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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789252/a-history-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-at-the-national-football-league-combine-results-in-inferior-early-national-football-league-career-participation
#1
Matthew T Provencher, James P Bradley, Jorge Chahla, Anthony Sanchez, Brendin R Beaulieu-Jones, Justin W Arner, Nicholas I Kennedy, George Sanchez, Mitchell I Kennedy, Gilbert Moatshe, Mark E Cinque, Robert F LaPrade
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether players with a history of an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) before the National Football League (NFL) Combine played or started fewer games and/or participated in fewer eligible snaps compared with NFL Combine participants without a history of knee injury or surgery. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all players who participated in the NFL Combine between 2009 and 2015 and who had a history of an ACLR...
May 19, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554460/reporting-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-preparation-protocols-and-composition-a-systematic-review-of-the-clinical-orthopaedic-literature
#2
Patrick G Robinson, Iain R Murray, Christopher C West, Ewan B Goudie, Li Y Yong, Timothy O White, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are increasingly being used in the treatment of a wide variety of sports-related conditions. Despite this enthusiasm, the biological properties of MSCs and their effects on musculoskeletal tissue healing remain poorly understood. MSC-based strategies encompass cell populations with heterogeneous phenotypes isolated from multiple tissues and using different methods. Therefore, comprehensive reporting of the source, preparation methods, and characteristics of MSC strategies is essential to enable interpretation of results...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517925/meniscus-root-repair-vs-meniscectomy-or-nonoperative-management-to-prevent-knee-osteoarthritis-after-medial-meniscus-root-tears-clinical-and-economic-effectiveness
#3
Scott C Faucett, Benjamin Peter Geisler, Jorge Chahla, Aaron J Krych, Peter R Kurzweil, Abigail M Garner, Shan Liu, Robert F LaPrade, Jan B Pietzsch
BACKGROUND: Medial meniscus root tears are a common knee injury and can lead to accelerated osteoarthritis, which might ultimately result in a total knee replacement. PURPOSE: To compare meniscus repair, meniscectomy, and nonoperative treatment approaches among middle-aged patients in terms of osteoarthritis development, total knee replacement rates (clinical effectiveness), and cost-effectiveness. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441402/-left-to-my-own-devices-i-don-t-know-using-theory-and-patient-reported-barriers-to-move-from-physical-activity-recommendations-to-practice
#4
C Ziebart, C McArthur, L Lee, A Papaioannou, J Laprade, A M Cheung, R Jain, L Giangregorio
Knowledge exchange with community-dwelling individuals across Ontario revealed barriers to implementation of physical activity recommendations that reflected capability, opportunity, and motivation; barriers unique to individuals with osteoporosis include fear of fracturing, trust in providers, and knowledge of exercise terminology. Using the Behaviour Change Wheel, we identified interventions (training, education, modeling) and policy categories (communication/marketing, guidelines, service provision). INTRODUCTION: Physical activity recommendations exist for individuals with osteoporosis; however, to change behavior, we must address barriers and facilitators to their implementation...
February 13, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395555/reporting-standards-in-clinical-studies-evaluating-bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrate-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Iain R Murray, Patrick G Robinson, Christopher C West, Ewan B Goudie, Li Y Yong, Timothy O White, Robert F LaPrade
PURPOSE: To perform a systematic review of clinical studies evaluating bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) in the treatment of musculoskeletal pathology to compare levels of reporting with recently published minimum standards. METHODS: A systematic review of the clinical literature from August 2002 to August 2017 was performed. Human clinical studies published in English and involving the administration of BMAC for musculoskeletal applications were included...
April 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225016/posterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-of-the-knee-at-the-national-football-league-combine-an-imaging-and-epidemiology-study
#6
Catherine A Logan, Brendin R Beaulieu-Jones, George Sanchez, Jorge Chahla, Nicholas I Kennedy, Mark E Cinque, Robert F LaPrade, James M Whalen, Bryan G Vopat, Mark D Price, Matthew T Provencher
PURPOSE: To determine the epidemiology by player position, examination, imaging findings, and associated injuries of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries in players participating in the National Football League (NFL) Combine. METHODS: All PCL injuries identified at the NFL Combine (2009-2015) were reviewed. Data were obtained from the database organized by the NFL medical personnel for the compilation of the medical and physical performance examination results of NFL Draftees participating in the NFL Combine from 2009 to 2015...
March 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225015/symptomatic-focal-knee-chondral-injuries-in-national-football-league-combine-players-are-associated-with-poorer-performance-and-less-volume-of-play
#7
Matthew T Provencher, Jorge Chahla, Mark E Cinque, George Sanchez, Nicholas I Kennedy, Daniel B Haber, Ashley J Tisosky, Brendin R Beaulieu-Jones, Mark D Price, James M Whalen, Gilbert Moatshe, Robert F LaPrade
PURPOSE: To (1) describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of knee chondral injuries identified at the National Football League (NFL) Combine and (2) assess in-game performance of prospective NFL players with previously untreated knee chondral injuries and compare it with matched controls. METHODS: All players with knee chondral injuries identified at the NFL Combine (2009-2015) were retrospectively reviewed. Players with prior knee surgery were excluded...
March 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211969/use-of-platelet-rich-plasma-immediately-after-an-injury-did-not-improve-ligament-healing-and-increasing-platelet-concentrations-was-detrimental-in-an-in-vivo-animal-model
#8
Robert F LaPrade, Laurie R Goodrich, Jennifer Phillips, Grant J Dornan, Travis Lee Turnbull, Michael L Hawes, Kimi D Dahl, Ashley N Coggins, John Kisiday, David Frisbie, Jorge Chahla
BACKGROUND: Limited information in basic science and clinical trials exists to determine if ligament healing may be accelerated with the use of biological adjuvants, such as platelet-rich plasma (PRP). However, there has been widespread acceptance of PRP for use in clinical practice, despite an inadequate understanding of its biological mechanism of action. PURPOSE: To determine whether a single dose of PRP could accelerate ligament healing and correspondingly improve histological characteristics and biomechanical properties when injected immediately postoperatively into the injured medial collateral ligament (MCL) of New Zealand White rabbits...
March 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102567/clinical-and-radiologic-outcomes-after-scaphoid-fracture-injury-and-treatment-patterns-in-national-football-league-combine-athletes-between-2009-and-2014
#9
Gilbert Moatshe, Jonathan A Godin, Jorge Chahla, Mark E Cinque, Nicholas I Kennedy, George Sanchez, Brendin R Beaulieu-Jones, Robert F LaPrade, Matthew T Provencher
PURPOSE: To report on the clinical and radiologic outcomes and complications after surgical treatment in National Football League (NFL) Combine athletes with a history of a scaphoid fracture. METHODS: The medical records of 2,285 athletes participating in the NFL Combine from 2009 to 2015 were evaluated for a history of scaphoid, hand, or wrist injury. Clinical outcomes, including grip strength, pinch test, range of motion, and presence of pain and stiffness, were recorded...
December 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040132/a-call-for-standardization-in-platelet-rich-plasma-preparation-protocols-and-composition-reporting-a-systematic-review-of-the-clinical-orthopaedic-literature
#10
REVIEW
Jorge Chahla, Mark E Cinque, Nicolas S Piuzzi, Sandeep Mannava, Andrew G Geeslin, Iain R Murray, Grant J Dornan, George F Muschler, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a blood-derived preparation whose use has grown exponentially in orthopaedic practice. However, there remains an unclear understanding of the biological properties and effects of PRP on musculoskeletal healing. Heterogeneous processing methods, unstandardized nomenclature, and ambiguous classifications make comparison among studies challenging. A comprehensive assessment of orthopaedic clinical PRP trials is key to unraveling the biological complexity of PRP, while improving standardized communication...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831830/biological-treatment-of-the-knee-with-platelet-rich-plasma-or-bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrates
#11
REVIEW
Gilbert Moatshe, Elizabeth R Morris, Mark E Cinque, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido, Jorge Chahla, Lars Engebretsen, Robert F Laprade
- Knee pathologies including focal cartilage injuries, osteoarthritis (OA), and ligament injuries are common. The poor regeneration and healing potential of cartilage has led to the search for other treatment modalities with improved healing capacity. Furthermore, with an increasing elderly population that desires to remain active, the burden of knee pathologies is expected to increase. Increased sports participation and the desire to return to activities faster is also demanding more effective and minimally invasive treatment options...
December 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831016/infographic-we-need-minimum-reporting-standards-for-biologics
#12
EDITORIAL
Iain R Murray, Andrew D Murray, Andrew G Geeslin, Ewan B Goudie, Timothy O White, Frank A Petrigliano, Robert F LaPrade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806092/comparable-outcomes-after-bucket-handle-meniscal-repair-and-vertical-meniscal-repair-can-be-achieved-at-a-minimum-2-years-follow-up
#13
Gilbert Moatshe, Mark E Cinque, Jonathan A Godin, Alexander R Vap, Jorge Chahla, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Meniscal tears can lead to significant pain and disability, necessitating surgical treatment. Nondisplaced vertical tears are usually smaller in size and can be repaired in most cases; however, bucket-handle tears are usually larger and displaced, and the repair of these tears can be challenging. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose was to report the outcomes after inside-out vertical mattress suture meniscal repair of bucket-handle tears and to compare these outcomes with those of patients who underwent repair of nondisplaced vertical meniscal tears with a minimum of 2 years' follow-up...
November 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678124/an-in-vivo-simulation-of-isometry-of-the-anterolateral-aspect-of-the-healthy-knee
#14
Willem A Kernkamp, Samuel K Van de Velde, Tsung-Yuan Tsai, Ewoud R A van Arkel, Peter D Asnis, Rob G H H Nelissen, Robert F LaPrade, Bertram Zarins, Guoan Li
BACKGROUND: To assess the isometry of theoretical lateral extra-articular reconstruction (LER), we evaluated theoretical grafts attached to various points on the lateral femoral condylar area and to either Gerdy's tubercle or the anatomic attachment site of the anterolateral ligament to the tibia. METHODS: In 18 subjects, healthy knees with no history of either injury or surgery involving the lower extremity were studied. The subjects performed a sit-to-stand motion (from approximately 90° of flexion to full extension), and each knee was studied using magnetic resonance and dual fluoroscopic imaging techniques...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654807/per-and-poly-fluoroalkyl-compounds-in-freshwater-fish-from-the-rh%C3%A3-ne-river-influence-of-fish-size-diet-prey-contamination-and-biotransformation
#15
Marc Babut, Pierre Labadie, Caroline Simonnet-Laprade, Gabriel Munoz, Marie-Claude Roger, Benoit J D Ferrari, Hélène Budzinski, Eve Sivade
Pools of aquatic plants and benthic invertebrates were collected along with 47 individuals from three cyprinid fish species (Barbus barbus, Gobio gobio, Rutilus rutilus) at a site in the Rhône River (France). Carbon and nitrogen isotopic ratios (δ13 C and δ15 N) and a wide range of per- and poly-fluorinated chemicals (PFASs) were analysed in all samples. The sum of PFAS concentrations (ΣPFAS) increased from aquatic plants to fish dorsal muscles; molecular profiles were dominated by C9-C13 perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs), while perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctane sulfonamide (FOSA) were detected in all samples at lower concentrations...
December 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609131/a-comprehensive-reanalysis-of-the-distal-iliotibial-band-quantitative-anatomy-radiographic-markers-and-biomechanical-properties
#16
Jonathan A Godin, Jorge Chahla, Gilbert Moatshe, Bradley M Kruckeberg, Kyle J Muckenhirn, Alexander R Vap, Andrew G Geeslin, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: The qualitative anatomy of the distal iliotibial band (ITB) has previously been described. However, a comprehensive characterization of the quantitative anatomic, radiographic, and biomechanical properties of the Kaplan fibers of the deep distal ITB has not yet been established. It is paramount to delineate these characteristics to fully understand the distal ITB's contribution to rotational knee stability. Purpose/Hypothesis: There were 2 distinct purposes for this study: (1) to perform a quantitative anatomic and radiographic evaluation of the distal ITB's attachment sites and their relationships to pertinent osseous and soft tissue landmarks, and (2) to quantify the biomechanical properties of the deep (Kaplan) fibers of the distal ITB...
September 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607939/the-role-of-the-peripheral-passive-rotation-stabilizers-of-the-knee-with-intact-collateral-and-cruciate-ligaments-a-biomechanical-study
#17
Alexander R Vap, Jason M Schon, Gilbert Moatshe, Raphael S Cruz, Alex W Brady, Grant J Dornan, Travis Lee Turnbull, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: A subset of patients have clinical internal and/or external knee rotational instability despite no apparent injury to the cruciate or collateral ligaments. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of sequentially cutting the posterolateral, anterolateral, posteromedial, and anteromedial structures of the knee on rotational stability in the setting of intact cruciate and collateral ligaments. It was hypothesized that cutting of the iliotibial band (ITB), anterolateral ligament and lateral capsule (ALL/LC), posterior oblique ligament (POL), and posteromedial capsule (PMC) would significantly increase internal rotation, while sectioning of the anteromedial capsule (AMC) and the popliteus tendon and popliteofibular ligament (PLT/PFL) would lead to a significant increase in external knee rotation...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580247/repair-of-proximal-hamstring-tears-a-surgical-technique
#18
Gilbert Moatshe, Jorge Chahla, Alexander R Vap, Marcio Ferrari, George Sanchez, Justin J Mitchell, Robert F LaPrade
Proximal hamstring tears are among the most common sports-related injuries. These injuries often occur as strains or partial tears at the proximal muscle belly or the musculotendinous junction, with avulsion injuries of the proximal attachment occurring less frequently. Regardless of the mechanism, they produce functional impairment and negatively affect an athlete's performance. Various classifications for these injuries are reported in the literature. Early surgical treatment is recommended for patients with either a 2-tendon tear/avulsion with more than 2 cm retraction or those with complete 3-tendon tears...
April 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509821/minimum-information-for-studies-evaluating-biologics-in-orthopaedics-mibo-platelet-rich-plasma-and-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#19
Iain R Murray, Andrew G Geeslin, Ewan B Goudie, Frank A Petrigliano, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive approach to the evaluation of biologic therapies for musculoskeletal conditions is required to guide appropriate future use. Clinical studies evaluating platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are limited by inadequate reporting of scientific details critical to outcome. We developed minimum reporting requirements for clinical studies evaluating PRP and MSCs using Delphi consensus methods. METHODS: The need for consensus on the minimum reporting requirements for studies evaluating biologics was identified at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons/Orthopaedic Research Society (AAOS/ORS) Biologic Treatments for Orthopaedic Injuries Symposium in 2015 and the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM) Biologic Treatments for Sports Injuries II Think Tank in 2015...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508006/early-osteoarthritis-after-untreated-anterior-meniscal-root-tears-an-in-vivo-animal-study
#20
Brett D Steineman, Robert F LaPrade, Kelly S Santangelo, Brent T Warner, Laurie R Goodrich, Tammy L Haut Donahue
BACKGROUND: Meniscal root tears cause menisci and their insertions to inadequately distribute loads and potentially leave underlying articular cartilage unprotected. Untreated meniscal root tears are becoming increasingly recognized to induce joint degradation; however, little information is known about anterior meniscal root tears and how they affect joint tissue. PURPOSE: To observe the early degenerative changes within the synovial fluid, menisci, tibial articular cartilage, and subchondral bone after arthroscopic creation of untreated anterior meniscal root tears...
April 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
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