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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786654/a-comparative-study-of-oral-health-status-between-international-and-japanese-university-student-patients-in-japan
#1
Ai Ohsato, Masanobu Abe, Kazumi Ohkubo, Hidemi Yoshimasu, Liang Zong, Kazuto Hoshi, Tsuyoshi Takato, Shintaro Yanagimoto, Kazuhiko Yamamoto
Background: The number of international students enrolled in universities in Japan is increasing. To provide better oral care services for international students, we have to understand their oral environment and dental health behaviors. However, few studies have investigated the oral health status of international university students. The object of the present study was to clarify the current oral status of international university students. Methods: The subjects were students who visited the dental department at the University of Tokyo's Health Services Center between April 2012 and March 2013...
May 22, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786582/characteristics-of-epidemiology-of-dental-caries-in-children-from-regions-with-high-and-optimum-fluorine-content-in-drinking-water
#2
Valentina Trufanova, Olha Sheshukova, Vadym Davydenko, Tetiana Polishchuk, Sofia Bauman, Vitalina Dobroskok
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Prevention of dental diseases in children is the priority item on the modern dentistry agenda. Among the undeniable factors known as contributing into caries incidence, there is fluoride content in the external environment, especially in drinking water, which is the main source of fluoride intake. The aim: This study is aimed at evaluating dental caries indices in children and adolescents inhabiting in areas with optimal and high-level fluoride concentration in drinking water and assessing their level of oral hygiene...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784008/socio-demographic-factors-dental-status-and-health-related-behaviors-associated-with-geriatric-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-southwestern-china
#3
Rui Shao, Tao Hu, Yi-Si Zhong, Xue Li, Yi-Bo Gao, Yi-Fan Wang, Wei Yin
BACKGROUND: The aging of Chinese society has increased interest in improving the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of the elderly, including their oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). This study aims to evaluate the OHRQoL of elders living in Sichuan Province (China) and to explore the explanatory factors of their OHRQoL. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted in 2016 in the Sichuan Province analyzed data from 744 elders, aged 65 to 74 years (mean age 69...
May 21, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782197/dental-pain-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-individuals-with-severe-dental-anxiety
#4
Lisa Svensson, Magnus Hakeberg, Ulla Wide
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the prevalence and level of dental pain among adult individuals with severe dental anxiety (DA), and the association between dental pain and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). METHODS: The study was based on 170 adult individuals with DA referred to a specialized DA clinic. All patients answered a questionnaire including questions on DA (DAS, DFS), OHRQoL (OIDP) and dental pain. An adapted clinical examination and a panoramic radiograph revealed the present oral status...
May 21, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780742/caries-risk-assessment-of-12-13-year-old-government-and-private-school-going-children-of-mysore-city-using-cariogram-a-comparative-study
#5
Sandhya P Naik, Shabna Moyin, Bhakti Patel, Lata Prabhu Warad, Sameer Punathil, C B Sudeep
Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the caries risk assessment of 12-13-year-old government and private school going children of Mysore city using Cariogram. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional examination was carried out on a total of 104 government and private schoolchildren aged 12-13 years. Ten factors from the Cariogram software(D Bratthall, Computer software, Malmo, Sweden) were included from study participant's records to complete the Cariogram. The percentage of "chances of avoiding new lesions" (caries risk) among government and private school study participants were obtained from Cariogram, and the participants were classified into five risk groups...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779389/-prevalence-and-severity-of-chronic-parodontitis-and-oral-mucosal-lesions-in-chronic-obstructive-lung-disease
#6
Ágnes Bán, Zsolt Ferenc Németh, Adrienn Szauter, Szilvia Soós, Márta Balaskó
INTRODUCTION: Chronic parodontitis is a prevalent oral disease that may lead to the loss of teeth independently of caries. Some systemic diseases (e.g., diabetes mellitus, chronic renal failure) may aggravate chronic parodontitis. On the other hand, this oral disease may aggravate other systemic diseases. Earlier studies suggested a correlation between chronic parodontitis and very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). AIM: The aim of our study was the investigation of the correlation between chronic parodontitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769430/oral-lactobacilli-and-salivary-acidic-proline-rich-proteins-aprp-1-2-in-dental-caries
#7
A K Szkaradkiewicz-Karpinska, A Zeidler, O Goslinska-Kuzniarek, K Uram, A Szkaradkiewicz
A previous study shows that levels of acidic salivary proline-rich phosphoproteins-1/2 (APRP-1/2) increase with caries severity. The aim of this study was to examine whether this relationship also depends on the presence of H2 O2 -producing strains of Lactobacillus spp. Adults with severe caries (decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) > 13.9, n = 28) were compared with similarly aged adults who had minimal caries (DMFT < 5, n = 20). A total of 48 samples of whole unstimulated saliva were collected in the morning and centrifuged...
February 2018: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767840/ethnicity-migration-status-and-dental-caries-experience-among-adults-in-east-london
#8
Elsa K Delgado-Angulo, Wagner Marcenes, Seeromanie Harding, Eduardo Bernabé
OBJECTIVE: To assess the interrelationship between ethnicity, migration status and dental caries experience among adults in East London. METHODS: We analysed data from 1910 adults (16-65 years) representing 9 ethnic groups, who took part in a community-based health survey in East London. Participants completed a supervised questionnaire and were clinically examined by trained dentists. Dental caries was assessed with the number of decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT)...
May 16, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766564/personal-oral-hygiene-and-dental-caries-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#9
Philippe Pierre Hujoel, Margaux Louise A Hujoel, Georgios A Kotsakis
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of randomised trials assessing the association between personal oral hygiene and dental caries in the absence of the confounding effects of fluoride. BACKGROUND: Dental caries continues to affect close to 100% of the global population. There is a century-old conflict on whether dental caries is caused by poor oral hygiene or poorly formed teeth (ie, teeth with dental defects). Resolving this conflict is of significant public health importance as these two hypotheses on dental caries aetiology can lead to different prevention strategies...
May 15, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760815/long-term-effects-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-treatment-on-the-oral-system-in-a-pediatric-patient
#10
Saturnino Marco Lupi, Arianna Rodriguez Y Baena, Gabriele Cervino, Claudia Todaro, Silvana Rizzo
Introduction: Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) in pediatric patients is a serious disease, although, for the subgroup of patients who receive proper treatment, a long-term survival rate above 50% is typical. The cycles of chemo- and radiotherapy used to treat AML can impair dental development. Case Report: Herein, we describe the oral condition of a 25-year-old male patient treated for AML with chemo- and radiotherapy from 5 to 7 years of age; his AML has remained in remission for the past 18 years...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759350/poor-oral-health-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Mi Yang, Peng Chen, Man-Xi He, Min Lu, Hong-Ming Wang, Jair C Soares, Xiang-Yang Zhang
Increased rates of comorbid physical illness have been commonly reported in patients with schizophrenia. However, there are fewer data on dental disease in these patients. We systematically evaluated existing data on the oral health survey of schizophrenia patients through meta-analysis. Using the available databases, we performed a systematic search to identify the studies examining the oral health in schizophrenia patients from January 1997 to June 2017, based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Two investigators extracted the related data independently...
May 11, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744216/comparison-of-masticatory-performance-and-tongue-pressure-between-children-and-young-adults
#12
Yuko Fujita, Maika Ichikawa, Ayako Hamaguchi, Kenshi Maki
The aims of the present study were to evaluate whether there are significant differences in masticatory performance by gender and dental stage. We also determined the factors directly associated with the masticatory performance in children, and those directly associated with masticatory performance in young adults. The study included 180 subjects, ranging in age from 6 to 12 years or 20 to 33 years. The subjects were divided into three groups according to the Hellman developmental stage (III A, III B, or VA); the groups were the subdivided according to gender...
April 2018: Clinical and Experimental Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742276/hla-b57-01-shields-people-living-with-hiv-for-significantly-better-periodontal-health
#13
Gundolf Schuettfort, Philipp Leuw, Annette Haberl, Eva Herrmann, Kyu-Hyun Park, Timo Wolf, Christoph Stephan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between HLA-B57.01 (Human leukocyte antigen) and clinical parameters of chronic periodontitis in people living with HIV (PLWHIV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients were recruited from the HIVCENTER at the Universityhospital Frankfurt during April 2014 and July 2015. Periodontal examination included Periodontal Screening Index (PSI), Gingivalindex (GI), Bleeding on Probing Index (BOP), Periodontal Probing Depth (PD), Clinical Attachment Level (CAL) and DMF-T Score (decayed, missing, filled teeth)...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742233/income-trajectories-affect-treatment-of-dental-caries-from-childhood-to-young-adulthood-a-birth-cohort-study
#14
Marco Aurelio Peres, Pingzhou Liu, Flavio Fernando Demarco, Alexandre Emidio Ribeiro Silva, Fernando Cesar Wehrmeister, Ana Maria Menezes, Karen Glazer Peres
We aimed to analyze the effects of family income trajectories on the increase in dental caries from childhood to young adulthood. Data from the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort study, in which dental caries was measured at ages 6, 12, and 18 years, were analyzed. Family income of 302 participants was assessed at birth, and at 4, 11, 15, and 18 years of age. Mother's education, toothbrushing frequency, dental visiting, dental caries in primary dentition, and birth weight were covariates. A latent class growth analysis was conducted to characterize trajectories of time-varying variables...
2018: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736488/transitional-changes-in-the-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-children-and-preventive-strategies-a-review-of-nationwide-annual-surveys-in-japan
#15
Chizuru Mukouyama, Yuji Koike, Toshie Hirohara
PURPOSE: To elucidate the efficacy of strategies for preventing dental caries in Japanese children by examining trends over time in the prevalence of dental caries, the number of decayed, missing, or filled teeth (the DMFT index), and their association with factors affecting oral hygiene. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Several national surveys performed between 1955 and 2015 were reviewed. The prevalence of dental caries in children aged 5-15 years, the DMFT index in children aged 9 or 14 years, individual consumption of added sugars and snacks, the number of dentists in Japan, and the percentage of children who received fluoride varnish were analysed...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724206/dental-health-between-self-perception-clinical-evaluation-and-body-image-dissatisfaction-a-cross-sectional-study-in-mixed-dentition-pre-pubertal-children
#16
Ancuta Banu, Costela Șerban, Marius Pricop, Horatiu Urechescu, Brigitha Vlaicu
BACKGROUND: Self-perception of oral health status is a multidimensional construct that includes psychological, psychosocial and functional aspects of oral health. Contemporary concepts suggest that the evaluation of health needs should focus on clinical standards and socio-dental indicators that measure the impact of health/disease on the individual quality of life. Oral health cannot be dissociated from general health. This study evaluates a possible association between oral health status, body size, self-perception of oral health, self-perception of body size and dissatisfaction with body image in prepubertal children with mixed dentition, targeting the completion of children's health status assessment which will further allow the identification of individuals at risk and could be further used as an evaluation of the need for specific interventions...
May 3, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721221/caries-and-quality-of-life-in-portuguese-adolescents-impact-of-diet-and-behavioural-risk-factors
#17
Javier Montero, José Costa, Isabel Bica, Rocío Barrios
Background: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of diet and behavioural risk factors on caries appearance, and on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Portuguese adolescents. Material and Methods: An epidemiological study conducted on 782 adolescents between 11-17 years, from randomly selected public schools of the 3rd cycle of basic education. All participants were asked for self-perceived general status health, about tooth-brushing habits and about the using of toothpaste with fluoride and a Food Frequency Questionnaire...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709344/insufficient-sleep-and-incidence-of-dental-caries-in-deciduous-teeth-among-children-in-japan-a-population-based-cohort-study
#18
Hongyan Chen, Shiro Tanaka, Korenori Arai, Satomi Yoshida, Koji Kawakami
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether late bedtime and short nighttime sleep duration at age 18 months are associated with risk of caries in deciduous teeth. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based cohort study using health check-up data of 71 069 children born in Kobe City, Japan, who were free of caries at age 18 months and had information on sleep variables at age 18 months and records of dental examinations at age 3 years. Sleep variables were assessed by standardized parent-reported questionnaires, and the incidence of caries in deciduous teeth was defined as the occurrence of at least 1 decayed, missing, or filled tooth assessed by qualified dentists without radiographs...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699553/assessment-of-oral-health-and-cost-of-care-for-a-group-of-refugees-in-germany-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Katja Goetz, Wiebke Winkelmann, Jost Steinhäuser
BACKGROUND: There is a research gap concerning the evaluation of the oral healthcare of refugees. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the oral health of refugees and to estimate the costs of oral care. METHODS: The study was conceptualized as a pilot study. The study participants were refugees who lived either in collective living quarters or at a reception center in a region of the federal state of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. The cross-sectional design was complemented by dental screening...
April 27, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696641/the-pathfinder-study-among-schoolchildren-in-the-republic-of-moldova-dental-caries-experience
#20
Leon Bilder, Elena Stepco, Diana Uncuta, Dror Aizenbud, Eli Machtei, Amir Bilder, Harold D Sgan-Cohen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present research was to evaluate the current caries experience of schoolchildren in the Republic of Moldova. METHODS: A pathfinder study was planned and executed according to the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations. Caries experience was recorded in three large cities (the capital city and two other large cities) and four villages throughout the country. Within each site and age group, school clusters were randomly chosen. Three different age groups (6, 12 and 15 years) of schoolchildren were assessed...
April 25, 2018: International Dental Journal
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