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Down syndrome AND exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303472/chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-in-the-forearm-of-a-collegiate-softball-pitcher
#1
REVIEW
Austin Cole, John L Hiatt, Christopher Arnold, Terry Sites, Ramon Ylanon
BACKGROUND: Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is a recognized condition in the lower limb, with many reports in the literature. However, very few instances include CECS of the upper limb. This article presents the case of a collegiate softball pitcher presenting with CECS in her right forearm. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of a softball player with CECS, with only one similar incident in a major league baseball player. PURPOSE: The rarity of this condition normally places it low on the differential diagnosis...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241808/modified-lingguizhugan-decoction-incorporated-with-dietary-restriction-and-exercise-ameliorates-hyperglycemia-hyperlipidemia-and-hypertension-in-a-rat-model-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#2
Limei Yao, Jingjing Wei, Si Shi, Kunbin Guo, Xiangyu Wang, Qi Wang, Dingsheng Chen, Weirong Li
BACKGROUND: Modified Lingguizhugan Decoction (MLD) came from famous Chinese medicine Linggui Zhugan Decoction. The MLD is used for the treatment of metabolic syndrome in the clinical setting. Our study focuses on the comprehensive treatment of MLD incorporated with dietary restriction and exercise in a rat model of the metabolic syndrome (MS). METHODS: Rats were divided into five groups: control group (Cont), high-fat diet group (HFD), high-fat diet incorporated with dietary restriction group (HFD-DR), exercise incorporated with dietary restriction group (HFD-DR-Ex) and MLD incorporated with dietary restriction and exercise group (HFD-DR-Ex-MLD)...
February 28, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119223/the-effect-of-exercise-intervention-on-daily-life-activities-and-social-participation-in-individuals-with-down-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#3
J P Hardee, L Fetters
BACKGROUND: Few systematic reviews have looked at the effect of exercise intervention on activities of daily living and social participation in individuals with Down syndrome (DS) across the lifespan. AIMS: To evaluate the research on the effectiveness of exercise intervention on daily life activities and participation in individuals with DS. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Studies are from six electronic databases (CINHAL, Cochrane, ERIC, PEDro, PubMed, and PsycINFO) from 1987 to 2016...
March 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116787/effects-of-detraining-on-anthropometry-aerobic-capacity-and-functional-ability-in-adults-with-down-syndrome
#4
P H Boer
BACKGROUND: Structured exercise has shown to improve parameters of functional fitness in adults with Down syndrome (DS). However, few, if any, continue to exercise after exercise intervention studies. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of detraining on anthropometry, aerobic capacity and functional ability of adults with DS. METHODS: In a previous study, forty-two participants either performed 12 weeks of interval training, continuous aerobic training or no training (CON)...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103494/factors-associated-with-meeting-physical-activity-guidelines-by-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#5
Roger J Stancliffe, Lynda L Anderson
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) have sedentary lifestyles. AIMS: (a) compare adults with IDD with the general adult population on adherence to U.S. physical activity (PA) guidelines, and (b) determine what factors predict adherence to PA guidelines by adults with IDD. METHODS: We compared adults with IDD from the 2011-2012 National Core Indicators Adult Consumer Survey (NCI-ACS) with the general U...
March 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623609/how-do-adults-with-down-syndrome-perceive-physical-activity
#6
Adam Love, Stamatis Agiovlasitis
Adults with Down syndrome (DS) tend to have low physical activity levels, which may relate to how they perceive participation in physical activities. The current study entailed interviews with 30 adults with DS (age 18-71 yr, 18 women) to examine how they perceived physical activity, exercise, and sport. Through qualitative analysis informed by grounded theory, the investigators found that adults with DS have positive perceptions of physical activity that center on enjoyment. Three facets of enjoyment were identified: interaction, achievement, and process...
July 2016: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448331/overweight-and-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-with-down-syndrome-prevalence-determinants-consequences-and-interventions-a-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Fabio Bertapelli, Ken Pitetti, Stamatis Agiovlasitis, Gil Guerra-Junior
BACKGROUND: Children with Down syndrome (DS) are more likely to be overweight or obese than the general population of youth without DS. AIMS: To review the prevalence of overweight and obesity and their determinants in youth with DS. The health consequences and the effectiveness of interventions were also examined. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A search using MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, CINAHL, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, LILACS, and COCHRANE was conducted...
October 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27360401/effect-of-vestibular-stimulation-exercises-on-balance-in-children-with-down-syndrome-1482-board-135-june-2-9-00-am-10-30-am
#8
Sarah Sunderman, Kathleen Carter, Stefanie Wooten-Burnett, Jill Jacobi-Vessels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345145/epigenomic-changes-associated-with-impaired-norepinephrine-transporter-function-in-postural-tachycardia-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
Abdul Waheed Khan, Susan J Corcoran, Murray Esler, Assam El-Osta
The postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is characterised clinically by symptoms of light-headedness, palpitations, fatigue and exercise intolerance occurring with standing and relieved by lying down. Symptoms occur in association with an inappropriate rise in heart rate in the absence of a fall in blood pressure with the assumption of standing. The pathophysiology of POTS is complicated and poorly understood. Plasma norepinephrine (NE) is often elevated in patients with POTS, resulting in consideration of dysfunction of the norepinephrine transporter (NET) encoded by SLC6A2 gene...
March 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274430/tibiofemoral-joint-mobilization-in-the-successful-management-of-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome-a-case-report
#10
Justin M Lantz, Alicia J Emerson-Kavchak, John J Mischke, Carol A Courtney
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a common source of anterior knee pain. Controversy exists over the exact clinical findings which define PFPS, thus, diagnosis and management can be challenging for clinicians. There is paucity in the literature concerning joint mobilization as treatment for PFPS, particularly at the tibiofemoral joint, as standard management is currently focused on therapeutic exercise, orthotics, bracing and taping. Therefore, the purpose of this case report is to describe the effects of tibiofemoral joint mobilization in the successful treatment of an individual with chronic PFPS as it relates to pain, function and central processing of pain...
June 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27165540/cardiac-autonomic-modulation-and-blood-pressure-responses-to-isometric-handgrip-and-submaximal-cycling-exercise-in-individuals-with-down-syndrome
#11
Kanokwan Bunsawat, Tracy Baynard
PURPOSE: Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) exhibit autonomic dysfunction, manifested as attenuated heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) responses to sympathoexcitation. Whether a subgroup of individuals with DS with a normal HR response would have normal autonomic responses to sympathoexcitation remains unclear. METHODS: We compared autonomic modulation using HR variability (HRV) and BP responses in individuals with and without DS (controls) matched for the HR change to isometric handgrip (HG) (10 DS, 8 controls) and submaximal cycling exercise (CE) (9 DS, 9 controls)...
August 2016: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27106806/nuclear-receptors-and-ampk-can-exercise-mimetics-cure-diabetes
#12
REVIEW
Christopher E Wall, Ruth T Yu, Anne R Atkins, Michael Downes, Ronald M Evans
Endurance exercise can lead to systemic improvements in insulin sensitivity and metabolic homeostasis, and is an effective approach to combat metabolic diseases. Pharmacological compounds that recapitulate the beneficial effects of exercise, also known as 'exercise mimetics', have the potential to improve disease symptoms of metabolic syndrome. These drugs, which can increase energy expenditure, suppress hepatic gluconeogenesis, and induce insulin sensitization, have accordingly been highly scrutinized for their utility in treating metabolic diseases including diabetes...
July 2016: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27099763/effect-of-dual-pulmonary-vasodilator-therapy-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-associated-with-congenital-heart-disease-a-retrospective-analysis
#13
Oliver Monfredi, Elliot Heward, Linda Griffiths, Robin Condliffe, Vaikom S Mahadevan
BACKGROUND: Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) are managed according to evidence-based treatment guidelines. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this single-centre retrospective analysis, we examined outcomes of patients with PAH caused by congenital heart disease (PAH-CHD) with respect to exercise capacity and survival of adults treated with either bosentan or sildenafil monotherapy or bosentan-sildenafil dual therapy between January 2007 and January 2014...
2016: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27018305/the-effects-of-assisted-cycling-therapy-act-and-voluntary-cycling-on-reaction-time-and-measures-of-executive-function-in-adolescents-with-down-syndrome
#14
S D R Ringenbach, S D Holzapfel, G M Mulvey, A Jimenez, A Benson, M Richter
BACKGROUND: Reports of positive effects of aerobic exercise on cognitive function in persons with Down syndrome are extremely limited. However, a novel exercise intervention, termed assisted cycling therapy (ACT), has resulted in acutely improved cognitive planning ability and reaction times as well as improved cognitive planning after 8 weeks of ACT in adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome. Here, we report the effects of 8 weeks of ACT on reaction time, set-shifting, inhibition and language fluency in adolescents with Down syndrome...
November 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985205/effect-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-on-heart-rate-recovery-in-coronary-heart-disease
#15
Leila Mahdavi Anari, Mahdieh Ghanbari-Firoozabadi, Zahra Ansari, Mahmoud Emami, Mohammadreza Vafaii Nasab, Mahdieh Nemaiande, Fatemeh Boostany, Mohamadreza Neishaboury
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that the autonomic system function and the metabolic syndrome can significantly affect patients' survival. The aim of the current study was to investigate the impact of the cardiac rehabilitation program on the autonomic system balance in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: Patients with a previous diagnosis of coronary artery disease who were referred to the Cardiovascular Rehabilitation Center of Afshar Hospital (Yazd, Iran) between March and November 2011 were enrolled...
October 27, 2015: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26923820/dose-response-relationship-between-intensity-of-exercise-and-cognitive-performance-in-individuals-with-down-syndrome-a-preliminary-study
#16
C-C J J Chen, S D R Ringenbach
BACKGROUND: Cognitive performance has been shown to be relevant to the early onset of Alzheimer's disease in individuals with Down syndrome. This study was aimed at investigating the dose-response relationship between acute exercise intensity and cognitive performance in this population. METHODS: In the current study, we measured information processing speed and two aspects of executive function (i.e. attention shifting and inhibitory control). Participants were assigned to high-intensity exercise (i...
June 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26872560/exercise-the-lifelong-supplement-for-healthy-ageing-and-slowing-down-the-onset-of-frailty
#17
REVIEW
Jose Viña, Leocadio Rodriguez-Mañas, Andrea Salvador-Pascual, Francisco José Tarazona-Santabalbina, Mari Carmen Gomez-Cabrera
The beneficial effects of exercise have been well recognized for over half a century. Dr Jeremy Morris's pioneering studies in the fifties showed a striking difference in cardiovascular disease between the drivers and conductors on the double-decker buses in London. These studies sparked off a vast amount of research on the effects of exercise in health, and the general consensus is that exercise contributes to improved outcomes and treatment for several diseases including osteoporosis, diabetes, depression and atherosclerosis...
April 15, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26805768/effect-of-continuous-aerobic-vs-interval-training-on-selected-anthropometrical-physiological-and-functional-parameters-of-adults-with-down-syndrome
#18
P H Boer, S J Moss
BACKGROUND: A large percentage of adults with Down syndrome (DS) are overweight and have extremely low aerobic capacities compared with the general population and persons with intellectual disability without DS. Previous aerobic training intervention studies showed limited potential to significantly ameliorate anthropometrical and cardiovascular variables. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effect of continuous aerobic training (CAT) vs. interval training (IT) on selected anthropometrical, health, physical and functional parameters of adults with DS...
January 25, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26632421/clinical-asthma-phenotypes-in-the-real-world-opportunities-and-challenges
#19
REVIEW
Clementine Bostantzoglou, Vicky Delimpoura, Konstantinos Samitas, Eleftherios Zervas, Frank Kanniess, Mina Gaga
Asthma is a common, chronic and heterogeneous syndrome, affecting people of all ages, all races and both sexes. It may range from mild disease with barely noticeable symptoms, to very severe disease with constant symptoms that greatly hinder the life of the patient. Guidelines issued by various medical societies provide guidance on how to diagnose and manage asthmatic patients. It is now increasingly recognised that asthma management must be individualised, tailored not only to the severity of the disease but to the phenotypic characteristics of each patient...
September 2015: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26434558/physical-activity-engagement-in-young-people-with-down-syndrome-investigating-parental-beliefs
#20
Marianna Alesi, Annamaria Pepi
BACKGROUND: Despite the wide documentation of the physical/psychological benefits derived from regular physical activity (PA), high levels of inactivity are reported among people with Down syndrome. This study aims to explore parental beliefs concerning involvement, facilitators/barriers and benefits of PA in young people. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 parents of young people with Down syndrome. RESULTS: Three facilitation themes were identified: (i) the support derived from family; (ii) the availability of APA (Adapted Physical Activity) expert instructors and coaches; (iii) the challenging nature of sport activities...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
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