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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934322/comparative-metagenomics-approaches-to-characterize-the-soil-fungal-communities-of-western-coastal-region-saudi-arabia
#1
Tarek A A Moussa, Hassan S Al-Zahrani, Omar A Almaghrabi, Tamer S Abdelmoneim, Michael P Fuller
A total of 145007 reads were obtained from pyrosequencing for all the 4 samples. The total count ranged from 11,301,014 (Mecca old road) to 23,503,512 bp (Thuwal). A total of 460 fungal species belonging to 133 genera, 58 families, 33 orders, 13 classes and 4 phyla was identified across the four sites. The most abundant phylum at all four sites was Ascomycota followed by Basidiomycota. Four phyla (Ascomycota-99.31%, Basidiomycota-0.59%, Chytridiomycota-0.04%, Glomeromycota-0.03%) were detected in Khulais. Except for Glomeromycota, all phyla were detected at Mecca old road (Ascomycota-74...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933596/recognizing-child-maltreatment-an-emerging-focus-of-awareness-in-saudi-arabia
#2
Bassma Brnawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933057/healthcare-finance-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-a-qualitative-study-of-householders-attitudes
#3
Mohammed Khaled Al-Hanawi, Omar Alsharqi, Saja Almazrou, Kirit Vaidya
BACKGROUND: The public sector healthcare system in Saudi Arabia, essentially financed by oil revenues and 'free at the point of delivery', is coming under increasing strain due to escalating expenditure and an increasingly volatile oil market and is likely to be unsustainable in the medium to long term. OBJECTIVES: This study examines how satisfied the Saudi people are with their public sector healthcare services and assesses their willingness to contribute to financing the system through a national health insurance scheme...
September 20, 2017: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932746/isolation-identification-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-bacteria-associated-with-waterpipe-contaminants-in-selected-area-of-saudi-arabia
#4
Mohammed Alaidarous, Meshal Alanazi, Ahmed Abdel-Hadi
This study highlights the level of microbial contamination of waterpipe components in selected area of Saudi Arabia and the resistance of selected bacteria to different antibiotics was determined. A series of biochemical tests, microscopic examination, and screening on Vitek 2 compact (bioMérieux Inc., USA) system were done to characterize the bacterial isolates. Out of 132 samples investigated, 7 mouthpiece samples and 48 water bowl samples showed positivity on culture. The percentage of contamination rate was higher in water bowl (69...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932299/the-outcome-of-assisted-reproductive-techniques-among-couples-with-male-factors-at-prince-khalid-bin-sultan-fertility-centre-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#5
Hytham Bahaeldin Mukhtar, Amani Shaman, Hyder Osman Mirghani, Ayman Adnan Almasalmah
BACKGROUND: Thirty-three percent of infertility due to paternal factors, there are an increasing proportion of couples who decide to conceive by assisted reproductive techniques (ART). The outcome prediction is pivotal for decision making. AIM: We aimed to study the pregnancy outcomes of different ART with male factors infertility. METHODS: This is retrospective cross-sectional study conducted at Tabuk, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. One hundred fifteen patients' records reviewed using a structured checklist to collect demographic data, sperm (concentration, motility, and morphology)...
August 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932163/preparedness-of-dammam-primary-health-care-centers-to-deal-with-emergency-cases
#6
Sanaa S M Alsaad, Salma H S Abu-Grain, Dalia Y M El-Kheir
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to assess the availability of human and nonhuman resources for emergency medical services (EMSs) at the primary health care (PHC) level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study with mixed research methods (quantitative and qualitative) was carried out in governmental PHC centers in Dammam, Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia, between September 2014 and January 2015. Using systematic random sampling technique, 13 out of 26 PHC centers were included in the study...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932162/are-nurses-verbally-abused-a-cross-sectional-study-of-nurses-at-a-university-hospital-eastern-province-saudi-arabia
#7
Nouf A Al-Shamlan, Nithya Jayaseeli, Moneera M Al-Shawi, Abdullah S Al-Joudi
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence against health-care workers is a significant problem worldwide. Nurses are at a higher risk of exposure to violence. Studies available in Saudi Arabia are few. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of verbal abuse of nurses at King Fahd Hospital of the University (KFHU) in Khobar, Saudi Arabia, and to identify consequences and the demographic and work-related characteristics associated with it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study of 391 nurses by total sample was conducted between November and December 2015, using a modified self-administered questionnaire developed by the World Health Organization...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932161/the-efficacy-of-a-diabetic-educational-program-and-predictors-of-compliance-of-patients-with-noninsulin-dependent-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-al-khobar-saudi-arabia
#8
Fatma M Mokabel, Shadia F Aboulazm, Hanan E Hassan, Mona F Al-Qahtani, Seham F Alrashedi, Fatma A Zainuddin
BACKGROUND: The concept of detection and management of diabetes mellitus at primary health-care centers is justified and widely practised in Saudi Arabia. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of diabetic educational programs for noninsulin-dependent (type 2) diabetes mellitus patients, and to determine the predictors of compliance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A longitudinal experimental research design was adopted for this study and conducted at the diabetic outpatient clinic of King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al Khobar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932160/family-medicine-practice-in-saudi-arabia-the-current-situation-and-proposed-strategic-directions-plan-2020
#9
Yahia M Al-Khaldi, Essam A Al-Ghamdi, Tariq I Al-Mogbil, Hesham I Al-Khashan
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess the current situation of the teaching and training of undergraduate and postgraduate programs in family medicine in KSA, assess the current practice of family medicine, and draw a roadmap to achieve Saudi vision 2020. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted with the support and collaboration of the Primary Health Care Department of the Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia, and World Health Organization (EMRO) in November 2015...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932159/the-use-of-performance-enhancing-substances-doping-by-athletes-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Mohammed Al Ghobain
BACKGROUND: Data on doping violation in Saudi Arabia are scarce. Our aim was to investigate the Saudi experience of anti-doping and review all positive samples and adverse analytical findings (AAFs) of Saudi athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study analyzed databases of the Saudi Arabian Anti-Doping Committee from 2008 to May 2016. The samples originated from various sporting events and were collected in and outside sport competitions. The substances investigated were those included in the annual lists of prohibited substances produced by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA)...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932158/the-burden-perceived-by-informal-caregivers-of-the-elderly-in-saudi-arabia
#11
Sulaiman A Alshammari, Abdullah A Alzahrani, Khaled A Alabduljabbar, Abdulaziz A Aldaghri, Yazeed A Alhusainy, Mohammed A Khan, Rakan A Alshuwaier, Ismail N Kariz
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to discover the characteristics of informal caregivers of elderly patients; to determine the socioeconomic, psychological, and physical consequences facing informal caregivers; and to measure their burdens and needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional survey of informal caregivers of elderly patients. Participants were recruited from different hospitals and primary care clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931698/let-us-listen-to-patients-underutilization-of-peritoneal-dialysis-from-patients-perspectives
#12
Randah A Dahlan, Abdulkareem O Alsuwaida, Mai S Farrash, Mohammad A Qureshi, Fayez Hejaili, Abdullah A Al Sayyari
Despite the fact that many of the medical outcome data of peritoneal dialysis (PD) have been improving over the past few years, PD remains an underutilized modality in many countries worldwide. Most nephrologists in those countries report a high rate of patients' refusal. We conducted this survey-based study to determine the obstacles behind underutilization of PD in Saudi Arabia from patients' perspectives and to understand the reasons for their refusal. Nine-hundred and twenty hemodialysis (HD) patients, who had never been on PD before, participated in this study...
September 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930028/mycobacterium-riyadhense-in-saudi-arabia
#13
Bright Varghese, Mushirah Abdulaziz Enani, Sahar Althawadi, Sameera Johani, Grace Mary Fernandez, Hawra Al-Ghafli, Sahal Al-Hajoj
We explored in detail the nationwide existence of Mycobacterium riyadhense in Saudi Arabia. In 18 months, 12 new cases of M. riyadhense infection were observed, predominantly among Saudi nationals, as a cause of pulmonary disease. M. riyadhense may be emerging as a more common pathogen in Saudi Arabia.
October 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930004/enteric-infections-circulating-during-hajj-seasons-2011-2013
#14
Moataz Abd El Ghany, Mona Alsomali, Malak Almasri, Eriko Padron Regalado, Raeece Naeem, AbdulHafeez Tukestani, Abdullah Asiri, Grant A Hill-Cawthorne, Arnab Pain, Ziad A Memish
Hajj, the annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, is a unique mass gathering event that raises public health concerns in the host country and globally. Although gastroenteritis and diarrhea are common among Hajj pilgrims, the microbial etiologies of these infections are unknown. We collected 544 fecal samples from pilgrims with medically attended diarrheal illness from 40 countries during the 2011-2013 Hajj seasons and screened the samples for 16 pathogens commonly associated with diarrheal infections...
October 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929582/the-effectiveness-of-a-psychoeducation-intervention-delivered-via-whatsapp-for-mothers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
A Hemdi, D Daley
BACKGROUND: Mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) report high levels of stress and lower levels of well-being than parents of typically developing children. Current interventions for ASD typically focus on working with the child rather than delivering strategies to help support parents. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a psychoeducation intervention developed to support mothers of children with ASD in Saudi Arabia. METHOD: Sixty-two mothers (23-52 years) of children (26-78 months) were recruited to a multisite randomized controlled trials of the intervention...
September 20, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928656/date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-fruits-as-a-potential-cardioprotective-agent-the-role-of-circulating-progenitor-cells
#16
Ibrahim A Alhaider, Maged E Mohamed, K K M Ahmed, Arun H S Kumar
Context: Date palms, along with their fruits' dietary consumption, possess enormous medicinal and pharmacological activities manifested in their usage in a variety of ailments in the various traditional systems of medicine. In recent years, the identification of progenitor cells in the adult organ systems has opened an altogether new approach to therapeutics, due to the ability of these cells to repair the damaged cells/tissues. Hence, the concept of developing therapeutics, which can mobilize endogenous progenitor cells, following tissue injury, to enhance tissue repair process is clinically relevant...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928433/measuring-the-role-of-seagrasses-in-regulating-sediment-surface-elevation
#17
Maria Potouroglou, James C Bull, Ken W Krauss, Hilary A Kennedy, Marco Fusi, Daniele Daffonchio, Mwita M Mangora, Michael N Githaiga, Karen Diele, Mark Huxham
Seagrass meadows provide numerous ecosystem services and their rapid global loss may reduce human welfare as well as ecological integrity. In common with the other 'blue carbon' habitats (mangroves and tidal marshes) seagrasses are thought to provide coastal defence and encourage sediment stabilisation and surface elevation. A sophisticated understanding of sediment elevation dynamics in mangroves and tidal marshes has been gained by monitoring a wide range of different sites, located in varying hydrogeomorphological conditions over long periods...
September 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927391/grand-multiparity-and-the-possible-risk-of-adverse-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-a-dilemma-to-be-deciphered
#18
Ghadeer K Al-Shaikh, Gehan H Ibrahim, Amel A Fayed, Hazem Al-Mandeel
BACKGROUND: The relation between grand multiparity (GMP) and the possible adverse pregnancy outcomes is not well identified. GMP (parity ≥5 births) frequently occurs in the Arab nations; therefore, this study aimed to identify the correlation between GMP and the different adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in the Saudi population. METHOD: This cohort study was conducted on a total of 3327 women from the labour ward in King Khaled University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
September 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924280/antibiotics-use-and-misuse-in-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-patients-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-analysis-in-university-hospital-saudi-arabia
#19
Waseem Hajjar, Sami Alnassar, Sara Al-Khelb, Sarah Al-Mutairi, Norah Al-Refayi, Sultan Ayoub Meo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the awareness and causes of antibiotics use and misuse in patients with upper respiratory tract infections. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from January 2014 to December 2015, and comprised patients suffering from upper respiratory tract infections. A well-established, self-administrated questionnaire was randomly distributed to the patients. The questionnaire consisted of 3 parts: demographic variables, knowledge, and beliefs, and behaviour towards antibiotic use and misuse...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923110/development-of-an-arabic-inpatient-satisfaction-survey-application-in-acute-medical-rehabilitation-setting-in-saudi-arabia
#20
Ahmed Aboabat, Hazem Qannam
BACKGROUND: In the management of chronic disease, evidence suggests that satisfied patients exhibit more loyalty to treatment providers and greater adherence to treatment regimens. This is particularly so in the rehabilitation setting. We aimed to develop a reliable and valid Arabic-language survey to objectively measure inpatient satisfaction in medical rehabilitation settings in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The King Fahad Medical City Rehabilitation Hospital Patient Satisfaction Survey (RH PSS) is a self-administered survey that addresses four domains of rehabilitation care: access, structure, process, and outcomes...
September 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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