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Heart failure, acute coronary syndromes, echocardiography

Eva Gerdts, Raffaele Izzo, Costantino Mancusi, Maria Angela Losi, Maria Virginia Manzi, Grazia Canciello, Nicola De Luca, Bruno Trimarco, Giovanni de Simone
BACKGROUND: In general, women have lower risk for cardiovascular disease. We tested whether this sex-specific protection persists also in the presence of hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). METHODS: 12,329 women and men with hypertension and free from prevalent cardiovascular disease enrolled in the prospective Campania Salute Network registry were followed over a median of 4.1years. Subjects were grouped according to the absence or the presence of LVH identified by echocardiography using validated sex-specific cut-off values of LV mass index (>47g/m2...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Giuseppe Vieni, Sara Pusceddu, Ivana Bruno, Luca Ragni, Federico Marchetti
Kawasaki disease is a systemic vasculitis that presents with stable vital signs. Although it is well known that Kawasaki disease can cause myocarditis, tachycardia and heart failure during the acute stage, Kawasaki disease shock syndrome (KDSS) has recently been described. It is characterized by hypotension, signs and symptoms of poor perfusion and a shock-like state. We report the case of a 7-year-old boy with KDSS who presented with persistent fever, conjunctival injection, laterocervical lymphadenitis, and echocardiography showing signs of myocardial dysfunction and shock...
February 2018: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Agata Schneider, Tomasz Krauze, Andrzej Mińczykowski, Miłosz Dziarmaga, Jarosław Piskorski, Adam Szczepanik, Agnieszka Banaszak, Przemysław Guzik, Andrzej Wykrętowicz
INTRODUCTION    The excess pressure-time integral (excessPTI) and the reservoir pressure-time integral (reservoirPTI) are new metrics derived from blood pressure (BP) waveform decomposition. These markers predict cardiovascular (CV) complications and are associated with target organ damage in treated hypertensive patients or subjects with chronic and acute heart failure. OBJECTIVES    Herein we investigated whether reservoirPTI or excessPTI predict future CV events (death, stroke, myocardial infarction) in subjects with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and diminished ejection fraction (EF)...
March 9, 2018: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
K M Eggers, T Jernberg, B Lindahl
BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponin (cTn) levels reflect infarct size and depressed left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS). However, there is very limited information on whether cTn measured with a high-sensitivity (hs) assay would provide incremental prognostic information to the LVEF in NSTE-ACS patients. METHODS: This was a registry-based study (SWEDEHEART registry) investigating 20,652 NSTE-ACS patients with available information on hs-cTnT (highest level recorded during the hospitalization) and the LVEF estimated using echocardiography...
March 2018: American Heart Journal
Salim Bary Barywani, Michael Fu
OBJECTIVE: Elevated systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP) is common among elderly patients with cardiac and pulmonary diseases. The lowest level of sPAP associated with increased mortality rate in octogenarians with cardiac diseases is however not sufficiently studied. Therefore, the present study aimed to identify the lowest level of sPAP associated with increased 5-year all-cause mortality in this patient group. DESIGN: Of 538 octogenarians presented at the three Sahlgrenska University Hospitals (Sahlgrenska, Östra and Mölndal) with either congestive heart failure (CHF) or acute coronary syndrome (ACS), only 302 patients who had undergone echocardiography with data on sPAP were included in the present study...
January 22, 2018: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
Benjamin Abels, Steffen Pfeiffer, Jana Stix, Johannes Schwab
We present a case of an 85-year-old patient who underwent clinical work-up for chronic heart failure, acute coronary syndrome, and pulmonary embolism, until she was diagnosed with a cardiac mass that was histologically identified as sarcoma. The aim of this educational case report is to raise awareness of cardiac masses and to point out diagnostic hints towards a cardiac tumor on chest X-ray, coronary angiography, echocardiography, and chest CT. Moreover, the vital role of cardiac magnetic resonance for the diagnosis of a cardiac mass is highlighted...
November 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
Malick Bodian, Awa Thiaw, Simon Antoine Sarr, Kana Babaka, Fatou Aw, Aliou Alassane Ngaïde, Mouhamadou Bamba Ndiaye, Adama Kane, Modou Jobe, Alassane Mbaye, Maboury Diao, Moustapha Sarr, Serigne Abdou Ba
Introduction: Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) is a pathophysiologic disorder of the heart and the kidneys whereby acute or chronic dysfunction in one organ may induce acute or chronic dysfunction of the other. In Africa, particularly in Senegal, the incidence of cardiorenal syndrome is not accurately known. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of CRS in the Cardiology Department. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study including all patients with heart failure associated with alteration of renal function, hospitalized in the Cardiology Department between April 2010 and April 2011...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
Andre Dias, Emiliana Franco, Manolo Rubio, Vikas Bhalla, Gregg S Pressman, Sarah Amanullah, Kathy Hebert, Vincent M Figueredo
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is peculiar clinical condition often resembling an acute coronary syndrome and mostly affecting postmenopausal women after a stressful trigger. TTS was initially thought to be a relatively benign condition. However, current data have shown it may be associated with considerable inpatient morbidity and carry a small, but important, mortality risk. METHODS: We hypothesized that left ventricular (LV) regional and global longitudinal strain (GLS) assessed with 2D speckle tracking echocardiography could identify early systolic functional impairment and predict in-hospital cardiovascular events...
February 2018: Echocardiography
Kazushi Takemoto, Kumiko Hirata, Takeshi Hozumi, Takashi Tanimoto, Makoto Orii, Yasutsugu Shiono, Yoshiki Matsuo, Yasushi Ino, Hironori Kitabata, Takashi Kubo, Atsushi Tanaka, Takashi Akasaka
OBJECTIVE: To examine the diagnostic ability of the deceleration time of early mitral annular velocity (e'DT) as determined by tissue Doppler velocity image, a method for assessing LV filling pressure. BACKGROUNDS: Estimation of LV filling pressure by Doppler echocardiography requires a combination of various parameters. Therefore, there remains a need for a simple index in LV filling pressure estimation. The e' is known to be reduced and delayed with increased LV filling pressure during development of heart failure...
September 2017: Echocardiography
Joanna Zaprutko, Artur Baszko, Michał Michalak, Karol Kochman, Radosław Szymański, Jan Kłopocki, Anna Nowicka, Rafał Dankowski, Marek Michalski, Piotr Kałmucki, Andrzej Szyszka
INTRODUCTION    Restoring sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF)/atrial flutter (AFl) requires adequate oral anticoagulation prior to direct current cardioversion (DCC). Some patients eligible for DCC are not properly anticoagulated. OBJECTIVES    The aim of the study was to assess risk factors for thrombus and spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) in the left atrium (LA) as well as the safety profile of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)-guided DCC in patients with inadequate anticoagulation...
August 9, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
Masanori Mori, Hayato Nagashima, Satoshi Akazawa, Noriko Saegusa, Yuichi Ichikawa, Kei Iida, Kotaro Yoshimura, Masahiro Nakagawa
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is a form of transient heart failure that clinically mimics acute coronary syndrome and is characterized by left ventricular wall motion abnormalities. The pathophysiology of TCM is not well established. TCM is often preceded by emotional or physical stress and may occur after surgery. We present 3 cases of TCM occurring after head and neck reconstructive surgery. Echocardiography plays a central role in the diagnosis of TCM. Left ventricular wall motion abnormalities extend beyond the territory of a single coronary artery...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Marko Mornar Jelavic, Zdravko Babic, Hrvoje Pintaric
INTRODUCTION: The interrelation between metabolic syndrome (MetS) (the revised National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) and International Diabetes Federation (IDF)) and obesity indices in predicting clinical severity and prognosis of acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is insufficiently known. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study included 250 acute STEMI patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention...
June 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Joanna Zaprutko, Artur Baszko, Michał Michalak, Karol Kochman, Radosław Szymański, Jan Kłopocki, Anna Nowicka, Rafał Dankowski, Marek Michalski, Piotr Kałmucki, Andrzej Szyszka
INTRODUCTION    Restoring sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF)/atrial flutter (AF) requires adequate oral anticoagulation (OAC) prior to direct current cardioversion (DCC). Some patients eligible for DCC are not properly anticoagulated. OBJECTIVES    Assessment of risk factors for thrombus and spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) in the left atrium (LA) as well as the safety profile of DCC under transesophageal echocardiography control (TEE) in patients with inadequate anticoagulation. PATIENTS AND METHODS    From the cohort of 316 patients admitted for DCC, 139 (age 63...
May 25, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
Samir Sulemane, Vasileios F Panoulas, Athanasios Bratsas, Julia Grapsa, Edwina A Brown, Petros Nihoyannopoulos
Emerging cardiovascular biomarkers, such as speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) and aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV), have recently demonstrated the presence of subclinical left ventricular dysfunction and arterial stiffening in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and no previous cardiovascular history. However, limited information exists on the prognostic impact of these biomarkers. We aimed to investigate whether STE and aPWV predict major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in this patient population...
May 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Giuseppe Molinari, Martina Molinari, Matteo Di Biase, Natale Daniele Brunetti
Among the wide range of medical specialties in which telemedicine has been successfully applied, cardiology can be considered as one of the most important fields of application. Through the transmission of clinical data and the electrocardiogram, telecardiology allows access to a real-time assessment (teleconsultation) without any need to travel for both patient and cardiologist. This review discusses the impact of telecardiology in different clinical settings of application. Pre-hospital telecardiology has proved to be useful either in the clinical management of remote patients with acute coronary syndrome or in supporting the decision-making process of general practitioners...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Hong-Min Zhang, Da-Wei Liu, Xiao-Ting Wang, Yun Long, Quan-Hui Yang
Objective To investigate the respiratory and cardiac characteristics of elderly Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients.Methods Twelve senior ICU patients aged 90 years and older were enrolled in this study. We retrospectively collected all patients' clinical data through medical record review. The basic demographics, primary cause for admission, the condition of respiratory and circulatory support, as well as prognosis were recorded. Shock patients and pneumonia patients were specifically analyzed in terms of clinical manifestations, laboratory variables, echocardiography, and lung ultrasound Results...
March 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
Mohamed M Al-Daydamony, El-Sayed M Farag
AIM: To examine the value of CRUSADE bleeding score in predicting bleeding events in our local patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in Zagazig University Hospitals. METHODS: Our study included 240 patients with ACS. They underwent history and clinical examination; 12-lead electrocardiography; echocardiography; troponin I, hematocrit value; estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR); application of CRUSADE score; and follow-up of the hospital stay and documentations of events...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Radu Campean, Matthias Hasun, Claudia Stöllberger, Johannes Bucher, Josef Finsterer, Christoph Schnack, Franz Weidinger
BACKGROUND: Reversible left ventricular dysfunction, also termed Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, is rarely reported in Addison's disease after initiation of hormone replacement therapy. The pathogenesis of this cardiomyopathy is unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: A 41-year-old white woman with a history of autoimmune Hashimoto thyroiditis diagnosed 3 years earlier and acute adrenal insufficiency diagnosed 3 weeks earlier presented with new onset of heart failure New York Heart Association class IV, which had started shortly after initiation of hormone replacement therapy with hydrocortisone 20 mg/day and fludrocortisone 0...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Hafeez Ul Hassan Virk, Faisal Inayat
CONTEXT: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) mimics acute coronary syndrome and is accompanied by reversible left ventricular apical ballooning in the absence of angiographically significant coronary artery stenosis. It is a transient condition that typically precedes physical or emotional triggers. CASE REPORT: We describe the case of a 65-year-old woman who presented to our institution with symptomatic Clostridium difficile infection. 24 hours after admission, the patient complained of severe, retrosternal chest pain...
July 2016: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
Jayanta T Mukherjee, Joni R Beshansky, Robin Ruthazer, Hadeel Alkofide, Madhab Ray, David Kent, Warren J Manning, Gordon S Huggins, Harry P Selker
BACKGROUND: In patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is a known marker for increased mortality. However, the relationship between LVEF measured during index ACS hospitalization and mortality and heart failure (HF) within 1 year are less well-defined. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 445 participants in the IMMEDIATE Trial who had LVEF measured by left ventriculography or echocardiogram during hospitalization...
August 3, 2016: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
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