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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225430/association-between-osteoporosis-treatment-and-severe-periodontitis-in-postmenopausal-women
#1
Johelle de S Passos-Soares, Maria Isabel P Vianna, Isaac S Gomes-Filho, Simone S Cruz, Maurício L Barreto, Luis F Adan, Cassiano K Rösing, Soraya C Trindade, Eneida M M Cerqueira, Frank A Scannapieco
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between osteoporosis treatment and severe periodontitis in postmenopausal women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised of 492 postmenopausal women, 113 women in osteoporosis treatment, and 379 not treated. Osteoporosis treatment consisted of systemic estrogen alone, or estrogen plus progestin, and calcium and vitamin D supplements, for at least 6 months. Severe periodontitis was defined as at least two interproximal tooth sites with clinical attachment loss of at least 6 mm, and at least one interproximal site with probing depth of at least 5 mm; and dental caries experience was measured using the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index...
February 20, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209191/knowledge-of-caries-risk-factors-indicators-among-japanese-and-irish-adult-patients-with-different-socio-economic-profiles-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Makiko Nishi, Máiréad Harding, Virginia Kelleher, Helen Whelton, Finbarr Allen
BACKGROUND: A previous study has shown deficient knowledge of caries risk factors/indicators in a Japanese adult population regarded to have a high interest in preventive dentistry. No prior research has investigated caries risk knowledge in an Irish adult population. We hypothesise there may be unexpected differences or similarities in knowledge across countries with similar levels of economic development when comparing groups with different socio-economic and cultural profiles. Understanding what influences knowledge is important for the development of effective and efficient caries prevention strategies...
February 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209007/cognitive-ability-as-a-determinant-of-socioeconomic-and-oral-health-status-among-adolescent-college-students-of-bengaluru-india
#3
Rekha Rao Karnam, Naganandini Samapth Kumar, Shruthi Eshwar, Shravani Deolia
INTRODUCTION: Levels of oral health and economic status are unequally distributed throughout the population. Inequality has multiple causes and that the effect of Socio Economic Status (SES) and demographic factors, on oral health is mediated through several factors. Association between cognitive ability and oral health had been demonstrated in older age groups but adolescents and younger adults have received relatively little attention in this field. AIM: To establish the role of cognitive ability as a determinant of SES and oral health status among adolescent college students of Benagluru, Karnataka, India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206899/relating-molar-incisor-hypomineralization-and-caries-experience-using-the-decayed-missing-or-filled-index
#4
Gabriela C A Americano, Roberta C Jorge, Luiz Flávio Moliterno, Vera M Soviero
PURPOSE: This case-control study aimed to investigate the association between molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) and caries experience in seven- to 11-year-old children. METHODS: Children seen in a pediatric dental clinic in 2011 to 2012 and born in 2002, 2003, or 2004 were considered eligible. Children with decayed, missing, or filled teeth in the permanent dentition (DMF-T) were allocated to the case group, and those with no DMF-T were allocated to the control group...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203009/-digital-imaging-fiber-optic-transillumination-difoti-method-for-determining-the-depth-of-cavity
#5
J L Yu, R T Tang, L Feng, Y M Dong
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the accuracy of the digital imaging fiber optic transillumination (DIFOTI) on diagnosis of caries lesions depth using DIAGNOcam system. METHODS: This experiment adopted self-matching design. Seventy-four extracted teeth (molar: sixty-six, premolar: eight) with one caries lesions in proximity which were not damaged in surface marginal ridge were selected. Dental calculus and dental stains were removed from the extracted teeth for standby application...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177110/oral-health-status-knowledge-and-practice-among-pregnant-women-attending-omdurman-maternity-hospital-sudan
#6
H M El-Mahdi Ibrahim, A M Mudawi, I A Ghandour
Good oral health is important in pregnancy but little is known about the oral health and knowledge and practices of pregnant Sudanese women. This cross-sectional study was conducted to address this gap. A sample of 420 pregnant women attending the prenatal clinic at Omdurman maternity hospital were interviewed and examined for caries and periodontal disease. The mean age of the women was 27.1 (SD 5.8) years, 52.4% had > primary school education and 7.1% were employed. Only 12% had a high level of oral health knowledge and 21...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155025/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-periodontal-status-of-pregnant-women
#7
Amrita Geevarghese, Jagan Kumar Baskaradoss, P Sankara Sarma
Aim The purpose of this study was to assess the difference in the oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) and the oral health status between pregnant and non-pregnant women. Methods This cross-sectional study included 150 pregnant women (mean age 23.8 ± 3.01) and 150 non-pregnant women (mean age 25.2 ± 3.35). Data were collected through a self-administered structured questionnaire, followed by an oral examination. Oral health impact profile-49 (OHIP-49) questionnaire was used to capture the individual's perceived OHRQoL...
February 2, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148273/prevalence-of-candida-albicans-and-non-albicans-on-the-tongue-dorsa-of-elderly-people-living-in-a-post-disaster-area-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Toshiro Sato, Mitsuo Kishi, Miki Suda, Kiyomi Sakata, Haruki Shimoda, Hiroyuki Miura, Akira Ogawa, Seiichiro Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: Candida species are normal commensal organisms of the mouth. However, they can cause oral mucosal and severe systemic infections in persons with reduced immune function, which is common in the very elderly. In post-disaster areas, the number of elderly residents rapidly increases due to the outflow of younger generations. Hence, we examined the prevalence of Candida albicans and non-albicans in association with oral and systemic conditions, life style, medications, and living conditions...
February 1, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139476/comparison-of-efficacy-of-caries-removal-using-polymer-bur-and-chemomechanical-caries-removal-agent-a-clinical-and-microbiological-assessment-an-in-vivo-study
#9
K Krishna Aswathi, S Prathibha Rani, Anantharaj Athimuthu, Praveen Prasanna, Prasannakumari Patil, K J Deepali
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Conservative caries removal has become an integral part of minimally invasive dentistry (MID). Polymer burs and chemomechanical caries removal are two feasible methods of MID. The objective of this study was to assess and compare the efficacy of polymer bur and chemomechanical caries removal agent clinically and microbiologically for selective removal of infected dentin. METHODS: A total of fifty primary second molars with occlusal decay involving dentin were selected from 25 patients aged between 5 and 9 years...
January 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134453/the-influence-of-social-deprivation-on-dental-caries-in-swedish-children-and-adolescents-as-measured-by-an-index-for-primary-health-care-the-care-need-index
#10
Anna-Lena Östberg, Anna N Kjellström, Max Petzold
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to examine associations between a primary Care Need Index (CNI) and dental caries experience. METHODS: Dental journal records for 300 988 individuals in western Sweden, aged 3-19 years in 2007-09, were completed with official socioeconomic information. The CNI (independent variable), originally developed for assessing primary care need, was calculated for residential areas (small areas, parishes, dental clinics) based on markers of material deprivation, sociodemographic characteristics, social instability and cultural needs...
January 30, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127315/relationship-between-different-types-and-forms-of-anti-asthmatic-medications-and-dental-caries-in-three-to-12-year-olds
#11
Alireza Heidari, Bahman Seraj, Mahdi Shahrabi, Hamideh Maghsoodi, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard, Tara Zarabian
OBJECTIVES: Asthma is a common chronic disease. Asthma and anti-asthmatic medications have been suggested as risk factors for increased susceptibility to caries. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different types and forms of antihistaminic medications and the duration of drug consumption on the severity of dental caries in asthmatic children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Asthma and Allergy Department of Children's Medical Center in Tehran, Iran...
August 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127170/dental-caries-status-of-institutionalized-orphan-children-from-jammu-and-kashmir-india
#12
Aasim F Shah, Pradeep Tangade, T L Ravishankar, Amit Tirth, Sumit Pal, Manu Batra
INTRODUCTION: It has been well documented that the absence of family support influences the general and oral health of the children. Factors that lead to the development of disease at a given point in time are likely to have their roots in a complex chain of environmental events that may have begun years before. A number of studies have examined the relationship between dental caries and material deprivation and found a positive association between them. Though orphans contribute to 2% of world's population, literature regarding their oral health status is very scarce...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127167/correlation-of-streptococcus-mutans-count-in-mother-child-pair-of-working-and-nonworking-mothers-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Priyanka Sharma, Mousumi Goswami, Darrel Singh, Shahid S Massod, Khundrakpam Nganba
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of Streptococcus mutans (MS) in mother-child pairs and to evaluate the correlation in the levels of salivary MS of working and nonworking mothers with that of their children and their associations with other related factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 100 mother-child pairs residing in New Multan Nagar Colony, New Delhi, India. A total of 50 children with their mothers were included in the working group and another 50 were included in the nonworking group...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120223/dental-health-status-in-crack-cocaine-addicted-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Patricia R Cury, Maria G A Oliveira, Katia Montanha de Andrade, Maíra D S de Freitas, Jean N Dos Santos
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between crack/cocaine addiction and dental health in men. Forty crack/cocaine-addicted patients and 120 nonaddicted patients (≥18 years) underwent full-mouth dental examinations. Decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) were identified using the criteria recommended by the World Health Organization. Crack/cocaine addiction was determined, based on the medical records and interviews of each patient. All drug-addicted patients used both crack and cocaine...
January 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117909/inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-oral-health-systematic-review-and-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Martin Hagner, Andressa Vilas Boas Nogueira, Andre Franke, Andreas Jäger, James Deschner
BACKGROUND: The objective of this systematic review was to systematically investigate whether there is an association between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and oral health. METHODS: Literature searches for randomized and non-randomized studies were performed up to January 2017. Risk of bias within studies was assessed with the Downs and Black checklist. Across-studies risk of bias was assessed with the GRADE framework. Quantitative synthesis was conducted with random-effects meta-analyses...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100415/a-10-year-trend-of-dental-treatments-under-general-anesthesia-of-children-in-taipei-veterans-general-hospital
#16
Yung-Pan Chen, Chun-Yi Hsieh, Wen-Ting Hsu, Fu-Ya Wu, Wen-Yu Shih
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia (GA) as a pediatric dental procedure is a well-established method of behavior management. However, studies of pediatric dentistry under GA have mostly focused on handicapped patients, and various retrospective studies in Taiwan have mainly reviewed only a limited number of years. The purpose of the present study was to report trends in pediatric dental treatment performed under GA over the past 10 years. METHODS: A retrospective review of the hospital records of patients receiving dental treatment under GA from 2006 until 2015 was performed...
January 16, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100262/dental-caries-status-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-seville-spain-a-case-control-study
#17
Eugenio Velasco-Ortega, L Monsalve-Guil, I Ortiz-Garcia, A Jimenez-Guerra, J Lopez-Lopez, J J Segura-Egea
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the dental status (DMFT) in patients with schizophrenia compared with a control group. MATERIAL: In this case-control study, 50 patients with schizophrenia attended in the Psychiatric Unit at the Virgen Macarena University Hospital of Seville were compared with 50 people (without systemic diseases and not taking psychotropic drugs) in a control group attended in the School of Dentistry of Seville. Decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) were assessed according to the World Health Organization WHO criteria...
January 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092965/a-national-analysis-of-dental-waiting-lists-and-point-in-time-geographic-access-to-subsidised-dental-care-can-geographic-access-be-improved-by-offering-public-dental-care-through-private-dental-clinics
#18
Yevgeni Dudko, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
INTRODUCTION: Australia is one of the least densely populated countries in the world, with a population concentrated on or around coastal areas. Up to 33% of the Australian population are likely to have untreated dental decay, while people with inadequate dentition (fewer than 21 teeth) account for up to 34% of Australian adults. Historically, inadequate access to public dental care has resulted in long waiting lists, received much media coverage and been the subject of a new federal and state initiative...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086936/association-between-low-blood-lead-levels-and-increased-risk-of-dental-caries-in-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Young-Suk Kim, Mina Ha, Ho-Jang Kwon, Hae-Young Kim, Youn-Hee Choi
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine the association between low blood lead levels of <5 μg/dL and the development of dental caries among children. METHODS: The Children's Health and Environment Research (CHEER) group recruited a cohort of 7,059 school-aged children from six Korean cities. The final study populations in the permanent and deciduous teeth groups were 1,564 and 1,241 children, respectively, after excluding 4 children with blood lead levels of >5 μg/dL...
January 13, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076597/oral-health-evaluation-in-special-needs-individuals
#20
Danielle de Moraes Pini, Paula Cristina Gil Ritter Fröhlich, Lilian Rigo
Objective: To identify the prevalence of the main oral problems present in special needs children and to relate the underlying conditions with the clinical and demographic variables. Methods: The study was based on the physical examination of 47 students from the Associação de Pais e Amigos dos Excepcionais diagnosed as Down syndrome, cerebral palsy and intellectual deficit. For data collection, we used a self-administered questionnaire that included indices of dental caries and oral hygiene, Angle classification, malposition of dental groups and oral hygiene habits...
October 2016: Einstein
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