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Immunonutrition AND Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181067/preoperative-immunonutrition-regulates-tumor-infiltrative-lymphocytes-and-increases-tumor-angiogenesis-in-gastric-cancer-patients
#1
Kivanc Derya Peker, Sidika Seyma Ozkanli, Cebrail Akyuz, Orhan Uzun, Necdet Fatih Yasar, Mustafa Duman, Sinan Yol
Introduction: An increased number of tumor infiltrative lymphocytes (TILs) is considered a favorable prognostic factor in various cancers because it is a marker of antitumoral activity of the immune system. In this prospective, non-randomized clinical trial, we evaluated the impact of preoperative immunonutrition on tumor infiltrative lymphocytes and neoangiogenesis in cancerous tissue in patients with locoregional and resectable gastric adenocarcinoma. Material and methods: Patients with locoregional and resectable gastric adenocarcinoma were divided non-randomly into two study groups...
October 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169443/perioperative-preparation-and-nutritional-considerations-for-patients-undergoing-urinary-diversion
#2
REVIEW
Jessie R Gills, Jeffrey M Holzbeierlein
Patients undergoing urinary diversion are at high risk for complications in the perioperative period. The exact cause of these complications remains poorly defined but is likely multifactorial. Current efforts to optimize patients in the perioperative period, including prehabilitation, smoking cessation, recognition and treatment of comorbid conditions and malnutrition, immunonutrition supplementation, carbohydrate loading, and prevention of known complications and implementation of enhanced recovery after surgery pathways, seem beneficial in helping to improve outcomes in this at-risk population...
February 2018: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130226/-prevention-and-treatment-of-perioperative-non-surgery-related-complications-in-elderly-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#3
Sheng Lu, Min Yan
The incidence of elderly gastric cancer patients is increasing, since the average life span is longer than ever before and the medical management is improved. Elderly patients usually have more comorbidities due to gradual loss of immunonutritional and functional status, leading to a higher rate of non-surgery-related postoperative morbidity and mortality. Along with the development of surgical and nursing technique, more and more surgeons would perform surgical procedures on elderly gastric cancer patients without hesitation...
October 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022493/immunonutrition-before-esophagectomy-impact-on-immune-surveillance-mechanisms
#4
Marco Scarpa, Andromachi Kotsafti, Matteo Fassan, Melania Scarpa, Francesco Cavallin, Teresa Nardi, Eleonora Pinto, Rita Alfieri, Matteo Cagol, Marco Agostini, Massimo Rugge, Ignazio Castagliuolo, Carlo Castoro
Preoperative oral immunonutrition was demonstrated to improve immune response and to decrease the infection rate in patients with cancer. This study aimed to assess how immunonutrition could influence the immune cell response in the mucosal microenvironment of esophageal adenocarcinoma. Therefore, A prospective cohort of consecutive patients undergoing esophagectomy for esophageal adenocarcinoma was enrolled. A subgroup of them was given preoperative oral immunonutrition with Oral Impact® and was compared to those who received no preoperative supplementation...
October 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968919/nutritional-aspects-of-enhanced-recovery-after-esophagectomy-with-gastric-conduit-reconstruction
#5
REVIEW
B Feike Kingma, Elles Steenhagen, Jelle P Ruurda, Richard van Hillegersberg
Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) aims to accelerate recovery by a set of multimodality management strategies. For esophagectomy, several nutritional elements of ERAS can be safely introduced and are advised in routine practice, including preadmission counseling to screen and treat for potential malnutrition, shortened preoperative fasting, and carbohydrate loading. However, the timing of oral intake and the use of routine nasogastric decompression remain matter of debate after esophagectomy. Furthermore, more research is needed on future developments such as perioperative immunonutrition...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944324/surgeons-approach-toward-clinical-nutrition-a-survey-based-study
#6
Bahadır Osman Bozkırlı, Rıza Haldun Gündoğdu, Soner Akbaba, Turgay Sayın, Pamir Eren Ersoy
OBJECTIVE: Although many surgical patients face postoperative problems due to a poor nutritional status, there is evidence that many cases of malnutrition still go unnoticed and untreated in surgical wards. This study aims to define the current attitudes of surgeons toward nutritional screening and support. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire with 13 questions was e-mailed to 1500 surgeons. Cross-queries were made over the responses. RESULTS: The response rate was 20...
2017: Turkish journal of surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940219/meta-analysis-of-immunonutrition-in-major-abdominal-surgery
#7
REVIEW
P Probst, S Ohmann, U Klaiber, F J Hüttner, A T Billeter, A Ulrich, M W Büchler, M K Diener
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential benefits of immunonutrition in major abdominal surgery with special regard to subgroups and influence of bias. METHODS: A systematic literature search from January 1985 to July 2015 was performed in MEDLINE, Embase and CENTRAL. Only RCTs investigating immunonutrition in major abdominal surgery were included. Outcomes evaluated were mortality, overall complications, infectious complications and length of hospital stay...
November 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734748/effects-of-arginine-based-immunonutrition-on-inpatient-total-costs-and-hospitalization-outcomes-for-patients-undergoing-colorectal-surgery
#8
Souvik Banerjee, Louis P Garrison, Aurelie Danel, Juan B Ochoa Gautier, David R Flum
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of an arginine-based immunonutrition intervention for patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery on postsurgical utilization and cost outcomes. METHODS: This analysis was based on data from two Washington State databases: Surgical Care and Outcomes Assessment Program (SCOAP) linked to the Comprehensive Hospital Abstract Reporting System (CHARS). The sample (N=722) comprises adult patients who underwent elective colorectal surgery with anastomosis in a Washington State hospital that participated in the Strong for Surgery (S4S) initiative between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2013...
June 24, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616919/-effects-of-early-enteral-immunonutrition-on-postoperative-immune-function-and-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-gastric-cancer-and-nutritional-risk
#9
Chang-Bing Peng, Wen-Zhong Li, Rui Xu, Wen Zhuang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of early enteral immunonutrition on postoperative immune function and rehabilitation of gastric cancer patients with nutritional risk. METHODS: New hospitalized patients with gastric cancer were evaluated the nutrient status based on NRS 2002. The patients who scored between 3 to 5 points were randomized into two groups(30 cases for each group), and those in experimental group were given 7-d early postoperative enteral immune nutrition, those in control group were given normal nutrition...
May 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286066/emerging-impact-of-malnutrition-on-surgical-patients-literature-review-and-potential-implications-for-cystectomy-in-bladder-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Conrad M Tobert, Jill M Hamilton-Reeves, Lyse A Norian, Chermaine Hung, Nathan A Brooks, Jeff M Holzbeierlein, Tracy M Downs, Douglas P Robertson, Ruth Grossman, Kenneth G Nepple
PURPOSE: Malnutrition is emerging as a significant factor in patient outcomes. A contemporary review of malnutrition has not been performed for the urologist. We review the available literature and current standards of care for malnutrition screening, assessment and intervention, focusing on patients with bladder cancer treated with cystectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our multidisciplinary team searched PubMed® for available literature on malnutrition, focusing on definition and significance, importance to urologists, screening, assessment, diagnosis, immunological and economic impacts, and interventions...
September 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162818/efficacy-of-preoperative-immunonutrition-in-locally-advanced-pancreatic-cancer-undergoing-irreversible-electroporation-ire
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
R C G Martin, S Agle, M Schlegel, T Hayat, C R Scoggins, K M McMasters, P Philips
BACKGROUND: Improved preoperative immunonutrition has been shown to decrease the length of stay (LOS) and complications among patients undergoing elective gastrointestinal cancer surgeries. The purpose of this study was to determine whether preoperative immunonutrition supplementation decreases postoperative LOS, infectious complications, and morbidity in patients undergoing irreversible electroporation (IRE) surgery for locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). METHODS: At a regional hepatopancreatobiliary referral center within an academic medical center 71 patients receiving IRE treatment of LAPC were included in the study...
April 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072447/randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-standard-diet-with-perioperative-oral-immunonutrition-in-total-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
S Ida, N Hiki, H Cho, K Sakamaki, S Ito, K Fujitani, N Takiguchi, Y Kawashima, K Nishikawa, M Sasako, T Aoyama, M Honda, T Sato, S Nunobe, T Yoshikawa
BACKGROUND: Total gastrectomy for gastric cancer is associated with excessive weight loss and decreased calorie intake. Nutritional support using eicosapentaenoic acid modulates immune function and limits catabolism in patients with advanced cancer, but its impact in the perioperative period is unclear. METHODS: This was a randomized phase III clinical trial of addition of eicosapentaenoic acid-rich nutrition to a standard diet in patients having total gastrectomy for gastric cancer...
March 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955850/-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-preoperative-oral-immunonutrition-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer-hospital-stay-and-health-care-costs
#13
María Del Carmen Manzanares Campillo, Jesús Martín Fernández, Mariano Amo Salas, Daniel Casanova Rituerto
BACKGROUND: The use of enteral formulas with immunonutrients in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies susceptible to surgery can reduce postoperative morbidity, at the expense of reduced infectious complications, with the consequent reduction in hospital stay and health care costs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective randomized study. 84 patients operated on a scheduled basis for resectable colorectal cancer were recruited. In the group YES IN Impact © Oral was administered for 8 days (3 sachets a day), compared with the NOT IN group who did not receive it...
December 9, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926559/preoperative-immunonutrition-and-elective-colorectal-resection-outcomes
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Lucas W Thornblade, Thomas K Varghese, Xu Shi, Eric K Johnson, Amir Bastawrous, Richard P Billingham, Richard Thirlby, Alessandro Fichera, David R Flum
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials demonstrate the efficacy of arginine-enriched nutritional supplements (immunonutrition) in reducing complications after surgery. The effectiveness of preoperative immunonutrition has not been evaluated in a community setting. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine whether immunonutrition before elective colorectal surgery improves outcomes in the community at large. DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study with a propensity score-matched comparative effectiveness evaluation...
January 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926550/immunonutrition-and-colorectal-surgery
#15
EDITORIAL
Stephen A McClave, Robert G Martindale, John P Maxwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889271/assessment-of-perioperative-nutrition-practices-and-attitudes-a-national-survey-of-colorectal-and-gi-surgical-oncology-programs
#16
J D Williams, Paul E Wischmeyer
BACKGROUND: Implementation of evidence-based peri-operative nutrition in the U.S. is poorly described and hypothesized to be suboptimal. This study broadly describes practices and attitudes regarding nutrition screening/intervention in U.S. gastrointestinal and oncologic surgeons. METHODS: Nationwide nutritional practice survey of GI/Oncologic surgical faculty. RESULTS: Program response rates were 57% and 81% for colorectal and oncology fellowships, respectively...
June 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511501/the-effect-of-enteral-immunonutrition-in-upper-gastrointestinalsurgery-for-cancer-a-prospective-study
#17
Selim Yiğit Yildiz, Murat Burç Yazicioğlu, Çağrı Tiryaki, Ali Çiftçi, Zehra Boyacioğlu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Enteral feeding and immunonutrition (ImN) have been shown to be associated with a number of favorable effects in patients undergoing cancer surgery. In this prospective study, we aimed to assess the perioperative use of enteral immunonutrition in patients undergoing radical gastrointestinal surgery for malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one patients with malignancy were included in this study and were randomized into one of the two following nutritional strategies: enteral only (EN) or enteral with enteral immunonutrition (ENIN)...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438041/cost-effectiveness-of-perioperative-immunonutrition-in-gastrointestinal-oncologic-surgery-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Audrey Machado Dos Reis, Geórgia Brum Kabke, Ana Valéria Gonçalves Fruchtenicht, Taiane Dias Barreiro, Luis Fernando Moreira
INTRODUCTION: Costs, length of hospital staying and morbidity are frequently and significantly increased as a result of infections and other complications following surgical procedure for gastrointestinal tract cancer. Recently, improving host defence mechanisms have become a target of interest. Immunonutrition aims at improving immunity, most likely providing key nutrients to maintain T-lymphocyte and other host defence. AIM: To evaluate the immunonutrition in cancer patients who are operated by digestive diseases and assess the cost-effectiveness of this supplementation...
April 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27393501/predictive-impact-for-postoperative-recurrence-using-the-preoperative-prognostic-nutritional-index-in-pathological-stage-i-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#19
Fumihiro Shoji, Yosuke Morodomi, Takaki Akamine, Shinkichi Takamori, Masakazu Katsura, Kazuki Takada, Yuzo Suzuki, Takatoshi Fujishita, Tatsuro Okamoto, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: The most effective treatment for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is surgical resection. Nevertheless, up to 20% of patients, even those with stage I NSCLC, relapse after surgery and die. The prognostic nutritional index (PNI) is used to assess immunonutritional conditions or is a predictor of postoperative recurrence in patients with digestive malignancies. However, the usefulness of the PNI for lung cancer is still unknown. We retrospectively analyzed clinicopathological features of stage I NSCLC patients to identify predictors of recurrence and to investigate effects of preoperative PNI levels...
August 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322311/effectiveness-of-%C3%AF-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-based-lipid-emulsions-for-treatment-of-patients-after-hepatectomy-a-prospective-clinical-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yuanfeng Gong, Zhaohui Liu, Yadi Liao, Cong Mai, Tiejun Chen, Hui Tang, Yunqiang Tang
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of parenteral nutritional support with ω-3 PUFAs-based lipid emulsions in patients after liver resection. METHODS: A total of 119 patients were randomly assigned to the immunonutrition (IM) group (n = 59) and control group (n = 60). The IM group was continuously given Omegaven(®) 10% 100 mL/day rather than regular nutrition for five days postoperatively. Venous blood samples were obtained from all subjects before surgery and D1, D3 and D7 after surgery...
June 17, 2016: Nutrients
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