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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806734/mental-health-among-single-and-partnered-parents-in-south-korea
#1
Kyoung Ae Kong, Hee Yeon Choi, Soo In Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the mental health of single parents relative to partnered parents and assesses the contribution of the social and demographic factors to this difference, examining the gender difference in it. METHODS: We analyzed 12,024 single and partnered subjects, aged 30-59 years, living with children, aged 0-19 years, drawn from the 4th, 5th, and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) dataset in South Korea conducted from 2007-2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806631/unraveling-complex-relationships-among-dysphoric-disorder-localization-related-epilepsy-and-mood-disorders
#2
Tetsufumi Suda, Yasutaka Tatsuzawa, Taichi Mogi, Aihide Yoshino
BACKGROUND: Dysphoric disorder (DD), characterized by intermittent pleomorphic symptoms, has been believed to be specific to epilepsy. However, our previous study revealed that DD in patients with localization-related epilepsy was associated with a lifetime diagnosis of mood disorders. The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of DD in patients with mood disorders, but not epilepsy, and to identify the clinical similarities and differences of DD in patients with either epilepsy or mood disorders...
August 11, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806484/tensions-in-perspectives-on-suicide-prevention-between-men-who-have-attempted-suicide-and-their-support-networks-secondary-analysis-of-qualitative-data
#3
Andrea S Fogarty, Michael Spurrier, Michael J Player, Kay Wilhelm, Erin L Whittle, Fiona Shand, Helen Christensen, Judith Proudfoot
BACKGROUND: Men generally have higher rates of suicide, despite fewer overt indicators of risk. Differences in presentation and response suggest a need to better understand why suicide prevention is less effective for men. OBJECTIVE: To explore the views of at-risk men, friends and family about the tensions inherent in suicide prevention and to consider how prevention may be improved. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of qualitative interview and focus group data, using thematic analysis techniques, alongside bracketing, construction and contextualisation...
August 14, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806372/exploring-rural-disparities-in-medical-diagnoses-among-veterans-with-transgender-related-diagnoses-utilizing-veterans-health-administration-care
#4
Leigh A Bukowski, John Blosnich, Jillian C Shipherd, Michael R Kauth, George R Brown, Adam J Gordon
OBJECTIVES: Research shows transgender individuals experience pronounced health disparities compared with their nontransgender peers. Yet, there remains insufficient research about health differences within transgender populations. This study seeks to fill this gap by exploring how current urban/rural status is associated with lifetime diagnosis of mood disorder, alcohol dependence disorder, illicit drug abuse disorder, tobacco use, posttraumatic stress disorder, human immunodeficiency virus, and suicidal ideation or attempt among veterans with transgender-related diagnoses...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806233/enhancing-key-competencies-of-health-professionals-in-the-assessment-and-care-of-adults-at-risk-of-suicide-through-education-and-technology
#5
Kathryn Ryan, Claudia Tindall, Gillian Strudwick
PURPOSE: This article describes efforts undertaken to improve the clinical competencies of health professionals in the area of suicide risk assessment, documentation, and care planning. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT: Best practices that fit the mental health and addictions setting were identified from the Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario Best Practice Guideline on Assessment and Care of Adults at Risk for Suicidal Ideation and Behaviour. A variety of methods were used to implement the guidelines at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, Ontario, Canada...
September 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806009/regional-infant-and-child-mortality-review-committee-2015-final-report
#6
Ann L Wilson, Jim Sideras, Brad Randall
The Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee serves 10 counties in southeastern South Dakota and aims to use its reviews to prevent future loss of life during childhood. In 2015, the committee reviewed 24 deaths (compared to 32 cases in 2013 and 25 cases in 2014). Consistent with observations made in previous years, in 2015 all infants (n=7) who died during sleep did so with risks present in the sleep environment. Progress in decreasing these infant deaths in the region is not being observed, and in fact, may even be deteriorating...
October 2016: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805754/-a-phenomenological-analysis-of-non-suicidal-self-injuries-in-adolescents
#7
O B Levkovskaja, Ju S Shevchenko, L Ju Danilova, V V Grachev
AIM: To perform a phenomenological/clinical/psychopathological analysis of non-suicidal self-injury behavior (NSSI) in adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The authors studied 155 adolescents, 140 girls and 15 boys, aged 12-17 years, including 111 with self-cutting, 5 with self-burning, 4 with self-beating. Other cases included combined, multiple and other variants of NSSI. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: NSSI develop more often in female teenagers...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805577/nonmotor-symptoms-in-huntington-disease
#8
Francisco Cardoso
Huntington disease (HD) is characterized by the triad of motor abnormalities, cognitive dysfunction, and behavioral changes. The aim of this chapter is to describe the frequency, clinical features, and management of behavioral and cognitive dysfunction in HD. Depression, suicidal ideation, apathy, irritability, aggressiveness, obsessions, and compulsions are the most common behavioral abnormalities in HD. All HD patients develop cognitive decline. Recent data suggest that these nonmotor changes are found in premanifest HD gene carriers...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805575/nonmotor-symptoms-in-dystonia
#9
Julie Ann Kristy L Torres, Raymond L Rosales
With the emergence of quality of life measures as an indicator for the impact of medical and surgical interventions in dystonia, focus has shifted toward unraveling the pathophysiology and neuroanatomical basis of the "nonmotor symptoms" (NMS). To date, the NMS are now recognized as the greater determinant of quality of life in dystonia, going above and beyond the motor symptomatology. This chapter highlights what is currently known in available literature on the NMS among patients with early-onset dystonia, adult-onset focal dystonia, and dystonia-plus syndromes with particular focus on the NMS involving cognition, mood, behavior (even suicide), sleep, and pain...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805555/gender-differences-in-suicidal-behaviors-mediation-role-of-psychological-distress-between-alcohol-abuse-dependence-and-suicidal-behaviors
#10
Yi Jin Kim, Viktor Burlaka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805413/suicide-among-american-indian-alaska-native-military-service-members-and-veterans
#11
Victoria M O'Keefe, Greg M Reger
Many American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities experience high suicide rates. However, there is little discussion in epidemiological and empirical literature about suicide-related outcomes among AI/AN military service members or veterans. This article briefly reviews the literature on AI/AN suicide and discusses what is known about Native military service member and veteran suicide mortality and self-directed violence. Recent studies suggest high suicide death rates among AI/AN military service members and veterans...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805410/american-akicita-indigenous-american-warriors-and-military-service
#12
J Douglas McDonald
Indigenous Americans (i.e., Native/American Indians, AK natives, Pacific Islanders) have consistently volunteered for military service at greater rates than any other ethnic group, including the majority culture, since the early days of the country. This article is an introduction to the special section which includes a number of outstanding papers that provide an innovative and compelling effort to overcome the challenges of casualties from war and render effective and culturally informed care. These manuscripts describe culturally appropriate considerations of suicide (O'Keefe), family involvement and access to care (Whealin), and telehealth for treatment of rural Native veterans (Goss)...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805179/psychosis-as-a-risk-factor-for-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-a-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#13
X Huang, K R Fox, J D Ribeiro, J C Franklin
BACKGROUND: Research has long noted higher prevalence rates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among individuals with psychotic symptoms. Major theories have proposed several explanations to account for this association. Given the differences in the literature regarding the operationalization of psychosis and sample characteristics, a quantitative review is needed to determine to what extent and how psychosis confers risk for suicidality. METHODS: We searched PsycInfo, PubMed, and GoogleScholar for studies published before 1 January 2016...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805169/the-prevalence-of-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviours-among-college-students-a-meta-analysis
#14
P Mortier, P Cuijpers, G Kiekens, R P Auerbach, K Demyttenaere, J G Green, R C Kessler, M K Nock, R Bruffaerts
BACKGROUND: Adolescence and young adulthood carry risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviours (STB). An increasing subpopulation of young people consists of college students. STB prevalence estimates among college students vary widely, precluding a validated point of reference. In addition, little is known on predictors for between-study heterogeneity in STB prevalence. METHODS: A systematic literature search identified 36 college student samples that were assessed for STB outcomes, representing a total of 634 662 students [median sample size = 2082 (IQR 353-5200); median response rate = 74% (IQR 37-89%)]...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805152/comparing-the-prevalence-and-the-risk-profile-for-antenatal-depressive-symptoms-across-cultures
#15
Irene E Corbani, Paola Rucci, Elena Iapichino, Marta Quartieri Bollani, Gilla Cauli, Mara R Ceruti, Costanzo Gala, Mariano Bassi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although several studies have analyzed the risk factors of antenatal and post-partum depression, evidence on the prevalence and the risk profile for antenatal depressive symptoms (ADS) between native-born and different groups of non-native born women living in the same country is scant. The aim of this article is to compare the prevalence and the risk profile for ADS across geographical areas in women recruited from two large hospitals of North-western Italy. METHOD: The presence of ADS was defined as an Edinburgh Post-natal Depression Scale (EPDS) score ≥12 or a Beck Depression Inventory, Short Form (BDI-SF) score ≥9 or the presence of suicidal ideation/behavior...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805120/the-police-social-services-and-psychiatry-psp-cooperation-as-a-platform-for-dealing-with-concerns-of-radicalization
#16
D Sestoft, S M Hansen, A B Christensen
The police, social services, and psychiatry (PSP) is a structured cooperation between the police, social services, and the psychiatric system in Denmark. The aim of PSP is to ensure that relevant information is shared and supportive measures enhanced concerning citizens at risk, and it involves PSP representatives from each sector meeting frequently. PSP is implemented nationwide by law. In recent years, dealing with radicalization and the threat of terrorism have become key issues in society. The PSP cooperation already facilitates the identification of citizens at many kinds of risk (e...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804399/care-service-use-in-2-years-preceding-suicide-among-older-adults-comparison-with-those-who-died-a-natural-death-and-those-who-lived-longer
#17
Leena Forma, Mari Aaltonen, Jutta Pulkki, Jani Raitanen, Pekka Rissanen, Marja Jylhä
The aim of the study is (1) to describe and analyse health and social service use and medicine purchases in the last 2 years of life among older adults who died by suicide and (2) to compare use and purchases between three groups: those who died by suicide, died a natural death or who lived longer. Nation-wide Finnish register data were used. The data consist of 316,639 decedents who died at the age of 70 years or older in 1998-2008 and 222,967 people who lived longer. Use of hospital, long-term care and home care, and the purchase of prescribed psychotropic medications were studied for the 2-year period...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803741/the-cardiovascular-toxicity-of-triadimefon-in-early-life-stage-of-zebrafish-and-potential-implications-to-human-health
#18
Hong-Cui Liu, Tian-Yi Chu, Li-Li Chen, Wen-Jun Gui, Guo-Nian Zhu
The health risk of triadimefon (TF) to cardiovascular system of human is still unclear, especially to pesticide suicides population, occupational population (farmers, retailers and pharmaceutical workers), and special population (young children and infants, pregnant women, older people, and those with compromised immune systems) who are at a greater risk. Therefore, firstly we explored the toxic effects and possible mechanism of cardiovascular toxicity induced by TF using zebrafish model. Zebrafish at stage of 48 h post fertilization (hpf) exposed to TF for 24 h exhibited morphological malformations which were further confirmed by histopathologic examination, including pericardial edema, circulation abnormalities, serious venous thrombosis and increased distance between the sinus venosus (SV) and bulbus arteriosus (BA) regions of the heart...
August 10, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803042/who-are-likely-to-attempt-suicide-again-a-comparative-study-between-the-first-and-multiple-timers
#19
Yanzheng Liu, Jie Zhang, Long Sun
BACKGROUND: Various explanations account for suicide incidents, and some patients continue to attempt afterwards and others never again. The suicide mortality rate increases with the number of serious attempts. The prevention of secondary attempt of suicide should be an important approach to reduce suicide mortality. However, the characteristics of the targeted population of repeated suicide attempters are understudied. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional data collection from hospital emergency room from patients who had either attempted suicide for the first time (n=721) or for two or more times (n=70)...
July 20, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803039/suicidal-behaviors-and-their-relationship-with-psychotic-like-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis
#20
Eugene J D'Angelo, Sarah Hope Lincoln, Nicholas Morelli, Kelsey Graber, Sahil Tembulkar, Joseph Gonzalez-Heydrich
BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated elevated rates of suicide attempts and ideation in individuals with psychosis. This study investigated rates and severity of suicidal behavior in youth with and at clinical high risk for psychosis, and examined the positive, negative, and disorganized symptoms associated with suicidal behaviors among the clinical high risk group. METHODS: Eighty-six youth ages 7-18 (n=21 non-clinical controls [NCC], n=40 clinical high risk [CHR], n=25 diagnosed psychotic disorder [PD]) were recruited...
July 20, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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