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Posture back pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036904/biopsychosocial-measures-related-to-chronic-low-back-pain-postural-control-in-older-adults
#1
Ryan Hulla, Robert J Gatchel, Angela Liegey-Dougall
This study examined the biopsychosocial measures related to postural control in the growing population of older adults (i.e., 60 years and older). The sample of the study consisted of 129 older adults (M = 74.45, SD = 6.95), with 34 males and 95 females; 36 were classified with chronic low-back pain (CLBP), and 93 without chronic low-back pain (NCLBP). Physical and psychosocial constructs were analyzed as predictors for postural control measures. Additionally, gender and classification of low-back pain were examined as moderators for all physical and psychosocial measures...
October 14, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036860/prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-among-south-indian-hand-screen-printing-workers
#2
S Shankar, R Naveen Kumar, P Mohankumar, Srinivasan Jayaraman
BACKGROUND: Hand screen-printing (HSP) plays a predominant role in textile industries in developing countries. Workers from HSP industry were mostly affected by musculoskeletal injury due to monotonous, and prolonged work nature and poor workplace environment. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to investigate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) symptoms and risk factors associated among the HSP industry workers. METHODS: Cochran's sample size for categorical data was used to select 385 HSP workers of 1000 samples from various provinces of Tamil Nadu, INDIA...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031589/implicit-evaluations-and-physiological-threat-responses-in-people-with-persistent-low-back-pain-and-fear-of-bending
#3
J P Caneiro, Peter O'Sullivan, Anne Smith, G Lorimer Moseley, Ottmar V Lipp
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pain and protective behaviour are dependent on implicit evaluations of danger to the body. However, current assessment of perceived danger relies on self-report, on information of which the person is aware and willing to disclose. To overcome this limitation, attempts have been made to investigate implicit evaluation of movement-related threatening images in people with persistent low back pain (PLBP) and pain-related fear. Lack of specificity of the sample and stimuli limited those explorations...
October 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978270/low-back-pain-and-its-association-with-whole-body-vibration-and-manual-material-handling-among-commercial-drivers-in-sabah
#4
Khamisah Awang Lukman, Mohammad Saffree Jeffree, Krishna Gopal Rampal
A cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of low back pain (LBP) and its association with whole body vibration (WBV) and manual material handling (MMH). We studied 110 commercial vehicle drivers. A self-administered questionnaire and the human vibration V1-400Pro (QUEST) monitor were used. The prevalence of LBP was 66.4%. The percentage of drivers who had frequent manual handling of heavy loads was 45.5% and those who handled heavy loads in awkward postures accounted for 86.4%. The daily vibration, A(8) averaged at z axis was 0...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974411/posterior-vertebral-column-resection-through-unilateral-osteotomy-approach-for-old-lumbar-fracture-combined-with-kummell-s-disease-a-case-report
#5
Hui Wang, Wenyuan Ding
BACKGROUND: Kummell's disease is a clinical syndrome characterized by a minor spinal trauma with a symptom-free period from months to years, followed by progressive painful kyphosis. There are many surgical options for Kummell's disease in the previous literature, however, no study mentioning the surgical strategy for patients whose fractured vertebrae was severely compressed and only slice of superior and inferior endplate left. CASE DESCRIPTION: Here we report a 69-year-old woman suffered from persistent severe back pain since she slipped down 1 year before medical consult...
September 30, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968228/efficacy-of-kinesiotape-on-functional-disability-of-women-with-postnatal-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Eman A Mohamed, Fayiz F El-Shamy, Hany Hamed
BACKGROUND: Postpartum low back pain harmfully affects all parts of women's life. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of kinesiotape on women with postnatal backache. METHODS: Thirty participants were randomly allocated to either group (A; n= 15), treated by kinesiotape with exercise program, or the group (B; n= 15), treated by exercise program. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Back Pain Function Scale (BPFS) were evaluated.at baseline and after 2 weeks of intervention...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965475/effects-of-prolonged-microscopic-work-on-neck-and-back-strain-amongst-male-ent-clinicians-and-the-benefits-of-a-prototype-postural-support-chair
#7
Ananth Vijendren, Gavin Devereux, Bruno Kenway, Kathy Duffield, Vincent Van Rompaey, Paul van de Heyning, Matthew Yung
Musculoskeletal pain is a common occupational hazard experienced by surgeons. Otologists are predisposed to neck and back pain due to regular prolonged microscopic work. We conducted a prospective pilot study to investigate the effects of sustained microscopic work on the neck and back, its correlation to surgical experience and to assess the benefits of a prototype postural support chair (PSC) amongst 10 male ear, nose and throat (ENT) clinicians. We used a subjective measure of time to fatigue and pain for the neck and back as well as objective readings from a surface electromyogram (sEMG)...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962911/from-the-international-space-station-to-the-clinic-how-prolonged-unloading-may-disrupt-lumbar-spine-stability
#8
Jeannie F Bailey, Stephanie L Miller, Kristine Khieu, Conor W O'Neill, Robert M Healey, Dezba G Coughlin, Jojo V Sayson, Douglas G Chang, Alan R Hargens, Jeffrey C Lotz
Background context Prolonged microgravity exposure is associated with localized low back pain and an elevated risk of post-flight disc herniation. Though the mechanisms by which microgravity impairs the spine are unclear, they should be foundational for developing in-flight countermeasures for maintaining astronaut spine health. Because human spine anatomy has adapted to upright posture on Earth, observations of how spaceflight affects the spine should also provide new and potentially important information on spine biomechanics that benefit the general population...
September 26, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960653/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-dorsal-root-ganglion-stimulation-as-a-treatment-for-neuropathic-pain-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Conrad Harrison, Sarah Epton, Stana Bojanic, Alexander L Green, James J FitzGerald
OBJECTIVE: Dorsal root ganglion stimulation (DRGS) received its first regulatory approval (CE marking in Europe) in late 2011, and so its use is now almost six years old. Several thousand patients have already been treated, and a landmark trial in lower limb complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) and causalgia has recently been published. METHODS: In this review we have summarized the literature to date on the use of DRGS in the treatment of neuropathic pain. RESULTS: The results so far are encouraging, with reports of successful use in treating a wide range of indications including postsurgical pain, CRPS, and phantom pain...
September 28, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958435/increased-spinal-height-using-propped-slouched-sitting-postures-innovative-ways-to-rehydrate-intervertebral-discs
#10
John L Pape, Jean-Michel Brismée, Phillip S Sizer, Omer C Matthijs, Kevin L Browne, Birendra M Dewan, Stéphane Sobczak
BACKGROUND: Upright and slouched sitting are frequently adopted postures associated with increased intradiscal pressure, spinal height loss and intervertebral disc pathology. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of two sustained propped slouched sitting (PSS) postures on spinal height after a period of trunk loading. METHODS: Thirty-four participants without a history of low back pain (LBP) were recruited (age 24.4 ± 1.6 years). Subjects sat in (1) PSS without lumbar support and (2) PSS with lumbar support for 10 min, after a period of trunk loading...
January 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958420/characterizing-exposure-to-physical-risk-factors-among-reforestation-hand-planters-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#11
Robert F Granzow, Mark C Schall, Mathew F Smidt, Howard Chen, Nathan B Fethke, Rong Huangfu
Low back and neck/shoulder pain are commonly reported among reforestation hand planters. While some studies have documented the intensive cardiovascular demands of hand planting, limited information is available regarding exposures to physical risk factors associated with the development of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among hand planters. This study used surface electromyography (EMG) and inertial measurement units (IMUs) to characterize the muscle activation patterns, upper arm and trunk postures, movement velocities, and physical activity (PA) of fourteen Southeastern reforestation hand planters over one work shift...
January 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951781/habitual-pelvic-posture-and-time-spent-sitting-measurement-test-retest-reliability-for-the-lumoback-device-and-preliminary-evidence-for-slouched-posture-in-individuals-with-low-back-pain
#12
Hiroshi Takasaki
OBJECTIVES: It has been difficult to monitor the pelvic position during actual daily life. However, recent developments in wearable device technologies, such as the LUMOback device, provide the possibility to evaluate habitual pelvic posture and time spent sitting during daily life. The current study aimed (1) to investigate test-retest reliability for habitual pelvic posture and time spent sitting with the LUMOback in individuals with prolonged low back pain (low back pain group) and without low back pain (control group), and (2) to preliminarily investigate differences in those measures between groups...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946570/effects-of-postural-exercises-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-pisa-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#13
Francesco Lena, Ennio Iezzi, Mohammad Etoom, Marco Santilli, Diego Centonze, Calogero Foti, Giovanni Grillea, Nicola Modugno
BACKGROUND: Pisa syndrome (PS) or lateral axial dystonia is often seen in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). It is characterized by a marked and reversible lateral flexion of the trunk (LFT) more than 10°. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a program of postural exercises and assess the effectiveness in term of pattern of muscular hyperactivity. METHODS: A total of 6 patients with PD and PS enrolled in the program of 10 sessions of postural exercise (90 min/session)...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938297/new-advancements-in-spinal-cord-stimulation-for-chronic-pain-management
#14
Jijun Xu, Aijun Liu, Jianguo Cheng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To update the recent development of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) technology in the management of chronic pain. RECENT FINDINGS: Efficacy of SCS therapy has been significantly improved by the recent development of high frequency (HF-10 kHz) stimulation, burst stimulation, and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) stimulation. A few latest SCS modalities are in clinical trial. New approaches to guide lead placement and advances in surgical lead are introduced...
September 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928496/dorsal-scapular-nerve-neuropathy-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#15
Brad Muir
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to elucidate this little known cause of upper back pain through a narrative review of the literature and to discuss the possible role of the dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) in the etiopathology of other similar diagnoses in this area including cervicogenic dorsalgia (CD), notalgia paresthetica (NP), SICK scapula and a posterolateral arm pain pattern. BACKGROUND: Dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) neuropathy has been a rarely thought of differential diagnosis for mid scapular, upper to mid back and costovertebral pain...
August 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917361/immediate-effects-of-pilates-based-therapeutic-exercise-on-postural-control-of-young-individuals-with-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Susana Lopes, Christophe Correia, Gonçalo Félix, Mário Lopes, Ana Cruz, Fernando Ribeiro
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain affects the person's ability to keep balance, especially in challenging conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the immediate effects of Pilates exercises on postural sway and dynamic balance of young individuals with non-specific low back pain. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory design. SETTINGS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Forty-six participants with non-specific low back pain were randomized to a Pilates (n=23, 10 males; age: 21...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915771/low-back-pain-with-impact-at-17-years-of-age-is-predicted-by-early-adolescent-risk-factors-from-multiple-domains-analysis-of-the-western-australian-pregnancy-cohort-raine-study
#17
Anne Smith, Darren Beales, Peter O'Sullivan, Natasha Bear, Leon Straker
Study Design Prospective cohort study of the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. Background Low back pain (LBP) commonly develops in adolescence and is a significant risk factor for adult LBP. A broad range of factors have been associated with the development of adolescent LBP, but prior literature has limitations related to characterization of LBP and the scope of risk factors considered. Objective This study aimed to identify potential factors contributing to the development of LBP, with and without impact, at 17 years of age, utilizing a broad range of exposures at 14 years of age...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904258/prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-sonographers-in-china-results-from-a-national-web-based-survey
#18
Danying Zhang, Hanlin Huang
OBJECTIVES: The aims of present study were to determine the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) among sonographers in China and to provide evidence for appropriate intervention measures to be taken. METHODS: A self-reported questionnaire was used to screen WRMSDs experienced by sonographers during the past 12 months. This questionnaire survey was created and hosted on the WeChat official account platform for sonographers. RESULTS: In the present study, 567 sonographers from 521 medical institutions completed the questionnaire...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898135/understanding-adolescent-low-back-pain-from-a-multidimensional-perspective-implications-for-management
#19
Peter O'Sullivan, Anne Smith, Darren Beales, Leon Straker
Synopsis Low back pain (LBP) is the leading cause of disability worldwide. It often begins in adolescence, setting a course for later in life. We have tracked the course of LBP in the Raine Study cohort from the age of 14 years into early adulthood. Our work has found that LBP is already prevalent in individuals at 14 years of age and increases throughout adolescence and into early adulthood. It is often comorbid with other musculoskeletal pain. For some adolescents, LBP has little impact; for others, its impact includes care seeking, taking medication, taking time off from school and work, as well as modifying physical and functional activity...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888865/changes-in-foot-posture-during-pregnancy-and-their-relation-with-musculoskeletal-pain-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#20
Francisco Javier Vico Pardo, Andres López Del Amo, Manuel Pardo Rios, Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron, Cristina Castro Yuste
AIM: To examine foot posture changes during the three trimesters of pregnancy and to determine whether there is a relationship between these changes and the pain experienced in this period. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 62 pregnant women who attended the Gynaecology Service at Hospital ​Santa María del Puerto (Cádiz, Spain), between January 2013 and May 2014. In their first visit, the following sociodemographic and anthropometric data were recorded: age, weight, height and foot size...
September 6, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
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