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performance validity neuropsychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923143/validation-of-the-cognition-test-battery-for-spaceflight-in-a-sample-of-highly-educated-adults
#1
Tyler M Moore, Mathias Basner, Jad Nasrini, Emanuel Hermosillo, Sushila Kabadi, David R Roalf, Sarah McGuire, Adrian J Ecker, Kosha Ruparel, Allison M Port, Chad T Jackson, David F Dinges, Ruben C Gur
BACKGROUND: Neuropsychological changes that may occur due to the environmental and psychological stressors of prolonged spaceflight motivated the development of the Cognition Test Battery. The battery was designed to assess multiple domains of neurocognitive functions linked to specific brain systems. Tests included in Cognition have been validated, but not in high-performing samples comparable to astronauts, which is an essential step toward ensuring their usefulness in long-duration space missions...
October 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922010/detecting-memory-performance-validity-with-detects-a-computerized-performance-validity-test
#2
Rui Paulo, Pedro B Albuquerque
Evaluating performance validity is essential in neuropsychological and forensic assessments. Nonetheless, most psychological assessment tests are unable to detect performance validity and other methods must be used for this purpose. A new Performance Validity Test (DETECTS - Memory Performance Validity Test) was developed with several characteristics that enhance test utility. Moreover, precise response time measurement was added to DETECTS. Two groups of participants (normative and simulator group) completed DETECTS and three memory tests from the Wechsler Memory Scale III...
September 18, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919975/mild-cognitive-impairment-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-distinct-clinical-entity
#3
REVIEW
Ming-Ching Wen, Ling Ling Chan, Louis C S Tan, Eng King Tan
BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease (PD-MCI) is a common clinical condition. Understanding its pathology and clinical features is important for early intervention before the onset of dementia. In the past, variable definitions and differences in neuropsychological batteries generated divergent results of the affected cognitive patterns. MAIN BODY: The introduction of PD-MCI criteria by the Movement Disorders Society (MDS) Task Force provides a more uniform system for defining and measuring PD-MCI and may improve the validity of future research...
2017: Translational Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917203/cognitive-behavioral-correlates-of-proxy-reports-on-cognitive-capabilities-in-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy
#4
Christoph Helmstaedter, Renata Vaz Pandolfo, Christian Hoppe, Juri-Alexander Witt
PURPOSE: To validate the Cognitive Problems in Children and Adolescents Questionnaire (KOPKIJ, German: Kognitive Probleme bei Kindern und Jugendlichen), a proxy report measure for recognizing cognitive problems in pediatric patients with epilepsy. METHODS: Anonymized data sets from 279 pediatric epilepsy patients were standardized in regard to the KOPKIJ results of 352 healthy children and adolescents. The KOPKIJ was related to objective routine neuropsychological assessment (NPY), and to two subjective measures, the Child Behavior Checklist questionnaire (CBCL), a proxy rating by the parents, and a questionnaire for self-perceived health-related quality of life in children and adolescents (KINDL)...
September 6, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895090/effort-and-neuropsychological-performance-in-hiv-infected-individuals-on-stable-combination-antiretroviral-therapy
#5
Robert Paul, Gina Rhee, Laurie M Baker, Florin Vaida, Sarah A Cooley, Beau M Ances
The expression of cognitive symptoms associated with HIV varies over time and across individuals. This pattern may reflect transient contextual factors, including the degree of effort exerted by individuals undergoing cognitive testing. The present study examined whether effort corresponds to the expression of persistent HIV-related cognitive impairment among individuals receiving combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). HIV+ individuals (n = 111) averaged 48.2 (14.9) years of age and 13.0 (2.7) years of education and HIV- individuals (n = 92) averaged 34...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890300/tau-positron-emission-tomography-using-18-f-thk5351-and-cerebral-glucose-hypometabolism-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Jae Myeong Kang, Sang-Yoon Lee, Seongho Seo, Hye Jin Jeong, Sung-Ho Woo, Hyon Lee, Yeong-Bae Lee, Byeong Kil Yeon, Dong Hoon Shin, Kee Hyung Park, Hyejin Kang, Nobuyuki Okamura, Shozo Furumoto, Kazuhiko Yanai, Victor L Villemagne, Joon-Kyung Seong, Duk L Na, Tatsuo Ido, Jaelim Cho, Kyoung-Min Lee, Young Noh
This study aims to evaluate the clinical validity of [(18)F]THK5351 positron emission tomography (PET) for the assessment of disease progression and symptoms in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Fifty-one patients with AD dementia, 30 patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), and 43 controls with normal cognition (NC) were included. All subjects underwent [(18)F]THK5351 PET, 3.0-T magnetic resonance imaging, and detailed neuropsychological tests. Regions of interest and voxel-based statistical analyses were performed...
November 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880732/numerical-activities-of-daily-living-financial-nadl-f-a-tool-for-the-assessment-of-financial-capacities
#7
Giorgio Arcara, Francesca Burgio, Silvia Benavides-Varela, Roberta Toffano, Patrizia Gindri, Elisabetta Tonini, Francesca Meneghello, Carlo Semenza
Financial capacity is the ability to manage one's own finances according to self-interests. Failure in financial decisions and lack of independence when dealing with money can affect people's quality of life and are associated with neuropsychological deficits or clinical conditions such as mild cognitive impairment or Alzheimer's disease. Despite the importance of evaluating financial capacity in the assessment of patients with neuropsychological and psychiatric disorders, only a few tools have been developed...
September 7, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878665/memory-alteration-test-to-detect-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-early-alzheimer-s-dementia-in-population-with-low-educational-level
#8
Nilton Custodio, David Lira, Eder Herrera-Perez, Rosa Montesinos, Sheila Castro-Suarez, José Cuenca-Alfaro, Lucía Valeriano-Lorenzo
Background/Aims: Short tests to early detection of the cognitive impairment are necessary in primary care setting, particularly in populations with low educational level. The aim of this study was to assess the performance of Memory Alteration Test (M@T) to discriminate controls, patients with amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI) and patients with early Alzheimer's Dementia (AD) in a sample of individuals with low level of education. Methods: Cross-sectional study to assess the performance of the M@T (study test), compared to the neuropsychological evaluation (gold standard test) scores in 247 elderly subjects with low education level from Lima-Peru...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873468/neuropsychological-functioning-age-and-medication-adherence-in-bipolar-disorder
#9
Nadia Corréard, Julia-Lou Consoloni, Aurélie Raust, Bruno Etain, Romain Guillot, Sophie Job, Joséphine Loftus, Isabelle Médecin, Thierry Bougerol, Mircea Polosan, Benjamin Fredembach, Sébastien Gard, Katia M'Bailara, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Paul Roux, Anne-Sophie Homassel, Mathilde Carminati, Lucile Matos, Emilie Olié, Frank Bellivier, Philippe Courtet, Chantal Henry, Marion Leboyer, Jean-Michel Azorin, Raoul Belzeaux
OBJECTIVES: Poor adherence to medication is frequent in bipolar disorder (BD) and has been associated with several factors. To date, the relationship between low adherence and neuropsychological functioning in BD is still unclear. As age and neuropsychological functioning might have opposing influences on adherence, our aim was to investigate this link with a particular focus on the effect of age. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we included 353 patients divided into two age-groups (16-46; 47-71) from a French cohort diagnosed with BD (type I, II, NOS) and strictly euthymic...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869957/diagnostic-value-of-time-constrained-naming-test-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#10
Yun Kyung Hwang, Eosu Kim, Yong Bum Kim, Yong Wook Kim, Chung Mo Nam, Seung-Hun Cho, HyangHee Kim
BACKGROUND: Naming difficulties have recently garnered more interest in elderly individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). We anticipate that naming tests with the consideration of response time can provide more informative and distinct neuropsychological profiles of individuals with MCI. METHODS: Naming tests were administered to 76 elderly individuals with MCI and 149 healthy elderly (HE). We analyzed the impact of MCI on naming performance and occurrence of "delayed" response...
September 5, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843155/do-complaints-of-everyday-cognitive-failures-in-high-schizotypy-relate-to-emotional-working-memory-deficits-in-the-lab
#11
Nicole Carrigan, Emma Barkus, Adriel Ong, Maryann Wei
BACKGROUND: Individuals high on schizotypy complain of increased cognitive failures in everyday life. However, the neuropsychological performance of this group does not consistently indicate underlying ability deficits. It is possible that current neuropsychological tests lack ecological validity. Given the increased affective reactivity of high schizotypes, they may be more sensitive to emotional content interfering with cognitive ability. This study sought to explore whether an affective n-back working memory task would elicit impaired performance in schizotypy, echoing complaints concerning real world cognition...
July 5, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842292/using-game-authoring-platforms-to-develop-screen-based-simulated-functional-assessments-in-persons-with-executive-dysfunction-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
David Martínez-Pernía, Javier Núñez-Huasaf, Ángel Del Blanco, Amparo Ruiz-Tagle, Juan Velásquez, Mariela Gomez, Carl Robert Blesius, Agustin Ibañez, Baltasar Fernández-Manjón, Andrea Slachevsky
The assessment of functional status is a critical component of clinical neuropsychological evaluations used for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes in patients with cognitive brain disorders. There are, however, no widely adopted neuropsychological tests that are both ecologically valid and easily administered in daily clinical practice. This discrepancy is a roadblock to the widespread adoption of functional assessments. In this paper, we propose a novel approach using a serious game authoring platform (eAdventure) for creating screen-based simulated functional assessments...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841472/neuropsychological-outcomes-following-stereotactic-laser-amygdalohippocampectomy
#13
Melanie R F Greenway, John A Lucas, Anteneh M Feyissa, Sanjeet Grewal, Robert E Wharen, William O Tatum
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to analyze neuropsychological testing data from 15 patients before and after stereotactic laser ablation surgery for temporal lobe epilepsy and to describe the seizure outcomes after stereotactic laser ablation surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review of 15 patients who underwent stereotactic laser ablation and who also underwent neuropsychological testing before and after surgery was performed. Verbal and visual memory was assessed in all 15 patients using California Verbal Learning Test and Wechsler Memory Scale IV...
August 22, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837678/clinical-utility-of-the-ucsd-performance-based-skills-assessment-brief-upsa-b-in-adults-living-with-hiv-associations-with-neuropsychological-impairment-and-patient-reported-everyday-functioning-difficulties
#14
Raeanne C Moore, Emily W Paolillo, Anne Heaton, Pariya L Fazeli, Dilip V Jeste, David J Moore
OBJECTIVE: Requiring only 10-15 minutes to complete, the UCSD Performance-Based Skills Assessment (UPSA-B) has high clinical utility as a brief measure of functional capacity. This study aimed to validate the UPSA-B in adults living with HIV/AIDS (HIV+), and identify whether the UPSA-B can be used as an indicator of functional dependence in this population. METHOD: One hundred and three HIV+ adults and 91 HIV- adults completed a comprehensive neuropsychological and neuromedical battery, including a self-report measure of functional status (IADL Dependence vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836450/validation-of-the-advanced-clinical-solutions-word-choice-test-wct-in-a-mixed-clinical-sample-establishing-classification-accuracy-sensitivity-specificity-and-cutoff-scores
#15
Kathleen M Bain, Jason R Soble
This study examined the Word Choice Test's (WCT) utility as a performance validity test in a mixed clinical sample of veterans referred for neuropsychological evaluation. Participants completed Green's Word Memory Test (WMT), WCT, and Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) Trial 1. Using the WMT as the criterion for valid performance, logistic regressions examined the WCT and TOMM's classification accuracy for those with and without cognitive impairment (CI). Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to establish cut scores which maximized the sensitivity/specificity of each measure...
August 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833868/the-use-of-visual-rating-scales-to-quantify-brain-mri-lesions-in-patients-with-hiv-infection
#16
Jessica Robinson-Papp, Allison Navis, Mandip S Dhamoon, Uraina S Clark, Jose Gutierrez-Contreras, Susan Morgello
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients commonly have abnormalities in cerebral white matter that are visible on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as hyperintensities (WMHs). Visual rating scales (VRSs) have been used to quantify WMH in other diseases such as cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD), but not in HIV. Such scales are advantageous because they are applicable to routinely acquired MRIs and so are suitable for large-scale studies and clinical care...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829667/construct-validity-of-the-functional-assessment-of-verbal-reasoning-and-executive-strategies-favres
#17
Christopher I Higginson, Tom Thompson, Abigail E Benjamin, Allison C Rosales, Katherine L Zane, Marisa Valenti, Karlie Ibrahim, Megan A Rock, Trisha A Chaffee
BACKGROUND: The Functional Assessment of Verbal Reasoning and Executive Strategies (FAVRES) is a measure of cognitive-communication and executive functions involving everyday tasks. Scores are predictive of employment status; however, the measure's construct validity is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The study's objective was to assess the linear association of FAVRES test performance with performance on a number of neuropsychological measures in a sample of individuals with neurocognitive deficits...
August 22, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826415/differentiating-bipolar-disorders-from-unipolar-depression-by-applying-the-brief-assessment-of-cognition-in-affective-disorders
#18
C-Y Lee, L-J Wang, Y Lee, C-F Hung, Y-C Huang, M-I Lee, S-Y Lee
BACKGROUND: Scholars continue to argue about whether bipolar disorders (BD) and unipolar depression (UD) are distinguishable with regard to neurocognitive function. This study aims to explore the cognitive profiles of UD and BD by applying the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Affective Disorders (BAC-A) for neuropsychological assessment. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 68 patients with UD, 67 patients with BD, and 135 healthy control subjects. We evaluated the participants' cognitive functions at euthymic status using the BAC-A, which is made up of six traditional cognitive subtests and the Affective Processing Test...
August 22, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826306/performance-on-the-test-of-memory-malingering-is-predicted-by-the-number-of-errors-on-its-first-10-items-on-an-inpatient-epilepsy-monitoring-unit
#19
Jonathan M Grabyan, Robert L Collins, W Alexander Alverson, David K Chen
OBJECTIVE: Performance validity testing is an increasingly vital component of neuropsychological evaluation, though administration of stand-alone performance validity tests (PVTs) can be time-consuming. As the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is among the most commonly used and researched PVTs, much work has focused on creating abbreviated versions while preserving diagnostic accuracy. A recent addition to this effort, errors on the first 10 items of Trial 1 (TOMMe10), was analyzed for its utility in predicting TOMM performance...
August 22, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792973/the-effects-of-normal-aging-on-multiple-aspects-of-financial-decision-making
#20
Dorien F Bangma, Anselm B M Fuermaier, Lara Tucha, Oliver Tucha, Janneke Koerts
OBJECTIVES: Financial decision-making (FDM) is crucial for independent living. Due to cognitive decline that accompanies normal aging, older adults might have difficulties in some aspects of FDM. However, an improved knowledge, personal experience and affective decision-making, which are also related to normal aging, may lead to a stable or even improved age-related performance in some other aspects of FDM. Therefore, the present explorative study examines the effects of normal aging on multiple aspects of FDM...
2017: PloS One
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