keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

obesity and pregnancy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230623/depression-and-anxiety-lack-of-associations-with-an-inadequate-diet-in-a-sample-of-pregnant-women-with-a-history-of-bariatric-surgery-a-multicenter-prospective-controlled-cohort-study
#1
Goele Jans, Christophe Matthys, Annick Bogaerts, Lieveke Ameye, Frank Delaere, Kristien Roelens, Anne Loccufier, Hilde Logghe, Ben De Becker, Johan Verhaeghe, Roland Devlieger
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression levels are higher in obese compared to those in normal weight pregnant women. The aims of this study are to examine anxiety and depression in pregnancy following bariatric surgery and to compare with obese pregnant controls considering the dietary intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), folate, and vitamin B12. METHODS: Anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) and depression (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale) were examined in the first (T1) and third (T3) pregnancy trimester in 54 women with bariatric surgery and 25 obese...
December 12, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230355/relationships-between-consumption-of-ultra-processed-foods-gestational-weight-gain-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-a-sample-of-us-pregnant-women
#2
Karthik W Rohatgi, Rachel A Tinius, W Todd Cade, Euridice Martínez Steele, Alison G Cahill, Diana C Parra
Background: An increasingly large share of diet comes from ultra-processed foods (UPFs), which are assemblages of food substances designed to create durable, convenient and palatable ready-to-eat products. There is increasing evidence that high UPF consumption is indicative of poor diet and is associated with obesity and metabolic disorders. This study sought to examine the relationship between percent of energy intake from ultra-processed foods (PEI-UPF) during pregnancy and maternal gestational weight gain, maternal lipids and glycemia, and neonatal body composition...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227690/effect-of-the-induction-of-transgenerational-obesity-on-maternal-fetal-parameters
#3
Thaigra Sousa Soares, Ana Paula Andreolla, Carolina Abreu Miranda, Eduardo Klöppel, Luhara Silva Rodrigues, Rafaianne Queiroz Moraes-Souza, Débora Cristina Damasceno, Gustavo Tadeu Volpato, Kleber Eduardo Campos
Maternal obesity can cause complications for both women and their offspring for generations. Therefore, we intended to verify the repercussions of induction of transgenerational obesity on biochemical parameters, reproductive performance, and congenital anomaly frequency in Wistar rats. Female rats were used from successive generations. The female rats of parental generation (F0, n=10) were mated to obtain their offspring (F1 generation). F1 female rats received a monosodium glutamate (MSG) solution to induce obesity (n=07) or vehicle (control, n=06) during the neonatal period...
December 11, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225195/strengthening-integration-of-clinical-and-public-health-systems-to-prevent-maternal-child-obesity-in-the-first-1-000days-a-collective-impact-approach
#4
Tiffany Blake-Lamb, Alexy Arauz Boudreau, Sarah Matathia, Etna Tiburcio, Meghan E Perkins, Brianna Roche, Milton Kotelchuck, Derri Shtasel, Sarah N Price, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: Obesity interventions may be most effective if they begin in the earliest stages of life, support changes across family, clinical, and public health systems, and address socio-contextual factors. METHODS: The First 1000Days is a systematic program starting in early pregnancy lasting through the first 24months of infancy to prevent obesity among low-income mother-infant pairs in three community health centers in Massachusetts. The program uses a Collective Impact approach to create the infrastructure for sustained, system-wide changes for obesity prevention across early life clinical and public health services, including Obstetrics, Pediatrics, Adult Medicine, Behavioral Health, Nutrition, Community Health, the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) program, and the Maternal, Infant and Childhood Home Visiting program...
December 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223775/association-between-prenatal-bisphenol-a-and-phthalate-exposures-and-fetal-metabolic-related-biomarkers-the-hokkaido-study-on-environment-and-children-s-health
#5
Machiko Minatoya, Atsuko Araki, Chihiro Miyashita, Yu Ait Bamai, Sachiko Itoh, Jun Yamamoto, Yu Onoda, Kazuki Ogasawara, Toru Matsumura, Reiko Kishi
Bisphenol A and phthalates are widely detected in human urine, blood, breast milk, and amniotic fluid. Both bisphenol A and phthalates have been suggested as playing a role in obesity epidemics. Exposure to these chemicals during fetal development, and its consequences should be concerning because they can cross the placenta. Thus, this study aimed to assess the association between prenatal exposure to bisphenol A and phthalates, and cord blood metabolic-related biomarkers. Maternal serum was used during the first trimester, to determine prenatal exposure to bisphenol A and phthalates...
December 7, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223002/basal-and-reactivity-levels-of-cortisol-in-one-month-old-infants-born-to-overweight-or-obese-mothers-from-an-ethnically-and-racially-diverse-low-income-community-sample
#6
Karen M Jones-Mason, Michael Coccia, Stephanie Grover, Elissa Epel, Nicole R Bush
Establishing typical values of the steroid hormone cortisol at rest and after challenge is critical for understanding how environmental factors impact stress regulation and overall development, beginning at birth. Yet most extant samples are small or based upon low-risk populations, and few studies address the potential role of maternal weight during pregnancy in their study designs or sampling strategy. Here we report basal and reactivity levels of salivary cortisol within a racially and ethnically diverse sample of 132 infants approximately one month of age (Age in days: M=37...
December 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222899/prevalence-and-determinants-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-among-non-pregnant-women-of-reproductive-age-in-pakistan
#7
Muhammad Atif Habib, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Noshad Ali, Sidrah Nausheen, Imran Ahmed, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Kirsten I Black
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Iron deficiency Anemia (IDA) in women of reproductive age is a recognized public health concern that impairs health and well-being in women and is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes. In Pakistan there is a dearth of up-to-date information on the prevalence and predictors of IDA. This study sought to investigate IDA in Pakistani women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis was performed using the National Nutrition Survey in Pakistan 2011- 2012...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222412/ancestral-perinatal-obesogen-exposure-results-in-a-transgenerational-thrifty-phenotype-in-mice
#8
Raquel Chamorro-Garcia, Carlos Diaz-Castillo, Bassem M Shoucri, Heidi Käch, Ron Leavitt, Toshi Shioda, Bruce Blumberg
Ancestral environmental exposures to non-mutagenic agents can exert effects in unexposed descendants. This transgenerational inheritance has significant implications for understanding disease etiology. Here we show that exposure of F0 mice to the obesogen tributyltin (TBT) throughout pregnancy and lactation predisposes unexposed F4 male descendants to obesity when dietary fat is increased. Analyses of body fat, plasma hormone levels, and visceral white adipose tissue DNA methylome and transcriptome collectively indicate that the F4 obesity is consistent with a leptin resistant, thrifty phenotype...
December 8, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221939/obesity-and-contraceptive-use-among-women-20-44-years-of-age-in-the-united-states-results-from-the-2011-15-national-survey-of-family-growth-nsfg
#9
William D Mosher, Hannah Lantos, Anne Burke
OBJECTIVE: Obesity has increased dramatically in the US in recent decades. Our objective was to explore associations of contraceptive choices of US women, aged 20-44 years, with body mass index (BMI) and relevant covariates. STUDY DESIGN: Data are based on interviews with a national sample of 11,300 women in the 2011-2015 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). We analyzed women ages 20-44 at risk of unintended pregnancy. The primary dependent variable was BMI category...
December 5, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218217/gastric-band-tubing-related-complication-during-pregnancy
#10
Yuni F Ongso, Han N Beh
In the past few decades, laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding is one of the most common bariatric procedures performed to treat morbid obesity. Device-related complication such as connection-tubing problem is rare. Here we present a case of gastric band tubing complication during pregnancy. This case illustrates the need to maintain high index of suspicion of gastric band device-related complication during pregnancy and early referral for bariatric surgical assessment is recommended.
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217485/developmental-origins-of-adult-health-and-disease-the-metabolic-role-of-bdnf-from-early-life-to-adulthood
#11
REVIEW
Despina D Briana, Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner
Accumulating evidence suggests that the origins of adult disease may occur during fetal life. Thus, the concept of "developmental programming" has been introduced and supported by epidemiological and experimental data. This concept supports the idea that the nutritional and hormonal status during pregnancy could interfere in metabolism control. The mechanisms responsible for this "developmental programming" remain poorly documented. Current research indicates that neurotrophins and particularly brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may play a crucial role in this process...
December 4, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217099/proinflammatory-diets-during-pregnancy-and-neonatal-adiposity-in-the-healthy-start-study
#12
Brianna F Moore, Katherine A Sauder, Anne P Starling, James R Hébert, Nitin Shivappa, Brandy M Ringham, Deborah H Glueck, Dana Dabelea
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between dietary inflammatory index (DII) scores during pregnancy and neonatal adiposity. STUDY DESIGN: The analysis included 1078 mother-neonate pairs in Healthy Start, a prospective prebirth cohort. Diet was assessed using repeated 24-hour dietary recalls. DII scores were obtained by summing nutrient intakes, which were standardized to global means and multiplied by inflammatory effect scores. Air displacement plethysmography measured fat mass and fat-free mass within 72 hours of birth...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215512/term-elective-induction-of-labor-and-pregnancy-outcomes-among-obese-women-and-their-offspring
#13
Cassandra M Gibbs Pickens, Michael R Kramer, Penelope P Howards, Martina L Badell, Aaron B Caughey, Carol J Hogue
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether elective induction of labor between 39 through 41 weeks of gestation, as compared with expectant management, is associated with reduced cesarean delivery and other adverse outcomes among obese women and their offspring. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the 2007-2011 California Linked Patient Discharge Data-Birth Cohort File of 165,975 singleton, cephalic, nonanomalous deliveries to obese women. For each gestational week (39-41), we used multivariable logistic regression models, stratified by parity, to assess whether elective induction of labor or expectant management was associated with lower odds of cesarean delivery and other adverse outcomes...
December 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215449/seasonal-variation-of-orofacial-clefts
#14
Chrysis Sofianos, Efthimios A Christofides, Sibusiso E Phiri
BACKGROUND: Orofacial clefts represent the most common craniofacial malformation diagnosed at birth and may be divided into isolated cleft lip (CL), cleft lip and palate (CL/P), or isolated cleft palate (CP). The causes of orofacial clefts have long been understood to be multifactorial; however, research into the genetic and environmental factors underpinning these disorders in African populations is scant. Seasonal variation in the occurrence of orofacial clefts was investigated. Seasonal variation is defined as differences due to periodic, temporal, and external influences, namely the particular time or season of the year...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214155/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-technology-based-approach-for-preventing-excess-weight-gain-during-pregnancy-among-women-with-overweight
#15
Ariana M Chao, Sindhu K Srinivas, Stacia K Studt, Lisa K Diewald, David B Sarwer, Kelly C Allison
Objective: Overweight/obesity and excess weight gain during pregnancy are associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Few interventions have been effective in limiting gestational weight gain among women with overweight or obesity. This pilot, randomized clinical trial compared treatment as usual (TAU) to a lifestyle modification program delivered via phone for the prevention of excess gestational weight gain in women who had overweight or obesity. Methods: Participants included 41 pregnant women with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m2 (mean age = 28...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214042/maternal-weight-in-the-postpartum-results-from-the-delta-healthy-sprouts-trial
#16
Lisa M Tussing-Humphreys, Jessica L Thomson, Nefertiti OjiNjideka Hemphill, Melissa H Goodman, Alicia S Landry
Background: Excessive postnatal weight retention may pose a threat to a woman's health and future pregnancies. Women in the Lower Mississippi Delta (LMD) region of Mississippi suffer from among the highest rates of obesity in the U.S. and are more likely to gain an excessive amount of weight during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to determine if LMD women who received a lifestyle enhanced maternal, infant, and early childhood home visiting (MIECHV) curriculum had more favorable weight outcomes through 12-months postpartum compared to women who received a standard MIECHV curriculum...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212591/-pregnancy-after-bariatric-surgery
#17
Mette Mandrup Kjær, Lise Lotte Torvin-Andersen, Peter Dam, Dorte Møller Jensen, Jeanette Lauenborg, Louise Laage Stentebjerg, René Klinkeby Støving, Kristina Martha Renault
This is a review of the recommendations regarding pregnancy after bariatric surgery from the Danish Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. The risk of vitamin/mineral deficiencies should be emphasized and checked with blood samples. Measurements of fetal growth should be offered at gestational age 28 and 34 as a supplement to the standard prenatal procedures because of the increased risk of intrauterine growth retardation. Because of persistent obesity there is still an increased risk of hypertension and diabetes mellitus...
December 4, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211781/blood-pressure-patterns-and-body-mass-index-status-in-pregnancy-an-assessment-among-women-reporting-for-antenatal-care-at-the-korle-bu-teaching-hospital-ghana
#18
Mary Amoakoh-Coleman, Deda Ogum-Alangea, Emefa Modey-Amoah, Michael Yao Ntumy, Richard M Adanu, Samuel A Oppong
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity in pregnancy has been linked with increased risk of pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH). In some tertiary referral hospitals in Ghana, PIH is the leading cause of institutional maternal mortality. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate blood pressure changes during pregnancy amongst different body mass index (BMI) groups and how this relates to the risk of developing PIH. METHODS: Women who had a dating ultrasound before 20 weeks gestation and registering for antenatal care at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital in Accra, between February and December 2013 and met the inclusion criteria were recruited into a cohort study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211491/complications-and-care-related-to-pregnancy-labor-and-delivery-among-active-component-service-women-u-s-armed-forces-2012-2016
#19
Shauna Stahlman, Catherine T Witkop, Leslie L Clark, Stephen B Taubman
Diagnoses of "complications of pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium" include both morbid complications and indications for routine care of pregnant women. During 2012-2016, a total of 55,601 U.S. service members with live births (n=63,879) had 657,060 medical encounters with primary diagnoses of "pregnancy complications." The most frequent diagnoses were "other" specified conditions complicating pregnancy, childbirth, or the puerperium. Numbers of medical encounters with a primary (first-listed) diagnosis of any pregnancy-related complication or indication for care decreased marginally each year between 2012 (n=178,703) and 2016 (n=146,282)...
November 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210999/adverse-intrauterine-environment-and-cardiac-mirna-expression
#20
REVIEW
Mitchell C Lock, Kimberley J Botting, Ross L Tellam, Doug Brooks, Janna L Morrison
Placental insufficiency, high altitude pregnancies, maternal obesity/diabetes, maternal undernutrition and stress can result in a poor setting for growth of the developing fetus. These adverse intrauterine environments result in physiological changes to the developing heart that impact how the heart will function in postnatal life. The intrauterine environment plays a key role in the complex interplay between genes and the epigenetic mechanisms that regulate their expression. In this review we describe how an adverse intrauterine environment can influence the expression of miRNAs (a sub-set of non-coding RNAs) and how these changes may impact heart development...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
keyword
keyword
79002
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"