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Posture back pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923482/reproducibility-of-a-new-signal-processing-technique-to-assess-joint-sway-during-standing
#1
Fabian Marcel Rast, Judith Verena Graser, André Meichtry, Markus Josef Ernst, Christoph Michael Bauer
Postural control strategies can be investigated by kinematic analysis of joint movements. However, current research is focussing mainly on the analysis of centre of pressure excursion and lacks consensus on how to assess joint movement during postural control tasks. This study introduces a new signal processing technique to comprehensively quantify joint sway during standing and evaluates its reproducibility. Fifteen patients with non-specific low back pain and ten asymptomatic participants performed three repetitions of a 60-second standing task on foam surface...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913929/-inpatient-multimodal-pain-therapy-additive-value-of-neuromuscular-core-stability-exercises-for-chronic-back-pain
#2
F Giesche, H Streicher, M Maiwald, P Wagner
INTRODUCTION: The medical and healthcare economic burden caused by chronic lumbar back pain (CLBP) requires the use of interdisciplinary treatment approaches. The present study aimed to evaluate whether the effectiveness of inpatient multimodal pain therapy (MPT, operations and procedures (OPS) coding 8-918.02), can be increased by implementing additional neuromuscular core stability exercises (NCSE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: As part of a prospective controlled study, subjects with CLBP (n = 48, 17 males, 58...
December 2, 2016: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900198/do-rocker-sole-shoes-influence-postural-stability-in-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomised-trial
#3
C Sian MacRae, Duncan Critchley, Matthew Morrissey, Adam Shortland, Jeremy S Lewis
BACKGROUND: People with chronic low back pain (CLBP) demonstrate greater postural instability compared with asymptomatic individuals. Rocker-sole shoes are inherently unstable and may serve as an effective balance training device. This study hypothesised that wearing rocker-sole shoes would result in long-term improvement in barefoot postural stability in people with CLBP. METHODS: 20 participants with CLBP were randomised to wear rocker-sole or flat-sole shoes for a minimum of 2 hours each day...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868066/application-of-machine-learning-approaches-for-classifying-sitting-posture-based-on-force-and-acceleration-sensors
#4
Roland Zemp, Matteo Tanadini, Stefan Plüss, Karin Schnüriger, Navrag B Singh, William R Taylor, Silvio Lorenzetti
Occupational musculoskeletal disorders, particularly chronic low back pain (LBP), are ubiquitous due to prolonged static sitting or nonergonomic sitting positions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop an instrumented chair with force and acceleration sensors to determine the accuracy of automatically identifying the user's sitting position by applying five different machine learning methods (Support Vector Machines, Multinomial Regression, Boosting, Neural Networks, and Random Forest). Forty-one subjects were requested to sit four times in seven different prescribed sitting positions (total 1148 samples)...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858698/low-back-pain-prevalence-in-healthcare-professionals-and-identification-of-factors-affecting-low-back-pain
#5
Ozge Cınar-Medeni, Bulent Elbasan, Irem Duzgun
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal system diseases are commonly observed among nurses, physiotherapists, dentists, and dieticians. OBJECTIVE: To assess working postures of nurses, physiotherapists, dentists and dieticians, to identify whether low back pain (LBP) is present, and to put forth the correlation between LBP, working posture, and other factors. METHODS: Twenty seven physiotherapists, 34 nurses, 30 dentists, and 16 dieticians were included...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857632/comparison-of-2-multimodal-interventions-with-and-without-whole-body-vibration-therapy-plus-traction-on-pain-and-disability-in-patients-with-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain
#6
Gianni F Maddalozzo, Brian Kuo, Walker A Maddalozzo, Conner D Maddalozzo, Johnny W Galver
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to compare the effect of 2 multimodal exercise-based physical therapy interventions (one with and one without whole-body vibration [WBV] therapy plus traction) on pain and disability in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from 2 distinct samples. One sample was from the Focus on Therapeutic Outcomes Inc. (FOTO) group (n = 55, age 55...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847987/the-side-of-chronic-low-back-pain-matters-evidence-from-the-primary-motor-cortex-excitability-and-the-postural-adjustments-of-multifidi-muscles
#7
Hugo Massé-Alarie, Louis-David Beaulieu, Richard Preuss, Cyril Schneider
Hemispheric lateralization of pain processing was reported with overactivation of the right frontal lobe. Specifically in chronic low back pain (CLBP), functional changes in the left primary motor cortex (M1) with impaired anticipatory postural activation (APA) of trunk muscles have been observed. Given the connections between frontal and M1 areas for motor planning, it is hypothesized that the pain side could differently influence M1 function and APA of paravertebral multifidus (MF) muscles. This study aimed at testing whether people with right- versus left-sided CLBP showed different M1 excitability and APA...
November 15, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843650/reliability-and-validity-measurement-of-sagittal-lumbosacral-quiet-standing-posture-with-a-smartphone-application-in-a-mixed-population-of-183-college-students-and-personnel
#8
George A Koumantakis, Maria Nikoloudaki, Sara Thacheth, Kalliroi Zagli, Konstantina Bitrou, Andreas Nigritinos, Leon Botton
Accurate recording of spinal posture with simple and accessible measurement devices in clinical practice may lead to spinal loading optimization in occupations related to prolonged sitting and standing postures. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to establish the level of reliability of sagittal lumbosacral posture in quiet standing and the validity of the method in differentiating between male and female subjects, establishing in parallel a normative database. 183 participants (83 males and 100 females), with no current low back or pelvic pain, were assessed using the "iHandy Level" smartphone application...
2016: Advances in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821941/the-effect-of-abdominal-drawing-in-exercise-and-myofascial-release-on-pain-flexibility-and-balance-of-elderly-females
#9
Seong Hun Yu, Yong Hyeon Sim, Myung Hoon Kim, Ju Hee Bang, Kyung Hyun Son, Jae Woong Kim, Hyun Jin Kim
[Purpose] This study is designed to compare the effects of abdominal drawing-in exercise and myofascial release on pain, flexibility, and balance of elderly females. [Subjects and Methods] Forty elderly females aged 65 or older who had complained of low back pain for three months or longer were selected as the subjects. They were randomly and equally assigned to either an abdominal drawing-in group or a myofascial release group. The subjects conducted exercise three times per week, 40 minutes each time, for eight weeks...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799699/effectiveness-of-the-back-school-program-for-the-performance-of-activities-of-daily-living-in-users-of-a-basic-health-unit-in-porto-alegre-brazil
#10
Patrícia Thurow Bartz, Adriane Vieira, Matias Noll, Cláudia Tarragô Candotti
[Purpose] Primary care is considered the gateway to the Brazilian public health system and is responsible for managing the most prevalent problems in the population. In this study, the effects of Back School on pain, functionality, and the performance of activities of daily living (ADL) in users with chronic musculoskeletal pain were evaluated. [Subjects and Methods] Forty-four users (33 females and 11 males) participated in Back School, with five two-hour theoretical and practical meetings held once a week...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785479/severe-progressive-scoliosis-in-an-adult-female-possibly-secondary-thoracic-surgery-in-childhood-treated-with-scoliosis-specific-schroth-physiotherapy-case-presentation
#11
Andrea Lebel, Victoria Ashley Lebel
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis is a complex three-dimensional (3D) spinal deformity. Acquired scoliosis in early childhood may progress into adulthood and pose an increased risk of health problems and reduction in quality of life. In Canada, patients with scoliosis are not referred for physiotherapeutic scoliosis-specific exercises (PSSE) despite the fact that Schroth physiotherapy, a scoliosis-specific 3D posture training and exercise program, can be effective in reducing pain and improving scoliosis curves, vital capacity, and overall quality of life in scoliosis patients...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785470/monitoring-of-spine-curvatures-and-posture-during-pregnancy-using-surface-topography-case-study-and-suggestion-of-method
#12
Jakub Michoński, Katarzyna Walesiak, Anna Pakuła, Wojciech Glinkowski, Robert Sitnik
BACKGROUND: Low back and pelvic pain is one of the most frequently reported disorders in pregnancy, however etiology and pathology of this problem have not been fully determined. The relationship between back pain experienced during pregnancy and posture remains unclear. It is challenging to measure reliably postural and spinal changes at the time of pregnancy, since most imaging studies cannot be used due to the radiation burden. 3D shape measurement, or surface topography (ST), systems designed for posture evaluation could potentially fill this void...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784817/relationship-between-body-positioning-muscle-activity-and-spinal-kinematics-in-cyclists-with-and-without-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#13
Gabriel M Streisfeld, Caitlin Bartoszek, Emily Creran, Brianna Inge, Marc D McShane, Therese Johnston
CONTEXT: Low back pain is reported by more than half of cyclists. The pathomechanics and association of risk factors of lumbar spine overuse injuries in cycling are not clearly understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether relationships exist between body positioning, spinal kinematics, and muscle activity in active cyclists with nontraumatic low back pain. DATA SOURCES: In August of 2015 and April of 2016, a comprehensive search of the PubMed, CINAHL, Ovid MEDLINE, and Scopus databases was performed independently by 5 reviewers...
October 26, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771534/neural-mechanisms-and-functional-correlates-of-altered-postural-responses-to-perturbed-standing-balance-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#14
Jesse V Jacobs, Carrie L Roy, Juvena R Hitt, Roman E Popov, Sharon M Henry
This study sought to determine the effects of chronic low back pain (LBP) on the cortical evoked potentials, muscle activation, and kinematics of postural responses to perturbations of standing balance. Thirteen subjects with chronic, recurrent, non-specific LBP and 13 subjects without LBP participated. The subjects responded to unpredictably timed postural perturbations while standing on a platform that randomly rotated either "toes up" or "toes down". Electroencephalography (EEG) was used to calculate the negative peak (N1) and subsequent positive peak (P2) amplitudes of the perturbation-evoked cortical potentials...
December 17, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758964/defining-patterns-of-sagittal-standing-posture-in-school-aged-girls-and-boys
#15
Fábio Azevedo Araújo, Milton Severo, Nuno Alegrete, Laura D Howe, Raquel Lucas
BACKGROUND: Sagittal postural patterns are associated with back pain in adolescents and adults. However, it is unknown if postural patterns are already observable during childhood. This would confirm childhood as a key period for posture differentiation and thus for chronic pain etiology. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify and describe postural patterns in school-aged girls and boys. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Eligible children were evaluated at age 7 in the population-based birth cohort Generation XXI, Portugal...
October 6, 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756724/effect-of-swim-training-on-the-physical-characteristics-of-competitive-adolescent-swimmers
#16
Elizabeth E Hibberd, Kevin G Laudner, Kristen L Kucera, David J Berkoff, Bing Yu, Joseph B Myers
BACKGROUND: Subacromial space distance and forward head and shoulder posture are common characteristics resulting from swim training. These alterations can cause abnormal scapular kinematics and positioning, potentially increasing compression of structures in the subacromial space and increasing the risk for the development of swimmer's shoulder. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of the swim training season on subacromial space distance and forward head and forward shoulder posture as well as to determine the relationship between these variables...
November 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756271/kinematic-analysis-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-loading-of-trunk-among-dentists-in-germany
#17
Daniela Ohlendorf, Christina Erbe, Imke Hauck, Jennifer Nowak, Ingo Hermanns, Dirk Ditchen, Rolf Ellegast, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: In Germany, about 86.7 % of the dentists have stated to suffer from pain in the neck and shoulder region. These findings are predominantly based on surveys. Therefore the objective of this study is to conduct a kinematic analysis of occupational posture in dentistry. METHODS: Twenty one dentists (11 f/10 m; age: 40.1 ± 10.4 years) have participated in this examination. The CUELA-System was used to collect kinematic data of the activities on an average dental workday...
October 18, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725482/musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-handicraft-workers-engaged-in-hand-sewing-tasks
#18
Iman Dianat, Mohammad Ali Karimi
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms and associated risk factors among Iranian handicraft workers engaged in different hand sewing tasks. METHODS: Data were collected using questionnaires (including the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire) as well as direct observations of posture (using the Rapid Upper Limb Assessment [RULA] method) from 632 workers including carpet handicraft workers (n=222), textiles handicraft workers (n=209), and leather handicraft workers (n=201) in Tabriz, Iran...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700244/active-self-correction-of-spinal-posture-in-pain-free-women-in-response-to-the-command-straighten-your-back
#19
Katarzyna Barczyk-Pawelec, Sipko Tomasz
Evidence is limited regarding the regional changes in spinal posture after self-correction. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether active self-correction improved standing and sitting spinal posture. Photogrammetry was used to assess regional spinal curvatures and vertical global spine orientation (GSO) in 42 asymptotic women aged 20-24 years. Upper thoracic spine angle and GSO increased in response to self-correction, while the thoracolumbar and lumbosacral angles decreased. Self-correction in the standing position resulted in decreased inclination of the upper thoracic and thoracolumbar spinal angles...
October 4, 2016: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695797/assessing-cow-calf-welfare-part-1-benchmarking-beef-cow-health-and-behavior-handling-and-management-facilities-and-producer-perspectives
#20
G E Simon, B R Hoar, C B Tucker
Assessment programs are one way beef producers communicate information about animal welfare to retailers and the public. Programs that monitor cattle through the production cycle (e.g., the Global Animal Partnership) or at individual stages (e.g., slaughter; the North American Meat Institute) exist, but to date, there is no assessment program addressing welfare specifically in the cow-calf sector. The objectives of this study were to measure cow-calf health and handling welfare outcomes and gather management, facility, and producer perspective information to 1) describe current practices and 2) inform assessment design...
August 2016: Journal of Animal Science
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