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"Medical Simulation"

Tae Nyoung Chung, Sun Wook Kim, Je Sung You, Hyun Soo Chung
OBJECTIVE: Tube thoracostomy (TT) is a commonly performed intensive care procedure. Simulator training may be a good alternative method for TT training, compared with conventional methods such as apprenticeship and animal skills laboratory. However, there is insufficient evidence supporting use of a simulator. The aim of this study is to determine whether training with medical simulator is associated with faster TT process, compared to conventional training without simulator. METHODS: This is a simulation study...
March 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Lisa M Grisham, Valerie Vickers, David E Biffar, Hannes Prescher, Norma J Battaglia, John E Jarred, Sirandon A H Reid, Allan J Hamilton
Limited clinical site availability and an increased need for clinical training experiences often make it difficult for prehospital health care providers to complete new and annual training requirements. Medical simulation provides an alternative learning environment that provides trainees the opportunity to acquire and perfect new clinical skills without compromising patient care. The following is a detailed description of an air medical transport simulation of a neonate with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy requiring transport to a higher level of care...
September 2016: Air Medical Journal
Katherine Bootsma, Martha M Fitzgerald, Brandon Free, Elizabeth Dimbath, Joe Conjerti, Greg Reese, Dominik Konkolewicz, Jason A Berberich, Jessica L Sparks
Interpenetrating network (IPN) hydrogel materials are recognized for their unique mechanical properties. While IPN elasticity and toughness properties have been explored in previous studies, the factors that impact the time-dependent stress relaxation behavior of IPN materials are not well understood. Time-dependent (i.e. viscoelastic) mechanical behavior is a critical design parameter in the development of materials for a variety of applications, such as medical simulation devices, flexible substrate materials, cellular mechanobiology substrates, or regenerative medicine applications...
July 22, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Antoine Gouin, Cédric Damm, Grégory Wood, Sébastien Cartier, Marie Borel, Karen Villette-Baron, Sylvain Boet, Vincent Compère, Bertrand Dureuil
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: High-fidelity medical simulation is a source of stress for participants. The aim of this study was to assess if repeated simulated courses decrease perceived stress and/or physiological stress level and increase performance in anaesthesiology registrars. METHOD: Fourteen anaesthesiology specialty registrars participated individually in three successive sessions of crisis simulation in the operating room. Participants' perceived stress levels were measured by self-assessment (simple numerical scale from 0 to 10 [0=no stress, 10=maximum stress]) and physiological stress was estimated via the maximal heart rate measured by a Holter system)...
June 23, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Sébastien Richard, Gioia Mione, Claude Varoqui, Arnaud Vezain, Arielle Brunner, Serge Bracard, Marc Debouverie, Marc Braun
Telemedicine contributes to initiating early intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) treatment for patients with acute cerebral infarction in areas without a stroke unit. However, the experience and skills of the emergency teams in the spokes to prepare patients and administer rt-PA treatment are ill-defined. Improving these skills could vastly improve management of acute stroke by telemedicine. We developed a medical simulation training model for emergency teams to perform intravenous rt-PA treatment in a telestroke system...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Richard R McNeer, Roman Dudaryk, Nicholas B Nedeff, Christopher L Bennett
Introduction. Medical simulators are used for assessing clinical skills and increasingly for testing hypotheses. We developed and tested an approach for assessing performance in anesthesia residents using screen-based simulation that ensures expert raters remain blinded to subject identity and experimental condition. Methods. Twenty anesthesia residents managed emergencies in an operating room simulator by logging actions through a custom graphical user interface. Two expert raters rated performance based on these entries using custom Global Rating Scale (GRS) and Crisis Management Checklist (CMC) instruments...
2016: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
E Hoerner, K Schebesta, M Hüpfl, O Kimberger, B Roessler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Michael S Eldred
It is the intent of this article to define the strategy by which Combat Medics have been employed in contemporary stability operations and counterinsurgency conflicts. This article describes the advances in training based on Tactical Combat Casualty Care and how training evolved into an evidence-based model. Training platforms evolved with shifts in mission requirements, new technology, improved medical techniques, and changing protocols. The last portion of this article details recommendations in doctrine, materiel, and training that could enable optimal sustainment standards while retaining operational capability across a wide variety of combat and peace operations...
April 2016: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
Pierre Pasquier, Stéphane Mérat, Brice Malgras, Ludovic Petit, Xavier Queran, Christian Bay, Mathieu Boutonnet, Patrick Jault, Sylvain Ausset, Yves Auroy, Jean Paul Perez, Antoine Tesnière, François Pons, Alexandre Mignon
BACKGROUND: The French Military Health Service has standardized its military prehospital care policy in a ''Sauvetage au Combat'' (SC) program (Forward Combat Casualty Care). A major part of the SC training program relies on simulations, which are challenging and costly when dealing with more than 80,000 soldiers. In 2014, the French Military Health Service decided to develop and deploy 3D-SC1, a serious game (SG) intended to train and assess soldiers managing the early steps of SC. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to describe the creation and production of 3D-SC1 and to present its deployment...
2016: JMIR Serious Games
Rami A Ahmed, Jennifer Frey, Aimee K Gardner, James A Gordon, Rachel Yudkowsky, Ara Tekian
Background In the past few years, there has been rapid growth in the number of simulation fellowships for physicians in the United States and Canada, with the objective of producing faculty with expertise and leadership training in medical simulation. Relatively little is known about the collective content and structure of these new fellowship opportunities. Objective We sought to identify a common set of core curricular elements among existing simulation fellowships and to obtain demographic background information on participants and leadership...
May 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Ofir Ben-Assuli, Amitai Ziv, Doron Sagi, Avinoah Ironi, Moshe Leshno
Health care organizations have installed electronic systems to increase efficiency in health care. Empirically assessing the cost-effectiveness of technologies to the health care system is a challenging and complex task. This study examined cost-effectiveness of additional clinical information supplied via an EHR system by simulating a case of abdominal aortic aneurysm devised and acted professionally by the Israel Center of Medical Simulation. We conducted a simulation-based study on physicians who were asked to treat a simulated patient for the prevalent medical scenario of hip and leg pain that actually corresponded to an abdominal aortic aneurysm...
June 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
Simon Watmough, Helen Box, Nick Bennett, Alison Stewart, Michael Farrell
BACKGROUND: Preparing medical students with the skills necessary to deal with emergency situations as junior doctors can be challenging due to the complexities of creating authentic 'real life' experiences in artificial environments. The following paper is an evaluation of the UMUST (Unexpected Medical Undergraduate Simulation Training) project; a high-fidelity simulation based training programme designed to emulate the experience of dealing with medical emergencies for final year medical students preparing for practice as Foundation Year trainees...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Lana Kim, Barbara Couden Hernandez, Adrian Lavery, T Kent Denmark
Medical simulation has long been used as a way to immerse trainees in realistic practice scenarios to help them consolidate their formal medical knowledge and develop teamwork, communication, and technical skills. Debriefing is regarded as a critical aspect of simulation training. With a skilled debriefing facilitator, trainees are able to go beyond a rote review of the skills and steps taken to explore their internal process and self-reflect on how their experience during the simulation shaped their decision making and behavior...
June 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
N Schoch, F Kißler, M Stoll, S Engelhardt, R de Simone, I Wolf, R Bendl, V Heuveline
PURPOSE: Patient-specific biomechanical simulations of the behavior of soft tissue gain importance in current surgery assistance systems as they can provide surgeons with valuable ancillary information for diagnosis and therapy. In this work, we aim at supporting minimally invasive mitral valve reconstruction (MVR) surgery by providing scenario setups for FEM-based soft tissue simulations, which simulate the behavior of the patient-individual mitral valve subject to natural forces during the cardiac cycle after an MVR...
June 2016: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Yunhe Shen, Fan Wu, Kuo-Shih Tseng, Ding Ye, John Raymond, Badrinath Konety, Robert Sweet
Here we introduce a motion tracking or navigation module for medical simulation systems. Our main contribution is a sensor fusion method for proximity or distance sensors integrated with inertial measurement unit (IMU). Since IMU rotation tracking has been widely studied, we focus on the position or trajectory tracking of the instrument moving freely within a given boundary. In our experiments, we have found that this module reliably tracks instrument motion.
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Amber S Linde, Kevin Kunkler
The United States has been at war since 2003. During that time, training using Medical Simulation technology has been developed and integrated into military medical training for combat medics, nurses and surgeons. Efforts stemming from the Joint Programmatic Committee-1 (JPC-1) Medical Simulation and Training Portfolio has allowed for the improvement and advancement in military medical training by focusing on research in simulation training technology in order to achieve this. Based upon lessons learned capability gaps have been identified concerning the necessity to validate and enhance combat medial training simulators...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Venkata S Arikatla, Ricardo Ortiz, Tansel Halic, Sean Radigan, David Thompson, Suvranu De, Andinet Enquobahrie
In this paper we present an algorithm that allows for minimal end-user inputs by internally automating the creation and management of interactions amongst the objects in the scene in real-time medical simulation framework. A bi-directed graph (with nodes representing the scene objects and the connections representing the interactions) is formed based on the inputs from the user. This graph is then processed using a two stage algorithm that aims to find subgraphs that can be treated as independent sub-systems...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Heather M Delaney, Pedro F Lucero, Ryan C Maves, James V Lawler, Joseph K Maddry, Kimberlie A Biever, Shannon G Womble, Robert V Coffman, Clinton K Murray
INTRODUCTION: As part of an international response to the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak, the US Department of Defense has deployed thousands of personnel to help train and augment international health care workers. The transmission risk of this deadly virus to health care workers has been extreme, demonstrating the importance of safe practices while caring for these patients. Medical simulation training is well recognized as an integral component for disease outbreak preparedness...
April 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
H Schröder, N Zoremba, R Rossaint, K Deusser, C Stoppe, M Coburn, A Rieg, G Schälte
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare visualisation of the vocal cords and performance of intubation by anaesthetists using four different laryngoscopes while wearing full chemical protective equipment. SETTING: Medical simulation center of a university hospital, department of anaesthesiology. PARTICIPANTS: 42 anaesthetists (15 females and 27 males) completed the trial. The participants were grouped according to their professional education as anaesthesiology residents with experience of <2 years or <5 years, or as anaesthesiology specialists with experience of >5 years...
2016: BMJ Open
R M H G Jepsen, P Dieckmann, L Spanager, H T Lyk-Jensen, L Konge, C Ringsted, D Østergaard
BACKGROUND: Non-technical skills (NTS) are essential for safe and efficient anaesthesia. Assessment instruments with appropriate validity evidence can be used to ensure that anaesthesiologists possess the NTS necessary to deliver high-standard patient care. The aims were to collect validity evidence using a contemporary validity framework for the assessment instrument Anaesthesiologists' Non-Technical Skills in Denmark (ANTSdk) regarding response process and internal structure (including reliability), and to investigate the effect of rater training on these properties...
July 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
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