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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632943/habitat-coupling-writ-large-pelagic-derived-materials-fuel-benthivorous-macroalgal-reef-fishes-in-an-upwelling-zone
#1
Felipe Docmac, Miguel Araya, Ivan A Hinojosa, Cristina Dorador, Chris Harrod
Coastal marine upwelling famously supports elevated levels of pelagic biological production, but can also subsidise production in inshore habitats via pelagic-benthic coupling. Consumers inhabiting macroalgae-dominated rocky reef habitats are often considered to be members of a food web fuelled by energy derived from benthic primary production; conversely, they may also be subsidised by materials transported from pelagic habitats. Here, we used stable isotopes (δ(13) C, δ(15) N) to examine the relative contribution of pelagic and benthic materials to an ecologically and economically important benthivorous fish assemblage inhabiting subtidal macroalgae-dominated reefs along ~1000 km of the northern Chilean coast where coastal upwelling is active...
June 20, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613133/irvin-yalom-s-experiment-revisited-applying-robert-langs-s-listening-process-to-a-psychotherapy-classic
#2
Richard L Russell
In a case now famous for its unconventionality, Irvin Yalom had his financially strapped patient submit written reports of the experience of her therapy sessions rather than pay a monetary fee. He also wrote reports of each session, and the two of them shared royalties from the book, Every Day Gets a Little Closer, eventually produced. The arrangement yielded enough process detail to warrant examination through Robert Langs's method of listening and formulating. From that perspective, it seems Yalom did not understand the encoded messages from his patient in reaction to the frame deviations, which resulted in a deterioration of the communicative field and treatment alliance...
June 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611548/hippocampal-characteristics-and-invariant-sequence-elements-distribution-of-glra2-and-glra3-c-to-u-editing
#3
Philipp Schaefermeier, Sarah Heinze
Glycine receptor α2 and α3 subunit (GLRA2/GLRA3) high-affinity variants, of which the subjacent amino acid substitutions issue from C-to-U RNA editing, are thought to influence tonic inhibition and pathophysiology. In light of the detection of GLRA3 NM_006529:r.1157C>U and GLRA2 NM_002063:r.1416C>U exchanges in hippocampus explants of temporal lobe epilepsy patients, we now examine the healthy situation and relate it to the epileptic situation by ascertaining controls in a legitimate reanalysis. The GLRA2 and GLRA3 editing events that would ultimately result in a glycine receptor with increased affinity occur in the postmortem nonepileptic hippocampus...
March 2017: Molecular Syndromology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611359/chloroplast-genomic-resource-of-paris-for-species-discrimination
#4
Yun Song, Shaojun Wang, Yuanming Ding, Jin Xu, Ming Fu Li, Shuifang Zhu, Naizhong Chen
Paris is famous in China for its medicinal value and has been included in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Inaccurate identification of these species could confound their effective exploration, conservation, and domestication. Due to the plasticity of the morphological characteristics, correct identification among Paris species remains problematic. In this regard, we report the complete chloroplast genome of P. thibetica and P. rugosa to develop highly variable molecular markers. Comparing three chloroplast genomes, we sought out the most variable regions to develop the best cpDNA barcodes for Paris...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604549/transverse-cervical-artery-perforator-flap-standardized-surgical-technique-and-multiple-reconstructive-opportunity-in-head-and-neck-surgery
#5
Nicola Luca, Maria Josè Santana, Bianca Maria Festa, Fabio Collurà, Stefano Righini
The main purpose of head and neck reconstructive surgery is to provide anatomic restoration of the demolited region and to provide preservation and recovery of function. The anatomical investigations conducted over the years has enabled a detailed knowledge of human body vascularization, giving the opportunity to design and harvest more and more versatile and refined flaps, with increasingly satisfactory results. Even if in the last 2 decades free flaps have been considered a reconstructive criterion standard, they still determine a great physical impact for the patient and require a certain surgical experience...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603119/effect-of-chongmyungtang-a-traditional-korean-polyherbal-formula-on-the-pharmacokinetic-profiles-of-donepezil-in-rats
#6
Kyung-Min Baek, Oh-Dae Kwon, Soo-Jin Park, Chang-Hyun Song, Sae-Kwang Ku
Chongmyungtang (CMT) is a famous Korean herbal medicine for improving learning and memory, which has been reported to have anti-cholinergic and neuroprotective effects. Therefore, drug-drug interactions were examined between CMT and donepezil as a first screening of combination therapy for cognitive deficits. Rats received oral co-administration of donepezil with distilled water as a control or donepezil with CMT as a combination. The distilled water or CMT was co-administered at intervals within 5min after donepezil or 1...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600684/applying-spatial-analysis-techniques-to-assess-the-suitability-of-multipurpose-uses-of-spring-water-in-the-jiaosi-hot-spring-region-taiwan
#7
Cheng-Shin Jang, Han-Chen Huang
The Jiaosi Hot Spring Region is one of the most famous tourism destinations in Taiwan. The spring water is processed for various uses, including irrigation, aquaculture, swimming, bathing, foot spas, and recreational tourism. Moreover, the multipurpose uses of spring water can be dictated by the temperature of the water. To evaluate the suitability of spring water for these various uses, this study spatially characterized the spring water temperatures of the Jiaosi Hot Spring Region by integrating ordinary kriging (OK), sequential Gaussian simulation (SGS), and Geographic information system (GIS)...
July 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599383/self-care-challenges-in-adolescents-a-comprehensive-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Maryam Masoumi, Zohreh Shahhosseini
Background Adolescence is the period of accepting self-care responsibility. Many severe diseases that cause early mortality are rooted in adolescence. Hence, adolescence is the definitive time for preventive interventions such as self-care behaviors. In addition to the benefits of self-care behaviors, evidence shows that adolescents face barriers in performing self-care behaviors. Objective The aim of the current study to review the self-care challenges for adolescents. Methods Databases such as Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, PubMed, Web of Science, Scientific Information Database and Scopus were searched to extract papers published from 1994 to 2016 based on the inclusion criterion...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599166/the-means-side-effect-distinction-in-moral-cognition-a-meta-analysis
#9
Adam Feltz, Joshua May
Experimental research suggests that people draw a moral distinction between bad outcomes brought about as a means versus a side effect (or byproduct). Such findings have informed multiple psychological and philosophical debates about moral cognition, including its computational structure, its sensitivity to the famous Doctrine of Double Effect, its reliability, and its status as a universal and innate mental module akin to universal grammar. But some studies have failed to replicate the means/byproduct effect especially in the absence of other factors, such as personal contact...
June 6, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597429/embryology-of-two-mycoheterotrophic-orchid-species-gastrodia-elata-and-gastrodia-nantoensis-ovule-and-embryo-development
#10
Yuan-Yuan Li, Xiao-Mei Chen, Shun-Xing Guo, Yung-I Lee
BACKGROUND: Gastrodia elata, a famous herbal medicine, has been received great attention on its treatments of headache, vertigo and epilepsy. Gastrodia nantoensis is a newly described species from central Taiwan with potential medicinal value. Gastrodia species are fully mycoheterotrophic orchids, and the courses of their seed development are more rapid as compared to the chlorophyllous orchids. A better understanding of their reproductive biology would provide insights into the propagation and conservation of the mycoheterotrophic orchid species...
December 2016: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597423/illumina-based-transcriptomic-profiling-of-panax-notoginseng-in-response-to-arsenic-stress
#11
Yanfang Liu, Yanhua Mi, Jianhua Zhang, Qiwan Li, Lu Chen
BACKGROUND: Panax notoginseng, a famous herbal medicine, has recently attracted great attention on its safety and quality since P. notoginseng can accumulate and tolerate As from growing environment. For the purpose of understanding As damage to the quality of P. notoginseng as well as corresponding tolerance mechanisms, genes involved in As stress response were identified using Illumina sequencing. RESULTS: Totally 91,979,946 clean reads were generated and were de novo assembled into 172,355 unigenes...
December 2016: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596180/the-non-combatant-status-importance-and-implications-for-medical-personnel
#12
EDITORIAL
Daniel Wilkins, C Dieppe
Under the laws of armed conflict military medics are deemed non-combatants, and as such are subject to certain protections and limitations. The non-combatant status is defined in the famous Geneva Conventions, which form the basis of the international law of armed conflict. The protections afforded to medical personnel in armed conflict are a result of the need to protect and treat the sick and injured during times of hostility. This paper describes the history and legal development of the non-combatant status, and summarises the importance and implications of the contents of the Geneva Conventions that are relevant to medical personnel as non-combatants...
June 8, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591394/charcot-s-famous-secretaries
#13
Hélio Afonso Ghizoni Teive, Francisco Manoel Branco Germiniani, Renato Puppi Munhoz, Olivier Walusinski
At the pinnacle of his career, Professor Charcot had four secretaries: Charles Féré, Pierre Marie, Georges Gilles de la Tourette and Georges Guinon. They helped the great founder of neurology with his activities at La Salpêtrière Hospital and his private clinic, examining patients before he made the final diagnosis.
May 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589804/a-royal-turning-point
#14
Ian Hulatt
In disclosing the mental distress he experienced after the death of his mother Princess Diana, Prince Harry has joined a growing number of famous people who have felt enabled to make such issues public.
June 7, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589292/detection-of-diverse-viruses-in-alimentary-specimens-of-bats-in-macau
#15
Jie Liang, Xing-Lou Yang, Bei Li, Qi Liu, Qin Zhang, Hui Liu, Hon-Pio Kan, Kai-Chin Wong, Si-Nga Chek, Xiangyang He, Xingwen Peng, Zheng-Li Shi, Yi Wu, Libiao Zhang
Bats carry a variety of viruses, and some of them cause public health problems. Macau, which is famous for its gambling industry, has a complex population structure. The globalization in such an international metropolis has enhanced the chance of disease transmission. Therefore, surveillance of zoonotic viruses is necessary for the early warning of potential emerging infectious diseases. Here, we report the first surveillance of bat viruses in Macau. In this study, we collected 1004 samples involving 10 bat species from 7 sites from April 2015 to May 2016, and examined the presence of viruses using nucleic acid-based methods...
June 1, 2017: Virologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587247/membranes-of-polymers-of-intrinsic-microporosity-pim-1-modified-by-poly-ethylene-glycol
#16
Gisela Bengtson, Silvio Neumann, Volkan Filiz
Until now, the leading polymer of intrinsic microporosity PIM-1 has become quite famous for its high membrane permeability for many gases in gas separation, linked, however, to a rather moderate selectivity. The combination with the hydrophilic and low permeable poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and poly(ethylene oxides) (PEO) should on the one hand reduce permeability, while on the other hand enhance selectivity, especially for the polar gas CO₂ by improving the hydrophilicity of the membranes. Four different paths to combine PIM-1 with PEG or poly(ethylene oxide) and poly(propylene oxide) (PPO) were studied: physically blending, quenching of polycondensation, synthesis of multiblock copolymers and synthesis of copolymers with PEO/PPO side chain...
June 5, 2017: Membranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584727/the-presumed-oldest-flying-insect-more-likely-a-myriapod
#17
Carolin Haug, Joachim T Haug
The early fossil record of insects is scarce, with only few finds in the Devonian. All these finds appear problematic and controversial, partly due to incomplete preservation and challenging interpretation of many structures. We provide details of one of these important forms, Rhyniognatha hirsti from the famous Rhynie Chert Lagerstätte with up-to-date 3D imaging techniques. The fossil has been interpreted as the remains of one of the earliest flying insects. The specimen mainly preserves the remains of the head...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577538/dai-huang-fu-zi-tang-alleviates-pulmonary-and-intestinal-injury-with-severe-acute-pancreatitis-via-regulating-aquaporins-in-rats
#18
Xin Kang, Xiao-Guang Lu, Li-Bin Zhan, Zheng-Kai Liang, Wen-Xiu Guo, Qi Ma, Yi Wang, Jian-Bo Song, Jin-Yu Feng, Cong-Han Wang, Li-Zhi Bai, Yi Song, Guo-Hui Liu
BACKGROUND: Dai-Huang-Fu-Zi-Tang (DHFZT) is a famous traditional Chinese prescription with intestinal obstruction, acute pancreatitis and cholecystalgia for thousands of years. Our previous work found that DHFZT could act against pulmonary and intestinal pathological injury in rats with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). But the underlying mechanism has not been fully elucidated. The aim of present study was to investigate whether DHFZT could relieve pulmonary and intestinal injury by regulating aquaporins after SAP induced by sodium taurocholate in rats...
June 2, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577301/neural-organization-of-afferent-pathways-from-the-stomatopod-compound-eye
#19
Hanne H Thoen, Nicholas J Strausfeld, Justin Marshall
Crustaceans and insects share many similarities of brain organisation suggesting that their common ancestor possessed some components of those shared features. Stomatopods (mantis shrimps) are basal eumalacostracan crustaceans famous for their elaborate visual system, the most complex of which possesses 12 types of colour photoreceptors and the ability to detect both linearly and circularly polarised light. Here, using a palette of histological methods we describe neurons and their neuropils most immediately associated with the stomatopod retina...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574448/simultaneous-quantification-of-multiple-representative-components-in-the-xian-ling-gu-bao-capsule-by-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-quadrupole-time-of-flight-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#20
Zhi-Hong Yao, Zi-Fei Qin, Hong Cheng, Xiao-Meng Wu, Yi Dai, Xin-Luan Wang, Ling Qin, Wen-Cai Ye, Xin-Sheng Yao
Xian-Ling-Gu-Bao capsule (XLGB), a famous traditional Chinese medicine prescription, is extensively used for the treatment of osteoporosis in China. However, few studies on the holistic quality control of XLGB have been reported. In this study, a reliable method using 18 representative components in XLGB was successfully established and applied to evaluate 34 batches of XLGB samples by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/Q-TOF-MS). The choice of quantitative markers mostly followed four principles, i...
June 2, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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