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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326513/an-in-vitro-comparison-of-pushout-bond-strength-of-resilon-with-metaseal-and-ah-plus-sealers
#1
Priyanka Sarangi, Rashmirekha Mallick, Sukanta Kumar Satapathy, Gaurav Sharma, Fathima Kouser, Satyajit Mohapatra
Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the pushout bond strengths of Resilon with two different sealers: Resilon/MetaSEAL (methacrylate based) and Resilon/AH Plus (an epoxy resin-based sealer). Materials and Methods: Forty single canal anterior teeth were decoronated at cementoenamel junction and standardized to 10 ± 1 mm length. Working length was determined followed by biomechanical preparation. Then, the specimens were randomly assigned into two groups of 20 teeth each based on the sealer used with Resilon...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322655/efficiency-of-er-yag-laser-in-debonding-of-porcelain-laminate-veneers-by-contact-and-non-contact-laser-application-modes-in-vitro-study
#2
Mohand ALBalkhi, Eyad Swed, Omar Hamadah
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficiency of debonding porcelain laminate veneers (PLV) by using several laser parameters and two different application modes of Er:YAG laser [contact (CM) and non-contact (NCM)], by verification of the consumed PLV debonding time and the changes in dental pulp temperature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty extracted non-carious human maxillary premolars were prepared for receiving PLV. Sixteen of them were divided into two groups, each of them comprised eight samples based on the application mode; group A with NCM, and group B with CM...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310875/comparison-of-the-mechanical-properties-of-translucent-zirconia-and-lithium-disilicate
#3
Sung Joon Kwon, Nathaniel C Lawson, Edward E McLaren, Amir H Nejat, John O Burgess
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Three mol% yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (3Y-TZP) possesses excellent mechanical properties but is relatively opaque. Five mol% yttria-stabilized zirconia polycrystal (5Y-ZP) offers improved translucency, but many of its clinical properties have not been compared with those of 3Y-TZP and lithium disilicate. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the flexural strength, translucency parameter, bond strength, and enamel and material wear of 5Y-ZP (Katana UTML) with 3Y-TZP (Katana HT) and lithium disilicate (e...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299191/comparison-of-two-different-debonding-techniques-in-orthodontic-treatment
#4
Luca Piccoli, Guido Migliau, Laith Konstantinos Besharat, Stefano Di Carlo, Giorgio Pompa, Roberto Di Giorgio
Aim: The purpose of this research is to investigate whether and how the adhesive bond failure site varied in relation to the material used for the orthodontic bonding and debonding technique applied. Materials and methods: Two different methods of orthodontic debonding were included in our survey; cutters for orthodontics and debonding plier. Three different materials for the adhesion of the bracket: composite light curing, self-curing composite and glass ionomer cement...
April 2017: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298403/intrapulpal-temperature-increases-caused-by-445-nm-diode-laser-assisted-debonding-of-self-ligating-ceramic-brackets-during-simulated-pulpal-fluid-circulation
#5
Steffen Stein, Johannes Wenzler, Andreas Hellak, Michael Schauseil, Heike Korbmacher-Steiner, Andreas Braun
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated temperature increases in dental pulp resulting from laser-assisted debonding of ceramic brackets using a 445-nm diode laser. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen ceramic brackets were bonded in standardized manner to 18 caries-free human third molars. Pulpal fluid circulation was simulated by pumping distilled water at 37°C through the pulp chamber. The brackets were irradiated with a 445-nm diode laser. Temperatures were measured using a thermal camera at points P1 (center of the pulp) and P2 (in the hard dental tissue) at the baseline (T0), at the start and end of laser application (T1 and T2), and the maximum during the sequence (Tmax)...
January 3, 2018: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296111/effect-of-surface-treatment-on-enamel-cracks-after-orthodontic-bracket-debonding-er-cr-ysgg-laser-etching-versus-acid-etching
#6
Hassanali Ghaffari, Amirhossein Mirhashemi, Tahereh Baherimoghadam, Amir Azmi, Reza Rasooli
Objectives: This study sought to compare enamel cracks after orthodontic bracket debonding in the surfaces prepared with erbium, chromium: yttrium-scandium-galliumgarnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser and the conventional acid-etching technique. Materials and Methods: This in-vitro experimental study was conducted on 60 sound human premolars extracted for orthodontic purposes. The teeth were randomly divided into two groups (n=30). The teeth in group A were etched with 37% phosphoric acid gel, while the teeth in group B were subjected to Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation (gold handpiece, MZ8 tip, 50Hz, 4...
September 2017: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286967/failure-of-a-polyaryletheretherketone-cobalt-chromium-composite-femoral-stem-due-to-coating-separation-and-subsidence-a-case-report
#7
Meredith K Bartelstein, Douglas W Van Citters, Mitchell C Weiser, Calin S Moucha
CASE: A 52-year-old man who previously had undergone total hip arthroplasty with use of an Epoch (Zimmer) extensively porous-coated femoral stem presented with hip pain after a high-energy motor-vehicle accident. Radiographs demonstrated delamination at the polyaryletheretherketone-cobalt-chromium (PEEK-CoCr) core interface, which led to loosening. At revision, the implant demonstrated gross evidence of debonding at the PEEK-CoCr interface. CONCLUSION: We demonstrate clinical and tribologic evidence of a rare failure mode involving the PEEK-metal interface in a composite femoral stem, which surgeons should be aware of when evaluating patients with this type of implant...
October 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282849/laser-assisted-removal-of-all-ceramic-fixed-dental-prostheses-a-comprehensive-review
#8
REVIEW
Sergio Varela Kellesarian, Vanessa Ros Malignaggi, Khaled M Aldosary, Fawad Javed
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this comprehensive review was to assess the effectiveness of erbium lasers in the removal of all ceramic fixed dental prostheses (FDPs). OVERVIEW: Indexed databases were searched without language or time restriction up to and including December 2017 using different combinations of the following keywords: "lasers"; "phototherapy"; "crowns"; "prostheses and implants"; "inlays"; "ceramics"; "dental porcelain"; "zirconium"; "removal"; "debonding"; "fixed dental prostheses"; "veneers"; "laminates"; and "fixed bridge...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279566/trace-of-organic-sulfur-compounds-detected-from-debonded-interface-between-transparent-acrylic-resin-and-gold-alloy
#9
Haruto Hiraba, Hiroyasu Koizumi, Hiroshi Nogawa, Akihisa Kodaira, Kentaro Okamura, Hideo Matsumura
The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the bonding performance of two single-liquid primers, which contained 6-(4-vinylbenzyl-n-propyl) amino-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-dithione (VTD) or 6-methacryloyloxyhexyl 2-thiouracil 5-carboxylate (MTU-6), used for bonding between metals and an acrylic resin. A gold alloy and high-purity titanium were used as adherend materials, and a transparent acrylic resin initiated with tri-n-butylborane derivative was selected as the luting material. Both adherends were treated with one of the primers and bonded with the luting material, after which shear bond strength was determined...
2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279544/use-of-grape-seed-extract-for-improving-the-shear-bond-strength-of-total-etching-adhesive-to-bleached-enamel
#10
Yingxin Xu, Jianfeng Zhou, Jianguo Tan
This study was to ascertain if grape seed extract (GSE) can restore the shear bond strength (SBS) of total-etching adhesive to enamel immediately after bleaching. Immediately after bleaching with Beyond gel, different concentrations of GSE were applied to the surface of bovine enamel for 1 min before bonding of resin composite with Adper single bond 2 or All-Bond 3 adhesive. SBS values and debonding modes were recorded. Structure of the bonding interface and elements on enamel surface were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)...
December 27, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258179/material-state-awareness-for-composites-part-i-precursor-damage-analysis-using-ultrasonic-guided-coda-wave-interferometry-cwi
#11
Subir Patra, Sourav Banerjee
Detection of precursor damage followed by the quantification of the degraded material properties could lead to more accurate progressive failure models for composite materials. However, such information is not readily available. In composite materials, the precursor damages-for example matrix cracking, microcracks, voids, interlaminar pre-delamination crack joining matrix cracks, fiber micro-buckling, local fiber breakage, local debonding, etc.-are insensitive to the low-frequency ultrasonic guided-wave-based online nondestructive evaluation (NDE) or Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) (~100-~500 kHz) systems...
December 16, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248963/effects-of-occlusal-cavity-configuration-on-3d-shrinkage-vectors-in-a-flowable-composite
#12
Dalia Kaisarly, Moataz El Gezawi, Guangyun Lai, Jian Jin, Peter Rösch, Karl-Heinz Kunzelmann
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of cavity configuration on the shrinkage vectors of a flowable resin-based composite (RBC) placed in occlusal cavities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven human molars were divided into three groups (n = 9) according to cavity configuration: "adhesive," "diverging," and "cylindrical." The "adhesive" cavity represented beveled enamel margins and occlusally converging walls, the "diverging" cavity had occlusally diverging walls, and the "cylindrical" cavity had parallel walls (diameter = 6 mm); all cavities were 3 mm deep...
December 16, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235354/ultra-low-carbon-nanotube-toughened-epoxy-the-critical-role-of-a-double-layer-interface
#13
Jingwei Liu, Chao Chen, Yuezhan Feng, Yonggui Liao, Yun-Sheng Ye, Xiaolin Xie, Yiu-Wing Mai
Understanding the chemistry and structure of interfaces within epoxy resins is important for studying the mechanical properties of nanofiller-filled nanocomposites as well as for developing high performance polymer nanocomposites. Despite intensive efforts to construct nanofillers/matrix interfaces, few studies have demonstrated both an enhanced stress transferring efficiency while avoiding unfavorable defor-mation, due to undesirable interface fractures. Here, we report an optimized method to prepare epoxy-based nanocomposites whose interfaces are chemically modulated by poly(glycidyl methacrylate)-block-poly(hexyl methacrylate) (PGMA-b-PHMA) functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (bc@fMWNT) and also offer a fundamental explanation of crack growth behavior and the toughening mechanism of the resulting nanocomposites...
December 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234745/the-influence-of-repeated-abutment-changes-on-peri-implant-tissue-stability-3-year-post-loading-results-from-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Eriberto Bressan, Maria Gabriella Grusovin, Ferdinando D'Avenia, Konrad Neumann, Luca Sbricoli, Giuseppe Luongo, Marco Esposito
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of at least three abutment disconnections in conventional loaded implants against placement of a definitive abutment in immediately non-occlusal loaded implants on hard and soft tissue changes. A secondary aim was to evaluate whether the presence of less than 2 mm of keratinised mucosa is associated with increased peri-implant marginal bone loss and soft tissue recessions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty patients requiring one single crown or one fixed partial prosthesis supported by a maximum of three implants were randomised, after implants were placed with more than 35 Ncm, according to a parallel group design to receive definitive abutments that were loaded immediately (definitive abutment or immediate loading group) or transmucosal abutments, which were delayed loaded after 3 months and removed at least three times: 1...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214376/polymer-infiltrated-ceramic-cad-cam-inlays-and-partial-coverage-restorations-3-year-results-of-a-prospective-clinical-study-over-5-years
#15
F A Spitznagel, K J Scholz, J R Strub, K Vach, P C Gierthmuehlen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective clinical 5-year study was to evaluate the long-term behavior of monolithic computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM)-fabricated minimally invasive polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (PICN) inlays and partial coverage restorations (PCR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Posterior teeth of 47 patients were restored with 103 restorations (45 inlays, 58 PCRs). After defect-oriented preparations, monolithic PICN restorations of VITA Enamic were fabricated with a CAD/CAM system (inEoS blue/CEREC inLab MCXL) and adhesively bonded (Variolink II)...
December 6, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204483/bead-debonding-from-a-modern-cementless-total-hip-femoral-component-with-concomitant-taper-corrosion
#16
Adam I Edelstein, Duy L Phan, Scott M Sporer
We report a case of bead shedding from a cylindrical extensively porous-coated cementless femoral component with concomitant taper corrosion at the modular head-neck junction of a metal-on-polyethylene total hip prosthesis. The patient presented with chronic thigh pain 4 years after primary total hip arthroplasty, and radiographs revealed significant osteolysis and metallic debris around the femoral stem. Intraoperatively, the patient had a grossly loose femoral component with debonding of sintered beads from the femoral stem, as well as evidence of taper corrosion...
December 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204275/fractography-of-clinically-fractured-implant-supported-dental-computer-aided-design-and-computer-aided-manufacturing-crowns
#17
Ulrich Lohbauer, Renan Belli, Marco S Cune, Ulf Schepke
Today, a substantial part of the dental crown production uses computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology. A recent step in restorative dentistry is the replacement of natural tooth structure with pre-polymerized and machined resin-based methacrylic polymers. Recently, a new CAD/CAM composite was launched for the crown indication in the load-bearing area, but the clinical reality forced the manufacturer to withdraw this specific indication. In parallel, a randomized clinical trial of CAD/CAM composite crowns luted on zirconia implant abutments revealed a high incidence of failure within the first year of service...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199007/can-pulpal-floor-debonding-be-detected-from-occlusal-surface-displacement-in-composite-restorations
#18
João Batista Novaes, Elissa Talma, Estevam Barbosa Las Casas, Wondwosen Aregawi, Lauren Wickham Kolstad, Sue Mantell, Yan Wang, Alex Fok
OBJECTIVES: Polymerization shrinkage of resin composite restorations can cause debonding at the tooth-restoration interface. Theory based on the mechanics of materials predicts that debonding at the pulpal floor would half the shrinkage displacement at the occlusal surface. The aim of this study is to test this theory and to examine the possibility of detecting subsurface resin composite restoration debonding by measuring the superficial shrinkage displacements. METHODS: A commercial dental resin composite with linear shrinkage strain of 0...
November 30, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194830/effect-of-intraoral-mechanical-cleaning-techniques-on-bond-strength-of-cast-crowns-to-metal-cores
#19
Sahar AlZain, Mathew T Kattadiyil, Abdulaziz AlHelal, Ali Alqahtani
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of cleaning of metal cores from provisional cement, using an intraoral airborne-particle abrasion method, on the bond strength of permanent resin cement with cast crowns to cores. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty stainless steel models of a standard complete crown tooth preparation were fabricated. Thirty Type III gold crowns were fabricated. Each cast crown corresponded to one stainless steel crown preparation model. All crowns were cemented with noneugenol zinc oxide cement and stored for 7 days at 37°C...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185145/development-of-a-novel-bioactive-glass-for-air-abrasion-to-selectively-remove-orthodontic-adhesives
#20
Ayam A Taha, Robert G Hill, Padhraig S Fleming, Mangala P Patel
OBJECTIVES: To develop a novel, bioactive glass for removing residual orthodontic adhesive via air-abrasion, following bracket debonding, and to evaluate its effectiveness against a proprietary bioactive glass 45S5(Sylc™)-air-abrasion, and a slow-speed tungsten carbide (TC) bur. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three glasses were prepared and their bioactivity was proved. One novel glass (QMAT3) was selected due to its appropriate hardness, lower than that of enamel/45S5(Sylc™)...
November 28, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
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