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lancet clinical picture

Marko T Boskovski, J Grant Thomson
This article presents the history of the discovery of compression of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel without an identifiable cause as a distinct clinical entity. By analyzing primary sources, we show that, at the beginning of the twentieth century, physicians described patients with paresthesias and numbness in the hands, most prominent at night, accompanied by bilateral symmetrical atrophy along the radial side of thenar eminence. At the time, the 2 most influential hypotheses regarding etiology were, first, compression of the lower trunk of the brachial plexus by a cervical or first rib, and second, compression of the thenar branch of the median nerve as it passes beneath the anterior annular ligament of the wrist...
September 2014: Journal of Hand Surgery
Bruno Müller-Oerlinghausen, Michael Bauer, Paul Grof
A recent paper by McKnight et al. in The Lancet has provided the first formal meta-analysis of the more common adverse reactions to lithium. The authors analyzed 385 studies and focused mainly on the harmful effects of lithium on the kidney, the thyroid and parathyroid glands, body weight, skin and congenital malformations. Their contribution is important and welcome, but as a guide for practice, it needs to be complemented by other relevant observations and individual patient-focused perspectives.The findings from that meta-analysis somewhat underestimate the renal side-effects, and distort to some degree or exclude other adverse effects...
2012: BMC Medicine
Franco Benazzi
BACKGROUND: Polarity is the pillar of the current categorical unipolar-bipolar division of mood disorders. However, genetic studies on these polarity-based phenotypes have been largely inconclusive. Recent clinical and epidemiological studies seem to support more of a continuum than a splitting of mood disorders. A reshaping of the classification of mood disorders thus seems required. Age-at-onset and recurrence have been suggested to be more clinically and genetically useful in the phenotyping of mood disorders...
February 1, 2009: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
L Perey, S Leyvraz
Several articles covering treatment of mammary carcinoma in situ and invading mammary cancer have been published recently. This article delivers a short description of the clinical picture and the treatment of a noninvasive tumor as well as of the mainly conservative primary treatment of invasive carcinoma in common use since 20 years. Systemic adjuvant treatment is discussed in the context of results from a meta-analysis publishes two years ago in 'Lancet'. Finally, various directives for the execution of an adjuvant treatment are given that are offered today outside of a study protocol...
August 2, 1994: Schweizerische Rundschau Für Medizin Praxis, Revue Suisse de Médecine Praxis
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