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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913973/emergence-of-new-virulent-rabbit-hemorrhagic-disease-virus-strains-in-saudi-arabia
#1
Mahmoud M Ismail, Mahmoud H A Mohamed, Ibrahim M El-Sabagh, Mohamed A Al-Hammadi
Rabbit hemorrhagic disease is an acute fatal highly contagious viral infectious disease that causes high losses among rabbitries. The disease was first reported in China in 1984 and later on in Saudi Arabia in 1996. The aim of this study was to investigate the emergence and pathogenicity of new rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) strains in Saudi Arabia. The pathogenicity was confirmed by inoculation in susceptible rabbits. Three RHDV strains were detected by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using primers targeting VP60 capsid protein gene in infected rabbitries during 2012 and 2013...
December 2, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913970/radiological-and-biochemical-effects-ctx-ii-mmp-3-8-and-13-of-low-level-laser-therapy-lllt-in-chronic-osteoarthritis-in-al-kharj-saudi-arabia
#2
Gopal Nambi S, Walid Kamal, Julie George, Elbagir Manssor
Inflammation of synovial membrane and degeneration of articular cartilage in osteoarthritis (OA) lead to major changes in joint space width (JSW) and biochemical components such as collagen-II telopeptide (CTX-II) and matrix metallo protineases (MMP-3, 8, and 13). Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is thought to have an analgesic effect as well as biomodulatory effect on microcirculation and cartilage regeneration in animal studies. The objective of this study was to examine the analgesic and biochemical effect of LLLT in patients with knee osteoarthritis...
December 3, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912917/isolation-and-characterization-of-pah-degrading-bacteria-from-the-eastern-province-saudi-arabia
#3
Tajudeen A Oyehan, Assad A Al-Thukair
Contaminated sediment samples were collected from the Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia for isolation of pyrene- and phenanthrene-degrading bacteria by enrichment method. Four isolates were morphologically characterized as Gram-negative rod strains and 16S rRNA sequence analysis revealed the isolates as closely related to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, P. citronellolis, Ochrobactrum intermedium and Cupriavidus taiwanensis. Degradation of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by the latter three strains was investigated in liquid cultures...
November 29, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911983/fibrin-glue-versus-sutures-for-conjunctival-autografting-in-primary-pterygium-surgery
#4
REVIEW
Vito Romano, Mario Cruciani, Luigi Conti, Luigi Fontana
BACKGROUND: Pterygium, a growth of the conjunctiva over the cornea, is a progressive disease leading in advanced stages to visual impairment, restriction of ocular motility, chronic inflammation and cosmetic concerns. Surgical removal is the treatment of choice, but recurrence can be a problem. Currently the best surgical option in terms of recurrence is conjunctival autograft. To date the most common surgical methods of attaching conjunctival autografts to the sclera are through suturing or fibrin glue...
December 2, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907981/use-of-social-media-in-education-among-medical-students-in-saudi-arabia
#5
Anas Khaleel Alsuraihi, Ahmed Saeed Almaqati, Sultan Adnan Abughanim, Nisreen Abdulrahman Jastaniah
PURPOSE: Social media (SM), a virtual place where people can share, exchange, and communicate their ideas and knowledge, has become the new trend in communication and learning. This study aims to explore Saudi Arabian medical students' usage of SM and to discover the most common resources used in medical education. Furthermore, it aims to illustrate students' belief about the influence of SM on their learning. METHODS: This cross-sectional study administered validated questionnaires to medical students from different universities in Saudi Arabia, via emails, Twitter, Facebook, and short message service...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906795/factors-determining-the-outcome-of-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-patients-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-at-king-faisal-specialist-hospital-and-research-center-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#6
Suleimman Al-Sweedan, Amal Al-Seraihy, Ali Al-Ahmari, Abdullah Al-Jefri, Viqaruddin Mohammed, Rafat Jafri, Khawar Siddiqui, Mouhab Ayas
Medical records of 82 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who underwent hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) at our institution from 2005 to 2011 were reviewed. Forty-five patients were male (54.8%). The median age at HCT was 7.46 years (range, 0.98 to 14.31 y), the median time to HCT after diagnosis was 12.56 months. Ten patients were below the age of 1 year (12%). All patients were in complete remission at the time of HCT. In 83 transplants, 64 patients received HCT from human leukocyte antigen-identical-related donors and 19 from other donors...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905957/factors-associated-with-no-shows-and-rescheduling-mri-appointments
#7
Majeed O AlRowaili, Anwar E Ahmed, Hasan A Areabi
BACKGROUND: One of the major challenges facing global radiology services comes from delays connected to long waiting lists for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedures. Such delays in diagnostic procedures could lead to poorer patient care outcomes. This study intended to estimate the rate of "No-Shows" or "Reschedule" MRI appointments. We also investigated the factors correlating No-Shows and Reschedule MRI appointments. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Saudi Arabia using data obtained via MRI schedule reviews and self-administrated questionnaires...
December 1, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901465/livestock-susceptibility-to-infection-with-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus
#8
Júlia Vergara-Alert, Judith M A van den Brand, W Widagdo, Marta Muñoz, Stalin Raj, Debby Schipper, David Solanes, Ivan Cordón, Albert Bensaid, Bart L Haagmans, Joaquim Segalés
Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) cases continue to be reported, predominantly in Saudi Arabia and occasionally other countries. Although dromedaries are the main reservoir, other animal species might be susceptible to MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection and potentially serve as reservoirs. To determine whether other animals are potential reservoirs, we inoculated MERS-CoV into llamas, pigs, sheep, and horses and collected nasal and rectal swab samples at various times. The presence of MERS-CoV in the nose of pigs and llamas was confirmed by PCR, titration of infectious virus, immunohistochemistry, and in situ hybridization; seroconversion was detected in animals of both species...
February 15, 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896902/substantial-reduction-in-hospital-stay-of-children-and-adolescents-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis-after-implementation-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-a-university-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#9
Abdulrahman Al Nemri, Yasser Sami Amer, Hala Gasim, Mohamed Elfaki Osman, Ayman Aleyadhy, Hessah Al Otaibi, Shaikh Mohammed Iqbal, Nasir Abdullah Aljurayyan, Asaad M Assiri, Amir Babiker, Sarar Mohamed
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the effect of Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) implementation on length of hospital stay of children and adolescents with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). METHODS: This was a 6-year (2008-2014) case-control retrospective study conducted at King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, that compared patients with DKA managed using CPG with those treated before CPG implementation. RESULTS: There were 63 episodes of DKA in 41 patients managed using CPG compared with 40 episodes in 33 patients treated before implementation of CPG...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894743/transfer-factors-for-natural-radioactivity-into-date-palm-pits
#10
Mohammad Abu Shayeb, Thamer Alharbi, Muzahir Ali Baloch, Omar Abdul Rahman Alsamhan
Palm pits are used in various human and animal feed products. In this study, the natural radioactivity levels from soil and date palm pits of 9 samples collected from major date palm farms in three different regions (Buraidah, Al-Zulfi and Al-Majmaah) of Saudi Arabia were determined by using the high purity germanium (HPGe) gamma-ray spectrometer. The mean activity concentrations of (226)Ra, (232)Th, (137)Cs and (40)K in soil samples were 12.8 ± 2.2, 10.2 ± 2.1, 0.28 ± 0.10 and 329 ± 87 Bg kg(-1), respectively...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893209/determination-of-metal-levels-in-shamma-smokeless-tobacco-with-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry-icp-ms-in-najran-saudi-arabia
#11
Eid Ibrahim Brima
Objective: The use of Shamma (smokeless tobacco) by certain groups is giving rise to health problems, including cancer, in parts of Saudi Arabia. Our objective was to determine metals levels in Shamma using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Methods: Thirty-three samples of Shamma (smokeless tobacco) were collected, comprising four types: brown Shamma (n = 14.0), red Shamma (n = 9.0), white Shamma (n = 4.0), and yellow Shamma (n = 6.0). All samples were collected randomly from Shamma users in the city of Najran...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891464/awareness-of-eco-friendly-dentistry-among-dental-faculty-and-students-of-king-khalid-university-saudi-arabia
#12
Mohammed A Al-Qarni, Nasim Vahid Shakeela, Mohammed Abdullah Alamri, Yahya A Alshaikh
INTRODUCTION: Eco-friendly or green dentistry can be a reality by effectively designing dental clinics and using more eco-friendly materials in the clinical practice. AIM: To determine the awareness of eco-friendly dentistry among dental faculty and students in preparation for future implementation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Assessment of knowledge regarding eco-friendly dentistry was done using an 18 item self-administered questionnaire among 160 participants...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885941/gstt1-rs4025935-null-genotype-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-sickle-cell-disease-in-the-populations-of-tabuk-northwestern-region-of-saudi-arabia
#13
Faisel Abu-Duhier, Rashid Mir
BACKGROUND: Glutathione system plays an important role in the protection of cells and tissue against damage from oxidative stress. Impairment of the glutathione system due to genetic polymorphism of GST genes may increase the risk and severity of sickle cell disease (SCD). Present study was, therefore, undertaken to examine the relative impact of the genetic polymorphism of GSTT1 and GSTM1 (rs4025935 and rs71748309) on susceptibility and hematological aspects of the patients with SCD...
November 25, 2016: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882000/study-on-risk-factors-predisposing-factors-for-poor-diabetes-control-during-hajj-1436-2015-in-people-with-diabetes
#14
Gulshad Hasan, Hanan Moabber, Arwa Alyamani, Ahmed Sayeed, Faisal Altatar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Each year millions of Muslims perform pilgrimage to Makkah, Saudi Arabia. It is particularly stressful during the peak five days, when all rituals have to be performed at specific periods of time at different sites. Poor diabetes control in people with diabetes predisposes to morbidity and increases risk of acute complications. We wanted to see how well their blood glucose control was before coming to Hajj and whether they were aware, about self management of Diabetes and what were reasons for hospital admissions...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876972/prevalence-and-seasonal-variation-of-ectoparasites-in-cultured-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-in-saudi-arabia
#15
El Amin M Suliman, Ahmed H Al-Harbi
The prevalence, mean intensity and abundance of ectoparasites (monogeneans and trichodinids) from Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus were investigated during different seasons of two consecutive years, from January 2011 to December 2012. A total of 360 O. niloticus was collected from three fish farms located in the central region of Saudi Arabia. Prevalence, mean intensity and mean abundance of monogeneans on fish gills were found to be significantly (p < 0.01) higher in farm(C) (81.67, 495.23, 405.84 %) than farm (A) (7...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874163/family-profile-of-victims-of-child-abuse-and-neglect-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#16
Ghulam Nabi, Maha A Almuneef
[No Abstract Available].
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874160/microvascular-and-macrovascular-complications-of-type-2-diabetic-mellitus-in-central-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#17
Aboud F Alaboud, Ayla M Tourkmani, Turki J Alharbi, Aljoharah H Alobikan, Osama Abdelhay, Saad M Al Batal, Hesham I Alkashan, Umar Y Mohammed
To determine the prevalence of macrovascular and microvascular complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus and its associated determinants.  Methods: We evaluated the online medical records of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who have been seen in chronic disease unit between April and June 2014. Seven hundred and forty-eight participants satisfied the inclusion criteria. Of these, 317 (42.4%) were males with a mean age of 57.9 years, 681 (64.3%) were obese with body mass index (BMI) of greater than 30, while only 9...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874159/evaluation-of-genexpert-mtb-rif-for-detection-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-complex-and-rpo-b-gene-in-respiratory-and-non-respiratory-clinical-specimens-at-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Ali M Somily, Mazin A Barry, Hanan A Habib, Fawzia E Alotaibi, Fahad A Al-Zamil, Mohammed A Khan, Mohammed S Sarwar, Nawab D Bakhash, Abdulkarim A Alrabiaah, Zahid A Shakoor, Abiola C Senok
To assess the performance of Xpert MTB/RIF, an automated molecular test for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) and resistance to rifampin (RIF), against smear microscopy and culture method for diagnosis of MTB infection. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of 103 respiratory and 137 non-respiratory patient specimens suspected of tuberculosis at King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia performed between April 2014 and March 2015. Each sample underwent smear microscopy, mycobacterial culture, and GeneXpert MTB/RIF test...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874156/prevalence-of-obesity-in-elementary-school-children-and-its-association-with-dental-caries
#19
Deema J Farsi, Heba M Elkhodary, Leena A Merdad, Najat M A Farsi, Sumer M Alaki, Najlaa M Alamoudi, Haneen A Bakhaidar, Mohammed A Alolayyan
To investigate the prevalence of obesity among elementary school children and to examine the association between obesity and caries activity in the mixed dentition stage. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between September 2014 and June 2015 using a multi-stage stratified sample of 915 elementary school children (482 boys, 433 girls) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Anthropometric measurements, consisting of height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC), were obtained...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874154/characterizing-sleeping-habits-and-disturbances-among-saudi-adults
#20
Mohamad Al-Tannir, Samer Y Kobrosly, Ahmad H Al-Badr, Nourhan A Salloum, Youssef M Altannir
To characterize sleeping habits, assess sleep disturbance prevalence, and identify associated factors among Saudi adults.  Methods: A total of 1720 adults were approached for this observational cross-sectional study between October 2014 and March 2015. The study took place in Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia. We used a questionnaire to describe sleeping characteristics in relation to existing chronic diseases, smoking status, obesity, daily performance and sociodemographic variables. Results: The response rate was 79...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
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