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Foot arthroplasty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154230/use-of-kinesiology-taping-in-rehabilitation-after-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomised-clinical-study
#1
Weronika Woźniak-Czekierda, Kamil Woźniak, Anna Hadamus, Dariusz Białoszewski
BACKGROUND: Proprioception and body balance after knee arthroplasty have a considerable impact on restoration of joint function and a normal gait pattern. Kinesiology Taping (KT) is a method that may be able to influence these factors. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of KT application on sensorimotor efficiency, balance and gait in patients undergoing rehabili-ta--tion after knee replacement surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 120 male and female patients (mean age was 69 years) after total knee repla-cement...
October 31, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146221/takedown-of-ankle-arthrodesis-with-insufficient-fibula-surgical-technique-and-intermediate-term-follow-up
#2
John M Schuberth, Jeffrey C Christensen, Chad Seidenstricker
Conversion of ankle arthrodesis to total ankle arthroplasty has recently gained popularity. However, technical challenges are present when treating patients without a sufficient fibular buttress. We describe a technique for restoration of an adequate fibular buttress using an iliac crest bone graft or malleolar relocation. The results of 10 patients with an average follow-up period of 56 (range 24 to 123) months are presented. Of the 10 patients, 3 underwent tricortical iliac bone augmentation of the fibula, 4 underwent repositioning of the remnant fibula, and in 3, the in situ fibula was used...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076886/effects-of-forced-air-warming-on-airflow-around-the-operating-table
#3
Kazuhiro Shirozu, Tetsuya Kai, Hidekazu Setoguchi, Nobuyasu Ayagaki, Sumio Hoka
BACKGROUND: Forced air warming systems are used to maintain body temperature during surgery. Benefits of forced air warming have been established, but the possibility that it may disturb the operating room environment and contribute to surgical site contamination is debated. The direction and speed of forced air warming airflow and the influence of laminar airflow in the operating room have not been reported. METHODS: In one institutional operating room, we examined changes in airflow speed and direction from a lower-body forced air warming device with sterile drapes mimicking abdominal surgery or total knee arthroplasty, and effects of laminar airflow, using a three-dimensional ultrasonic anemometer...
October 26, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028624/foot-pressure-pattern-hindfoot-deformities-and-their-associations-with-foot-pain-in-individuals-with-advanced-medial-knee-osteoarthritis
#4
Isao Saito, Kyoji Okada, Masahiko Wakasa, Hidekazu Abe, Akira Saito
This survey clarified foot pressure patterns and hindfoot deformities in individuals with advanced knee osteoarthritis (OA) and analyzed their associations with foot pain. Sixty-four individuals with unilateral knee OA who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were divided into the following groups: no foot pain (n=26; men:women, 4:22; mean age, 73.7 years), foot pain resolved after TKA (12; 2:10; 75.8), and foot pain remaining after TKA (26; 4:22; 74.7). Elderly individuals without pain or deformity in either knee (54; 10:44; 74...
October 6, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975843/long-term-follow-up-of-capsular-interposition-arthroplasty-for-hallux-rigidus
#5
Ettore Vulcano, Andy L Chang, David Solomon, Mark Myerson
BACKGROUND: Capsular interposition arthroplasty is a joint- and motion-sparing procedure that has been shown as an effective alternative to fusion. This study aimed to evaluate patient function and satisfaction after long-term follow-up. METHODS: Sixty-four patients were treated with capsular interposition arthroplasty for hallux rigidus by the senior author performed between February 1998 and July 2011. Twenty-two patients could not be reached for follow-up and were thus excluded from the analysis...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971359/baropodometry-on-patients-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#6
A Notarnicola, G Maccagnano, A Fiore, A Spinarelli, L Montenegro, M Paoloni, F Pastore, S Tafuri, B Moretti
PURPOSE: It is well known that total knee replacement surgery decreases pain and improves function, but the effect on postural assessment needs to be studied better with the use of new technological devices. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) improves motor coordination and stability of the knee. On the other hand, changing joint functionality can modify the balance. The aim of this trial is to record and analyze the static and dynamic baropodometric data of patients in the first few months following joint replacement...
October 3, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963155/comparison-of-the-outcome-of-total-ankle-arthroplasty-for-osteoarthritis-with-moderate-and-severe-varus-malalignment-and-that-with-neutral-alignment
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
S-D Joo, K-B Lee
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) in patients with pre-operatively moderate and severe arthritic varus ankles to those achieved for patients with neutral ankles. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 105 patients (105 ankles), matched for age, gender, body mass index, and follow-up duration, were divided into three groups by pre-operative coronal plane tibiotalar angle; neutral (< 5°), moderate (5° to 15°) and severe (> 15°) varus deformity...
October 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955681/recent-updates-of-the-diagnosis-and-prevention-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-patients-with-a-hip-fracture
#8
REVIEW
Won Chul Shin, Sang Min Lee, Kuen Tak Suh
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a potentially fatal complication that is relatively common after hip surgery. Since patients with a hip fracture have a higher risk of preoperative VTE due to an inability to ambulate after injury and aggravation of underlying age-related conditions, it may be difficult to effectively prevent VTE using only conventional approaches. Very few studies have been published reporting on the prevalence and prevention of VTE in patients with a hip fracture compared to those with hip arthroplasty...
September 2017: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948831/midterm-outcomes-of-a-fixed-bearing-total-ankle-arthroplasty-with-deformity-analysis
#9
Andrew Harston, Alexander L Lazarides, Samuel Adams, James DeOrio, Mark Easley, James Nunley
BACKGROUND: We present our results with an INBONE I (Wright Medical, Memphis, TN) prosthesis who have a minimum of 4 to 10 years of follow-up and include a preoperative deformity analysis on outcomes. METHODS: A consecutive series of 149 patients, from 2007 to 2011, at a single institution were enrolled. Pain and patient-reported function were assessed preoperatively and at yearly follow-ups. We analyzed the data for complications, reoperations, and failures (defined as undergoing revision for exchange or removal of one or both metallic components for any reason)...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933330/-short-term-results-of-surgical-treatment-of-patients-with-hallux-rigidus
#10
M Dygrýnová, M Uvízl, J Gallo
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Hallux rigidus is common and degenerative arthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. The aim of this study was to assess the results of cheilectomy and total joint replacement (TJR) in patients with hallux rigidus. Minimum duration of followup was 18 months. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included fifty-nine patients who underwent surgery at our Department due to hallux rigidus between January 2013 and December 2014. Thirty-seven patients underwent cheilectomy and twenty-two patients had total joint arthroplasty using METIS®...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854762/efficacy-of-open-debridement-and-polyethylene-exchange-in-strictly-selected-patients-with-infection-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#11
Whee Sung Son, Oog-Jin Shon, Dong-Chul Lee, Sang-Jin Park, Han Seok Yang
Purpose: To assess the efficacy of open debridement and polyethylene exchange (ODPE) combined with proper antibiotic therapy in strictly selected patients with infection after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and analyze factors associated with treatment failure. Materials and Methods: From January 2010 to January 2014, 25 cases that underwent ODPE under the diagnosis of infection within four weeks after TKA or acute hematogenous infection within five days of symptom onset were reviewed in this study...
September 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842091/ten-year-follow-up-of-metatarsal-head-resurfacing-implants-for-treatment-of-hallux-rigidus
#12
Henry Hilario, Alan Garrett, Travis Motley, Sumihiro Suzuki, Brian Carpenter
Controversy remains regarding the use of arthroplasty versus arthrodesis in the surgical treatment of late-stage hallux rigidus. The purpose of our retrospective study was to report the long-term follow-up results of the metatarsal head resurfacing implant used for hemiarthroplasty. The patient assessments were conducted using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) metatarsophalangeal clinical rating system and a satisfaction questionnaire. A total of 59 consecutive implantations were performed from January 2005 to December 2009 at our institution...
September 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750551/midterm-results-of-the-salto-talaris-total-ankle-arthroplasty
#13
Matthew G Stewart, Cindy L Green, Samuel B Adams, James K DeOrio, Mark E Easley, James A Nunley
BACKGROUND: The Salto Talaris total ankle replacement is a modern fixed-bearing implant used to treat symptomatic ankle arthritis with the goals of providing pain relief, restoring mechanical alignment, and allowing motion of the ankle joint. The goal of this study was to report the midterm clinical results of one of the largest cohort of patients in the United States who underwent ankle replacement with this prosthesis. METHODS: This is a review of patients with a minimum of 5 years up to 10 years' follow-up...
November 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689820/reverse-total-shoulder-glenoid-baseplate-stability-with-superior-glenoid-bone-loss
#14
Elise J Martin, Thomas R Duquin, Mark T Ehrensberger
BACKGROUND: Superior wear of the glenoid bone is common in patients with rotator cuff arthropathy. This can become a treatment challenge for patients who require shoulder arthroplasty. In reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA), glenoid bone loss may affect the stability of baseplate fixation. The primary purpose of this biomechanical laboratory study was to assess the initial fixation stability of RSA glenosphere baseplates in the presence of variable amounts of superior glenoid bone loss...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676409/enterococci-in-orthopaedic-infections-who-is-at-risk-getting-infected
#15
Ilker Uçkay, Daniela Pires, Americo Agostinho, Nastassia Guanziroli, Mehmet Öztürk, Placido Bartolone, Philippe Tscholl, Michael Betz, Didier Pittet
Some orthopaedic patients might be at risk for enterococcal infections and might benefit from adapted perioperative prophylaxis. METHODS: We performed a single-center cohort of adult patients with orthopaedic infections. RESULTS: Among 2740 infection episodes, 665 surgeries (24%) involved osteosynthesis material, including total joint arthroplasties. The recommended perioperative prophylaxis was cefuroxime (or vancomycin in case of documented MRSA body carriage)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663020/treatment-of-end-stage-hallux-rigidus-using-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-short-term-clinical-study
#16
Turan Cihan Dülgeroğlu, Hasan Metineren
The treatment of advanced hallux rigidus remains controversial. Only a few studies have analyzed the short- and mid-term results of metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint arthroplasty to treat patients with advanced hallux rigidus. We present the short-term follow-up results of patients who underwent MTP joint arthroplasty. We reviewed the medical records of 15 consecutive patients (3 males and 12 females) who had had grade 3 or 4 hallux rigidus diagnosed according to the Coughlin and Shurnas classification. The age range at surgery was 44 to 74 (mean 61...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662954/structural-allograft-supporting-a-trabecular-metal-cup-provides-durable-results-in-complex-revision-arthroplasty
#17
Hernan A Prieto, Michael E Kralovec, Daniel J Berry, Robert T Trousdale, Rafael J Sierra, Miguel E Cabanela
BACKGROUND: Revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) is challenging specially in the presence of severe acetabular bone deficiency. We report the use of a highly porous revision shell augmented by structural allograft to provide structural support and coverage to the acetabular component. METHODS: We identified 56 patients (58 hips) undergoing revision THA, where a trabecular metal revision cup was supported by structural allograft. Mean follow-up was 5.4 years (range 2-12 years)...
November 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633799/interposition-ankle-arthroplasty-using-acellular-dermal-matrix-a%C3%A2-small-series
#18
Brian Carpenter, Kyle Duncan, Jordan Ernst, Dalton Ryba, Sumihiro Suzuki
Although ankle arthrodesis is the reference standard for end-stage ankle arthritis, loss of mobility and adjacent joint arthritis are consequences that alternatives to arthrodesis attempt to avoid. The purpose of the present study was to report the clinical results of interpositional arthroplasty using acellular dermal matrix in 4 patients (age 32 to 42 years) for the treatment of advanced ankle osteoarthritis. The primary findings included relief of pain, with improvement in tibiotalar joint range of motion from a mean of 16...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607766/hallux-rigidus
#19
REVIEW
Bryant Ho, Judith Baumhauer
An estimated 40% of the US population have foot problems.Of all patients aged over 50 years, 2.5% report degenerative arthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint, termed 'hallux rigidus'. First MTP osteoarthritis is the most common arthritic condition in the foot.Progression of great toe arthritis is associated with pain and loss of motion. Non-surgical intervention begins with shoe modifications and orthotics designed to limit MTP motion.In patients with mild arthritis, operative procedures focus on removing excess osteophytes (cheilectomy) to prevent dorsal impingement with or without a concomitant osteotomy (Moberg) to improve or shift range of motion into a less painful arc...
January 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589334/are-there-differences-in-gait-mechanics-in-patients-with-a-fixed-versus-mobile-bearing-total-ankle-arthroplasty-a-randomized-trial
#20
Robin M Queen, Christopher T Franck, Daniel Schmitt, Samuel B Adams
BACKGROUND: Total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is an alternative to arthrodesis, but no randomized trial has examined whether a fixed bearing or mobile bearing implant provides improved gait mechanics. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We wished to determine if fixed- or mobile-bearing TAA results in a larger improvement in pain scores and gait mechanics from before surgery to 1 year after surgery, and to quantify differences in outcomes using statistical analysis and report the standardized effect sizes for such comparisons...
October 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
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