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Posture back pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173931/the-immediate-effects-of-exercise-using-the-functional-re-adaptive-exercise-device-on-lumbopelvic-kinematics-in-people-with-and-without-low-back-pain
#1
A Winnard, D Debuse, M Wilkinson, R Tahmosybayat, N Caplan
BACKGROUND: Dysfunction of the lumbar multifidus (LM) and transversus abdominis (TrA) muscles is associated with low back pain (LBP). The Functional Re-adaptive Exercise Device (FRED) has shown potential as a non-specific LBP intervention by automatically recruiting LM and TrA. Loss or lordosis and altered lumbopelvic positioning has also been linked to LBP and is often trained within LM and TrA interventions. The effect that FRED exercise has on lumbopelvic positioning and lumbar lordosis is unknown...
January 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160750/repetitive-peripheral-magnetic-neurostimulation-of-multifidus-muscles-combined-with-motor-training-influences-spine-motor-control-and-chronic-low-back-pain
#2
Hugo Massé-Alarie, Louis-David Beaulieu, Richard Preuss, Cyril Schneider
OBJECTIVE: The study tested whether combining repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (RPMS) and motor training of the superficial multifidus muscle (MF) better improved the corticomotor control of spine than training alone in chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: Twenty-one participants with CLBP were randomly allocated to [RPMS+training] and [Sham+training] groups for three sessions (S1-S3) over a week where MF was stimulated before training (volitional contraction)...
December 28, 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154973/progression-of-postural-changes-in-parkinson-s-disease-quantitative-assessment
#3
Alexander Khlebtovsky, Ruth Djaldetti, Yaniv Rodity, Ofir Keret, Gloria Tsvetov, Ilana Slutzcki-Shraga, Felix Benninger
Previous studies of posture in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients focused on the pathophysiology of severe deformities, using mainly subjective estimations or goniometric measures. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors associated with flexed posture in PD and their effects on the course of posture variations. One hundred-ninety patients with definite PD were prospectively evaluated for angles of spinal inclination in upright position, extension, and flexion using a mechanical computer-assisted, hand-held device (SpinalMouse)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150180/pelvic-posture-and-kinematics-in-femoroacetabular-impingement-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Luca Pierannunzii
BACKGROUND: Pelvic posture and kinematics influence acetabular orientation and are therefore expected to be involved in the pathomechanics of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). This systematic review aims to determine whether FAI patients show pelvic postures or patterns of motion contributing to impingement or, conversely, develop compensatory postures and patterns of motion preventing it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Google Scholar and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched to find all the studies that measured pelvic positional and/or kinematic data in humans (patients or cadaveric specimens) affected by FAI...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132971/effects-of-a-wearable-type-lumbosacral-support-for-low-back-pain-among-hospital-workers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Yutaka Yabe, Hiroyuki Yamada, Takashi Watanabe, Kenji Kanazawa, Masashi Koide, Takuya Sekiguchi, Hirokazu Hatano, Eiji Itoi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of a new wearable type of lumbosacral support on low back pain. METHODS: A total of 121 healthcare workers participated in this study. They were randomly allocated into the experimental and control groups and the former wore the support with signals of compression on the back by poor posture for the first 3 months. The control group remained on a waiting list for the first 3 months. Medical history, musculoskeletal symptoms, feeling in good posture, sleep habits, psychological distress, Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, and Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SSAS) were evaluated...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103470/gender-differences-in-asymmetrical-limb-support-patterns-between-subjects-with-and-without-recurrent-low-back-pain
#6
Paul S Sung, J Tim Zipple, Pamela Danial
New insight regarding limb-dominance effects on temporal-spatial gait parameters is needed to further investigate subjects with recurrent low back pain (LBP). Although an asymmetrical gait pattern was found to reflect natural functional differences, there is a lack of information regarding gender differences on dominant limb support patterns in subjects with LBP. The purpose of this study was to investigate temporal-spatial gait parameters based on limb dominance and gender between subjects with and without LBP...
January 16, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096901/exploring-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-the-podiatry-profession-an-international-cross-sectional-study
#7
Cylie M Williams, Stefania Penkala, Peter Smith, Terry Haines, Kelly-Ann Bowles
BACKGROUND: Workplace injury is an international costly burden. Health care workers are an essential component to managing musculoskeletal disorders, however in doing this, they may increase their own susceptibility. While there is substantial evidence about work-related musculoskeletal disorders across the health workforce, understanding risk factors in specific occupational groups, such as podiatry, is limited. The primary aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and intensity of work related low back pain in podiatrists...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096027/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-primary-health-care-nurses
#8
Tânia Ribeiro, Florentino Serranheira, Helena Loureiro
BACKGROUND: Work related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) constitute a serious occupational health problem among registered nurses (RN) all around the world. Its prevalence is mainly associated with nurses' high physical demands that still remain poorly studied in primary health care (PHC). PURPOSE: To describe nurses' self-reported symptoms of WRMSDs (mainly discomfort and pain) in PHC, featuring the main work tasks that may have risk factors for its development...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088887/-improvement-of-lumbal-motor-control-and-trunkmuscle-conditions-with-a-novel-low-back-pain-prevention-exercise-program
#9
Viktória Kovácsné Bobály, Brigitta Szilágyi, Alexandra Makai, Ákos Koller, Melinda Járomi
INTRODUCTION: Ballet dancers often suffer from low back pain. AIM: Low back pain can be reduced by strengthening the core muscles with the help of a special exercise program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the study 62 ballet dancer women (average age: 14.89 ± 1.21 years) were included. Intervention group: n = 30 participant, average age: 14.86 ± 1.00 years, control group: n = 32 participant, average age: 14.91 ± 1.37 years. We examined the pain intensity that occurs during training with visual analog scale, the habitual posture with photogrammetry, the abdominal muscle strength with Kraus-Weber test, the static muscle strength of the trunk muscles with core test and the lumbar motor control with leg lowering test...
January 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073798/effectiveness-of-a-lumbopelvic-monitor-and-feedback-device-to-change-postural-behaviour-a-protocol-for-the-elf-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Daniel Cury Ribeiro, Stephan Milosavljevic, J Haxby Abbott
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain (LBP) is the most common, costly and disabling musculoskeletal disorder worldwide, and is prevalent in healthcare workers. Posture is a modifiable risk factor for LBP shown to reduce the prevalence of LBP. Our feasibility research suggests that postural feedback might help healthcare workers avoid hazardous postures. The Effectiveness of Lumbopelvic Feedback (ELF) trial will investigate the extent to which postural monitor and feedback (PMF) can reduce exposure to hazardous posture associated with LBP...
January 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068962/correlation-between-lumbar-dysfunction-and-fat-infiltration-in-lumbar-multifidus-muscles-in-patients-with-low-back-pain
#11
Markus Hildebrandt, Gabriela Fankhauser, André Meichtry, Hannu Luomajoki
BACKGROUND: Lumbar multifidus muscles (LMM) are important for spinal motion and stability. Low back pain (LBP) is often associated with fat infiltration in LMM. An increasing fat infiltration of LMM may lead to lumbar dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there is a correlation between the severity of lumbar dysfunction and the severity of fat infiltration of LMM. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 42 patients with acute or chronic LBP were recruited...
January 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057591/surgical-management-of-spontaneous-spinal-cerebrospinal-fluid-epidural-fistula
#12
Declan G Siedler, Imogen M Ibbett, Nova B Thani
BACKGROUND: Intracranial hypotension secondary to spontaneous spinal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula is a rare condition which can have serious sequelae. Early diagnosis and treatment can be challenging. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a case of a 17-year-old man who presented with a history of sudden onset, postural headaches, associated with upper thoracic back pain. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) demonstrated a thoracic extradural fluid collection and slumping of the brain within the posterior fossa...
January 2, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055084/forward-head-posture-and-activation-of-rectus-capitis-posterior-muscles
#13
Richard C Hallgren, Steven J Pierce, Dhruv B Sharma, Jacob J Rowan
CONTEXT: Rectus capitis posterior (RCP) muscles have physical attachments to the pain-sensitive spinal dura. Atrophy of these muscles is associated with chronic headache in some patients. The authors suspect that the significance of atrophy in the RCP muscles has been undervalued because the functional role of these muscles is not well defined. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a statistically significant change in normalized levels of electromyographic activity in RCP muscles occurs when the head is voluntarily moved from a self-selected neutral head position to a protruded head position...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052435/lumbar-spine-postures-in-marines-during-simulated-operational-positions
#14
David B Berry, Ana E Rodríguez-Soto, Jeannie Su, Sara P Gombatto, Bahar Shahidi, Laura Palombo, Christine Chung, Andrew Jensen, Karen R Kelly, Samuel R Ward
Low back pain has a 70% higher prevalence in members of the armed forces than in the general population, possibly due to the loads and positions soldiers experience during training and combat. Although the influence of heavy load carriage on standing lumbar spine posture in this population is known, postures in other operationally relevant positions are unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to characterize the effect of simulated military operational positions under relevant loading conditions on global and local lumbar spine postures in active duty male US Marines...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042448/statistical-analysis-of-the-frequency-distribution-of-signs-and-symptoms-of-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders
#15
R Franco, M Basili, A Venditti, C Chiaramonte, L Ottria, A Barlattani, P Bollero
The purpose of this text is to evaluate the distribution by sex and age of TMD patients and the frequency of pain on palpation of the lateral pterygoid muscle, pterygoid internal, sternocleidomastoid, masseter, temporal. The purpose is also to assess the existence of direct correlations between the articulating click and lateral deviation, the headache and tenderness of the temporal, the back pain and tenderness of the sternocleidomastoid, the postural disorders and difficulty finding the exact mating closing, the disorders related to previous dental procedures (large conservative reconstructions, rehabilitations fixed dentures and dental extractions) and tenderness to the temporal and masseter...
October 2016: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964875/characteristics-of-spinopelvic-alignment-in-parkinson-s-disease-comparison-with-adult-spinal-deformity
#16
Kei Watanabe, Toru Hirano, Keiichi Katsumi, Masayuki Ohashi, Hirokazu Shoji, Kazuhiro Hasegawa, Akiyoshi Yamazaki, Atsushi Ishikawa, Ryoko Koike, Naoto Endo, Masatoyo Nishizawa, Takayoshi Shimohata
PURPOSE: The characteristics and pathogenesis of spinopelvic alignment in Parkinsons's disease (PD) patients-including differences compared to non-PD subjects and their relationships with the severity of PD-have not been clarified. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of spinopelvic alignment in patients with PD. METHODS: Forty-eight PD patients complaining of chronic low back pain were included (PD group). The PD condition, determined using the Hoehn and Yahr (H&Y) stage and Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) score; radiographic spinopelvic alignment; lumbar range of motion (ROM); and low back pain-related quality of life assessments were evaluated...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942123/the-effects-on-postural-control-and-low-back-pain-according-to-the-types-of-orthoses-in-chronic-low-back-pain-patients
#17
Jeong-Il Kang, Hye-Min Kwon, Dae-Keun Jeong, Hyun Choi, Young-Jun Moon, Jun-Su Park
[Purpose] This study investigated how types of lumbosacral orthoses applied to patients with chronic lumbar pain affect postural control and low back pain. [Subjects and Methods] Ten subjects were randomly selected and allocated to each a group wearing soft lumbosacral orthoses and a group wearing rigid lumbosacral orthoses. They wore the lumbosacral orthoses for 4 weeks. Pain index and postural control were measured on the first day of wearing lumbosacral orthoses and 4 weeks later. Pain index was evaluated using a visual analogue scale, and postural control was measured using a Balance measurement system...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923482/reproducibility-of-a-new-signal-processing-technique-to-assess-joint-sway-during-standing
#18
Fabian Marcel Rast, Judith Verena Graser, André Meichtry, Markus Josef Ernst, Christoph Michael Bauer
Postural control strategies can be investigated by kinematic analysis of joint movements. However, current research is focussing mainly on the analysis of centre of pressure excursion and lacks consensus on how to assess joint movement during postural control tasks. This study introduces a new signal processing technique to comprehensively quantify joint sway during standing and evaluates its reproducibility. Fifteen patients with non-specific low back pain and ten asymptomatic participants performed three repetitions of a 60-second standing task on foam surface...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913929/-inpatient-multimodal-pain-therapy-additive-value-of-neuromuscular-core-stability-exercises-for-chronic-back-pain
#19
F Giesche, H Streicher, M Maiwald, P Wagner
INTRODUCTION: The medical and healthcare economic burden caused by chronic lumbar back pain (CLBP) requires the use of interdisciplinary treatment approaches. The present study aimed to evaluate whether the effectiveness of inpatient multimodal pain therapy (MPT, operations and procedures (OPS) coding 8-918.02), can be increased by implementing additional neuromuscular core stability exercises (NCSE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: As part of a prospective controlled study, subjects with CLBP (n = 48, 17 males, 58...
December 2, 2016: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900198/do-rocker-sole-shoes-influence-postural-stability-in-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomised-trial
#20
C Sian MacRae, Duncan Critchley, Matthew Morrissey, Adam Shortland, Jeremy S Lewis
BACKGROUND: People with chronic low back pain (CLBP) demonstrate greater postural instability compared with asymptomatic individuals. Rocker-sole shoes are inherently unstable and may serve as an effective balance training device. This study hypothesised that wearing rocker-sole shoes would result in long-term improvement in barefoot postural stability in people with CLBP. METHODS: 20 participants with CLBP were randomised to wear rocker-sole or flat-sole shoes for a minimum of 2 hours each day...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
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