive dysfunction...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078966/visual-and-cross-modal-cues-increase-the-identification-of-overlapping-visual-stimuli-in-balint-s-syndrome
#17
Daniela D'Imperio, Michele Scandola, Valeria Gobbetto, Cristina Bulgarelli, Matteo Salgarello, Renato Avesani, Valentina Moro
INTRODUCTION: Cross-modal interactions improve the processing of external stimuli, particularly when an isolated sensory modality is impaired. When information from different modalities is integrated, object recognition is facilitated probably as a result of bottom-up and top-down processes. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential effects of cross-modal stimulation in a case of simultanagnosia. METHOD: We report a detailed analysis of clinical symptoms and an (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) brain positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) study of a patient affected by Balint's syndrome, a rare and invasive visual-spatial disorder following bilateral parieto-occipital lesions...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078566/an-eye-tracking-controlled-neuropsychological-battery-for-cognitive-assessment-in-neurological-diseases
#18
Barbara Poletti, Laura Carelli, Federica Solca, Annalisa Lafronza, Elisa Pedroli, Andrea Faini, Stefano Zago, Nicola Ticozzi, Andrea Ciammola, Claudia Morelli, Paolo Meriggi, Pietro Cipresso, Dorothée Lulé, Albert C Ludolph, Giuseppe Riva, Vincenzo Silani
Traditional cognitive assessment in neurological conditions involving physical disability is often prevented by the presence of verbal-motor impairment; to date, an extensive motor-verbal-free neuropsychological battery is not available for such purposes. We adapted a set of neuropsychological tests, assessing language, attentional abilities, executive functions and social cognition, for eye-tracking (ET) control, and explored its feasibility in a sample of healthy participants. Thirty healthy subjects performed a neuropsychological assessment, using an ET-based neuropsychological battery, together with standard "paper and pencil" cognitive measures for frontal (Frontal Assessment Battery-FAB) and working memory abilities (Digit Sequencing Task) and for global cognitive efficiency (Montreal Cognitive Assessment-MoCA)...
January 11, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077386/hypertension-severity-is-associated-with-impaired-cognitive-performance
#19
Henrique C S Muela, Valeria A Costa-Hong, Mônica S Yassuda, Natália C Moraes, Claudia M Memória, Michel F Machado, Thiago A Macedo, Edson B S Shu, Ayrton R Massaro, Ricardo Nitrini, Alfredo J Mansur, Luiz A Bortolotto
BACKGROUND: Most evidence of target-organ damage in hypertension (HTN) is related to the kidneys and heart. Cerebrovascular and cognitive impairment are less well studied. Therefore, this study analyzed changes in cognitive function in patients with different stages of hypertension compared to nonhypertensive controls. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a cross-sectional study, 221 (71 normotensive and 150 hypertensive) patients were compared. Patients with hypertension were divided into 2 stages according to blood pressure (BP) levels or medication use (HTN-1: BP, 140-159/90-99 or use of 1 or 2 antihypertensive drugs; HTN-2: BP, ≥160/100 or use of ≥3 drugs)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077170/prosodic-processing-post-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#20
Gabriela Ilie, Michael D Cusimano, Wenshan Li
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) survivors often report difficulties with understanding and producing paralinguistic cues, as well as understanding and producing basic communication tasks. However, a large range of communicative deficits in this population cannot be adequately explained by linguistic impairment. The review examines prosodic processing performance post-TBI, its relationship with injury severity, brain injury localization, recovery and co-occurring psychiatric or mental health issues post-TBI METHODS: A systematic review using several databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, LLBA (Linguistics and Language Behaviour Abstract) and Web of Science (January 1980 to May 2015), as well as a manual search of the cited references of the selected articles and the search cited features of PubMed was performed...
January 4, 2017: Systematic Reviews
keyword
keyword
79155
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"