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Foot arthroplasty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529866/which-orthopaedic-patients-are-infected-with-gram-negative-non-fermenting-rods
#1
Omid Jamei, Shpresa Gjoni, Besa Zenelaj, Benjamin Kressmann, Wilson Belaieff, Didier Hannouche, Ilker Uçkay
Background : 1(st) and 2(nd) generation cephalosporins used for perioperative prophylaxis in orthopaedic surgery do not cover non-fermenting Gram-negative rods (NFR). Methods: Epidemiological cohort study of adult patients operated for orthopedic infections between 2004 and 2014 with perioperative cefuroxim or vancomycin prophylaxis. Exclusion of polyneuropathic ischemic foot infections and septic bursitis cases. Results: Of the total 1840 surgical procedures in the study, 430 grew Gram-negative pathogens (23%), of which 194 (11%) were due to NFR and 143 (8%) to Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
2017: J Bone Jt Infect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523427/-total-ankle-arthroplasty-with-simultaneous-subtalar-fusion
#2
J Mainzer, P Rippstein
OBJECTIVE: Pain free weight bearing ability with orthograde hindfoot position and preserved tibiotalar motion. INDICATIONS: Symptomatic arthritis of the ankle and subtalar joint, additional subtalar hindfoot malalignment. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Absolute: acute infection, noncorrectable ligamentous instability or bony defects, restricted perfusion, diabetic foot syndrome. Relative: inability to comply with postoperative partial weight bearing, only moderate symptoms of subtalar arthritis, smoking, intricate soft tissue situation...
May 18, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507975/charcot-fracture-in-the-calcaneus-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#3
Hirokazu Takai, Katsuhiko Kiyota, Nobutake Nakane, Tomoki Takahashi
INTRODUCTION: Only a few reports have described calcaneus fractures after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Therefore, in this report, we describe a case of calcaneal avulsion fracture that occurred 5 weeks after a TKA in a relatively young male patient with syphilis. CASE REPORT: A 63-year-old man with syphilis had Charcot joint of the right knee. The patient developed severe varus deformity and contracture and experienced severe pain in the knee. TKA was performed to alleviate the pain and improve the patient's gait...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481385/an-assessment-of-the-safety-of-an-orthopedic-specialty-hospital-a-5-year-experience
#4
Eric M Padegimas, Matthew L Ramsey, Matthew Austin, Javad Parvizi, Gerald R Williams, Kelly Doyle, Michael E West, Richard H Rothman, Alexander R Vaccaro, Surena Namdari
One of the goals of orthopedic specialty hospitals is to provide safe and efficient care to medically optimized patients. The authors' orthopedic specialty hospital is a physician-owned, 24-bed facility that accommodates a multispecialty orthopedic practice in the areas of spine, hip and knee arthroplasty, shoulder and elbow, sports, foot and ankle, and hand surgery. The purpose of this study was to examine the first 5 years of an institutional experience with an orthopedic specialty hospital and to determine if any procedures were at increased risk of postoperative transfer...
May 8, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476393/is-it-worth-discriminating-against-patients-who-smoke-a-systematic-literature-review-on-the-effects-of-tobacco-use-in-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#5
REVIEW
Jason H Kim, Sandeep Patel
Although numerous studies have linked smoking with lower extremity wound and bone healing complications, a comprehensive study on the effects of smoking in foot and ankle surgery has not yet been reported. The purpose of the present study was to report the results of our systemic literature review, identifying the effects of tobacco use on common foot and ankle procedures. The systematic literature review was performed according to guidelines set by the PRIMSA statement (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses)...
May 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462686/midterm-outcome-of-the-agility-total-ankle-arthroplasty
#6
Steven M Raikin, Kristin Sandrowski, Justin M Kane, David Beck, Brian S Winters
BACKGROUND: Ankle arthritis is a debilitating condition that causes severe functional impairment. While arthrodesis has been the gold standard of surgical treatment for this condition, significant improvements in total ankle arthroplasty have made it a viable alternative. The purpose of this study was to look at the midterm follow-up of the Agility total ankle. METHODS: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data was conducted on 127 consecutive Agility total ankles implanted between 2002 and 2009...
April 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456333/how-symmetric-are-metal-on-metal-hip-resurfacing-patients-during-gait-insights-for-the-rehabilitation
#7
Renan A Resende, Renata N Kirkwood, John F Rudan, Kevin J Deluzio
Metal-on-metal hip resurfacing patients demonstrate hip biomechanics closer to normal in comparison to total hip arthroplasty during gait. However, it is not clear how symmetric is the gait of hip resurfacing patients. Biomechanical data of 12 unilateral metal-on-metal hip resurfacing participants were collected during gait at a mean time of 45months (SD 24) after surgery. Ankle, knee, hip, pelvis and trunk kinematics and kinetics of both sides were measured with a motion and force-capture system. Principal component analysis and mean hypothesis' tests were used to compare the operated and healthy sides...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395685/the-benefit-of-pharmacological-venous-thromboprophylaxis-in-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#8
N P Saragas, P N F Ferrao, B F Jacobson, E Saragas, A Strydom
BACKGROUND: Ten percent of patients with a deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) will develop a fatal pulmonary embolism (PE), often initially asymptomatic. The risks and benefits of pharmacological thromboprophylaxis are well documented in respect of total joint arthroplasty and hip fractures, but little is understood about the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) or the potential risks and benefits of chemoprophylaxis in foot and ankle surgery. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether prophylactic chemoprophylaxis had any impact on the prevention of VTE in a cohort of foot and ankle surgical patients requiring the combination of below-knee cast immobilisation and non-weightbearing for ≥4 weeks...
March 29, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367694/long-term-follow-up-of-arthrodesis-vs-total-joint-arthroplasty-for-hallux-rigidus
#9
Oliver D Stone, Robbie Ray, Colin E Thomson, J N Alastair Gibson
BACKGROUND: The optimal operative management of hallux rigidus is still a matter for debate among surgeons. Despite arthrodesis widely considered to be the gold standard treatment, many surgeons advocate arthroplasty as a suitable alternative. There are, however, few long-term or high-quality studies evaluating these modalities. We present the 15-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: This data is the follow-up to the original study published in 2005...
April 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358975/age-related-outcome-of-mobile-bearing-total-ankle-replacement
#10
Federico G Usuelli, Camilla Maccario, Riccardo D'Ambrosi, Michele F Surace, Ettore Vulcano
The aim of this study was to investigate clinical and radiographic outcomes in patients 50 years and younger vs patients older than 50 years undergoing total ankle replacement. Seventy consecutive patients who underwent primary total ankle replacement were included in this retrospective study. Patients were assessed clinically and radiographically. There was a statistically significant difference between the 2 groups for the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society score at final follow-up. The younger group had significantly greater improvement compared with the older group...
May 1, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333570/plantar-pressure-and-surgical-indication-of-toe-arthroplasty-for-rheumatoid-forefoot-deformity
#11
Hyunho Lee, Hajime Ishikawa, Yusuke Miyagawa, Chinatsu Takai, Yumi Nomura, Tetsuya Nemoto, Daisuke Kobayashi, Asami Abe, Hiroshi Otani, Satoshi Ito, Kiyoshi Nakazono, Takao Ishii, Shu Saito, Yasuaki Tokuhashi, Akira Murasawa
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to clarify the surgical indication for rheumatoid forefoot deformity according to background characteristics and plantar pressure. METHODS: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis were divided into a non-surgical group (group N) and a surgical group (group S). The former consisted of 225 ft, and the latter consisted of 88 ft. DAS28, Japanese Society for Surgery of the Foot rheumatoid arthritis foot and ankle scale (JSSF scale) and hallux valgus angle (HVA) were evaluated as background characteristics...
March 23, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306181/total-ankle-replacement-in-patients-with-haemophilic-arthropathy-primary-arthroplasty-and-conversion-of-painful-ankle-arthrodesis-to-arthroplasty
#12
M Preis, T Bailey, M Jacxsens, A Barg
INTRODUCTION: There are two general surgical approaches for operative treatment of end-stage haemophilic ankle arthropathy: ankle arthrodesis and total ankle replacement (TAR). AIM: The aim of this study was to determine intraoperative and postoperative complications and evaluate the mid-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of TAR in patients with haemophilic arthropathy. METHODS: Fourteen patients with a mean age of 51.4 ± 10.2 years (range = 32...
March 17, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302130/comparison-of-distraction-arthroplasty-alone-versus-combined-with-arthroscopic-microfracture-in-treatment-of-post-traumatic-ankle-arthritis
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Kaibin Zhang, Yiqiu Jiang, Jing Du, Tianqi Tao, Wang Li, Yang Li, Jianchao Gui
BACKGROUND: This study aims to compare clinical outcomes of distraction arthroplasty alone versus combined with arthroscopic microfracture in treating post-traumatic ankle arthritis. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of 96 patients (96 ankles) who underwent distraction arthroplasty alone or combined with arthroscopic microfracture between May 2005 and April 2012. Patients were divided into the distraction group (n = 46) and the combined group (n = 50)...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282671/pedobarographic-analysis-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#14
Melih Güven, Onur Kocadal, Budak Akman, Uğur Şayli, Faik Altıntaş
Pedobarographic gait analysis is a useful tool for the determination of loading distributions and alterations on the lower extremity and their reflection on the foot sole after many orthopaedic surgical applications. To date, there have been no studies evaluating the relationship between component alignment and changes of pedobarographic gait analysis in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We aimed to investigate the effects of TKA and prosthetic alignment on the distribution of pedobarographic parameters. Quantitative gait patterns of 47 patients were prospectively evaluated by using pedobarography 1 week before surgery and at the seventh month, on average, postoperatively...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261425/intermittent-pneumatic-compression-for-the-prevention-of-venous-thromboembolism-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#15
Hong Suk Kwak, Jai Ho Cho, Jung Taek Kim, Jeong Joon Yoo, Hee Joong Kim
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a relatively common and potentially life threatening complication after major hip surgery. There are two main types of prophylaxis: chemical and mechanical. Chemical prophylaxis is very effective but causes bleeding complications in surgical wounds and remote organs. On the other hand, mechanical methods are free of hemorrhagic complications but are less effective. We hypothesized that mechanical prophylaxis is effective enough for Asians in whom VTE occurs less frequently...
March 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259027/patient-reported-outcomes-six-months-following-surgical-treatment-of-end-stage-hallux-rigidus-in-a-community-based-podiatric-surgery-service
#16
Anthony John Maher
INTRODUCTION: End stage hallux rigidus can be treated surgically by arthrodesis, excisional arthroplasty and implant arthroplasty. Evaluation of these techniques has focused on clinical indicators such as radiographic, complications and subjective examination. Little attention has been given to health related quality of life and the use of patient reported outcome measures is still infrequent. METHOD: An evaluation was undertaken in a community based podiatric surgery service...
March 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256494/total-knee-replacement-in-a-resource-constrained-environment-a-preliminary-report
#17
U E Anyaehie, G O Eyichukwu, C U Nwadinigwe
INTRODUCTION: Total knee replacement surgery is relatively new in Nigeria and available in few centres only. It has been evolving at a slow pace because of the lack of facilities, structures and adequate surgical expertise alongside patient ignorance and poverty. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to review the cases done in a resource constrained institution in Nigeria and report the short term outcomes. METHODOLOGY: All the patients that were booked for Total knee replacement, using same prosthesis over a 40 month period, were recruited into the study...
March 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245830/ankle-joint-distraction-arthroplasty-for-severe-ankle-arthritis
#18
Yang Xu, Yuan Zhu, Xiang-Yang Xu
BACKGROUND: Ankle distraction arthroplasty is one option for the treatment of severe ankle arthritis in young patients. The outcomes and factors predicting success in distraction arthroplasty are poorly understood. METHODS: From January 2011 to May 2015, 16 patients who had undergone ankle distraction arthroplasty for ankle arthritis were operated, including six males and ten females. All patients were available for analysis. The main outcome measurements included joint space on weight bearing radiographs, AOFAS-AH scores (American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot score), VAS scores and SF-36 scores...
February 28, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229355/femoral-shaft-osteotomy-for-obligate-outward-rotation-due-to-scfe
#19
Peter M Stevens, Lucas Anderson, Bruce A MacWilliams
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is an adolescent disease that leads to retroversion of the femoral neck and shaft, relative to the head. Observing that patients with SCFE must walk with an outward foot progression angle and externally rotate the leg in order to flex the hip, we have been performing a femoral shaft rotational osteotomy wherein we rotate the lower femur 45° inward, relative to the upper femur. By correcting retroversion, our goal is to improve functional hip and knee motion, thereby mitigating the effects of SCFE impingement...
April 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216754/transfibular-ankle-arthrodesis-a-novel-method-for-ankle-fusion-a-short-term-retrospective-study
#20
S Muthukumar Balaji, V Selvaraj, Sathish Devadoss, Annamalai Devadoss
BACKGROUND: Ankle arthrodesis has long been the traditional operative treatment for posttraumatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, infection, neuromuscular conditions, and salvage of failed ankle arthroplasty. It remains the treatment of choice for patients in whom heavy and prolonged activity is anticipated. We present our short term followup study of functional outcome of patients who underwent transfibular ankle arthrodesis for arthritis of ankle due to various indications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 29 transfibular ankle arthrodesis in 29 patients performed between April 2009 and April 2014 were included in this study...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
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