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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772869/-progression-on-finite-element-modeling-method-in-scoliosis
#1
REVIEW
Ning Fan, Lei Zang, Yong Hai, Peng Du, Shuo Yuan
Scoliosis is a complex spinal three-dimensional malformation with complicated pathogenesis, often associated with complications as thoracic deformity and shoulder imbalance. Because the acquisition of specimen or animal models are difficult, the biomechanical study of scoliosis is limited. In recent years, along with the development of the computer technology, software and image, the technology of establishing a finite element model of human spine is maturing and it has been providing strong support for the research of pathogenesis of scoliosis, the design and application of brace, and the selection of surgical methods...
April 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765179/is-early-treatment-for-mild-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-superior-over-the-traditional-watch-wait-approach-a-case-report-with-long-term-follow-up
#2
Paul A Oakley
[Purpose] To present a case of the complete correction of mild suspected adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in support of the argument that early aggressive treatment is superior to the traditional 'watch & wait' approach. [Subject and Methods] A 9-year-old female presented with a 14° thoracic curve indicative of early adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. The parents consented to immediate and early treatment with the SpineCor dynamic and corrective scoliosis brace. The brace was worn 20 hours per day and check-ups were performed every three months...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762275/health-related-quality-of-life-in-adulthood-in-untreated-and-treated-individuals-with-adolescent-or-juvenile-idiopathic-scoliosis
#3
Elias Diarbakerli, Anna Grauers, Aina Danielsson, Paul Gerdhem
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life in adults with idiopathic scoliosis diagnosed before maturity has been reported to be similar between brace-treated and surgically treated individuals. The aim of this study was to compare health-related quality of life in untreated, brace-treated, and surgically treated adults with idiopathic scoliosis diagnosed before skeletal maturity. Subgroup analyses were performed on the basis of age at the time of the study, age of onset, surgical characteristics, and curve magnitude...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757859/nail-brace-application-a-noninvasive-treatment-for-ingrown-nails-in-pediatric-patients
#4
Yi-Hsien Shih, Ching-Yu Huang, Chieh-Chi Lee, Woan-Ruoh Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755230/scoliosis-conservative-treatment-a-review-of-literature
#5
REVIEW
Mohammad Taghi Karimi, Timon Rabczuk
Background: Scoliosis is defined as lateral curvature of the spine which is also associated with a change in the curves in sagittal plane and vertebral rotation. Various types of conservative treatment approaches have been recommended for the patients with scoliosis. The aim of this review article was to introduce the various methods of conservative treatment which can be used for the patients with scoliosis. Methods: A search was done in some databases including PubMed, ISI Web of knowledge, Google scholar, Ebsco, Embasco, and Scopus...
January 2018: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754849/combination-therapies-quantifying-the-effects-of-transarterial-embolization-on-microwave-ablation-zones
#6
Erica M Knavel, Chelsey M Green, Annette Gendron-Fitzpatrick, Christopher L Brace, Paul F Laeseke
PURPOSE: To quantify the effect of transarterial embolization on microwave (MW) ablations in an in vivo porcine liver model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hepatic arteriography and cone-beam computed tomography (CT) scans were performed in 6 female domestic swine. Two lobes were embolized to an endpoint of substasis with 100-300-μm microspheres. MW ablations (65 W, 5 min) were created in embolized (n = 15) and nonembolized (n = 12) liver by using a 2.45-GHz system and single antenna...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753125/adaptation-of-kinematic-synergy-and-postural-control-to-mechanical-ankle-constraint-on-an-unsteady-stance-surface
#7
Yi-Ying Tsai, Gwo-Ching Chang, Ing-Shiou Hwang
Joint constraint interferes with the coordinative structure in joint movements used to optimize postural stability. This study aimed to investigate changes in postural synergy when the ankle joints were bilaterally braced during a stabilometer stance. Twenty-four young adults stood on a stabilometer plate while wearing a pair of ankle-foot orthoses, which were either unlocked or locked to restrict ankle motion (the ankle constraint (AC) and non-constraint (NC) conditions). Although ankle constraint did not significantly affect the dynamics of the stabilometer movements, the size and regularity of the first principal component (PC1), which explained more than 80% of the variance of joint movements in the lower limb, were increased...
May 9, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752504/duration-of-immobilization-after-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-and-open-reduction-surgery
#8
Khaled Emara, Mohamed Ahmed Al Kersh, Fahad Abdulazeez Hayyawi
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus about the duration of post-operative immobilization in the treatment of DDH (developmental dysplasia of hip). Our aim in this study is to compare between two post-operative immobilization protocols for patients undergoing open reduction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight hips in 32 patients assigned to group A were immobilized in hip spica for four weeks followed by abduction brace application which was gradually weaned through the periods of several months and 29 hips in 24 patients assigned to group B immobilized in hip spica for 12 weeks without further bracing...
May 11, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752238/robotic-spine-exoskeleton-rose-characterizing-the-3-d-stiffness-of-the-human-torso-in-the-treatment-of-spine-deformity
#9
Joon-Hyuk Park, Paul R Stegall, David P Roye, Sunil K Agrawal
Spine deformity is typically treated with a brace that fits around the torso and hips to correct the abnormal curve of the spine. While bracing has been shown to curtail progression of abnormal spine curves, current braces impose several limitations due to their rigid, static, and sensor-less designs: (1) forces and moments exerted by the brace cannot be measured or modulated and (2) the 3-D stiffness of the human torso has not been characterized-these may be important factors to be considered in bracing treatment...
May 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750137/posterior-only-stabilization-for-traumatic-thoracolumbar-burst-fractures
#10
Omid R Hariri, Samir Kashyap, Ariel Takayanagi, Chris Elia, Quang Ma, Dan E Miulli
Background No consensus exists for the management of unstable thoracolumbar (TL) burst fractures. Surgical options include anterior, lateral, or posterior stabilization (or a combination), depending on the fracture. The potential benefits of anterior reconstruction come with increased operative time and associated morbidity. A posterior-only approach can offer stable correction without increased operative risks but may result in loss of kyphotic correction over time. Purpose To determine whether posterior-only stabilization is a viable treatment option for patients with traumatic TL fractures as opposed to anterior and combined approaches...
March 9, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740556/effects-of-abdominal-hollowing-and-abdominal-bracing-during-side-lying-hip-abduction-on-the-lateral-rotation-and-muscle-activity-of-the-pelvis
#11
Dong-Woo Kim, Tae-Ho Kim
It is important that compensatory lateral movement of the pelvis does not occur during side-lying hip abduction (SHA). The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effects of abdominal hollowing and abdominal bracing during SHA on pelvic lateral rotation (PLR) and the electromyography activity of the gluteus medius, quadratus lumborum (QL), external oblique abdominis (EO) and internal oblique abdominis (IO). A total of 22 healthy male adults participated in the study. The subjects performed three conditions in side-lying in random order: SHA with abdominal hollowing (SHA-AH), SHA with abdominal bracing (SHA-AB), and SHA without any condition (SHA-WC)...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735126/results-of-bracing-for-juvenile-idiopathic-scoliosis
#12
Nanjundappa S Harshavardhana, John E Lonstein
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective comparative therapeutic clinical study evaluating the results of bracing for juvenile idiopathic scoliosis (JIS). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate if bracing has a role in treatment of JIS and, if so, to report its success rate and factors associated with successful bracing. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Patients with JIS have higher mortality and morbidity in comparison to those with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) or general population...
May 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731167/a-lignin-molecular-brace-controls-precision-processing-of-cell-walls-critical-for-surface-integrity-in-arabidopsis
#13
Yuree Lee, Taek Han Yoon, Jiyoun Lee, So Yeon Jeon, Jae Ho Lee, Mi Kyoung Lee, Huize Chen, Ju Yun, Se Yun Oh, Xiaohong Wen, Hui Kyung Cho, Hyunggon Mang, June M Kwak
The cell wall, a defining feature of plants, provides a rigid structure critical for bonding cells together. To overcome this physical constraint, plants must process cell wall linkages during growth and development. However, little is known about the mechanism guiding cell-cell detachment and cell wall remodeling. Here, we identify two neighboring cell types in Arabidopsis that coordinate their activities to control cell wall processing, thereby ensuring precise abscission to discard organs. One cell type produces a honeycomb structure of lignin, which acts as a mechanical "brace" to localize cell wall breakdown and spatially limit abscising cells...
April 24, 2018: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729467/the-efficacy-of-thoracolumbar-bracing-on-spinal-immobilization-a-precise-assessment-of-gross-intersegmental-and-segmental-spinal-motion-restriction-by-a-3d-kinematic-system
#14
Gernot Lang, Anja Hirschmüller, Stefanie Patermann, Patric Eichelberger, Peter Strohm, Heiner Baur, Norbert P Südkamp, Georg W Herget
BACKGROUND: Various diseases of the spine are treated by immobilization via orthoses, although detailed evidence on the efficiency of orthotic bracing remains elusive. The present study sought to investigate the impact of three different orthoses on spinal immobilization utilizing three dimensional (3D) kinematic measurements. METHODS: Twelve healthy volunteers performed different motion tasks such as trunk flexion/extension and bilateral trunk bending, respectively...
May 2, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725745/accelerated-rehabilitation-results-in-good-outcomes-following-acute-repair-of-proximal-hamstring-ruptures
#15
Benjamin Léger-St-Jean, Zylyftar Gorica, Robert A Magnussen, W Kelton Vasileff, Christopher C Kaeding
PURPOSE: To assess outcomes of patients who underwent proximal hamstring repair utilizing an accelerated rehabilitation protocol with immediate weight bearing as tolerated and no bracing. METHODS: Retrospective chart review identified 47 proximal hamstring tendon repairs with suture anchors in 43 patients performed during 2008-2015. Rehabilitation included no immobilization or limited weightbearing. Patients were contacted by phone to assess outcomes utilizing the lower extremity functional score (LEFS), single-assessment numeric evaluation (SANE), and Marx activity scale...
May 3, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724537/confirmation-bias-affects-user-perception-of-knee-braces
#16
Brittany Balsamo, Mark D Geil, Rebecca Ellis, Jianhua Wu
Technological advances in orthopedic devices such as prostheses and orthoses are intended to improve function but may also result in increased complexity and expense. Consequently, accurate determination of effectiveness is important. When devices with advanced technology are used, it is possible that confirmation bias - the tendency for a user to actually experience what he or she expects to experience - will influence outcomes. This study assessed confirmation bias in 18 healthy young adults walking in knee braces...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718811/a-total-offloading-foot-brace-for-treatment-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers-results-from-a-halted-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
David J Johnson, Barbara J Saar, Andrew J Shevitz, Ann H Kim, Lori Hammer, Daniel E Kendrick, Pamela Moorehead, Vikram S Kashyap
INTRODUCTION: Foot offloading is the mainstay treatment for plantar diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). OBJECTIVE: This multicenter, single-blinded, randomized controlled trial evaluates the efficacy of a total offloading foot brace for healing plantar DFUs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients were randomized to standard therapy (ie, reducing stress and pressure via mechanical offloading) or offloading foot brace. Comparison of plantar pressures was performed using digital pressure sensing films...
April 18, 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716513/developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-addressing-evidence-gaps-with-a-multicentre-prospective-international-study
#18
Emily K Schaeffer, Ihdi Study Group, Kishore Mulpuri
There is a lack of high quality evidence available to guide clinical practice in the treatment and management of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Evidence has been limited by persistent confusion on diagnostic and classification terminology, variability in surgeon decision making and a reliance on single centre, retrospective studies with small patient numbers. To address gaps in knowledge regarding screening, diagnosis and management of DDH, the International Hip Dysplasia Institute began a multicentre, international prospective study on infants with hips dislocated at rest...
May 7, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715219/sixty-years-on-ponseti-method-for-clubfoot-treatment-produces-high-satisfaction-despite-inherent-tendency-to-relapse
#19
Lewis E Zionts, Edward Ebramzadeh, Rebecca D Morgan, Sophia N Sangiorgio
BACKGROUND: Developed at the University of Iowa in 1950, the Ponseti method to manage idiopathic clubfoot deformity was slow to gain wide acceptance until the mid-1990s. There is a paucity of intermediate and long-term outcome studies involving this technique, with nearly all such studies coming from a single institution. The purpose of this study is to report the contemporary outcome of patients with clubfoot deformity whose feet were managed with the Ponseti method and who were followed to ≥5 years old, to provide outcome expectations for parents and for clinicians managing patients with idiopathic clubfoot...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713400/apss-asj-best-clinical-research-award-predictability-of-curve-progression-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-using-the-distal-radius-and-ulna-classification
#20
Jason Pui Yin Cheung, Prudence Wing Hang Cheung, Dino Samartzis, Keith Dip-Kei Luk
Study Design: Prospective study. Purpose: To determine the risk of clinically significant curve progression in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) based on the initial Cobb angle and to test the utility of the distal radius and ulna (DRU) classification in predicting these outcomes. Overview of Literature: Determining the remaining growth potential in AIS patients is necessary for predicting prognosis and initiating treatment. Limiting the maturity Cobb angle to <40° and <50° reduces the risk of adulthood progression and need for surgery, respectively...
April 2018: Asian Spine Journal
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