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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021899/reliability-of-self-report-measures-of-correlates-of-obesity-related-behaviours-in-hong-kong-adolescents-for-the-ihealt-h-and-ipen-adolescent-studies
#1
Ester Cerin, Cindy H P Sit, Anthony Barnett, Wendy Y J Huang, Gemma Y Gao, Stephen H S Wong, James F Sallis
BACKGROUND: This study examined the reliability of measures of correlates of dietary behaviours (DBs), physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) for Hong Kong adolescents. METHOD: Individual, social and environmental correlates of obesity-related behaviours were assessed twice, 15-27 days apart (average 20 days), via self-administered questionnaires. These questionnaire included measures of decisional balance, self-efficacy, enjoyment and social support related to intake of fruits, vegetables, high-fat foods and sugar-sweetened beverages, PA behaviour and SB...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017175/body-weight-changes-after-deep-brain-stimulation-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-or-depression
#2
Rosalie S N Linssen, Marloes S Oudijn, Mariska Mantione, Pepijn van den Munckhof, Damiaan Denys, P Richard Schuurman
BACKGROUND: In 2010, we published an often-cited case report describing smoking cessation and substantial weight loss after deep brain stimulation (DBS) for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in an obese patient. To test whether this single observation was also observed in the treated population at large, the weight changes of a larger cohort of patients who underwent DBS for OCD or major depressive disorder (MDD) were studied. RESULTS: Data were available for 46 patients (30 OCD and 16 MDD patients; mean age 46...
2017: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820391/deep-brain-stimulation-alters-light-phase-food-intake-microstructure-in-rats
#3
P Prinz, P Kobelt, S Scharner, M Goebel-Stengel, D Harnack, K Faust, Y Winter, M Rose, A Stengel
Treatment of eating disorders like obesity or anorexia is challenging. Options are limited and new approaches desired. An interesting approach is the application of deep brain stimulation (DBS). The nucleus accumbens (NAcc) is part of the food reward system. A pilot study reported that DBS of the NAcc shell modulates food intake and body weight in rats. Underlying mechanisms such as the food intake microstructure are unknown so far. Normal weight female Sprague-Dawley rats were equipped with a custom-made DBS electrode placed unilaterally in the NAcc shell...
June 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817418/neuromodulation-and-neurofeedback-treatments-in-eating-disorders-and-obesity
#4
Bethan Dalton, Iain C Campbell, Ulrike Schmidt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Psychological interventions are the treatment of choice for most eating disorders; however, significant proportions of patients do not recover with these. Advances in understanding of the neurobiology of eating disorders have led to the development of targeted treatments, such as deep brain stimulation (DBS), noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS), and neurofeedback. We review the emerging clinical evidence for the use of these interventions in eating disorders and obesity, together with their theoretical rationale...
November 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159330/neurosurgery-of-the-future-deep-brain-stimulations-and-manipulations
#5
REVIEW
Stylianos Nicolaidis
Important advances are afoot in the field of neurosurgery-particularly in the realms of deep brain stimulation (DBS), deep brain manipulation (DBM), and the newly introduced refinement "closed-loop" deep brain stimulation (CLDBS). Use of closed-loop technology will make both DBS and DBM more precise as procedures and will broaden their indications. CLDBS utilizes as feedback a variety of sources of electrophysiological and neurochemical afferent information about the function of the brain structures to be treated or studied...
April 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920671/proceedings-of-the-fourth-annual-deep-brain-stimulation-think-tank-a-review-of-emerging-issues-and-technologies
#6
Wissam Deeb, James J Giordano, Peter J Rossi, Alon Y Mogilner, Aysegul Gunduz, Jack W Judy, Bryan T Klassen, Christopher R Butson, Craig Van Horne, Damiaan Deny, Darin D Dougherty, David Rowell, Greg A Gerhardt, Gwenn S Smith, Francisco A Ponce, Harrison C Walker, Helen M Bronte-Stewart, Helen S Mayberg, Howard J Chizeck, Jean-Philippe Langevin, Jens Volkmann, Jill L Ostrem, Jonathan B Shute, Joohi Jimenez-Shahed, Kelly D Foote, Aparna Wagle Shukla, Marvin A Rossi, Michael Oh, Michael Pourfar, Paul B Rosenberg, Peter A Silburn, Coralie de Hemptine, Philip A Starr, Timothy Denison, Umer Akbar, Warren M Grill, Michael S Okun
This paper provides an overview of current progress in the technological advances and the use of deep brain stimulation (DBS) to treat neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders, as presented by participants of the Fourth Annual DBS Think Tank, which was convened in March 2016 in conjunction with the Center for Movement Disorders and Neurorestoration at the University of Florida, Gainesveille FL, USA. The Think Tank discussions first focused on policy and advocacy in DBS research and clinical practice, formation of registries, and issues involving the use of DBS in the treatment of Tourette Syndrome...
2016: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826085/short-term-adverse-outcomes-after-deep-brain-stimulation-treatment-in-patients-with-parkinson-disease
#7
Kejia Hu, Ziev B Moses, Matthew M Hutter, Ziv Williams
BACKGROUND: Despite ongoing progress in our understanding of long-term outcomes after neuromodulation procedures, acute adverse outcomes shortly after deep brain stimulation (DBS) treatment have remained remarkably limited. OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors associated with acute 30-day outcomes after DBS treatment in patients with Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS: We evaluated patients who underwent DBS treatment for PD from 2005 to 2014 through the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database...
February 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780976/impact-of-parental-obesity-on-neonatal-markers-of-inflammation-and-immune-response
#8
M M Broadney, N Chahal, K A Michels, A C McLain, A Ghassabian, D A Lawrence, E H Yeung
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Maternal obesity may influence neonatal and childhood morbidities through increased inflammation and/or altered immune response. Less is known about paternal obesity. We hypothesized that excessive parental weight contributes to elevated inflammation and altered immunoglobulin (Ig) profiles in neonates. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In the Upstate KIDS Study maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) was obtained from vital records and paternal BMI from maternal report...
January 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748014/beneficial-effects-of-replacing-diet-beverages-with-water-on-type-2-diabetic-obese-women-following-a-hypo-energetic-diet-a-randomized-24-week-clinical-trial
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ameneh Madjd, Moira A Taylor, Alireza Delavari, Reza Malekzadeh, Ian A Macdonald, Hamid R Farshchi
AIMS: To compare the effect of replacing diet beverages (DBs) with water or continuing to drink DBs in patients with type 2 diabetes during a 24-week weight loss program. The primary endpoint was the effect of intervention on weight over a 24-week period. The main secondary endpoints included anthropometric measurement and glucose and fat metabolism during the 24-week period. METHODS: A total of 81 overweight and obese women with type 2 diabetes, who usually consumed DBs in their diet, were asked to either substitute water for DBs or continue drinking DBs five times per week after lunch for 24 weeks (DBs group) during a weight loss program...
January 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438859/dbs-for-obesity
#10
REVIEW
Ruth Franco, Erich T Fonoff, Pedro Alvarenga, Antonio Carlos Lopes, Euripides C Miguel, Manoel J Teixeira, Durval Damiani, Clement Hamani
Obesity is a chronic, progressive and prevalent disorder. Morbid obesity, in particular, is associated with numerous comorbidities and early mortality. In patients with morbid obesity, pharmacological and behavioral approaches often have limited results. Bariatric surgery is quite effective but is associated with operative failures and a non-negligible incidence of side effects. In the last decades, deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been investigated as a neurosurgical modality to treat various neuropsychiatric disorders...
July 18, 2016: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27154450/nucleus-accumbens-stimulation-in-pathological-obesity
#11
Marek Harat, Marcin Rudaś, Piotr Zieliński, Julita Birska, Paweł Sokal
One of the potential treatment methods of obesity is deep brain stimulation (DBS) of nucleus accumbens. We describe the case of 19 years old woman with hypothalamic obesity. She weighted 151.4 kg before DBS and the non-surgical methods proved to be inefficient. She was treated with implantation of DBS electrode to nucleus accumbens bilaterally. Results were measured with body mass index and neuropsychological tests. Follow-up was 14 months. Fourteen months after surgery weight was 138 kg, BMI was 48.3. Neuropsychological test results were intact...
2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26846420/eliciting-parental-support-for-the-use-of-newborn-blood-spots-for-pediatric-research
#12
Edwina H Yeung, Germaine Buck Louis, David Lawrence, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Alexander C McLain, Michele Caggana, Charlotte Druschel, Erin Bell
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers of exposures such as infection or environmental chemicals can be measured in small volumes of blood extracted from newborn dried blood spots (DBS) underscoring their potential utility for population-based research. However, few studies have evaluated the feasibility and utility of this resource; particularly the factors associated with parental consent, and the ability to retrieve banked samples with sufficient remaining volume for epidemiologic research. METHODS: At 8 months postpartum, 5,034 mothers of infants born (2008-2010) in New York (57 counties excluding New York City) were asked to consent for the use of residual DBS for the quantification of cytokines and environmental chemicals...
February 4, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26819774/deep-brain-stimulation-for-obesity-from-a-theoretical-framework-to-practical-application
#13
REVIEW
Raj K Nangunoori, Nestor D Tomycz, Michael Y Oh, Donald M Whiting
Obesity remains a pervasive global health problem. While there are a number of nonsurgical and surgical options for treatment, the incidence of obesity continues to increase at an alarming rate. The inability to curtail the growing rise of the obesity epidemic may be related to a combination of increased food availability and palatability. Research into feeding behavior has yielded a number of insights into the homeostatic and reward mechanisms that govern feeding. However, there remains a gap between laboratory investigations of feeding physiology in animals and translation into meaningful treatment options for humans...
2016: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26788743/emerging-applications-of-deep-brain-stimulation
#14
REVIEW
Mayur Sharma, Vikas Naik, Milind Deogaonkar
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) implantation surgery is an established treatment modality for a variety of medical refractory movement disorders such as Parkinson's disease, essential tremors and dystonia. Following the success of DBS in these movement disorders with a high rate of safety and efficacy, there is a resurgence of interest in the utility of this modality in other medical refractory disorders. Consequently, neuromodulation has been explored for a variety of refractory conditions such as neuropsychiatric disorders (major depressive disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, addictions), eating disorders including obesity, traumatic brain injury, post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD), dementias and chronic pain...
June 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26537940/effects-on-weight-loss-in-adults-of-replacing-diet-beverages-with-water-during-a-hypoenergetic-diet-a-randomized-24-wk-clinical-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ameneh Madjd, Moira A Taylor, Alireza Delavari, Reza Malekzadeh, Ian A Macdonald, Hamid R Farshchi
BACKGROUND: Obese people believe that drinking diet beverages (DBs) may be a simple strategy to achieve weight loss. However, nutritionists advise drinking water when attempting to lose weight. It is unclear how important drinking water instead of DBs is during a weight-loss program. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we compared the effect on weight loss of either replacing DBs with water or continuing to consume DBs in adults during a 24-wk weight-loss program. DESIGN: Overweight and obese women [n = 89; body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)): 27-40; age: 18-50 y] who usually consumed DBs in their diet were asked to either substitute water for DBs (water group) or continue drinking DBs 5 times/wk after their lunch for 24 wk (DB group) while on a weight-loss program...
December 2015: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26536030/development-and-validation-of-the-body-size-scale-for-assessing-body-weight-perception-in-african-populations
#16
Emmanuel Cohen, Jonathan Y Bernard, Amandine Ponty, Amadou Ndao, Norbert Amougou, Rihlat Saïd-Mohamed, Patrick Pasquet
BACKGROUND: The social valorisation of overweight in African populations could promote high-risk eating behaviours and therefore become a risk factor of obesity. However, existing scales to assess body image are usually not accurate enough to allow comparative studies of body weight perception in different African populations. This study aimed to develop and validate the Body Size Scale (BSS) to estimate African body weight perception. METHODS: Anthropometric measures of 80 Cameroonians and 81 Senegalese were used to evaluate three criteria of adiposity: body mass index (BMI), overall percentage of fat, and endomorphy (fat component of the somatotype)...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26180683/deep-brain-stimulation-for-obesity
#17
REVIEW
Allen L Ho, Eric S Sussman, Michael Zhang, Arjun V Pendharkar, Dan E Azagury, Cara Bohon, Casey H Halpern
Obesity is now the third leading cause of preventable death in the US, accounting for 216,000 deaths annually and nearly 100 billion dollars in health care costs. Despite advancements in bariatric surgery, substantial weight regain and recurrence of the associated metabolic syndrome still occurs in almost 20-35% of patients over the long-term, necessitating the development of novel therapies. Our continually expanding knowledge of the neuroanatomic and neuropsychiatric underpinnings of obesity has led to increased interest in neuromodulation as a new treatment for obesity refractory to current medical, behavioral, and surgical therapies...
March 2015: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26130928/obesity-and-deep-brain-stimulation-an-overview
#18
REVIEW
Rahul Kumar, Constance V Simpson, Clifford A Froelich, Brandon C Baughman, Andrew J Gienapp, Karl A Sillay
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been employed to treat a variety of disorders such as Parkinson disease, dystonia, and essential tremor. Newer indications such as epilepsy and obsessive-compulsive disorder have been added to the armamentarium. In this review, we present an initial summary of current methods in the management of obesity and then explore efforts in neuromodulation and DBS as a novel modality in the treatment of obesity disorders.
July 2015: Annals of Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26111443/newborn-adipokines-and-birth-outcomes
#19
Edwina H Yeung, Alexander C McLain, Nancy Anderson, David Lawrence, Nansi S Boghossian, Charlotte Druschel, Erin Bell
BACKGROUND: Adipokines can serve as a measure of adipose tissue activity. Although birthweight correlates with neonatal adiposity, findings for cord blood levels of adipokines and birth outcomes have been conflicted. Therefore, we determined the cross-sectional associations between adipokines measured in newborn dried blood spots (DBS) and birth outcomes. METHODS: The Upstate KIDS study enrolled mothers and infants from 2008 to 2010. Among infants whose parents consented to the use of residual DBS from newborn screening, 2397 singletons and 1240 twins had adipokine measurements from the Human Obesity Panel (R&D Systems) by Luminex...
July 2015: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26110109/neuroimaging-and-neuromodulation-approaches-to-study-eating-behavior-and-prevent-and-treat-eating-disorders-and-obesity
#20
REVIEW
D Val-Laillet, E Aarts, B Weber, M Ferrari, V Quaresima, L E Stoeckel, M Alonso-Alonso, M Audette, C H Malbert, E Stice
Functional, molecular and genetic neuroimaging has highlighted the existence of brain anomalies and neural vulnerability factors related to obesity and eating disorders such as binge eating or anorexia nervosa. In particular, decreased basal metabolism in the prefrontal cortex and striatum as well as dopaminergic alterations have been described in obese subjects, in parallel with increased activation of reward brain areas in response to palatable food cues. Elevated reward region responsivity may trigger food craving and predict future weight gain...
2015: NeuroImage: Clinical
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