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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165026/comparative-evaluation-of-oral-and-dento-maxillofacial-manifestation-of-patients-with-sickle-cell-diseases-and-beta-thalassemia-major
#1
Salmeh Kalbassi, Mohammad Reza Younesi, Vahid Asgary
BACKGROUND: Regarding the importance of oral and dental health in patients with hemoglobinopathies and also due to the different results of different studies in this background, in patients with beta thalassemia (BTM) and sickle cell disease (SCD), this study aimed to evaluate and compare the oral and dental manifestations of patients with BTM and SCD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study during the years 2014-2017, a total of 175 patients (with documented BTM or SCD attending to Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, and Tabriz cities central hospitals) were randomly recruited...
November 22, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136361/dental-status-in-nursing-home-residents-with-domiciliary-dental-care-in-sweden
#2
P Andersson, S Renvert, P Sjogren, M Zimmerman
OBJECTIVE: To describe the dental health status of elderly people in nursing homes receiving domiciliary dental care. DESIGN: Case note review. CLINICAL SETTING: Nursing homes in 8 Swedish counties. PARTICIPANTS: Care dependent elderly people (≥65 years). METHODS: Clinical data, including the number of remaining natural teeth, missing and decayed teeth (manifest dental caries) and root remnants, recorded by dentists according to standard practices...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120096/the-association-between-oral-health-status-and-respiratory-pathogen-colonization-with-pneumonia-risk-in-institutionalized-adults
#3
Chl Hong, M M Aung, K Kanagasabai, C A Lim, S Liang, K S Tan
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the oral health and the prevalence of pre-existing oral colonization with respiratory pathogens in dependent elderly, and whether these factors influence pneumonia development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants residing in a long-term care facility received bedside oral examinations, and information on their oral health (caries status, calculus index and debris index) was obtained. Samples from the tongue and teeth were collected at baseline and at time of pneumonia development...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115979/common-oral-conditions-and-correlates-an-oral-health-survey-in-kwara-state-nigeria
#4
Abiola O Tobin, Ikeoluwapo O Ajayi
BACKGROUND: Oral diseases are one of the most prevalent health problems today with distribution and severity varying in different parts of the world and within the same country. Oral health surveys are needed to determine prevalence of oral conditions and the nature and urgency of oral health interventions. A modified version of World Health Organisation pathfinder survey methods was used to determine prevalence of oral conditions amongst 150 respondents in two local government areas in Kwara State, Nigeria...
November 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109314/a-cross-sectional-study-to-assess-the-perception-of-psychosocial-elements-among-pediatric-patients-visiting-dental-clinics
#5
Ashish Bhalla, U B Rajasekaran, Madhavi Singh, Manish Goutam, Nikhil Grover, Ashok Galav
INTRODUCTION: Children with high dental fear and perception usually encounter high prevalence of dental caries. Data showed that individuals with dental fear will probably defer dental appointments which may result in the formation of a setup of an endless loop of dental fear. Present study was aimed to assess different psycho-social parameters among pediatric patients visiting dental clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present cross-sectional study, the data of 200 schoolchildren were collected and analyzed by means of a questionnaire...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109309/prevalence-of-dental-caries-and-oral-hygiene-status-among-juvenile-prisoners-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#6
Thamer Alkhadra
AIM: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of dental caries and oral hygiene status among juvenile prisoners in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 105 prisoners aged between 12 and 17 years of age from the Juvenile Detention Center were included in the study. Any prisoner with systemic illness and being noncooperative were excluded from the study. Clinical examinations were performed under an artificial light source using a disposable mouth mirror and explorer while seated on a portable chair...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106352/the-oral-health-of-preschool-children-of-refugee-and-immigrant-families-in-manitoba
#7
Mohamed El Azrak, Alice Huang, Khalida Hai-Santiago, Mary F Bertone, Daniella DeMaré, Robert J Schroth
INTRODUCTION: Children of newcomers to Canada have been identified as at moderately high risk for developing early childhood caries (ECC). The purpose of this study was to investigate the oral health of preschool children of refugee and immigrant families in Winnipeg. METHODS: Children < 72 months of age and their parent or primary caregiver were recruited through several newcomer settlement agencies, dental clinics and community programs. Parents and caregivers completed a short questionnaire with the assistance of a research team member...
January 2017: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098258/-an-epidemiological-investigation-of-caries-status-of-the-first-permanent-molars-of-children-aged-7-9-year-in-taizhou-city
#8
Xian-Mei Zhong, Chun-Mei Jia, Yi-Feng Duan, Yan Duan, Xiao Qiao
PURPOSE: To investigate caries prevalence of the first permanent molars of children aged 7-9 years in Taizhou city. METHODS: According to caries diagnostic criteria of WHO, 3653 primary school students in downtown areas of Taizhou city were surveyed; the data were statistically analyzed with SPSS 20.0 software package. RESULTS: The total caries prevalence rate of the first permanent molars was 24.99%. The average decayed-missing-filled (DMFT) teeth were 0...
June 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098254/-comparison-of-antimicrobial-activity-of-er-cr-ysgg-laser-and-ultrasonic-irrigation-in-root-canal-disinfection
#9
Chun-Hui Lu, Qun Zhong
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the antimicrobial activity of Er,Cr:YSGG laser and ultrasonic irrigation in root canal disinfection. METHODS: Sixty decayed teeth requiring root canal therapy were divided into 3 groups randomly: Er,Cr:YSGG laser group, ultrasonic irrigation group and control group, 20 in each group. The bacteria in each group were incubated and counted before and after root canal treatment. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 19...
June 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094770/an-oral-epidemiological-comparison-of-chinese-and-new-zealand-adults-in-2-key-age-groups
#10
Songlin He, William Murray Thomson
OBJECTIVES: To use recent national survey data to compare dentition status and oral diseases in China and New Zealand (NZ), with a particular focus on differences by sex and education level. METHODS: We undertook secondary analysis of representative data from oral health surveys conducted in 2009 in Sichuan (China) and NZ. Both surveys had an oral examination component and collected detailed demographic data. Socioeconomic position in this analysis was represented by the highest level of education completed...
November 2, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091818/fluoride-a-review-of-pre-clinical-and-clinical-studies
#11
REVIEW
Divya Sharma, Aarti Singh, Kanika Verma, Sarvesh Paliwal, Swapnil Sharma, Jaya Dwivedi
Fluoride is ubiquitous in environment and profound in bones, teeth and calcified tissues of human body. Fluoride has been the topic of regular discussion and investigations. Besides its toxicity, fluoride has also been examined for its beneficial effects like prevention and treatment of tooth decay, microbial infection, inflammation, cancer, occurrence of renal stone and many more. Since last many decades, several efforts have been made at pre-clinical and clinical level to understand role of fluoride in biological system...
October 24, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075422/marsupialization-of-a-large-dentigerous-cyst-in-the-mandible-with-orthodontic-extrusion-of-three-impacted-teeth-a-case-report
#12
Nedal Abu-Mostafa, Arshad Abbasi
The dentigerous cyst (DC) is the most common type of developmental odontogenic cyst. It is usually asymptomatic and associated with the crown of an unerupted or impacted tooth. However, after a long duration, it is likely to cause significant bone resorption, cortical expansion, and tooth displacement. This report presents a large infected DC in the mandible of a 12-year-old female patient. The DC was located inferior to badly decayed primary molars and surrounded three impacted permanent teeth: canine, first premolar, which had a dilacerated root, and second premolar...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072208/assessment-of-caries-status-among-schoolchildren-according-to-decayed-missing-filled-teeth-decayed-extract-filled-teeth-index-international-caries-detection-and-assessment-system-and-caries-assessment-spectrum-and-treatment-criteria
#13
E Rajendra Reddy, S Thabitha Rani, M Manjula, L Vinay Kumar, T Ajay Mohan, E Radhika
BACKGROUND: Detection and evaluation of dental caries is of epidemiological importance. Its early detection is important to commence appropriate treatment planning. Cavitated, noncavitated, and initial lesions of dental caries can be detected by various indices. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to assess the caries experience in schoolchildren using decayed-missing-filled teeth (DMFT)/decayed-extracted-filled teeth (deft), International Caries Detection and Assessment System-II (ICDAS-II), and Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) systems...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070163/dental-caries-experience-in-texan-children-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#14
Sabrina Sunderji, Bhavini Acharya, Catherine Flaitz, Brett Chiquet
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the caries experience in the primary dentition of children born with cleft lip and palate (CLP). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on subjects between two and six years old recruited from a university-based pediatric dentistry residency clinic. The number of dental visits and professional fluoride applications, the plaque index and treatment modality, and the presence/location of caries, white spot lesions, and enamel hypoplastic lesions were compared between CLP patients and healthy age- and gender-matched controls...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069148/impact-of-inhalation-therapy-on-the-incidence-of-carious-lesions-in-patients-with-asthma-and-copd
#15
Branislava Velicki Bozejac, Ivana Stojšin, Mirna Ðuric, Biljana Zvezdin, Tatjana Brkanić, Evica Budišin, Karolina Vukoje, Nevena Sečen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of carious lesions, the amount of salivary flow rate and pH value in patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), using inhalation therapy. The obtained results were compared with the results of adult healthy subjects, forming a control group. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 80 participants aging between 18 and 65 years. The experimental group (EG) was comprised of 40 participants, previously diagnosed with asthma or COPD undergoing inhalation therapy for more than five years...
September 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063383/risk-factors-associated-with-new-caries-lesions-in-permanent-first-molars-in-children-a-5-year-historical-cohort-follow-up-study
#16
Carmen Llena, Elena Calabuig
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to analyze the factors associated with the occurrence of caries in the permanent teeth (PT) and in the permanent first molar (PFM) 5 years after their eruption. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Children born in 2005 and enrolled in a community dental program were included. The inclusion criteria were: age 10 years in 2015; the availability of clinical dental history (CDH) data from before eruption of the PT and a follow-up period of 5 years after eruption of the PT...
October 23, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061111/normative-prosthodontic-care-need-does-it-impact-the-daily-life-of-young-saudis-with-high-level-of-oral-diseases-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Fahad Al-Harbi, Maha El Tantawi
BACKGROUND: Assessing the need for prosthodontic care previously included older age groups. There is less information about younger populations who may need this care because of high disease levels. The aim of this study was to assess the normative need for prosthodontic care in a young Saudi population with high oral disease levels, the associated factors and its impact on daily life. METHODS: A cross sectional study included Saudi adults in the Eastern Province in 2016...
October 23, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059672/lack-of-association-between-bmp2-dlx3-gene-polymorphisms-and-dental-caries-in-primary-and-permanent-dentitions
#18
Jakub Kastovsky, Petra Borilova Linhartova, Kristina Musilova, Lenka Zackova, Martina Kukletova, Lubomir Kukla, Lydie Izakovicova Holla
The aim of this study was to analyze the association between BMP2 (rs1884302) and DLX3 (rs2278163) gene polymorphisms and dental caries in primary and permanent dentitions. A total of 914 subjects were genotyped by the TaqMan methods: 176 caries-free children (with Decayed/Missing/Filled Teeth, DMFT = 0), 542 patients with dental caries in permanent dentition (DMFT ≥1), 83 caries-free children with primary teeth (with decayed/missing/filled teeth, dmft = 0), and 113 children with early childhood caries (ECC, dmft ≥1)...
October 24, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059464/fluoride-supplementation-with-tablets-drops-lozenges-or-chewing-gum-in-pregnant-women-for-preventing-dental-caries-in-the-primary-teeth-of-their-children
#19
REVIEW
Rena Takahashi, Erika Ota, Keika Hoshi, Toru Naito, Yoshihiro Toyoshima, Hidemichi Yuasa, Rintaro Mori, Eishu Nango
BACKGROUND: Dental caries (tooth decay) is one of the most common chronic childhood diseases. Caries prevalence in most industrialised countries has declined among children over the past few decades. The probable reasons for the decline are the widespread use of fluoride toothpaste, followed by artificial water fluoridation, oral health education and a slight decrease in sugar consumption overall. However, in regions without water fluoridation, fluoride supplementation for pregnant women may be an effective way to increase fluoride intake during pregnancy...
October 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038961/association-of-indirect-restorations-with-past-caries-history-and-present-need-for-restorative-treatment-in-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1966
#20
Anne Laajala, Pasi Karhatsu, Paula Pesonen, Marja-Liisa Laitala, Ritva Näpänkangas, Aune Raustia, Vuokko Anttonen
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to examine the prevalence of indirect restorations and their association with past caries history and present need for restorative treatment among adults in Northern Finland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population was a subsample of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 (n = 1961). The oral examinations were performed in 2012-2013. Indirect restorations (inlays/onlays and single crowns) were recorded tooth wise...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
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