keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

performance validity neuropsychology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161350/embedded-performance-validity-tests-in-the-hopkins-verbal-learning-test-revised-and-the-brief-visuospatial-memory-test-revised-a-replication-study
#1
K Chase Bailey, Jason R Soble, Kathleen M Bain, Chrystal Fullen
Objective: Embedded performance validity tests (PVTs) within the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (HVLT-R) and Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised (BVMT-R) were recently identified. This study aimed to further validate/replicate these embedded PVTs. Method: Eighty clinically referred veterans who underwent neuropsychological evaluation were included. Validity groups were established by passing/failing 2-3 well-validated PVTs, with 75% (n = 60) classified as valid and 25% (n = 20) noncredible...
November 17, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143699/are-there-distinct-cognitive-and-motivational-sub-groups-of-children-with-adhd
#2
Rikke Lambek, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Rosemary Tannock, Anne Virring Sørensen, Dorte Damm, Per Hove Thomsen
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is proposed to be a neuropsychologically heterogeneous disorder that encompasses two distinct sub-groups, one with executive function (EF) deficits and one with delay aversion (DA). However, such claims have often been based on studies that have operationalized neuropsychological deficits using a categorical approach - using intuitive but rather arbitrary, clinical cut-offs. The current study applied an alternative empirical approach to sub-grouping in ADHD, latent profile analysis (LPA), and attempted to validate emerging subgroups through clinically relevant correlates...
November 16, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141818/does-including-the-full-cvlt-ii-and-bvmt-r-improve-bicams-evidence-from-a-belgian-dutch-validation-study
#3
Lars Costers, Jeroen Gielen, Piet L Eelen, Jeroen Van Schependom, Jorne Laton, Ann Van Remoortel, Ellen Vanzeir, Bart Van Wijmeersch, Pierrette Seeldrayers, Marie-Claire Haelewyck, Miguel D'Haeseleer, Marie-Beatrice D'hooghe, Dawn Langdon, Guy Nagels
BACKGROUND: The Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS) is a fast, easy-to-administer and already widely validated neuropsychological battery for cognition in multiple sclerosis. OBJECTIVE: The goals of our study were to validate the BICAMS in a Belgian Dutch-speaking population and to investigate to what extent including extensive versions of two of the three BICAMS subtests improved its psychometric qualities. METHODS: Ninety-seven persons with MS and ninety-seven healthy controls were included and group-matched on age, education level and gender...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126099/clinical-utility-of-select-neuropsychological-assessment-battery-tests-in-predicting-functional-abilities-in-dementia
#4
Lee Ashendorf, Michael L Alosco, Hanaan Bing-Canar, Kimberly R Chapman, Brett Martin, Christine E Chaisson, Diane Dixon, Eric G Steinberg, Yorghos Tripodis, Neil W Kowall, Robert A Stern
Objective: Neuropsychological test performance can provide insight into functional abilities in patients with dementia, particularly in the absence of an informant. The relationship between neuropsychological measures and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) is unclear due to hetereogeneity in cognitive domains assessed and neuropsychological tests administered. Practical and ecologically valid performance-based measures of IADLs are also limited. The Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NAB) is uniquely positioned to provide a dual-purpose assessment of cognitive and IADL function, as it includes Daily Living tests that simulate real-world functional tasks...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115192/a-novel-experimental-paradigm-to-evaluate-children-and-adolescents-diagnosed-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-comparison-with-two-standard-neuropsychological-methods
#5
Marcos F Rosetti, Rosa E Ulloa, Ernesto Reyes-Zamorano, Lino Palacios-Cruz, Francisco de la Peña, Robyn Hudson
INTRODUCTION: In this study we evaluated a recently developed test, the Ball Search Field Task (BSFT) as a neuropsychological tool for measuring cognitive and behavioral performance of individuals with disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which are frequently accompanied by cognitive deficits and a lack of behavioral inhibition. The task provides a complementary method of assessment that attempts ecological validity by drawing on challenges faced in real-world situations...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111772/aggregating-validity-indicators-the-salience-of-domain-specificity-and-the-indeterminate-range-in-multivariate-models-of-performance-validity-assessment
#6
Laszlo A Erdodi
This study was designed to examine the "domain specificity" hypothesis in performance validity tests (PVTs) and the epistemological status of an "indeterminate range" when evaluating the credibility of a neuropsychological profile using a multivariate model of performance validity assessment. While previous research suggests that aggregating PVTs produces superior classification accuracy compared to individual instruments, the effect of the congruence between the criterion and predictor variable on signal detection and the issue of classifying borderline cases remain understudied...
November 7, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096908/using-task-performance-to-inform-treatment-planning-for-youth-with-adhd-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Stephen J Molitor, Joshua M Langberg
The role that neuropsychological task performance plays in the assessment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is currently ambiguous, and findings are mixed regarding whether tasks have validity for diagnosing the disorder. Irrespective of their validity for diagnosing ADHD, neuropsychological tasks could provide valuable information to mental health professionals if they can inform recommendations for treatment targets and modalities. Therefore, this review sought to synthesize the available evidence related to the use of neuropsychological task performance as a tool for informing treatment planning for youth with ADHD...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091830/an-ecological-approach-to-the-behavioral-assessment-of-executive-functions-in-anorexia-nervosa
#8
Grazia Fernanda Spitoni, Massimiliano Aragonaa, Sara Bevacqua, Armando Cotugno, Gabriella Antonucci
The use of ecological tests to assess executive functions (EFs) in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) has not examined extensively. The objective of this study was to analyze and compare the performance of patients with AN and healthy controls (HCs) on standard versus ecologically valid tests on EFs. Sixty-two females aged between 16 and 42 who were diagnosed with AN and 70 matched HCs completed 2 neuropsychological test batteries: standard tests (WCST, TMT, Stroop, ToL, fluency test) and the Behavioral Assessment of Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS)...
October 25, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069278/performance-validity-neurocognitive-disorder-and-post-concussion-symptom-reporting-in-service-members-with-a-history-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Sara M Lippa, Rael T Lange, Louis M French, Grant L Iverson
Objective: To examine the influence of different performance validity test (PVT) cutoffs on neuropsychological performance, post-concussion symptoms, and rates of neurocognitive disorder and postconcussional syndrome following mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) in active duty service members. Method: Participants were 164 service members (Age: M = 28.1 years [SD = 7.3]) evaluated on average 4.1 months (SD = 5.0) following injury. Participants were divided into three mutually exclusive groups using original and alternative cutoff scores on the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) and the Effort Index (EI) from the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS): (a) PVT-Pass, n = 85; (b) Alternative PVT-Fail, n = 53; and (c) Original PVT-Fail, n = 26...
October 21, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042856/the-utility-of-a-computerized-algorithm-based-on-a-multi-domain-profile-of-measures-for-the-diagnosis-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Alessandro Crippa, Christian Salvatore, Erika Molteni, Maddalena Mauri, Antonio Salandi, Sara Trabattoni, Carlo Agostoni, Massimo Molteni, Maria Nobile, Isabella Castiglioni
The current gold standard for diagnosis of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) includes subjective measures, such as clinical interview, observation, and rating scales. The significant heterogeneity of ADHD symptoms represents a challenge for this assessment and could prevent an accurate diagnosis. The aim of this work was to investigate the ability of a multi-domain profile of measures, including blood fatty acid (FA) profiles, neuropsychological measures, and functional measures from near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), to correctly recognize school-aged children with ADHD...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041993/development-of-a-contextualized-version-of-the-multiple-errands-test-for-people-with-substance-dependence
#11
Carlos Valls-Serrano, Antonio Verdejo-García, Xavier Noël, Alfonso Caracuel
BACKGROUND: Substance dependence is associated with deficits in several areas of executive functioning, such as planning and multitasking. Traditional tests of executive functioning have been criticized for their low ecological validity. Shallice and Burgess (1991) developed the Multiple Errands Test (MET), where participants are required to perform multiple tasks in a real-world setting. In this study, we aimed to adapt the MET for use in populations with substance dependence. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to: (1) examine the applicability of a contextualized version of the Multiple Errands Test, namely, the Multiple Errands Test - Contextualized Version (MET-CV); (2) study the testing context reliability and convergent validity of MET-CV scores; (3) compare the performance of people with substance dependence to a control group...
October 18, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034496/clinical-impact-of-the-microembolic-signal-burden-during-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-just-a-lot-of-noise
#12
Christian von Bary, Thomas Deneke, Thomas Arentz, Anja Schade, Heiko Lehrmann, Susanne Schwab-Malek, Sabine Fredersdorf, Dobri Baldaranov, Lars Maier, Felix Schlachetzki
OBJECTIVES: Microembolic signal detection by transcranial Doppler ultrasonography may be considered a surrogate for cerebral events during invasive cardiac procedures. However, the impact of the microembolic signal count during pulmonary vein isolation on the clinical outcome is not well evaluated. We investigated the effect of the microembolic signal count on the occurrence of new silent cerebral embolism measured by diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), changes in neuropsychological testing, and the occurrence of clinical events during long-term follow-up after pulmonary vein isolation...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033974/cognitive-deficits-in-chronic-stroke-patients-neuropsychological-assessment-depression-and-self-reports
#13
Arne E Nakling, Dag Aarsland, Halvor Næss, Daniel Wollschlaeger, Tormod Fladby, Håkon Hofstad, Eike Wehling
BACKGROUND: Following stroke, clinicians are challenged to detect and untangle symptoms of cognitive dysfunction and mood disorders. Additionally, they need to evaluate the informative value of self-reports to identify patients in need of further attendance. AIMS: To examine the association between neuropsychological measures, symptoms of depression, and self-reported cognitive function. METHODS: One-hundred and five chronic stroke patients underwent assessment covering 6 cognitive domains and answered the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Memory and Thinking Scale from the Stroke Impact Scale 1 year after stroke...
May 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991728/screening-for-cognitive-impairment-by-model-assisted-cerebral-blood-flow-estimation
#14
Toni Lassila, Luigi Yuri Di Marco, Micaela Mitolo, Vincenzo Iaia, Giorgio Levedianos, Annalena Venneri, Alejandro F Frangi
OBJECTIVE: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive and debilitating neurodegenerative disease; a major health concern in the ageing population with an estimated prevalence of 46 million dementia cases worldwide. Early diagnosis is therefore crucial so mitigating treatments can be initiated at an early stage. Cerebral hypoperfusion has been linked with blood-brain barrier dysfunction in the early stages of AD, and screening for chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in individuals has been proposed for improving the early diagnosis of AD...
October 5, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991698/pitx3-genotype-and-risk-of-dementia-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-population-based-study
#15
David Bäckström, Magdalena Eriksson Domellöf, Gabriel Granåsen, Jan Linder, Sofia Mayans, Eva Elgh, Susanna Jakobson Mo, Lars Forsgren
Dementia is a devastating manifestation of Parkinson's disease (PD). This study investigates whether a common polymorphism in the PITX3 gene (rs2281983), which is of importance for the function of dopaminergic neurons, affects the risk of developing dementia in PD and whether it affects dopamine transporter (DAT) uptake. We PITX3 genotyped 133 patients with new-onset, idiopathic PD, participating in a population-based study in Sweden. Patients were followed prospectively during 6-11years with extensive investigations, including neuropsychology and DAT-imaging with (123)I FP-CIT...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968237/prediction-model-of-conversion-to-dementia-risk-in-subjects-with-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-longitudinal-multi-center-clinic-based-study
#16
Hyemin Jang, Byoung Seok Ye, Sookyoung Woo, Sun Woo Kim, Juhee Chin, Seong Hye Choi, Jee Hyang Jeong, Soo Jin Yoon, Bora Yoon, Kyung Won Park, Yun Jeong Hong, Hee Jin Kim, Samuel N Lockhart, Duk L Na, Sang Won Seo
BACKGROUND: Patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) have an increased risk of dementia. However, conversion rate varies. Therefore, predicting the dementia conversion in these patients is important. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop a nomogram to predict dementia conversion in aMCI subjects using neuropsychological profiles. METHODS: A total of 338 aMCI patients from two hospital-based cohorts were used in analysis. All patients were classified into 1) verbal, visual, or both, 2) early or late, and 3) single or multiple-domain aMCI according to the modality, severity of memory dysfunction, and multiplicity of involved cognitive domains, respectively...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961765/normative-data-for-the-hayling-and-brixton-tests-in-an-italian-population
#17
Grazia Fernanda Spitoni, Sara Bevacqua, Claudia Cerini, Paola Ciurli, Laura Piccardi, Paola Guariglia, Lina Pezzuti, Gabriella Antonucci
Objective: The Hayling and Brixton tests constitute a short test battery that quickly assesses verbal and spatial inhibition and flexibility. This battery has shown high construct validity and strong reliability in clinical and experimental settings. The aim of this study was to develop an Italian version of the Hayling and Brixton tests and obtain normative values. Method: We collected normative data from 301 healthy Italian participants aged between 16 and 94 years, taking into account all demographics...
August 22, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961736/performance-validity-in-deep-brain-stimulation-candidates
#18
Maria A Rossetti, Robert L Collins, Michele K York
Objective: Effort and motivation are important factors that influence performance on neuropsychological tests. Performance validity tests (PVT) have not been investigated in a sample of individuals who are at risk for cognitive decline and are presumably highly motivated to do well. The aim of the current study is to investigate performance validity in individuals with Parkinson's disease and essential tremor who are being considered for deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery. Methods: Thirty DBS surgical candidates underwent neuropsychological evaluation including completion of the Word Memory Test (WMT) as well as embedded PVTs...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961684/validity-and-reliability-of-baseline-testing-in-a-standardized-environment
#19
Kathryn L Higgins, Todd Caze, Arthur Maerlender
Objective: The Immediate Postconcussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) is a computerized neuropsychological test battery commonly used to determine cognitive recovery from concussion based on comparing post-injury scores to baseline scores. This model is based on the premise that ImPACT baseline test scores are a valid and reliable measure of optimal cognitive function at baseline. Growing evidence suggests that this premise may not be accurate and a large contributor to invalid and unreliable baseline test scores may be the protocol and environment in which baseline tests are administered...
August 11, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923143/validation-of-the-cognition-test-battery-for-spaceflight-in-a-sample-of-highly-educated-adults
#20
Tyler M Moore, Mathias Basner, Jad Nasrini, Emanuel Hermosillo, Sushila Kabadi, David R Roalf, Sarah McGuire, Adrian J Ecker, Kosha Ruparel, Allison M Port, Chad T Jackson, David F Dinges, Ruben C Gur
BACKGROUND: Neuropsychological changes that may occur due to the environmental and psychological stressors of prolonged spaceflight motivated the development of the Cognition Test Battery. The battery was designed to assess multiple domains of neurocognitive functions linked to specific brain systems. Tests included in Cognition have been validated, but not in high-performing samples comparable to astronauts, which is an essential step toward ensuring their usefulness in long-duration space missions...
October 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
keyword
keyword
79155
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"