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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918906/diet-and-the-risk-of-head-and-neck-cancer-among-never-smokers-and-smokers-in-a-chinese-population
#1
Carrie Butler, Yuan-Chin Amy Lee, Shuang Li, Qian Li, Chien-Jen Chen, Wan-Lun Hsu, Pen-Jen Lou, Cairong Zhu, Jian Pan, Hongbing Shen, Hongxia Ma, Lin Cai, Baochang He, Yu Wang, Xiaoyan Zhou, Qinghai Ji, Baosen Zhou, Wei Wu, Jie Ma, Paolo Boffetta, Zuo-Feng Zhang, Min Dai, Mia Hashibe
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted in China to investigate the association between diet and the risk of head-and-neck cancer (HNC). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between diet and HNC risk in the Chinese population and to examine whether smoking status has any effect on the risk. METHODS: Our multicenter case-control study included 921 HNC cases and 806 controls. We obtained information on the frequency of both animal- and plant-based food consumption...
December 2, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918412/eggs-and-health-special-issue
#2
EDITORIAL
Maria Luz Fernandez
In 1968, the American Heart Association recommended the consumption of no more than 300 mg/day of dietary cholesterol and emphasized that no more than 3 eggs should be eaten per week, resulting in substantial reductions in egg consumption, not just by diseased populations but alsobyhealthyindividuals,andmoreimportantlybypoorcommunitiesinundevelopedcountieswho were advised against consuming a highly nutritious food.[...].
December 2, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917847/poultry-products-enriched-with-nutricines-have-beneficial-effects-on-human-health
#3
Gordana Kralik, Zlata Kralik
The paper presents nutritive value of broiler meat and table eggs, as these animal products are used for human nutrition on a daily basis. In the Republic of Croatia, average consumption of poultry meat amounts to 18.3 kg and to 160 eggs per capita.The most quality parts of broiler carcass are breasts and drumsticks with thighs. Breast muscles contain 21-23% protein, 1.90-1.97% fat, 75.28-76.01% water and 0.74-0.77% collagen. Thigh muscles contain 4.70-6.05% fat, 19.03-19.93% protein and 0.91-1.13% collagen...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915134/metabolic-and-reproductive-plasticity-of-core-and-marginal-populations-of-the-eurythermic-saline-water-bug-sigara-selecta-hemiptera-corixidae-in-a-climate-change-context
#4
J A Carbonell, D T Bilton, P Calosi, A Millán, A Stewart, J Velasco
Ongoing climate change is driving dramatic range shifts in diverse taxa worldwide, and species responses to global change are likely to be determined largely by population responses at geographical range margins. Here we investigate the metabolic and reproductive plasticity in response to water temperature and salinity variation of two populations of the eurythermic saline water bug Sigara selecta: one population located close to the northern edge of its distribution, in a relatively cold, thermally stable region (SE England - 'marginal'), and one close to the range centre, in a warmer and more thermally variable Mediterranean climate (SE Spain - 'core')...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914350/phosphorus-flows-in-a-peri-urban-region-with-intensive-food-production-a-case-study
#5
S Bittman, S C Sheppard, D Poon, D E Hunt
Excess phosphorus (P) in peri-urban regions is an emerging issue, whereas there is global depletion of quality mined supplies of P. The flow of P across the landscape leading to regional surpluses and deficits is not well understood. We computed a regional P budget with internal P flows in a fairly discreet peri-urban region (Lower Fraser Valley, BC) with closely juxtaposed agricultural and non-agricultural urban ecosystems, in order to clarify the relationship between food production, food consumption and other activities involving use of P (e...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895270/dicrocoelium-dendriticum-an-unusual-parasitological-diagnosis-in-a-reference-international-health-unit
#6
Zaira Moure, Francesc Zarzuela, Mateu Espasa, Diana Pou, Nuria Serre-Delcor, Begoña Treviño, Cristina Bocanegra, Israel Molina, Tomas Pumarola, Elena Sulleiro
Finding Dicrocoelium dendriticum eggs in human feces is exceptional and there are few prevalence data available. True infection occurs after accidental ingestion of ants containing metacercariae and spurious infection through the consumption of infected animal liver. Differential diagnosis between true and pseudo-infections is performed through stool examination after a diet free of liver. In addition, microscopy can help to differentiate the type of infection. We report six cases, all from sub-Saharan Africa, detection of this fluke at the Tropical Medicine Unit Vall d'Hebron-Drassanes (Barcelona, Spain)...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894883/incubation-relative-humidity-induces-renal-morphological-and-physiological-remodeling-in-the-embryo-of-the-chicken-gallus-gallus-domesticus
#7
Greta Bolin, Benjamin Dubansky, Warren W Burggren
The metanephric kidneys of the chicken embryo, along with the chorioallantoic membrane, process water and ions to maintain osmoregulatory homeostasis. We hypothesized that changes in relative humidity (RH) and thus osmotic conditions during embryogenesis would alter the developmental trajectory of embryonic kidney function. White leghorn chicken eggs were incubated at one of 25-30% relative humidity, 55-60% relative humidity, and 85-90% relative humidity. Embryos were sampled at days 10, 12, 14, 16, and 18 to examine embryo and kidney mass, glomerular characteristics, body fluid osmolalities, hematological properties, and whole embryo oxygen consumption...
November 25, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892879/cytokine-activation-during-embryonic-development-and-in-hen-ovary-and-vagina-during-reproductive-age-and-salmonella-infection
#8
M Anastasiadou, G Michailidis
Salmonellosis is one of the most important zoonotic diseases and is usually associated with consumption of Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) contaminated poultry meat or eggs. Contamination with SE is usually the result of infection of the digestive tract, or reproductive organs, especially the ovary and vagina. Thus, knowledge of endogenous innate immune mechanisms operating in the ovary and vagina of hen is an emerging aspect of reproductive physiology. Cytokines are key factors for triggering the immune response and inflammation in chicken to Salmonella infection...
September 28, 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886036/prevalence-assessment-and-antimicrobial-resistance-patterns-of-salmonella-from-raw-chicken-eggs-in-haramaya-ethiopia
#9
Jelalu Kemal, Berhanu Sibhat, Sissay Menkir, Desta Beyene
INTRODUCTION: The presence of antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella in poultry and poultry products, including eggs, is a global public health concern. This study aimed to estimate the levels and patterns of antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella from chicken eggs and assess consumers' raw egg consumption and farmers' handling practices. METHODOLOGY: A total of 300 egg samples were collected from Haramaya open market (n = 150) and Haramaya University poultry farm (n = 150) in Ethiopia...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884471/polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-pbdes-and-hexa-brominated-biphenyls-hexa-bbs-in-fresh-foods-ingested-in-taiwan
#10
Jung-Wei Chang, Chung-Feng Hung, Ya-Chen Hsu, Yi-Ting Kao, Ching-Chang Lee
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and hexa-brominated biphenyls (Hexa-BBs) are bioaccumulative and aggregate in the food chain. Therefore, background monitoring and risk assessment for dietary intake are necessary. In present study, a systematic sampling method was first used to collect the high fat content foodstuff such as poultry, livestock, eggs, fish, other seafood, dairy products, and the infant foods and then foodstuff with high consumption in seven categories of 600 food samples. After integrating four years of background surveys of PBDE levels (2010-2013) and one year of that of Hexa-BBs (2013), the highest estimated daily intake (EDI) of PBDEs for Taiwanese food consumption was found in 0- to 3-year-olds (mean = 9...
January 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884138/household-dietary-diversity-and-animal-source-food-consumption-in-ethiopia-evidence-from-the-2011-welfare-monitoring-survey
#11
Abdulhalik Workicho, Tefera Belachew, Garumma Tolu Feyissa, Beyene Wondafrash, Carl Lachat, Roosmarijn Verstraeten, Patrick Kolsteren
BACKGROUND: It is imperative to track dietary quality and progress in nutritional outcomes in a population to develop timely interventions. Dietary diversity is a commonly used proxy to assess dietary quality in low-income countries. This study identified predictors of household dietary diversity in Ethiopia and pattern of consumption of animal source food (ASF) among households. METHODS: Secondary data were analyzed from the 2011 Ethiopian Welfare Monitoring Survey (WMS)...
November 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878486/assessment-of-questionnaire-based-pcb-exposure-focused-on-food-frequency-in-birth-cohorts-in-japan
#12
Akifumi Eguchi, Masae Otake, Masamichi Hanazato, Norimichi Suzuki, Yoshiharu Matsuno, Hiroko Nakaoka, Emiko Todaka, Chisato Mori
We investigated the relationship between food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) responses and serum polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) levels of mothers and fathers recruited from the Chiba Regional Center, which is one of the 15 regional centers of the Japan Environment and Children's Study (mothers: n = 1477, fathers: n = 219). The expected PCB values were estimated from the participants' FFQ answers and medical records (age, body mass index and number of deliveries). Based on the stepwise forward selection results of Bayesian regression models, age and fish and egg consumption were positively associated with PCB concentrations and a number of deliveries were negatively associated with PCB concentrations in mothers, whereas only age was positively associated with PCB concentrations in fathers...
November 22, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869499/capsaicinoids-improve-egg-production-by-regulating-ovary-nuclear-transcription-factors-against-heat-stress-in-quail
#13
N Sahin, C Orhan, M Tuzcu, V Juturu, K Sahin
1. To examine the molecular mechanism of capsaicinoid supplementation from Capsicum extract, laying Japanese quail (n=180, 5 weeks old) were reared either at 22(o)C for 24 h/d (thermoneutral, TN) or 34(o)C for 8 h/d (heat stress, HS) and fed on one of three diets containing 0, 25 or 50 mg of capsaicinoids per kg for 12 weeks (2x3 factorial arrangement). 2. The results revealed that exposure to HS decreased feed consumption by 10.7% and egg production by 13.6%, increased serum and ovary malondialdehyde (MDA) levels by 66...
November 21, 2016: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866480/consumption-of-nutritional-pellets-with-duddingtonia-flagrans-fungal-chlamydospores-reduces-infective-nematode-larvae-of-haemonchus-contortus-in-faeces-of-saint-croix-lambs
#14
L Aguilar-Marcelino, P Mendoza-de-Gives, G Torres-Hernández, M E López-Arellano, C M Becerril-Pérez, A Orihuela-Trujillo, J F J Torres-Acosta, A Olmedo-Juárez
Two groups of six Haemonchus contortus infected Saint Croix lambs each received different diets for 11 weeks: control group, commercial food, molasses and lucerne hay; and treated group, nutritional pellets (NPs) containing Duddingtonia flagrans at 2 × 106 chlamydospores/kg body weight (BW), sorghum and lucerne hay. Mean BW gain (BWG), body condition score (BCS) and packed cell volume (PCV) and also eggs/g of faeces (EPG) and recovered L3 were compared using a repeated measures across time model. Groups had similar BWG (control 139...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865120/polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-pbdes-in-great-lakes-fish-levels-patterns-trends-and-implications-for-human-exposure
#15
Nilima Gandhi, Sarah B Gewurtz, Ken G Drouillard, Terry Kolic, Karen MacPherson, Eric J Reiner, Satyendra P Bhavsar
Levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were measured in edible portions of Great Lakes fish, with the goal of examining patterns/trends and evaluating implications for human exposure. A total of 470 fillets of 18 fish species collected from various parts of the Canadian waters of the Great Lakes between 2006 and 2013 were analyzed for 17 (expanded to 33 in 2009) PBDEs. For a limited number of species, fillet to whole body and fillet to eggs PBDEs were compared to examine pattern and concentration among tissue types...
November 16, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854336/what-we-know-about-the-public-s-level-of-concern-for-farm-animal-welfare-in-food-production-in-developed-countries
#16
REVIEW
Amelia Cornish, David Raubenheimer, Paul McGreevy
Population growth and rising consumption of meat, dairy, eggs and fish are forcing the world to face the intersecting challenges of how to sustainably feed a population expected to exceed 9 billion by 2050, while also controlling the impact of food production on the planet, on people and on animals. This review acknowledges the absence of a globally accepted definition of animal welfare and then explores the literature regarding different levels of concern for animal welfare in food production by such stakeholders as veterinarians, farmers, and the general public...
November 16, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853118/traditional-living-habits-of-the-taz-tundra-population-a-paleoparasitological-study
#17
Sergey Mikhailovich Slepchenko, Sergey Nikolaevich Ivanov, Bagashev Anatoly Nikolaevich, Tsybankov Alexander Alekseevich, Slavinsky Vyacheslav Sergeyevich
An excavation of the Vesakoyakha II-IV and Nyamboyto I burial grounds was conducted during the 2014 field season, and soil samples from intact burials dating from the 19th and 20th centuries, respectively, were analyzed to determine interactions between parasites and host/vectors. Considering the discovery of Diphyllobothrium sp. and Taenia sp. eggs in soil samples from the pelvic region, diphyllobothriasis was the most frequent helminthic infection among the Taz Nenets. The Nyamboyto Nenets mainly consumed uncooked fish, while the Vesakoyakha Nenets had a bigger variety in food choices, including reindeer meat...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851788/dietary-information-improves-model-performance-and-predictive-ability-of-a-noninvasive-type-2-diabetes-risk-model
#18
Tianshu Han, Shuang Tian, Li Wang, Xi Liang, Hongli Cui, Shanshan Du, Guanqiong Na, Lixin Na, Changhao Sun
There is no diabetes risk model that includes dietary predictors in Asia. We sought to develop a diet-containing noninvasive diabetes risk model in Northern China and to evaluate whether dietary predictors can improve model performance and predictive ability. Cross-sectional data for 9,734 adults aged 20-74 years old were used as the derivation data, and results obtained for a cohort of 4,515 adults with 4.2 years of follow-up were used as the validation data. We used a logistic regression model to develop a diet-containing noninvasive risk model...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837116/predicting-hairline-fractures-in-eggs-of-mature-hens
#19
S van Mourik, B P G J Alders, F Helderman, L J F van de Ven, P W G Groot Koerkamp
Eggshell damage poses a serious problem for the consumption egg industry. Increasing the maximum age of laying hens will increase eggshell damage due to loss of shell strength. This poses a serious problem for automatic collection, packing, and transport. We performed a model based study focused on hairline fractures in eggs of 88-week-old hens, and simulated side collisions on 1,235 eggs using a specially designed pendulum. The kinetic energy at the moment of impact was related to the accelerations measured by an electronic egg going through the transport chain...
November 11, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822320/sustainable-smallholder-poultry-interventions-to-promote-food-security-and-social-agricultural-and-ecological-resilience-in-the-luangwa-valley-zambia
#20
Sarah E Dumas, Luke Lungu, Nathan Mulambya, Whiteson Daka, Erin McDonald, Emily Steubing, Tamika Lewis, Katherine Backel, Jarra Jange, Benjamin Lucio-Martinez, Dale Lewis, Alexander J Travis
In Zambia's Luangwa Valley, highly variable rainfall and lack of education, agricultural inputs, and market access constrain agricultural productivity, trapping smallholder farmers in chronic poverty and food insecurity. Human and animal disease (e.g. HIV and Newcastle Disease, respectively), further threaten the resilience of poor families. To cope with various shocks and stressors, many farmers employ short-term coping strategies that threaten ecosystem resilience. Community Markets for Conservation (COMACO) utilizes an agribusiness model to alleviate poverty and food insecurity through conservation farming, market development and value-added food production...
June 2016: Food Security
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