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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632733/ponseti-method-in-the-management-of-clubfoot-under-2-years-of-age-a-systematic-review
#1
Balasankar Ganesan, Ameersing Luximon, Adel Al-Jumaily, Suchita Kothe Balasankar, Ganesh R Naik
BACKGROUND: Congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV), also known as clubfoot, is common congenital orthopedic foot deformity in children characterized by four components of foot deformities: hindfoot equinus, hindfoot varus, midfoot cavus, and forefoot adduction. Although a number of conservative and surgical methods have been proposed to correct the clubfoot deformity, the relapses of the clubfoot are not uncommon. Several previous literatures discussed about the technical details of Ponseti method, adherence of Ponseti protocol among walking age or older children...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632643/the-early-impact-of-postoperative-bracing-on-pain-and-quality-of-life-following-posterior-instrumented-fusion-for-lumbar-degenerative-conditions-a-randomized-trial
#2
Hany Ag Soliman, Soraya Barchi, Stefan Parent, Gilles Maurais, Alain Jodoin, Jean-Marc Mac-Thiong
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if bracing after posterior spinal instrumented fusion(PSIF) can improve pain relief and quality of life(QoL) 6 weeks and 3 months postoperatively. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Braces are commonly prescribed after PSIF in patients with lumbar degenerative conditions with the aim of improving pain relief and QoL. However, there is a lack of evidence on the indication for postoperative bracing, as surgeons use braces mainly based on their experience and training...
June 19, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630854/stacked-flexible-nailing-for-radius-ulna-fractures-revival-of-a-lost-technique
#3
Qaed Dhariwal, Parvez Inamdar, Pankush Arora, Ashok Shyam
INTRODUCTION: Simultaneous radius and ulna fractures are common in adults and generally osteosynthesis with plating is the treatment of choice. Nailing of such fractures is infrequently advocated. We present our unique technique of radius ulna nailing in adults to achieve closed reduction and early predictable union with minimal or no complications. CASE REPORT: Case 1: 22 year old male with midshaft both bones forearm fracture was treated with stacked nailing. Two 2...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630717/arthroscopic-hip-preservation-surgery-practice-patterns-an-international-survey
#4
Kevin M Smith, Brayden J Gerrie, Patrick C McCulloch, Brian D Lewis, R Chad Mather, Geoffrey Van Thiel, Shane J Nho, Joshua D Harris
To design and conduct a survey analyzing pre-, intra- and post- hip arthroscopy practice patterns among hip arthroscopists worldwide. A 21-question, IRB-exempt, HIPAA-compliant, cross-sectional survey was conducted via email using SurveyMonkey to examine pre-operative evaluation, intra-operative techniques and post-operative management. The survey was administered internationally to 151 hip arthroscopists identified from publicly available sources. Seventy-five respondents completed the survey (151 ± 116 hip arthroscopy procedures per year; 8...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626324/lower-trunk-muscle-activity-induced-alignment-and-cop-position-during-single-leg-standing
#5
Tetsuya Nakao, Kenichi Masuda, Shigeyuki Kanai, Junzo Tsujita, Kazufumi Hirakawa, Shuichi Okada
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to clarify fundamental changes induced by lower trunk muscle contraction during single-leg standing. [Subjects and Methods] Ten healthy normal males participated in this study. All subjects could accurately perform lower trunk muscle contraction-type Abdominal Expansion (AE), Abdominal Bracing (AB), and Abdominal Cave-in (AC). The alignment and position of the center of foot pressure (COP) during single-leg standing with SLR and step position after rotating the body from single-leg standing with maximum SLR were measured in each lower trunk muscle contraction type...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617398/-ultrastructural-changes-of-human-dental-hard-tissues-during-orthodontic-treatment-with-fixed-appliances
#6
I N Antonova, V D Goncharov, E A Bobrova
The aim of the study was to evaluate ultrastructural changes of dental enamel after fixation of orthodontic appliances, initial influence of orthodontic forces and removal of braces. Five intact permanent tooth extracted for orthodontic reasons were included in the experimental study. Scanning probe microscopy was conducted in 4 random enamel points in each tooth (20 points overall) in semi-contact mode with standard 10 nm probes. The study showed ultrastructural enamel changes such as nanofractures up to 1 mm along the braces locks...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617181/a-novel-surgical-approach-for-treating-distal-radial-extraarticular-malunion-oblique-osteotomy-with-buttress-plate-stabilization
#7
Chi-Chuan Wu
PURPOSE: Distal radial extraarticular malunions are not uncommon. However, requirements of surgical correction depend on multiple conditions. Traditionally, surgical techniques include closing or opening wedge osteotomies. Each has unique advantages and disadvantages. An oblique osteotomy was developed to simplify the revision surgery. METHODS: Forty-eight consecutive adult patients with 48 malunions were surgically treated. An oblique osteotomy of 45° vertical to the radial longitudinal axis was performed from medio-distally to latero-proximally...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616593/neck-and-back-problems-in-adults-with-idiopathic-scoliosis-diagnosed-in-youth-an-observational-study-of-prevalence-change-over-a-mean-four-year-time-period-and-comparison-with-a-control-group
#8
Christos Topalis, Anna Grauers, Elias Diarbakerli, Aina Danielsson, Paul Gerdhem
BACKGROUND: The knowledge is sparse concerning neck problems in patients with idiopathic scoliosis. This is an observational study including a control group which aims to describe the prevalence of neck problems and the association with back problems among adult individuals with and without idiopathic scoliosis. METHODS: One thousand sixty-nine adults with a mean age of 40 years, diagnosed with idiopathic scoliosis in youth, answered a questionnaire on neck and back problems...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616592/french-validation-of-the-brace-questionnaire-brq
#9
Julie Deceuninck, Aurélie Tirat-Herbert, Nuria Rodriguez Martinez, Jean-Claude Bernard
BACKGROUND: Quality of Life (QoL) scales have to be introduced in the treatment evaluation of our patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Vasiliadis et. al. created the Brace Questionnaire (BrQ), which is specific for brace-treated adolescents. This tool was developed and validated in Greek. The aim of our study was to undertake the process of cultural adaptation of the Brace Questionnaire (BrQ) into French. METHODS: The BrQ is made of 34 items on Likert scale, divided in eight domains...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611169/morel-lavall%C3%A3-e-lesion-of-the-proximal-tibia-in-an-obese-patient-after-low-energy-trauma
#10
Dirk Pieter Hogerzeil, Joris Jansen
Morel-Lavallée lesions (MLL) are usually localised in the hip or gluteal region, but have rarely been reported at the proximal tibia. We present a case of an overweight patient, aged 59, with a MLLof the left proximal tibia after a low-energy fall in his backyard. MLL pathogenesis, history, radiographic imaging, applied treatment and relevant literature to this specific case and MLL in general are discussed. Initially the patient's MLL was managed conservatively until he presented with persisting pain and swelling...
June 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607764/chronic-medial-instability-of-the-elbow
#11
REVIEW
Felix H Savoie, Michael O'Brien
Damage to the medial collateral ligament of the elbow from an instability episode usually heals with non-operative treatment. In some cases, residual instability may occur, leading to functional impairment.Non-operative management can be successful when bracing, taping and therapy are used to stabilise the elbow.A recent report detailing the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma in effectively treating ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries in throwers has shown promise. However, there remain specific groups that should be considered for repair or reconstruction...
January 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606639/isolated-serratus-palsy-etiology-influences-its-long-term-outcome
#12
Martti Vastamäki, Leena Ristolainen, Heidi Vastamäki, Veera Pikkarainen
HYPOTHESIS AND BACKGROUND: The cause of isolated serratus palsy is multifactorial, but evaluation of the mechanism of the injury indicates that the lesion to the long thoracic nerve is mechanical in origin in most cases. What is unknown, however, is how etiology influences its long-term outcome. We believed that overuse injuries may recover sooner and better than acute traumatic, infectious, or inflammatory injuries. METHODS: We determined the presumed etiology of isolated serratus palsy in 92 patients treated by brace or observation only and compared it with its long-term outcome after a mean follow-up of 18...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600588/-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-lateral-tibial-plateau-fractures-with-free-subchondral-2-7%C3%A2-mm-screws
#13
M Reul, F Johnscher, S Nijs, H Hoekstra
OBJECTIVES: Exact reconstruction of the depressed articular surface and stable subchondral fixation of the lateral tibial plateau (ORIF, "open reduction and internal fixation"). INDICATIONS: Tibial plateau fractures with involvement of the lateral column and depression of the articular surface. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Critical soft tissue. Severe osteoporosis. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Supine position, classical anterolateral approach, lateral submeniscal arthrotomy, visualisation of the fracture, osteotomy of the lateral tibial condyle...
June 9, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599231/open-and-contaminated-pediatric-pelvic-ring-injury-case-report-fixation-without-metal
#14
Brian R Dilworth, John T Riehl
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic fractures are relatively uncommon in children, accounting for 0.3-7.5% of all pediatric injuries (Gänsslen et al., 2013; Ismail et al., 1996; Peltier, 1965; Galano et al., 2005; Spiguel et al., 2006). This case report describes a pediatric open pelvic injury caused by a crush mechanism between a car and guardrail. CASE: A 13year old male presented with an open APC 3 pelvic injury after being pinned between a car and guardrail. His definitive treatment included bilateral SI screw placement, as well as a less invasive method for anterior pelvic ring disruption (Internal Brace suture anchor dynamic fixation)...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595865/profiling-of-translational-and-rotational-head-accelerations-in-youth-bmx-with-and-without-neck-brace
#15
Howard T Hurst, Lee Rylands, Stephen Atkins, Kevin Enright, Simon J Roberts
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of BMX helmets and neck braces on translational and rotational accelerations in youth riders. DESIGN: Mixed model, repeated measure and correlation. METHODS: Twenty three competitive youth BMX riders classified by age group (6-9 years, 10-13 years and 14-18 years) completed 6 laps of an indoor BMX track at race pace, 3 laps without a neck brace (NB) and 3 without brace (WB). A triaxial accelerometer with gyroscope was placed behind the right ear to determine the mean number of accelerations, translational and rotational, of the head between conditions and by age group...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594689/treatment-of-scoliosis-associated-with-arthrogryposis-multiplex-congenita
#16
Igor Komolkin, Edvard V Ulrich, Olga E Agranovich, Harold J P van Bosse
Scoliosis in children with arthrogryposis occurs in the minority of patients, but appears early, often present at birth. Curves can progress quickly. Treatment options include spine casting, bracing, expandable implant surgery, and spinal fusion. The goal is to allow as much chest growth and development as possible, along with a resulting well-balanced spine.
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594524/adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-update-on-bracing-surgical-techniques-and-patient-safety
#17
Venu M Nemani, Laurel C Blakemore, Lori A Karol, Daniel W Green, Roger F Widmann
The primary goal in the management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is to prevent the progression of spinal deformity either with the use of a brace or with surgery. The goals of surgery, if indicated, are to correct the spinal deformity safely and to preserve overall spinal balance and as many motion segments as possible, which maximizes the long-term health of a patient's spine. Recently, tremendous advances have been made in the surgical techniques that are used to correct adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, and improved tools have allowed surgeons to perform spinal deformity surgery as safely and with as few complications as possible...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591635/hypothalamic-pituitary-axis-regulates-hydrogen-sulfide-production
#18
Christopher Hine, Hyo-Jeong Kim, Yan Zhu, Eylul Harputlugil, Alban Longchamp, Marina Souza Matos, Preeti Ramadoss, Kevin Bauerle, Lear Brace, John M Asara, C Keith Ozaki, Sheue-Yann Cheng, Subhankar Singha, Kyo Han Ahn, Alec Kimmelman, Ffolliott M Fisher, Pavlos Pissios, Dominic J Withers, Colin Selman, Rui Wang, Kelvin Yen, Valter D Longo, Pinchas Cohen, Andrzej Bartke, John J Kopchick, Richard Miller, Anthony N Hollenberg, James R Mitchell
Decreased growth hormone (GH) and thyroid hormone (TH) signaling are associated with longevity and metabolic fitness. The mechanisms underlying these benefits are poorly understood, but may overlap with those of dietary restriction (DR), which imparts similar benefits. Recently we discovered that hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is increased upon DR and plays an essential role in mediating DR benefits across evolutionary boundaries. Here we found increased hepatic H2S production in long-lived mouse strains of reduced GH and/or TH action, and in a cell-autonomous manner upon serum withdrawal in vitro...
June 6, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590765/ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-acupuncture-effect-on-common-extensor-tendon-thickness-in-patients-with-lateral-epicondylitis-a-randomized-controlled-study
#19
Fatma Gülçin Ural, Gökhan Tuna Öztürk, Hüma Bölük, Selami Akkuş
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of acupuncture on common extensor tendon (CET) thickness in patients with lateral epicondylitis (LE). Additionally, to identify whether clinical and ultrasonographic changes showed any correlation. METHODS: Forty-one patients were randomly assigned to acupuncture and control groups. Conventional treatment (rest, NSAİİ, bracing, exercise) methods for LE were applied to all patients. In addition to this, the acupuncture treatment was applied to the acupuncture group...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590389/brace-success-as-related-to-curve-type-compliance-and-maturity-in-adolescents-with-idiopathic-scoliosis-commentary-on-an-article-by-rachel-m-thompson-md-et-al-brace-success-is-related-to-curve-type-in-patients-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#20
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