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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213141/-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-sagittal-spinal-curvatures-on-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-young-people
#1
Anna Zwierzchowska, Jacek Tuz
BACKGROUND: In Poland, about 85% of the population report low back pain (LBP) symptoms overall. Moreover, 70-80% of people aged below 20 have already experienced back pain. The primary cause of LBP is the loss of spinal lordosis, which initiates changes in geometry of the spine and has impact on limb arrangement. The aim of the study was to attempt to verify the relationship between the 2 main curvatures of the spine and its relation to symptoms in different parts of the musculoskeletal system, in a group of adults...
December 5, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205218/a-longitudinal-assessment-of-myoelectric-activity-postural-sway-and-low-back-pain-during-pregnancy
#2
Luciana S Moreira, Leonardo A Elias, Adriane B Gomide, Marcus F Vieira, Waldemar N DO Amaral
PURPOSE: The present study aimed at investigating the control of upright quiet standing in pregnant women throughout pregnancy, and whether low-back pain exerts influence on this motor task. METHODS: Myoelectric signals from postural muscles and stabilometric data were collected from 15 non-pregnant and 15 pregnant women during upright quiet standing. Electromyogram envelopes and center of pressure metrics were evaluated in the control group, as well as in pregnant women in their first and third trimester of pregnancy...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202429/low-back-pain-and-disability-in-individuals-with-plantar-heel-pain
#3
Shane McClinton, Carolyn F Weber, Bryan Heiderscheit
BACKGROUND: Lack of response to plantar heel pain (PHP) treatment may be related to unmanaged low back pain (LBP) and low back dysfunction, but a relationship between LBP and PHP has not been established. The purpose of this investigation was to compare the prevalence of LBP among individuals with and without PHP and to assess the association between low back disability and foot/ankle function. METHODS: A cross-sectional study compared the prevalence and likelihood of LBP in individuals with (n=27) and without (n=27) PHP matched to age, sex, BMI, foot posture, and foot mobility...
September 28, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200654/scoliosis-deformity-reduction-in-adults-a-cbp%C3%A2-mirror-image%C3%A2-case-series-incorporating-the-non-commutative-property-of-finite-rotation-angles-under-addition-in-five-patients-with-lumbar-and-thoraco-lumbar-scoliosis
#4
Deed E Harrison, Paul A Oakley
[Purpose] This case series presents the unique application of the non-commutative property of finite rotation angles under addition to the CBP® mirror image® treatment protocol for adult lumbar and thoraco-lumbar scoliosis. [Subjects and Methods] Five adult patients having lumbar/thoraco-lumbar scoliosis and back pain, and having at least two prominent thoracic postural abnormalities according to Harrison's rotations and translations of thoracic postures were included. After initial assessment, mirror-image stress x-rays were taken...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200642/the-effects-of-calcaneal-posture-on-thoracolumbar-alignment-in-a-standing-position
#5
Seon-Chil Kim, Jae-Hoon Yi, Sang-Woo Jung, Dong-Kwon Seo
[Purpose] Severe calcaneus misalignment is correlated with low back pain, and affects pelvic alignment. However, little has been published with regard to the influence of pronation and supination on trunk alignment. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the influence of calcaneal inversion on pelvic and trunk alignment. [Subjects and Methods] A 3-dimensional motion analysis system was used to assess pelvic and trunk alignment in 10 healthy male subjects with unilateral and bilateral calcaneus inversion...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191701/back-pain-and-body-posture-evaluation-instrument-for-adults-expansion-and-reproducibility
#6
Cláudia Tarragô Candotti, Emanuelle Francine Detogni Schmit, Luiza Rampi Pivotto, Eduardo Gonçalves Raupp, Matias Noll, Adriane Vieira, Jefferson Fagundes Loss
The aim of this study was to propose, validate, and test the reproducibility of an expanded version of the Back Pain and Body Posture Evaluation Instrument (BackPEI), originally designed to assess back pain in school-aged children, for use with adults. Five questions from the original BackPEI were replaced, resulting in the revised instrument (BackPEI-A) containing 20 questions. Three experts checked the content validity of the revised instrument, and the reproducibility was tested by trialing the questionnaire with 154 adults...
November 27, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184289/proprioceptive-change-impairs-balance-control-in-older-patients-with-low-back-pain
#7
Tadashi Ito, Yoshihito Sakai, Kazunori Yamazaki, Kazuma Igarashi, Noritaka Sato, Kiyoko Yokoyama, Yoshifumi Morita
[Purpose] This study aims to determine the specific proprioceptive control strategy used during postural balance in older patients with low back pain (LBP) and non-LBP (NLBP) and to assess whether this strategy is related to proprioceptive decline and LBP. [Subjects and Methods] Pressure displacement center was determined in 47 older persons with LBP and 64 older persons with NLBP during upright stance on a balance board without vision. Gastrocnemius (GS) and lumbar multifidus muscle (LM) vibratory stimulations of 60 and 240-Hz, respectively, were applied to evaluate the relative contributions of different proprioceptive signals (relative proprioceptive weighting ratio, RPW) used in postural control...
October 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174457/what-does-the-shape-of-our-back-tell-us-correlation-between-sacrum-orientation-and-lumbar-lordosis
#8
Hendrik Schmidt, Maxim Bashkuev, Jeronimo Weerts, Joern Altenscheidt, Christoph Maier, Sandra Reitmaier
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Sacral slope and lumbar lordosis have been studied extensively in recent years via x-ray examinations and strongly correlate with each other. This raises firstly the question of the reproducibility of this correlation in multiple standing phases and secondly whether this correlation can be achieved using non-radiological measurement tools. PURPOSE: This study aimed to (1) determine the extent to which the back-shape measurements correspond to the correlations between the sacral slope and lumbar lordosis found in previous radiologic investigations, (2) identify a possible effect of age and gender on this correlation and (3) evaluate the extent to which this correlation is affected by repeated standing phases...
November 21, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171981/a-comparison-of-occupational-groups-using-different-working-postures-in-terms-of-their-low-back-and-neck-health-status
#9
Hatice Çetin, Sevil Bilgin, Jale Karakaya, Nezire Köse
OBJECTIVE: To compare how disability, fear of movement, psychosocial status and quality of life are affected in terms of low back-neck health status in three occupational groups using different work postures. METHOD: Three hundred thirty-nine individuals participated in this study from the following three different occupational groups: group A, where the individuals worked in a prolonged sitting position (secretaries), group B, where the individuals performed dynamic activities in a standing position (cleaning workers) and group C, where the individuals worked in a prolonged standing position (private security officers)...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161614/changes-of-lumbar-posture-and-tissue-loading-during-static-trunk-bending
#10
Faisal Alessa, Xiaopeng Ning
Static trunk bending is an occupational risk factor for lower back pain (LBP). When assessing relative short duration trunk bending tasks, existing studies mostly assumed unchanged spine biomechanical responses during task performance. The purpose of the current study was to assess the biomechanical changes of lumbar spine during the performance of relatively short duration, sustained trunk bending tasks. Fifteen participants performed 40-s static trunk bending tasks in two different trunk angles (30° or 60°) with two different hand load levels (0 or 6...
November 18, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156863/sleep-quality-sleeping-postures-and-sleeping-equipment-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#11
Servet Yolbaş, Ahmet Yıldırım, Deccane Düzenci, Barış Gündoğdu, Metin Özgen, Süleyman Serdar Koca
Background/aim: Inflammatory back pain, spinal stiffness, and limited spinal mobility are characteristic features of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Sleeping postures can affect and/or reflect sleeping disturbances. The aim of the study was to evaluate sleeping postures and sleep disturbances in patients with AS. Materials and methods: Seventy-seven patients with AS and 49 healthy controls were enrolled. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) were applied to both groups...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154262/review-of-scapular-movement-disorders-among-office-workers-having-ergonomic-risk
#12
Ö Depreli, E Angın
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are the most common health problems which affect millions of office workers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine scapular positioning at rest and different anatomical planes, the assessment of pain, postural changes and the functionality of upper extremity that is caused by the lack of ergonomic principles among office workers of civil servants in TRNC (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus). METHODS: One hundred and eighty-three individuals participated in the study and 2 groups were created by grand scores of Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) tool...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147083/spinal-cord-stimulation-in-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-effects-on-posture-and-gait-a-preliminary-3d-biomechanical-study
#13
L Brugliera, A De Luca, S Corna, M Bertolotto, G A Checchia, M Cioni, P Capodaglio, C Lentino
We studied 8 patients with spinal cord stimulation (SCS) devices which had been previously implanted to treat neuropathic chronic pain secondary to Failed Back Surgery Syndrome. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of SCS on posture and gait by means of clinical scales (Short Form Health Survey-36, Visual Analogue Scale for pain, and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale) and instrumented evaluation with 3D Gait Analysis using a stereophotogrammetric system. The latter was performed with the SCS device turned both OFF and ON...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115188/sit-stand-workstations-and-impact-on-low-back-discomfort-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Shuchi Agarwal, Craig Steinmaus, Carisa Harris-Adamson
BACKGROUND: Sit-stand workstations are proposed solutions to reduce sedentary time at work. Numerous companies are using them to mitigate health concerns such as musculoskeletal discomfort. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on sit-stand workstations and low back discomfort. METHOD: We conducted a meta-analysis on literature published before 17 November 2016 that addressed the relationship between sit-stand workstations and musculoskeletal discomfort, focusing on the low back...
December 4, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112509/association-between-sensorimotor-impairments-and-functional-brain-changes-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-a-critical-review
#15
Nina Goossens, Sofie Rummens, Lotte Janssens, Karen Caeyenberghs, Simon Brumagne
Low back pain (LBP) coincides with sensorimotor impairments, e.g., reduced lumbosacral tactile and proprioceptive acuity and postural control deficits. Recent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies suggest that sensorimotor impairments in LBP may be associated with brain changes. However, no consensus exists regarding the relationship between functional brain changes and sensorimotor behavior in LBP. Therefore, this review critically discusses the available fMRI studies on brain activation related to non-nociceptive somatosensory stimulation and motor performance in individuals with LBP...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105225/is-the-self-reporting-of-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-patients-treated-with-spinal-cord-stimulation-in-line-with-objective-measurements
#16
Lisa Goudman, Iris Smet, Peter Mariën, Mats De Jaeger, Sander De Groote, Eva Huysmans, Koen Putman, Jean-Pierre Van Buyten, Ronald Buyl, Maarten Moens
OBJECTIVES: To understand the subjective pain experience of patients, healthcare providers rely heavily on self-reporting. However, to quantify this unique pain experience, objective parameters are not yet available in daily clinical practice. With regard to patients with failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) treated with spinal cord stimulation (SCS), pain therapists may recover the individual functional information about the patient's posture from the implantable pulse generator (IPG) of the stimulator...
November 3, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097779/high-prevalence-of-inadequate-sitting-and-sleeping-postures-a-three-year-prospective-study-of-adolescents
#17
Matias Noll, Cláudia Tarragô Candotti, Bruna Nichele da Rosa, Marja Bochehin do Valle, Arthur Antoniolli, Adriane Vieira, Jefferson Fagundes Loss
There is a paucity of information regarding the development of body posture during adolescence. This three-year prospective study aimed to evaluate sitting and sleeping postures among adolescents, and to determine whether these postures are associated with age and sex. We assessed 525 adolescents aged 11-16 years from the fifth to eighth grades. These adolescents were reassessed three years later. The Back Pain and Body Posture Evaluation Instrument was used to evaluate the sleeping posture and three sitting positions: sitting to write, to use a computer, and during leisure activities...
November 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080466/improved-compensatory-postural-adjustments-of-the-deep-abdominals-following-exercise-in-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#18
Michael F Knox, Lucy S Chipchase, Siobhan M Schabrun, Paul W M Marshall
The purpose of this study was to determine if 8 weeks of exercise affects motor control in people with chronic low back pain (CLBP), measured by anticipatory (APAs) and compensatory postural adjustments (CPAs). APAs and CPAs were measured prior to and following 8 weeks in two groups of people with CLBP: an exercise group (n=12) who attended three exercise sessions per week for 8 weeks; and a non-exercise control group (n=12) who were advised to continue their usual activities for the duration of the study. APAs and CPAs were recorded during unilateral arm flexion, bilaterally from rectus abdominis (RA), transverse abdominis/internal oblique (TA/IO), and erector spinae (ES) via surface electromyography...
December 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078081/what-do-physiotherapists-and-manual-handling-advisors-consider-the-safest-lifting-posture-and-do-back-beliefs-influence-their-choice
#19
David Nolan, Kieran O'Sullivan, John Stephenson, Peter O'Sullivan, Michael Lucock
BACKGROUND: It is commonly believed lifting is dangerous and the back should be straight during lifting. These beliefs may arise from healthcare professionals, yet no study has evaluated the lifting and back beliefs of manual handling advisors (MHAs) and physiotherapists (PTs). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate (i) what lifting technique MHAs and PTs perceive as safest, and why, and (ii) the back pain beliefs of MHAs and PTs. DESIGN: Data was collected via an electronic survey...
October 18, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071410/effects-of-lumbosacral-orthoses-on-postural-control-in-individuals-with-or-without-non-specific-low-back-pain
#20
Jie Mi, Jiling Ye, Xin Zhao, Jie Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of lumbosacral orthoses (LSOs) on postural control in individuals with or without non-specific low back pain (NSLBP). METHODS: Individuals with NSLBP (n = 28) and healthy controls (n = 28) were enrolled to assess the postural control with or without LSOs. Postural control was tested using the Balance Master(®) NeuroCom system by the modified clinical test of sensory interaction and balance. RESULTS: Relative to controls, patients with NSLBP had deficits in postural control with greater center of pressure (COP) sway velocity when standing on firm surface (with eyes open: p = 0...
October 25, 2017: European Spine Journal
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