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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912885/maternal-pre-pregnancy-overweight-obesity-and-gestational-diabetes-interaction-on-delayed-breastfeeding-initiation
#1
Tanara Vogel Pinheiro, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani
BACKGROUND: Cumulative evidence indicates an association between maternal overweight and gestational diabetes with delayed breastfeeding initiation; however, the presence of both conditions simultaneously has been little explored. This study aims to investigate the interaction between maternal overweight/obesity and gestational diabetes on breastfeeding initiation. METHODS: This study comprises data from the IVAPSA Birth Cohort, a prospective follow-up of mothers and their newborns...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912590/full-breastfeeding-and-obesity-in-children-a-prospective-study-from-birth-to-6-years
#2
Juan Antonio Ortega-García, Nicole Kloosterman, Lizbeth Alvarez, Esther Tobarra-Sánchez, Alberto Cárceles-Álvarez, Rebeca Pastor-Valero, Fernando Antonio López-Hernández, Manuel Sánchez-Solis, Luz Claudio
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major public health crisis among both children and adults and contributes to significant physical, psychological, and economic burden. We aim to investigate the effect of duration of breastfeeding on excessive weight and obesity at 6 years of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data on breastfeeding and child anthropometric measurements were collected in a birth-cohort study in Murcia, Spain (n = 350). Breastfeeding status and body mass index (BMI) were established according to WHO definitions...
June 18, 2018: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909515/influence-of-biliopancreatic-diversion-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-comparison-to-other-bariatric-surgery-procedures
#3
S De Carolis, A Botta, Gelsomina Del Sordo, R Guerrisi, S Salvi, M P De Carolis, A Iaconelli, P Giustacchini, M Raffaelli, A Lanzone
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy after bariatric surgery (BS) has an increased risk for small-for-gestational-age infants (SGA), shorter length of gestation, and probably perinatal mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate if biliopancreatic diversion could impair pregnancy outcomes in comparison to other bariatric surgery procedures. METHODS: We conducted a cohort retrospective single-center study in 65 women before and after BS. Thirty-one pregnancies occurred before BS, while 109 after BS, amongst which n = 51 after biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) and n = 58 after non-malabsorptive procedures...
June 16, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907852/predictors-of-anemia-and-iron-status-at-birth-in-neonates-born-to-women-carrying-multiple-fetuses
#4
Yuan Ru, Eva K Pressman, Ronnie Guillet, Philip J Katzman, Stephen J Bacak, Kimberly O O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Iron (Fe) status of neonates born to women carrying multiple fetuses might be compromised as a consequence of the high prevalence of maternal Fe deficiency and anemia coupled with an increased risk of preterm birth. This study aimed to characterize and identify determinants of anemia in this neonatal population. METHODS: Umbilical cord blood obtained from 183 neonates was utilized to assess hemoglobin (Hb), ferritin (SF), soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), hepcidin, serum Fe, erythropoietin, folate, vitamin B-12, C-reactive protein, and interleukin-6...
June 15, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907450/altered-maternal-and-placental-lipid-metabolism-and-fetal-fat-development-in-obesity-current-knowledge-and-advances-in-non-invasive-assessment
#5
Flavien Delhaes, Stephanie A Giza, Tianna Koreman, Genevieve Eastabrook, Charles A McKenzie, Samantha Bedell, Timothy R H Regnault, Barbra de Vrijer
Abnormal maternal lipid profiles, a hallmark of increased maternal adiposity, are associated with pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes, and offspring long-term metabolic health is impacted as the consequence of altered fetal growth, physiology and often iatrogenic prematurity. The metabolic changes associated with maternal obesity and/or the consumption of a high-fat diet effecting maternal lipid profiles and metabolism have also been documented to specifically affect placental function and may underlie changes in fetal development and life course disease risk...
May 26, 2018: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907426/maternal-obesity-as-a-risk-factor-for-the-development-of-total-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection-in-their-offspring
#6
Evelyn G Alvarado-Terrones, Maryangel Perea-Cabrera, Miguel Klünder-Klünder, Begoña Segura-Stanford, Julio R Erdmenger-Orellana, Arturo Lopez-Yañez Blanco, Elizabeth Hernández-Carbajal, Javier T Granados Riverón, Leonardo J Mejía-Marín, Norma A Balderrabano-Saucedo, Alejandra Contreras-Ramos, Guadalupe Díaz-Rosas, Rocío Sánchez-Urbina
The incidence of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) in the Caucasian population is 2.5/100,000 live births (LB), and the incidence in the Hispanic population is 19.8/100,000 LB. Without knowing the exact etiology for the development of congenital heart disease, our objective was to determine the maternal factors associated with the development of TAPVC. METHODS: 55 mother-child binomials with isolated TAPVC (group I) and 152 healthy mother-child binomials (group II) were included...
June 12, 2018: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907146/are-women-with-history-of-pre-eclampsia-starting-a-new-pregnancy-in-good-nutritional-status-in-south-africa-and-zimbabwe
#7
Gabriela Cormick, Ana Pilar Betrán, Janetta Harbron, Tina Dannemann Purnat, Catherine Parker, David Hall, Armando H Seuc, James M Roberts, José M Belizán, G Justus Hofmeyr
BACKGROUND: Maternal nutritional status before and during pregnancy is an important contributor to pregnancy outcomes and early child health. The aim of this study was to describe the preconceptional nutritional status and dietary intake during pregnancy in high-risk women from South Africa and Zimbabwe. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study, nested to the CAP trial. Anthropometric measurements before and during pregnancy and dietary intake using 24-h recall during pregnancy were assessed...
June 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902446/a-conceptual-framework-for-the-impact-of-obesity-on-risk-of-cesarean-delivery
#8
Anna Joy G Rogers, Lorie M Harper, Giancarlo Mari
Cesarean deliveries accounted for 32.2% of nearly 4 million births in the United States in 2014. Obesity affects a third of reproductive age women and is associated with worse cesarean delivery outcomes. Studies have shown that increasing maternal body mass index correlates linearly with cesarean delivery rates, but little is known about the potential mediating and moderating mechanisms. Thus, a conceptual framework for understanding how obesity correlates with risk of cesarean delivery is crucial to determining safe ways to reduce the cesarean delivery rate among obese gravidas...
June 11, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902162/youth-risk-behavior-surveillance-united-states-2017
#9
Laura Kann, Tim McManus, William A Harris, Shari L Shanklin, Katherine H Flint, Barbara Queen, Richard Lowry, David Chyen, Lisa Whittle, Jemekia Thornton, Connie Lim, Denise Bradford, Yoshimi Yamakawa, Michelle Leon, Nancy Brener, Kathleen A Ethier
PROBLEM: Health-risk behaviors contribute to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among youth and adults in the United States. In addition, significant health disparities exist among demographic subgroups of youth defined by sex, race/ethnicity, and grade in school and between sexual minority and nonsexual minority youth. Population-based data on the most important health-related behaviors at the national, state, and local levels can be used to help monitor the effectiveness of public health interventions designed to protect and promote the health of youth at the national, state, and local levels...
June 15, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901782/bariatric-surgery-does-not-appear-to-affect-women-s-breast-milk-composition
#10
Goele Jans, Roland Devlieger, Vicky De Preter, Lieveke Ameye, Kristien Roelens, Matthias Lannoo, Bart Van der Schueren, Johan Verhaeghe, Christophe Matthys
Background: The breast-milk composition in the first 6 wk postpartum of women who have undergone bariatric surgery (BS) is unknown. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine 1) the breast-milk macronutrient and vitamin A composition in women who had and who had not undergone BS and 2) the impact of maternal diet on the breast-milk composition. We hypothesized that the milk of women who had undergone BS would be less energy dense and have a lower vitamin A concentration than that of other women...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896923/prenatal-exposures-and-birth-indices-and-subsequent-risk-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-national-registry-based-cohort-study
#11
H Valgeirsdottir, E Vanky, I Sundström-Poromaa, N Roos, T S Løvvik, O Stephansson, A-K Wikström
OBJECTIVE: To study the associations between prenatal exposures and risk of developing polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN: National registry-based cohort study. SETTING: Sweden. POPULATION: Girls born in Sweden during the years 1982-1995 (n = 681 123). METHODS: The girls were followed until the year 2010 for a diagnosis of PCOS. We estimated the associations between maternal body mass index (BMI), smoking, and size at birth with the risk of developing a PCOS diagnosis...
June 12, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895995/importance-of-adopting-bmi-classifications-using-public-health-action-points-to-delineate-obstetric-risk-factors-resulting-in-worsening-obstetric-outcomes-among-asian-population
#12
Muniswaran Ganeshan, Mohamad Adam Bujang, Shahrul Aiman Soelar, Shamala Devi Karalasingam, Harris Suharjono, Ravichandran Jeganathan
Aims: The aim of this study is to compare obstetric outcomes between overweight and class 1 obesity among pregnant women in their first pregnancy based on WHO's BMI cut-offs and the potential public health action points identified by WHO expert consultations specific for high-risk population such as Asians. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort review of data obtained from the Malaysian National Obstetrics and Gynaecology Registry between the year 2010 and year 2012...
June 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895848/vitamin-a-and-micronutrient-deficiencies-post-bariatric-surgery-aetiology-complications-and-management-in-a-complex-multiparous-pregnancy
#13
Fiona L Mackie, Nicola S Cooper, Louise J Whitticase, Amanda Smith, William L Martin, Sheldon C Cooper
Adequate vitamin A is essential for healthy pregnancy, but high levels may be teratogenic. We present a patient who underwent bariatric surgery, prior to child bearing, and suffered maternal and foetal complications during eleven pregnancies, possibly associated with vitamin A deficiency, amongst multiple micronutrient deficiencies and risk factors including smoking and obesity. Maternal complications included visual disturbance, night blindness and recurrent infections. Recurrent foetal pulmonary hypoplasia and microphthalmia led to foetal and neonatal loss, not previously described in the medical literature...
June 12, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895806/maternal-serum-and-breast-milk-adiponectin-the-association-with-infant-adiposity-development
#14
Marhazlina Mohamad, See Ling Loy, Poh Ying Lim, Yu Wang, Kah Leng Soo, Hamid Jan Jan Mohamed
The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing at an alarming rate in Malaysia. Metabolic changes during pregnancy are critical to the development of infant adiposity, due to imbalanced adipokines production. Hence, we aimed to investigate the association of maternal serum and breast milk adipokines with infant adiposity development. The study was conducted from April 2010 until December 2012. A total of 155 healthy pregnant mothers aged 19 to 40 years were recruited during the first and second trimester in Kelantan, Malaysia...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893794/prenatal-exposure-to-antibiotics-and-risk-of-childhood-obesity-in-a-multi-center-cohort-study
#15
Bin Wang, Jihong Liu, Yongjun Zhang, Chonghuai Yan, Hui Wang, Fan Jiang, Fei Li, Jun Zhang
Mounting evidence has linked postnatal antibiotic use with body mass index (BMI) in children, but the influence of prenatal antibiotic use on offspring obesity risk remains unclear. We aimed to assess the association between fetal exposure to antibiotics and obesity at ages 4 and 7 years among 43,332 children using a multi-center prospective cohort of the U.S. Collaborative Perinatal Project (1959-1976). Antibiotic use was ascertained for mothers during pregnancy. Modified Poisson regression models were used to estimate risk ratios (RRs) of obesity (BMI > 95th percentile) and linear mixed models were applied to assess the association with BMI Z-score...
June 11, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893663/associations-between-obesity-candidate-gene-polymorphisms-fat-mass-and-obesity-associated-fto-melanocortin-4-receptor-mc4r-leptin-lep-and-leptin-receptor-lepr-and-dietary-intake-in-pregnant-women
#16
Maisa C Martins, Janet Trujillo, Ana Amélia Freitas-Vilela, Dayana R Farias, Eliane L Rosado, Cláudio J Struchiner, Gilberto Kac
Genetic variants associated with dietary intake may be important as factors underlying the development of obesity. We investigated the associations between the obesity candidate genes (fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO), melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R), leptin (LEP) and leptin receptor) and total energy intake and percentage of energy from macronutrients and ultra-processed foods before and during pregnancy. A sample of 149 pregnant women was followed up in a prospective cohort in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A FFQ was administered at 5-13 and 30-36 weeks of gestation...
June 12, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892993/pre-pregnancy-weight-loss-in-women-with-obesity-requesting-removal-of-their-intra-uterine-contraceptive-device-in-order-to-conceive-a-pilot-study-of-full-meal-replacement
#17
L Brackenridge, N Finer, R L Batterham, K Pedram, T Ding, J Stephenson, J Barry, P Hardiman
Obesity during pregnancy is associated with increased risks of thromboembolism, gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia, miscarriage, congenital anomaly, macrosomia and stillbirth. The current practice, directed at reducing gestational weight gain, is largely ineffective. The present pilot study was designed to assess the acceptability of a 24-week intensive weight management programme (IWMP; full meal replacement followed by partial meal replacement and weight stabilization) to achieve weight loss for women with obesity requesting removal of their intra-uterine contraceptive device in order to conceive...
June 11, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892775/effects-of-socio-economic-demographic-and-lifestyle-variables-on-overweight-and-obesity-among-rural-rajbanshi-post-menopausal-women-of-india
#18
Isita Sinha, Nitish Mondal, Jaydip Sen
Overweight and obesity are one of the most neglected public health problems in both developed and developing countries. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among post-menopausal women are increasing at a rapid pace. The present study aims to assess effects of socio-economic, demographic and lifestyle variables on prevalence of overweight and obesity among post-menopausal rural women belonging to an ethnic population of eastern India. This study has been carried out among 510 Rajbanshi women aged between 45-56 years and residing in the district of Darjeeling, West Bengal...
June 11, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892570/management-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-adults-a-pharmacist-s-perspective
#19
REVIEW
Brett MacFarlane
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common gastrointestinal diagnosis, a leading reason for endoscopy and cause of potentially serious complications, resulting in significant individual and system-wide health burden. Approximately one quarter of people living in western countries have experienced GERD, and the prevalence appears to be on the rise. Risk factors for GERD include hiatus hernia, obesity, high-fat diet, tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, pregnancy, genetics, and some medications. The cardinal symptoms of GERD are troublesome heartburn and regurgitation...
2018: Integrated Pharmacy Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889259/targeting-the-postpartum-period-to-promote-weight-loss-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Jodie M Dodd, Andrea R Deussen, Cecelia M O'Brien, Danielle A J M Schoenaker, Amanda Poprzeczny, Adrienne Gordon, Suzanne Phelan
Context: Many international clinical guidelines recommend that overweight and obese women lose weight prior to pregnancy to reduce the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Women who have recently given birth and plan future pregnancies are an important target population for preconception weight-loss interventions. Objective: A systematic review to evaluate postpartum dietary and/or physical activity interventions to promote weight loss and improve health in a subsequent pregnancy was conducted...
June 7, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
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