keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

emigration

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329539/state-dependent-domicile-leaving-rates-in-anopheles-gambiae
#1
Simon P W Zappia, Alex M Chubaty, Bernard D Roitberg
BACKGROUND: Transmission of Plasmodium greatly depends on the foraging behaviour of its mosquito vector (Anopheles spp.). The accessibility of blood hosts and availability of plant sugar (i.e., nectar) sources, together with mosquito energy state, have been shown to modulate blood feeding (and thus biting rates) of anopheline mosquitoes. In this study, the influence of mosquito starvation status and availability of nectar on the decision of female Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes to leave a bed net-protected blood host was examined...
January 12, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310801/mechanisms-of-i-r-induced-endothelium-dependent-vasodilator-dysfunction
#2
Ronald J Korthuis
Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) induces leukocyte/endothelial cell adhesive interactions (LECA) in postcapillary venules and impaired endothelium-dependent, NO-mediated dilatory responses (EDD) in upstream arterioles. A large body of evidence has implicated reactive oxygen species, adherent leukocytes, and proteases in postischemic EDD dysfunction in conduit arteries. However, arterioles represent the major site for the regulation of vascular resistance but have received less attention with regard to the mechanisms underlying their reduced responsiveness to EDD stimuli in I/R...
2018: Advances in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301814/eosinophilia-a-marker-of-asymptomatic-strongyloides-infection-in-a-young-patient-with-extrapulmonary-tuberculosis
#3
Hirotomo Yamanashi, Sinsuke Kanbara, Kunihiko Murase, Takahiro Maeda
Strongyloides stercoralis infection is a common and neglected public health problem in many areas of the world. Here we report the case of a 21-year-old woman who emigrated from Cambodia to Japan and presented with swelling of the right supraclavicular region of 2 months' duration. She had no other symptoms. Tuberculous lymphadenitis was diagnosed based on a fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the right supraclavicular lymph node. The laboratory examination revealed mild eosinophilia (eosinophils 1348/µL).S. stercoralis and Hymenolepis nana were detected serologically and in faeces examination...
January 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288701/refuge-mediated-predator-prey-dynamics-and-biomass-pyramids
#4
Hao Wang, Silogini Thanarajah, Philippe Gaudreau
Refuge can greatly influence predator-prey dynamics by movements between the interior and the exterior of a refuge. The presence of refuge for prey decreases predation risk and can have important impacts on the sustainability of a predator-prey system. The principal purpose of this paper is to formulate and analyze a refuge-mediated predator-prey model when the refuge is available to protect a portion of prey from predation. We study the effect of the refuge size on the biomass ratio and extend our refuge model to incorporate fishing and predator migration separately...
December 27, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288207/newly-generated-cd4-t-cells-acquire-metabolic-quiescence-after-thymic-egress
#5
Shusong Zhang, Xinwei Zhang, Ke Wang, Xi Xu, Mingyang Li, Jun Zhang, Yan Zhang, Jie Hao, Xiuyuan Sun, Yingyu Chen, Xiaohui Liu, Yingjun Chang, Rong Jin, Hounan Wu, Qing Ge
Mature naive T cells circulate through the secondary lymphoid organs in an actively enforced quiescent state. Impaired cell survival and cell functions could be found when T cells have defects in quiescence. One of the key features of T cell quiescence is low basal metabolic activity. It remains unclear at which developmental stage T cells acquire this metabolic quiescence. We compared mitochondria among CD4 single-positive (SP) T cells in the thymus, CD4+ recent thymic emigrants (RTEs), and mature naive T cells in the periphery...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284170/-radiological-diagnoses-in-the-context-of-emigration-infectious-diseases
#6
Marija Stojkovic, Jan Müller, Thomas Junghanss, Tim Frederik Weber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282076/the-consequences-of-ireland-s-culture-of-medical-migration
#7
Niamh Humphries, Sophie Crowe, Cian McDermott, Sara McAleese, Ruairi Brugha
BACKGROUND: In recent years, Ireland has experienced a large-scale, outward migration of doctors. This presents a challenge for national policy makers and workforce planners seeking to build a self-sufficient medical workforce that trains and retains enough doctors to meet demand. Although, traditionally, medical migration has been considered beneficial to the Irish health system, austerity has brought a greater level of uncertainty to the health system and, with it, a need to reappraise the professional culture of migration and its impact on the Irish health system...
December 28, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280270/cell-ingression-relevance-to-limb-development-and-for-adaptive-evolution
#8
REVIEW
Clarissa C Pasiliao, Sevan Hopyan
Cell ingression is an out-of-plane type of cell intercalation that is essential for the formation of multiple embryonic structures including the limbs. In particular, cell ingression underlies epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition of lateral plate cells to initiate limb bud growth, delamination of neural crest cells to generate peripheral nerve sheaths, and emigration of myoblasts from somites to assemble muscles. Individual cells that ingress undergo apical constriction to generate bottle shaped cells, diminish adhesion to their epithelial cell neighbors, and generate protrusive blebs that likely facilitate their ingression into a subepithelial tissue layer...
December 27, 2017: Genesis: the Journal of Genetics and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259045/risk-of-cardiac-rhythm-disturbances-and-aortic-regurgitation-in-different-spondyloarthritis-subtypes-in-comparison-with-general-population-a-register-based-study-from-sweden
#9
Karin Bengtsson, Helena Forsblad-d'Elia, Elisabeth Lie, Eva Klingberg, Mats Dehlin, Sofia Exarchou, Ulf Lindström, Johan Askling, Lennart T H Jacobsson
OBJECTIVES: To describe the incidence of atrioventricular (AV) block II-III, atrial fibrillation (AF), pacemaker implantation (PM) and aortic regurgitation in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), undifferentiated spondyloarthritis (uSpA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) compared with the general population (GP) and with each other. METHODS: A prospective nationwide study with cohorts of patients with AS (n=6448), PsA (n=16 063) and uSpA (n=5190) and a GP (n=2 66 435) cohort, identified in 2001-2009 in the Swedish National Patient and Population registers...
December 19, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244073/incidence-of-infective-endocarditis-among-patients-considered-at-high-risk
#10
Lauge Østergaard, Nana Valeur, Nikolaj Ihlemann, Henning Bundgaard, Gunnar Gislason, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Niels Eske Bruun, Lars Søndergaard, Lars Køber, Emil Loldrup Fosbøl
Aims: Patients with prior infective endocarditis (IE), a prosthetic heart valve, or a cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD) are considered to be at high risk of IE by guidelines. However, knowledge is sparse on the relative risk of IE between these three groups and compared controls. Methods and results: Using Danish nationwide registries (1996-2015), we identified all patients with prior IE, a prosthetic heart valve, or a complex CHD (defined as tetralogy of Fallot, truncus arteriosus, and transposition of great arteries) as well as matched control populations...
December 12, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238547/temporal-constraints-on-the-potential-role-of-fry-odors-as-cues-of-past-reproductive-success-for-spawning-lake-trout
#11
Tyler J Buchinger, J Ellen Marsden, Thomas R Binder, Mar Huertas, Ugo Bussy, Ke Li, James E Hanson, Charles C Krueger, Weiming Li, Nicholas S Johnson
Deciding where to reproduce is a major challenge for most animals. Many select habitats based upon cues of successful reproduction by conspecifics, such as the presence of offspring from past reproductive events. For example, some fishes select spawning habitat following odors released by juveniles whose rearing habitat overlaps with spawning habitat. However, juveniles may emigrate before adults begin to search for spawning habitat; hence, the efficacy of juvenile cues could be constrained by degradation or dissipation rates...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233630/higher-risk-of-renal-disease-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-antiviral-therapy-survival-benefit-in-patients-on-hemodialysis
#12
Jonas Söderholm, Charlotta Millbourn, Katharina Büsch, Jan Kövamees, Robert Schvarcz, Karin Lindahl, Annette Bruchfeld
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several studies have shown that chronic hepatitis C (CHC) infection has a negative impact on kidney function, as well as survival, in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or on hemodialysis (HD). The aim of this nationwide registry study was to describe renal disease in Swedish CHC patients METHODS: In the present study, patients were identified for CHC (B18.2) and CKD (N18) according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 in the nationwide Swedish inpatient care day surgery (1997-2013) and non-primary outpatient care (2001-2013) patient registries...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232311/lithium-colchicine-a-potential-strategy-to-reduce-pro-inflammatory-effects-of-lithium-treatment
#13
John J Mooney, Roscoe O Brady
PURPOSE: Rosenblat and McIntyre (Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2015;132: 180-191) propose that immune disorders are important mediators between bipolar disorders and medical comorbidities. Rosenblat et al (Bipolar Disord. 2016;18:89-101) present a meta-analysis showing that adjunctive anti-inflammatory agents could evoke moderate antidepressant responses in bipolar disorders. We propose using the anti-inflammatory drug colchicine to improve the long-term safety and efficacy of lithium treatment for bipolar disorders...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230305/changes-needed-to-medicine-in-the-uk-before-senior-uk-trained-doctors-working-outside-the-uk-will-return-questionnaire-surveys-undertaken-between-2004-and-2015
#14
Trevor W Lambert, Fay Smith, Michael J Goldacre
Objective: To report the changes to UK medicine which doctors who have emigrated tell us would increase their likelihood of returning to a career in UK medicine. Design: Questionnaire survey. Setting: UK-trained medical graduates. Participants: Questionnaires were sent 11 years after graduation to 7158 doctors who qualified in 1993 and 1996 in the UK: 4763 questionnaires were returned. Questionnaires were sent 17 and 19 years after graduation to the same cohorts: 4554 questionnaires were returned...
December 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226790/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-comorbid-depression-among-refugees-assessment-of-a-sample-from-a-german-refugee-reception-center
#15
Maria Belz, Michael Belz, Ibrahim Özkan, Iris T Graef-Calliess
In 2015, a large number of refugees arrived in Germany, mostly driven to emigrate by devastating circumstances in their countries of origin. Arriving refugees are distributed to reception centers within the German federal states, frequently facing marginal conditions in terms of overcrowding or waiting time of several months until their application for asylum is processed. Most of these refugees underwent numerous traumatizing experiences-both in their country of origin and while fleeing from their country of origin...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224640/return-to-the-workforce-following-infective-endocarditis-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jawad H Butt, Kristian Kragholm, Michael Dalager-Pedersen, Rasmus Rørth, Søren L Kristensen, Mavish S Chaudry, Nana Valeur, Lauge Østergaard, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Gunnar H Gislason, Lars Køber, Emil L Fosbøl
BACKGROUND: The ability to return to work after infective endocarditis (IE) holds important socioeconomic consequences for both patients and society, yet data on this issue are sparse. We examined return to the workforce and associated factors in IE patients of working age. METHODS: Using Danish nationwide registries, we identified 1,065 patients aged 18-60 years with a first-time diagnosis of IE (1996-2013) who were part of the workforce prior to admission and alive at discharge...
January 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214144/trajectories-of-emigrant-quasi-citizenship-a-comparative-study-of-mexico-and-turkey
#17
Rusen Yasar
In two of the busiest migration corridors of the twentieth century, namely Mexico-US and Turkey-Germany, migrants can today be dual citizens. However, the acceptance of dual citizenship did not occur automatically; instead, it followed a period of legal statuses short of full citizenship. This paper conceptualises such statuses as quasi-citizenship, a transitional equilibrium between the absence of plural citizenship and the existence of transnational migration. Focusing on sending states, the emergence of emigrant quasi-citizenship is thus explained, first, in terms of whether the reciprocal regimes of emigration and immigration states diverge on the acceptance of plural citizenship...
2017: Comparative Migration Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203769/three-distinct-developmental-pathways-for-adaptive-and-two-ifn-%C3%AE-producing-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-subsets-in-adult-thymus
#18
Terkild Brink Buus, Niels Ødum, Carsten Geisler, Jens Peter Holst Lauritsen
Murine γδ T cells include subsets that are programmed for distinct effector functions during their development in the thymus. Under pathological conditions, different γδ T cell subsets can be protective or can exacerbate a disease. Here we show that CD117, CD200 and CD371, together with other markers, identify seven developmental stages of γδ T cells. These seven stages can be divided into three distinct developmental pathways that are enriched for different TCRδ repertoires and exhibit characteristic expression patterns associated with adaptive (γδTn), IFN-γ-producing (γδT1) and IFN-γ/IL-4-co-producing γδ T cells (γδNKT)...
December 4, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202606/results-from-a-pilot-video-intervention-to-increase-cervical-cancer-screening-in-refugee-women
#19
India J Ornelas, Khanh Ho, J Carey Jackson, Jaime Moo-Young, Anh Le, H Hoai Do, Bouapanh Lor, Maya Magarati, Ying Zhang, Victoria M Taylor
Many refugee women emigrate from countries with high cervical cancer incidence rates and have low rates of cervical cancer screening both before and after resettlement. Refugee women face many barriers to cervical cancer screening, including limited knowledge of cervical cancer and screening recommendations and cultural and linguistic barriers to being screened. Our pilot study aimed to develop and evaluate educational videos to promote cervical cancer screening among Karen-Burmese and Nepali-Bhutanese refugees, two of the largest groups of refugees arriving to the United States in recent years...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200465/lack-of-conformity-to-new-local-dietary-preferences-in-migrating-captive-chimpanzees
#20
Gillian L Vale, Sarah J Davis, Erica van de Waal, Steven J Schapiro, Susan P Lambeth, Andrew Whiten
Conformity to the behavioural preferences of others can have powerful effects on intragroup behavioural homogeneity in humans, but evidence in animals remains minimal. In this study, we took advantage of circumstances in which individuals or pairs of captive chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes, were 'migrated' between groups, to investigate whether immigrants would conform to a new dietary population preference experienced in the group they entered, an effect suggested by recent fieldwork. Such 'migratory-minority' chimpanzees were trained to avoid one of two differently coloured foods made unpalatable, before 'migrating' to, and then observing, a 'local-majority' group consume a different food colour...
February 2017: Animal Behaviour
keyword
keyword
79000
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"