keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Posture back pain

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448220/trunk-postural-balance-and-low-back-pain-reliability-and-relationship-with-clinical-changes-following-a-lumbar-stabilization-exercise-program
#1
Ali Shahvarpour, Dany Gagnon, Richard Preuss, Sharon M Henry, Christian Larivière
Lumbar stabilization programs reduce pain and disability, but the mechanisms of action underlying this treatment are unknown. Trunk postural control during unstable sitting represents a surrogate measure of motor control mechanisms involved to maintain the dynamic stability of the spine. This exploratory study aimed to determine the reliability of trunk postural control measures over an 8-week interval, their sensitivity to low back pain status and treatment and their relationship with clinical outcomes. Trunk postural control measures were determined in patients with low back pain before and after an 8-week lumbar stabilization exercise program...
February 9, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446170/magnetic-resonance-elastography-of-the-lumbar-back-muscles-a-preliminary-study
#2
Maud Creze, Soubeyrand Marc, Jin Long Yue, Olivier Gagey, Xavier Maître, Bellin Marie-France
INTRODUCTION: Back pain is associated with increased lumbar paraspinal muscle (LPM) stiffness identified by manual palpation and strain elastography. Recently, magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) has allowed the stiffness of muscle to be characterized noninvasively in vivo, providing quantitative 3D stiffness maps (elastograms). The aim of this study was to characterize the stiffness (shear modulus, SM) of the LPM (multifidus and erector spinae) using MRE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MRE of the lumbar region was performed on seven adults in supine position...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436758/perception-of-dental-students-on-risk-factors-of-musculoskeletal-disorders
#3
A C Botta, C D Presoto, D Wajngarten, J A D B Campos, P P N S Garcia
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity and reliability of the Job Factors Questionnaire, and the influence of gender, academic level and pain/discomfort on dental students' perception regarding risk factors of musculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: One hundred forty-five dental students from Stony Brook School of Dental Medicine participated voluntarily in this study. The survey was organised in two sections: (i) Job Factors Questionnaire with 15 items that evaluated students' perceptions about job/study environmental risk factors and their potential contribution to musculoskeletal disorders...
February 13, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435955/effects-of-manual-somatic-stimulation-on-the-autonomic-nervous-system-and-posture
#4
Giovanni Barassi, Rosa Grazia Bellomo, Camillo Di Giulio, Giuseppe Giannuzzo, Giuseppe Irace, Claudia Barbato, Raoul Saggini
Low back pain frequently involves a multifactorial etiology and requires medical attention. The aim of the study was to assess the associations among pain, posture, and autonomic nervous system function in patients with low back pain, using neuromuscular manual therapy versus a generic peripheral manual stimulation (back massage therapy). Twenty young patients with low back pain were enrolled into the study. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: treated with neuromuscular manual therapy performed after a specific structural evaluation and treated with back massage therapy...
February 13, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410595/relief-of-exertional-dyspnea-and-spinal-pains-by-increasing-the-thoracic-kyphosis-in-straight-back-syndrome-thoracic-hypo-kyphosis-using-cbp%C3%A2-methods-a-case-report-with-long-term-follow-up
#5
Joseph W Betz, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present the clinically significant improvement of straight back syndrome (SBS) in a patient with spinal pain and exertional dyspnea. [Subject and Methods] A 19 year old presented with excessive thoracic hypokyphosis and other postural deviations. A multimodal CBP® mirror image® protocol of corrective exercises, traction procedures and spine/posture adjusting were given over an initial 12-week course of intensive treatment followed by a 2.75 year follow-up with minimal supportive treatment...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409639/the-effects-of-breaks-on-low-back-pain-discomfort-and-work-productivity-in-office-workers-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-and-non-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
REVIEW
Pooriput Waongenngarm, Kantheera Areerak, Prawit Janwantanakul
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of breaks on low back pain, discomfort, and work productivity in office workers. Publications were systematically searched in several databases from 1980 to December 2016. Relevant randomized and non-randomized controlled trials were retrieved and assessed for methodological quality by two independent reviewers. Quality of evidence was assessed and rated according to GRADE guidelines. Eight randomized controlled trials and three non-randomized controlled trials were included in this review, of which 10 were rated as high-quality studies...
April 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387444/comparison-of-standing-postural-control-and-gait-parameters-in-people-with-and-without-chronic-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-case-control-study
#7
Catharine Siân MacRae, Duncan Critchley, Jeremy S Lewis, Adam Shortland
Objective: Differences in postural control and gait have been identified between people with and without chronic low back pain (CLBP); however, many previous studies present data from small samples, or have used methodologies with questionable reliability. This study, employing robust methodology, hypothesised that there would be a difference in postural control, and spatiotemporal parameters of gait in people with CLBP compared with asymptomatic individuals. Methods: This cross-sectional case-control study age-matched and gender-matched 16 CLBP and 16 asymptomatic participants...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379091/pisa-syndrome-in-parkinson-s-disease-pathogenic-roles-of-verticality-perception-deficits
#8
Young Eun Huh, Kunhyun Kim, Won-Ho Chung, Jinyoung Youn, Seonwoo Kim, Jin Whan Cho
We elucidated whether verticality misperception is associated with the generation of Pisa syndrome (PS) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). To examine the heterogenous influence of verticality perception, we also identified the characteristics distinguishing between PD patients with PS who tilted toward the deviation of perceived verticality and those who did not. Subjective visual vertical (SVV) testing was performed in 54 PD patients with PS and 36 without PS to measure verticality perception. Other potential risk factors for PS were evaluated by assessing the asymmetry of motor symptoms, EMG activities of paraspinal muscles, bithermal caloric tests, back pain history, and Berg Balance Scale...
January 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372435/trunk-reaction-time-and-kinematic-changes-following-slip-perturbations-in-subjects-with-recurrent-low-back-pain
#9
Paul S Sung, Pamela Danial
Postural responses following slip perturbations are critical to fall prevention strategies. It is unclear how postural reactions with a handheld task can validly be transferred to treadmill-induced slip perturbations in subjects with recurrent low back pain (LBP). The purpose of this study was to investigate trunk reaction times and trunk flexion angle as well as velocity following the slips between subjects with and without LBP. There were 29 subjects with LBP and 40 control subjects who participated in the study...
January 25, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366560/lumbar-loads-and-trunk-kinematics-in-people-with-a-transtibial-amputation-during-sit-to-stand
#10
Jason A Actis, Luis A Nolasco, Deanna H Gates, Anne K Silverman
People with a transtibial amputation have numerous secondary health conditions, including an increased prevalence of low back pain. This increased prevalence may be partially explained by altered low back biomechanics during movement. The purpose of this study was to compare trunk kinematics and L4-L5 lumbar loads in people with and without a transtibial amputation during sit-to-stand. Motion capture, ground reaction force and electromyographic data were collected from eight people with a unilateral transtibial amputation and eight people without an amputation during five self-paced sit-to-stand motions...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353149/different-ways-to-balance-the-spine-in-sitting-muscle-activity-in-specific-postures-differs-between-individuals-with-and-without-a-history-of-back-pain-in-sitting
#11
Andrew P Claus, Julie A Hides, G Lorimer Moseley, Paul W Hodges
BACKGROUND: Previous research explored muscle activity in four distinct sitting postures with fine-wire electromyography, and found that lumbar multifidus muscle activity increased incrementally between sitting with flat thoracolumbar and lumbar regions, long thoracolumbar lordosis, or short lordosis confined to the lumbar region. This study used similar methods to explore whether people with a history of low back pain provoked by prolonged sitting used different patterns of trunk muscle activity in specific postures...
January 10, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332033/effect-of-dual-tasking-on-anticipatory-and-compensatory-postural-adjustments-in-response-to-external-perturbations-in-individuals-with-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain-electromyographic-analysis
#12
Ladan Hemmati, Soraya Piroozi, Zahra Rojhani-Shirazi
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), postural control is a demanding task in terms of attention. Although the attentional demands of postural control have been investigated in these patients, the attentional demands of postural recovery during dual task performance have not been evaluated in patients with nonspecific CLBP. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of dual tasking on anticipatory and compensatory postural adjustments in response to an external perturbation in patients with nonspecific CLBP...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331975/is-postoperative-bracing-after-pedicle-screw-fixation-of-spine-fractures-necessary-study-protocol-of-the-ornot-study-a-randomised-controlled-multicentre-trial
#13
Arjen Johannes Smits, Jaap Deunk, Agnita Stadhouder, Mark Cornelis Altena, Diederik Hendrik Ruth Kempen, Frank Willem Bloemers
INTRODUCTION: The most common surgical treatment of traumatic spine fractures is through a posterior approach using pedicle screws and rods. Postoperative treatment protocols including the use of postoperative orthoses however differ between hospitals and surgeons. A three-point hyperextension orthosis is designed to support proper posture and unload the anterior column. Some motion remains when wearing an orthosis, and its main value in postoperative treatment is therefore believed to be pain relief and patient confidence...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325537/factors-associated-with-the-prevalence-of-back-pain-and-work-absence-in-shipyard-workers
#14
Seiji Watanabe, Toshiaki Takahashi, Jun Takeba, Hiromasa Miura
BACKGROUND: We conducted a questionnaire survey of shipyard workers to identify difficulties experienced due to orthopedic or musculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: The subjects were 375 workers (male, 361; female, 14) who worked for a single shipbuilding company. Questionnaire items covered the working environment, including work environment, working posture, and the weight of objects that the subject dealt with, as well as physical and lifestyle characteristics, namely smoking habits, drinking habits, sleeping hours, medications, exercise habits, and any weight gain of 20 kg or more since the age of 20...
January 11, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324727/frequent-exertion-and-frequent-standing-at-work-by-industry-and-occupation-group-united-states-2015
#15
Taylor M Shockey, Sara E Luckhaupt, Matthew R Groenewold, Ming-Lun Lu
Repeated exposure to occupational ergonomic hazards, such as frequent exertion (repetitive bending or twisting) and frequent standing, can lead to injuries, most commonly musculoskeletal disorders (1). Work-related musculoskeletal disorders have been estimated to cost the United States approximately $2.6 billion in annual direct and indirect costs (2). A recent literature review provided evidence that prolonged standing at work also leads to adverse health outcomes, such as back pain, physical fatigue, and muscle pain (3)...
January 12, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310637/reliability-and-validity-of-a-novel-kinect-based-software-program-for-measuring-posture-balance-and-side-bending
#16
Wilhelmus Johannes Andreas Grooten, Lisa Sandberg, John Ressman, Nicolas Diamantoglou, Elin Johansson, Eva Rasmussen-Barr
BACKGROUND: Clinical examinations are subjective and often show a low validity and reliability. Objective and highly reliable quantitative assessments are available in laboratory settings using 3D motion analysis, but these systems are too expensive to use for simple clinical examinations. Qinematic™ is an interactive movement analyses system based on the Kinect camera and is an easy-to-use clinical measurement system for assessing posture, balance and side-bending. The aim of the study was to test the test-retest the reliability and construct validity of Qinematic™ in a healthy population, and to calculate the minimal clinical differences for the variables of interest...
January 8, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306961/prediction-models-to-identify-workers-at-risk-of-sick-leave-due-to-low-back-pain-in-the-dutch-construction-industry
#17
Lisa C Bosman, Lyan Dijkstra, Catelijne I Oling, Martijn W Heymans, Jos Wr Twisk, Corné Am Roelen
Objective The aim of this study was to develop a prediction model based on variables measured in occupational health checks to identify non-sick listed workers at risk of sick leave due to non-specific low-back pain (LBP). Methods This cohort study comprised manual (N=22 648) and non-manual (N=9735) construction workers who participated in occupational health checks between 2010 and 2013. Occupational health check variables were used as potential predictors and LBP sick leave was recorded during 1-year follow-up...
January 7, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306254/three-dimensional-evaluation-of-pelvic-posture-in-adolescents-with-and-without-a-history-of-low-back-pain
#18
Seher Özyürek, Arzu Genç, Hayriye Kul Karaali, Zeliha Candan Algun
Background/aim: This study aimed to evaluate the three-dimensional (3D) profile of pelvic posture and postural displacements of the pelvis in adolescents with and without a history of low back pain (LBP). Materials and methods: Thirty-two adolescents participated in this study. Participants were asked if they had ever suffered LBP at some point in their lives. Participants were divided into two groups: with a history of LBP (LBP group) and without a history of LBP (control group). For 3D evaluation of pelvic posture, the PosturePrint system was used...
December 19, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274629/trunk-sway-response-to-consecutive-slip-perturbations-between-subjects-with-and-without-recurrent-low-back-pain
#19
Paul S Sung, Pamela Danial
BACKGROUND: Trunk sway responses following perturbations are critical to develop adequate prevention strategies. It is unclear how postural responses with a handheld task can validly be transferred to treadmill-induced slip perturbations in subjects with recurrent low back pain (LBP). OBJECTIVE: To compare trunk sway angle, velocity, and reaction time following treadmill-induced perturbations while subjects with and without LBP held a tray. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
December 16, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230667/impact-of-musculoskeletal-pain-on-balance-and-concerns-of-falling-in-mobility-limited-community-dwelling-danes-over-75%C3%A2-years-of-age-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Julie C Kendall, Lars G Hvid, Jan Hartvigsen, Azharuddin Fazalbhoy, Michael F Azari, Mathias Skjødt, Stephen R Robinson, Paolo Caserotti
BACKGROUND: In older adults, musculoskeletal pain is associated with increased concerns of falling, reduced balance and increased occurrence of falls. In younger adults, the intensity of neck pain and low back pain is associated with increased postural sway. It is not known if pain further impairs balance and concerns of falling in mobility-limited older adults, and if so, whether this is associated with different intensities of pain. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether mobility-limited older adults with mild or intense neck pain and/or low back pain have significantly increased postural sway as measured by centre of pressure (COP) changes and concerns of falling compared to those without pain...
December 11, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
keyword
keyword
79013
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"