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Leukemia, lymphoma, myeloma, thrombosis

Daniel R Couriel, Holly Ricker, Mary Steinbach, Catherine J Lee
Neurologic manifestations are common in blood diseases, and they can be caused by the hematologic disorder or its treatment. This article discusses hematologic diseases in adult patients, and categorizes them into benign and malignant conditions. The more common benign hematologic diseases associated with neurologic manifestations include anemias, particularly caused by B12 deficiency and sickle cell disease, and a variety of disorders of hemostasis causing bleeding or thrombosis, including thrombotic microangiopathy...
August 2016: Hematology/oncology Clinics of North America
Andrei S Purysko, Antonio C Westphalen, Erick M Remer, Christopher P Coppa, Hilton M Leão Filho, Brian R Herts
The kidneys and perinephric tissues can be affected by a variety of hematologic disorders, which usually occur in the setting of multisystem involvement. In many of these disorders, imaging is used to evaluate the extent of disease, guide biopsy, and/or monitor disease activity and patient response to therapy. Lymphoma, leukemia, and multiple myeloma commonly manifest as multiple parenchymal or perinephric lesions. Erdheim-Chester disease and Rosai-Dorfman disease, rare forms of multisystemic histiocytosis, are often identified as perinephric and periureteral masses...
July 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Riccardo Colombo, Paolo Gallipoli, Roberto Castelli
There is a paucity of data that pertain to thrombosis in patients with hematological malignancies. Recent studies showed that patients with lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and acute leukemia have an increased thrombotic risk, particularly at the time of diagnosis and during chemotherapy. We searched the PubMed database for articles on thromboembolic complications in patients with hematological malignancies published between 1996 and 2013. The incidence of thrombotic events is variable, and is influenced by the type and the stage of hematological malignancy, the antitumor therapy, and the use of central venous devices...
December 2014: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
Anna Falanga, Marina Marchetti, Laura Russo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the current knowledge of the epidemiology, prophylaxis, and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with lymphoma, multiple myeloma or acute leukemia. RECENT FINDINGS: Hematologic malignancies are associated with a high risk of thrombotic complications. The incidence of these events is greatly variable and is influenced by many factors, including the type and the stage of disease, antitumor therapies, and the use of central venous device (CVD)...
November 2012: Current Opinion in Oncology
Benjamin Brenner, Irit Avivi, Michael Lishner
Haematological cancer in pregnancy, although rare, poses a substantial risk to both mother and fetus. Hodgkin's lymphoma is the most common, followed by non-Hodgkin lymphoma and acute leukaemia. Diagnosis of haematological cancers is challenged by an overlap of the disease and gestation-related symptoms and limitations of imaging studies in pregnancy. Data for safety and effectiveness of therapy are scarce and mostly retrospective. This report provides updated guidance for management, focusing on chemotherapy and biological agents...
February 11, 2012: Lancet
Ted Wun, Richard H White
The association of malignancies and venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a long held axiom in medicine. A growing number of studies have demonstrated that the risk of VTE associated with the hematological malignancies acute leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma is considerable. In fact, the incidence associated with these malignancies exceeds that for many solid tumors. Contributing factors include malignancy associated hypercoagulable factors; antineoplastic therapies such as high dose corticosteroids, L-asparaginase, and new immunomodulatory agents; central venous catheters; and hematopoietic growth factors...
April 2010: Thrombosis Research
Helene F S Negaard, Per Ole Iversen, Bjørn Østenstad, Nina Iversen, Pål A Holme, Per Morten Sandset
Patients with haematological malignancies carry increased risk of venous thrombosis (VT). However, the mechanisms that link these malignancies to activated coagulation have not been fully identified. Since anti-haemostatic agents are studied in clinical trials for their potential to prolong survival in cancer patients, a detailed characterisation of haemostatic markers in cancer subtypes is needed. Hence, in this study, we measured the plasma concentrations and mRNA expression in blood mononuclear cells of haemostatic parameters in 93 patients with haematological neoplasias (acute myeloid leukaemia, chronic lymphatic leukaemia, multiple myeloma, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma) before start and after completion of cancer therapy...
June 2008: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
David E Gerber
Targeted therapies, which include monoclonal antibodies and small molecule inhibitors, have significantly changed the treatment of cancer over the past 10 years. These drugs are now a component of therapy for many common malignancies, including breast, colorectal, lung, and pancreatic cancers, as well as lymphoma, leukemia, and multiple myeloma. The mechanisms of action and toxicities of targeted therapies differ from those of traditional cytotoxic chemotherapy. Targeted therapies are generally better tolerated than traditional chemotherapy, but they are associated with several adverse effects, such as acneiform rash, cardiac dysfunction, thrombosis, hypertension, and proteinuria...
February 1, 2008: American Family Physician
Anna Falanga, Frederick R Rickles
The rate of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with acute leukemia or lymphomas is comparable with that of other "high-risk" cancer types. Chemotherapy and anti-angiogenic drugs increase the thrombotic risk in patients with lymphomas, acute leukemias and multiple myeloma (MM). Patients with hematologic malignancies often present with a hypercoagulable state or chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in the absence of active thrombosis and/or bleeding. Malignant cell procoagulant properties, cytotoxic therapies, and concomitant infections are major determinants for clotting activation in hematologic malignancies...
2007: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
Michael L Linenberger, Ann K Wittkowsky
Thromboembolism affects many patients with solid tumors and clonal hematologic malignancies. Pathogenetic mechanisms include inflammatory- and tissue factor-mediated coagulation, natural anticoagulant deficiencies, fibrinolytic alterations, hyperviscosity, and activation of platelets, endothelial cells, and leukocytes. High rates of venous thromboembolism (VTE) occur with advanced pancreatic, breast, ovarian, germ cell, lung, prostate, and central nervous system cancers. Hodgkin disease, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, myeloma, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, and certain leukemias also predispose to venous thromboembolism...
June 2005: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
Florencia Kraft, Ariel Torres Morales, Adria Giovannoni, Lázaro Gidekel
Non bacterial thrombotic endocarditis is characterized by the presence of non infected vegetation in aortic or mitral valves associated with systemic arterial emboli. Non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis is a common complication of neoplastic diseases: adenocarcinoma of the lung, another adenocarcinomas, myeloma, lymphoma, leukemia, carcinoma of the pancreas, breast, cervix, colon and stomach. We report a case of non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis localized in the aortic and mitral valves and systemic emboli as the first manifestation of adenocarcinoma of the lung...
October 2002: Archivos de Cardiología de México
P Medinger, J D Tissot, G Nicoloso de Faveri, T J Kovacsovics, L Perey, P Schneider, C Zwicky
61 autologous transplantations for haematological malignancies have been performed with peripheral blood stem cells in 60 patients. 26 grafts were performed for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (18 patients were transplanted in first remission, 8 patients after progression or relapse), 13 for multiple myeloma, 7 for Hodgkin's disease and 10 for acute myeloid leukaemia. One patient died from thrombosis of the portal vein. 38 patients were in complete remission 29 months (extremes: 14-44) after transplantation. 21 of 60 patients progressed or relapsed after transplantation, and 14 died...
April 1, 2000: Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift
L Catani, L Gugliotta, N Vianelli, F Nocentini, S Baravelli, G Bandini, T M Cirio, S Tura
Thrombotic complications may occur early after marrow transplantation and many data suggest that endothelial injury plays a pivotal role in their pathogenesis. Since plasma thrombomodulin and P-selectin are thought to be of value as markers of vascular endothelial cell membrane injury, we investigated their plasma concentration in bone marrow transplant patients aiming better to clarify the degree of endothelial involvement. Plasma thrombomodulin and P-selectin were monitored in 25 patients without thrombotic complications before transplant, on day 0 and weekly for 1 month thereafter, while in three patients who developed VOD monitoring continued until day +52...
February 1996: Bone Marrow Transplantation
L Catani, L Gugliotta, M Mattioli Belmonte, N Vianelli, F Gherlinzoni, M C Miggiano, A R Belardinelli, G Rosti, E Calori, G Bandini
Severe thrombotic alterations, such as veno-occlusive disease of the liver, may occur in the early phase following high-dose chemoradiotherapy and BMT. In this study, performed in patients with hematological malignancies subjected to allogeneic (10 cases) and autologous (20 cases) BMT, we have monitored laboratory hemostatic parameters to better understand the pathogenetic mechanism of thrombosis and particularly of veno-occlusive disease. Prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, plasma fibrinogen, markers of hypercoagulability (thrombin-antithrombin complex and prothrombin fragment F1+2); natural anticoagulants (protein C, protein S and antithrombin) together with fibrinolytic parameters (plasminogen, alpha 2-antiplasmin, tissue-plasminogen activator, plasminogen activator inhibitor and D-dimer) were assessed before transplant, on day 0 and weekly for 1 month thereafter...
September 1993: Bone Marrow Transplantation
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