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egg consumption

Shan-Xuan Lim, Jia-Ying Toh, Linde van Lee, Wee-Meng Han, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Kok-Hian Tan, Fabian Yap, Keith M Godfrey, Yap-Seng Chong, Mary Foong-Fong Chong
Adequate nutrition during complementary feeding is important for the growth, development and well-being of children. We aim to examine the energy and macronutrient intake composition and their main food sources in a mother-offspring cohort study in Singapore. The diets of infants were assessed by 24 h dietary recalls or food diaries collected from mothers when their offspring were 6 (n = 760), 9 (n = 893) and 12 (n = 907) months of age. Food sources of energy and macronutrients were determined using the population proportion methodology...
March 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Matthieu Bastien, Amelie Vaniscotte, Benoit Combes, Gerald Umhang, Estelle Germain, Valentin Gouley, Alice Pierlet, Thomas Quintaine, Marie-Amelie Forin-Wiart, Isabelle Villena, Dominique Aubert, Franck Boue, Marie-Lazarine Poulle
The faeces of the red fox, Vulpes vulpes (Linnaeus), and the domestic cat, Felis catus (Linnaeus), can be responsible for spreading eggs of Echinococcus multilocularis Leuckart, 1863 and oocysts of Toxoplasma gondii (Nicolle et Manceaux, 1908) into the environment. The accidental ingestion of these eggs or oocysts, through consumption of raw fruits or vegetables grown in or in contact with contaminated soil, can lead to alveolar echinococcosis (AE) or toxoplasmosis in humans. The present study provides a quantitative assessment of the faecal deposition by foxes and cats in kitchen gardens where fruits and vegetables are grown and its consequences for zoonosis transmission...
March 8, 2018: Folia Parasitologica
E J Ndebia, A M Sammon, E Umapathy, J E Iputo
Reflux in this region of South Africa is known to be more frequent and less acidic than in other countries. We investigated the relationship between reflux and diet. We recruited 57 healthy participants. We carried out ambulant oesophageal pH-impedance monitoring for 24 hours. We used software and visual review to analyse data and to identify episodes of reflux and rapid alkaline rises in the stomach. A usual pattern diet questionnaire provided data on frequency of consumption of common foods. Associations between reflux, gastric pH and dietary components were sought using analysis of variance, and regression analyses...
April 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Irina Uzhova, Clara Woolhead, Claire M Timon, Aifric O'Sullivan, Lorraine Brennan, José L Peñalvo, Eileen R Gibney
Nutritional data reduction methods are widely applied in nutrition epidemiology in order to classify individuals into meaningful groups with similar dietary patterns. To date, none of the existing studies have applied latent class analysis to examine dietary patterns which include meal types consumed throughout a day. We investigated main meal patterns followed on weekend and weekdays, and evaluated their associations with cardio-metabolic biomarkers. The analyses were performed within the NANS (National Adult Nutrition Survey) a cross-sectional national food consumption survey of 1500 nationally representative Irish adults...
March 6, 2018: Nutrients
Karen R Siegel, Kai McKeever Bullard, Giuseppina Imperatore, Mohammed K Ali, Ann Albright, Carla I Mercado, Rui Li, Edward W Gregg
OBJECTIVE: We examined the proportion of American adults without type 2 diabetes that engages in lifestyle behaviors known to reduce type 2 diabetes risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 3,679 nonpregnant, nonlactating individuals aged ≥20 years without diabetes (self-reported diagnosis or glycated hemoglobin ≥6.5% [8 mmol/mol] or fasting plasma glucose ≥126 mg/dL) and who provided 2 days of reliable dietary data in the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES)...
March 2, 2018: Diabetes Care
Ruopeng An, Xiaoling Xiang, Junyi Liu, Chenghua Guan
INTRODUCTION: Dietary behavior is a central modifiable risk factor for human health. This study examined the longitudinal relationship between dietary habits and self-rated health among the oldest-old Chinese. METHODS: Participants aged 80 years and above (N = 7273) were first interviewed in 1998 and followed in subsequent waves 2-3 years apart till 2011-2012 in the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. Cox proportional hazards regressions were performed to estimate the effects of dietary habits on poor self-rated health, adjusting for various individual characteristics...
February 21, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Hua-Hong Wu, Hui Li, Ya-Qin Zhang, Xin-Nan Zong, Zong-Han Zhu, Yang Yu
AIM: This 2015 study was part of The National Growth Survey of Children under seven years of age, which has been carried out in nine Chinese cities every 10 years since 1975. Our aim was to assess children's feeding practices and nutritional supplements. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of 89,006 healthy children aged one to 24 months. All data were collected by face-to-face interviews during child health visits, using a questionnaire. RESULTS: The exclusive breastfeeding rate was 53% in infants under six months of age and the continued breastfeeding rate was 51% among infants who were 10-12 months and 5% when they were 21-24 months...
March 2, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Bruno S Lemos, Isabel Medina-Vera, Christopher N Blesso, Maria Luz Fernandez
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is associated with high concentrations of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). The impact of dietary cholesterol on plasma lipid concentrations still remains a concern. The effects of egg intake in comparison to choline bitartrate supplement was studied in a young, healthy population. Thirty participants were enrolled for a 13-week intervention. After a 2-week run-in period, subjects were randomized to consume either 3 eggs/day or a choline bitartrate supplement (~400 mg choline for both treatments) for 4-weeks each...
February 24, 2018: Nutrients
Elio Cannarsa, Stefania Meconcelli
Sex allocation theory applied to hermaphrodites assumes that there is a trade off between the allocation of resources to male and female functions, within a fixed reproductive resource budget. Charnov's classic resource allocation model predicts a more female-biased sex allocation when competition among different sperm donors is low due to diminishing fitness returns for male investment. By manipulating the social group size, one automatically changes the population density at which individuals live. Increasing population density may affect reproductive allocation, leading to resource competition and/or to increased concentration of harmful metabolites...
April 2017: Current Zoology
Avtar K Handa, Tahira Fatima, Autar K Mattoo
Biogenic amines-polyamines (PAs), particularly putrescine, spermidine and spermine are ubiquitous in all living cells. Their indispensable roles in many biochemical and physiological processes are becoming commonly known, including promoters of plant life and differential roles in human health and disease. PAs positively impact cellular functions in plants-exemplified by increasing longevity, reviving physiological memory, enhancing carbon and nitrogen resource allocation/signaling, as well as in plant development and responses to extreme environments...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Zoran Pavlovic, Ivanka Miletic, Milica Zekovic, Marina Nikolic, Maria Glibetic
Research conducted during the 1980s demonstrated Se deficiency in humans. Increased inclusion of selenium in animal feeds started from the year 2000 onwards. The aim of this study was to estimate the effects of selenium inclusion in animal feeds on human selenium status and dietary habits of the Serbian population related to food of animal origin. Plasma selenium concentration in healthy adult volunteers, including residents of one of the regions with the lowest (Eastern Serbia, n = 60) and of one of the regions with the highest Se serum levels reported in the past (Belgrade, n = 82), was determined by hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry...
February 16, 2018: Nutrients
Yadong Yang, Chuan Yu, Ke Ding, Chunjie Zhang, Chengshui Liao, Yanyan Jia, Jing Li, Xiangchao Cheng
Salmonella enteritidis is a common food-borne pathogen associated with consumption of contaminated poultry meat and eggs, which frequently causes gastroenteritis in humans. Salmonella secreted effector K1 (SseK1), as a translocated and secreted protein has been identified to be essential for the virulence of Salmonella typhimurium in host cells. However, the role of the sseK1 gene in the pathogenicity of S. enteritidis remain unclear. In this study, a sseK1 deletion mutant of S. enteritidis was constructed and its biological characteristics were examined...
February 16, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Krithiga Shridhar, Ambika Satija, Preet K Dhillon, Sutapa Agrawal, Ruby Gupta, Liza Bowen, Sanjay Kinra, A V Bharathi, D Prabhakaran, K Srinath Reddy, Shah Ebrahim
BACKGROUND: Dietary patterns (DPs) in India are heterogenous. To date, data on association of indigenous DPs in India with risk factors of nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases (cardiovascular disease and diabetes), leading causes of premature death and disability, are limited. We aimed to evaluate the associations of empirically-derived DPs with blood lipids, fasting glucose and blood pressure levels in an adult Indian population recruited across four geographical regions of India...
February 8, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Elizabeth A Pusch, Kristen J Navara
It has now been demonstrated in many species that individuals display substantial variation in coping styles, generally separating into two major behavioral phenotypes that appear to be linked to the degree of physiological stress responsiveness. Laying hens are perfect examples of these dichotomous phenotypes; white laying hens are reactive, flighty, and exhibit large hormonal and behavioral responses to both acute and chronic stress, while brown laying hens are proactive, exploratory, and exhibit low hormonal and behavioral responses to stress...
January 30, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Helen A Brough, Inger Kull, Kerry Richards, Eva Hallner, Cilla Söderhäll, Abdel Douiri, Martin Penagos, Erik Melén, Anna Bergström, Victor Turcanu, Magnus Wickman, Gideon Lack
BACKGROUND: High household peanut consumption is associated with the development of peanut allergy, especially when peanut allergic cases are compared against atopic controls; thus environmental peanut exposure (EPE) may be a risk factor for peanut sensitization and allergy. In this study we explored the relationship between EPE and school-age peanut sensitization in a population based cohort. METHODS: Maternal bed-dust was collected postnatally and EPE was quantified using a polyclonal peanut ELISA...
February 6, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Janine Ledet, Maria Byrne, Alistair G B Poore
Increasing sea surface temperatures are predicted to alter marine plant-herbivore interactions and, thus, the structure and function of algal and seagrass communities. Given the fundamental role of host plant quality in determining herbivore fitness, predicting the effects of increased temperatures requires an understanding of how temperature may interact with diet quality. We used an herbivorous marine amphipod, Sunamphitoe parmerong, to test how temperature and diet interact to alter herbivore growth, feeding rates, survival, and fecundity in short- and long-term assays...
February 6, 2018: Oecologia
Shota Myojin, Naohiro Kamiyoshi, Masaaki Kugo
BACKGROUND: Salmonella spondylitis is an uncommon complication of Salmonella infection in immunocompetent children. To prevent treatment failure and neurological deficits, it needs prompt diagnosis and sufficient effort to identify the causative organism. There are some options to identify the causative organism such as Computed Tomography (CT) guided biopsy or surgical debridement, however when to perform these invasive interventions remains controversial. CASE PRESENTATION: A 13-year-old boy presented with occasional high fever and lower back pain...
February 3, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
W P Lokapirnasari, A R Dewi, A Fathinah, S Hidanah, N Harijani, Soeharsono, B Karimah, A D Andriani
Aim: The purpose of this study was to know the production performance and economic analysis in quail which use probiotic supplementation to alternate antibiotic growth promoter (AGP) to feed consumption, water consumption, egg production, egg mass, feed conversion, and feed efficiency. Materials and Methods: About 240 quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) at 14 weeks of age were completely randomized into four treatments, each treatment consisted of six replications and each replication consisted by 10 heads...
December 2017: Veterinary World
Ae Wha Ha, Woo Kyoung Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In addition to the intake ratio of omega 6 (n-6) to omega 3 (n-3) fatty acids, their intake amount has an effect on health. This study evaluated the n-6:n-3 intake ratio as well as the food sources and association of these fatty acids with demographic characteristics based on sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This study included 13,937 participants from the survey. The weighted mean intake and major food groups of n-3 and n-6 fatty acids were determined...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Chie Taguchi, Yoshimi Kishimoto, Norie Suzuki-Sugihara, Emi Saita, Mika Usuda, Wei Wang, Yasunobu Masuda, Kazuo Kondo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Eggs, an important source of high-quality protein, contain a variety of key nutrients and antioxidants. Here we conducted an intervention study to evaluate whether the additional consumption of one egg per day would affect the daily nutritional intakes and blood antioxidant status in Japanese woman university students. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: For 4 weeks, the 14 subjects were provided a nutritious breakfast including one boiled egg, and they were asked to keep a daily dietary record...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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