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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737099/concentrations-and-human-health-risk-assessment-of-ddt-and-its-metabolites-in-free-range-and-commercial-chicken-products-from-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#1
L A Thompson, Y Ikenaka, Y B Yohannes, J J van Vuren, V Wepener, N J Smit, W S Darwish, S M M Nakayama, H Mizukawa, M Ishizuka
Organochlorine pesticides such as dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) have been used in agriculture and for disease control purposes over many decades. Reports suggest that DDT exposure may result in a number of adverse effects in humans. In the KwaZulu-Natal Province of South Africa, DDT is sprayed annually in homes (indoor residual spraying) to control the mosquito vector of malaria. In the northern part of the Province, samples of free-range chicken meat (n = 48) and eggs (n = 13), and commercially-produced chicken meat (n = 6) and eggs (n = 11) were collected and analysed...
July 24, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729649/effects-of-single-and-combined-applications-of-entomopathogenic-fungi-and-nematodes-against-rhynchophorus-ferrugineus-olivier
#2
Waqas Wakil, Muhammad Yasin, David Shapiro-Ilan
This study was carried out to investigate the insecticidal properties of Beauveria bassiana, Metarhizium anisopliae and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora for their virulence against different larval instars of Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier). Both fungi were either applied alone or in combination, with H. bacteriophora simultaneously or 1 and 2 weeks after fungal application; EPN were also applied alone. Moreover, assessment of host development, diet consumption, frass production and weight gain were observed at sub-lethal dose rates...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728358/tropical-plant-supplementation-effects-on-the-performance-and-parasite-burden-of-goats
#3
Juan Jose Romero, Miguel Augusto Zarate, Ibukun M Ogunade, Kathy G Arriola, Adegbola Tolulope Adesogan
Objective: Examine the effects of supplementing bahiagrass hay (BG) with potentially anthelmintic quantities of hays of perennial peanut (PEA) or sericea lespedeza (LES) or seeds of velvet bean (MUC) or papaya (PAP) on the intake and nutritive value (Experiment 1), and the performance and parasite burden (Experiment 2) of goats. Methods: In experiment 1, 38 male goats (27.4 ± 5.7 kg BW) were randomly assigned to each of 5 treatments: 1) BG alone and BG plus 2) PEA; 3) LES; 4) MUC; and 5) PAP...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701752/suppression-of-vamp2-alters-morphology-of-the-tegument-and-affects-glucose-uptake-development-and-reproduction-of-schistosoma-japonicum
#4
Qian Han, Bingguang Jia, Yang Hong, Xiaodan Cao, Qi Zhai, Ke Lu, Hao Li, Chuangang Zhu, Zhiqiang Fu, Yonghong Shi, Jiaojiao Lin
Schistosomiasis caused by schsitosomes is a serious global public health concern. The tegument that surrounds the worm is critical to the schistosomes survival. The tegument apical membrane undergoes a continuous process of rupture and repair owing to membranous vacuoles fusing with the plasma membrane. Vesicle-associated membrane protein 2 (VAMP2), a member of soluble N-ethylmaleimide sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNAREs) is required for membrane fusion. Here, we used RNA interference (RNAi) to knock down the expression of VAMP2 of Schistosoma japonicum (SjVAMP2), and both real-time PCR and western blot analysis confirmed the suppression of this molecule, as well as the suppression of the transcript levels of schistosome glucose transporters (SGTP1 and SGTP4), and insulin receptors (SjIR1 and SjIR2)...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697569/relationships-of-dietary-patterns-foods-and-micro-and-macronutrients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-late-life-cognitive-disorders-a-systematic-review
#5
Vincenzo Solfrizzi, Carlo Custodero, Madia Lozupone, Bruno P Imbimbo, Vincenzo Valiani, Pasquale Agosti, Andrea Schilardi, Alessia D'Introno, Maddalena La Montagna, Mariapaola Calvani, Vito Guerra, Rodolfo Sardone, Daniela I Abbrescia, Antonello Bellomo, Antonio Greco, Antonio Daniele, Davide Seripa, Giancarlo Logroscino, Carlo Sabbá, Francesco Panza
In the last decade, the association between diet and cognitive function or dementia has been largely investigated. In the present article, we systematically reviewed observational studies published in the last three years (2014-2016) on the relationship among dietary factors and late-life cognitive disorders at different levels of investigation (i.e., dietary patterns, foods and food-groups, and dietary micro- and macronutrients), and possible underlying mechanisms of the proposed associations. From the reviewed evidence, the National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer's Association guidelines for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cognitive decline due to AD pathology introduced some evidence suggesting a direct relation between diet and changes in the brain structure and activity...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672725/pyrethroids-in-chicken-eggs-from-commercial-farms-and-home-production-in-rio-de-janeiro-estimated-daily-intake-and-diastereomeric-selectivity
#6
Cláudio E T Parente, Julliana Lestayo, Yago S Guida, Claudio E Azevedo-Silva, João Paulo M Torres, Rodrigo O Meire, Olaf Malm
In this study, pyrethroids were determined in chicken eggs from commercial farm (n = 60) and home egg production (n = 30). These pyrethroids were investigated: bifenthrin, phenothrin, permethrin, cyfluthrin, cypermethrin and fenvalerate, including most diastereomers. Quantification was done using GC-MS in a negative chemical ionization mode. Pyrethroids residues were found in 79% of the analyzed samples. Cypermethrin presented the highest occurrence, being quantified in 62 samples (69%) in concentrations (lipid weight - l w...
October 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671590/egg-consumption-and-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-health-examinees-study
#7
Sangah Shin, Hwi-Won Lee, Claire E Kim, Jiyeon Lim, Jong-Koo Lee, Sang-Ah Lee, Daehee Kang
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined as a cluster of metabolic alterations such as abdominal obesity, dyslipidemias, elevated fasting glucose, and hypertension. Studies on the association between egg consumption and MetS are limited and inconsistent. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted to examine the association of egg consumption with MetS among Korean adults aged 40-69 years. A total of 130,420 subjects (43,682 men and 86,738 women) from the Health Examinees Study were selected for the final analysis...
July 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662452/estimating-human-exposure-to-perfluoroalkyl-acids-via-solid-food-and-drinks-implementation-and-comparison-of-different-dietary-assessment-methods
#8
Eleni Papadopoulou, Somrutai Poothong, Jacco Koekkoek, Luisa Lucattini, Juan Antonio Padilla-Sánchez, Margaretha Haugen, Dorte Herzke, Stig Valdersnes, Amund Maage, Ian T Cousins, Pim E G Leonards, Line Småstuen Haug
BACKGROUND: Diet is a major source of human exposure to hazardous environmental chemicals, including many perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs). Several assessment methods of dietary exposure to PFAAs have been used previously, but there is a lack of comparisons between methods. AIM: To assess human exposure to PFAAs through diet by different methods and compare the results. METHODS: We studied the dietary exposure to PFAAs in 61 Norwegian adults (74% women, average age: 42 years) using three methods: i) by measuring daily PFAA intakes through a 1-day duplicate diet study (separately in solid and liquid foods), ii) by estimating intake after combining food contamination with food consumption data, as assessed by 2-day weighted food diaries and iii) by a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)...
June 26, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651397/-study-on-relationship-between-mother-s-animal-sourced-food-intake-during-pregnancy-and-neonate-birth-weight
#9
H Yan, S N Dang, B B Mi, P F Qu, L Zhang, H L Wang, Y X Bi, L X Zeng, Q Li, H Yan
Objective: To explore the effect of maternal animal sourced food intake during pregnancy on neonate birth weight and provide scientific basis for guiding the reasonable diet intake in pregnant women and increasing neonate birth weight. Methods: Data were derived from a cross-sectional project of"the prevalence and risk factors of birth defects in Shaanxi province" , which were conducted in 30 counties in Shaanxi province from July to November in 2013. A stratified multistage random sampling method was used to select women who were pregnant between January 2010 and December 2013 for a random semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire survey to collect the data on the frequency and amount of food consumption on animal protein sources and the data of newborns...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650370/five-strategies-for-encouraging-seafood-consumption-what-health-professionals-need-to-know
#10
Julia Quam, Kellie Casavale
There is confusion among many Americans, particularly women who are pregnant or breastfeeding and parents and caregivers of young children, regarding seafood consumption. The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans encourages us to eat a greater variety of protein foods. One way to do this is to choose seafood twice a week in place of meats, poultry, or eggs. Seafood, which includes fish and shellfish, is recommended for the total package of nutrients it provides. However, the average American is eating much less seafood than recommended...
July 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649294/randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-baked-egg-intervention-in-young-children-allergic-to-raw-egg-but-not-baked-egg
#11
Merryn Netting, Michael Gold, Patrick Quinn, Adaweyah El-Merhibi, Irmeli Penttila, Maria Makrides
BACKGROUND: Consumption of baked egg by raw egg allergic children is associated with immune changes suggesting development of tolerance. However, causation has not been tested using a double blind randomized controlled trial (RCT). We aimed to compare clinical and immunological outcomes after baked egg (BE) consumption in young BE tolerant egg allergic children. METHODS: In a double blind RCT, BE tolerant egg allergic children consumed 10 g BE (1.3 g protein) 2 to 3 times per week for 6 months (n = 21 intervention group) or similar egg free baked goods (n = 22 control group) while maintaining an otherwise egg free diet...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636674/behavior-change-communication-activities-improve-infant-and-young-child-nutrition-knowledge-and-practice-of-neighboring-non-participants-in-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-rural-bangladesh
#12
John Hoddinott, Ishita Ahmed, Akhter Ahmed, Shalini Roy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact on infant and young child nutrition knowledge and practice of mothers who were neighbors of mothers participating in a nutrition Behavior Change Communication (BCC) intervention in rural Bangladesh. METHODS: We analyzed data from 300 mothers whose neighbor participated in a nutrition BCC intervention and 600 mothers whose neighbor participated in an intervention that did not include BCC. We constructed measures capturing mothers' knowledge of infant and young child nutrition (IYCN) and measures of food consumption by children 6-24m...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633691/dietary-gap-assessment-an-approach-for-evaluating-whether-a-country-s-food-supply-can-support-healthy-diets-at-the-population-level
#13
Edye M Kuyper, Reina Engle-Stone, Joanne E Arsenault, Mary Arimond, Katherine P Adams, Kathryn G Dewey
OBJECTIVE: Dietary diversity, and in particular consumption of nutrient-rich foods including fruits, vegetables, nuts, beans and animal-source foods, is linked to greater nutrient adequacy. We developed a 'dietary gap assessment' to evaluate the degree to which a nation's food supply could support healthy diets at the population level. Design/Setting In the absence of global food-based dietary guidelines, we selected the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet as an example because there is evidence it prevents diet-related chronic disease and supports adequate micronutrient intakes...
June 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614727/micronutrient-consumption-by-female-argiope-bruennichi-affects-offspring-survival
#14
Shawn M Wilder, Jutta M Schneider
Sexual cannibalism has long been hypothesized to be a foraging decision in which females consume males for the nutrients in their bodies. While few studies have documented fecundity benefits of sexual cannibalism, several recent studies have documented benefits of cannibalism to egg hatching success or offspring survival. We tested if small supplements of dietary essential nutrients fed to female spiders, Argiope bruennichi, would result in increases in offspring survival similar to those seen following sexual cannibalism...
June 11, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609178/traditional-galactagogue-foods-and-their-connection-to-human-milk-volume-in-thai-breastfeeding-mothers
#15
Ganokwun Buntuchai, Patcharanee Pavadhgul, Wirin Kittipichai, Warapone Satheannoppakao
BACKGROUND: Thai traditional galactagogue consumption is still observed today. However, there are few scientific studies that describe this practice. Research aim: The aim of this study was to describe the connection between traditional galactagogue consumption and human milk volume. METHODS: Self-reported maternal surveys ( N = 36) were conducted of mothers and their infants who breastfeed exclusively. The mothers were interviewed about traditional galactagogue consumption and intake of protein-rich foods using a semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire...
August 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609123/bioactive-peptides-derived-from-egg-proteins-a-review
#16
Ya-Fei Liu, Indrawati Oey, Phil Bremer, Alan Carne, Pat Silcock
Egg proteins have various functional and biological activities which make them potential precursor proteins for bioactive peptide production. Simulated in vitro gastrointestinal digestion and enzymatic hydrolysis using non-gastrointestinal proteases have been used as tools to produce these peptides. Bioactive peptides derived from egg proteins are reported to display various biological activities, including angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory (antihypertensive), antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic and iron-/calcium-binding activities...
June 13, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608841/occurrence-toxicity-and-analysis-of-major-mycotoxins-in-food
#17
REVIEW
Ahmad Alshannaq, Jae-Hyuk Yu
Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites produced by certain filamentous fungi (molds). These low molecular weight compounds (usually less than 1000 Daltons) are naturally occurring and practically unavoidable. They can enter our food chain either directly from plant-based food components contaminated with mycotoxins or by indirect contamination from the growth of toxigenic fungi on food. Mycotoxins can accumulate in maturing corn, cereals, soybeans, sorghum, peanuts, and other food and feed crops in the field and in grain during transportation...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608420/reproductive-strategy-spawning-induction-spawning-temperatures-and-early-life-history-of-captive-sicklefin-chub-macrhybopsis-meeki
#18
J L Albers, M L Wildhaber
Macrhybopsis reproduction and propagule traits were studied in the laboratory using two temperature regimes and three hormone treatments to determine which methods produced the most spawns. Only sicklefin chub Macrhybopsis meeki spawned successfully although sturgeon chub Macrhybopsis gelida released unfertilized eggs. All temperature and hormone treatments produced M. meeki spawns, but two treatments had similar success rates at 44 and 43%, consisting of a constant daily temperature with no hormone added, or daily temperature fluctuations with hormone added to the water...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607046/females-manipulate-behavior-of-caring-males-via-prenatal-maternal-effects
#19
Matthieu Paquet, Per T Smiseth
In species with biparental care, there is sexual conflict as each parent is under selection to minimize its personal effort by shifting as much as possible of the workload over to the other parent. Most theoretical and empirical work on the resolution of this conflict has focused on strategies used by both parents, such as negotiation. However, because females produce the eggs, this might afford females with an ability to manipulate male behavior via maternal effects that alter offspring phenotypes. To test this hypothesis, we manipulated the prenatal conditions (i...
June 27, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601816/associations-between-self-rated-health-and-health-behaviour-among-older-adults-in-estonia-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#20
Liili Abuladze, Nele Kunder, Katrin Lang, Sirje Vaask
OBJECTIVES: The population of Estonia has one of the lowest life expectancies and health statuses in Europe. This is reflected in a lower perception of health among older adults. This study focuses on the role of health behaviour (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and nutrition) in self-rated health, accounting for sociodemographic characteristics, activity limitations and long-term illnesses as well as satisfaction with life of older Estonian men and women. DESIGN: We use representative cross-sectional data from Wave 4 of the Estonian Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, conducted mainly in 2011...
June 9, 2017: BMJ Open
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