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Steffen Stein, Michael Schauseil, Andreas Hellak, Heike Korbmacher-Steiner, Andreas Braun
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this split-mouth trial was to investigate the influence of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) on adjuvant treatment of gingivitis induced by multi-bracket appliances, after bracket debonding and professional tooth cleaning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients (mean age 16.15 years; standard deviation ±2.12 years) who had completed active orthodontic treatment with fixed orthodontic appliances in an orthodontic clinic were included on a randomized basis...
May 18, 2018: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Teresa Alonso-Rasgado, Jose F Del-Valle-Mojica, David Jimenez-Cruz, Colin G Bailey, Tim N Board
The use of larger prosthetic femoral heads in total hip arthroplasty (THA) has increased considerably in recent years in response to the need to improve joint stability and reduce risk of dislocation. However, data suggests larger femoral heads are associated with higher joint failure rates. For cemented implants, ensuring the continued integrity of the cement mantle is key to long term fixation. This paper describes an investigation into the effect of variation in femoral head size on stresses in the acetabular cement mantle and pelvic bone...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Yen-Hsiang Chang, Hsuan-Wen Wang, Pei-Hsun Lin, Chun-Li Lin
OBJECTIVE: This study utilizes micro-CT image combined with finite element (FE) analysis and in vitro fatigue testing to investigate the mechanical behavior associating with early resin luting cement damage induced by voids around a circular fiber post in a root canal treated premolar. METHODS: Six similar mandibular first premolars with root canal treatment were scanned with high resolution micro-CT before and after fatigue testing. Micro-CT images of all teeth were processed to identify various materials (dentin, luting cement and void) to evaluate the volume/position of the void in each reconstructed tooth root canal model...
May 7, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Monize Carelli Felipe Antunes, Jean Soares Miranda, Ronaldo Luís Almeida de Carvalho, Rodrigo Furtado de Carvalho, Estevão Tomomitsu Kimpara, Rodrigo Othávio de Assunção E Souza, Fabíola Pessôa Pereira Leite
To evaluate the effect of different surface treatments on the marginal misfit and retentive strength between Y-TZP crowns and an epoxy resin. Forty (40) epoxy resin (G10) abutments (height: 5mm, conicity: 60, finish line: large chamfer) with equal dimensions were milled and included in polyurethane to simulate the periodontal ligament. Next, 40 Y-TZP crowns (thickness: 1mm) were milled (Cerec in Lab) and randomly divided into four groups (n=10) according to the surface treatment: GS(glaze spray), GP(glaze powder/liquid), P(zirconia primer) and RS(tribochemical silica coating)...
2018: Brazilian Oral Research
Abir Ghosh, Dipankar Bandyopadhyay, Ashutosh Sharma
Elastic contact lithography (ECL) and electric field lithography (EFL) have both shown significant potential to develop large-area micropatterns on polymeric surfaces. Recently, the major challenges associated with these processes have been the improvement of the aspect ratio and reduction in the size and periodicity of the patterns fabricated. Herein, with the help of non-linear simulations, we show that combining these methods can be one recipe to overcome these limitations. We consider a linear viscoelastic film for the linear and non-linear analyses...
May 8, 2018: Soft Matter
Alexis Ioannidis, Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Iosif Sifakakis, Spiros Zinelis, George Eliades, Theodore Eliades
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of the bonding procedure on the mechanical properties of human enamel. METHODS: A total of 20 extracted human premolars were included in this study, with the half of each tooth acting as its own internal control. Embedded and horizontally cut specimens were prepared, and two bucco-orally zones were separated. The first enamel zone of each tooth remained untreated. The opposing zone was subjected to simulated bonding and debonding, including etching with 37% phosphoric acid, bonding with primer and flowable composite resin, and subsequent removal of the composite with an adhesive removal bur...
May 7, 2018: Progress in Orthodontics
Mohammad Hossein Ahangar Atashi, Amir Hooman Sadr Haghighi, Parastou Nastarin, Sina Ahangar Atashi
Background. Bracket base design is a factor influencing shear bond strength. High shear bond strength leads to enamel crack formation during debonding. The aim of this study was to compare enamel damage variations, including the number and length of enamel cracks after debonding of two different base designs. Methods. Eighty-eight extracted human premolars were randomly divided into2 groups (n=44). The teeth in each group were bonded by two types of brackets with different base designs: 80-gauge mesh design versus anchor pylon design with pylons for adhesive retention...
2018: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
P A Yamin, R D Pereira, F C Lopes, A M Queiroz, H F Oliveira, P C Saquy, M D Sousa-Neto
AIM: To evaluate the bond strength and adhesive interface between several resin cements and root dentine immediately and after 6 months of radiotherapy protocol. METHODOLOGY: Sixty maxillary canines were selected and randomly assigned to two groups (n=30): one group was not irradiated, and the other one was subjected to a cumulative radiation dose of 60 Gy. The teeth were sectioned to obtain roots with 16 mm length, and the canals were prepared with Reciproc system (R50) and filled using a lateral condensation technique with epoxy resin sealer...
May 4, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
Ulf Schepke, Ulrich Lohbauer, Henny J Meijer, Marco S Cune
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the influence of restorative material on the success of clinical bonding to zirconia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 participants with a single implant received screw-retained restorations; ie, Lava Ultimate (LU) crowns extraorally bonded to zirconia abutments. After 1 year, lithium disilicate (LDS) was used as an alternative restorative material. These restorations were also followed for 1 year. RESULTS: Forty LU restorations (80%) debonded within 1 year of clinical service, whereas no bonding failures occurred with LDS restorations...
May 2018: International Journal of Prosthodontics
Dikson Claudino, Milton-Carlos Kuga, Lauriê Belizário, Jefferson-Ricardo Pereira
Background: The bonding of accessories in the dental crown during the orthodontic treatment creates microporosities, thus promoting micromechanical retention of the adhesive to the enamel structure. After debonding brackets, at the end of the active orthodontic treatment, a certain amount of adhesive remnants must be mechanically removed from the enamel. The objective of this study was to compare, by means of scanning electron microscopy, three different methods to remove the adhesive remnants after orthodontic bracket removal...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Baratali Ramazanzadeh, Farzaneh Ahrari, Zahra-Sadat Hosseini
Background: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of two different protocols of wearing vacuum-formed retainers (VFRs) with the standard protocol of wearing Hawley retainer in maintaining the results of orthodontic treatment. Material and Methods: This single-blind randomized clinical trial consisted of 90 patients who finished orthodontic treatment at the Department of Orthodontics of Mashhad Dental School, and required removable retainers. The participants were randomly divided into 3 groups and received the following treatments...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Isabela Vasconcelos Barbosa, Victor de Miranda Ladewig, Renata Rodrigues Almeida-Pedrin, Mauricio Almeida Cardoso, Joel Ferreira Santiago Junior, Ana Claudia de Castro Ferreira Conti
BACKGROUND: An efficient orthodontic treatment must aim the best occlusal result in the shortest possible time. One of the factors that can interfere in this goal is the bracket debonding during the treatment. This study aimed at assessing the different factors related to brackets failure, highlighting age and patient cooperation with treatment. METHODS: The sample comprised 199 orthodontic patients of both genders (103 women and 96 men); divided into two groups-adolescents (12 to 18 years old, 118 patients) and adults (19 to 59 years old, 81 patients)...
May 1, 2018: Progress in Orthodontics
Paula Villanueva-Llauradó, Jaime Fernández-Gómez, Francisco J González-Ramos
Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) anchors are a promising way to enhance the performance of externally-bonded FRPs applied to existing structures, as they can delay or even prevent debonding failure. However, a major concern faced by designers is the premature failure of the anchors due to stress concentration. Poor installation quality and preparation of the clearance holes can result in stress concentration that provokes this premature failure. This paper deals with an installation method that aims to reduce the impact of the stress concentration and to provide a proper quality control of the preparation of the drill hole...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Min-Ho Jung
Premolar extraction is 1 option for treatment of patients with malocclusion and severe crowding or protrusion. When the patient has missing or hopeless teeth other than premolars, it is possible to consider removal of those teeth to use the space to decrease crowding. A 15-year-old girl sought treatment for severe crowding. She had already lost her maxillary right first premolar as a result of caries 1 year previously and had a hopeless maxillary right central incisor. Her mandibular left first molar still caused discomfort even after endodontic treatment...
May 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
M V Swain, C Gee, K-C Li
Adhesion plays a major role in the bonding of dental materials. In this study the adhesion of two glass-ceramic systems (IPS e.max and VITABLOCS) to a zirconia sintered substrate using a glass (for IPS e.max) and resin (VITABLOCS) before and after exposure to ageing for 14 days in distilled water at 37°C are compared using two interfacial fracture mechanics tests, the 3 point bend Schwickerath (1,2) and 4 point bend [3] approaches. Both tests result in stable crack extension from which the strain energy release rate (G, N/m or J/m2 ) can be determined...
April 26, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Marcel Reymus, Malgorzata Roos, Marlis Eichberger, Daniel Edelhoff, Reinhard Hickel, Bogna Stawarczyk
OBJECTIVES: Because of their industrially standardized process of manufacturing, CAD/CAM resin composites show a high degree of conversion, making a reliable bond difficult to achieve. PURPOSE: The purpose of this experiment was to investigate the tensile bond strength (TBS) of luting composite to CAD/CAM resin composite materials as influenced by air abrasion and pretreatment strategies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The treatment factors of the present study were (1) brand of the CAD/CAM resin composite (Brilliant Crios [Coltene/Whaledent], Cerasmart [GC Europe], Shofu Block HC [Shofu], and Lava Ultimate [3M]); (2) air abrasion vs...
April 27, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Shaymaa E Elsaka
PURPOSE: To assess the influence of titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4) solution on the adhesion of composite cement to commercially pure titanium (cp Ti). MATERIALS AND METHODS: cp Ti plates with dimensions of 30 mm × 8 mm × 1.5 mm were machined and polished. The specimens were divided into seven groups according to the surface treatment as follows: group 1: control (machined); group 2: sandblasted with 110 μm Al2O3; group 3: hydrofluoric acid (HF); group 4: TiF4 (5%-5 min); group 5: TiF4 (5%-10 min); group 6: TiF4 (10%-5 min); and group 7: TiF4 (10%-10 min)...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
Maximiliane Amelie Schlenz, Alexander Schmidt, Peter Rehmann, Thomas Niem, Bernd Wöstmann
OBJECTIVES: To investigate debonding of full crowns made of CAD/CAM composites, CAD/CAM technology was applied to manufacture standardized test abutments to increase the reproducibility of human teeth used in in vitro studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A virtual test abutment and the corresponding virtual crown were designed and two STL data sets were generated. Sixty-four human third molars and CAD/CAM blocks were milled using a CNC machine. Crowns of four different composite blocks (Lava Ultimate (LU), Brilliant Crios (BC), Cerasmart (CS), Experimental (EX)) were adhesively bonded with their corresponding luting system (LU: Scotchbond Universal/RelyX Ultimate; BC: One Coat 7 Universal/DuoCem; CS: G-PremioBond/G-Cem LinkForce; EX: Experimental-Bond/Experimental-Luting-Cement)...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Jaafar Abduo, Raelene Jo Sambrook
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the longevity of ceramic onlays and identify the factors that influence their survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search was conducted through PubMed (MEDLINE), Google Scholar and Cochrane Library, up to August 2017. The literature search aimed to retrieve all the clinical studies on the longevity of ceramic onlays. Ceramic onlay was defined as any partial ceramic restoration that covers at least one cusp...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Stéphane Renger, Mélanie Gremeret, Sarah Gebeile-Chauty
INTRODUCTION: The main causes of failures in canine traction are anchorage defects, incorrect direction of force, uncontrolled forces. An adolescent female (10 years, 9 months) presents with two included canines on the maxillary arch, in a palatal position and her lateral incisors (12 and 22) are microdontic. Two mini-screws are inserted on the palate, in a mesial position to 16 and 26 to secure the traction of 13 and 23; in general, braces are bonded after this first step. After debonding, mini-screws remain to help stabilize the palatal plate during the retention period and to avoid unaesthetic metallic wires and hooks which sometimes cause occlusal interferences...
March 2018: L' Orthodontie Française
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