keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cardiac risk factor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243858/atrial-fibrillation-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-and-mortality-in-patients-with-symptomatic-peripheral-artery-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#1
Mislav Vrsalović, Ana Vrsalović Presečki
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with adverse outcomes in terms of survival and morbidity. Peripheral artery disease (PAD) and AF share several common risk factors and often coexist. Whether AF has a prognostic role in patients with PAD has not been extensively studied. HYPOTHESIS: AF is associated with major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and mortality in symptomatic PAD patients. METHODS: Using MEDLINE and Scopus, we searched for studies published before December 2016 that evaluated cardiovascular outcomes based on the presence/absence of AF in a prospective manner with a follow-up period of ≥12 months...
December 15, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243511/acute-stress-disorder-and-c-reactive-protein-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#2
Hannes Bielas, Rebecca E Meister-Langraf, Jean-Paul Schmid, Jürgen Barth, Hansjörg Znoj, Ulrich Schnyder, Mary Princip, Roland von Känel
Background Myocardial infarction-triggered acute stress disorder (ASD) and subclinical inflammation associate with the development of posttraumatic stress disorder, and worsen the prognosis of myocardial infarction patients. We examined the relationship between ASD severity and C-reactive protein levels in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Methods We assessed 190 patients (median age 59 years; 83% men) with a verified myocardial infarction within 48 h of an acute coronary intervention. Circulating levels of C-reactive protein were categorized according to their prognostic risk for cardiovascular disease: 0 to <5, 5 to <10, 10 to <20, and ≥ 20 mg/l...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243390/aquaporin-4-blockade-improves-survival-of-murine-heart-allografts-subjected-to-prolonged-cold-ischemia
#3
Katayoun Ayasoufi, Naoki Kohei, Michael Nicosia, Ran Fan, George W Farr, Paul R McGuirk, Marc F Pelletier, Robert L Fairchild, Anna Valujskikh
Prolonged cold ischemia storage (CIS) is a leading risk factor for poor transplant outcome. Existing strategies strive to minimize IRI in transplanted organs, yet there is a need for novel approaches to improve outcomes of marginal allografts and expand the pool of donor organs suitable for transplantation. Aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of water channels that facilitate homeostasis, tissue injury and inflammation. We tested whether inhibition of AQP4 improves the survival of fully MHC-mismatched murine cardiac allografts subjected to 8 h CIS...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242848/effect-of-combined-endurance-resistance-training-and-soy-extract-supplementation-on-expression-of-enos-gene-in-ovariectomized-rats
#4
Morteza Jourkesh, Siroos Choobineh, Rahman Soori, Ali Asghar Ravasi
Introduction: Menopause is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Physical exercise and soybean diets have been suggested to reduce the risk of CVD in postmenopausal women. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of combined resistance and endurance (RE) training and soy extract (SOY) supplementation, both known to improve endothelial function, on expression of the eNOS gene in the heart of ovariectomized (OVX) rats. Material and methods: Fifty female Wistar rats were divided into five groups: 1) sham (SHAM); 2) ovariectomy (OVX); 3) ovariectomy with soy extract supplementation (OVX + SOY); 4) OVX with RE training (OVX + RE); 5) and ovariectomy plus RE training with soy extract supplementation (OVX + RE + SOY)...
2017: Archives of Medical Sciences. Atherosclerotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242752/out-of-pocket-expenditures-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-general-and-specialised-cardiac-hospitals-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-cohort-study
#5
Mieraf Taddesse Tolla, Ole Frithjof Norheim, Stéphane Verguet, Abebe Bekele, Kassahun Amenu, Senbeta Guteta Abdisa, Kjell Arne Johansson
Background: Cardiovascular disease poses a great financial risk on households in countries without universal health coverage like Ethiopia. This paper aims to estimate the magnitude and intensity of catastrophic health expenditure and factors associated with catastrophic health expenditure for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease in general and specialised cardiac hospitals in Addis Ababa. Methods and findings: We conducted a cross-sectional cohort study among individuals who sought cardiovascular disease care in selected hospitals in Addis Ababa during February to March 2015 (n=589, response rate 94%)...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242201/familial-aggregation-of-aortic-valvular-stenosis-a-nationwide-study-of-sibling-risk
#6
Andreas Martinsson, Xinjun Li, Bengt Zöller, Pontus Andell, Charlotte Andersson, Kristina Sundquist, J Gustav Smith
BACKGROUND: Aortic valvular stenosis (AS) is the most common cause of cardiac valvular replacement surgery. During the last century, the pathogenesis of AS has undergone transitions in developed countries, from rheumatic heart disease to a degenerative calcific pathogenesis. Although a familial component has been described for a subset of cases with a bicuspid valve, data are limited on the overall familial aggregation of this disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Contemporary information on 6 117 263 Swedish siblings, of which 13 442 had a clinical diagnosis of AS, was collected from the nationwide Swedish Multi-Generation Register and the National Patient Register...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242071/impact-of-acute-postoperative-limb-ischemia-after-cardiac-and-thoracic-aortic-surgery
#7
Ian W Folkert, Paul J Foley, Grace J Wang, Benjamin M Jackson, Joseph E Bavaria, Nimesh D Desai, Ronald M Fairman, Scott M Damrauer
OBJECTIVE: Acute limb ischemia (ALI) is the cause of significant morbidity and mortality. Although ALI after cardiac surgery is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality, there are no robust, controlled analyses of the risk factors and outcomes of ALI in this setting. We aimed to identify risk factors for and to delineate outcomes after ALI in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of prospectively collected data on patients undergoing cardiac surgery at our institution between 2002 and 2012...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242070/anesthetic-type-and-hospital-outcomes-after-carotid-endarterectomy-from-the-vascular-quality-initiative-database
#8
Hanaa Dakour Aridi, Nawar Paracha, Besma Nejim, Satinderjit Locham, Mahmoud B Malas
OBJECTIVE: Studies on the safety of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) under different anesthetic techniques are sometimes contradictory. The aim of this study was to compare real-world outcomes of CEA under general anesthesia (GA) vs regional or local anesthesia (RA/LA). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the Vascular Quality Initiative database (2003-2017) was performed. Primary outcomes included perioperative stroke, death, and myocardial infarction (MI) occurring during the hospital stay...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242060/higher-programmatic-volume-in-neonatal-heart-surgery-is-associated-with-lower-early-mortality
#9
Andrzej Kansy, Christine Zu Eulenburg, Georgios Sarris, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Jose Fragata, Zdzislaw Tobota, Tjark Ebels, Bohdan Maruszewski
BACKGROUND: The early results of Congenital Heart Surgery in neonates remain a challenge. We sought to determine the nature of the association between annual center volume of neonatal cardiac surgery and operative mortality using a multicenter cohort. METHODS: The dataset consists of 27,556 neonatal procedures performed between 1999 through 2015 in 90 centers participating in the ECHSA Database. Centers with mean annual volume load 6 or more that submitted data for at least 3 consecutive years were included...
December 11, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241969/relation-of-ectopic-fat-with-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-risk-score-in-south-asians-living-in-the-united-states-from-the-mediators-of-atherosclerosis-in-south-asians-living-in-america-masala-study
#10
Morgana Mongraw-Chaffin, Unjali P Gujral, Alka M Kanaya, Namratha R Kandula, John Jeffrey Carr, Cheryl A M Anderson
Few studies have investigated the association between ectopic fat from different depots and cardiovascular risk scores and their components in the same population, and none have investigated these relations in South Asians. In a cross-sectional analysis of 796 participants in the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) study who had measurements of visceral, subcutaneous, pericardial, hepatic, and intermuscular fat from abdominal and cardiac computed tomography scans, we used linear regression to determine the associations of 1 standard deviation difference in each ectopic fat depot with pooled cohort risk score and its components...
October 31, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241718/ses-heart-failure-and-n-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#11
Priya Vart, Kunihiro Matsushita, Andreea M Rawlings, Elizabeth Selvin, Deidra C Crews, Chiadi E Ndumele, Christie M Ballantyne, Gerardo Heiss, Anna Kucharska-Newton, Moyses Szklo, Josef Coresh
INTRODUCTION: Compared with coronary heart disease and stroke, the association between SES and the risk of heart failure is less well understood. METHODS: In 12,646 participants of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study cohort free of heart failure history at baseline (1987-1989), the association of income, educational attainment, and area deprivation index with subsequent heart failure-related hospitalization or death was examined while accounting for cardiovascular disease risk factors and healthcare access...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240566/a-practical-clinical-approach-to-utilize-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-in-the-evaluation-and-management-of-coronary-artery-disease-a-primer-for-cardiologists
#12
Sundeep Chaudhry, Ross Arena, Deepak L Bhatt, Subodh Verma, Naresh Kumar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is growing clinical interest for the use of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to evaluate patients with or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). With mounting evidence, this concise review with relevant teaching cases helps to illustrate how to integrate CPET data into real world patient care. RECENT FINDINGS: CPET provides a novel and purely physiological basis to identify cardiac dysfunction in symptomatic patients with both obstructive-CAD and nonobstructive-CAD (NO-CAD)...
December 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240471/nurse-led-clinics-for-atrial-fibrillation-managing-risk-factors
#13
Liril Jacob
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common and sustained cardiac arrhythmia rated by cardiologists as one of the most difficult conditions to manage. Traditionally, AF management has focused on the three pillars of rate control, rhythm control and anticoagulation. However, more recently, cardiovascular risk-factor management in AF has emerged as a fourth and essential pillar, delivering improved patient outcomes. In the UK, AF is a condition that is often managed poorly, with patients reporting a lack of understanding of their condition and treatment options...
December 14, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239978/picu-length-of-stay-factors-associated-with-bed-utilization-and-development-of-a-benchmarking-model
#14
Murray M Pollack, Richard Holubkov, Ron Reeder, J Michael Dean, Kathleen L Meert, Robert A Berg, Christopher J L Newth, John T Berger, Rick E Harrison, Joseph Carcillo, Heidi Dalton, David L Wessel, Tammara L Jenkins, Robert Tamburro
OBJECTIVES: ICU length of stay is an important measure of resource use and economic performance. Our primary aims were to characterize the utilization of PICU beds and to develop a new model for PICU length of stay. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. The main outcomes were factors associated with PICU length of stay and the performance of a regression model for length of stay. SETTING: Eight PICUs. PATIENTS: Randomly selected patients (newborn to 18 yr) from eight PICUs were enrolled from December 4, 2011, to April 7, 2013...
December 12, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239886/acute-coronary-artery-dissection-a-review-of-the-literature-and-current-evidence
#15
Syed Raza Shah, Richard Alweis
Acute coronary artery dissection is a rare, complex disease occurring particularly in young women without traditional cardiovascular risk factors. The pathophysiology and treatment are different from acute coronary syndrome caused by plaque rupture or erosion. Its clinical presentation may vary from unstable angina to sudden cardiac death. Hence, early detection is crucial to manage the dissection and reduce the mortality and morbidity rates. Most coronary dissections will heal spontaneously, and conservative treatment is recommended for uncomplicated cases...
December 12, 2017: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239466/rupture-of-the-myocardium-in-autopsied-mi-hearts
#16
Valesca Bizinoto Monteiro, Bianca Gonçalves Silva Torquato, Guilherme Ribeiro Juliano, Bárbara Cecílio da Fonseca, Flávia Aparecida de Oliveira, Daniel Ferreira da Cunha, Camila Lourencini Cavellani, Luciano Alves Matias da Silveira, Mara Lúcia da Fonseca Ferraz, Vicente de Paula Antunes Teixeira, Edson Luiz Fernandes
Although myocardial rupture occurs in only 2% to 4% of cases of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), there is a high mortality rate due to acute cardiogenic shock. We present the anatomopathological findings of three cases of myocardial rupture in autopsied hearts in the last 30 years, with a diagnosis of cardiac rupture in acute myocardial infarction. In these 30 years the percentage of AMI with myocardial rupture was 0.2%. Risk factors for post-AMI myocardial rupture include older age, atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus and systemic arterial hypertension...
September 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238981/incidence-risk-factors-and-outcome-of-transfusion-associated-circulatory-overload-in-a-mixed-intensive-care-unit-population-a-nested-case-control-study
#17
Joachim J Bosboom, Robert B Klanderman, Maarten Zijp, Markus W Hollmann, Denise P Veelo, Jan M Binnekade, Bart F Geerts, Alexander P J Vlaar
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine the incidence, risk factors, and outcome of transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO) in a cohort of mixed intensive care unit patients and to compare risk factors with those for cardiac overload in the absence of transfusion. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, patients who developed TACO were compared using multivariate analysis of two control groups: patients without pulmonary deterioration who received transfusion and patients who developed circulatory overload in the absence of transfusion...
December 13, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238634/asa-classification-as-a-risk-stratification-tool-in-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery-a-study-of-5805-patients
#18
Sulaiman Somani, John Di Capua, Jun S Kim, Kevin Phan, Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Joung-Heon Kim, James Dowdell, Samuel K Cho
Study Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. Objectives: Adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery is a highly complex procedure that has high complication rates. Risk stratification tools can improve patient management and may lower complication rates and associated costs. The goal of this study was to identify the independent association between American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class and postoperative outcomes following ASD surgery...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237959/cardiotoxicity-associated-with-bortezomib-a-single-center-experience
#19
Murali Krishna Gurram, Swaroopa Pulivarthi, Kirsten Ehresmann, Josy Mathew
BACKGROUND: Studies evaluating the prevalence of cardiotoxicity associated with bortezomib are limited. We proposed this study to evaluate the prevalence of cardiotoxicity associated with bortezomib and its relation to multiple myeloma and other malignancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective, chart review study. Subjects who received bortezomib at the HealthEast care system for various oncologic conditions were evaluated after obtaining IRB approval...
October 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237675/gene-based-risk-stratification-for-cardiac-disorders-in-lmna-mutation-carriers
#20
Suguru Nishiuchi, Takeru Makiyama, Takeshi Aiba, Kenzaburo Nakajima, Sayako Hirose, Hirohiko Kohjitani, Yuta Yamamoto, Takeshi Harita, Mamoru Hayano, Yimin Wuriyanghai, Jiarong Chen, Kenichi Sasaki, Nobue Yagihara, Taisuke Ishikawa, Kenji Onoue, Nobuyuki Murakoshi, Ichiro Watanabe, Kimie Ohkubo, Hiroshi Watanabe, Seiko Ohno, Takahiro Doi, Satoshi Shizuta, Tohru Minamino, Yoshihiko Saito, Yasushi Oginosawa, Akihiko Nogami, Kazutaka Aonuma, Kengo Kusano, Naomasa Makita, Wataru Shimizu, Minoru Horie, Takeshi Kimura
BACKGROUND: Mutations in LMNA (lamin A/C), which encodes lamin A and C, typically cause age-dependent cardiac phenotypes, including dilated cardiomyopathy, cardiac conduction disturbance, atrial fibrillation, and malignant ventricular arrhythmias. Although the type of LMNA mutations have been reported to be associated with susceptibility to malignant ventricular arrhythmias, the gene-based risk stratification for cardiac complications remains unexplored. METHODS AND RESULTS: The multicenter cohort included 77 LMNA mutation carriers from 45 families; cardiac disorders were retrospectively analyzed...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
keyword
keyword
79098
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"