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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926597/altered-embryonic-development-in-northern-bobwhite-quail-colinus-virginianus-induced-by-pre-incubation-oscillatory-thermal-stresses-mimicking-global-warming-predictions
#1
Kelly S Reyna, Warren W Burggren
Global warming is likely to alter reproductive success of ground-nesting birds that lay eggs normally left unattended for days or even weeks before actual parental incubation, especially in already warm climates. The native North American bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) is such a species, and pre-incubation quail eggs may experience temperatures ≥45°C. Yet, almost nothing is known about embryonic survival after such high pre-incubation temperatures. Freshly laid bobwhite quail eggs were exposed during a 12 day pre-incubation period to one of five thermal regimes: low oscillating temperatures (25-40°C, mean = 28...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913823/dietary-patterns-as-a-red-flag-for-higher-risk-of-eating-disorders-among-female-teenagers-with-and-without-type-i-diabetes-mellitus-adolescents-with-type-i-diabetes-mellitus-are-a-risk-factor-for-eating-disorders-a-case-control-study
#2
Ruth Bartelli Grigolon, Karin Louise Lenz Dunker, Mireille Coelho Almeida, Denise Claudino Achôa, Angélica Medeiros Claudino
BACKGROUND: Female adolescents with type I diabetes mellitus (TIDM) have an increased risk of developing eating disorders (ED) due to the dietary recommendations. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the association between dietary intake and increased risk of ED. METHODS: Case-control study with 50 T1DM female adolescents (11-16 years) and 100 healthy peers (CG). Measures included food frequency questionnaire (FFQ-PP), Child-EDE.12, economic and anthropometric data...
September 14, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904802/analytical-study-of-226-ra-activity-concentration-in-market-consuming-foodstuffs-of-ramsar-iran
#3
M Gooniband Shooshtari, M R Deevband, M R Kardan, N Fathabadi, A A Salehi, K Naddafi, M Yunesian, R Nabizadeh Nodehi, M Karimi, S S Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Ramsar, a city of Iran located on the coast of the Caspian Sea, has been considered to be enormously important due to its high natural radioactivity levels. People living in High Level Natural Radiation Areas (HLNRAs) have been exposed by several sources, one of which could be foodstuff. However, many studies have been carried out to measure the environmental radioactivity in Ramsar, but no survey has been conducted in all stapled consumed foods yet. This study was dedicated to determine (226)Ra activity concentration in the daily diets of Ramsar residents as a probable exposure...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889029/veterinary-antibiotics-in-food-drinking-water-and-the-urine-of-preschool-children-in-hong-kong
#4
Na Li, Keith W K Ho, Guang-Guo Ying, Wen-Jing Deng
Due to the harmful effects of veterinary antibiotics (VAs) residues in food on children's health, urine samples from 31 preschool and primary school children were analyzed for 13 common VAs. Samples of raw and cooked pork, chicken, fish, milk and drinking water from the children's living areas were also analyzed for residual VAs. Urinalysis revealed one to four target antibiotics in 77.4% of the sample group, with concentrations as high as 0.36ng/mL. Norfloxacin and penicillin had the highest detection rates (48...
September 7, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885553/deviation-of-chinese-adults-diet-from-the-chinese-food-pagoda-2016-and-its-association-with-adiposity
#5
Xu Tian, Yingying Huang, Hui Wang
Changing diet in China contributes to a raising prevalence of overweight and obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the dietary status of Chinese adults (20-59 years old) using the China Food Pagoda (CFP) proposed in the Chinese Dietary Guidelines 2016 (CDG), and investigate the association between adiposity and deviation of real diet from CFP using an ordered logistic regression. Results showed that the consumption of fruits, eggs, meat, and poultry increased significantly during 2004-2011, while the consumption of cereal, potatoes, and beans dropped down significantly during the same period (all p < 0...
September 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884433/oviposition-inhibitor-in-umbelliferous-medicinal-plants-for-the-common-yellow-swallowtail-papilio-machaon
#6
Chisato Morino, Yusuke Morita, Kazuki Minami, Yuto Nishidono, Yoshitaka Nakashima, Rika Ozawa, Junji Takabayashi, Naoaki Ono, Shigehiko Kanaya, Takayuki Tamura, Yasuhiro Tezuka, Ken Tanaka
Umbelliferous medicinal plants, such as Angelica acutiloba Kitagawa and Angelica dahurica Bentham et Hooker filius ex Franchet et Savatier, account for a large percentage of crude drug consumption in Japan. The most serious problem in the cultivation of umbelliferous medicinal plants is the feeding damage caused by the common yellow swallowtail (Papilio machaon hippocrates C. & R. Felder, 1864). When we compared the numbers of eggs laid by P. machaon on six umbelliferous medicinal plants, the eggs on A. acutiloba, A...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878172/dietary-protein-consumption-and-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#7
Shuang Tian, Qian Xu, Ruyue Jiang, Tianshu Han, Changhao Sun, Lixin Na
Recently, some studies have focused on the relationship between dietary protein intake and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but the conclusions have been inconsistent. Therefore, in this paper, a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies regarding protein consumption and T2DM risk are conducted in order to present the association between them. We searched the PubMed and Embase databases for cohort studies on dietary protein, high-protein food consumption and risk of T2DM, up to July 2017...
September 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877166/potential-of-pest-regulation-by-insectivorous-birds-in-mediterranean-woody-crops
#8
José M Rey Benayas, Jorge Meltzer, Daniel de Las Heras-Bravo, Luis Cayuela
Regulation of agricultural pests managing their natural enemies represents an alternative to chemical pesticides. We assessed the potential of insectivorous birds as pest regulators in woody crops located in central Spain. A total of 417 nest boxes installed in five field study sites (one vineyard, two fruit orchards, and two olive groves) were monitored for use and breeding of insectivorous birds and other species for four consecutive years (2013-2016). At all field sites except the two olive groves, where birds never occupied the nest boxes, predation experiments were conducted with Greater wax moth (Galleria mellonella) sentinel caterpillars, and food consumption by birds was estimated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873672/recent-advances-in-the-identification-and-authentication-methods-of-edible-bird-s-nest
#9
REVIEW
Ting Hun Lee, Waseem A Wani, Yin Shin Koay, Supparmaniam Kavita, Eddie Ti Tjih Tan, Sheikh Shreaz
Edible bird's nest (EBN) is an expensive animal bioproduct due to its reputation as a food and delicacy with diverse medicinal properties. One kilogram of EBN costs ~$6000 in China. EBN and its products are consumed in mostly Asian countries such as China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam and Thailand, making up almost 1/3 of world population. The rapid growth in EBN consumption has led to a big rise in the trade scale of its global market. Presently, various fake materials such as tremella fungus, pork skin, karaya gum, fish swimming bladder, jelly, agar, monosodium glutamate and egg white are used to adulterate EBNs for earning extra profits...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865141/hen-s-egg-allergen-in-house-and-bed-dust-is-significantly-increased-after-hen-s-egg-consumption-a-pilot-study
#10
Valérie Trendelenburg, Sebastian Tschirner, Bodo Niggemann, Kirsten Beyer
Environmental exposure to food allergens may be a risk factor for cutaneous sensitization. Previous studies could detect peanut allergen in house dust. In this pilot study, we wanted to investigate whether hen's egg allergen is detectable in house dust collected from different household areas and whether levels are increased after intentional hen's egg consumption. Hen's egg protein levels of dust samples were measured using ELISA. In 8/8 households, hen's egg was detectable in dust samples of eating area and bed...
September 2, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858792/joint-machine-learning-and-game-theory-for-rate-control-in-high-efficiency-video-coding
#11
Wei Gao, Sam Kwong, Yuheng Jia
In this paper, a joint machine learning and game theory modeling (MLGT) framework is proposed for inter frame coding tree unit (CTU) level bit allocation and rate control (RC) optimization in High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC). First, a support vector machine (SVM) based multi-classification scheme is proposed to improve the prediction accuracy of CTU-level Rate-Distortion (R-D) model. The legacy "chicken-and-egg" dilemma in video coding is proposed to be overcome by the learning-based R-D model. Second, a mixed R-D model based cooperative bargaining game theory is proposed for bit allocation optimization, where the convexity of the mixed R-D model based utility function is proved, and Nash bargaining solution (NBS) is achieved by the proposed iterative solution search method...
August 25, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854755/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-provided-during-embryonic-development-improve-the-growth-performance-and-welfare-of-muscovy-ducks-cairina-moschata
#12
E Baéza, P Chartrin, T Bordeau, M Lessire, J M Thoby, V Gigaud, M Blanchet, A Alinier, C Leterrier
The welfare of ducks can be affected by unwanted behaviors such as excessive reactivity and feather pecking. Providing long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFA) during gestation and early life has been shown to improve the brain development and function of human and rodent offspring. The aim of this study was to test whether the pecking behavior of Muscovy ducks during rearing could be reduced by providing LC n-3 PUFA during embryonic and/or post-hatching development of ducklings. Enrichment of eggs, and consequently embryos, with LC n-3 PUFA was achieved by feeding female ducks (n-3F) a diet containing docosahexaenoic (DHA) and linolenic acids (microalgae and linseed oil)...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846645/vitamin-d-sufficiency-of-canadian-children-did-not-improve-following-the-2010-revision-of-the-dietary-guidelines-that-recommend-higher-intake-of-vitamin-d-an-analysis-of-the-canadian-health-measures-survey
#13
Lalani L Munasinghe, Noreen D Willows, Yan Yuan, John Paul Ekwaru, Paul J Veugelers
In 2010, the dietary guidelines for vitamin D for Canadians and Americans aged 1-70 years were revised upward. It is unknown whether the vitamin D status of Canadian children improved after 2010. We compared the prevalence of vitamin D sufficiency (25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration of ≥50 nmol/L), 25(OH)D concentration and the frequency of consuming vitamin D-rich foods among children aged 6-18 years-old using data from the nationally representative 2007/2009 and 2012/2013 Canadian Health Measures Surveys...
August 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842947/protective-effects-of-egg-stalk-of-paratrioza-sinica-hemiptera-psyllidae-at-various-angles-and-spacing-against-three-predaceous-coccinellids-harmonia-axyridis-coccinella-septempunctata-and-hippodamia-variegata-coleoptera-coccinellidae
#14
Pengxiang Wu, Baoxu Ma, Shuo Yan, Jing Xu, Jia He, Rong Zhang, Runzhi Zhang
BACKGROUND: Paratrioza sinica, is a major pest of wolfberries. Coccinellids could effectively control various developmental stages of P. sinica damage except the stalked egg. To analyze the protective role of egg stalks against predaceous coccinellids, Harmonia axyridis, Coccinella septempunctata and Hippodamia variegata, we studied the functional responses and effects of two potential factors: the angle between egg stalk and leaf plane, and the spacing between egg stalks. RESULTS: The searching rate, handling time and theoretical maximum egg consumption of H...
August 26, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837261/detection-of-free-oxygen-and-water-vapour-in-fertilized-and-unfertilized-eggs-by-diode-laser-spectroscopy-exploration-of-diagnostics-possibilities
#15
Wansha Li, Huiying Lin, Hao Zhang, Katarina Svanberg, Sune Svanberg
Non-intrusive methods for characterizing food products are of increasing interest related to the greater awareness of food safety issues. Hen eggs are an important part in food consumption in most parts of the world. We have investigated an optical method utilizing tunable diode lasers for monitoring free gas in eggs. We show that oxygen signals, recorded around 760 nm, increase steadily as eggs become older. Further, we investigated fertilized eggs, which show a quite different temporal behavior during the hatching time...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820445/choline-intake-and-its-food-sources-in-the-diet-of-romanian-kindergarten-children
#16
Cristian Reinhard Prelicz, Lucia Maria Lotrean
The objective of this study is to assess the usual intake and food sources of choline in a group of Romanian kindergarten children. A cross-sectional study was performed among 71 children aged 4-6 years from four kindergartens from Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Dietary intake data were collected by means of three-day food records. The mean (SD) daily intake of choline was 215 (32) mg/day, 22.5% of the participants fulfilling the adequate intake (AI) for children 4-6 years of age of 250 mg of choline per day. The main food sources were meat (mainly poultry), eggs, grains, cereals, and baked products (mainly bread), and dairy products (mainly milk)...
August 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816210/dietary-deficiency-of-vitamin-a-among-rural-children-a-community-based-survey-using-a-food-frequency-questionnaire
#17
Shivali Suri, Dinesh Kumar, Ranjan Das
BACKGROUND: Overt vitamin A deficiency has been controlled in most parts of India, but prevalence of subclinical deficiency may still be high, which may enhance susceptibility to infections, reduce growth potential and also lead to higher mortality. We aimed to: (i) assess the consumption pattern of vitamin A-rich foods in children 1-5 years of age in rural Jammu; and (ii) estimate the dietary deficiency of vitamin A leading to risk of subclinical vitamin A deficiency in cluster- villages of the study area...
March 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815991/functional-response-and-multiple-predator-effects-of-two-generalist-predators-preying-on-tuta-absoluta-eggs
#18
Georgios Michaelides, Spyros Sfenthourakis, Maria Pitsillou, Nicos Seraphides
BACKROUND: Interactions among invertebrate predators could affect a pest suppression. The hemipteran species Macrolophus pygmaeus (Rambur) and Nesidiocoris tenuis (Reuter) (Hemiptera: Miridae) are natural enemies of several pests in agroecosystems and coexist in tomato crops in Mediterranean countries. By using the multiplicative risk model (MRM) and the substitutive model, the multiple predator effects (MPEs) on prey suppression was calculated when two individuals of the predators foraged at the same densities of the South American tomato pinworm, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), eggs...
August 16, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815990/trade-patterns-facilitating-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-virus-dissemination-in-the-free-grazing-layer-duck-system-in-vietnam
#19
A Meyer, T X Dinh, T A Han, D V Do, T V Nhu, L T Pham, T T T Nguyen, S Newman, B Häsler, D U Pfeiffer, T Vergne
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses continue to threaten smallholder poultry producers in several South-east Asian countries, including Vietnam. In particular, the free-grazing duck system has been repeatedly highlighted as a major risk factor for HPAI outbreaks. Free-grazing ducks, which scavenge on rice paddies after the harvest, account for a large proportion of the duck population in Vietnam and the wider South-east Asian region. However, the structure and dynamics of the free-grazing duck production from farm to consumption has not been described for Vietnam...
August 16, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811735/asian-american-dietary-sources-of-sodium-and-salt-behaviors-compared-with-other-racial-ethnic-groups-nhanes-2011-2012
#20
Melanie J Firestone, Jeannette M Beasley, Simona C Kwon, Jiyoung Ahn, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Stella S Yi
OBJECTIVE: Asian Americans consume more sodium than other racial/ethnic groups. The purpose of this analysis was to describe major sources of sodium intake to inform sodium reduction initiatives. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on adults (aged >18 years) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2012 with one 24-hour dietary recall were analyzed (n=5,076). Population proportions were calculated from "What We Eat in America" (WWEIA) food categories...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
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