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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091798/intake-of-up-to-3-eggs-day-increases-hdl-cholesterol-and-plasma-choline-while-plasma-trimethylamine-n-oxide-is-unchanged-in-a-healthy-population
#1
Diana M DiMarco, Amanda Missimer, Ana Gabriela Murillo, Bruno S Lemos, Olga V Malysheva, Marie A Caudill, Christopher N Blesso, Maria Luz Fernandez
Eggs are a source of cholesterol and choline and may impact plasma lipids and trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) concentrations, which are biomarkers for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Therefore, the effects of increasing egg intake (0, 1, 2, and 3 eggs/day) on these and other CVD risk biomarkers were evaluated in a young, healthy population. Thirty-eight subjects [19 men/19 women, 24.1 ± 2.2 years, body mass index (BMI) 24.3 ± 2.5 kg/m(2)] participated in this 14-week crossover intervention. Participants underwent a 2-week washout with no egg consumption, followed by intake of 1, 2, and 3 eggs/day for 4 weeks each...
January 13, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067811/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-handling-eggs-in-the-home-an-unexplored-food-safety-issue
#2
Harriet Whiley, Beverley Clarke, Kirstin Ross
Foodborne illness is a global public health issue, with food handling in the home identified as an underestimated source. In Australia, there has been a significant increase in the incidence of salmonellosis with the majority of outbreaks linked to eggs. This study investigated Australian eggs consumer attitudes, behaviours and risk perceptions associated with the handling of raw eggs in the home. It was identified that 67% of participants chose free range eggs, 11% kept poultry, 7% did not have any preference, 7% cage eggs, 4% barn eggs, 2% organic eggs and 1% pasteurized eggs...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051941/thyroid-hormones-reduce-incubation-period-without-developmental-or-metabolic-costs-in-murray-river-short-necked-turtles-emydura-macquarii
#3
Jessica K McGlashan, Michael B Thompson, James U Van Dyke, Ricky-John Spencer
Metabolic processes are affected by both temperature and thyroid hormones in ectothermic vertebrates. Temperature is the major determinant of incubation length in oviparous vertebrates, but turtles can also alter developmental rate independent of temperature. Temperature gradients within natural nests cause different developmental rates of turtle embryos within nests. Despite temperature-induced reductions in developmental rate, cooler-incubated neonates often hatch synchronously with warmer siblings via metabolic compensation...
January 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049193/safety-and-efficacy-of-low-dose-oral-immunotherapy-for-hen-s-egg-allergy-in-children
#4
Noriyuki Yanagida, Sakura Sato, Tomoyuki Asaumi, Kenichi Nagakura, Kiyotake Ogura, Motohiro Ebisawa
BACKGROUND: The minimal dose for oral immunotherapy (OIT) tolerance is unknown. We investigated the efficacy and safety of low-dose OIT with 1/32 of the volume of a whole egg. METHODS: Thirty-three children (aged ≥5 years) with egg allergies confirmed by oral food challenge against 1/32 of a heated whole egg (194 mg of egg protein) were enrolled. The OIT group ingested a scrambled egg once a day. The volume was gradually increased up to a maximum of 1/32 of a heated whole egg...
January 4, 2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043568/isolation-and-molecular-identification-of-mycobacterium-from-commercially-available-pasteurized-milk-and-raw-milk-samples-collected-from-two-infected-cattle-farms-in-alborz-province-iran
#5
Mohsen Eftekhari, Nader Mosavari
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is an etiological agent of Johne's disease in ruminant including cattle, sheep and goats. This disease is considered an economically important disease in cattle. Animals with paratuberculosis shed viable MAP, particularly in their milk and feces. MAP may be involved in the development of Crohn's disease in humans through the consumption of contaminated milk and dairy products. Common methods of pasteurization are not enough to kill all MAP present in the milk and the bacterium has been isolated from raw milk, pasteurized milk and cheese samples...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042413/association-between-nutritional-status-with-spontaneous-abortion
#6
Rahimeh Ahmadi, Saeideh Ziaei, Sosan Parsay
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous abortion is the most common adverse pregnancy outcome. We aimed to investigate a possible link between nutrient deficiencies and the risk of spontaneous abortion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study included the case group (n=331) experiencing a spontaneous abortion before 14 weeks of pregnancy and the control group (n=331) who were healthy pregnant women over 14 weeks of pregnancy. The participants filled out Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), in which they reported their frequency of consumption for a given serving of each food item during the past three months, on a daily, weekly or monthly basis...
January 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028086/extending-the-ecology-of-fear-beyond-prey-reciprocal-nonconsumptive-effects-among-competing-aphid-predators
#7
J P Michaud, Paulo R R Barbosa, Clint L Bain, Jorge B Torres
Nonconsumptive effects of predators on prey are well known, but similar effects among competing predators are not. Aphidophagous insect larvae are notorious for cannibalism and intraguild predation, as they compete for aggregated but ephemeral prey. We tested for indirect effects of competitors on the development of Coleomegilla maculata DeGeer and Hippodamia convergens Guerin-Meneville (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), and a green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea Stephens (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae), with all larvae reared on eggs of Ephestia kuehniella Zeller (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)...
December 2016: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027215/complementary-feeding-a-position-paper-by-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-espghan-committee-on-nutrition
#8
Mary Fewtrell, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas Embleton, Nataša Fidler Mis, Iva Hojsak, Jessie M Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Christian Molgaard
: This position paper considers different aspects of complementary feeding (CF), focussing on healthy term infants in Europe. After reviewing current knowledge and practices, we have formulated these recommendations: Timing: Exclusive or full breast-feeding should be promoted for at least 4 months (17 weeks, beginning of the 5th month of life) and exclusive or predominant breast-feeding for approximately 6 months (26 weeks, beginning of the 7th month) is a desirable goal. Complementary foods (solids and liquids other than breast milk or infant formula) should not be introduced before 4 months but should not be delayed beyond 6 months...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025223/substantial-mortality-of-cabbage-looper-lepidoptera-noctuidae-from-predators-in-urban-agriculture-is-not-influenced-by-scale-of-production-or-variation-in-local-and-landscape-level-factors
#9
David M Lowenstein, Maryam Gharehaghaji, David H Wise
As Midwestern (United States) cities experience population decline, there is growing interest in converting underutilized vacant spaces to agricultural production. Urban agriculture varies in area and scope, yet most growers use similar cultivation practices such as avoiding chemical control of crop pests. For community gardens and farms that sell produce commercially, effective pest suppression by natural enemies is important for both societal, economic, and marketing reasons. To gauge the amount of prey suppression at 28 urban food-production sites, we measured removal of sentinel eggs and larvae of the cabbage looper Trichoplusia ni (Hubner), a caterpillar pest that defoliates Brassica We investigated how landscape and local factors, such as scale of production, influence cabbage looper mortality caused by predators...
December 26, 2016: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025220/intraguild-predation-among-three-common-coccinellids-coleoptera-coccinellidae-in-china-detection-using-dna-based-gut-content-analysis
#10
Fan Yang, Qian Wang, Dongmei Wang, Bin Xu, Jianxiang Xu, Yanhui Lu, James D Harwood
The ubiquity of intraguild predation (IGP) has been widely recognized for predatory coccinellids (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). In Chinese agroecosystems, three species (Coccinella septempunctata L., Harmonia axyridis (Pallas), and Propylea japonica (Thunberg)) are particularly common, but there is little information of interactions occurring between them. In no-choice laboratory feeding trials, differential directional predation was observed between species: C. septempunctata preyed on eggs of P. japonica more than H...
December 26, 2016: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017550/a-novel-bioconversion-for-value-added-products-from-food-waste-using-musca-domestica
#11
Yi Niu, Dong Zheng, Binghua Yao, Zizhe Cai, Zhimin Zhao, Shengqing Wu, Peiqing Cong, Depo Yang
Food waste, as a major part of the municipal solid waste has been generated increasingly worldwide. Efficient and feasible utilization of this waste material for productivity process is significant for both economical and environmental reasons. In the present study, Musca domestica larva was used as the carrier to conduct a bioconversion with food waste to get the value-added maggot protein, oil and organic fertilizers. Methods of adult flies rearing, culture medium adjuvant selection, maggot culture conditions, stocking density and the valorization of the waste have been explored...
December 22, 2016: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011688/cyantraniliprole-at-sublethal-dosages-negatively-affects-the-development-reproduction-and-nutrient-utilization-of-ostrinia-furnacalis-lepidoptera-crambidae
#12
Chunmei Xu, Jinfeng Ding, Yunhe Zhao, Jian Luo, Wei Mu, Zhengqun Zhang
To better understand the application prospect of cyantraniliprole against the Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis, a diet-incorporation bioassay was adopted to determine the toxicity of cyantraniliprole against the fourth instar of O. furnacalis Moreover, other experiments were conducted to examine effects of sublethal levels of cyantraniliprole on larval development, nutrient utilization, and reproduction. In this study, cyantraniliprole showed a high toxicity to fourth-instar larvae of O. furnacalis at dosages of 0...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003517/predator-diversity-reduces-habitat-colonization-by-mosquitoes-and-midges
#13
Ethan G Staats, Salvatore J Agosta, James R Vonesh
Changes in predator diversity via extinction and invasion are increasingly widespread and can have important ecological and socio-economic consequences. Anticipating and managing these consequences requires understanding how predators shape ecological communities. Previous predator biodiversity research has focused on post-colonization processes. However, predators can also shape communities by altering patterns of prey habitat selection during colonization. The sensitivity of this non-consumptive top down mechanism to changes in predator diversity is largely unexamined...
December 2016: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003292/eatwell-guide-modelling-the-dietary-and-cost-implications-of-incorporating-new-sugar-and-fibre-guidelines
#14
Peter Scarborough, Asha Kaur, Linda Cobiac, Paul Owens, Alexandr Parlesak, Kate Sweeney, Mike Rayner
OBJECTIVES: To model food group consumption and price of diet associated with achieving UK dietary recommendations while deviating as little as possible from the current UK diet, in order to support the redevelopment of the UK food-based dietary guidelines (now called the Eatwell Guide). DESIGN: Optimisation modelling, minimising an objective function of the difference between population mean modelled and current consumption of 125 food groups, and constraints of nutrient and food-based recommendations...
December 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001207/diet-quality-among-adolescents-has-deteriorated-a-panel-study-in-niter%C3%A3-i-rio-de-janeiro-state-brazil-2003-2008
#15
Luana Silva Monteiro, Paulo Rogerio Melo Rodrigues, Gloria Valeria da Veiga, Dirce Maria Lobo Marchioni, Rosangela Alves Pereira
This study aimed to analyze changes in the diet quality of adolescents from public schools in Niterói, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, over a five-year period. Data on the food consumption of adolescents (12-19 years) were obtained by means of two sets of 3-day food records in two school-based, cross-sectional studies conducted in 2003 and 2008. The Brazilian Revised Healthy Eating Index (BHEI-R) was used to estimate dietary quality. From 2003 to 2008 there was an overall decrease in the scores attributed to "total vegetables", "dark green and orange vegetables", and "meat, eggs, and legumes", but there was an increase in the score for "milk and dairy" (4...
December 22, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958255/evaluation-of-serum-vitamin-b12-level-and-related-nutritional-status-among-apparently-healthy-obese-female-individuals
#16
D Baltaci, M H Deler, Y Turker, F Ermis, D Iliev, U Velioglu
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a major public health problem and great risk for not only cardiovascular diseases but also cancer, musculoskeletal, and gynecological diseases. This study was aimed to investigate the association between serum Vitamin B12 (vitB12), body mass index (BMI), and nutritional status among obese women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled consecutive female subjects. The consumptions of red meat, fish, bovine liver, egg, and mushroom were recorded...
January 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956787/occurrence-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-and-salmonella-spp-in-retail-raw-table-eggs-sold-for-human-consumption-in-enugu-state-nigeria
#17
O Josephine Okorie-Kanu, E Vivienne Ezenduka, C Onwuchokwe Okorie-Kanu, L Chinweokwu Ugwu, U John Nnamani
AIM: This study was conducted to investigate the occurrence of pathogenic Escherichia coli and Salmonella species in retail raw table eggs sold for human consumption in Enugu State and to determine the resistance of these pathogens to antimicrobials commonly used in human and veterinary practices in Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 340 raw table eggs comprising 68 composite samples (5 eggs per composite sample) were collected from five selected farms (13 composite samples from the farms) and 10 retail outlets (55 composite samples from the retail outlets) in the study area over a period of 4-month (March-June, 2014)...
November 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939035/two-step-egg-introduction-for-prevention-of-egg-allergy-in-high-risk-infants-with-eczema-petit-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Osamu Natsume, Shigenori Kabashima, Junko Nakazato, Kiwako Yamamoto-Hanada, Masami Narita, Mai Kondo, Mayako Saito, Ai Kishino, Tetsuya Takimoto, Eisuke Inoue, Julian Tang, Hiroshi Kido, Gary W K Wong, Kenji Matsumoto, Hirohisa Saito, Yukihiro Ohya
BACKGROUND: Evidence is accumulating that early consumption is more beneficial than is delayed introduction as a strategy for primary prevention of food allergy. However, allergic reactions caused by early introduction of such solid foods have been a problematic issue. We investigated whether or not early stepwise introduction of eggs to infants with eczema combined with optimal eczema treatment would prevent egg allergy at 1 year of age. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we enrolled infants 4-5 months of age with eczema from two centres in Japan...
December 7, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935649/intense-pre-admission-carriage-and-further-acquisition-of-esbl-producing-enterobacteriaceae-among-patients-and-their-caregivers-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-rwanda
#19
Mathis S E Kurz, Claude Bayingana, Jules M Ndoli, Augustin Sendegeya, Anita Durst, Roland Pfüller, Jean Bosco Gahutu, Frank P Mockenhaupt
OBJECTIVES: To assess the presence and risk factors of intestinal carriage extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) among patients admitted to the University Teaching Hospital of Butare and among their attending caregivers; and to analyse the acquisition of ESBL-PE carriage during hospital stay and associated factors. METHODS: We screened 392 patients and their attending caregivers at admission and discharge for ESBL-PE carriage. Bacterial species were determined using the API-20E system, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing was done by agar disc-diffusion...
December 9, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928124/the-effect-of-the-consumption-of-egg-on-serum-lipids-and-antioxidant-status-in-healthy-subjects
#20
Yoshimi Kishimoto, Chie Taguchi, Norie Suzuki-Sugihara, Emi Saita, Mika Usuda, Wei Wang, Yasunobu Masuda, Kazuo Kondo
The egg is a nutrient-dense food and contains a number of antioxidants. The consumption of eggs has been considered to improve the balance of diets, although its impact on serum cholesterol levels has been a matter of concern in many countries. Here, we conducted a pilot study to investigate whether daily additional consumption of an egg might affect serum lipid profiles and also antioxidant status in healthy subjects. Fourteen male subjects were provided with breakfasts including a boiled egg for 4 wk. At the end of intervention, serum concentrations of total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were unchanged, despite the significant increase in the intake of dietary cholesterol...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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