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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772268/determination-and-regulation-of-hepatotoxic-pyrrolizidine-alkaloids-in-food-a-critical-review-of-recent-research
#1
Chuanhui Ma, Yang Liu, Lin Zhu, Hong Ji, Xun Song, Hui Guo, Tao Yi
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are secondary metabolites of plants. PAs have been reported to be hepatotoxic, mutagenic, and carcinogenic; they are a significant group of natural toxins affecting livestock, wildlife, and humans. To date, over 10,000 PAs poisoning cases have been reported worldwide. In recent years, many articles have reported the detection of PAs in various foods, including honey, milk, meat, eggs, tea and salad. This review summarized the contamination of PAs in foods, state of the art detection methods and regulations by different countries and authorities, hoping to propose effective solutions to minimize the consumption of PAs in food...
May 14, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770537/dietary-intake-of-iodine-enriched-eggs-decreases-the-incidence-of-mouse-mammary-tumors-caused-by-the-activated-erbb2-oncogene
#2
Kazunori Oyama, Takahiro Shimoda, Makoto Miyagawa, Mizuki Sone, Jiro Yokoyama, Katsuhiko Nishimori, Tomokazu Fukuda
Human epigenetic studies suggest that consumption of seaweed prevents mammary cancer, which possibly is explained by iodine daily intake. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of dietary intake of iodine-enriched eggs on mammary tumor incidence caused by the expression of activated type ErbB2. Female transgenic mice were divided into three groups, and fed a basic diet, a diet supplemented with ordinary eggs, or with iodine-enriched eggs. The number of mammary tumors greater than 5 mm in diameter was recorded in mice at 6 months of age...
May 16, 2018: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767091/nutritional-modulation-of-health-egg-quality-and-environmental-pollution-of-the-layers
#3
REVIEW
Jing Wang, Hongyuan Yue, Shugeng Wu, Haijun Zhang, Guanghai Qi
World egg production and consumption have been increasing for the past decades. Traditional strategies in poultry nutrition have made vital contributions to this great growth in quantity. However, current global issues should be considered in modern egg production such as growing populations and food security, food safety and quality, limited resources and environmental problems. The development of knowledge of poultry nutrition and modern biotechnology provides novel nutritional approaches to closely fit the requirement of pullets and laying hens, which will consequently decrease the nutrition excretion and maintain the lower cost of feed...
June 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766369/nutritional-issues-in-food-allergy
#4
REVIEW
Isabel J Skypala, Rebecca McKenzie
Diet and nutrition play an important role in the development and management of food allergy. The diet of expectant mothers can have an effect on their offspring in terms of allergic outcomes. A host of confounding factors may influence this, with a maternal diet rich in fruits and vegetables, fish, vitamin D-rich foods associated with a lower risk of allergic disease in their children. More surprisingly, the consumption of milk and butter has also been shown to have a protective effect, especially in a farm environment...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764315/effects-of-egg-consumption-and-choline-supplementation-on-plasma-choline-and-trimethylamine-n-oxide-in-a-young-population
#5
Bruno S Lemos, Isabel Medina-Vera, Olga V Malysheva, Marie A Caudill, Maria Luz Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Plasma trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) concentrations have been associated with cardiovascular disease risk. Eggs are a rich source of choline, which is a precursor of TMAO. OBJECTIVE: The effects of egg intake versus daily choline supplementation were evaluated on plasma choline and TMAO in a young, healthy population. METHODS: Thirty participants (14 males, 16 females; 25.6 ± 2.3 years; body mass index = 24.3 ± 2.9 kg/m2 ) were enrolled in this 13-week crossover intervention...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763418/dietary-patterns-and-nutritional-status-of-hiv-infected-children-and-adolescents-in-el-salvador-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Rocio Martín-Cañavate, Michela Sonego, Maria Jose Sagrado, Gustavo Escobar, Estefanie Rivas, Sandra Ayala, Luis Castaneda, Pilar Aparicio, Estefania Custodio
INTRODUCTION: The present study aimed to assess the nutritional status, the dietary patterns and its associated factors in the HIV-infected population of children and adolescents on antiretroviral treatment at the El Salvador reference center for pediatric HIV care (CENID). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out between December 2010 and December 2011. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics were collected from 307 children and adolescents aged 2-18 years and receiving antiretroviral therapy...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746880/development-and-validation-of-the-dietarian-identity-questionnaire-assessing-self-perceptions-of-animal-product-consumption
#7
Daniel L Rosenfeld, Anthony L Burrow
In navigating decisions about what to eat, people both construct and rely on a food-choice identity. Yet food choice is multifaceted, as people apply different dietary schemas to different types of food, engaging various domains of food-choice identity. In this paper, we focus on dietarian identity: one's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors with respect to consuming or eschewing animal products (here, pertaining to red meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and dairy). First, we draw upon Rosenfeld and Burrow's (2017a) Unified Model of Vegetarian Identity in order to develop a Dietarian Identity Questionnaire (DIQ)...
May 7, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746639/branched-chain-amino-acids-are-the-primary-limiting-amino-acids-in-the-diets-of-endurance-trained-men-after-a-bout-of-prolonged-exercise
#8
Hiroyuki Kato, Katsuya Suzuki, Makoto Bannai, Daniel R Moore
Background: The indicator amino acid oxidation (IAAO) method estimates the protein intake required to maximize whole-body protein synthesis and identify the daily protein requirement in a variety of populations. However, it is unclear whether the greater requirements for endurance athletes previously determined by the IAAO reflect an increased demand for all or only some amino acids. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the primary rate-limiting amino acids in endurance-trained athletes after prolonged exercise, by measuring the oxidation of ingested [1-13C]phenylalanine in response to variable amino acid intake...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743107/dietary-selenium-intake-based-on-the-chinese-food-pagoda-the-influence-of-dietary-patterns-on-selenium-intake
#9
Jing Wang, Linsheng Yang, Hairong Li, Yonghua Li, Binggan Wei
BACKGROUND: Selenium (Se) is essential for humans, with many critical roles in physiological and pathophysiological processes. Fish, eggs and meats are usually the rich food sources of Se. To improve the nutritional status of population, a new version of balanced dietary pattern in the form of the Chinese Food Pagoda (2016) was proclaimed. This study aimed to evaluate the contribution of this balanced dietary pattern to daily Se intake, and to assess Se intake status of Chinese residents under this Food Pagoda scenario...
May 9, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741558/effect-of-a-high-egg-diet-on-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-the-diabetes-and-egg-diabegg-study-randomized-weight-loss-and-follow-up-phase
#10
Nicholas R Fuller, Amanda Sainsbury, Ian D Caterson, Gareth Denyer, Mackenzie Fong, James Gerofi, Chloris Leung, Namson S Lau, Kathryn H Williams, Andrzej S Januszewski, Alicia J Jenkins, Tania P Markovic
Background: Some country guidelines recommend that people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) limit their consumption of eggs and cholesterol. Our previously published 3-mo weight-maintenance study showed that a high-egg (≥12 eggs/wk) diet compared with a low-egg diet (<2 eggs/wk) did not have adverse effects on cardiometabolic risk factors in adults with T2D. Objective: The current study follows the previously published 3-mo weight-maintenance study and assessed the effects of the high-egg compared with the low-egg diets as part of a 3-mo weight-loss period, followed by a 6-mo follow-up period for a total duration of 12 mo...
May 7, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733009/molecular-characterization-of-toxocara-spp-eggs-isolated-from-public-parks-and-playgrounds-in-shiraz-iran
#11
M Choobineh, F Mikaeili, S M Sadjjadi, S Ebrahimi, S Iranmanesh
Human toxocariasis, a worldwide parasitic disease, is caused by the larval stage of intestinal nematodes of dogs and cats, namely Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati. Human infection occurs by the accidental ingestion of embryonated eggs present in the soil, vegetables or on other contaminated surfaces, as well as via consumption of uncooked paratenic hosts, such as bird meat and giblets. The objective of this study was to evaluate the contamination of soil in public parks and playgrounds in Shiraz using microscopy and molecular methods...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732333/quality-assessment-of-zeus-faber-peter-s-fish-ovaries-regularly-commercialized-for-human-consumption
#12
Filippo Giarratana, Graziella Ziino, Valerio D'Andrea, Antonio Panebianco, Alessandro Giuffrida
In the last few years, the consumption of fish eggs has increased rapidly, finding widespread use also in mass catering. This increase has involved also those of the Peter's fish ( Zeus faber ). Females of this species, by their reproductive characteristics, have highly developed gonads in different periods of the year, making the raw material easy to find. The aim of the present study was to perform a quality assessment of Zeus faber ovaries regularly commercialized for human consumption. A total number of 34 samples, divided in fresh (11) and frozen (23), were processed for microbiological characterization, parasitological and histological evaluations...
March 31, 2018: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725070/red-meat-poultry-and-egg-consumption-with-the-risk-of-hypertension-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#13
Yi Zhang, Dian-Zhong Zhang
The objective of this study was to examine the associations of red meat, poultry, and egg consumption with the risk of hypertension (HTN). The electronic databases of PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase were searched up to August 2017, for prospective cohort studies on the associations between red meat, poultry, or egg consumption with the risk of HTN. The pooled relative risk (RR) of HTN for the highest vs. lowest category of red meat, poultry, and egg consumption as well as their corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721288/the-effects-of-food-and-parasitism-on-reproductive-performance-of-a-wild-rodent
#14
Pei-Jen L Shaner, Ai-Yun Yu, Shou-Hsien Li, Ching-Ho Hou
Food and parasitism can have complex effects on small mammal reproduction. In this study, we tested the effects of sex, food, and parasitism on reproductive performance of the Taiwan field mouse ( Apodemus semotus ). In a field experiment, we increased food availability for a portion of the mice in the population by providing sorghum seeds to a set of food stations. We reduced parasite intensity of randomly chosen mice through ivermectin treatment. We determined the number and quality of offspring for the mice using paternity analysis...
April 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713890/pain-perception-following-epithelialized-gingival-graft-harvesting-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Lorenzo Tavelli, Andrea Ravidà, Muhammad H A Saleh, Bartosz Maska, Fernando Suárez-López Del Amo, Giulio Rasperini, Hom-Lay Wang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a hemostatic collagen sponge and a collagen sponge sealed with a bio-adhesive material on the palatal donor sites with the purpose of minimizing postoperative pain after epithelialized gingival graft (EGG) harvesting. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present study consisted of 44 EGGs harvested in 44 patients. In the control group, a hemostatic collagen sponge was applied over the palatal wound, while the test group was treated with additional cyanoacrylate...
April 30, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713797/whole-egg-consumption-and-cortical-bone-in-healthy-children
#16
L M Coheley, J M Kindler, E M Laing, A Oshri, K M Hill Gallant, S J Warden, M Peacock, C M Weaver, R D Lewis
Eggs contain bioactive compounds thought to benefit pediatric bone. This cross-sectional study shows a positive link between childhood egg intake and radius cortical bone. If randomized trials confirm our findings, incorporating eggs into children's diets could have a significant impact in preventing childhood fractures and reducing the risk of osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION: This study examined the relationships between egg consumption and cortical bone in children. METHODS: The cross-sectional study design included 294 9-13-year-old black and white males and females...
April 30, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708044/students-adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-and-their-food-consumption-habits
#17
Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anastasia Dieze, Carolin Hilzendegen
BACKGROUND: Habitual behavior rather than intention has been linked to food intake patterns. AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the adherence to dietary recommendations in university students and to analyze whether habit strength predicts food consumption. METHODS: A student sample of the University (University of Hohenheim) was recruited ( n = 103; age range 18-30 years). Habit strength for consuming the food groups fruits, vegetables, whole grains, milk, meat, convenience foods, sugary and savory snacks, water and sugar-sweetened beverages was measured using a questionnaire...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705898/ammonia-production-in-poultry-houses-can-affect-health-of-humans-birds-and-the-environment-techniques-for-its-reduction-during-poultry-production
#18
Sadia Naseem, Annie J King
Due to greater consumption of poultry products and an increase in exports, more poultry houses will be needed. Therefore, it is important to investigate ways that poultry facilities can coexist in close proximity to residential areas without odors and environmental challenges. Ammonia (NH3 ) is the greatest concern for environmental pollution from poultry production. When birds consume protein, they produce uric acid, ultimately converted to NH3 under favorable conditions. Factors that increase production include pH, temperature, moisture content, litter type, bird age, manure age, relative humidity, and ventilation rate (VR)...
April 28, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703593/ball-milling-of-eggshell-waste-as-a-green-and-sustainable-approach-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Matej Baláž
Eggshell waste belongs to the most abundant natural waste in nature and is created in huge amounts by everyday consumption of eggs. The majority of this material is being discarded, despite the fact that it has multidisciplinary applications. In this review, the possibility of utilizing the method of ball milling to further broaden the application potential of this material is discussed. The particular application fields include the formation of nanophases, bioceramics synthesis, formation of composites and preparation of material with increased sorption ability...
April 17, 2018: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698068/pharmacokinetics-and-egg-residues-of-meloxicam-after-multiple-day-oral-dosing-in-domestic-chickens
#20
Marcy J Souza, Joan Bailey, Molly White, Kristen Gordon, Lillian Gerhardt, Sherry K Cox
With increased ownership of backyard poultry, veterinarians must treat these birds appropriately and take into consideration drug withdrawal times for eggs meant for consumption. Few studies have examined the pharmacokinetics or egg residues for medications commonly used in avian medicine. This study determined the pharmacokinetics of meloxicam in domestic chickens (n = 8) after oral dosing at 1 mg/kg q12h for a total of 9 doses (5 days). Additionally, the presence of meloxicam residues in eggs was determined...
March 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
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