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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718660/out-out-damned-blind-spot-the-problem-of-anxiety-with-dynamic-psychotherapy
#1
Neil Raveen Jeyasingam
OBJECTIVES: This article discusses Lady Macbeth's famous sleepwalking scene from the Shakespearean tragedy, and how it became used as a template for the formulation of obsessive-compulsive disorder. CONCLUSIONS: Psychoanalysis maintained its role in understanding the condition, despite the lack of evidence base and the repeated finding from many therapists of a failure to control symptomatology. It is suggested that psychodynamic psychotherapy suffered from a failure to recognise what components of its practice were aesthetically attractive concepts rather than evidence-based medicine and outcome measures, and is an important issue in considering its future directions...
July 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714795/analysis-of-physical-activity-among-free-living-nonagenarians-from-a-sardinian-longevous-population
#2
Giovanni Mario Pes, Maria Pina Dore, Alessandra Errigo, Michel Poulain
Physical activity was identified as a major determinant of longevity. Using wearable accelerometers, we evaluated energy expenditure (EE), including resting- (REE) and total-energy expenditure, (TEE), physical activity level (PAL), percentage of PAL ≥ 3 metabolic equivalent tasks (METs), number of steps, resting index (RI%) and sleeping patterns in 44 free-living nonagenarians (27 men) residing in a Sardinian village famous for its longevous population. The average REE and TEE recorded were: men 1278 ± 161 kcal/day and 957 ± 110, and women: 2286 ± 541kcal/day and 1811 ± 308 in the women, respectively...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713191/long-term-recovery-in-stroke-accompanied-by-aphasia-a-reconsideration
#3
Audrey Holland, Davida Fromm, Margaret Forbes, Brian MacWhinney
BACKGROUND: This work focuses on the twenty-six individuals who provided data to AphasiaBank on at least two occasions, with initial testing between 6 months and 5.8 years post-onset of aphasia. The data are archival in nature and were collected from the extensive database of aphasic discourse in AphasiaBank. AIMS: The aim is to furnish data on the nature of long-term changes in both the impairment of aphasia as measured by the Western Aphasia Battery-Revised (WAB-R) and its expression in spoken discourse...
2017: Aphasiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711815/geschwind-syndrome-in-frontotemporal-lobar-degeneration-neuroanatomical-and-neuropsychological-features-over-9-years
#4
Laura Veronelli, Sara J Makaretz, Megan Quimby, Bradford C Dickerson, Jessica A Collins
Geschwind Syndrome, a characteristic behavioral syndrome frequently described in patients affected by temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), consists of the following features: hyper-religiosity, hypergraphia, hyposexuality, and irritability. Here we report the 9-year-clinical course of a case of Geschwind Syndrome that developed as a first and salient clinical expression of right temporal lobe variant of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). Only one patient affected by frontotemporal dementia has previously been shown to present with Geschwind Syndrome...
June 27, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709868/protective-effect-of-p53-on-the-viability-of-intervertebral-disc-nucleus-pulposus-cells-under-low-glucose-condition
#5
Xifeng Xiong, Libing Dai, Weiguo Liang, Jinli Zhang, Shengnan Qin, Wenjuan Cao, Dongping Ye, Peihong Liang, Zhihe Liu
P53 is a famous cancer suppressor and plays key roles in metabolism. Intervertebral disc (IVD) is the largest avascular cartilaginous structure in humans and its degeneration is a common cause of spine diseases initiated from damaged nucleus pulposus (NP) cells. The potential cause of disc degeneration has been attributed to aging, genetic factors, mechanical factors and nutrition. In this study, we found that p53 decreased and leaked to the cytoplasm in NP cells as the glucose level decreases, in contrast to cancer cells in which p53 increases and concentrates to the nuclei...
July 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707543/pet-mri-knocking-on-the-doors-of-the-rich-and-famous
#6
Thomas Beyer, Marcus Hacker, Vicky Goh
Since 2010 the portfolio of PET-based imaging has been expanded by industry with the introduction of combined whole-body PET/MRI systems with the intent of merging PET-based molecular imaging with the strengths of MRI. PET/MRI has created a lot of hype in the scientific community but comparatively little traction in the clinic. The first years of whole-body PET/MRI were used to address inherent technical challenges, however, it is now time to make use of the full potential of this integrated imaging modality...
July 14, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707171/optimal-use-of-arterial-grafts-during-current-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#7
REVIEW
Suzuki Tomoaki
Multiple arterial grafting, including the use of the bilateral internal thoracic arteries (ITAs), has strong benefits on patient clinical outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) but is far from commonly accepted at present. We reviewed the previous randomized and leading observational studies and assembled an up-to-date profile on multiple arterial grafting. Many of the previous trials successfully showed the beneficial effects of arterial grafting after CABG. Although many of these were retrospective studies, the data presented, mostly from world-famous surgeons, show that multiple arterial grafting does have advantages with regard to the long-term patient outcome without increasing rates of early mortality or morbidity...
July 13, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706197/completeness-of-community-structure-in-networks
#8
Jia-Rong Xie, Pan Zhang, Hai-Feng Zhang, Bing-Hong Wang
By defining a new measure to community structure, exclusive modularity, and based on cavity method of statistical physics, we develop a mathematically principled method to determine the completeness of community structure, which represents whether a partition that is either annotated by experts or given by a community-detection algorithm, carries complete information about community structure in the network. Our results demonstrate that the expert partition is surprisingly incomplete in some networks such as the famous political blogs network, indicating that the relation between meta-data and community structure in real-world networks needs to be re-examined...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705718/antimicrobial-peptide-repertoire-of-thitarodes-armoricanus-a-host-species-of-ophiocordyceps-sinensis-predicted-based-on-de-novo-transcriptome-sequencing-and-analysis
#9
Min Wang, Xianda Hu
Ophiocordyceps sinensis is an entomopathogenic fungus that parasitizes the larvae of ghost moths. The fungus-caterpillar complex resulting from fungal parasitism is a medicinally and economically important traditional Chinese medicine famous for its tonic, aphrodisiac and immunomodulatory activity. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), which play predominant roles in responding to infection of pathogenic microorganisms in the immune system of ghost moths, may remain behind the fungus-caterpillar complex. Thitarodes armoricanus, as a widely distributed ghost moth on the Tibetan Plateau, is the first reported and one of the most common host insects of O...
July 11, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705533/characterization-and-prediction-of-the-backscattered-form-function-of-an-immersed-cylindrical-shell-using-hybrid-fuzzy-clustering-and-bio-inspired-algorithms
#10
Said Agounad, El Houcein Aassif, Younes Khandouch, Gérard Maze, Dominique Décultot
The acoustic scattering of a plane wave by an elastic cylindrical shell is studied. A new approach is developed to predict the form function of an immersed cylindrical shell of the radius ratio b/a ('b' is the inner radius and 'a' is the outer radius). The prediction of the backscattered form function is investigated by a combined approach between fuzzy clustering algorithms and bio-inspired algorithms. Four famous fuzzy clustering algorithms: the fuzzy c-means (FCM), the Gustafson-Kessel algorithm (GK), the fuzzy c-regression model (FCRM) and the Gath-Geva algorithm (GG) are combined with particle swarm optimization and genetic algorithm...
June 20, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704398/temporal-dynamics-of-neurogenomic-plasticity-in-response-to-social-interactions-in-male-threespined-sticklebacks
#11
Syed Abbas Bukhari, Michael C Saul, Christopher H Seward, Huimin Zhang, Miles Bensky, Noelle James, Sihai Dave Zhao, Sriram Chandrasekaran, Lisa Stubbs, Alison M Bell
Animals exhibit dramatic immediate behavioral plasticity in response to social interactions, and brief social interactions can shape the future social landscape. However, the molecular mechanisms contributing to behavioral plasticity are unclear. Here, we show that the genome dynamically responds to social interactions with multiple waves of transcription associated with distinct molecular functions in the brain of male threespined sticklebacks, a species famous for its behavioral repertoire and evolution. Some biological functions (e...
July 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702981/between-history-and-gossip-the-state-of-women-relative-to-syphilis-a-traditionally-male-disease
#12
M Rovesti, F Satolli, A Zucchi, M Gandolfi, M Fioranelli, M G Roccia, M Boccalari, K França, J Lotti, N Zerbinati, T Lotti, C Feliciani
Despite the new World Health Organization data remind us how syphilis is a disease which affects both sexes equally, this pathology has always been mainly considered a male disease. While several famous men are known to be affected by syphilis, there are very few women affected by this pathology of which we have historical records. Through the lives of Mary Todd Lincoln, Catherine of Aragon, Karen Blixen and Florence Foster Jenkins, this article would like to grant dignity to all the women who contracted syphilis in the wrong historical era where, for a woman, admitting to contracting it was shameful...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702601/modeling-the-kinetics-of-cobalt-fischer-tropsch-catalyst-deactivation-trends-through-an-innovative-modified-weibull-distribution
#13
Mahdi Khorashadizadeh, Hossein Atashi
Since the increase in clean energy demand is driven by environmental concerns, energy management is an ever-lasting issue globally. Among the different scenarios for energy manufacturing, the catalytic route through the famous process named Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis provides beneficial consequences including pollution reduction and economic efficiency, among others. In this regard, catalyst stability must be taken into account as a crucial performance parameter, especially in the expensive cobalt-catalyzed CO hydrogenation processes...
July 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702184/maxillary-artery-based-flaps-for-oral-cavity-reconstruction-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Amin Rahpeyma, Saeedeh Khajehahmadi
BACKGROUND: There are different flaps based on the branches of the maxillary artery. Flaps based on the maxillary artery branches can be used for oral cavity reconstruction in selected cases, but there is lack of comprehensive review in this topic. METHODS: A literature review was performed on Medline for maxillary artery based flaps and oral cavity reconstruction. Surgical techniques for each possible variant of maxillary artery based flaps and an example of each situation for oral cavity reconstruction is explained...
August 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699541/randomised-controlled-trials-and-changing-public-health-practice
#15
EDITORIAL
Anne Cockcroft
One reason for doing randomised controlled trials (RCTs) is that experiments can be convincing. Early epidemiological experimenters, such as Jenner and the smallpox vaccine and Snow and his famous Broad Street pump handle, already knew the answer they were demonstrating; they used the experiments as knowledge translation devices to convince others.More sophisticated modern experiments include cluster randomised controlled trials (CRCTs) for experiments in the public health setting. The knowledge translation value remains: RCTs and CRCTs can potentially stimulate changes of practice among stakeholders...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699028/the-occipital-face-area-is-causally-involved-in-the-formation-of-identity-specific-face-representations
#16
Géza Gergely Ambrus, Maria Dotzer, Stefan R Schweinberger, Gyula Kovács
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and neuroimaging studies suggest a role of the right occipital face area (rOFA) in early facial feature processing. However, the degree to which rOFA is necessary for the encoding of facial identity has been less clear. Here we used a state-dependent TMS paradigm, where stimulation preferentially facilitates attributes encoded by less active neural populations, to investigate the role of the rOFA in face perception and specifically in image-independent identity processing...
July 11, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698104/pseudomonas-aeruginosa-quorum-sensing-modulates-immune-responses-an-updated-review-article
#17
REVIEW
Ashraf Kariminik, Majid Baseri-Salehi, Babak Kheirkhah
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic bacterium which induces some complications in immunocompromised patients. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a quorum-sensing using bacterium which regulates its genes expression. The bacterium uses two famous pathways for quorum sensing entitled LasI/LasR and RhlI/RhlR systems. It has been documented that the bacteria which use quorum sensing are able to overcome immune responses. This review article aims to present recent information regarding the effects of Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing systems on the host immune responses...
July 8, 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691623/roald-dahl-charity-funds-network-of-specialist-nurses
#18
Nick Evans
As the author of some of the most famous children's books, Roald Dahl's impact on the lives of young people is obvious. But less well known is his legacy in terms of helping the sick and injured.
July 10, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691013/identification-of-pharmacologically-tractable-protein-complexes-in-cancer-using-the-r-based-network-clustering-and-visualization-program-mcoder
#19
Sungjin Kwon, Hyosil Kim, Hyun Seok Kim
Current multiomics assay platforms facilitate systematic identification of functional entities that are mappable in a biological network, and computational methods that are better able to detect densely connected clusters of signals within a biological network are considered increasingly important. One of the most famous algorithms for detecting network subclusters is Molecular Complex Detection (MCODE). MCODE, however, is limited in simultaneous analyses of multiple, large-scale data sets, since it runs on the Cytoscape platform, which requires extensive computational resources and has limited coding flexibility...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690943/transradial-vs-transfemoral-approach-in-cardiac-catheterization-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Ibrar Anjum, Muhammad Adnan Khan, Muhammad Aadil, Aniqa Faraz, Mudassir Farooqui, Amerah Hashmi
The main objective of this review paper is to study the comparison between transradial and transfemoral approach in catheterization. Transradial and transfemoral are two main approaches which are used as a diagnostic and therapeutic purpose in catheterization. The transradial approach in interventional cardiology is safe, effective, and feasible as compared to the transfemoral approach. The aim of this study is to compare pros and cons of transradial vs. transfemoral approach in catheterization. We conducted this systematic review on the role of transradial vs...
June 3, 2017: Curēus
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