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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318274/do-multiple-health-events-reduce-resilience-when-compared-with-single-events
#1
Ruth T Morin, Isaac R Galatzer-Levy, Fiona Maccallum, George A Bonanno
OBJECTIVE: The impact of multiple major life stressors is hypothesized to reduce the probability of resilience and increase rates of mortality. However, this hypothesis lacks strong empirical support because of the lack of prospective evidence. This study investigated whether experiencing multiple major health events diminishes rates of resilience and increases rates of mortality using a large population-based prospective cohort. METHOD: There were n = 1,395 individuals sampled from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and examined prospectively from 2 years before 4 years after either single or multiple health events (lung disease, heart disease, stroke, or cancer)...
March 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317635/a-depressed-heart-atrial-fibrillation-and-pulmonary-hypertension-in-severe-pectus-excavatum
#2
Sumit Som, Tatyana Danilov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315609/the-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-device-potentiates-stress-reactivity
#3
Jurate Aleknaviciute, Joke H M Tulen, Yolanda B De Rijke, Christian G Bouwkamp, Mark van der Kroeg, Mirjam Timmermans, Vincent L Wester, Veerle Bergink, Witte J G Hoogendijk, Henning Tiemeier, Elisabeth F C van Rossum, Cornelis G Kooiman, Steven A Kushner
BACKGROUND: The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device (LNG-IUD) is currently recommended as a first-line contraceptive with an exclusively local intrauterine influence. However, recent clinical trials have identified side effects of LNG-IUD that appear to be systemically mediated, including depressed mood and emotional lability. METHODS: We performed two experimental studies and a cross-sectional study. For each study, women were included from three groups: LNG-IUD (0...
February 28, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314655/is-heart-failure-with-midrange-ejection-fraction-similar-to-preserved-ejection-fraction-against
#4
F Formiga
The new European guidelines (2016) for heart failure (HF) include the concept of HF with intermediate left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), i.e. an LVEF between 40 and 49%. Although few studies have been carried out, there are claims that HF with intermediate LVEF is not the same as HF with preserved LVEF. Perhaps the most consistent claim is the high percentage of associated ischemic heart disease, which could reflect LVEF recovery after adequate anti-ischemic treatment of HF with depressed LVEF, or even the progressive deterioration of LVEF following an ischemic event...
March 14, 2017: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314138/depression-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-individuals-with-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Shruti Chaturvedi, Marianne Clancy, Nicole Schaefer, Olalekan Oluwole, Keith R McCrae
INTRODUCTION: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is characterized by frequent severe bleeding, particularly epistaxis, and life-threatening complications including stroke, brain abscess and heart failure. The psychological impact of HHT is not known. We conducted this cross sectional study to determine the prevalence of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to HHT. METHODS: A survey tool comprising demographic and clinical information and two validated self-administered questionnaires, the PTSD checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5) and Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), was distributed to individuals with HHT...
March 9, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306705/impact-of-fatigue-characteristics-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-after-heart-transplantation
#6
Yu-Ying Chou, Yeur-Hur Lai, Shoei-Shen Wang, Shiow-Ching Shun
BACKGROUND: Fatigue has been identified as a major symptom in heart transplant (HTx) patients; however, researchers have not examined the role of fatigue characteristics (ie, intensity, interference, and duration) in the quality of life (QOL) of HTx patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore differences in physical and mental aspects of QOL by patient characteristics, as well as the association between fatigue characteristics and QOL in HTx patients after considering other confounding factors (symptom distress and psychological distress)...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306701/the-relationships-among-pain-depression-and-physical-activity-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#7
Christine Haedtke, Marianne Smith, John VanBuren, Dawn Klein, Carolyn Turvey
INTRODUCTION: Increasing patients' physical activity levels holds many opportunities to facilitate health and well-being among those with heart failure (HF) by improving HF symptoms and decreasing depression and pain. Given low exercise participation rates, an essential first step to increase exercise rates is to evaluate how pain and depression may further influence engagement in exercise programs. AIMS: The aims of this study were to describe the level of physical activity and exercise that patients with HF with depression achieve and to investigate the relationships among pain, depression, total activity time, and sitting time...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306532/evaluation-of-the-sub-chronic-toxicity-profile-of-the-corm-of-xanthosoma-sagittifolium-on-hematology-and-biochemistry-of-alloxan-induced-diabetic-wistar-rats
#8
Olayinka A Oridupa, Oluyemisi F Folasire, Adedotun J Owolabi
Background Hematological and biochemical changes associated with diabetes mellitus and probable reversal were assessed in alloxan-induced diabetic Wistar rats fed with varied percentages of Xanthosoma sagittifolium corm feed (Xs). The changes were compared to normoglycemic rats and diabetic rats treated with glibenclamide. Methods The study had eight groups in all with group 8 (control) consisting of five normoglycemic rats fed with normal rat pellets (Nrp). Diabetes was experimentally induced by intraperitoneal injection of alloxan to normoglycemic rats...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302658/analysis-of-the-psychosocial-impact-of-caretaking-on-the-parents-of-an-infant-with-severe-congenital-heart-defect
#9
Jessica Lazar, Mark Justin Hylarides
This case report considers the psychosocial burden of caring for an infant with a severe congenital heart defect (CHD) on parents. Improved prenatal diagnostics and postnatal surgical intervention have created a new and increasing demographic of children and adults with CHDs that require lifelong medical care. For this reason, primary caregivers spend excessive amounts of time in hospitals and medical facilities, and must regularly decipher vast amounts of unfamiliar medical terminology and concepts with varying levels of assistance from medical personnel...
March 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302152/myocardial-susceptibility-to-ischaemia-reperfusion-in-obesity-a-re-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-age
#10
I Webster, R Salie, E Marais, W-J Fan, G Maarman, B Huisamen, A Lochner
BACKGROUND: Reports on the effect of age and obesity on myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and ischaemic preconditioning are contradictory. The aim of this study was to re-evaluate the effects of age and diet-induced obesity (DIO) on myocardial I/R injury and preconditioning potential. METHODS: Four groups of Wistar male rats were used: age-matched controls (AMC) receiving standard rat chow for (i) 16 weeks and (ii) 16 months respectively; DIO rats receiving a sucrose-supplemented diet for (iii) 16 weeks and (iv) 16 months respectively...
March 17, 2017: BMC Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301860/it-is-a-painful-somatic-symptom-not-the-history-of-cancer-malignancy-that-is-associated-with-depression-findings-from-multiple-national-surveys
#11
Krystina Johnson, Maria D Politis, Andrew R Hansen, Lindsey E McKenzie, Dustin T Duncan, Jian Zhang
Medical case management has improved in the past few decades, changing the dynamic interaction between depression and prevalent medical diseases. It is relevant to describe the comorbidity between depression and medical diseases to further improve the effectiveness of case management. We analyzed the data of adults aged 20 years and older, who completed depression screening as a part of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005 to 2012. Depression was ascertained using the Patient Health Questionnaire, a 9-item screening instrument asking about the frequency of depression symptoms over the past 2 weeks...
April 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300627/serum-uric-acid-is-associated-with-better-executive-function-in-men-but-not-in-women-baseline-assessment-of-the-elsa-brasil-study
#12
Cristina Pellegrino Baena, Claudia Kimie Suemoto, Sandhi Barreto, Paulo Lotufo, Isabela Benseñor
BACKGROUND: Serum uric acid (SUA) may protect against free radical stress damage and was previously linked to cognitive impairment in older adults, but evidence in middle-aged adults is scarce. PURPOSE: We sought to analyze whether SUA is associated with cognitive performance in apparently healthy middle-aged participants in the ELSA-Brasil cohort study. METHODS: We excluded participants older than age 65, those taking allopurinol, benzbromarone, or medications that could impair cognitive performance, those with previous stroke, and those with incomplete data on cognitive tests or SUA...
March 11, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297596/relationship-between-current-depressive-symptoms-and-telomere-length-in-a-large-multiethnic-sample
#13
Nicholas D Wignall, Martin Deschner, Harry M Evans, E Sherwood Brown
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has suggested that depressive symptoms may be associated with telomere length; however, findings have been mixed, and few studies have sought to generalize the results beyond samples of white individuals. The present study, conducted from August 2013 through August 2015, sought to examine the relationship between depressive symptoms and leukocyte telomere length in a large (N = 2,710), multiethnic sample (African American, white, Hispanic) and to determine if this relationship differed across ethnic/racial groups...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293470/hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-and-depression-symptom-effects-of-an-arginine-vasopressin-type-1b-receptor-antagonist-in-a-one-week-randomized-phase-1b-trial
#14
David A Katz, Charles Locke, Nicholas Greco, Wei Liu, Katherine A Tracy
BACKGROUND: Arginine vasopressin 1B receptor (V1B) antagonists may have utility for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: The V1B antagonist ABT-436 (N = 31) or matching placebo (N = 20) was administered to MDD subjects for 7 days. The main study objectives were to assess the safety and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) effects of ABT-436 in MDD subjects. MDD symptoms were assessed using the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D-17) and the subject-rated Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire (MASQ)...
March 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290733/comparing-mental-health-literacy-and-physical-health-literacy-an-exploratory-study
#15
Robert Wickstead, Adrian Furnham
BACKGROUND: This study compared mental health and physical health literacy using five health problems from each area. AIMS: The aim was to determine whether the same group had better physical than mental health literacy Method: A sample of 263 participants completed an online questionnaire requiring them to name a problem/illness described in 10 vignettes and suggest treatment options. Five vignettes described mental health problems (anxiety, bipolar-disorder, depression, OCPD and schizophrenia) and five physical problems (angina, COPD, diabetes, a heart attack, and sinusitis)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285579/biopsychosocial-predictors-of-fall-events-among-older-african-americans
#16
Emily Joy Nicklett, Robert Joseph Taylor, Ola Rostant, Kimson E Johnson, Linnea Evans
This study identifies risk and protective factors for falls among older, community-dwelling African Americans. Drawing upon the biopsychosocial perspective, we conducted a series of sex- and age-adjusted multinomial logistic regression analyses to identify the correlates of fall events among older African Americans. Our sample consisted of 1,442 community-dwelling African Americans aged 65 and older, participating in the 2010-2012 rounds of the Health and Retirement Study. Biophysical characteristics associated with greater relative risk of experiencing single and/or multiple falls included greater functional limitations, poorer self-rated health, poorer self-rated vision, chronic illnesses (high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, lung disease, heart problems, stroke, and arthritis), greater chronic illness comorbidity, older age, and female sex...
April 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283422/importance-of-compensatory-heart-rate-increase-during-myocardial-ischemia-to-preserve-appropriate-oxygen-kinetics
#17
Sadamitsu Yoshida, Hitoshi Adachi, Makoto Murata, Junichi Tomono, Shigeru Oshima, Masahiko Kurabayashi
BACKGROUND: Myocardial ischemia induces cardiac dysfunction, resulting in insufficient oxygen supply to peripheral tissues and mismatched energy production during exercise. To relieve the insufficient oxygen supply, heart rate (HR) response is augmented; however, beta-adrenergic receptor blockers (BB) restrict HR response. Although BB are essential drugs for angina pectoris, the effect of BB on exercise tolerance in patients with angina has not been studied. The aim of this study was to clarify the importance of HR augmentation to preserve exercise tolerance in patients with angina pectoris...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281386/effects-of-depression-and-melatonergic-antidepressant-treatment-alone-and-in-combination-with-sedative-hypnotics-on-heart-rate-variability-implications-for-cardiovascular-risk
#18
Chuan-Chia Chang, Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Chin-Bin Yeh, Terry B J Kuo, San-Yuan Huang, Hsin-An Chang
OBJECTIVES: To examine heart rate variability (HRV) in unmedicated patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and its changes after treatment with agomelatine alone and in combination with sedative-hypnotics. METHODS: We recruited 152 physically healthy, unmedicated patients with MDD and 472 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers. Frequency-domain measures of HRV were obtained during enrolment for all participants and again for MDD patients after 6 weeks of treatment with agomelatine alone and combining sedative-hypnotics...
March 10, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277858/pathophysiology-of-dyspnea-in-copd
#19
Antonio Anzueto, Marc Miravitlles
Dyspnea refers to the sensation of breathlessness, shortness of breath, or difficulty breathing that is commonly observed in patients with respiratory and cardiac disease. In the United States alone, dyspnea is reported in up to 4 million all-cause emergency room visits annually. Dyspnea can be a symptom of several different underlying physical conditions, typically involving the lung and heart. Indeed, it is an important symptom in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), where it is associated with limited physical activity, increased anxiety and depression, decreased health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and reduced survival...
March 17, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277383/the-use-of-vasopressors-during-spinal-anaesthesia-for-caesarean-section
#20
Warwick D Ngan Kee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hypotension remains one of the most researched subjects in obstetric anaesthesia. The purpose of this study is to review the most recent published articles on the use of vasopressors during spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite continued research indicating advantages of phenylephrine over ephedrine, practitioners in some countries continue to favour ephedrine. Recent research has continued to compare the two drugs with some work emerging on high-risk patients...
March 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
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