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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944126/oral-hygiene-practices-and-teeth-cleaning-techniques-among-medical-students
#1
Sajida Naseem, Syeda H Fatima, Haider Ghazanfar, Sana Haq, Najeeb A Khan, Moeez Mehmood, Ali Ghazanfar
Objectives Oral health is essential for general health and quality of life. It is a state of being free from mouth and facial pain, oral and throat cancer, oral infections and sores, periodontal disease, tooth decay, tooth loss, and other diseases and disorders that limit an individual's capacity to bite, chew, smile, and speak; it affects psychosocial well-being too. The objective of our study was to assess teeth cleaning techniques and oral hygiene practices among medical students. Methods The data of the study were collected in two stages...
July 18, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937897/the-role-of-genetic-factors-in-the-outbreak-mechanism-of-dental-caries
#2
Junko Shimomura-Kuroki, Tomoko Nashida, Yukio Miyagawa, Tsuneo Sekimoto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between cariogenic bacterial infection and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes associated with dental caries, and to explore the factors related to caries in children. STUDY DESIGN: Children aged 3 to 11 years were selected. Detection of cariogenic bacteria (Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus sobrinus and Lactobacillus) from the plaque of each patient, and SNP analyses of five candidate genes (MBL2, TAS2R38, GLUT2, MMP13 and CA6) were performed using DNA isolated from buccal mucosal cells...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937069/oral-health-in-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#3
Lingam Amara Swapna, Pradeep Koppolu, Jyothi Prince
The objective of our study is to assess the subjective and objective oral manifestations and salivary pH in diabetic and nondiabetic uremic patients at a nephrology clinic. A total of 194 diabetic and nondiabetic patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), who were divided into four groups, Group A, B, C, D, and who were attending a nephrology clinic were included in the study. Predialytic unstimulated whole salivary pH was recorded using pH- measuring strips. Subjective and objective findings were evaluated and recorded in the specially designed pro forma...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936284/relationship-of-salivary-cd14-concentration-with-dental-caries-in-young-children
#4
Saurabh Kumar, Shobha Tandon, Rashmi Nayak, Runki Saran, Kalyana-Chakravarthy Pentapati
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is a chronic disease among children and there is need for studies assessing the caries risk factors using saliva. This study aimed to evaluate the association of salivary soluble CD14 and dental caries in young children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done among 300, 3-6 year old school children of Udupi district. A total of 40 children who were caries free, with no past systemic illness or craniofacial anomalies and 40 children with dental caries with no history of dental treatment for caries, with no past systemic illness or craniofacial anomalies were included in control and test groups respectively...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936152/prevalence-and-severity-of-dental-caries-among-public-school-students-aged-16-l8-in-hai-l-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#5
Mohammad Aljanakh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence and severity of dental caries among school students aged 16-18 in Ha'il urban city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). METHODS: This cross-sectional study randomly selected 480 students from eight secondary schools in Ha'il urban city from September to October 2015. Three calibrated examiners used the decayed, missing and filled teeth index (DMFT), based on the World Health Organization criteria, to examine the students...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935986/consumption-of-crustaceans-by-megaherbivorous-dinosaurs-dietary-flexibility-and-dinosaur-life-history-strategies
#6
Karen Chin, Rodney M Feldmann, Jessica N Tashman
Large plant-eating dinosaurs are usually presumed to have been strictly herbivorous, because their derived teeth and jaws were capable of processing fibrous plant foods. This inferred feeding behavior offers a generalized view of dinosaur food habits, but rare direct fossil evidence of diet provides more nuanced insights into feeding behavior. Here we describe fossilized feces (coprolites) that demonstrate recurring consumption of crustaceans and rotted wood by large Late Cretaceous dinosaurs. These multi-liter coprolites from the Kaiparowits Formation are primarily composed of comminuted conifer wood tissues that were fungally degraded before ingestion...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928780/assessment-of-oral-health-parameters-among-students-attending-special-schools-of-mangalore-city
#7
Tom Peter, Deepthi Anna Cherian, Tim Peter
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess the oral health status and treatment needs and correlation between dental caries susceptibility and salivary pH, buffering capacity and total antioxidant capacity among students attending special schools of Mangalore city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study 361 subjects in the age range of 12-18 years were divided into normal (n = 84), physically challenged (n = 68), and mentally challenged (n = 209) groups. Their oral health status and treatment needs were recorded using the modified WHO oral health assessment proforma...
July 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922571/interprofessional-oral-health-initiative-in-a-nondental-american-indian-setting
#8
Kate L Murphy, Laura S Larsson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tooth decay is the most common chronic childhood disease and American Indian (AI) children are at increased risk. Pediatric primary care providers are in an opportune position to reduce tooth decay. The purpose of this study was to integrate and evaluate a pediatric oral health project in an AI, pediatric primary care setting. METHODS: The intervention set included caregiver education, caries risk assessment, and a same-day dental home referral...
September 18, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914240/comparison-of-candida-species-isolated-from-children-with-and-without-early-childhood-caries-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#9
M S Beena, Faizal C Peedikayil, M B GufranAfmed, T P Chandru, K Soni, N Dhanesh
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is characterized by the presence of one or more decayed, missing (due to caries), or filled teeth surfaces in any primary tooth, in a child below 6 years of age. Although ECC is primarily associated with high levels of maternal Streptococcus mutans, there has been an increased interest in finding the relationship between oral fungal flora and dental caries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to identify and characterize the Candida species and to compare the candidal isolates in children with ECC and without ECC...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914238/assessment-of-dental-caries-oral-hygiene-status-traumatic-dental-injuries-and-provision-of-basic-oral-health-care-among-visually-impaired-children-of-eastern-odisha
#10
Vinay Suresan, Diptajit Das, Avinash Jnaneswar, Kunal Jha, Gunjan Kumar, Goutham Bala Subramaniam
CONTEXT: The magnitude and severity of oral health problems in visually impaired population are worse than in general population, and they tend to have more untreated dental diseases and more problems accessing dental care. AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess dentition status and treatment needs, oral hygiene status, and traumatic dental injuries among institutionalized children attending special schools for the visually impaired in eastern Odisha. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted using a universal sampling protocol...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905361/association-between-oral-health-and-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-among-children
#11
Ying Zhou, Shan Jiang, Kar Yan Li, Edward Chin Man Lo, Xiaoli Gao
BACKGROUND: The oral cavity is a potential reservoir for respiratory pathogens. This longitudinal study investigated the association between upper respiratory tract infection (URI) and oral health among children. METHODS: A total of 288 children aged 4 years were recruited. Their dental caries and oral hygiene status were clinically determined, using the dmft (decayed, missing and filled teeth) index and the Silness-Löe plaque index. Questionnaires were completed by parents to collect information on the child's socio-demographic background and URI episodes and symptoms in the following 12 months...
September 14, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898732/poly-n-isopropylacrylamide-hydroxyapatite-nanocomposites-as-thermoresponsive-filling-materials-on-dentinal-surface-and-tubules
#12
Paolo Tempesti, Giovanni Simone Nicotera, Massimo Bonini, Emiliano Fratini, Piero Baglioni
HYPOTHESIS: Dental decay, asa consequence of exposure to acidic foods and drinks, represents one of the most important tooth pathologies. Recently, enamel and dentinal surface remineralization using hydroxyapatite nano- and microparticles has been proposed; however, commercial remineralizing toothpastes are quite expensive, mostly due to the high costs of hydroxyapatite. Hence, we propose a thermoresponsive hybrid nanocomposite material as filler for tooth defects. The use of thermoresponsive composite particles aims at filling exposed dentinal tubules in response to a change of temperature in the oral cavity...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895187/education-related-inequality-in-restorative-dental-treatment-need-over-11-years-in-two-areas-of-finland
#13
Eero Raittio, Miira M Vehkalahti, Sari Helminen, Anna L Suominen
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyse education-related inequality in restorative dental treatment need among adults aged 30 years and older living in Northern and Southern Finland in 2000 and 2011. METHODS: Data were taken from the Health 2000 and 2011 population-based follow-up surveys, including information gathered by interviews and clinical dental examination. Final effective sample sizes were 2423 people in 2000 and 1192 people in 2011. Restorative dental treatment need was measured with number of decayed and/or fractured teeth (DT + FrT)...
September 11, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893034/the-effect-of-diabetes-mellitus-type-i-on-periodontal-and-dental-status
#14
Rokhsareh Sadeghi, Ferial Taleghani, Samira Mohammadi, Zahra Zohri
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus type I is a chronic metabolic disease with an autoimmune origin. The initial manifestations mainly appear during childhood and its prevalence is on the rise in many countries. Some of the complications of diabetes mellitus are problems related to oro-dental structures and periodontal diseases. AIM: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the relationship between diabetes mellitus type I and dental and periodontal status in Tehran, Iran...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890618/prevalence-of-dental-caries-and-traumatic-dental-injuries-among-6-to-12-year-old-children-in-bhopal-city-india
#15
Satish Maran, N D Shashikiran, Pratibha Ahirwar, Priyanka Maran, Pawan Raj Kannojiya, Babita Niranjan
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and trauma are the most common oral health problems for many decades. There is need for prevalence data to analyze the nature of the problems and to take necessary steps in improving public health. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of dental caries and traumatic dental injuries among schoolchildren of age 6 to 12 years in Bhopal city. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Cross-sectional study design was selected. Universal sampling method was followed in this study...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890613/assessment-of-vitamin-b12-and-its-correlation-with-dental-caries-and-gingival-diseases-in-10-to-14-year-old-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Shivayogi M Hugar, Neha S Dhariwal, Andleeb Majeed, Chandrashekhar Badakar, Niraj Gokhale, Laresh Mistry
AIM: To assess the level of vitamin B12 and correlate it with dental caries [decayed, missing, and filled permanent teeth (DMFT) score] and gingival diseases [plaque index (PI) and gingival index (GI)]. DESIGN: Healthy children according to the inclusion criteria were selected by the computerized randomization method from a school to assess the vitamin B12 levels using Centaur/ Versace machine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples were collected to assess vitamin B12 levels using automated analyzer...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890609/association-of-feeding-methods-and-streptococcus-mutans-count-with-early-childhood-caries-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Deepa Bullappa, Manjunath P Puranik, K R Sowmya, T Nagarathnamma
INTRODUCTION: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a virulent form of dental caries that can destroy the primary dentition of toddlers and preschool children. The aim was to determine the relationship of feeding methods and oral Streptococcus mutans count in 3- to 5-year-old children with ECC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in children aged 3 to 5 years. Participating mothers were interviewed regarding child's demographic profile, educational level and socioeconomic status of parents, past medical and dental history of the mother and child, child's feeding habits, and dietary habits and oral hygiene practices of mother and child...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883582/factors-associated-with-use-of-general-anaesthesia-for-dental-procedures-among-british-children
#18
A Ramdaw, M T Hosey, E Bernabé
Objectives To assess the demographic, socioeconomic, behavioural and clinical factors associated with use of dental general anaesthesia (DGA) among British children.Methods This study used data from 3053 children who participated in the 2013 Children's Dental Health Survey in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Data were collected through parental questionnaires and clinical examinations. The crude and adjusted association of demographic (sex, age, ethnicity and country of residence), socioeconomic (socioeconomic classification and area deprivation), behavioural (age toothbrushing started, age when first went to the dentist, usual reason for dental visit and dental anxiety) and clinical factors (numbers of decayed and filled teeth) with DGA was assessed in logistic regression models...
September 8, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880993/trends-in-dental-caries-rates-over-45-years-1971-2016-among-schoolchildren-in-florian%C3%A3-polis-southern-brazil
#19
Ana Paula Debiasi Paganelli, Helena Mendes Constante, Felipe Sappino Sala, Carolina Cassol Bainha, Álvaro Luiz Socorro Borges, João Luiz Bastos, Marco Aurélio Peres
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence and severity of dental caries in schoolchildren from Florianópolis, southern Brazil, in 2016, as well as to compare these findings with data obtained from six previous studies carried out in the same school since 1971. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 133 schoolchildren, 12 and 13 years of age. Clinical data were collected by three previously calibrated examiners, according to the 2013 World Health Organization diagnostic criteria, in order to estimate the mean count of decayed, missing and filled teeth/surfaces (DMFT/DMFS indexes) and the Significant Caries Index (SiC)...
September 7, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872812/type-2-diabetes-as-a-risk-indicator-for-dental-caries-in-korean-adults-the-2011-2012-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#20
I-S Song, K Han, Y-M Park, J-J Ryu, J-B Park
OBJECTIVES: The associations between type 2 diabetes (T2D) and untreated dental caries was examined. This study hypothesized that there would be a positive association between T2D and the prevalence of decayed permanent teeth (DT) in representative Korean adults. METHODS: The information was derived from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2011-2012. Sociodemographic and lifestyle variables, anthropometric and biochemical status, metabolic health and glucose tolerance status, oral health behaviors, and dental caries index were evaluated...
September 2017: Community Dental Health
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