keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

spinal trauma imaging

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923756/chronic-spinal-subdural-hematoma-associated-with-antiplatelet-therapy-a-case-report
#1
Yukinori Akiyama, Izumi Koyanagi, Nobuhiro Mikuni
BACKGROUND: Spinal subdural hematoma is a rare clinical entity marked by the onset of pain and paralysis, which is usually associated with hemorrhagic disorders, trauma, and iatrogenic causes such as lumbar puncture or epidural anesthesia. CASE PRESENTATION: A 71-year-old male was admitted to our hospital with 2 weeks' history of bilateral lower leg pain, dysesthesia, paraparesis, and urinary disturbance. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed characteristic findings at the thoracolumbar spine, and surgical evacuation successfully treated this condition...
December 3, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913838/isolated-transverse-process-fractures-insignificant-injury-or-marker-of-complex-injury-pattern
#2
G Lombardo, P Petrone, K Prabhakaran, C P Marini
INTRODUCTION: This study investigates the incidence of isolated transverse process fractures (ITPFx) amongst vertebral fractures in trauma patients, and specific-associated injury patterns present in patients with ITPFx. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective, 4-year review of our Level 1 Trauma Center registry was performed. Patients with blunt spinal column fractures were identified. Data collected included patient demographics, Injury Severity Score (ISS), type of imaging obtained, and concomitant injuries, including rib and pelvic fractures, liver, spleen, and kidney injury (SOI)...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909638/four-rod-instrumentation-for-treatment-of-charcot-spinal-arthropathy-causing-autonomic-dysreflexia-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Stephanie Zyck, Gentian Toshkezi, John Pizzuti, Satya Marawar
Late complications of spinal cord injury can include Charcot arthropathy, in which spinal instability occurs as a result of repetitive trauma in the insensate spine. In rare cases, this can present as autonomic dysreflexia. We present the case of a 60-year-old man with longstanding C6 quadriplegia who presented with six months of hypertension, diaphoresis and dizziness. After an extensive workup, the patient's symptoms were attributed to autonomic dysreflexia in the setting of spinal instability from Charcot spinal arthropathy...
October 27, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904755/paraplegia-caused-by-cerebral-contusions-in-the-bilateral-precentral-gyri
#4
Hideaki Matsumura, Hiroyuki Fujimori, Naoaki Sato, Akira Matsumura
BACKGROUND: Paraplegia is mainly caused by spinal cord disease and rarely occurs due to head trauma. In this report, we describe a case of paraplegia caused by cerebral contusions in the bilateral precentral gyri. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 72-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with mildly impaired consciousness and severe pure motor paralysis in both legs. He was healthy until the morning of the day, but his wife found him injured in front of his house upon returning home...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886871/update-on-new-imaging-techniques-for-trauma
#5
REVIEW
Lubdha M Shah, Adam E Flanders
Computed tomography (CT) and MRI are complementary imaging modalities for the evaluation of the traumatic spine. Osseous delineation is best assessed with CT, whereas MRI gives superb soft tissue description. Awareness of the strengths and pitfalls of each modality is critical in the accurate interpretation of images. Advances in MR imaging of the spine, particularly of the spinal cord, provide glimpses into to the pathobiological mechanism of spinal cord injury. Innovative techniques relay microstructural information about the integrity of the axons and myelin sheaths...
January 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884333/c-spine-injury-and-mandibular-fractures-lifesaver-broken-in-two-spots
#6
Michael W Chu, Tahereh Soleimani, Tyler A Evans, Sarah I Fernandez, Leigh Spera, Carrie Klene, Ben L Zarzaur, Sunil S Tholpady
BACKGROUND: Trauma is a leading cause of injury and mortality and may involve mandibular fractures and cervical spine injuries. Manipulation of the spine during trauma protocols and operative treatment has the potential to cause serious spinal cord injuries. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors associated with cervical spine injury (CSI) in patients with mandibular fractures. METHODS: The National Trauma Databank (2007-2010) was used to identify patients with mandibular fractures...
December 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878353/does-mri-of-the-thoracolumbar-spine-change-management-in-blunt-trauma-patients-with-stable-thoracolumbar-spinal-injuries-without-neurologic-deficits
#7
Paul Deramo, Vaidehi Agrawal, Joseph Amos, Nimesh Patel, Henry Jefferson
BACKGROUND: In blunt trauma patients with computed tomography (CT) findings of stable thoracolumbar (TL) spinal injury without neurologic deficits, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies are commonly obtained, though the impact on overall management remains unclear. The indication for MRI in patients with TL injury without neurologic deficits continues to remain unclear. Here, we evaluate the role of MRI on clinical management of patients presenting with this diagnosis. METHODS: After IRB approval, all registry patients from December 2005 to December 2015 with all blunt TL injuries without defects were extracted...
November 22, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867442/the-slowly-enlarging-ventriculus-terminalis
#8
Joel Woodley-Cook, Magdalena Konieczny, Julian Spears
BACKGROUND: A cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) cavity within the conus medullaris has been described by the term ventriculus terminalis (VT) or the fifth ventricle. The finding of a VT on MRI imaging of the lumbar spine is often incidental but may be found in patients with low back pain or neuromuscular deficits. These lesions, when identified, are thought to regress or remain stable in terms of size, although some have been described to enlarge in the presence of post-traumatic meningeal hemorrhages or deformities of the vertebral canal...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857928/spinal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-migrated-from-traumatic-intracranial-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#9
Tae Jin Kim, Eun Jung Koh, Keun-Tae Cho
Very rarely, spinal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SSAH) can occur without any direct spinal injury in patients with traumatic intracranial SAH. A-59-year-old male with traumatic intracranial subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) presented with pain and numbness in his buttock and thigh two days after trauma. Pain and numbness rapidly worsened and perianal numbness and voiding difficulty began on the next day. Magnetic resonance imaging showed intraspinal hemorrhage in the lumbosacral region. The cauda equina was displaced and compressed...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853664/return-to-play-after-cervical-spine-injuries-a-consensus-of-opinion
#10
John C France, Michael Karsy, James S Harrop, Andrew T Dailey
Study Design Survey. Objective Sports-related spinal cord injury (SCI) represents a growing proportion of total SCIs but lacks evidence or guidelines to guide clinical decision-making on return to play (RTP). Our objective is to offer the treating physician a consensus analysis of expert opinion regarding RTP that can be incorporated with the unique factors of a case for clinical decision-making. Methods Ten common clinical scenarios involving neurapraxia and stenosis, atlantoaxial injury, subaxial injury, and general cervical spine injury were presented to 25 spine surgeons from level 1 trauma centers for whom spine trauma is a significant component of their practice...
December 2016: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822874/spinal-epidural-abscess-a-rare-complication-of-ulcerative-colitis-after-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis
#11
Mikio Kawamura, Toshimitsu Araki, Yoshiki Okita, Satoru Kondo, Takashi Ichikawa, Hiroyuki Fujikawa, Keiichi Uchida, Yasuhiko Mohri, Masato Kusunoki
BACKGROUND: Spinal epidural abscess is a rare condition with high morbidity and mortality, for which a delay in diagnosis and treatment can lead to irreversible neurologic deficit or even death. Although patients with spinal epidural abscess have systemic predisposing immunocompromised conditions, spinal intervention, or trauma, this condition has been reported as a result of perforation or fistulization arising from inflammatory bowel disease. We describe herein a rare case of spinal epidural abscess as a complication of ileal pouch anal anastomosis...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815845/the-craniocervical-junction-embryology-anatomy-biomechanics-and-imaging-in-blunt-trauma
#12
REVIEW
Curtis Edward Offiah, Emily Day
: Imaging of the blunt traumatic injuries to the craniocervical junction can be challenging but central to improving morbidity and mortality related to such injury. The radiologist has a significant part to play in the appropriate management of patients who have suffered injury to this vital junction between the cranium and the spine. Knowledge of the embryology and normal anatomy as well as normal variant appearances avoids inappropriate investigations in these trauma patients. Osseous injury can be subtle while representing important radiological red flags for significant underlying ligamentous injury...
November 4, 2016: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757567/traumatic-atlanto-occipital-dislocation-in-children-a-case-based-update-on-clinical-characteristics-management-and-outcome
#13
Thomas Beez, Jennifer Brown
BACKGROUND: Atlanto-occipital dislocation (AOD) is a rare but severe sequela of high energy trauma. Children are at increased risk, due to their immature spine and biomechanical characteristics. LITERATURE REVIEW: The prevailing mechanism of injury is motor vehicle collision as passenger. AOD commonly presents with cardiorespiratory arrest, spinal cord injury or cranial nerve deficits. Concomitant injuries, such as traumatic brain injury, are frequently encountered...
October 18, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752058/ankylosing-spondylitis-does-not-increase-the-risk-of-neurogenic-heterotopic-ossification-in-patients-with-a-spinal-cord-injury-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
M Ohlmeier, P Karras, E M Suero, D Grasmücke, M Aach, R Meindl, T A Schildhauer, M Citak
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVES: The present study was performed to analyze the impact of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in developing heterotopic ossification (HO) in patients following spinal cord injury. SETTING: Department of Spinal Cord Injury and Department of General and Trauma Surgery, BG-University Hospital Bergmannsheil Bochum, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2003 and December 2015, 67 patients with AS and SCI were included in the study...
October 18, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726152/pantopaque-contrast-mimicking-intracanalicular-vestibular-schwannoma
#15
Nicholas L Deep, Ameet C Patel, Joseph M Hoxworth, David M Barrs
Pantopaque (iophendylate) is an oily contrast medium historically used during spine imaging. Due to its persistence in the subarachnoid space and the potential to lead to severe arachnoiditis, it is no longer used today. We present a 40-year-old male with new-onset headaches, imbalance, and vertigo. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 2-mm T1 -hyperintense intracanalicular lesion. Numerous hyperdense foci were scattered throughout the subarachnoid space on computed tomography. Further history revealed the patient received Pantopaque 30 years prior, after sustaining spinal trauma...
October 11, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686688/a-pediatric-patient-of-hemorrhagic-acute-transverse-myelitis
#16
Masataka Fukuoka, Ichiro Kuki, Hisashi Kawawaki, Kiyohiro Kim, Yuka Hattori, Hitomi Tsuji, Asako Horino, Megumi Nukui, Shin Okazaki
An 11-year-old boy presented with progressive leg hypesthesia but no history of trauma. Dysuria and constipation appeared subsequent to gait difficulty. He was admitted 8days after onset. Spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed longitudinal hyperintensity with cord swelling and hypointensity on T2-weighted images, suggesting severe inflammation and microbleeding change, respectively. Gadolinium contrast-enhanced MRI demonstrated mild enhancement in the lesions. Platelet count and coagulation findings were normal, and cerebrospinal fluid analysis showed no pleocytosis...
September 26, 2016: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683698/kyphotic-deformity-after-laminectomy-surgery-for-a-gunshot-wound-to-the-spine-a-case-report
#17
Ali Babashahi, Morteza Taheri
Spinal kyphotic deformity after spinal laminectomy or laminoplasty is more common in pediatric patients than adults. Laminectomy can lead to decreased cartilage growth, anterior wedging and posterior spinal muscle insufficiency which can result in kyphotic deformity. Herein we outline a case report of a child presenting with kyphotic deformity after receiving a spinal laminectomy to treat a penetrating spinal trauma. The 8-year-old male presented with penetrating spinal trauma following a gunshot wound and subsequently underwent L1 laminectomy and thecal sac decompression to remove the foreign body...
March 2016: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672641/small-bowel-entrapment-and-ureteropelvic-junction-disruption-associated-with-l3-chance-fracture-dislocation
#18
Sebastien Pesenti, Benjamin Blondel, Alice Faure, Emilie Peltier, Franck Launay, Jean-Luc Jouve
Paediatric Chance fracture are rare lesions but often associated with abdominal injuries. We herein present the case of a seven years old patient who sustained an entrapment of small bowel and an ureteropelvic disruption associated with a Chance fracture and spine dislocation following a traffic accident. Initial X-rays and computed tomographic (CT) scan showed a Chance fracture with dislocation of L3 vertebra, with an incarceration of a small bowel loop in the spinal canal and a complete section of the left lumbar ureter...
September 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663988/fully-integrated-framework-for-the-segmentation-and-registration-of-the-spinal-cord-white-and-gray-matter
#19
Sara M Dupont, Benjamin De Leener, Manuel Taso, Arnaud Le Troter, Nikola Stikov, Virginie Callot, Julien Cohen-Adad
: The spinal cord white and gray matter can be affected by various pathologies such as multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or trauma. Being able to precisely segment the white and gray matter could help with MR image analysis and hence be useful in further understanding these pathologies, and helping with diagnosis/prognosis and drug development. Up to date, white/gray matter segmentation has mostly been done manually, which is time consuming, induces a bias related to the rater and prevents large-scale multi-center studies...
September 20, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663571/imaging-of-the-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine-in-a-high-volume-level-1-trauma-center-are-reformatted-images-of-the-spine-essential-for-screening-in-blunt-trauma
#20
Aleksandr Rozenberg, Jonathan C Weinstein, Adam E Flanders, Pranshu Sharma
Reformatted CTs of the thoracic and lumbar spine (CT T/L) from CTs of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis (CT body) may be performed for screening the thoracolumbar spine in patients sustaining blunt trauma. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was a difference in the rate of detection of spinal fractures on CTs of the body compared to the reformatted T/L spine. A secondary endpoint was to evaluate whether cases dictated by trainees improved fracture detection rate. We reviewed the records of 250 consecutive blunt trauma patients that received CTs of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis (CT body) with concurrent CT T/L reformats...
September 23, 2016: Emergency Radiology
keyword
keyword
79126
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"