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Soyoung Kwon, Daehoon Han
Experiences of discrimination and mental disorder have been recognized as risks for suicidality. Yet, few studies have examined the direct and indirect effects of discrimination on suicidal ideation through mental disorder among Latino adults in the U.S. This study aimed to examine whether everyday discrimination and racial/ethnic discrimination is associated with suicidal ideation and if mental disorder (i.e., DSM-IV depressive, anxiety, and substance use) mediates the association. Discrimination was operationalized with self-reported discriminatory experience...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Astrid Eliasen, Kim Peder Dalhoff, Henrik Horwitz
INTRODUCTION: Neurological diseases have a profound impact on quality of life. We investigated the risk of suicide attempt in ten neurological diseases. METHODS: Case-control study. Cases were identified from the Danish Poison Information Centre database in the period 2006-2013. The prevalence of ten neurological diagnoses was compared with the prevalence in a randomly sampled age- and gender-matched control group. RESULTS: We identified 8974 cases of suicidal attempt and 89,740 controls...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Neurology
Mahnaz Fallahi Khesht-Masjedi, Somayeh Shokrgozar, Elahe Abdollahi, Mahbuobe Golshahi, Zahra Sharif-Ghaziani
Introduction: Symptoms of depression vary between the males and females. Depressed men show behaviors such as irritability, restlessness, difficulty in concentrating, and instead of the usual behaviors. Sleep disturbance is a common symptom in depressed men. Men are less likely to go to doctors and unconsciously show other behaviors such as anger instead of the sadness. It seems that considering depression as "feminine" is a great injustice toward male patients whom their illness will not be diagnosed nor treated...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Yari Gvion, Yossi Levi-Belz
Background: One of the main obstacles in studying suicide risk factors is the difference between cases in which the individual died by suicide and those in which the individual engaged in suicidal behavior. A promising strategy that overcomes this obstacle is the study of survivors of serious suicide attempt (SSA), i.e., an attempt that would have been lethal had it not been for the provision of rapid and effective emergency treatment. Serious suicide attempters are epidemiologically very much like those who died by suicide, and thus may serve as valid proxies for studying suicides...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Jessica Mead
This qualitative group case study was ascertained to conceptualize theory on the topic of grief and emerging adulthood. A literature review proved no research to this specific experience. The aim of this study was to understand the suicide grief experience in this developmental stage. Based on the exploration of 150 suicide-bereaved emerging adults, participants in the Catholic Charities Young Adult Support Group expressed common themes related to the their unique grief experiences. Criterion sampling was used, as all these individuals voluntarily attended this group after losing a loved one to suicide...
January 1, 2018: Omega
S Rusta-Sallehy, M Gooderham, K Papp
Interleukin (IL)-17 is important in the pathophysiology of psoriasis and has proven to be an effective therapeutic target. Brodalumab, the third commercially available IL-17 antagonist, was approved by the US FDA in February 2017 for the treatment of moderate-tosevere plaque psoriasis. As brodalumab enters the marketplace, it is imperative to investigate its safety profile. We conducted a safety assessment of brodalumab using publically available adverse event data from phase II and III clinical trials. The most common adverse events were nasopharyngitis, upper respiratory tract infection, and candidiasis...
March 2018: Skin Therapy Letter
Selen Ozakar Akca, Ozgur Yuncu, Zehra Aydin
OBJECTIVE: The most important determinant of suicide ideation, tendency and initiative is the presence of mental disorders. Since the number of those who lost their lives due to suicide in the world rose rapidly among the young population, the World Health Organization emphasizes the importance of assessing young people in the high-risk age group to prevent suicidal behavior. This study aimed to determine psychological symptom levels and suicide probability in young people. METHOD: The cross-sectional research consisted of 15-24 year-old individuals (N=348), who have sought a psychiatric clinic between February and June, 2015...
January 2018: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Francesca Maghin, Salvatore A Andreola, Michele Boracchi, Guendalina Gentile, Francesca Maciocco, Enrico Muccino, Riccardo Zoja
The authors used a particular protocol on putrefied corpses to highlight the cutaneous furrow. Two groups of cadavers were selected: in the first group (suicide by hanging mechanical asphyxia), the authors sampled cutaneous lozenges on the furrow still macroscopically recognisable, while in the second group (corpses deceased by different means), we sampled cutaneous lozenges in the hypostatic leaning. All specimens were divided in two: one underwent standard fixation while the other, previously rehydrated in Sandison's solution, was then fixed in formalin...
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
D F Chritinin, A V Esin, M A Sumarokova
AIM: To study the formation and dynamics of development of suicidal behavior (SB) in medical students based on a personality/psychological approach. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred and seventy-two students with- (n=75) and without SB (n=197) were examined. Psychopathological and psychological methods, and several questionnaires and scales were used. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Personality and environmental characteristics as well as family loading were the leading factors of SB formation...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Chris Baeken, Romain Duprat, Guo-Rong Wu, Rudi De Raedt, Kees van Heeringen
BACKGROUND: Accelerated repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation paradigms have been shown to result in fast decreases in depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation. Although the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC) region has been put forward as a possible biological marker, so far, no studies evaluated the clinical effects of accelerated intermittent theta burst stimulation (aiTBS) on sgACC functional connectivity (FC). METHODS: Fifty patients with treatment-resistant depression were enrolled in this registered randomized double-blind sham-controlled crossover aiTBS treatment study...
October 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, Atami O Sagna, C Nathan Marti
BACKGROUND: US suicide rates among older women have substantially increased over the past decade. We examined potential differences in sociodemographic and risk/precipitating factors among older female suicide decedents who died by drug overdose versus firearms, hanging/suffocation, and other means, and postmortem toxicology results by suicide means. METHODS: Data are from the 2005 to 2015 US National Violent Death Reporting System (N = 12,401 female decedents aged 50 years and over)...
March 21, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Fareen Zaver, Nicole Battaglioli, William Denq, Anne Messman, Arlene Chung, Michelle Lin, Emberlynn L Liu
Introduction: Burnout, depression, and suicidality among residents of all specialties have become a critical focus for the medical education community, especially among learners in graduate medical education. In 2017 the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) updated the Common Program Requirements to focus more on resident wellbeing. To address this issue, one working group from the 2017 Resident Wellness Consensus Summit (RWCS) focused on wellness program innovations and initiatives in emergency medicine (EM) residency programs...
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jacob Arnold, Jennifer Tango, Ian Walker, Chris Waranch, Joshua McKamie, Zafrina Poonja, Anne Messman
Introduction: Physicians are at much higher risk for burnout, depression, and suicide than their non-medical peers. One of the working groups from the May 2017 Resident Wellness Consensus Summit (RWCS) addressed this issue through the development of a longitudinal residency curriculum to address resident wellness and burnout. Methods: A 30-person (27 residents, three attending physicians) Wellness Curriculum Development workgroup developed the curriculum in two phases...
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Arlene S Chung, Jon Smart, Michael Zdradzinski, Sarah Roth, Alecia Gende, Kylie Conroy, Nicole Battaglioli
Introduction: Burnout, depression, and suicidality among residents of all specialties have become a critical focus of attention for the medical education community. Methods: As part of the 2017 Resident Wellness Consensus Summit in Las Vegas, Nevada, resident participants from 31 programs collaborated in the Educator Toolkit workgroup. Over a seven-month period leading up to the summit, this workgroup convened virtually in the Wellness Think Tank, an online resident community, to perform a literature review and draft curricular plans on three core wellness topics...
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Fahad D Alosaimi, Hossam S Alawad, Ayedh K Alamri, Abdullah I Saeed, Khalid A Aljuaydi, Alwaleed S Alotaibi, Khalid M Alotaibi, Eiad A Alfaris
Background: Physicians experience several work-related stressors that have been mounting up in recent decades. This study aimed to examine perceived stress and its risk factors and consequences among consultant physicians in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2014 to March 2015 among physicians who were assigned rank of consultant. The stress level was assessed using perceived stress scale (PSS). Results: A total of 582 consultants participated...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Duygu Ferek Emir, Ibrahim Ulas Ozturan, Serkan Yilmaz
INTRODUCTION: Alpha lipoic acid (ALA) is a potent antioxidant used to treat a variety of disorders. Although ALA is considered a very safe supplement and intoxication is very rare, acute high-dose ingestions can cause mortality. In this report, we discuss a very rare case of ALA intoxication to increase awareness of this issue. CASE REPORT: A 22-year-old female was referred to our emergency department with ALA intoxication after ingesting a total of 18g of ALA with a suicidal intention...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Yu-Chuan Chiu, Shen-Ing Liu, Chen-Ju Lin, Yu-Shin Huang, Chun-Kai Fang, Fang-Ju Sun, Kai-Liang Kao, Yo-Ping Huang, Shu-I Wu
This study examines the reliability, factor structure, convergent, and construct validities of the Mandarin Chinese version of the Reasons For Living Inventory (RFL) among Taiwanese psychiatric patients. Demographical characteristics of patients who hold these adaptive cognitions and differences on the level of endorsement between suicidal and non-suicidal individuals were also investigated. All adult patients that had visited the psychiatric ambulatory clinic or had been admitted to the psychiatric ward in a general hospital in Taiwan over a 3-month period were consecutively invited to complete an inventory that included background information, the Mandarin Chinese versions of the RFL, the Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire- Revised (SBQ-R), and the Beck Hopeless Scale (BHS)...
March 20, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
Meg Perceval, Kairi Kõlves, Victoria Ross, Prasuna Reddy, Diego De Leo
Farmers and farm workers have been recognised as a group at high risk of suicide in Australia. This study aims to identify and better understand environmental factors associated with suicide among Australian farmers and farm workers. Qualitative analysis was undertaken in accordance with the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research. Male and female focus groups were conducted separately with people who lived or worked on a farm in six farming communities. Qualitative analyses showed that a number of environmental influences may contribute to the increased risk of suicide: extreme climatic events; isolation; service availability; access to, and frequent use of firearms; death and suffering of animals; government and legislation; technology; and property values...
March 20, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Claudia Bozzaro
Physician-assisted dying (assisted suicide and euthanasia) is currently an intensely discussed topic in several countries. Despite differences in legislation and application, countries with end-of-life laws have similar eligibility criteria for assistance in dying: individuals must be in a hopeless situation and experience unbearable suffering. Hopelessness, as a basic aspect of the human condition, is a central topic in Albert Camus' philosophical work The Myth of Sisyphus, which addresses the question of suicide...
March 20, 2018: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
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March 20, 2018: Scientific American
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