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"Flight Paramedic"

Ryan W Snow, Wayne Papalski, John Siedler, Brendon Drew, Benjamin Walrath
During routine aircraft start-up procedures at a US Naval Air Station, an aviation mishap occurred, resulting in the pilot suffering a traumatic brain injury and the copilot acquiring bilateral hemopneumothoraces, a ruptured diaphragm, and hepatic and splenic contusions. The care of both patients, including at point of injury and en route to the closest trauma center, is presented. This case demonstrates a benefit from advanced life-saving interventions and critical care skills beyond the required scope of practice of search and rescue medical technicians as dictated by relevant instructions...
December 0: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Jacinta Waack, Matthew Shepherd, Emily Andrew, Stephen Bernard, Karen Smith
OBJECTIVE: Delayed sequence intubation (DSI) involves the administration of ketamine to facilitate adequate preoxygenation in the agitated patient. DSI was introduced into the Clinical Practice Guideline for Intensive Care Flight Paramedics in Victoria in late 2013. We aimed to describe the clinical characteristics of patients receiving DSI. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was undertaken of patients who received DSI between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2016, during both primary response and retrieval missions...
February 6, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Ashleigh Delorenzo, Toby St Clair, Emily Andrew, Stephen Bernard, Karen Smith
OBJECTIVE: Rapid sequence intubation (RSI) is an advanced airway procedure for critically ill or injured patients. Paramedic-performed RSI in the prehospital setting remains controversial, as unsuccessful or poorly conducted RSI is known to result in significant complications. In Victoria, intensive care flight paramedics (ICFPs) have a broad scope of practice including RSI in both the adult and pediatric population. We sought to describe the success rates and characteristics of patients undergoing RSI by ICFPs in Victoria, Australia...
February 6, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Russell D MacDonald, Felipe Allendes
OBJECTIVE: Transport of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP)-dependent patients between hospitals is increasingly common. The transports are typically time-sensitive and require personnel familiar with IABP operation and management of a potentially unstable patient. This study examined transports performed by specially trained critical care paramedics in a large air medical and land critical care transport service. METHODS: This retrospective, descriptive review prospectively collected data for IABP-dependent patient transports in Ontario, Canada in a 10-year interval beginning September 2003...
July 2016: Air Medical Journal
Neil B Davids
Over the past 14 years of conflict, the Department of Defense medical community has made significant strides in patient care. As the conflicts developed, many sources identified a critical gap in en route care, specifically the need for critical care trained personnel for point of injury and intrahospital transfers, as well as improved outcomes for patients who received care from critical care trained providers. As stopgap measures were implemented, the US Army instituted the Critical Care Flight Paramedic Program in order to meet this need of life saving critical care transport...
April 2016: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
Bradley Boehringer, Michael Choate, Shelley Hurwitz, Peter V R Tilney, Thomas Judge
Accurate endotracheal intubation for patients in extremis or at risk of physiologic decompensation is the gold standard for emergency medicine. Field intubation is a complex process and time to intubation, number of attempts, and hypoxia have all been shown to correlate with increases in morbidity and mortality. Expanding laryngoscope technology which incorporates active video, in addition to direct laryngoscopy, offers providers improved and varied tools to employ in management of the advanced airway. Over a nine-year period a helicopter emergency medical services team, comprised of a flight paramedic and flight nurse, intended to intubate 790 patients...
2015: BioMed Research International
Ben Meadley, Stefan Heschl, Emily Andrew, Anthony de Wit, Stephen A Bernard, Karen Smith
Winching emergency medical care providers from a helicopter to the scene enables treatment of patients in otherwise inaccessible locations, but is not without risks. The objective of this study was to define characteristics of winch missions undertaken by Intensive Care Flight Paramedics (ICFP) in Victoria, Australia with a focus on extraction methods and clinical care delivered at the scene. A retrospective data analysis was performed to identify all winch missions between November 2010 and March 2014. Demographic data, winch characteristics, physiological parameters, and interventions undertaken on scene by the ICFP were extracted...
2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Ian Wilmer, Graham Chalk, Gareth Edward Davies, Anne Elizabeth Weaver, David John Lockey
OBJECTIVE: The identification of serious injury is critical to the tasking of air ambulances. London's Air Ambulance (LAA) is dispatched by a flight paramedic based on mechanism of injury (MOI), paramedical interrogation of caller (INT) or land ambulance crew request (REQ).This study aimed to demonstrate which of the dispatch methods was most effective (in accuracy and time) in identifying patients with serious injury. METHODS: A retrospective review of 3 years of data (to December 2010) was undertaken...
October 2015: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
P Daniel Patterson, Judith R Lave, Christian Martin-Gill, Matthew D Weaver, Richard J Wadas, Robert M Arnold, Ronald N Roth, Vincent N Mosesso, Francis X Guyette, Jon C Rittenberger, Donald M Yealy
INTRODUCTION: We sought to create a valid framework for detecting adverse events (AEs) in the high-risk setting of helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS). METHODS: We assembled a panel of 10 expert clinicians (n = 6 emergency medicine physicians and n = 4 prehospital nurses and flight paramedics) affiliated with a large multistate HEMS organization in the Northeast US. We used a modified Delphi technique to develop a framework for detecting AEs associated with the treatment of critically ill or injured patients...
January 2014: Prehospital Emergency Care
Erik Nelson Vu, Rob S Schlamp, Robert T Wand, Geoff A Kleine-Deters, Mark P Vu, John M Tallon
INTRODUCTION: Major hemorrhage remains a leading cause of death in both military and civilian trauma. We report the use of tranexamic acid (TXA) as part of a trauma exanguination/massive transfusion protocol in the management of hemorrhagic shock in a civilian primary and secondary air medical evacuation (AME) helicopter EMS program. METHODS: TXA was introduced into our CCP flight paramedic program in June 2011. Indications for use include age > 16 years, major trauma (defined a priori based on mechanism of injury or findings on primary survey), and heart rate (HR) > 110 beats per minute (bpm) or systolic blood pressure (SBP) < 90 mmHg...
September 2013: Air Medical Journal
Seth R Holland, Amy Apodaca, Robert L Mabry
OBJECTIVE: Determine if a higher level of Army flight medic (AFM) training was associated with improved physiological state on arrival to a combat support hospital (CSH). METHODS: A retrospective study comparing casualties who were evacuated by two AFM units with only Emergency Medical Technicians-Basic (EMT-Bs) to an Army National Guard unit with Critical Care Flight Paramedics (CCFPs) in Afghanistan with an injury severity score >16 in different time periods looking at their 48-hour mortality, hematocrit (HCT), base deficit (BD), oxygen saturation (SpO2), and physiological parameters on arrival to the CSH...
May 2013: Military Medicine
Francis Xavier Guyette, Julia L Morley, Matthew D Weaver, P Daniel Patterson, David Hostler
OBJECTIVE: To employ a battery of previously validated surveys and neuropsychological tests to compare changes in fatigue and cognitive abilities of air medical providers after 12- and 24-hour shifts. METHODS: A convenience sample of 34 flight nurses and flight paramedics employed by one air medical service completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Chalder Fatigue Questionnaire (CFQ) to determine fatigue before and after 12-hour (n = 16) and 24-hour (n = 19) shifts...
January 2013: Prehospital Emergency Care
Robert L Mabry, Amy Apodaca, Jason Penrod, Jean A Orman, Robert T Gerhardt, Warren C Dorlac
BACKGROUND: The US Army pioneered medical evacuation (MEDEVAC) by helicopter, yet its system remains essentially unchanged since the Vietnam era. Care is provided by a single combat medic credentialed at the Emergency Medical Technician - Basic level. Treatment protocols, documentation, medical direction, and quality improvement processes are not standardized and vary significantly across US Army helicopter evacuation units. This is in contrast to helicopter emergency medical services that operate within the United States...
August 2012: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Eileen V Caulfield, Richard P Dutton, Douglas J Floccare, Lynn G Stansbury, Thomas M Scalea
BACKGROUND: The Brain Trauma Foundation (BTF) Guidelines for prehospital management of traumatic brain injury (TBI) recommend a goal end-tidal carbon dioxide of 30 mm Hg to 35 mm Hg in patients without signs of herniation. METHODS: We examined prehospital concordance with BTF Guidelines, selected demographic and physiologic variables and outcomes for 100 consecutive admissions to a well-established Level I regional trauma center. All patients had blunt TBI with Glasgow Coma Score < or = 8 without signs of herniation...
June 2009: Journal of Trauma
P P Bredmose, R A Forbes, G E Davies, R Freij, D Lockey
In the event of major incidents, neighbouring air ambulances can be used to assist. To assess the potential benefit of this cooperation, three fictitious major incidents were described to emergency service dispatch desks to assess the availability and response times for neighbouring air ambulances. A medical infrastructure at each site could be in place in a shorter time when the mutual aid scheme was used. This short study demonstrates the increased availability of doctors and flight paramedics that can be achieved by cooperation schemes...
December 2008: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Tami O Tiamfook-Morgan, Tim H Harrison, Stephen H Thomas
OBJECTIVES: Studies finding adverse outcomes associated with emergency medical services intubation (ETI) have prompted recommendations for prehospital services to improve tracking of oxygenation during airway management. Our goals were to 1) implement a documentation requirement for helicopter EMS (HEMS) crews, entailing tracking and notation of the lowest SpO2 value (peri-ETI SpO2 nadir) occurring during HEMS crew ETI, and 2) assess the findings associated with the peri-ETI SpO2 documentation parameter...
July 2006: Prehospital Emergency Care
William P Bozeman, Douglas M Kleiner, Vicki Huggett
OBJECTIVES: To compare laryngoscopy conditions produced by etomidate-only intubation (EOI) with those produced by rapid-sequence intubation (RSI) in the prehospital air medical setting. METHODS: A prospective crossover trial design used two helicopters staffed by the same flight paramedics and nurses. Each aircraft used an EOI protocol (0.3 mg/kg) for six months. An RSI protocol using the same dose of etomidate plus succinylcholine (1.5 mg/kg) was used for the alternate six months...
January 2006: Prehospital Emergency Care
Jonathan Gryniuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2003: Air Medical Journal
J Gryniuk et al.
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2001: Prehospital Emergency Care
J Brown, F Thomas
INTRODUCTION: Flight nurses and paramedics may be called on to perform a blind nasal tracheal intubation (BNTI) as an airway management adjunct. A literature review found two publications addressing air medical BNTI failure rates. No studies examining demographic factors associated with BNTI failure rates nor published reports evaluating the failure rates of subsequent oral tracheal intubation (OTI) and cricothyroidotomy (cric) attempts after failed BNTI were found. This study was undertaken to identify factors associated with BNTI failure and determine the failure rates for OTI and cric performed by flight nurses and paramedics after failed BNTI...
March 2001: Air Medical Journal
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