keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

human resource

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449231/resource-partitioning-in-tolerant-and-intolerant-macaques
#1
Nancy Rebout, Christine Desportes, Bernard Thierry
The clumped distribution of food resources promotes food defensibility and can lead to the monopolizing of resources by high-ranking individuals. However, the balance of power is set at different levels according to societies, meaning that resource partitioning should vary between them. This study investigates whether dominance asymmetry and resource partitioning are related in non-human primates by comparing two species with contrasting social styles, namely rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) which display strong social intolerance and a steep gradient of dominance, and Tonkean macaques (Macaca tonkeana), which exhibit higher levels of tolerance and more balanced dominance relationships...
April 27, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448493/variable-habitat-conditions-drive-species-covariation-in-the-human-microbiota
#2
Charles K Fisher, Thierry Mora, Aleksandra M Walczak
Two species with similar resource requirements respond in a characteristic way to variations in their habitat-their abundances rise and fall in concert. We use this idea to learn how bacterial populations in the microbiota respond to habitat conditions that vary from person-to-person across the human population. Our mathematical framework shows that habitat fluctuations are sufficient for explaining intra-bodysite correlations in relative species abundances from the Human Microbiome Project. We explicitly show that the relative abundances of closely related species are positively correlated and can be predicted from taxonomic relationships...
April 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447398/a-suite-of-essential-biodiversity-variables-for-detecting-critical-biodiversity-change
#3
Dirk S Schmeller, Lauren V Weatherdon, Adeline Loyau, Alberte Bondeau, Lluis Brotons, Neil Brummitt, Ilse R Geijzendorffer, Peter Haase, Mathias Kuemmerlen, Corinne S Martin, Jean-Baptiste Mihoub, Duccio Rocchini, Hannu Saarenmaa, Stefan Stoll, Eugenie C Regan
Key global indicators of biodiversity decline, such as the IUCN Red List Index and the Living Planet Index, have relatively long assessment intervals. This means they, due to their inherent structure, function as late-warning indicators that are retrospective, rather than prospective. These indicators are unquestionably important in providing information for biodiversity conservation, but the detection of early-warning signs of critical biodiversity change is also needed so that proactive management responses can be enacted promptly where required...
April 26, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447373/avoiding-a-crisis-of-motivation-for-ocean-management-under-global-environmental-change
#4
REVIEW
Peter J Mumby, James N Sanchirico, Kenneth Broad, Michael W Beck, Peter Tyedmers, Megan Morikawa, Thomas A Okey, Larry B Crowder, Elizabeth A Fulton, Denny Kelso, Joanie A Kleypas, Stephan B Munch, Polita Glynn, Kathryn Matthews, Jane Lubchenco
Climate change and ocean acidification are altering marine ecosystems and, from a human perspective, creating both winners and losers. Human responses to these changes are complex, but may result in reduced government investments in regulation, resource management, monitoring and enforcement. Moreover, a lack of peoples' experience of climate change may drive some towards attributing the symptoms of climate change to more familiar causes such as management failure. Taken together, we anticipate that management could become weaker and less effective as climate change continues...
April 27, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447121/persistent-organic-pollutant-and-hormone-levels-in-harbor-porpoise-with-b-cell-lymphoma
#5
Stephanie A Norman, Zach C Winfield, Barry H Rickman, Sascha Usenko, Matthew Klope, Susan Berta, Sandra Dubpernell, Howard Garrett, Mary Jo Adams, Dyanna Lambourn, Jessica L Huggins, Nadine Lysiak, Adelaide E Clark, Rebel Sanders, Stephen J Trumble
B-cell lymphoma, a common morphologic variant of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, has been associated with persistent pollutants in humans, but this association is not well-characterized in top-level predators sharing marine resources with humans. We characterized and compared blubber contaminants and hormones of a pregnant harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) with B-cell lymphoma, with those in two presumed healthy fishery by-caught porpoises with no lymphoma: a pregnant adult and female juvenile. Common historic use compounds, including polychlorinated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, and pesticides, were evaluated in blubber samples from three porpoises...
April 26, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446775/delivering-prolonged-intensive-care-to-a-non-human-primate-a-high-fidelity-animal-model-of-critical-illness
#6
P Guillaume Poliquin, Mia Biondi, Charlene Ranadheera, Mable Hagan, Alexander Bello, Trina Racine, Mark Allan, Duane Funk, Gregory Hansen, B J Hancock, Murray Kesselman, Todd Mortimer, Anand Kumar, Shane Jones, Anders Leung, Allen Grolla, Kaylie N Tran, Kevin Tierney, Xiangguo Qiu, Darwyn Kobasa, James E Strong
Critical care needs have been rising in recent decades as populations age and comorbidities increase. Sepsis-related admissions to critical care contribute up to 50% of volume and septic shock carries a 35-54% fatality rate. Improvements in sepsis-related care and mortality would have a significant impact of a resource-intensive area of health care delivery. Unfortunately, research has been hampered by the lack of an animal model that replicates the complex care provided to humans in an intensive care unit (ICU)...
April 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446463/the-national-cancer-institute-almanac-a-comprehensive-screening-resource-for-the-detection-of-anticancer-drug-pairs-with-enhanced-therapeutic-activity
#7
Susan L Holbeck, Richard Camalier, James A Crowell, Jeevan Prasaad Govindharajulu, Melinda G Hollingshead, Lawrence W Anderson, Eric C Polley, Larry Rubinstein, Apurva K Srivastava, Deborah F Wilsker, Jerry M Collins, James H Doroshow
To date, over 100 small molecule oncology drugs have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.  Due to the inherent heterogeneity of tumors, these small molecules are often administered in combination to prevent emergence of resistant cell subpopulations.  Therefore, new combination strategies to overcome drug resistance in patients with advanced cancer are needed.  In this study, we performed a systematic evaluation of the therapeutic activity of over 5,000 pairs of FDA-approved cancer drugs against a panel of 60 well-characterized human tumor cell lines (NCI-60) to uncover combinations with greater than additive growth-inhibitory activity...
April 26, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446229/expanding-protection-motivation-theory-investigating-an-application-to-animal-owners-and-emergency-responders-in-bushfire-emergencies
#8
Rachel Westcott, Kevin Ronan, Hilary Bambrick, Melanie Taylor
BACKGROUND: Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) was developed by Rogers in 1975, to describe how individuals are motivated to react in a self-protective way towards a perceived health threat. Rogers expected the use of PMT to diversify over time, which has proved true over four decades. The purpose of this paper is to explore how PMT can be used and expanded to inform and improve public safety strategies in natural hazards. As global climate change impacts on the Australian environment, natural hazards seem to be increasing in scale and frequency, and Emergency Services' public education campaigns have necessarily escalated to keep pace with perceived public threat...
April 26, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445523/preventive-child-health-care-at-elementary-school-age-the-costs-of-routine-assessments-with-a-triage-approach
#9
Janine Bezem, Catharina van der Ploeg, Mattijs Numans, Simone Buitendijk, Paul Kocken, Elske van den Akker
BACKGROUND: Triage in Preventive Child Health Care (PCH) assessments could further the efficient use of human resources and budgets and therefore make extra care possible for children with specific needs. We assessed the costs of routine PCH assessments with and without triage for children aged 5/6 years and 10/11 years. In a triage approach, PCH assistants conduct pre-assessments to identify children requiring follow-up assessments by a physician or nurse. In the usual approach, all children are assessed by a physician and an assistant (children aged 5/6 years) or a nurse (children aged 10/11 years)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445408/algal-proteins-extraction-application-and-challenges-concerning-production
#10
REVIEW
Stephen Bleakley, Maria Hayes
Population growth combined with increasingly limited resources of arable land and fresh water has resulted in a need for alternative protein sources. Macroalgae (seaweed) and microalgae are examples of under-exploited "crops". Algae do not compete with traditional food crops for space and resources. This review details the characteristics of commonly consumed algae, as well as their potential for use as a protein source based on their protein quality, amino acid composition, and digestibility. Protein extraction methods applied to algae to date, including enzymatic hydrolysis, physical processes, and chemical extraction and novel methods such as ultrasound-assisted extraction, pulsed electric field, and microwave-assisted extraction are discussed...
April 26, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444848/biologically-meaningful-scents-a-framework-for-understanding-predator-prey-research-across-disciplines
#11
Michael H Parsons, Raimund Apfelbach, Peter B Banks, Elissa Z Cameron, Chris R Dickman, Anke S K Frank, Menna E Jones, Ian S McGregor, Stuart McLean, Dietland Müller-Schwarze, Elisa E Sparrow, Daniel T Blumstein
Fear of predation is a universal motivator. Because predators hunt using stealth and surprise, there is a widespread ability among prey to assess risk from chemical information - scents - in their environment. Consequently, scents often act as particularly strong modulators of memory and emotions. Recent advances in ecological research and analytical technology are leading to novel ways to use this chemical information to create effective attractants, repellents and anti-anxiolytic compounds for wildlife managers, conservation biologists and health practitioners...
April 26, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444082/ii-brazilian-consensus-on-the-use-of-human-immunoglobulin-in-patients-with-primary-immunodeficiencies
#12
Ekaterini Simões Goudouris, Almerinda Maria do Rego Silva, Aluce Loureiro Ouricuri, Anete Sevciovic Grumach, Antonio Condino-Neto, Beatriz Tavares Costa-Carvalho, Carolina Cardoso de Mello Prando, Cristina Maria Kokron, Dewton de Moraes Vasconcelos, Fabíola Scancetti Tavares, Gesmar Rodrigues Silva Segundo, Irma Cecília Douglas Paes Barreto, Mayra de Barros Dorna, Myrthes Anna Maragna Toledo Barros, Wilma Carvalho Neves Forte
In the last few years, new primary immunodeficiencies and genetic defects have been described. Recently, immunoglobulin products with improved compositions and for subcutaneous use have become available in Brazil. In order to guide physicians on the use of human immunoglobulin to treat primary immunodeficiencies, based on a narrative literature review and their professional experience, the members of the Primary Immunodeficiency Group of the Brazilian Society of Allergy and Immunology prepared an updated document of the 1st Brazilian Consensus, published in 2010...
2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444059/-anthropometric-profile-of-children-in-accordance-with-the-structure-of-daycare-centers
#13
Dixis Figueroa Pedraza
The scope of this article is to evaluate the structure of public daycare centers and the anthropometric profile of children in the city of Campina Grande in the State of Paraíba, Brazil. It is a cross-sectional study that involved 793 children attended in daycare centers. Information to describe the daycare centers were included (structure related to the capacity of demand and the processing power of school meals, reception system of children, location area) and the anthropometric status of the children (Height/Age, Weight/Height)...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443274/the-guatemala-penn-partners-an-innovative-inter-institutional-model-for-scientific-capacity-building-healthcare-education-and-public-health
#14
Maria Alejandra Paniagua-Avila, Elizabeth Messenger, Caroline A Nelson, Erwin Calgua, Frances K Barg, Kent W Bream, Charlene Compher, Anthony J Dean, Sergio Martinez-Siekavizza, Victor Puac-Polanco, Therese S Richmond, Rudolf R Roth, Charles C Branas
Population health outcomes are directly related to robust public health programs, access to basic health services, and a well-trained health-care workforce. Effective health services need to systematically identify solutions, scientifically test these solutions, and share generated knowledge. The World Health Organization (WHO)'s Global Healthcare Workforce Alliance states that the capacity to perform research is an essential factor for well-functioning public health systems. Low- and middle-income countries have greater health-care worker shortages and lower research capacity than higher-income countries...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442752/zika-virus-infection-reprograms-global-transcription-of-host-cells-to-allow-sustained-infection
#15
Shashi Kant Tiwari, Jason Dang, Yue Qin, Gianluigi Lichinchi, Vikas Bansal, Tariq M Rana
Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging virus causally linked to neurological disorders, including congenital microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome. There are currently no targeted therapies for ZIKV infection. To identify novel antiviral targets and to elucidate the mechanisms by which ZIKV exploits the host cell machinery to support sustained replication, we analyzed the transcriptomic landscape of human microglia, fibroblast, embryonic kidney and monocyte-derived macrophage cell lines before and after ZIKV infection...
April 26, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441505/error-detection-based-model-to-assess-educational-outcomes-in-crisis-resource-management-training-a-pilot-study
#16
Sarah Bouhabel, Emily Kay-Rivest, Carol Nhan, Ilana Bank, Peter Nugus, Rachel Fisher, Lily Hp Nguyen
Otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OTL-HNS) residents face a variety of difficult, high-stress situations, which may occur early in their training. Since these events occur infrequently, simulation-based learning has become an important part of residents' training and is already well established in fields such as anesthesia and emergency medicine. In the domain of OTL-HNS, it is gradually gaining in popularity. Crisis Resource Management (CRM), a program adapted from the aviation industry, aims to improve outcomes of crisis situations by attempting to mitigate human errors...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440993/-training-of-institutional-research-networks-as-a-strategy-of-improvement
#17
María Eugenia Galván-Plata, Eduardo Almeida-Gutiérrez, Fabio Abdel Salamanca-Gómez
The Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) through the Coordinación de Investigación en Salud (Health Research Council) has promoted a strong link between the generation of scientific knowledge and the clinical care through the program Redes Institucionales de Investigación (Institutional Research Network Program), whose main aim is to promote and generate collaborative research between clinical, basic, epidemiologic, educational, economic and health services researchers, seeking direct benefits for patients, as well as to generate a positive impact on institutional processes...
May 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440543/registered-nurses-perceptions-regarding-nurse-led-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation-in-hhohho-region-swaziland
#18
A H Mavhandu-Mudzusi, P T Sandy, A Hettema
BACKGROUND: Swaziland has the highest HIV prevalence globally. It faces a critical shortage of health workers for addressing the HIV pandemic. To curb this human resource challenge, Swaziland adopted a nurse-driven model for antiretroviral therapy delivery in line with the recommendations of the World Health Organization on task shifting. OBJECTIVE: The study explored the perceptions of registered nurses on the nurse-led antiretroviral therapy initiation programme in the Hhohho region of Swaziland (NARTIS)...
April 25, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439836/prediction-of-mirna-mrna-interactions-using-mirgate
#19
Eduardo Andrés-León, Gonzalo Gómez-López, David G Pisano
miRGate ( http://mirgate.bioinfo.cnio.es /) is a freely available database that contains predicted and experimentally validated microRNA-messenger RNA (miRNA-mRNA) target pairs. This resource includes novel predictions from five well-established algorithms, but recalculated from a common and comprehensive sequence dataset. It includes all 3'-UTR sequences of all known genes of the three more widely employed genomes (human, mouse, and rat), and all annotated miRNA sequences from those genomes. Besides, it also contains predictions for all genes in human targeted by miRNA viruses such as Epstein-Barr and Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpes virus...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439448/spatial-determinants-of-ebola-virus-disease-risk-for-the-west-african-epidemic
#20
Kate Zinszer, Kathryn Morrison, Aman Verma, John S Brownstein
INTRODUCTION: Although many studies have investigated the probability of Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreaks while other studies have simulated the size and speed of EVD outbreaks, few have investigated the environmental and population-level predictors of Ebola transmission once an outbreak is underway. Identifying strong predictors of transmission could help guide and target limited public health resources during an EVD outbreak. We examined several environmental and population-level demographic predictors of EVD risk from the West African epidemic...
March 31, 2017: PLoS Currents
keyword
keyword
78999
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"