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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145554/prevalence-and-associations-of-central-peripheral-rivalry-type-diplopia-in-patients-with-epiretinal-membrane
#1
Kevin K Veverka, Sarah R Hatt, David A Leske, William L Brown, Andrew J Barkmeier, Raymond Iezzi, Jonathan M Holmes
Importance: The prevalence and clinical associations of patients with epiretinal membrane (ERM) who develop central-peripheral rivalry (CPR)-type diplopia are unknown. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of CPR-type diplopia in retinal disease clinic patients with ERM and to determine clinical findings associated with CPR-type diplopia. Design, Setting and Participants: A prospective cross-sectional study of 31 patients with ERM from retinal disease clinics to determine the prevalence of CPR-type diplopia...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145461/climate-change-mitigation-opportunities-based-on-carbon-footprint-estimates-of-dietary-patterns-in-peru
#2
Ian Vázquez-Rowe, Gustavo Larrea-Gallegos, Pedro Villanueva-Rey, Alessandro Gilardino
Food consumption accounts for an important proportion of the world GHG emissions per capita. Previous studies have delved into the nature of dietary patterns, showing that GHG reductions can be achieved in diets if certain foods are consumed rather than other, more GHG intensive products. For instance, vegetarian and low-meat diets have proved to be less carbon intensive than diets that are based on ruminant meat. These environmental patterns, increasingly analyzed in developed nations, are yet to be assessed in countries liked Peru where food purchase represents a relatively high percentage of the average household expenditure, ranging from 38% to 51% of the same...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145359/racial-ethnic-health-disparities-among-rural-adults-united-states-2012-2015
#3
Cara V James, Ramal Moonesinghe, Shondelle M Wilson-Frederick, Jeffrey E Hall, Ana Penman-Aguilar, Karen Bouye
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Rural communities often have worse health outcomes, have less access to care, and are less diverse than urban communities. Much of the research on rural health disparities examines disparities between rural and urban communities, with fewer studies on disparities within rural communities. This report provides an overview of racial/ethnic health disparities for selected indicators in rural areas of the United States. REPORTING PERIOD: 2012-2015...
November 17, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145343/anterior-release-and-nonstructural-bone-grafting-and-posterior-fixation-for-old-lower-cervical-dislocations-with-locked-facets
#4
Chen Ding, Ting-Kui Wu, Quan Gong, Tao Li, Li-Tai Ma, Bei-Yu Wang, Yu-Xiao Deng, Hao Liu
Lower cervical dislocations are often missed at the time of initial injury for several reasons. The treatment of old facet dislocations of the lower cervical spine is difficult, and the optimal method has not been established. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of a surgical technique, anterior release, and nonstructural bone grafting combined with posterior fixation, for the treatment of old lower cervical dislocations with locked facets.This was a retrospective study of 17 patients (13 men and 4 women) with old facet dislocations, who underwent the same surgical treatment at our hospital between April 2010 and January 2016...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145287/transforaminal-endoscopy-in-lumbar-burst-fracture-a-case-report
#5
Yuanyi Wang, Cong Ning, Liyu Yao, Xiuying Huang, Chengliang Zhao, Bin Chen, Nan Zhang
RATIONALE: Lumbar burst fractures are frequent injury resulting from high-energy trauma, and the patients suffer from pain and the neurologic dysfunction. Although minimally invasive techniques have advanced rapidly, it was the first time to apply transforaminal endoscopic combined with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation to treatment of lumbar burst fractures. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 33-year-old man underwent Magerl type A3.1 burst fracture at L2 and compression fractures at L3 due to falling from a height with severe lower back pain, sensory loss, and atony of the right leg...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145042/relationship-of-t1-slope-with-loss-of-lordosis-and-surgical-outcomes-after-laminoplasty-for-cervical-ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament
#6
Masashi Miyazaki, Toshinobu Ishihara, Naoki Notani, Shozo Kanezaki, Hiroshi Tsumura
OBJECTIVE: T1 slope (T1S) has emerged as a predictor of kyphotic alignment change after laminoplasty. Although it was reported that patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and higher T1S had more pronounced lordotic curvature before surgery and higher loss of cervical lordosis after surgery, few studies have attempted to correlate these findings with clinical outcomes. We aimed to investigate the relationship of T1S with loss of cervical lordosis and surgical outcomes after laminoplasty for cervical OPLL...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145028/the-complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-the-alvinocaridid-shrimp-shinkaicaris-leurokolos-decapoda-caridea-insight-into-the-mitochondrial-genetic-basis-of-deep-sea-hydrothermal-vent-adaptation-in-the-shrimp
#7
Shao'e Sun, Ming Hui, Minxiao Wang, Zhongli Sha
Deep-sea hydrothermal vent is one of the most extreme environments on Earth with low oxygen and high levels of toxins. Decapod species from the family Alvinocarididae have colonized and successfully adapted to this extremely harsh environment. Mitochondria plays a vital role in oxygen usage and energy metabolism, thus it may be under selection in the adaptive evolution of the hydrothermal vent shrimps. In this study, the mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of alvinocaridid shrimp Shinkaicaris leurokolos (Kikuchi & Hashimoto, 2000) was determined through Illumina sequencing...
November 10, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144822/testosterone-levels-achieved-by-medically-treated-transgender-women-in-a-united-states-endocrinology-clinic-cohort
#8
Jennifer J Liang, Divya Jolly, Kelly J Chan, Joshua D Safer
OBJECTIVE: Most transgender women depend on medical treatment alone to lower testosterone levels in order to align physical appearance with gender identity. The medical regimen in the United States typically includes spironolactone and estrogens. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to assess the testosterone suppression achieved among transgender women treated with spironolactone and estrogens. METHODS: Testosterone and estradiol levels were extracted from the electronic medical records of 98 anonymized transgender women treated with oral spironolactone and oral estrogen therapy at the Endocrinology Clinic at Boston Medical Center...
November 16, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144722/transport-across-heterointerfaces-of-amorphous-niobium-oxide-and-crystallographically-oriented-epitaxial-germanium
#9
Mantu K Hudait, Michael Brian Clavel, Jheng-Sin Liu, Aheli Ghosh, Nikhil Jain, Robert J Bodnar
Due to the high carrier mobility of germanium (Ge) and high dielectric permittivity of amorphous niobium pentoxide (a-Nb2O5), Ge/a-Nb2O5 heterostructures offer several advantages for the rapidly developing field of oxide-semiconductor-based multifunctional devices. To this end, we investigation the growth, structural, band alignment, and metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) electrical properties of physical vapor deposited Nb2O5 on crystallographically oriented (100)Ge, (110), and (111)Ge epilayers. The as-deposited Nb2O5 dielectrics were found to be in the amorphous state, demonstrating an abrupt oxide/semiconductor heterointerface with respect to Ge, when examined via low- and high-magnification cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy...
November 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144589/-sphingosine-1-phosphate-immobilized-on-nanotopographical-scaffolds-improve-myogenic-differentiation
#10
Min Suk Lee, Hee Seok Yang
The skeletal muscle consists of highly aligned dense cables of collagen fibers with nanometer feature size to support muscle fibers. The skeletal myocyte can be greatly affected to differentiate by their surrounding topographical structure. To improve myogenic differentiation, we fabricated cell culture platform that sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) which regulated myocyte behavior was immobilized on a biomimetic nanopatterned polyurethaneacrylate (PUA) substrate using 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) for providing topographical and biological cues synergistically...
November 16, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143761/antibody-cross-reactivity-between-porcine-cytomegalovirus-pcmv-and-human-herpesvirus-6-hhv-6
#11
Uwe Fiebig, Angela Holzer, Daniel Ivanusic, Elena Plotzki, Hartmut Hengel, Frank Neipel, Joachim Denner
Porcine cytomegalovirus (PCMV) infection is widely prevalent among pigs, and PCMV is one of the viruses which may be transmitted during xenotransplantation using pig cells, tissues, or organs. While human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a major risk factor for allotransplantation, it is still unclear whether PCMV is able to infect human cells or pose a risk for xenotransplantation. Previously, it was shown that transmission of PCMV after pig kidney to non-human primate transplantations resulted in a significantly reduced survival time of the transplanted organ...
October 28, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143700/improved-three-dimensional-3d-resolution-of-electron-tomograms-using-robust-mathematical-data-processing-techniques
#12
Toby Sanders, Ilke Arslan
Electron tomography has become an essential tool for three-dimensional (3D) characterization of nanomaterials. In recent years, advances have been made in specimen preparation and mounting, acquisition geometries, and reconstruction algorithms. All of these components work together to optimize the resolution and clarity of an electron tomogram. However, one important component of the data-processing has received less attention: the 2D tilt series alignment. This is challenging for a number of reasons, namely because the nature of the data sets and the need to be coherently aligned over the full range of angles...
November 16, 2017: Microscopy and Microanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143674/the-role-of-human-rights-litigation-in-improving-access-to-reproductive-health-care-and-achieving-reductions-in-maternal-mortality
#13
Jennifer Templeton Dunn, Katherine Lesyna, Anna Zaret
BACKGROUND: Improving maternal health, reducing global maternal mortality, and working toward universal access to reproductive health care are global priorities for United Nations agencies, national governments, and civil society organizations. Human rights lawyers have joined this global movement, using international law and domestic constitutions to hold nations accountable for preventable maternal death and for failing to provide access to reproductive health care services. CASE PRESENTATION: This article discusses three decisions in which international treaty bodies find the nations of Brazil and Peru responsible for violations of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and also two domestic decisions alleging constitutional violations in India and Uganda...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143637/impact-of-malaria-interventions-on-child-mortality-in-endemic-african-settings-comparison-and-alignment-between-list-and-spectrum-malaria-model
#14
Eline Korenromp, Matthew Hamilton, Rachel Sanders, Guy Mahiané, Olivier J T Briët, Thomas Smith, William Winfrey, Neff Walker, John Stover
BACKGROUND: In malaria-endemic countries, malaria prevention and treatment are critical for child health. In the context of intervention scale-up and rapid changes in endemicity, projections of intervention impact and optimized program scale-up strategies need to take into account the consequent dynamics of transmission and immunity. METHODS: The new Spectrum-Malaria program planning tool was used to project health impacts of Insecticide-Treated mosquito Nets (ITNs) and effective management of uncomplicated malaria cases (CMU), among other interventions, on malaria infection prevalence, case incidence and mortality in children 0-4 years, 5-14 years of age and adults...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143488/isolation-and-characterization-of-novel-goose-parvovirus-related-virus-reveal-the-evolution-of-waterfowl-parvovirus
#15
P Li, S Lin, R Zhang, J Chen, D Sun, J Lan, S Song, Z Xie, S Jiang
Short beak and dwarfism syndrome (SBDS) has been constantly breaking out in China since 2015. It is caused by a novel goose parvovirus-related virus (NGPV) and can severely restrict the growth of ducks. In this study, seven NGPV stains were isolated from different regions in China between 2015 and 2016. To better understand the correlation between NGPV and goose parvovirus (GPV), we conducted complete genome sequencing and a comprehensive analysis of the NGPV genome. The phylogenetic and alignment analysis showed that NGPV is a branch of GPV, sharing 92...
November 16, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143442/development-of-biomimetic-thermoplastic-polyurethane-fibroin-small-diameter-vascular-grafts-via-a-novel-electrospinning-approach
#16
Emily Yu, Hao-Yang Mi, Jue Zhang, James A Thomson, Lih-Sheng Turng
A new electrospinning approach for fabricating vascular grafts with a layered, circumferentially aligned, and micro-wavy fibrous structure similar to natural elastic tissues has been developed. The customized electrospinning collector was able to generate wavy fibers using the dynamic "jump rope" collecting process, which also solved the sample removal problem for mandrel-type collectors. In this study, natural silk fibroin and synthetic thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) were combined at different weight ratios to produce hybrid small-diameter vascular grafts...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143380/polo-like-kinase-1-inhibition-results-in-misaligned-chromosomes-and-aberrant-spindles-in-porcine-oocytes-during-the-first-meiotic-division
#17
Y Liao, D Lin, P Cui, B Abbasi, C Chen, Z Zhang, Y Zhang, Y Dong, R Rui, S Ju
Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1), a type of serine/threonine protein kinase, has been implicated in various functions in the regulation of mitotic processes. However, these kinase's roles in meiotic division are not fully understood, particularly in the meiotic maturation of porcine oocytes. In this study, the expression and spatiotemporal localization of Plk1 were initially assessed in the meiotic process of pig oocytes by utilizing Western blotting with immunofluorescent staining combined with confocal microscopy imaging technique...
November 16, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143266/-measuring-physical-literacy-and-related-constructs-a-systematic-review-of-empirical-findings
#18
REVIEW
Lowri C Edwards, Anna S Bryant, Richard J Keegan, Kevin Morgan, Stephen-Mark Cooper, Anwen M Jones
BACKGROUND: The concept of physical literacy has received increased research and international attention recently. Where intervention programs and empirical research are gaining momentum, their operationalizations differ significantly. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to inform practice in the measure/assessment of physical literacy via a systematic review of research that has assessed physical literacy (up to 14 June, 2017). METHODS: Five databases were searched using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses for Protocols guidelines, with 32 published articles meeting the inclusion criteria...
November 15, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143226/aligned-ovine-diaphragmatic-myoblasts-overexpressing-human-connexin-43-seeded-on-poly-l-lactic-acid-scaffolds-for-potential-use-in-cardiac-regeneration
#19
Carlos Sebastián Giménez, Paola Locatelli, Florencia Montini Ballarin, Alejandro Orlowski, Ricardo A Dewey, Milagros Pena, Gustavo Abel Abraham, Ernesto Alejandro Aiello, María Del Rosario Bauzá, Luis Cuniberti, Fernanda Daniela Olea, Alberto Crottogini
Diaphragmatic myoblasts (DMs) are precursors of type-1 muscle cells displaying high exhaustion threshold on account that they contract and relax 20 times/min over a lifespan, making them potentially useful in cardiac regeneration strategies. Besides, it has been shown that biomaterials for stem cell delivery improve cell retention and viability in the target organ. In the present study, we aimed at developing a novel approach based on the use of poly (L-lactic acid) (PLLA) scaffolds seeded with DMs overexpressing connexin-43 (cx43), a gap junction protein that promotes inter-cell connectivity...
November 15, 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143184/measuring-the-unmeasurable-the-psychometrics-of-life-history-strategy
#20
Stefan L K Gruijters, Bram P I Fleuren
Within evolutionary biology, life-history theory is used to explain cross-species differences in allocation strategies regarding reproduction, maturation, and survival. Behavioral scientists have recently begun to conceptualize such strategies as a within-species individual characteristic that is predictive of behavior. Although life history theory provides an important framework for behavioral scientists, the psychometric approach to life-history strategy measurement-as operationalized by K-factors-involves conceptual entanglements...
November 15, 2017: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
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