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Posture back pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428586/a-dentist-s-life-helping-dentists-prevent-poor-posture-and-back-pain
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425239/an-8-week-thoracic-spine-stabilization-exercise-program-improves-postural-back-pain-spine-alignment-postural-sway-and-core-endurance-in-university-students-a-randomized-controlled-study
#2
Şeyda Toprak Çelenay, Derya Özer Kaya
BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate the effects of an 8-week thoracic stabilization exercise program on back pain, spinal alignment, postural sway, and core endurance in university students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: University students were randomly allocated into exercise (n: 28) and control (n: 25) groups. The exercise program was carried out 3 days a week for 8 weeks. Postural pain, spinal alignment, postural sway, and core endurance were assessed via visual analogue scale, Spinal Mouse, Biodex Balance System, and McGill's trunk muscle endurance tests at the baseline and after 8 weeks of training...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419796/-third-working-conditions-and-health-survey-in-navarre-spain-main-findings
#3
Vega García
OBJECTIVE: To describe health problems and working conditions perceived by workers of Navarra, Spain. METHODS: Conduct of the Third Survey of Working Conditions and Health in Navarre. We administered the Seventh Spanish National Survey of Working Conditions questionnaire by personal interviews conducted in the workers' homes between October 2014 and December 2014, and using a three-stage stratified sampling approach, by economic activity, work establishment size and gender...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409765/effects-of-patient-handling-and-individual-factors-on-the-prevalence-of-low-back-pain-among-nursing-personnel
#4
Seyed Ehsan Samaei, Maryam Mostafaee, Hasanali Jafarpoor, Majid Bagheri Hosseinabadi
BACKGROUND: Patient transfer is one of the main tasks of nursing personnel; it imposes compressive and shear forces on nurses' lower spine. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Low Back Pains (LBPs), risk factors in the incidence of such disorders, and patient transfer risk assessment among nursing personnel. METHODS: This study was carried out on 243 randomly selected nursing personnel who played a role in transferring the patients (58 wards)...
April 12, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409514/neck-strength-and-self-reported-neck-dysfunction-what-is-the-impact-of-a-season-of-rugby-union
#5
Danielle M Salmon, S John Sullivan, Phil Handcock, Nancy J Rehrer, Brian Niven
BACKGROUND: Neck strength has been reported to reduce the incidence of concussions and neck injuries. However little is known about how neck strength changes over a playing season. AIM: To understand the impact a 20-week rugby season has on neck strength, neck pain (NP) and neck stiffness (NS) in a cohort of rugby players, relative to a non-contact control group. METHODS: This prospective cohort study employed a fixed-frame dynamometer to measure neck strength in a simulated contact posture in rugby players (n=32) and controls (n=15)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407504/high-heeled-walking-decreases-lumbar-lordosis
#6
Edeny Baaklini, Michael Angst, Florian Schellenberg, Marina Hitz, Stefan Schmid, Amir Tal, William R Taylor, Silvio Lorenzetti
An estimated 78% of women regularly walk in high heels. However, up to 58% complain about low back pain, which is commonly thought to be caused by increased lumbar lordosis. However, the extent to which a subject's posture is modified by high-heeled shoes during dynamic activities remains unknown. Therefore, we sought to evaluate whether low- or high-heeled shoes influence the kinematics of the pelvis and the spine during walking. Twenty-three inexperienced women, and seventeen women experienced in wearing high-heeled shoes, all aged 20-55 years, were measured barefoot and while wearing low- (4cm) and high-heeled (10cm) shoes during gait at a self-selected speed...
March 31, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405465/effect-of-the-needle-free-intra-dermal-application-of-liquids-vaccination-on-the-welfare-of-pregnant-sows
#7
Déborah Temple, Damián Escribano, Marta Jiménez, Eva Mainau, José J Cerón, Xavier Manteca
BACKGROUND: In commercial pig production, sows are often vaccinated several times per gestation period, resulting in reduced welfare. This preliminary experiment investigated whether the needle-free IDAL vaccinator improves welfare through reduction of stress markers, improvement of behavioural and health parameters compared to traditional needle-syringe method. RESULTS: Two treatments (IDAL and NEEDLE) in 6 replicate pens of gestating sows (15 sows per pen) were evaluated using Porcilis® PRRS...
2017: Porcine Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402232/combined-exposures-of-whole-body-vibration-and-awkward-posture-a-cross-sectional-investigation-among-occupational-drivers-by-means-of-simultaneous-field-measurements
#8
Nastaran Raffler, Jörg Rissler, Rolf Ellegast, Christian Schikowsky, Thomas Kraus, Elke Ochsmann
OBJECTIVE: Multifactorial work loads such as whole-body vibration (WBV), awkward posture and heavy lifting are potential predictors for low back pain (LBP). In this study we investigate the association between LBP and these exposures among 102 professional drivers. METHODS: The combined exposures of WBV and posture are measured at different workplaces. Health and personal data as well as information about lifting tasks are collected by a questionnaire. RESULTS: The daily vibration exposure value (odds ratio 1...
April 12, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402188/effects-of-a-worksite-supervised-adapted-physical-activity-program-on-trunk-muscle-endurance-flexibility-and-pain-sensitivity-among-vineyard-workers
#9
Romain Balaguie, Pascal Madeleine, Kévin Rose-Dulcina, Nicolas Vuillerme
OBJECTIVES: In viticulture, the prevalence of low back pain is particularly high among vineyard workers exposed to sustained and awkward postures. One promising setting for low back pain prevention resides in the implementation of workplace physical activity. METHODS: This non-randomized pilot study aims at evaluating the effects of a worksite supervised adapted physical activity program among seventeen vineyard-workers volunteered to enter either an intervention group (n=10) or a control group (n=7)...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395983/effects-of-holding-an-external-load-on-the-standing-balance-of-older-and-younger-adults-with-and-without-chronic-low-back-pain
#10
Leonardo Shigaki, Edgar Ramos Vieira, André Wilson de Oliveira Gil, Cynthia Gobbi Alves Araújo, Mariana Zingari Carmargo, Leandro Amaral Sturion, Marcio Roǵerio de Oliveira, Rubens A da Silva
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of holding an external load on the standing balance of younger and older adults with and without chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: Twenty participants with and 20 without CLBP participated in the study. Each group contained 10 younger (50% men) and 10 older adults (50% men). Participants were instructed to look straight ahead while standing on a force platform during two 120-second trials with and without holding an external load (10% of body mass)...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395308/evaluation-of-a-training-program-to-reduce-stressful-trunk-postures-in-the-nursing-professions-a-pilot-study
#11
Agnessa Kozak, Sonja Freitag, Albert Nienhaus
Objectives: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate metrologically the effectiveness of a training program on the reduction of stressful trunk postures in geriatric nursing professions. Methods: A training program, consisting of instruction on body postures in nursing, practical ergonomic work methods at the bedside or in the bathroom, reorganization of work equipment, and physical exercises, was conducted in 12 wards of 6 nursing homes in Germany. The Computer-Assisted Recording and Long-Term Analysis of Musculoskeletal Loads (CUELA) measurement system was used to evaluate all movements and trunk postures adopted during work before and 6 months after the training program...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384277/trunk-kinematics-and-low-back-pain-during-pruning-among-vineyard-workers-a-field-study-at-the-chateau-larose-trintaudon
#12
Romain Balaguier, Pascal Madeleine, Kévin Rose-Dulcina, Nicolas Vuillerme
The prevalence of low back disorders is dramatically high in viticulture. Field measurements that objectively quantify work exposure can provide information on the relationship between the adopted trunk postures and low back pain. The purposes of the present study were three-fold (1) to carry out a kinematics analysis of vineyard-workers' pruning activity by extracting the duration of bending and rotation of the trunk, (2) to question separately the relationship between the duration of forward bending or trunk rotation with low back pain intensity and pressure pain sensitivity and (3) to question the relationship between the combined duration of forward bending and trunk rotation on low back pain intensity and pressure pain sensitivity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361275/effects-of-spinal-stabilization-exercises-in-women-with-benign-joint-hypermobility-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Seyda Toprak Celenay, Derya Ozer Kaya
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of an 8-week lumbar spinal stabilization exercise program on pain, trunk muscle endurance, and postural stability in women with benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS). Women with BJHS were randomly allocated into exercise (n = 20) and control (n = 18) groups. The lumbar spinal stabilization exercise program was carried out 3 days a week for 8 weeks. BJHS with Brighton criteria, musculoskeletal pain intensity with Visual Analog Scale, trunk muscle endurance with McGill's trunk muscle endurance tests, and postural stability as static and dynamic while eyes open and closed with Biodex Balance System SD were evaluated...
March 30, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353684/posture-detection-based-on-smart-cushion-for-wheelchair-users
#14
Congcong Ma, Wenfeng Li, Raffaele Gravina, Giancarlo Fortino
The postures of wheelchair users can reveal their sitting habit, mood, and even predict health risks such as pressure ulcers or lower back pain. Mining the hidden information of the postures can reveal their wellness and general health conditions. In this paper, a cushion-based posture recognition system is used to process pressure sensor signals for the detection of user's posture in the wheelchair. The proposed posture detection method is composed of three main steps: data level classification for posture detection, backward selection of sensor configuration, and recognition results compared with previous literature...
March 29, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339334/a-movement-system-impairment-approach-to-evaluation-and-treatment-of-a-person-with-lumbar-radiculopathy-a-case-report
#15
Eileen Miller, Shirley A Sahrmann, Dale Avers
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are several systems of classification and treatment of patients with low back pain (LBP) based on assessment of the effect of lumbar postures and movements on symptoms. The efficacy of one of these systems, The Movement System Impairment (MSI) method, has not yet been demonstrated in the literature. The purpose of this case report is to describe the approach of the MSI method for an individual with lumbar radiculopathy. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 79-year-old woman with a history of chronic LBP was referred to PT with a physician's diagnosis of sciatica...
March 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331906/associations-between-sarcopenia-and-degenerative-lumbar-scoliosis-in-older-women
#16
Yawara Eguchi, Munetaka Suzuki, Hajime Yamanaka, Hiroshi Tamai, Tatsuya Kobayashi, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuyo Yamauchi, Miyako Suzuki, Kazuhide Inage, Kazuki Fujimoto, Hirohito Kanamoto, Koki Abe, Yasuchika Aoki, Tomoaki Toyone, Tomoyuki Ozawa, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Seiji Ohtori
BACKGROUND: Age-related sarcopenia can cause various forms of physical disabilities. We investigated how sarcopenia affects degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS) and lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSCS). METHODS: Subjects comprised 40 elderly women (mean age 74 years) with spinal disease whose chief complaints were low back pain and lower limb pain. They included 15 cases of DLS (mean 74.8 years) and 25 cases of LSCS (mean age 72.9 years). We performed whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to analyze body composition, including appendicular and trunk skeletal muscle mass index (SMI; lean mass (kg)/height (m)(2)) and bone mineral density (BMD)...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319133/effects-of-sudden-walking-perturbations-on-neuromuscular-reflex-activity-and-three-dimensional-motion-of-the-trunk-in-healthy-controls-and-back-pain-symptomatic-subjects
#17
Juliane Mueller, Tilman Engel, Steffen Mueller, Josefine Stoll, Heiner Baur, Frank Mayer
BACKGROUND: Back pain patients (BPP) show delayed muscle onset, increased co-contractions, and variability as response to quasi-static sudden trunk loading in comparison to healthy controls (H). However, it is unclear whether these results can validly be transferred to suddenly applied walking perturbations, an automated but more functional and complex movement pattern. There is an evident need to develop research-based strategies for the rehabilitation of back pain. Therefore, the investigation of differences in trunk stability between H and BPP in functional movements is of primary interest in order to define suitable intervention regimes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315016/biomechanics-of-the-osteoporotic-spine-pain-and-principles-of-training
#18
Guido Schröder, Andreas Knauerhase, Holger S Willenberg, Guenther Kundt, Detlef Wendig, Hans-Christof Schober
INTRODUCTION: A fracture is a clinical manifestation of osteoporosis and is one of the main causes of functional limitations and chronic pain in patients with osteoporosis. Muscle and coordination training are recommended to the patients as general measures. We inquired whether sling training is better than traditional physiotherapy in relieving pain and improving abilities of daily living. METHODS: Fifty patients with osteoporosis were divided into two groups. Group A performed conventional physiotherapy, while Group B performed sling training exercises...
May 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282992/people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-have-poorer-balance-than-controls-in-challenging-tasks
#19
Rubens A da Silva, Edgar R Vieira, Karen B P Fernandes, Rodrigo A Andraus, Marcio R Oliveira, Leandro A Sturion, Mariane G Calderon
PURPOSE: To compare the balance of individuals with and without chronic low back pain during five tasks. METHOD: The participants were 20 volunteers, 10 with and 10 without nonspecific chronic low back pain, mean age 34 years, 50% females. The participants completed the following balance tasks on a force platform in random order: (1) two-legged stance with eyes open, (2) two-legged stance with eyes closed, (3) semi-tandem with eyes open, (4) semi-tandem with eyes closed and (5) one-legged stance with eyes open...
March 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269810/comparison-of-trunk-electromyographic-muscle-activity-depends-on-sitting-postures
#20
DongGeon Lee, SeoJeong Yu, SunHae Song, Se-Han Lee, SeungHeon An, Hwi-Young Cho, Ki-Hun Cho, GyuChang Lee
BACKGROUND: Different postural positions can be characterized by the activation and relative contributions of different postural muscles, and may variously contribute to the recovery from or worsening of chronic lower back pain. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigates trunk muscle activities in four types of seated postures: cross-legged, long, side, and W-shaped. METHODS: Eight healthy adults participated in the study. Trunk muscle activities of the external oblique (EO), rectus abdominis (RA), latissimus dorsi (LD), and erector spinae (ES) muscles in each of the sitting postures including cross-legged, long, side, and W-shaped were collected utilizing surface electromyography (sEMG)...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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