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thermo activated

N M Bruno, S Wang, I Karaman, Y I Chumlyakov
Magnetic field-induced, reversible martensitic transformations in NiCoMnIn meta-magnetic shape memory alloys were studied under constant and varying mechanical loads to understand the role of coupled magneto-mechanical loading on the transformation characteristics and the magnetic field levels required for reversible phase transformations. The samples with two distinct microstructures were tested along the [001] austenite crystallographic direction using a custom designed magneto-thermo-mechanical characterization device while carefully controlling their thermodynamic states through isothermal constant stress and stress-varying magnetic field ramping...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
Saima Rehman, Ping Wang, Haq Nawaz Bhatti, Muhammad Bilal, Muhammad Asgher
Lipases are one of the most proficient biocatalysts having enormous biotechnological prospective. Immobilization offers a potential solution to improve the stability and recycling characteristics of lipases. An extracellular lipase from Penicillium notatum (PNL) was immobilized in silicon polymers (SiP) through entrapment, and subsequently coated this matrix on the network of fibers in the sponges. The silicone polymers-immobilized lipase (SiP-lipase) displayed highest apparent activity and entrapment efficiency of 1...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Bahar Khodadadi, Maryam Bordbar, Mahmoud Nasrollahzadeh
In this paper, silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are synthesized using Achillea millefolium L. extract as reducing and stabilizing agents and peach kernel shell as an environmentally benign support. FT-IR spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS), Thermo gravimetric-differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) were used to characterize peach kernel shell, Ag NPs, and Ag NPs/peach kernel shell...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Xin Meng, Yiting Wang, Xiaomeng Wang, Joe A Wrennall, Tracy L Rimington, Hongyu Li, Zhiwei Cai, Robert C Ford, David N Sheppard
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations that disrupt the plasma membrane expression, stability, and function of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl- channel. Two small molecules, the CFTR corrector lumacaftor and the potentiator ivacaftor, are now used clinically to treat CF, although some studies suggest that they have counteracting effects on CFTR stability. Here, we investigated the impact of these compounds on the instability of F508del-CFTR, the most common CF mutation...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Elias K Mibei, Jane Ambuko, James J Giovannoni, Arnold N Onyango, Willis O Owino
African eggplants (Solanum aethiopicum and S. macrocarpon) are among the most economically important and valuable vegetable and fruit crops. They are a major source of biologically active nutritional substances and metabolites which are essential for plant growth, development, stress adaptation and defense. Among these metabolites are the carotenoids which act as accessory pigments for photosynthesis and precursor to plant hormones. Though African eggplants are known to be resistant to various abiotic stresses, the effect of these stresses on secondary metabolites has not been well defined...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
Yuchen Zhou, Junjie Huang, Wei Sun, Yuanlai Ju, Pinghui Yang, Lingyun Ding, Zhongren Chen, Julia A Kornfield
Patterned porous surfaces with responsive functionalities are fabricated by a thermo-responsive microgel-assisted breath figure (BF) process. When water droplets submerge into a polystyrene (PS) solution during formation of a porous surface by the bottom-up BF process, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-co-acrylic acid (PNIPAm-co-AA) microgels dispersed in the solution spontaneously assemble at the water-organic interfaces like "Pickering emulsions", reinforced by capillary flow. The conformal layer of PNIPAm-co-AA microgels lining the pores appears in images of scanning electron microscope (SEM) either as a smooth surface layer (L) or as an array of dome-like protrusions (D), depending on the conditions at which the sample was dried for SEM...
January 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sergio Romero-Romero, Froylan Gómez-Lagunas, Daniel Balleza
The transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamily is subdivided into several subfamilies on the basis of sequence similarity, which is highly heterogeneous but shows a molecular architecture that resembles the one present in members of the Kv channel superfamily. Because of this diversity, they produce a large variety of channels with different gating and permeability properties. Elucidation of these particular features necessarily requires comparative studies based on structural and functional data. The present study aims to compilate, analyze, and determine, in a coherent way, the relationship between intrinsic side-chain flexibility and the allosteric coupling in members of the TRPV, TRPM, and TRPC families...
January 9, 2017: Proteins
Brad G Kurowski, Amery Treble-Barna, Huaiyu Zang, Nanhua Zhang, Lisa J Martin, Keith Owen Yeates, H Gerry Taylor, Shari L Wade
OBJECTIVES: To examine catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) rs4680 genotypes as moderators of the effects of parenting style on postinjury changes in parent behavior ratings of executive dysfunction following moderate to severe early childhood traumatic brain injury. SETTING: Research was conducted in an outpatient setting. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included children admitted to hospital with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (n = 55) or orthopedic injuries (n = 70) between ages 3 and 7 years...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
David A Alessi, Paul A Rosso, Hoang T Nguyen, Michael D Aasen, Jerald A Britten, Constantin Haefner
Laser energy absorption and subsequent heat removal from diffraction gratings in chirped pulse compressors poses a significant challenge in high repetition rate, high peak power laser development. In order to understand the average power limitations, we have modeled the time-resolved thermo-mechanical properties of current and advanced diffraction gratings. We have also developed and demonstrated a technique of actively cooling Petawatt scale, gold compressor gratings to operate at 600W of average power - a 15x increase over the highest average power petawatt laser currently in operation...
December 26, 2016: Optics Express
Adekunle T Bademosi, Elsa Lauwers, Pranesh Padmanabhan, Lorenzo Odierna, Ye Jin Chai, Andreas Papadopulos, Geoffrey J Goodhill, Patrik Verstreken, Bruno van Swinderen, Frédéric A Meunier
Syntaxin1A is organized in nanoclusters that are critical for the docking and priming of secretory vesicles from neurosecretory cells. Whether and how these nanoclusters are affected by neurotransmitter release in nerve terminals from a living organism is unknown. Here we imaged photoconvertible syntaxin1A-mEos2 in the motor nerve terminal of Drosophila larvae by single-particle tracking photoactivation localization microscopy. Opto- and thermo-genetic neuronal stimulation increased syntaxin1A-mEos2 mobility, and reduced the size and molecular density of nanoclusters, suggesting an activity-dependent release of syntaxin1A from the confinement of nanoclusters...
January 3, 2017: Nature Communications
Xu Zhang, Liming Xia
CBH1 (cellobiohydrolase) comprises the majority of secreted proteins by Trichoderma reesei. For expression of Talaromyces thermophilus lipase gene in T. reesei, a self-designed CBH1 promoter was applied to drive the lipase gene expression cassette which was bracketed by flanking sequences of cbh1 gene for homologous recombination. Protoplast and Agrobacterium-mediated plasmid transformations were performed and compared, resultantly, transformation mediated by Agrobacterium was overall proved to be more efficient...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Chunhu Zhao, Xiaoping Zhang, Lin Shi
In the present work, pyrolysis and catalytic pyrolysis of waste printed circuit boards (WPCBs) was carried out in the coupling of Thermo Gravimetric Analysis and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (TG-FTIR) under nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction temperature was increased from 30 to 700°C, while the heating rates were varied from 10 to 40°C/min. Experimental results show that the effect of catalyst on the WPCBs particles pyrolysis was significance. Compared with another two combustion-supporting agents (MgO, CaO), the whole pyrolysis process was optimized when the catalyst ZSM-5 was added into the WPCBs particles...
December 23, 2016: Waste Management
Sergey Vyazovkin
This article surveys the decade of progress accomplished in the application of isoconversional methods to thermally stimulated processes in polymers. The processes of interest include: crystallization and melting of polymers, gelation of polymer solutions and gel melting, denaturation (unfolding) of proteins, glass transition, polymerization and crosslinking (curing), and thermal and thermo-oxidative degradation. Special attention is paid to the kinetics of polymeric nanomaterials. The article discusses basic principles for understanding the variations in the activation energy and emphasizes the possibility of using models for linking such variations to the parameters of individual kinetic steps...
December 23, 2016: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Aaron Mischa Nuss, Franziska Schuster, Louisa Roselius, Johannes Klein, René Bücker, Katharina Herbst, Ann Kathrin Heroven, Fabio Pisano, Christoph Wittmann, Richard Münch, Johannes Müller, Dieter Jahn, Petra Dersch
Different biomolecules have been identified in bacterial pathogens that sense changes in temperature and trigger expression of virulence programs upon host entry. However, the dynamics and quantitative outcome of this response in individual cells of a population, and how this influences pathogenicity are unknown. Here, we address these questions using a thermosensing virulence regulator of an intestinal pathogen (RovA of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis) as a model. We reveal that this regulator is part of a novel thermoresponsive bistable switch, which leads to high- and low-invasive subpopulations within a narrow temperature range...
December 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Na Wu, Yaqiong Zhang, Chen Wang, Paul M Slattum, Xiaomei Yang, Ling Zang
Thermoactivated electrical conductivity has been studied on nanofibers fabricated from the derivatives of perylene tetracarboxylic diimide (PTCDI) both in the dark and under visible light illumination. The activation energy obtained for the nanofibers fabricated from donor-acceptor (D-A) PTCDIs are higher than that for symmetric n-dodecyl substituted PTCDI. Such difference originates from the strong dependence of thermoactivated charge hopping on material disorder, which herein is dominated by the D-A charge-transfer and dipole-dipole interactions between stacked molecules...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Younggeun Park, Maria Paz Gutierrez, Luke P Lee
Smart membranes, which can selectively control the transfer of light, air, humidity and temperature, are important to achieve indoor climate regulation. Even though reversible self-actuation of smart membranes is desirable in large-scale, reversible self-regulation remains challenging. Specifically, reversible 100% opening/closing of pore actuation showing accurate responsiveness, reproducibility and structural flexibility, including uniform structure assembly, is currently very difficult. Here, we report a reversible, thermo-responsive self-activated pore membrane that achieves opening and closing of pores...
December 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
Yasir Ali Arfat, Mohammed Ejaz, Harsha Jacob, Jasim Ahmed
Guar gum (GG) based nanocomposite (NC) films were prepared by incorporating silver-copper alloy nanoparticles (Ag-Cu NPs) through solution casting method. Effect of NP loadings (0.5-2%) on the thermo-mechanical, optical, spectral, oxygen barrier and antimicrobial properties of the GG/Ag-Cu NC films were investigated. Tensile testing showed an improvement in the mechanical strength, and a decrease in elongation at break for all NP loadings. NP incorporation into GG films showed a marked influence on the color values...
February 10, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Faiza Amin, Haq Nawaz Bhatti, Muhammad Bilal, Muhammad Asgher
An extracellular exo-polygalacturonase (exo-PG) from Penicillium notatum was immobilized in sodium-alginate matrix through two different protocols, viz. covalent bonding and adsorption to enhance its catalytic activity, thermal stability and life-time properties for industrial applications. Covalent immobilization was more efficient in terms of high relative activity (45.89%) and immobilization yield (71.6%) as compared to adsorption. Immobilized exo-PG derivatives displayed maximum activities at pH 5.5 and 55°C as compared to free enzyme which showed its optimum activity at pH 6...
February 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Marija M Janković, Dragana J Todorović, Nataša B Sarap, Jelena D Krneta Nikolić, Milica M Rajačić, Gordana K Pantelić
Investigation of the natural radioactivity levels in water around power plants, as well as in plants, coal, ash, slag and soil, and to assess the associated radiation hazard is becoming an emerging and interesting topic. This paper is focused on the results of the radioactivity analysis in waste water samples from five coal-fired power plants in Serbia (Nikola Tesla A, Nikola Tesla B, Kolubara, Morava and Kostolac), which were analyzed in the period 2003-2015. River water samples taken upstream and downstream from the power plants, drain water and overflow water were analyzed...
December 2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Si-Ting Chen, Ning-Yu He, Juan-Hua Chen, Fang-Qing Guo
Photosystem II (PSII) is the most thermolabile photosynthetic complex. Physiological evidence suggests that the small chloroplast heat-shock protein 21 (HSP 21) is involved in plant thermotolerance but the molecular mechanism of its action remains largely unknown. Here, we have provided genetic and biochemical evidence that HSP 21 is activated by the GUN5-dependent retrograde signaling pathway and stabilizes PSII by directly binding to its core subunits such as D1 and D2 proteins under heat stress. We further demonstrate that the constitutive expression of HSP21 sufficiently rescues the thermo-sensitive stability of PSII and survival defects of the gun5 mutant with dramatically improving granal stacking under heat stress, indicating that HSP21 is a master chaperone protein in maintaining the integrity of thylakoid membrane system under heat stress...
December 10, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
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