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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820152/back-pain-in-ophthalmology-national-survey-of-indian-ophthalmologists
#1
Ramesh Venkatesh, Sumit Kumar
PURPOSE: The aim is to assess the prevalence, severity, and associations of back pain among Indian ophthalmologists. METHODS: A self-reporting questionnaire was sent to ophthalmologists with valid e-mail addresses registered with the All India Ophthalmological Society. The survey was open for responses for 2 months. RESULTS: A total of 651 (5.96%) responses were obtained; 394 (61%) males and 257 (39%) females. Half (50%) of responses were obtained from doctors belonging to 31-40 years' age group...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813979/towards-low-back-support-with-a-passive-biomimetic-exo-spine
#2
Matthias B Naf, Laura De Rijcke, Carlos Rodriguez Guerrero, Matthew Millard, Bram Vanderborght, Dirk Lefeber
Low-Back Pain (LBP) affects a large portion of the working population. Preventive exoskeletons have been proposed to reduce the moments on the lower back, specifically around the lumbosacral (L5/S1) joint. High correlation has been shown, between reducing the moments around the L5/S1 joint and intervertebral compression forces, which in turn have been identified as a risk factor for developing LBP. However, most passive back support exoskeletons use rigid plates or stiff beams to support the spine that limit the range of motion of the wearer...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811812/lower-thoracic-syndrome
#3
Muhammad Nazim Farooq
The role of thoracic spine related dysfunction in producing lower extremity symptoms is not clear. This case study describes the assessment and treatment of a patient with low back pain and bilateral lower extremity (BLE) symptoms. It was found that patient education about postural awareness and passive mobilization are valuable aids to decrease BLE symptoms due to sympathetic nervous system (SNS) dysfunction and lower thoracic hypomobility. The clinicians need to consider examination and treatment of the lower thoracic area in patients with BLE symptoms...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800302/the-effect-of-pain-severity-on-postural-stability-and-dynamic-limits-of-stability-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#4
Elsadat Saad Soliman, Tamer Mohamed Shousha, Mohamed Salaheldien Alayat
BACKGROUND: Deficits of dynamic balance in chronic low back pain patients have been reported by different studies in terms of impaired postural control. However, they excluded the degree of pain as a determinant affecting dynamic balance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of pain intensity on dynamic balance control in terms of postural stability indices (PSIs) and limits of stability (LOS) in chronic LBP patients. METHODS: Sixty subjects (38 men, 22 women) participated in the current study, 45 patients with chronic LBP were selected randomly and served as the chronic LBP group while 15 healthy subjects served as the asymptomatic group (AS)...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757287/sagittal-lumbo-pelvic-alignment-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-and-the-effects-of-a-high-load-lifting-exercise-and-individualized-low-load-motor-control-exercises-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Lars Berglund, Björn Aasa, Peter Michaelson, Ulrika Aasa
Background Context Assessment of posture and lumbo-pelvic alignment is often a main focus in the classification and treatment of patients with low back pain. However, little is known regarding the effects of motor control interventions on objective measures of lumbo-pelvic alignment. Purpose The primary aim of this study was to describe the variation of sagittal lumbo-pelvic alignment in patients with nociceptive mechanical low back pain. The secondary aim was to compare the effects of a high-load lifting exercise (HLL) and low-load motor control exercises (LMC) on change in lumbo-pelvic alignment with a special emphasis on patients with high and low degrees of lumbar lordosis (lu) and sacral angle (sa)...
July 28, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746244/the-effect-of-unicycle-riding-course-on-trunk-strength-and-trunk-stability-functions-in-children
#6
Andrej Kocjan, Nejc Sarabon
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of unicycling on trunk strength and timing of automatic stability actions of the selected trunk muscles (multifidus, obliquus externus, erector spine). METHODS: Twenty healthy 12-year-old children (12 boys, 8 girls; age 12.1 ± 0.2 yrs; body height 1.57 ± 0.05 m; body mass 52.8 ± 10.6 kg) were assigned to experimental and control group. Experimental group performed a supervised 12-session course of unicycling...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744065/effect-of-modified-leg-raising-exercise-on-the-pain-and-pelvic-angle-of-a-patient-with-back-pain-and-excessive-lordosis
#7
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] This study developed a modified active leg-raising exercise to decrease lumbar lordosis and assessed its effectiveness in a patient with low back pain and excessive lumbar lordosis. [Subject and Methods] The subject was a 56-year-old woman with excessive lordosis, who complained of continuous severe LBP pain at the L5 level for 1 year. The subject performed the modified active leg-raising exercise while flexing the neck. She performed the modified active leg-raising exercises for 2 weeks, performing three sets of 30 repetitions per day...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744061/reversing-thoracic-hyperkyphosis-a-case-report-featuring-mirror-image-%C3%A2-thoracic-extension-rehabilitation
#8
Jason E Miller, Paul A Oakley, Scott B Levin, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present a case of non-surgical reduction of thoracic hyperkyphosis utilizing a multimodal rehabilitation program emphasizing the mirror image(®) concept. [Subject and Methods] A 15-year-old female presented to a rehabilitation office suffering from back and neck pains and headaches. The patient was treated sporadically over a period of 13-months. Treatment consisted of anterior thoracic translation and thoracic extension exercises, spinal traction and spinal manipulation. [Results] After 13-months of treatment the patient displayed a significant reduction in hyperkyphosis and a dramatic correction of her overall posture and spine alignment corresponding to the reduction in back/neck pains, headaches and the simultaneous improvement of various other health issues...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744050/effect-of-standing-postural-deviations-on-trunk-and-hip-muscle-activity
#9
Ryo Fujitani, Takumi Jiromaru, Noriyuki Kida, Teruo Nomura
[Purpose] It is very important to consider effects that postural deviations has on muscle activity when treating low back pain. Therefore, activities of trunk and hip joint muscles in healthy adults while they attempted three postural conditions of neutral, sway-back, and lordosis was compared and evaluated in this study. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects comprised 17 healthy adult male volunteers. The muscle activity and spinal curve were measured while the subjects attempted different postural conditions (neutral, sway-back, and lordosis) as defined in the text...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740325/low-level-laser-therapy-in-patients-with-chronic-foot-and-ankle-joint-pain
#10
Hideaki Izukura, Midori Miyagi, Takashi Harada, Toshio Ohshiro, Satoru Ebihara
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic foot and ankle joint pain is one of the most frequent complaints which is regularly seen in the out-patient clinic of our medical institute. In previous studies we have reported on the benefits of low level laser therapy (LLLT) for chronic pain in the elbow, hand, finger and the lower back. The present study examined the effects of LLLT on chronic foot and ankle joint pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over the past 5 years, 17 subjects visited the out-patient clinic with complaints of chronic foot and ankle joint pain of a variety of aetiologies...
March 31, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737670/motor-control-training-for-the-shoulder-with-smart-garments
#11
Qi Wang, Liesbet De Baets, Annick Timmermans, Wei Chen, Luca Giacolini, Thomas Matheve, Panos Markopoulos
Wearable technologies for posture monitoring and posture correction are emerging as a way to support and enhance physical therapy treatment, e.g., for motor control training in neurological disorders or for treating musculoskeletal disorders, such as shoulder, neck, or lower back pain. Among the various technological options for posture monitoring, wearable systems offer potential advantages regarding mobility, use in different contexts and sustained tracking in daily life. We describe the design of a smart garment named Zishi to monitor compensatory movements and evaluate its applicability for shoulder motor control training in a clinical setting...
July 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735778/yoga-for-military-veterans-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Erik J Groessl, Lin Liu, Douglas G Chang, Julie L Wetherell, Jill E Bormann, J Hamp Atkinson, Sunita Baxi, Laura Schmalzl
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain (cLBP) is prevalent, especially among military veterans. Many cLBP treatment options have limited benefits and are accompanied by side effects. Major efforts to reduce opioid use and embrace nonpharmacological pain treatments have resulted. Research with community cLBP patients indicates that yoga can improve health outcomes and has few side effects. The benefits of yoga among military veterans were examined. DESIGN: Participants were randomized to either yoga or delayed yoga treatment in 2013-2015...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733722/non-specific-chronic-low-back-pain-differences-in-spinal-kinematics-in-subgroups-during-functional-tasks
#13
Rebecca Hemming, Liba Sheeran, Robert van Deursen, Valerie Sparkes
PURPOSE: A multidimensional classification approach suggests that motor control impairment subgroups exist in non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). Differences in sitting lumbar posture have been identified between two such subgroups [flexion pattern (FP) and active extension pattern (AEP)] and healthy individuals; however, functional spinal movement has not been explored. This study will evaluate whether NSCLBP subgroups exhibit regional spinal kinematic differences, compared to healthy individuals, during functional tasks...
July 21, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718273/3d-quantitative-evaluation-of-spine-proprioceptive-perception-motor-control-through-instinctive-self-correction-manoeuvre-in-healthy-young-subjects-posture-an-observational-study
#14
Moreno D'Amico, Edyta Kinel, Piero Roncoletta
BACKGROUND: Conservative treatment in spine deformities and spine related disorders is mainly based on proper individual proprioceptive and motor control training. For these reasons, conservative treatment involves the stimulation of individual capability of perceiving/reducing deformities, blocks and/or improper spine posture by voluntary control. The literature describes that habitually adopted relaxed postures often exacerbate low back pain. Typically, youths can be referred to therapeutic programs aimed at improving the quality of body posture along with fostering the awareness of the importance of correct posture...
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715240/the-effect-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-on-respiratory-variables-in-a-patient-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-case-report
#15
Marlon L Wong, Rachael G Anderson, Kelsey Garcia, Elissa M Housmann, Erin McHale, Gregory S Goldberger, Lawrence P Cahalin
Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) presents with both musculoskeletal and cardiorespiratory pathophysiological manifestations. Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) may be a useful intervention to address deficits in respiratory and functional status. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 25-year-old male with AS initially sought treatment for low back and right hip pain, but 7 weeks of IMT was also provided due to abnormal respiratory performance. OUTCOMES: At baseline, the patient presented with a resting respiratory rate (RR) of 14...
July 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707222/considering-the-inferior-surface-area-of-lower-lumbar-vertebrae-determining-weight-transmission-pattern-at-the-lumbosacral-junction
#16
Uchenna Kenneth Ezemagu, Chike P Anibeze, Chinedu F Akpuaka
The biomechanical function of the lumbosacral junction (LSJ) is obscure, but its medical significance is not, as it is the most common site of low back pain. In this study, we analyzed the difference between the mean values of the surface areas of the inferior body and total inferior facet areas of the fourth and fifth lumbar vertebrae. We aimed to define the function of the LSJ during weight transmission and clarify its mechanical significance. Vertebral columns of 45 adult male human cadavers from five anatomy departments in Nigeria were cut at the L3-L4 intervertebral disc and macerated...
July 13, 2017: Anatomical Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706082/postural-sway-working-years-and-bmi-in-healthy-truck-drivers-an-observational-study
#17
Daniela Ohlendorf, Paul Troebs, Andreas Lenk, Eileen Wanke, Jörg Natrup, David Groneberg
OBJECTIVES: The following study analyses the influence of risk factors among the occupational group of truck drivers on postural control and body mass index (BMI). DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: One motorway station close to several highways in Germany. PARTICIPANTS: 180 truck drivers (177 male/3 female), aged 21-65 years old, took part in this study. OUTCOME MEASURES: Postural control was examined using a pressure plate...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690018/adaptations-of-lumbar-biomechanics-after-four-weeks-of-running-training-with-minimalist-footwear-and-technique-guidance-implications-for-running-related-lower-back-pain
#18
Szu-Ping Lee, Joshua P Bailey, Jo Armour Smith, Stephanie Barton, David Brown, Talia Joyce
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the changes in lumbar kinematic and paraspinal muscle activation before, during, and after a 4-week minimalist running training. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Seventeen habitually shod recreational runners who run 10-50 km per week. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: During stance phases of running, sagittal lumbar kinematics was recorded using an electrogoniometer, and activities of the lumbar paraspinal muscles were assessed by electromyography...
December 2, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683929/how-do-we-stand-variations-during-repeated-standing-phases-of-asymptomatic-subjects-and-low-back-pain-patients
#19
Hendrik Schmidt, Maxim Bashkuev, Jeronimo Weerts, Friedmar Graichen, Joern Altenscheidt, Christoph Maier, Sandra Reitmaier
An irreproducible standing posture can lead to mis-interpretation of radiological measurements, wrong diagnoses and possibly unnecessary treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the differences in lumbar lordosis and sacrum orientation in six repetitive upright standing postures of 353 asymptomatic subjects (including 332 non-athletes and 21 athletes - soccer players) and 83 low back pain (LBP) patients using a non-invasive back-shape measurement device. In the standing position, all investigated cohorts displayed a large inter-subject variability in sacrum orientation (∼40°) and lumbar lordosis (∼53°)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672126/low-back-cutaneous-vibration-and-its-effect-on-trunk-postural-control
#20
Adam R Cornwall, Diane E Gregory
The current study investigated the effects of a low back pain (LBP) vibration modality on trunk motor control. Trunk repositioning error and responses to a sudden loading trunk perturbation were evaluated pre- and post-vibration (15min vibration exposure while sitting on a standard chair) as well as when concurrent cutaneous low back vibration was applied. Only minor effects were observed post-vibration when compared to pre-vibration. However, when vibration was applied at the same time as the sudden trunk perturbations, lumbar erector spinae and external oblique muscles were significantly more delayed in activating following the perturbation...
June 30, 2017: Human Movement Science
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