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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164002/biological-therapy-in-arthritis-patients-with-hepatitis-b-or-c-infection-a-multicenter-retrospective-case-series
#1
Sultana Abdulaziz, Hussein Halabi, Mohammed A Omair, Suzan Attar, Abdullah Alghamdi, Mohammed Shabrawishi, Abdulwahab Neyazi, Haneen Alnazzawi, Nuha Meraiani, Hani Almoallim
Objective: Reactivation of viral hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) has been reported in various case reports of patients with arthritis on biological therapy. The objective of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of arthritis patients with HBV or HCV treated with biological therapy. Material and Methods: This is a retrospective case series including all patients above 13 years of age with arthritis patients from four centers in Saudi Arabia with concurrent chronic viral hepatitis infection (HBV or HCV) who received biological agents in the rheumatology clinics during their course of their disease from duration of the disease onset until last outpatient visit up to November 2015...
September 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163734/risk-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-assessment-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-taif-saudi-arabia
#2
Reem Mohammed Noor Kalakattawi, Afnan Mohammed Noor Kalakattawi, Faisal Adel Alsuqati, Sultanh Abdullah Alzhrani, Abdulmohsen Hamad Alhamyani, Abdulaziz Hamad Alhamyani, Abrar Abdullah Al-Ghamdi, Ibtesam Mohammad Alosaimi, Salwa Ibrahim Abbas, Lojain AbdulAziz Al-Shehri, Abdulrahman Ahmad Alzahrani
Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common condition in middle-aged persons worldwide. The major factor risk of this disease is obesity. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed at King Abdul-Aziz Specialist Hospital. A STOP-BANG questionnaire formed of eight questions was used to assess the risk of OSA among type 2 diabetic patients. The scoring scale is categorized into three groups: low (0 - 2), intermediate (3 - 4) and high (5 - 8), respectively...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163730/association-between-dental-caries-and-body-mass-index-in-schoolchildren-aged-between-14-and-16-years-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#3
Ahmed Abdullah Alghamdi, Ahmed Almahdy
Background: Dental caries and obesity are multifactorial diseases that have common risk factors. Studies worldwide reported varied outcomes about the association between dental caries and obesity. There is no published study that investigates this association among schoolchildren in Arabic countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between dental caries (DMFT) and body mass index (BMI) for children aged between 14 and 16 years old in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The role of oral hygiene habits, parent's education, sugar consumption and physical activity in causing both diseases was also evaluated...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163322/second-language-interference-during-first-language-processing-by-arabic-english-bilinguals
#4
Tahani Alsaigh, Shelia M Kennison
The research investigated whether a bilinguals' second language (L2) is activated during a task involving only the first language (L1). We tested the hypothesis that the amount of L2 interference can vary across settings, with less interference occurring in testing locations where L2 is rarely used. In Experiment 1, we compared language processing for 50 Arabic-English bilinguals tested in Saudi Arabia and 49 Arabic-English tested in the United States. In the task, participants viewed a picture and judged whether a phoneme presented over headphones was part of the L1 picture name...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161675/a-comparison-of-two-digestion-methods-for-assessing-heavy-metals-level-in-urban-soils-influenced-by-mining-and-industrial-activities
#5
Khaled A M Alsaleh, Helmut Meuser, Adel R A Usman, Mohammad I Al-Wabel, Abdullah S Al-Farraj
A comparison between two digestion methods of hot plate Hossner (total-total) and USEPA method 3051 (total-recoverable) was carried out to suggest a proper method for determining nine heavy metals (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) content of three urban soils affected by mining (Mahd AD'Dahab) or industrial activities (Riyadh and Jubail) at Saudi Arabia. The results showed no significant differences between two digestion methods for Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn in soils affected by mining and for Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn in soils affected by industrial activities...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158909/first-complete-genome-sequence-of-circulating-dengue-virus-serotype-3-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#6
A M Hashem, S S Sohrab, S A El-Kafrawy, S A El-Ela, A M M Abd-Alla, S A Farraj, N A Othman, A M Hassan, M M El-Daly, R N Charrel, T A Madani, E I Azhar
Here we report the first full-length genome sequence of dengue virus serotype 3 (DENV-3) from a strain isolated from a patient in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, in 2014. The genome consists of 10 635 bp and shows close similarity to circulating genotype III isolates from Singapore, suggesting possible importation, most probably during religious pilgrimages to Saudi Arabia.
January 2018: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158767/screening-of-shox-gene-sequence-variants-in-saudi-arabian-children-with-idiopathic-short-stature
#7
Abdulla A Alharthi, Ehab I El-Hallous, Iman M Talaat, Hamed A Alghamdi, Matar I Almalki, Ahmed Gaber
Purpose: Short stature affects approximately 2%-3% of children, representing one of the most frequent disorders for which clinical attention is sought during childhood. Despite assumed genetic heterogeneity, mutations or deletions in the short stature homeobox-containing gene (SHOX) are frequently detected in subjects with short stature. Idiopathic short stature (ISS) refers to patients with short stature for various unknown reasons. The goal of this study was to screen all the exons of SHOX to identify related mutations...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158721/knowledge-of-community-pharmacists-about-the-risks-of-medication-use-during-pregnancy-in-central-region-of-saudi-arabia
#8
Ziyad Alrabiah, Mohamed N Al-Arifi, Sultan M Alghadeer, Syed Wajid, Ali AlQahtani, Naif Almotari, AbdAllh AlHwerani, Salmeen D Babelghaith
Background: Community pharmacists (CPs) are the most accessible health care provider to the public, and they have huge duties to improve medication use especially among the pregnant women in their community. The objective of this study was to evaluate knowledge of CPs about the medication safety during pregnancy. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional survey was carried out over practicing community pharmacists in a capital of Saudi Arabia (SA). Pharmacists were asked about the safety of each medicine during pregnancy...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158708/medication-safety-officer-preparatory-course-outcomes-and-experiences
#9
Hisham Aljadhey, Salma Alkhani, Tahir Mehmood Khan
Purpose: Few hospitals employ a medication safety officer. A medication safety officer preparatory course was planned using a structured curriculum to prepare pharmacists with the knowledge and skills to start medication safety officer activities. The current study aims to assess the outcome, as change in knowledge, of a hospital medication safety officer preparatory course. Methods: We conducted a three-day course in February 2011 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. It was developed to provide attendees with the essential knowledge and skills to become a medication safety officer...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158700/x-ray-crystallographic-and-validated-hptlc-analysis-of-the-biomarker-chromone-glucoside-schumanniofioside-a-isolated-from-acalypha-fruticosa-growing-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Areej M Al-Taweel, Ghada A Fawzy, Shagufta Perveen, Perwez Alam, Ali A El Gamal
A chromone glucoside 2-methyl-5,7-dihydroxychromone 5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (schumanniofioside A, compound 1) was isolated from the methanol extract of Acalypha fruticosa. The structure of compound 1 was fully assigned based on nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) ((1)H, (13)C and 2D) spectra and electrospray ionization mass spectrum (ESI-MS) in addition to X-ray Crystallography. The molecules were packed in the crystal structure by eight intermolecular O-H⋯O and C-H⋯O interactions. The structure of compound 1 belongs to monoclinic, P21, a = 9...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157248/implementation-and-use-of-standardized-outcome-measures-by-physical-therapists-in-saudi-arabia-barriers-facilitators-and-perceptions
#11
Tahani N Al-Muqiren, Einas S Al-Eisa, Ahmad H Alghadir, Shahnawaz Anwer
BACKGROUND: The use of standardized outcome measures (SOMs) has been recommended in the physical therapy practice guidelines to improve the patient's management and encourage the evidence based practice. However, the extent of the use of SOMs by physical therapists (PTs) in Saudi Arabia was not investigated. The present study aimed to (1) evaluate the extent of the use of SOMs by PTs in routine daily practice in Saudi Arabia; (2) explore the barriers, facilitators and perceptions in the use of SOMs during physical therapy services; (3) examine the relationship between facility settings and the PTs characteristics and the use of SOMs...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153646/waste-to-biodiesel-a-preliminary-assessment-for-saudi-arabia
#12
M Rehan, J Gardy, A Demirbas, U Rashid, W M Budzianowski, Deepak Pant, A S Nizami
This study presents a preliminary assessment of biodiesel production from waste sources available in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) for energy generation and solution for waste disposal issues. A case study was developed under three different scenarios: (S1) KSA population only in 2017, (S2) KSA population and pilgrims in 2017, and (S3) KSA population and pilgrims by 2030 using the fat fraction of the municipal solid waste. It was estimated that S1, S2, and S3 scenarios could produce around 1.08, 1.10 and 1...
November 10, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153444/retrospective-evaluation-of-piperacillin-tazobactam-imipenem-cilastatin-and-meropenem-used-on-surgical-floors-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#13
Eman Youssif, Mohammed Aseeri, Sahal Khoshhal
BACKGROUND: The appropriate use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, including appropriate de-escalation, is essential to reduce the emergence of antibiotic resistance. In surgical floors antibiotics are prescribed for prophylaxis (mostly, single dose), empirical treatment (started if infection is suspected till bacteria are identified with its sensitivity to antibiotics), or treatment of well-defined infection of previously isolated bacteria with its sensitivity to antibiotics. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics based on requests for cultures and de-escalation based on sensitivity results of culture tests at tertiary care hospital...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153052/palliative-care-issues-and-challenges-in-saudi-arabia-knowledge-assessment-among-nursing-students
#14
Omar Mohammad Khraisat, Mahmoud Hamdan, Mohannad Ghazzawwi
BACKGROUND: Nurses are the heart of the palliative care team who provide high standards of care since they spend the longest time with patients. However, lack of adequate knowledge of palliative care is considered as one of the main obstacles to palliative care improvement. AIM: A survey was conducted to assess Saudi nursing students' knowledge about palliative care. METHODS: Using a descriptive design, 154 students who enrolled in first year and who will graduate within 1 year were surveyed in a nursing college located in Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151993/antibiotic-based-phenotype-and-hospital-admission-profile-are-the-most-likely-predictors-of-genotyping-classification-of-mrsa
#15
Ali M Bazzi, Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq, Ali A Rabaan, Dianne Neal, Aimee Ferraro, Mahmoud M Fawarah
Background: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and financial burdens. Phenotyping methods are used to classify MRSA as either health care MRSA (HA-MRSA) or community-associated MRSA (CA-MRSA). Recent studies suggested the phenotyping methods are not always reliable, based on a lack of concordance with genotyping results. Objective: In this study, concordance of classification methods based on clinical characteristics or antibiotic susceptibility compared to the gold standard genotyping was assessed in the classification of MRSA...
2017: Open Microbiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150916/outbreak-investigation-and-molecular-diagnosis-of-lumpy-skin-disease-among-livestock-in-saudi-arabia-2016
#16
S Kasem, M Saleh, I Qasim, O Hashim, A Alkarar, A Abu-Obeida, A Gaafer, R Hussien, A Al-Sahaf, A Al-Doweriej, F Bayoumi, A Hodhood, M Abdelatif
Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a highly infectious disease of cattle caused by a virus of the Capripoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae. The disease is a major concern for the dairy industry in Saudi Arabia. In this study, an outbreak of LSD in cattle herds was detected in Saudi Arabia in 2016. LSD outbreak was investigated in five regions of Saudi Arabia: Al-Hassa, Al-Sharqia, Al-Qassim, Riyadh and Al-Taif during the period from April to July 2016. Tissues from skin nodules were collected to characterize the virus by a real-time polymerase chain reaction (rt-PCR)...
November 17, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149955/hemodialysis-patients-willingness-to-undergo-kidney-transplantation-an-observational-study
#17
H Alansari, A Almalki, L Sadagah, M Alharthi
BACKGROUND: The number of dialysis patients is increasing, with only 20% undergoing kidney transplantation. In Saudi Arabia, no studies had examined transplantation barriers from the patients' perspectives. We aimed in this study to estimate hemodialysis (HD) patients' willingness to undergo kidney transplantation and to explore its underlying determinants. METHODS: In an observational cross-sectional study involving adult HD patients from King Abdulaziz Medical City and King Abdullah Dialysis Center-Jeddah, patients were interviewed through a pre-tested questionnaire...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149859/medicinal-plants-used-by-women-in-mecca-urban-muslim-and-gendered-knowledge
#18
Afnan Alqethami, Julie A Hawkins, Irene Teixidor-Toneu
BACKGROUND: This study explores medicinal plant knowledge and use among Muslim women in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Ethnobotanical research in the region has focused on rural populations and male herbal healers in cities, and based on these few studies, it is suggested that medicinal plant knowledge may be eroding. Here, we document lay, female knowledge of medicinal plants in an urban centre, interpreting findings in the light of the growing field of urban ethnobotany and gendered knowledge and in an Islamic context...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146568/health-seeking-influence-reflected-by-online-health-related-messages-received-on-social-media-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Rahila Iftikhar, Bahaa Abaalkhail
BACKGROUND: Major social networking platforms, such as Facebook, WhatsApp, and Twitter, have become popular means through which people share health-related information, irrespective of whether messages disseminated through these channels are authentic. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the demographic characteristics of patients that may demonstrate their attitudes toward medical information shared on social media networks. Second, we address how information found through social media affects the way people deal with their health...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142762/analysis-of-cyp1b1-gene-mutations-in-patients-with-primary-congenital-glaucoma
#20
REVIEW
Leila Chouiter, Sellama Nadifi
Primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) is the most common type of infantile glaucoma, yet it remains a relatively rare disease, because the disease is often transmitted in an autosomal recessive pattern. However, PCG occurs up to 10 times more frequently in certain ethnic and geographical groups where consanguineous relationships are common. The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of mutations in the cytochrome P450 1B1 gene ( CYP1B1 ) in patients with PCG among different populations around the world from 2011 until May 2016...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
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