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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547864/sociodemographic-determinants-of-spatial-disparities-in-early-childhood-caries-an-ecological-analysis-in-braunschweig-germany
#1
Frederic Meyer, André Karch, Kristin Maria Schlinkmann, Johannes Dreesman, Johannes Horn, Nicole Rübsamen, Henny Sudradjat, Rainer Schubert, Rafael Mikolajczyk
OBJECTIVES: To identify spatial disparities in dental caries experience (measured by dmft (decayed missing filled teeth) index) of children in the city of Braunschweig and to evaluate whether these disparities can be explained by sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: We examined the dental health of children aged 3-6 years visiting a daycare centre (DCC) in the metropolitan area of Braunschweig between 2009 and 2014 by combining data on dental health from the annual visits of the local health service with aggregated data on sociodemographic factors for Braunschweig's city districts...
May 26, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546970/the-impact-of-mother-s-literacy-on-child-dental-caries-individual-data-or-aggregate-data-analysis
#2
Ali-Akbar Haghdoost, Hossein Hessari, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Maryam Rad, Arash Shahravan
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the impact of mother's literacy on child dental caries based on a national oral health survey in Iran and to investigate the possibility of ecological fallacy in aggregate data analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Existing data were from second national oral health survey that was carried out in 2004, which including 8725 6 years old participants. The association of mother's literacy with caries occurrence (DMF (Decayed, Missing, Filling) total score >0) of her child was assessed using individual data by logistic regression model...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544745/fs-laser-ablation-of-teeth-is-temperature-limited-and-provides-information-about-the-ablated-components
#3
Rebeca Ferraz de Menezes, Catherine Malinda Harvey, Marleny Elizabeth Márquez de Martínez Gerbi, Zachary J Smith, Dan Smith, Juan C Ivaldi, Alton Phillips, James W Chan, Sebastian Wachsmann-Hogiu
The goal of this work is to investigate the thermal effects of femtosecond laser (fs-laser) ablation for the removal of carious dental tissue. Additional studies identify different tooth tissues through femtosecond laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (fsLIBS) for the development of a feedback loop that could be utilized during ablation in a clinical setting. Scanning Election Microscope (SEM) images reveal that minimal morphological damages are incurred at repetition rates below the carbonization threshold of each tooth tissue...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537792/dental-caries-and-weight-among-children-in-nuuk-greenland-at-school-entry
#4
Signe Sloth Madsen, Vicky Jenny Rebecka Wetterstrand, Michael Lynge Pedersen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the possible association between weight class and prevalence of caries among children born 2005-2007, living in Nuuk, Greenland, at time of school entry. DESIGN: A cross-sectional register study based on data from electronic medical records(EMR) and oral health data from public health and dental care facilities. METHODS: Data from routine examinations of children at time of primary school entry, including height and weight, were obtained from the EMRs...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536781/oral-health-status-in-adult-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-acute-leukemia
#5
Rilana Busjan, Justin Hasenkamp, Gerhard Schmalz, Rainer Haak, Lorenz Trümper, Dirk Ziebolz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the oral health of adult patients with newly diagnosed acute leukemia. METHODS: Patients with initially diagnosed acute myeloid (AML) or lymphocytic (ALL) leukemia and a matched healthy control (HC) group were included. The oral investigation comprised inspection of the oral mucosa; the decayed (D), missing (M), and filled (F) teeth (DMF-T) index; and a detailed periodontal status. Subgingival biofilm samples were analyzed (polymerase chain reaction) for the presence of selected potentially periodontal pathogenic bacteria...
May 23, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535364/dental-decay-phenotype-in-nonsyndromic-orofacial-clefting
#6
B J Howe, M E Cooper, G L Wehby, J M Resick, N L Nidey, L C Valencia-Ramirez, A M Lopez-Palacio, D Rivera, A R Vieira, S M Weinberg, M L Marazita, L M Moreno Uribe
Although children with oral clefts have a higher risk for dental anomalies when compared with the general population, prior studies have shown conflicting results regarding their dental decay risk. Also, few studies have assessed dental decay risk in unaffected relatives of children with clefts. Thus, the question of increased risk of dental decay in individuals with oral clefts or their unaffected relatives is still open for empirical investigation. This study characterizes dental decay in the largest international cohort to date of children with nonsyndromic clefts and their relatives, as compared with controls, and it addresses whether families with oral clefts have a significantly increased risk for dental decay versus the general population...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532895/motivational-interviewing-to-promote-oral-health-in-adolescents
#7
Lingli Wu, Xiaoli Gao, Edward C M Lo, Samuel M Y Ho, Colman McGrath, May C M Wong
PURPOSE: Motivational interviewing (MI) is a counseling strategy to help people change their behaviors. This single-blinded randomized controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of MI in improving adolescents' oral health. METHODS: Fifteen secondary schools were randomly assigned to three groups: (I) prevailing health education, (II) MI, and (III) MI coupled with interactive dental caries risk assessment (MI + RA). Adolescents (n = 512) with unfavorable oral health behaviors (infrequent toothbrushing and/or frequent snacking) were recruited; 161, 163, and 188 in groups I-III, respectively...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532413/dietary-habits-oral-impact-on-daily-performance-and-type-2-diabetes-a-matched-case-control-study-from-sudan
#8
Hasaan G Mohamed, Kamal Mustafa, Salah O Ibrahim, Anne N Åstrøm
BACKGROUND: It is evident that social and behavioural factors influence on individuals' general health and quality of life. Nevertheless, information about the influence of dietary habits on oral health-related quality of life is limited; especially among patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of this study was to examine the influence of dietary habits and clinical oral health indicators on oral health-related quality of life in individuals with and without T2D. METHODS: A total of 149 T2D cases and 298 controls were recruited for this age and gender matched case-control study...
May 22, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531148/early-childhood-dental-caries-mouth-pain-and-malnutrition-in-the-ecuadorian-amazon-region
#9
Marvin So, Yianni A Ellenikiotis, Hannah M Husby, Cecilia Leonor Paz, Brittany Seymour, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez
Malnutrition and dental caries in early childhood remain persistent and intertwined global health challenges, particularly for indigenous and geographically-remote populations. To examine the prevalence and associations between early childhood dental caries, parent-reported mouth pain and malnutrition in the Amazonian region of Ecuador, we conducted a cross-sectional study of the oral health and nutrition status of 1407 children from birth through age 6 in the "Alli Kiru" program (2011-2013). We used multivariate regression analysis to examine relationships between severe caries, parent-reported mouth pain measures, and nutritional status...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521109/cost-effectiveness-of-caries-prevention-in-practice-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
C O'Neill, H V Worthington, M Donaldson, S Birch, S Noble, S Killough, L Murphy, M Greer, J Brodison, R Verghis, M Tickle
A 2-arm parallel-group randomized controlled trial measured the cost-effectiveness of caries prevention in caries-free children aged 2 to 3 y attending general practice. The setting was 22 dental practices in Northern Ireland. Participants were centrally randomized into intervention (22,600 ppm fluoride varnish, toothbrush, a 50-mL tube of 1,450 ppm fluoride toothpaste, and standardized prevention advice) and control (advice only), both provided at 6-monthly intervals during a 3-y follow-up. The primary outcome measure was conversion from caries-free to caries-active states assessed by calibrated and blinded examiners; secondary outcome measures included decayed, missing, or filled teeth surfaces (dmfs); pain; and extraction...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511505/effectiveness-of-chewable-tooth-brush-in-children-a-prospective-clinical-study
#11
Lavanya Govindaraju, Deepa Gurunathan
INTRODUCTION: Dental plaque is one of the aetiological factors in causation of dental caries. Effective removal of plaque can reduce the incidence of caries. Various agents for removing plaque has been introduced, of which, chewable brush is a recent advance. There is limited evidence assessing the effectiveness of using chewable brush in children. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of chewable brush in relation to efficiency in plaque removal and reduction in S...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509420/the-magnitude-of-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-oral-health-inequalities-in-brazil-new-zealand-and-australia
#12
Helena S Schuch, Dandara G Haag, Kostas Kapellas, Rui Arantes, Marco A Peres, W M Thomson, Lisa M Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the magnitude of relative oral health inequalities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous persons from Brazil, New Zealand and Australia. METHODS: Data were from surveys in Brazil (2010), New Zealand (2009) and Australia (2004-06 and 2012). Participants were aged 35-44 years and 65-74 years. Indigenous and non-Indigenous inequalities were estimated by prevalence ratios (PR) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI), adjusting for sex, age and income...
May 16, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501354/calcium-orthophosphates-capo4-occurrence-and-properties
#13
REVIEW
S V Dorozhkin
The present overview is intended to point the readers' attention to the important subject of calcium orthophosphates (CaPO4). This type of materials is of the special significance for the human beings because they represent the inorganic part of major normal (bones, teeth and antlers) and pathological (those appearing due to various diseases) calcified tissues of mammals. For example, atherosclerosis results in blood vessel blockage caused by a solid composite of cholesterol with CaPO4, while dental caries (tooth decay) and osteoporosis (a low bone mass with microarchitectural changes) mean a partial decalcification of teeth and bones, respectively, that results in replacement of a less soluble and harder biological apatite by more soluble and softer calcium hydrogenorthophosphates...
May 10, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496964/oral-health-status-of-institutionalized-individuals-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-lebanon
#14
Hicham A Diab, Ziad Salameh, Ghassan N Hamadeh, Genane Younes, Fouad Ayoub
OBJECTIVES: To assess the dental status of institutionalized intellectually disabled individuals in Lebanon and the role of background and behavioural determinants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Oral health was recorded for 652 individuals (6, 12, 15 and 35 - 44 years old) using the decayed, missing and filled teeth/decayed and filled teeth (DMFT/dft) index. Data collected was statistically analysed with statistical significance set at P = 0.05. RESULTS: Overall, mean DMFT index score was 5...
January 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494594/caring-for-baby-s-teeth-starts-before-birth
#15
L Paglia
Care for a child's teeth and gums can start even before the baby is born. Pregnancy causes many hormonal changes, among these the rise of estrogen and progesterone increases the risk of developing oral health problems, like gingivitis and periodontitis.The presence of maternal periodontal diseases and active infections has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm birth, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes and foetal loss. Therefore, it is important to educate pregnant women about their oral hygiene and the importance of taking care of their newborn's oral health...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492196/comparative-evaluation-of-effect-of-use-of-toothbrush-with-paste-and-munident-on-levels-of-streptococcus-mutans-and-gingival-health-in-children-an-in-vivo-study
#16
Rashmi N Shetty, Sowmya B Shetty, Sruthi Janardhanan, Shamila Shetty, Sharan Shetty, Kiran Raj
AIM: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease which has a deleterious effect on the oral cavity. Improper oral hygiene habits are a cause for the same. The aim of this study was to compare the antibacterial efficacy of Munident, an Ayurvedic (herbal) dentifrice with commercially available toothpaste. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of forty subjects between the age group 9 and 12 years, resident of Bala Yeshu Nilaya Bhavan, Mangalore, Karnataka, India, were chosen for our study...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492194/comparison-of-the-streptococcus-mutans-and-lactobacillus-colony-count-changes-in-saliva-following-chlorhexidine-0-12-mouth-rinse-combination-mouth-rinse-and-green-tea-extract-0-5-mouth-rinse-in-children
#17
Rahul J Hegde, Shamika Kamath
BACKGROUND: Compounds present in green tea have been shown to inhibit the growth and activity of bacteria associated with oral infections. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of chlorhexidine (0.12%) mouth rinse and combination (chlorhexidine and sodium fluoride) mouth rinse to that of green tea extract (0.5%) mouth rinse in reducing the salivary count of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample for the study consisted of 75 school children aged 8-12 years with four or more (decay component) of decayed, missing, and filled teeth index...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484131/relationships-between-occupational-and-behavioral-parameters-and-oral-health-status
#18
Takashi Zaitsu, Toshiya Kanazawa, Yuka Shizuma, Akiko Oshiro, Sachiko Takehara, Masayuki Ueno, Yoko Kawaguchi
The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of various workplace parameters and oral health behaviors on tooth decay, periodontal disease, and the number of teeth present in industrial workers. The study participants were 1,078 workers (808 males, 270 females, mean age 42.8±11.4 years) employed at 11 different workplaces. Oral examinations and a self-administered questionnaire were conducted for participants. A logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify factors related to their oral health status...
May 2, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479885/caries-and-dental-erosion-are-soroti-children-and-adolescents-at-risk-from-increased-soft-drink-availability-in-uganda
#19
Jordan Cheng, Karen Campbell
OBJECTIVE: An initial field study to investigate dental caries and dental erosion in children and adolescents in the community of Soroti, Uganda. METHODS: A stratified two-stage cluster sample of 84 children (ages 8-10) and adolescents (ages 16-19) were recruited. A survey was undertaken to assess the state of determinants of oral health, oral hygiene practices, and soft-drink and sweetened-tea consumption. Intra-oral photographs were taken and reviewed to measure Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth (DMFT) and dental erosion...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474082/-survey-on-dental-caries-prevalence-among-3-year-old-children-in-jing-an-district-of-shanghai
#20
Shuang Yuan, Le Shi, Jin Lv
PURPOSE: To analyze the dental caries prevalence and severity in 3-year-old children from Jing'an district of Shanghai, and provide epidemiologic evidence for monitoring dental decay for establishing policies of preventive and treatment. METHODS: The surveillance was conducted using random cluster sampling method, 959 3-year-old children from Jing'an district was investigated in regard to dental caries. SPSS 15.0 software package was used for statistical analysis...
February 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
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