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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212646/linking-long-non-coding-rnas-and-swi-snf-complexes-to-chromatin-remodeling-in-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Yanyan Tang, Jinpeng Wang, Yu Lian, Chunmei Fan, Ping Zhang, Yingfen Wu, Xiayu Li, Fang Xiong, Xiaoling Li, Guiyuan Li, Wei Xiong, Zhaoyang Zeng
Chromatin remodeling controls gene expression and signaling pathway activation, and aberrant chromatin structure and gene dysregulation are primary characteristics of human cancer progression. Recent reports have shown that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are tightly associated with chromatin remodeling. In this review, we focused on important chromatin remodelers called the switching defective/sucrose nonfermenting (SWI/SNF) complexes, which use the energy of ATP hydrolysis to control gene transcription by altering chromatin structure...
February 17, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209126/a-meta-analysis-reveals-complex-regulatory-properties-at-taf14-repressed-genes
#2
Josipa Nemet, Nikolina Vidan, Mary Sopta
BACKGROUND: Regulation of gene transcription in response to stress is central to a cell's ability to cope with environmental challenges. Taf14 is a YEATS domain protein in S.cerevisiae that physically associates with several transcriptionally relevant multisubunit complexes including the general transcription factors TFIID and TFIIF and the chromatin-modifying complexes SWI/SNF, INO80, RSC and NuA3. TAF14 deletion strains are sensitive to a variety of stresses suggesting that it plays a role in the transcriptional stress response...
February 16, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202515/systematic-in-vivo-inactivation-of-chromatin-regulating-enzymes-identifies-setd2-as-a-potent-tumor-suppressor-in-lung-adenocarcinoma
#3
David M Walter, Olivia S Venancio, Elizabeth L Buza, John W Tobias, Charuhas Deshpande, A Andrea Gudiel, Caroline Kim-Kiselak, Michelle Cicchini, Travis J Yates, David M Feldser
Chromatin modifying genes are frequently mutated in human lung adenocarcinoma, but the functional impact of these mutations on disease initiation and progression is not well understood. Using a CRISPR-based approach, we systematically inactivated three of the most commonly mutated chromatin regulatory genes in two KrasG12D-driven mouse models of lung adenocarcinoma to characterize the impact of their loss. Targeted inactivation of SWI/SNF nucleosome remodeling complex members Smarca4 (Brg1) or Arid1a had complex effects on lung adenocarcinoma initiation and progression...
February 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188921/mediator-swi-snf-and-saga-complexes-regulate-yap8-dependent-transcriptional-activation-of-acr2-in-response-to-arsenate
#4
Regina Andrade Menezes, Catarina Pimentel, Ana Rita Courelas Silva, Catarina Amaral, Jawad Merhej, Frédéric Devaux, Claudina Rodrigues-Pousada
Response to arsenic stress in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is orchestrated by the regulatory protein Yap8, which mediates transcriptional activation of ACR2 and ACR3. This study contributes to the state of art knowledge of the molecular mechanisms underlying yeast stress response to arsenate as it provides the genetic and biochemical evidences that Yap8, through cysteine residues 132, 137, and 274, is the sensor of presence of arsenate in the cytosol. Moreover, it is here reported for the first time the essential role of the Mediator complex in the transcriptional activation of ACR2 by Yap8...
February 7, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182304/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-after-prostatic-arterial-embolization-in-a-canine-model-a-3t-multiparametric-mri-and-whole-mount-step-section-pathology-correlated-longitudinal-study
#5
Basen Li, Anhui Xu, Nan Wang, Xiangde Min, Zhaoyan Feng, Ming Deng, Liang Li, Jie Cai, Zhen Kang, Kehua Jiang, Dong Kuang, Liang Wang
PURPOSE: To explore the morphological and functional characteristics of prostatic arterial embolization (PAE) in a canine model of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with 3T multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) and whole-mount step-section pathology correlation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight adult male beagle dogs with hormone-induced BPH underwent 3T mp-MRI before and 1, 3, and 6 months after PAE, with subsequent whole-mount step-section pathologic assessment...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178170/use-of-susceptibility-weighted-imaging-in-assessing-ischemic-penumbra-a-case-report
#6
Xiujuan Wu, Song Luo, Ying Wang, Yang Chen, Jun Liu, Jing Bai, Jiachun Feng, Hongliang Zhang
RATIONALE: The ischemic penumbra assessment is essential for the subsequent therapy and prediction of evolution in patients with acute ischemic infraction. Although controversial as a perfect equivalence to penumbra, perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI)-diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) mismatch may predict the response to thrombolysis. Due to the reliance of PWI on contrast agents, noninvasive alternatives remain an unmet need. PATIENT CONCERNS: We reported a 65-year-old man complained of paroxysmal hemiplegia of his right limbs and anepia for 2 days, whereas the symptoms lasted for about 12 hours when he admitted to the hospital...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176137/smarca4-deficient-sinonasal-carcinoma
#7
Abbas Agaimy, Wilko Weichert
The term "sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC)" has been coined in 1986 for a highly aggressive sinonasal tract epithelial neoplasm showing distinctive morphology, but lacking any specific line of differentiation. Recent developments resulted in a dynamic splitting of new entities traditionally included in the spectrum of SNUC. Sinonasal NUT-midline carcinoma, adamantinoma-like Ewing family tumors and most recently, SMARCB1(INI1)-deficient sinonasal carcinoma are the main entities defined by specific genetic aberrations...
February 7, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167502/a-genetic-interaction-analysis-identifies-cancer-drivers-that-modify-egfr-dependency
#8
Sida Liao, Teresa Davoli, Yumei Leng, Mamie Z Li, Qikai Xu, Stephen J Elledge
A large number of cancer drivers have been identified through tumor sequencing efforts, but how they interact and the degree to which they can substitute for each other have not been systematically explored. To comprehensively investigate how cancer drivers genetically interact, we searched for modifiers of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) dependency by performing CRISPR, shRNA, and expression screens in a non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) model. We elucidated a broad spectrum of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) and oncogenes (OGs) that can genetically modify proliferation and survival of cancer cells when EGFR signaling is altered...
February 6, 2017: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162166/-difference-in-imaging-and-metal-metabolism-between-hepatic-and-cerebral-type-wilson-disease
#9
X X Zhou, X H Li, X Y Pu, H L Qin, X B Li, J P Chu, Z Y Yang, H W Huang, X L Liang
Objective: To evaluate the difference of metal metabolism, damage to structure and functional activity in brains between hepatic and cerebral type Wilson disease (WD). Methods: Forty patients with WD, including 20 with cerebral type and 20 with hepatic type, and 20 age-matched healthy controls in the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University between Jul 2013 and May 2016 were enrolled.All study subjects underwent diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), resting state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) and susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) of the brain...
January 17, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157484/small-molecules-modulate-chromatin-accessibility-to-promote-neurog2-mediated-fibroblast-to-neuron-reprogramming
#10
Derek K Smith, Jianjing Yang, Meng-Lu Liu, Chun-Li Zhang
Pro-neural transcription factors and small molecules can induce the reprogramming of fibroblasts into functional neurons; however, the immediate-early molecular events that catalyze this conversion have not been well defined. We previously demonstrated that neurogenin 2 (NEUROG2), forskolin (F), and dorsomorphin (D) can reprogram fibroblasts into functional neurons with high efficiency. Here, we used this model to define the genetic and epigenetic events that initiate an acquisition of neuronal identity. We demonstrate that NEUROG2 is a pioneer factor, FD enhances chromatin accessibility and H3K27 acetylation, and synergistic transcription activated by these factors is essential to successful reprogramming...
November 8, 2016: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138149/swi-snf-complex-in-cancer
#11
Chao Lu, C David Allis
Four studies in this issue report new mechanisms underlying the function of the chromatin remodeling SWI/SNF complex in controlling gene expression and suppressing tumor development, providing valuable insights into the treatment of cancers harboring mutations in genes encoding SWI/SNF complex subunits.
January 31, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137832/chromatin-potentiates-transcription
#12
Shigeki Nagai, Ralph E Davis, Pierre Jean Mattei, Kyle Patrick Eagen, Roger D Kornberg
Chromatin isolated from the chromosomal locus of the PHO5 gene of yeast in a transcriptionally repressed state was transcribed with 12 pure proteins (80 polypeptides): RNA polymerase II, six general transcription factors, TFIIS, the Pho4 gene activator protein, and the SAGA, SWI/SNF, and Mediator complexes. Contrary to expectation, a nucleosome occluding the TATA box and transcription start sites did not impede transcription but rather, enhanced it: the level of chromatin transcription was at least sevenfold greater than that of naked DNA, and chromatin gave patterns of transcription start sites closely similar to those occurring in vivo, whereas naked DNA gave many aberrant transcripts...
January 30, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124119/heterozygosity-for-arid2-loss-of-function-mutations-in-individuals-with-a-coffin-siris-syndrome-like-phenotype
#13
Nuria C Bramswig, O Caluseriu, H-J Lüdecke, F V Bolduc, N C L Noel, T Wieland, H M Surowy, H-J Christen, H Engels, T M Strom, D Wieczorek
Chromatin remodeling is a complex process shaping the nucleosome landscape, thereby regulating the accessibility of transcription factors to regulatory regions of target genes and ultimately managing gene expression. The SWI/SNF (switch/sucrose nonfermentable) complex remodels the nucleosome landscape in an ATP-dependent manner and is divided into the two major subclasses Brahma-associated factor (BAF) and Polybromo Brahma-associated factor (PBAF) complex. Somatic mutations in subunits of the SWI/SNF complex have been associated with different cancers, while germline mutations have been associated with autism spectrum disorder and the neurodevelopmental disorders Coffin-Siris (CSS) and Nicolaides-Baraitser syndromes (NCBRS)...
January 25, 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123592/downregulation-of-arid1a-a-component-of-the-swi-snf-chromatin-remodeling-complex-in-breast-cancer
#14
Chika Takao, Akemi Morikawa, Hiroshi Ohkubo, Yusuke Kito, Chiemi Saigo, Takuji Sakuratani, Manabu Futamura, Tamotsu Takeuchi, Kazuhiro Yoshida
Recent studies unraveled that AT-rich interactive domain-containing protein 1A (ARID1A), a subunit of the mammary SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, acts as a tumor suppressor in various cancers. In this study, we first evaluated ARID1A expression by immunohistochemistry in invasive breast cancer tissue specimens and assessed the correlation with the prognosis of patients with breast cancer. Non-tumorous mammary duct epithelial cells exhibited strong nuclear ARID1A staining, whereas different degrees of loss in ARID1A immunoreactivity were observed in many invasive breast cancer cells...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123513/wilson-s-disease-patient-with-iron-metabolism-discharge-barriers-a-case-report
#15
Guoen Cai, Xinming Huang, Qinyong Ye, Wenting Xiong, Qing Duan
Wilson's disease (WD) is an autosomal genetic disease. In the present study, the patient was a 35-year-old woman who exhibited drinking bucking (bulbar paralysis) and dysphagia for a period of nine years. Genetic analysis of the patient identified the Thr935Met and Pro992Leu mutations, which lead to copper metabolism discharge barriers. Moreover, magnetic resonance imaging revealed a susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) hyperintense area in the bilateral substantia nigra and lenticular nuclei. These SWI observations indicated that 'mineral deposits' were present...
January 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120103/mutations-in-chromatin-regulators-functionally-link-cornelia-de-lange-syndrome-and-clinically-overlapping-phenotypes
#16
Ilaria Parenti, María E Teresa-Rodrigo, Jelena Pozojevic, Sara Ruiz Gil, Ingrid Bader, Diana Braunholz, Nuria C Bramswig, Cristina Gervasini, Lidia Larizza, Lutz Pfeiffer, Ferda Ozkinay, Feliciano Ramos, Benedikt Reiz, Olaf Rittinger, Tim M Strom, Erwan Watrin, Kerstin Wendt, Dagmar Wieczorek, Bernd Wollnik, Carolina Baquero-Montoya, Juan Pié, Matthew A Deardorff, Gabriele Gillessen-Kaesbach, Frank J Kaiser
The coordinated tissue-specific regulation of gene expression is essential for the proper development of all organisms. Mutations in multiple transcriptional regulators cause a group of neurodevelopmental disorders termed "transcriptomopathies" that share core phenotypical features including growth retardation, developmental delay, intellectual disability and facial dysmorphism. Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) belongs to this class of disorders and is caused by mutations in different subunits or regulators of the cohesin complex...
January 24, 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115623/sas3-and-ada2-gcn5-dependent-histone-h3-acetylation-is-required-for-transcription-elongation-at-the-de-repressed-flo1-gene
#17
Michael Church, Kim C Smith, Mohamed M Alhussain, Sari Pennings, Alastair B Fleming
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae FLO1 gene encodes a cell wall protein that imparts cell-cell adhesion. FLO1 transcription is regulated via the antagonistic activities of the Tup1-Cyc8 co-repressor and Swi-Snf co-activator complexes. Tup1-Cyc8 represses transcription through the organization of strongly positioned, hypoacetylated nucleosomes across gene promoters. Swi-Snf catalyzes remodeling of these nucleosomes in a mechanism involving histone acetylation that is poorly understood. Here, we show that FLO1 de-repression is accompanied by Swi-Snf recruitment, promoter histone eviction and Sas3 and Ada2(Gcn5)-dependent histone H3K14 acetylation...
January 23, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115583/a-sumo-ligase-atmms21-regulates-the-stability-of-the-chromatin-remodeler-brahma-in-root-development
#18
Juanjuan Zhang, Jianbin Lai, Feige Wang, Yang Songguang, Zhipeng He, Jieming Jiang, Qingliang Li, Qian Wu, Yiyang Liu, Mengyuan Yu, Jinju Du, Qi Xie, Keqiang Wu, Chengwei Yang
Chromatin remodeling is essential for gene expression regulation in plant development and response to stresses. Brahma (BRM) is a conserved ATPase in the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex and is involved in various biological processes in plant cells, but the regulation mechanism on BRM protein remains unclear. Here we reported that BRM interacts with AtMMS21, a SUMO ligase in Arabidopsis. The interaction was confirmed in different approaches in vivo and in vitro. The mutants of BRM and AtMMS21 displayed a similar defect in root development...
January 23, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110506/antibiotic-discovery-throughout-the-small-world-initiative-a-molecular-strategy-to-identify-biosynthetic-gene-clusters-involved-in-antagonistic-activity
#19
Elizabeth Davis, Tyler Sloan, Krista Aurelius, Angela Barbour, Elijah Bodey, Brigette Clark, Celeste Dennis, Rachel Drown, Megan Fleming, Allison Humbert, Elizabeth Glasgo, Trent Kerns, Kelly Lingro, MacKenzie McMillin, Aaron Meyer, Breanna Pope, April Stalevicz, Brittney Steffen, Austin Steindl, Carolyn Williams, Carmen Wimberley, Robert Zenas, Kristen Butela, Hans Wildschutte
The emergence of bacterial pathogens resistant to all known antibiotics is a global health crisis. Adding to this problem is that major pharmaceutical companies have shifted away from antibiotic discovery due to low profitability. As a result, the pipeline of new antibiotics is essentially dry and many bacteria now resist the effects of most commonly used drugs. To address this global health concern, citizen science through the Small World Initiative (SWI) was formed in 2012. As part of SWI, students isolate bacteria from their local environments, characterize the strains, and assay for antibiotic production...
January 22, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109176/oncogenic-roles-of-smarcb1-ini1-and-its-deficient-tumors
#20
Kenichi Kohashi, Yoshinao Oda
SMARCB1/INI1 is one of the core subunit proteins of the ATP-dependent SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, and is identified as a potent and bona fide tumor suppressor. Interactions have been demonstrated between SMARCB1/INI1 and key proteins in various pathways related to tumor proliferation and progression: the p16-RB pathway, WNT signaling pathway, sonic hedgehog signaling pathway and Polycomb pathway. Initially, no detectable SMARCB1/INI1 protein expression was found in malignant rhabdoid tumor cells, whereas all other kinds of tumor cells and non-tumorous tissue showed SMARCB1/INI1 protein expression...
January 21, 2017: Cancer Science
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