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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433796/genetic-diversity-and-virulence-genes-of-salmonella-enterica-subspecies-enterica-serotype-enteritidis-isolated-from-meats-and-eggs
#1
Fatemeh Fardsanei, Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Masoumeh Douraghi, Taghi Zahraei Salehi, Mahmood Mahmoodi, Hamed Memariani, Farhad Nikkhahi
Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serotype Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) is one of the leading causes of food-borne gastroenteritis associated with the consumption of contaminated food products of animal origin. Little is known about the genetic diversity and virulence content of S. Enteritidis isolated from poultry meats and eggs in Iran. A total of 34 S. Enteritidis strains were collected from different food sources of animal origin in Tehran from May 2015 to July 2016. All of the S. Enteritidis strains were serotyped, antimicrobial susceptibility tested, and characterized for virulence genes...
April 19, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427323/detection-of-qtl-for-traits-related-to-adaptation-to-sub-optimal-climatic-conditions-in-chickens
#2
Ching-Yi Lien, Michèle Tixier-Boichard, Shih-Wen Wu, Woei-Fuh Wang, Chen Siang Ng, Chih-Feng Chen
BACKGROUND: Growth traits can be used as indicators of adaptation to sub-optimal conditions. The current study aimed at identifying quantitative trait loci (QTL) that control performance under variable temperature conditions in chickens. METHODS: An F2 population was produced by crossing the Taiwan Country chicken L2 line (selected for body weight, comb area, and egg production) with an experimental line of Rhode Island Red layer R- (selected for low residual feed consumption)...
April 20, 2017: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426415/detection-of-echinococcus-multilocularis-dna-in-fruit-vegetable-and-mushroom-samples-collected-in-the-non-endemic-territory-of-the-pomerania-province-and-comparison-of-the-results-with-data-from-rural-areas-of-the-neighbouring-highly-endemic-warmia-masuria
#3
Anna Lass, Beata Szostakowska, Przemyslaw Myjak, Krzysztof Korzeniewski
Echinococcus multilocularis is a tapeworm that may cause alveolar echinococcosis (AE), one of the most dangerous parasitic zoonoses. As in the case of some foodborne diseases, unwashed fruits and vegetables contaminated with eggs of E. multilocularis may serve as an important transmission route for this parasite. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of E. multilocularis DNA in fruit, vegetables, and mushrooms in rural areas of the Pomerania province, Poland (non-endemic territory). In total, 104 environmental fruit, vegetable, and mushroom samples collected in forests, plantations, and kitchen gardens were analysed using nested PCR based on the mitochondrial 12S rRNA gene...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423416/beauveria-bassiana-ascomycota-hypocreales-introduced-as-an-endophyte-in-corn-plants-and-its-effects-on-consumption-reproductive-capacity-and-food-preference-of-dichroplus-maculipennis-orthoptera-acrididae-melanoplinae
#4
Sebastian A Pelizza, Yanina Mariottini, Leticia M Russo, M Florencia Vianna, Ana C Scorsetti, Carlos E Lange
In this study, the effects of strain Beauveria bassiana (LPSC 1067) as an endophyte in corn plants on consumption, fecundity, and food preference of Dichroplus maculipennis were examined. We observed that the daily consumption by grasshoppers fed with control plants was almost twice that of those that were fed treated plants. Significant differences in fecundity of grasshoppers that were fed with treated plants compared with those that only fed on control plants were also observed. The number of eggs laid per female fed with control plants was 27...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405296/consumptive-and-nonconsumptive-effect-ratios-depend-on-interaction-between-plant-quality-and-hunting-behavior-of-omnivorous-predators
#5
Jörg G Stephan, Johan A Stenberg, Christer Björkman
Predators not only consume prey but exert nonconsumptive effects in form of scaring, consequently disturbing feeding or reproduction. However, how alternative food sources and hunting mode interactively affect consumptive and nonconsumptive effects with implications for prey fitness have not been addressed, impending functional understanding of such tritrophic interactions. With a herbivorous beetle, two omnivorous predatory bugs (plant sap as alternative food, contrasting hunting modes), and four willow genotypes (contrasting suitability for beetle/omnivore), we investigated direct and indirect effects of plant quality on the beetles key reproductive traits (oviposition rate, clutch size)...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397016/food-groups-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#6
Lukas Schwingshackl, Georg Hoffmann, Anna-Maria Lampousi, Sven Knüppel, Khalid Iqbal, Carolina Schwedhelm, Angela Bechthold, Sabrina Schlesinger, Heiner Boeing
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to synthesize the knowledge about the relation between intake of 12 major food groups and risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). We conducted a systematic search in PubMed, Embase, Medline (Ovid), Cochrane Central, and Google Scholar for prospective studies investigating the association between whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) on risk of T2D. Summary relative risks were estimated using a random effects model by contrasting categories, and for linear and non-linear dose-response relationships...
April 10, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396858/egg-consumption-and-incidence-of-heart-failure-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#7
Owais Khawaja, Hemindermeet Singh, Faraz Luni, Ameer Kabour, Syed S Ali, Mohammed Taleb, Hafeezuddin Ahmed, John Michael Gaziano, Luc Djoussé
INTRODUCTION: Heart failure (HF) remains a major health problem affecting 5.7 million adults in USA. Data on the association of egg consumption with incident HF have been inconsistent. We, therefore, conducted this meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies to assess the relation of egg consumption with incident HF in the general population. METHODS: Using extensive online search, we conducted a meta-analysis of new onset HF following exposure to egg consumption...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392166/legume-consumption-is-inversely-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-incidence-in-adults-a-prospective-assessment-from-the-predimed-study
#8
Nerea Becerra-Tomás, Andrés Díaz-López, Núria Rosique-Esteban, Emilio Ros, Pilar Buil-Cosiales, Dolores Corella, Ramon Estruch, Montserrat Fitó, Lluís Serra-Majem, Fernando Arós, Rosa Maria Lamuela-Raventós, Miquel Fiol, José Manuel Santos-Lozano, Javier Díez-Espino, Olga Portoles, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Legumes, a low-energy, nutrient-dense and low glycemic index food, have shown beneficial effects on glycemic control and adiposity. As such, legumes are widely recommended in diabetic diets, even though there is little evidence that their consumption protects against type 2 diabetes. Therefore the aim of the present study was to examine the associations between consumption of total legumes and specific subtypes, and type 2 diabetes risk. We also investigated the effect of theoretically substituting legumes for other protein- or carbohydrate-rich foods...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387721/dietary-sources-and-bioactivities-of-melatonin
#9
REVIEW
Xiao Meng, Ya Li, Sha Li, Yue Zhou, Ren-You Gan, Dong-Ping Xu, Hua-Bin Li
Insomnia is a serious worldwide health threat, affecting nearly one third of the general population. Melatonin has been reported to improve sleep efficiency and it was found that eating melatonin-rich foods could assist sleep. During the last decades, melatonin has been widely identified and qualified in various foods from fungi to animals and plants. Eggs and fish are higher melatonin-containing food groups in animal foods, whereas in plant foods, nuts are with the highest content of melatonin. Some kinds of mushrooms, cereals and germinated legumes or seeds are also good dietary sources of melatonin...
April 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377341/-a-machine-learning-model-using-gut-microbiome-data-for-predicting-changes-of-trimethylamine-n-oxide-in-healthy-volunteers-after-choline-consumption
#10
Jun-Qi Lu, Shan Wang, Jia Yin, Shan Wu, Yan He, Hui-Min Zheng, Hua-Fang Sheng, Hong-Wei Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To establish a machine learning model based on gut microbiota for predicting the level of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) metabolism in vivo after choline intake to provide guidance of individualized precision diet and evidence for screening population at high risks of cardiovascular disease. METHODS: We quantified plasma levels of TMAO in 18 healthy volunteers before and 8 h after a choline challenge (ingestion of two boiled eggs). The volunteers were divided into two groups with increased or decreased TMAO level following choline challenge...
March 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373254/link-between-healthy-lifestyle-and-psychological-well-being-in-lithuanian-adults-aged-45-72-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Laura Sapranaviciute-Zabazlajeva, Dalia Luksiene, Dalia Virviciute, Martin Bobak, Abdonas Tamosiunas
OBJECTIVE: This study uses a cross-sectional study design to analyse the connection between psychological well-being (PWB) and components of a healthy lifestyle in the Lithuanian population aged 45-72. The purpose of our study is to establish the links between PWB and lifestyle factors such as physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption and dietary patterns in people above the age of 44. PARTICIPANTS: A stratified sample of 10 940 urban citizens aged 45-72 years were randomly selected from the National Population Register...
April 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371733/human-exposure-to-pcdds-and-their-precursors-from-heron-and-tern-eggs-in-the-yangtze-river-delta-indicate-pcp-origin
#12
Yihui Zhou, Ge Yin, Lillemor Asplund, Kathryn Stewart, Panu Rantakokko, Anders Bignert, Päivi Ruokojärvi, Hannu Kiviranta, Yanling Qiu, Zhijun Ma, Åke Bergman
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) are highly toxic to humans and wildlife. In the present study, PCDD/Fs were analyzed in the eggs of whiskered terns (Chlidonias hybrida), and genetically identified eggs from black-crowned night herons (Nycticorax nycticorax) sampled from two lakes in the Yangtze River Delta area, China. The median toxic equivalent (TEQ) of PCDD/Fs were 280 (range: 95-1500) and 400 (range: 220-1100) pg TEQ g(-1) lw (WHO, 1998 for birds) in the eggs of black-crowned night heron and whiskered tern, respectively...
March 31, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359773/impact-of-egg-consumption-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-and-at-risk-for-developing-diabetes-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-nutritional-intervention-studies
#13
REVIEW
Caroline Richard, Lisa Cristall, Emily Fleming, Erin D Lewis, Maria Ricupero, René L Jacobs, Catherine J Field
Observational studies have reported inconclusive results regarding the relationship between egg consumption (and dietary cholesterol) and the risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in individuals with type 2 diabetes, which has led to inconsistent recommendations to patients. We reviewed the evidence of egg consumption on major CVD risk factors in individuals with or at risk for type 2 diabetes (prediabetes, insulin resistance or metabolic syndrome). We performed a systematic search in the databases PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Web of Science in January 2016...
March 27, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359368/egg-consumption-and-heart-health-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Zachary S Clayton, Elizabeth Fusco, Mark Kern
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Until recently, reducing dietary cholesterol has been a part of the American Heart Association (AHA) and American College of Cardiology (ACC) guidelines on lifestyle management, despite inconclusive evidence to support the recommendation. Considering eggs are a rich source of dietary cholesterol (typically containing 141-234 mg per egg), individuals with increased risk for CVD are advised not to consume eggs. Furthermore, based on the 2012 AHA/ACC guidelines, individuals with lower risk for CVD have previously been advised to avoid consuming eggs due to the high content of dietary cholesterol...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357976/household-dietary-diversity-vitamin-a-consumption-and-food-security-in-rural-tigray-ethiopia
#15
Rebecca J Schwei, Haile Tesfay, Frezer Asfaw, Wellington Jogo, Heidi Busse
OBJECTIVE: To describe: household dietary diversity across four zones in Ethiopia; the relationship between household dietary diversity and consumption of vitamin A-rich foods; and the relationship between household dietary diversity and food security status. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional survey. Data were collected using structured questionnaires in the local language. Household dietary diversity scores measured types of foods households consumed, and households were classified by food security status using a modified version of the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale...
March 30, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350345/time-trends-and-patterns-of-reported-egg-consumption-in-the-u-s-by-sociodemographic-characteristics
#16
Zach Conrad, LuAnn K Johnson, James N Roemmich, WenYen Juan, Lisa Jahns
Eggs have the potential to contribute essential nutrients to nutritionally vulnerable populations on limited food budgets. Further research is needed to better understand patterns of egg consumption across diverse sociodemographic groups in order to inform clinical practice to improve nutrient adequacy. Data on demographics and egg intake of 29,694 U.S. adults were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2012. The National Cancer Institute's usual intake methodology was used to estimate the distribution of egg intake...
March 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341290/the-cessation-of-breathing-in-the-chicken-embryo-during-cold-hypometabolism
#17
Ryoji Ide, Satoko Tomita Ide, Jacopo P Mortola
The avian embryo toward end-incubation combines gas exchange through the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) and pulmonary ventilation (V˙E). The main experiments examined breathing activity during cold-hypometabolism. Chicken embryos close to hatching were prepared for simultaneous measurements of oxygen consumption ( [Formula: see text] ) and carbon dioxide production ( [Formula: see text] ; open-flow methodology) and breathing frequency (f; barometric technique). As ambient (Ta) and egg temperature (Tegg) dropped, breathing eventually ceased at ∼18°C, when [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] were 22-28% of the normothermic values...
March 21, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337477/heating-has-no-effect-on-the-net-protein-utilisation-from-egg-whites-in-rats
#18
Ryosuke Matsuoka, Yayoi Takahashi, Mamoru Kimura, Yasunobu Masuda, Masaaki Kunou
Egg whites (EW) are a good source of protein; however, they are typically heated prior to consumption. Therefore, we investigated the effects of different heating conditions on the protein utilisation rate of EW. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 36, 198 ± 1 g) were divided into six groups and fed American Institute of Nutrition-76 chow containing unheated EW, soft-boiled EW, boiled EW, milk whey protein, soybean protein, or no protein over a 10-day period using pair-feeding. Urine and faeces were sampled daily beginning on day 5 to measure nitrogen content and the net protein utilisation (NPU) rate...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334386/effects-of-xylem-sap-composition-on-glassy-winged-sharpshooter-hemiptera-cicadellidae-egg-maturation-on-high-and-low-quality-host-plants
#19
Mark S Sisterson, Christopher M Wallis, Drake C Stenger
Glassy-winged sharpshooters must feed as adults to produce mature eggs. Cowpea and sunflower are both readily accepted by the glassy-winged sharpshooter for feeding, but egg production on sunflower was reported to be lower than egg production on cowpea. To better understand the role of adult diet in egg production, effects of xylem-sap chemistry on glassy-winged sharpshooter egg maturation was compared for females confined to cowpea and sunflower. Females confined to cowpea consumed more xylem-sap than females held on sunflower...
April 1, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334106/economic-injury-level-and-demography-based-control-timing-projection-of-spodoptera-litura-lepidoptera-noctuidae-at-different-growth-stages-of-arachis-hypogaea
#20
Shu-Jen Tuan, Chung-Chieh Lee, Li-Chen Tang, Pavel Saska
Spodoptera litura (F.), one of the most devastating pests in many Asian countries, is normally controlled by relying on chemical insecticides. To encourage an integrated pest management approach, we determined the economic injury level (EIL) for S. litura on peanut, Arachis hypogaea L., by larval infestation with late instars at different crop growth stages. The cumulative consumption rate of the fifth- and sixth-instars was used as the relative unit for the "Spodoptera injury equivalent" (SIE). The yield of marketable pods significantly decreased from 6...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
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