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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161196/emergence-of-mixed-oil-fat-emulsions-for-use-in-parenteral-nutrition
#1
Manpreet S Mundi, Robert Martindale, Ryan T Hurt
Since early work by Wretlind and Schuberth led to the development of a stable and safe intravenous fat emulsion (IFE) using soybean oil (SO) and egg phospholipid emulsifier, IFEs have become a crucial source of essential fatty acids and nonprotein energy in parenteral nutrition. However, largely due to their high ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) and phytosterol content, SO IFEs have been associated with complications, including a proinflammatory profile and hypertriglyceridemia, as well as intestinal failure-associated liver disease...
November 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160365/foraging-behavior-and-at-sea-distribution-of-white-tailed-tropicbirds-in-tropical-ocean
#2
L F A S Campos, A B Andrade, S Bertrand, M A Efe
We used miniaturized GPS loggers and site observations to access foraging patterns and nest behaviour of the White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus (WTTB), an endangered species at its South Atlantic breeding colony. Dual foraging pattern was observed with alternation between long and short foraging trips. Birds responsible for nest attendance engaged in short foraging trips with mean distance from colony of 25 ± 17 km, total distance covered of 79 ± 65 km and mean duration of 4.02 ± 5.28 hours. Birds flew by dawn and returned before dusk while partners were at sea for long foraging trips that ranged from four to 11 days, with mean maximum distance from colony of 105 ± 47...
November 9, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149368/dietary-guidance-for-lutein-consideration-for-intake-recommendations-is-scientifically-supported
#3
Katherine M Ranard, Sookyoung Jeon, Emily S Mohn, James C Griffiths, Elizabeth J Johnson, John W Erdman
Lutein, a yellow xanthophyll carotenoid found in egg yolks and many colorful fruits and vegetables, has gained public health interest for its putative role in visual performance and reducing the risk of age-related macular degeneration. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine's recommended Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) focus on preventing deficiency and toxicity, but there is a budding interest in establishing DRI-like guidelines for non-essential bioactives, like lutein, that promote optimal health and/or prevent chronic diseases...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143697/stroke-and-food-groups-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#4
Cuiyu Deng, Qi Lu, Bingyan Gong, Liya Li, Lianxia Chang, Li Fu, Yue Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Numerous systematic reviews of prospective studies on the association of stroke risk with the consumption of various food groups have been published. A review of the evidence across the existing systematic reviews and meta-analyses of prospective studies was conducted to provide an overview of the range and validity of the reported associations of food groups with stroke risk. DESIGN: The PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases were searched for articles published up to September 2015 to identify systematic reviews of prospective studies...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137944/reproductive-factors-nutritional-status-and-serum-25-oh-d-levels-in-women-with-breast-cancer-a-case-control-study
#5
REVIEW
Nighat Y Sofi, Monika Jain, Umesh Kapil, Vuthaluru Seenu, Lakshmy R, Chander P Yadav, Ravindra M Pandey, Neha Sareen
The study was conducted with an objective to investigate the association between reproductive factors, nutritional status and serum 25(OH)D levels among women diagnosed with breast cancer (BC). A total of 200 women with BC attending a tertiary healthcare institute of Delhi, India matched with 200 healthy women for age (±2years) and socio economic status were included in the study. Data was collected on socio-demographic profile, reproductive factors, physical activity and dietary intake (24h dietary recall and food frequency questionnaire) using interviewer administered structured questionnaires and standard tools...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135918/phospholipids-of-animal-and-marine-origin-structure-function-and-anti-inflammatory-properties
#6
REVIEW
Ronan Lordan, Alexandros Tsoupras, Ioannis Zabetakis
In this review paper, the latest literature on the functional properties of phospholipids in relation to inflammation and inflammation-related disorders has been critically appraised and evaluated. The paper is divided into three sections: (Section 1) presents an overview of the relationship between structures and biological activities (pro-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory) of several phospholipids with respect to inflammation. (Section 2) and (Section 3) are dedicated to the structures, functions, compositions and anti-inflammatory properties of dietary phospholipids from animal and marine sources...
November 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120368/lactobacillus-bulgaricus-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-and-lactobacillus-paracasei-attenuate-salmonella-enteritidis-salmonella-heidelberg-and-salmonella-typhimurium-colonization-and-virulence-gene-expression-in-vitro
#7
Muhammed Shafeekh Muyyarikkandy, Mary Anne Amalaradjou
Salmonella Enteritidis (SE), Salmonella Typhimurium (ST), and Salmonella Heidelberg (SH) have been responsible for numerous outbreaks associated with the consumption of poultry meat and eggs. Salmonella colonization in chicken is characterized by initial attachment to the cecal epithelial cells (CEC) followed by dissemination to the liver, spleen, and oviduct. Since cecal colonization is critical to Salmonella transmission along the food chain continuum, reducing this intestinal association could potentially decrease poultry meat and egg contamination...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117670/association-between-dietary-intake-and-postlaparoscopic-cholecystectomic-symptoms-in-patients-with-gallbladder-disease
#8
Yongju Shin, Dongho Choi, Kyeong Geun Lee, Ho Soon Choi, Yongsoon Park
Background/Aims: After cholecystectomy, patients have reported postcholecystectomic syndromes such as abdominal symptoms, dyspepsia, and diarrhea, which suggest a relationship between cholecystectomic symptoms and diet, although the details of this association remain unclear. The present study investigated the hypothesis that dietary intake of nutrients and foods was significantly associated with postcholecystectomic syndromes. Methods: Gallstone patients (n = 59) who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy were enrolled, and dietary intake and clinical parameters were assessed immediately postcholecystectomy and 3 months later...
November 10, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114652/pepsin-egg-white-hydrolysate-ameliorates-metabolic-syndrome-in-high-fat-high-dextrose-fed-rats
#9
S Moreno-Fernández, M Garcés-Rimón, C González, J A Uranga, V López-Miranda, G Vera, M Miguel
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a pepsin egg white hydrolysate (EWH) on metabolic complications using a high-fat/high-dextrose diet-induced Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) experimental model. Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups which received: standard diet and water (C), standard diet and a solution with 1 g kg(-1) day(-1) of EWH (CH), high-fat/high-dextrose diet and water (MS), and high-fat/high-dextrose diet and a solution with 1 g kg(-1) day(-1) of EWH (MSH). EWH consumption normalized body weight gain; abdominal obesity and peripheral neuropathy developed in MetS animals, and adipose tissue and liver weight, as well as plasma glucose were reduced...
November 8, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111915/effects-of-egg-consumption-on-blood-lipids-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#10
Mohammad Hossein Rouhani, Nafiseh Rashidi-Pourfard, Amin Salehi-Abargouei, Majid Karimi, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost
BACKGROUND: It is widely agreed that egg consumption only modestly influences serum lipid concentrations. However, there is no meta-analysis summarizing existing randomized controlled trials. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of published randomized controlled trials to explore the quantitative effect of egg consumption on serum lipid concentrations. DESIGN: Online databases including MEDLINE, Proquest and Google Scholar were systematically searched...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101472/a-kudoa-septempunctata-antigen-induces-production-of-ige-in-balb-c-mice
#11
Takahiro Ohnishi, Aya Kubo, Tomoya Yoshinari, Maiko Watanabe
Kudoa septempunctata, a myxosporean parasite, is the causative agent of a foodborne illness associated with consumption of raw Paralichthys olivaceus (olive flounder). Because the lag phase of this illness is short (from 1 to 12 h), it is possible that an allergic response is relevant to this illness. To test whether a K. septempunctata antigen is the possible allergen, we injected a myxospore extract into BALB/c mice and measured IgE levels in serum. When the mice were injected with the myxospore extract, the total serum IgE concentration increased significantly after the second immunization as compared to the negative control...
November 3, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098763/characterising-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-and-the-consumption-of-poultry-products-in-rural-tanzania-a-mixed-methods-approach
#12
Julia De Bruyn, Brigitte Bagnol, Ian Darnton-Hill, Wende Maulaga, Peter C Thomson, Robyn Alders
Suboptimal breastfeeding practices, early initiation of complementary feeding, and monotonous cereal-based diets have been implicated as contributors to continuing high rates of child undernutrition in sub-Saharan Africa. Nutrition-sensitive interventions, including agricultural programs that increase access to nutrient-rich vegetables, legumes, and animal-source foods, have the potential to achieve sustainable improvements in children's diets. In the quest to evaluate the efficacy of such programs in improving growth and development in the first 2 years of life, there is a role for mixed methods research to better understand existing infant and young child feeding practices...
November 2, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098427/association-between-egg-consumption-and-cardiovascular-disease-events-diabetes-and-all-cause-mortality
#13
Jing Guo, Ditte A Hobbs, John R Cockcroft, Peter C Elwood, Janet E Pickering, Julie A Lovegrove, David I Givens
PURPOSE: The association between egg consumption and cardiovascular disease (CVD) or type 2 diabetes (T2D) remains controversial. We investigated the association between egg consumption and risk of CVD (primary outcome), T2D and mortality in the Caerphilly prospective cohort study (CAPS) and National Diet and Nutritional Survey (NDNS). METHODS: CAPS included 2512 men aged 45-59 years (1979-1983). Dietary intake, disease incidence and mortality were updated at 5-year intervals...
November 2, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097103/the-allergen-specificity-of-early-peanut-consumption-and-the-impact-on-the-development-of-allergic-disease-in-the-leap-study-cohort
#14
George du Toit, Peter H Sayre, Graham Roberts, Kaitie Lawson, Michelle L Sever, Henry T Bahnson, Helen R Fisher, Mary Feeney, Suzana Radulovic, Monica Basting, Marshall Plaut, Gideon Lack
BACKGROUND: Early introduction of dietary peanut in high-risk infants with severe eczema and/or egg allergy prevented peanut allergy at 5 years of age in the LEAP Study; the protective effect persisted after 12 months of avoiding peanuts in the LEAP-On Study. It is unclear whether this benefit is allergen and allergic-disease specific. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of early introduction of peanut on the development of allergic disease, food sensitization and aeroallergen sensitization...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077959/performance-and-serum-biochemical-profile-of-japanese-quail-supplemented-with-silymarin-and-contaminated-with-aflatoxin-b1
#15
M I Sakamoto, A E Murakami, A M Fernandes, I C Ospina-Rojas, K C Nunes, A K Hirata
The aim of this study was to evaluate the hepatoprotective effect of silymarin in diets contaminated or not with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) on the productive performance and serum biochemical profile of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) in the laying phase. A total of 240 12-week-old Japanese quail was used in a completely randomized design in a 3 × 2 factorial scheme (additives x contaminated or not with AFB1 - 1,500 μg/kg), totaling 6 treatments and 5 replicates of 8 birds each. The additives used were silymarin (500 g/ton), adsorbent (1 kg/ton), and a control diet (without additive)...
October 25, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066101/quality-of-meal-protein-determines-anabolic-response-in-older-adults
#16
Il-Young Kim, Yun-A Shin, Scott E Schutzler, Gohar Azhar, Robert R Wolfe, Arny A Ferrando
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It has been demonstrated that the relative content and profile of essential amino acids (EAA) play a determining role for stimulation of muscle protein synthesis (MPS) following intake of pure EAA or protein alone. METHODS: To test if this also holds in the context of mixed meals at both whole body and muscle levels, twelve older subjects (57-74 yrs) received primed continuous infusion of L-[ring-(2)H5]phenylalanine and L-[ring-(2)H2]tyrosine over a 9-h experimental period to determine whole body protein kinetics and MPS in the fasted state and following consumption of egg-based (EGG) or cereal-based (CEREAL) isocaloric and isonitrogenous breakfast...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051226/thermal-tachypnea-in-avian-embryos
#17
Kênia C Bícego, Jacopo P Mortola
Many adult mammals and birds respond to heat with thermal tachypnea, an increase in breathing frequency with shallow tidal volume, with minimal increase in oxygen consumption (V̇O2 ). This pattern favors heat dissipation by evaporative water loss (EWL) through the respiratory tract. We asked to what extent this response was apparent at the earliest stages of development, when pulmonary ventilation (V̇E) initiates. Measurements of V̇E(barometric technique), V̇O2 (open-flow methodology) and EWL (water scrubbers) were performed on chicken embryos at the earliest appearance of V̇E, during the internal pipping stage...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047183/follow-up-of-patients-with-uncertain-symptoms-during-an-oral-food-challenge-is-useful-for-diagnosis
#18
Taro Miura, Noriyuki Yanagida, Sakura Sato, Kiyotake Ogura, Motohiro Ebisawa
BACKGROUND: Uncertain symptoms often emerge during an oral food challenge (OFC) and Open-OFCs with those uncertain mild symptoms are ordinarily regarded as positive. Double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges should be conducted in order to determine these associations. Nevertheless, studies regarding the diagnosis of uncertain food allergy symptoms are lacking. We examined the diagnostic decision for a food allergy based on uncertain symptoms during an Open-OFC. METHODS: We conducted an Open-OFC between August 2005 and April 2012 with 2271 cases who suspected as allergic to hen's eggs, cow's milk, or wheat...
October 19, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039970/food-groups-and-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-stroke-and-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#19
Angela Bechthold, Heiner Boeing, Carolina Schwedhelm, Georg Hoffmann, Sven Knüppel, Khalid Iqbal, Stefaan De Henauw, Nathalie Michels, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Sabrina Schlesinger, Lukas Schwingshackl
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence for food-based dietary patterns' potential to reduce cardiovascular disease risk, knowledge about the amounts of food associated with the greatest change in risk of specific cardiovascular outcomes and about the quality of meta-evidence is limited. Therefore, the aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize the knowledge about the relation between intake of 12 major food groups (whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages [SSB]) and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke and heart failure (HF)...
October 17, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037977/toxocariasis-in-humans-in-africa-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Felix Lötsch, Rieke Vingerling, Rene Spijker, Martin Peter Grobusch
BACKGROUND: Toxocariasis is a globally distributed zoonosis. The most important definitive hosts are dogs, whereas humans serve as paratenic hosts. Transmission to humans occurs by accidental ingestion of eggs, e.g. by consumption of contaminated fruit or vegetables. Although exposure to Toxocara is usually considered as relatively benign, it is implicated in a range of neurological, ophthalmologic and other organ-specific conditions, some of them with grave consequences. This review provides an overview on the epidemiology, presentation and risk factors of exposure to Toxocara in Africa...
October 13, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
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