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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240859/real-world-clinical-experience-with-apremilast-in-a-large-us-retrospective-cohort-study-of-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-plaque-psoriasis
#1
April Armstrong, Eugenia Levi
<p>OBJECTIVE: To examine real-world use and patient outcomes with apremilast, an oral PDE4 inhibitor, in the dermatology practice set-ting for treatment of patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis.</p> <p>METHODS: This retrospective, multicenter, longitudinal, observational cohort study used Modernizing Medicine's electronic medi-cal record (EMR) database of >5000 US dermatology providers. There were 7517 adults aged ≥18 years with a psoriasis diagnosis (ICD-9, ICD-10) who received apremilast therapy from October 1, 2015, to January 31, 2016, and were included in effcacy and safety analyses...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240701/25th-conference-of-gp2a
#2
Michael D Threadgill, Susan E Matthews, Francesca Giuntini
The 25th Conference of GP2A was held on 31 August and 1 September 2017 in Liverpool, UK, with the aim of exchange of ideas and experience, particularly amongst young medicinal chemists. Topics included bioactive compounds from plants and lichens, and design and development of drugs. Abstracts of invited lectures, proffered oral presentations, flash presentations and posters presented during the meeting are collected in this report.
December 14, 2017: Pharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239495/comparisons-between-traditional-medicines-and-pharmacotherapies-for-alzheimer-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cognitive-outcomes
#3
REVIEW
Brian H May, Mei Feng, Anna J Hyde, Helmut Hügel, Su-Yueh Chang, Lin Dong, Xinfeng Guo, Anthony L Zhang, Chuanjian Lu, Charlie C Xue
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical evidence for traditional medicines (TMs) used in East Asia on measures of cognition in Alzheimer disease, determine the effect sizes at different time points for the TMs and pharmacotherapies, and assess the tolerability of the TMs. METHODS: We searched 12 databases in English, Chinese, and Japanese for eligible randomised controlled trials that compared orally administered TMs with pharmacotherapy and reported cognitive outcomes...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238386/optimized-sopungsunkiwon-a-herbal-formula-attenuates-a%C3%AE-oligomer-induced-neurotoxicity-in-alzheimer-s-disease-models
#4
Jin Gyu Choi, Sun Yeou Kim, Jong Woo Kim, Myung Sook Oh
Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common form of dementia, is an age-related neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by memory dysfunction, neuronal cell damage, and neuroinflammation. It is believed that AD-related pathology is mostly due to the overproduction of Aβ, especially the oligomeric form (AβO), in the brain. Evidence of the effects of multifunctional medicinal herbs in the treatment of AD has been steadily increasing. Optimized-SopungSunkiwon (OSS), a multiherbal formulation that is composed of six medicinal herbs derived from SopungSunkiwon, is a traditional medicine that is prescribed for neurodegenerative disorders in elderly patients...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237294/mutagenicity-evaluation-of-anastatica-hierochuntica-l-aqueous-extract-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#5
Siti Rosmani Md Zin, Zahurin Mohamed, Mohammed A Alshawsh, Won F Wong, Normadiah M Kassim
Anastatica hierochuntica L. ( A. hierochuntica), a folk medicinal plant, was evaluated for mutagenic potential via in vitro and in vivo assays. The in vitro assay was conducted according to modified Ames test, while the in vivo study was performed according to Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development guideline for mammalian erythrocyte micronucleus assay. Four groups ( n= 5 males and 5 females per group) Sprague Dawley rats were randomly chosen as the negative control, positive control (received a single intramuscular injection of cyclophosphamide 50 mg/kg), 1000 and, 2000 mg/kg A...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236231/dimethyl-fumarate-a-review-in-moderate-to-severe-plaque-psoriasis
#6
Hannah A Blair
Fumaric acid esters (FAEs) have been used in the treatment of psoriasis in some European countries for over 20 years, and are recommended in the European guidelines for the management of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Dimethyl fumarate (Skilarence®; hereafter referred to as DMF) is an orally administered FAE indicated for the treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis in adults in need of systemic medicinal therapy; unlike other available FAEs, it is not formulated in combination with monoethyl fumarate salts...
December 13, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236057/development-of-houttuynia-cordata-extract-loaded-solid-lipid-nanoparticles-for-oral-delivery-high-drug-loading-efficiency-and-controlled-release
#7
Ju-Heon Kim, Jong-Suep Baek, Jin-Kyu Park, Bong-Joo Lee, Min-Soo Kim, Sung-Joo Hwang, Jae-Young Lee, Cheong-Weon Cho
Houttuynia cordata (H. cordata) has been used for diuresis and detoxification in folk medicine as well as a herbal medicine with antiviral and antibacterial activities. H. cordata extract-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (H-SLNs) were prepared with various concentration of poloxamer 188 or poloxamer 407 by a hot homogenization and ultrasonication method. H-SLNs dispersion was freeze-dried with or without trehalose as a cryoprotectant. The physicochemical characteristics of H-SLNs were evaluated by dynamic laser scattering (DLS), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
December 13, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235380/pharmacokinetic-drug-evaluation-of-ixazomib-citrate-for-the-treatment-of-multiple-myeloma
#8
Marco Salvini, Rossella Troia, Davide Giudice, Chiara Pautasso, Mario Boccadoro, Alessandra Larocca
multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell disorder that represents the second most frequent hematologic cancer. Although MM is still an incurable disease, prognosis has improved in the last decades thanks to the introduction of novel agents such as proteasome inhibitors (PIs), immunomodulatory drugs, monoclonal antibodies, and histone deacetylase inhibitors. Areas covered: ixazomib is the first oral PI recently approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicine Agency (EMA) in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone as salvage therapy in MM patients...
December 13, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235298/-effect-of-saposhnikoviae-radix-on-pharmacokinetics-and-tissue-distributions-of-active-components-in-tongxie-yaofang-in-rats
#9
Rui-Feng Liang, Wen-Jing Ge, Zheng Wei, Xue-Xia Zhang, Wei-Feng Cui, Xue Liu, Geng-Sheng Li
Tongxie Yaofang (TXYF) is a famous formula that has been used for treating gastrointestinal diseases in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). Saposhnikoviae Radix is considered as a meridian guiding drug in TXYF and could enhance the effectiveness of prescription. However, the scientific evidence for this effect is still not clear. To reveal the interactions of Saposhnikoviae Radix with other herbs, we conducted this study on the pharmacokinetic profile and tissue distribution of active ingredients of TXYF in rats...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235281/-research-development-and-evaluation-of-oral-films
#10
REVIEW
Lian-Jie Ren, Juan Liu, Jun-Wei Ma, Jia-Chen Yan, Li-Fang Yin
Oral film is a new type of oral preparation. Due to portability, simple preparation process and good clinical compliance, oral films have become the focus of novel drug delivery system in recent years. Meanwhile, oral films have been gradually used in the development of Chinese medicine preparations. According to the application and approval situation of different types of oral films both at home and abroad in recent years, their research and development status was analyzed, including the basic concept, formulation, manufacturing process and quality control, as well as related progress and development prospects of oral films applied in traditional Chinese medicine...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234895/intestinal-stem-cells-to-advance-drug-development-precision-and-regenerative-medicine-a-paradigm-shift-in-translational-research
#11
Jonathan P Mochel, Albert E Jergens, Dawn Kingsbury, Hyun Jung Kim, Martín G Martín, Karin Allenspach
Recent advances in our understanding of the intestinal stem cell niche and the role of key signaling pathways on cell growth and maintenance have allowed the development of fully differentiated epithelial cells in 3D organoids. Stem cell-derived organoids carry significant levels of proteins that are natively expressed in the gut and have important roles in drug transport and metabolism. They are, therefore, particularly relevant to study the gastrointestinal (GI) absorption of oral medications. In addition, organoids have the potential to serve as a robust preclinical model for demonstrating the effectiveness of new drugs more rapidly, with more certainty, and at lower costs compared with live animal studies...
December 12, 2017: AAPS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234378/antibiofilm-and-anti-inflammatory-activities-of-houttuynia-cordata-decoction-for-oral-care
#12
Yasuko Sekita, Keiji Murakami, Hiromichi Yumoto, Kouji Hirao, Takashi Amoh, Natsumi Fujiwara, Katsuhiko Hirota, Hideki Fujii, Takashi Matsuo, Yoichiro Miyake, Yoshiki Kashiwada
Dental biofilms that form in the oral cavity play a critical role in the pathogenesis of several infectious oral diseases, including dental caries, periodontal disease, and oral candidiasis. Houttuynia cordata (HC, Saururaceae) is a widely used traditional medicine, for both internal and external application. A decoction of dried HC leaves (dHC) has long been consumed as a health-promoting herbal tea in Japan. We have recently reported that a water solution of HC poultice ethanol extract (wHCP) exerts antimicrobial and antibiofilm effects against several important oral pathogens...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234376/roles-of-nitric-oxide-and-prostaglandins-in-the-sustained-antihypertensive-effects-of-acanthospermum-hispidum-dc-on-ovariectomized-rats-with-renovascular-hypertension
#13
Rhanany Alan Calloi Palozi, Maysa Isernhagen Schaedler, Cleide Adriane Signor Tirloni, Aniely Oliveira Silva, Francislaine Aparecida Dos Reis Lívero, Roosevelt Isaias Carvalho Souza, Ariany Carvalho Dos Santos, Thiago Bruno Lima Prando, Lauro Mera de Souza, Arquimedes Gasparotto Junior
Although Acanthospermum hispidum is used in Brazilian folk medicine as an antihypertensive, no study evaluated its effects on a renovascular hypertension and ovariectomy model. So, this study investigated the mechanisms involved in the antihypertensive effects of an ethanol-soluble fraction obtained from A. hispidum (ESAH) using two-kidney-one-clip hypertension in ovariectomized rats (2K1C plus OVT). ESAH was orally administered at doses of 30, 100, and 300 mg/kg, daily, for 28 days, after 5 weeks of surgery...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234120/oral-epithelial-cell-sheets-engraftment-for-esophageal-strictures-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-of-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-airplane-transportation
#14
Naoyuki Yamaguchi, Hajime Isomoto, Shinichiro Kobayashi, Nobuo Kanai, Kengo Kanetaka, Yusuke Sakai, Yoshiyuki Kasai, Ryo Takagi, Takeshi Ohki, Hiroko Fukuda, Tsutomu Kanda, Kazuhiro Nagai, Izumi Asahina, Kazuhiko Nakao, Masayuki Yamato, Teruo Okano, Susumu Eguchi
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) permits en bloc removal of superficial oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, post-procedure stricture is common after ESD for widespread tumours, and multiple endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) procedures are required. We aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of endoscopic transplantation of tissue-engineered autologous oral mucosal epithelial cell sheets that had been transported by air over a distance of 1200 km in controlling postprocedural oesophageal stricture...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233773/repeated-oral-dose-toxicity-study-on-hydrolysable-tannin-rich-fraction-isolated-from-fruit-pericarps-of-terminalia-chebula-retz-in-wistar-albino-rats
#15
Sanmuga Priya Ekambaram, Senthamil Selvan Perumal, Keerthi B Babu, Durgalakshmi Rajendran
Terminalia chebula fruits are one of the richest sources of hydrolysable tannins and it is well known medicinal agent in traditional systems of medicine for treatment of various chronic ailments. In the present study, hydrolysable tannin rich fraction (HTF) was isolated from 80% hydroalcoholic extract of Terminalia chebula fruit pericarps and it was studied for acute and repeated dose oral toxicity in Wistar albino rats. HTF did not show any toxic symptoms or mortality at single dose administration of 5000 mg/kg/p...
December 9, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233281/debate-as-an-alternative-method-for-medical-literature-evaluation
#16
Rebecca Toor, Kathryn Samai, Ryan Wargo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To determine the student impression of utilizing a debate style journal club as an alternative approach for preceptors to teach medical literature evaluation skills to pharmacy students undergoing Advance Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPE) in both acute care and ambulatory care. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Students were asked to debate on a controversial topic or two drugs with similar indications. Each side had to research supporting evidence based medicine and use literature appraisal skills to incorporate the information logically into an oral debate style format...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231546/-therapeutic-effects-of-the-integrated-acupuncture-and-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-reflux-esophagitis
#17
Wan Zhang, Bolin Li, Jianhui Sun, Zhikun Wang, Nana Zhang, Fang Shi, Lin Pei
OBJECTIVE: To compare the differences in the clinical therapeutic effects on reflux esophagitis among the combined therapy of huazhuo jiedu jiangni decoction (the decoction for resolving the turbid, detoxification and reducing the pathologic upward qi in short) and acupuncture, omeprazole and Chinese herbal medicine. METHODS: Ninety patients were randomized into 3 groups, 4 cases of them were dropped off. Finally, there were 29 cases in the combined therapy group with acupuncture and the decoction, 29 cases in the western medication group and 28 cases in the Chinese herbal medicine group in the statistical analysis...
July 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231476/-the-heat-reinforcing-needling-for-kashin-beck-disease-with-cold-dampness-blocking-collaterals-syndrome
#18
Bo Yuan, Zhu Liang, Jinhai Wang, Yan Pu, Xinghua Zhang, Xiaozheng Du
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy differences between heat-reinforcing needling and conventional treatment of western medicine on Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) with cold-dampness blocking collaterals syndrome. METHODS: Sixty KBD patients of cold-dampness blocking collaterals syndrome were randomly assigned into a heat-reinforcing needling group and a western medication group, 30 cases in each one. In the heat-reinforcing needling group, the heat-reinforcing needling was applied at local painful sites, combined with the acupoints based on the syndrome differentiation and the distal acupoints on the affected meridians...
February 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231470/-impacts-of-mild-moxibustion-on-immune-indices-and-nailfold-microcirculation-in-the-subhealthy-group
#19
Lu He, Chunhua Wang, Ling Hu, Feng Hao, Zijian Wu, Ronglin Cai, Jie Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference in the clinical therapeutic effects of the regulation of subhealthy condition between the mild moxibustion on alternate days and Chinese herbal medicine. METHODS: Seventy-two participants of subhealthy condition were assigned into a mild moxibustion group (36 cases) and a medication group (36 cases) according to random number table. In the mild moxibustion group, the intervention of mild moxibustion with moxa stick was applied to Guanyuan (CV 4), Zusanli (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6), once every other day...
February 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231344/-the-effect-of-drug-oil-moxibustion-for-contents-of-zinc-and-c-reactive-protein-in-succus-prostaticus-of-chronic-nonbacterial-prostatitis
#20
Wenjun Ma, Qinglin Hu, Lei Diao, Youjin Cai, Jun Feng
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effects differences and partial mechanism for chronic nonbacterial prostatitis (CNP) among drug oil moxibustion, simple moxibustion, and conventional western medicine. METHODS: A total of 120 patients who met the criteria of inclusion were randomly assigned into a drug oil moxibustion group, a moxibustion group and a western medication group, 40 cases in each one. Moxibustion was used at Guanyuan (CV 4), Zhongji (CV 3), Qihai (CV 6) and bilateral Yinlingquan (SP 9), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Shenshu (BL 23), Mingmen (GV 4), Pangguangshu (BL 28), Ciliao (BL 32), and Zhibian (BL 54), etc...
August 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
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